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Accounting Policies of VIP Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A) BASIS OF ACCOUNTING:

The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis and comply in all material aspects with the mandatory accounting standards and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

B) USE OF ESTIMATES :

The presentation and preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting year. Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known / materialized.

C) INVENTORY:

(i) Raw materials, components, stores & spares, packing material, Work-in-Process & finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

(ii) Cost of Raw Materials,components, stores & spares and packing material are valued at Weighted Average Cost.

(iii) Cost of inventory includes purchase cost/cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

(iv) Scrap is valued at net realisable value.

D) CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS :

Cash and Cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statements comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

E) REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Sale & Sale of Services

(i) Sales are recognised when goods are supplied and are recorded inclusive of Excise Duty and net off Value Added Tax and trade discount.

(ii) Revenues from Services are recognised as and when services are rendered.

Other Income

Interest income is accrued on accrual basis.

Export Benefits

All export benefits other than advance license benefits are accounted for on accrual basis.

Dividends

Dividend Income is accounted for as and when received.

F) FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION:

(i) The depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on the straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act,2013 except in respect of the following categories of assets, in which life of the assets has been assessed based on technical advice, taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating conditions of the asset, past history of replacement, anticipated technological changes, manufacturers warranties and maintenance support etc.

Assets Useful life

Furniture and Fixtures in company run stores 2 years

Computer Server 3 years

Soft luggage Moulds 2 years

Hard Luggage Moulds around 6 years

(ii) Intangible assets are identified when the assets are expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. The assets are identified in the year in which the relevant asset is put to use in the production or supply of goods or services. The assets are amortised over a period of estimated useful life as determined by the management.

* Expenditure on trademarks is amortised over a period of ten years on straight line method.

* Expenditure on patents is amortised over a period of ten years on straight line method or over the period of control, whichever is earlier.

* Expenditure on Computer Software is amortised over a period of three years on straight line method.

G) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS :

(i) In respect of foreign exchange transaction, the transaction in foreign currency is recorded in rupees by applying the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Amount short or excess realised/incurred is transferred to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(ii) All foreign currency liabilities / assets not covered by forward contracts, are restated at the rates prevailing at the year end and any exchange differences are debited / credited to the Statement of Profit & Loss .

(iii) In respect of transaction covered by forward contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of transaction is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss over the period of the contract.

H) GOVERNMENT GRANTS & SUBSIDY:

The Government Grants are treated as deferred income. The deferred income is recognised in the Statement of profit and loss on systematic and rational basis over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs, which they are intended to compensate.

I) INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long term investment is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Current investment are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value.

J) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

(i) Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amounts in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Contribution payable to the recommended Provident Fund is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(iii) Liabilities in respect of Gratuity & Leave Encashment which are defined benefit plans other than provident fund schemes are determined based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as on the balance sheet date. The actuarial gains or losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

K) SEGMENT REPORT:

(i) The company identifies primary segment based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segment are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

(ii) The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

L) borrowing COST :

Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale as per Accounting Standard 16 "Borrowing Cost". All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

M) EARNINGS PER SHARE :

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share amounts are computed after adjusting the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares except where the results would be anit- dilutive. The numbers of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of equity shares, which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

N) TAXATION :

(i) Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the taxable income for the current accounting period in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

(ii) The deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax asset arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a virtual certainity that this would be realised in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date.

O) LEASE :

(i) Lease rentals in respect of assets acquired under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(ii) Leases, where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases.

(iii) Leases in which the company does not transfer substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the asset are classified as operating leases. Assets subject to operating leases are included in fixed assets. Lease income on an operating lease is recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Costs, including depreciation, are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc., are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

P) Research and Development Expenses

Revenue expenditure pertaining to research is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss. Development costs of products are also charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss unless a product''s technical feasibility has been established, in which case such expenditure is capitalised. The amount capitalised comprises expenditure that can be directly attributed or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis to creating,producing and making the asset ready for its intended use. Fixed assets utilised for research and development and depreciated in accordance with the policies stated for Fixed Assets.

Q) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists,the management estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

R) PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILTIES:

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that May but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

S) OPERATING CYCLE:

Based on the nature of products/activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non current.


Mar 31, 2013

A) BASIS OF ACCOUNTING:

The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis and comply in all material aspects with the mandatory accounting standards and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B) USE OF ESTIMATES :

The presentation and preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting year. Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known I materialized.

C) REVENUE RECOGNITION:

(a) Sales are recognised when goods are supplied and are recorded at net off Value Added Tax and trade discount and is inclusive of Excise Duty.

(b) Revenues from Services are recognised as and when services are rendered.

D) OTHER INCOME:

Interest Income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend Income is accounted for as and when received.

E) FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION:

(a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided on straight line method in accordance with the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except on items of Furniture & Fixtures capitalised at the company run retail stores which are depreciated at the rate of 50% on pro-rata basis, computer hardware @ 25% on Straight line basis and Soft Luggage Moulds & Dies @ 50%. Leasehold land is not amortised over the period of the lease.

(b) Intangible assets are identified when the assets are expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. The assets are identified in the year in which the relevant asset is put to use in the production or supply of goods or services. The assets are amortised over a period of estimated useful life as determined by the management.

- Expenditure on trademarks is amortised over a period of ten years on straight line method.

- Expenditure on patents is amortised over a period of ten years on straight line method or over the period of control, whichever is earlier.

- Expenditure on Computer Software is amortised over a period of three years on straight line method.

F) INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long term investment is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

G) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

(i) Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amounts in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Contribution payable to the recommended Provident Fund is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(iii) Liabilities in respect of defined benefit plans other than provident fund schemes are determined based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as on the balance sheet date. The actuarial gains or losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

H) INVENTORY:

Raw materials, components, stores & spares, packing material & finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Work- in -Process is valued at estimated cost and scrap is valued at net realisable value. Cost of Raw Materials,components, stores & spares and packing material are at Weighted Average Cost. Cost of Finished Goods includes purchase cost/cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

I) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS :

(a) In respect of foreign exchange transaction, the transaction in foreign currency is recorded in rupees by applying the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction. Amount short or excess realised/incurred is transferred to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) All foreign currency liabilities I assets not covered by forward contracts, are restated at the rates prevailing at the year end and any exchange differences are debited I credited to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

(c) In respect of transaction covered by forward contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of transaction is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss over the period of the contract.

J) EXPORT BENEFITS:

All export benefits other than advance license benefits are accounted for on accrual basis.

K) GOVERNMENT GRANTS & SUBSIDY:

The Government Grants are treated as deferred income. The deferred income is recognised in the Statement of profit and loss on systematic and rational basis.

L) BORROWING COST:

Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

M) TAXATION:

(a) Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the taxable income for the current accounting period in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) The deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax asset arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a virtual certainity that this would be realised in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date.

N) LEASE:

Lease rental in respect of assets acquired under operating leases are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred. Lease rentals in respect of assets given under operating leases are credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

O) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists,the management estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

P) PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILTIES:

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Q) OPERATING CYCLE:

Based on the nature of products/activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non current.


Mar 31, 2012

A) BASIS OF ACCOUNTING:

The Financial Statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention and on the accounting principles of a going concern, complying with the Accounting Standards, issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, referred to in Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956.

B) REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Sales are recognised when goods are supplied and are recorded at net of Value Added Tax and trade discount and is inclusive of Excise Duty.

C) FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION:

(a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided on straight line method in accordance with the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except on items of Furniture & Fixtures capitalised at the company run retail stores which are depreciated at the rate of 50% on pro-rata basis, computer hardware @ 25% on Straight line basis and Soft Luggage Moulds & Dies @ 50%. Leasehold land is not amortised over the period of the lease.

(b) Intangible assets are identified when the assets are expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. The assets are identified in the year in which the relevant asset is put to use in the production or supply of goods or services. The assets are amortised over a period of estimated useful life as determined by the management.

- Expenditure on trademarks is amortised over a period of ten years on straight line method.

- Expenditure on patents is amortised over a period of ten years on straight line method or over the period of control, whichever is earlier.

- Expenditure on Computer Software is amortised over a period of three years on straight line method.

D) INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long term investment is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Dividends are accounted for as and when received.

E) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

(a) Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amounts in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(b) Contribution payable to the recommended Provident Fund is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Liabilities in respect of defined benefit plans other than provident fund schemes are determined based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as on the balance sheet date. The actuarial gains or losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

F) INVENTORY:

Raw materials, components, stores & spares, packing material & finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Work- in -Process is valued at estimated cost and scrap is valued at net realisable value. Cost of Raw Materials.components, stores & spares and packing material is at Weighted Average Cost. Cost of Finished Goods includes purchase cost/cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

G) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS :

(a) In respect of foreign exchange transaction, the transaction in foreign currency is recorded in rupees by applying the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction. Amount short or excess realised/ incurred is transferred to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) All foreign currency liabilities / assets not covered by forward contracts, are restated at the rates prevailing at the year end and any exchange differences are debited / credited to the Statement of Profit & Loss .

(c) In respect of transaction covered by forward contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of transaction is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss over the period of the contract.

H) EXPORT BENEFITS:

All export benefits other than advance licence benefits are accounted for on accrual basis.

I) BORROWING COST :

Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

J) TAXATION :

(a) Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the taxable income for the current accounting period in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) The deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax asset arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a virtual certainity that this would be realised in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date.

K) LEASE:

Lease rental in respect of assets acquired under operating leases are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss as as incurred. Lease rentals in respect of assets given under operating leases are credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

L) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists.the management estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

M) PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILTIES:

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.


Mar 31, 2011

BASIS OF ACCOUNTING:

The Financial Statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention and on the accounting principles of a going concern, complying with the Accounting Standards, issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, referred to in Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956.

REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Sales are recognised when goods are supplied and are recorded at net of Value Added Tax and trade discount and is inclusive of Excise Duty.

FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION:

(a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided on straight line method in accordance with the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except on items of Furniture & Fixtures capitalised at the company run retail stores which are depreciated at the rate of 50% on Straight line basis and computer hardware @ 25% on Straight line basis. Leasehold land is not amortised over the period of the lease.

(b) (b) Intangible assets are identified when the assets are expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. The assets are identified in the year in which the relevant asset is put to use in the production or supply of goods or services. The assets are amortised over a period of estimated useful life as determined by the management.

Expenditure on trademarks is amortised over a period of ten years on straight line method.

Expenditure on patents is amortised over a period of ten years on straight line method or over the period of control, whichever is earlier.

Expenditure on Computer Software is amortised over a period of three years on straight line method.

INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long term investment is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Dividends are accounted for as and when received.

EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

(i) Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amounts in the Profit and Loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Contribution payable to the recommended Provident Fund is charged to Profit and Loss account.

(iii) Liabilities in respect of defined benefit plans other than provident fund schemes are determined based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as on the balance sheet date. The actuarial gains or losses are recognised immediately in the Profit and Loss account.

INVENTORY:

Raw materials, components, stores & spares, packing material & finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Work- in -Process is valued at estimated cost and scrap is valued at net realisable value. Cost of Raw Materials,components, stores & spares and packing material is at Weighted Average Cost. Cost of Finished Goods includes purchase cost/cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS :

(a) In respect of foreign exchange transaction, the transaction in foreign currency is recorded in rupees by applying the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction. Amount short or excess realised/incurred is transferred to Profit and Loss account.

(b) All foreign currency liabilities / assets not covered by forward contracts, are restated at the rates prevailing at the year end and any exchange differences are debited / credited to the Profit & Loss Account.

(c) In respect of transaction covered by forward contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of transaction is charged to the Profit & Loss Account over the period of the contract.

EXPORT BENEFITS:

All export benefits other than advance licence benefits are accounted for on accrual basis.

BORROWING COST :

Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

TAXATION :

(a) Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the taxable income for the current accounting period in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) The deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax asset arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a virtual certainity that this would be realised in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date.

LEASE:

Lease rental in respect of assets acquired under operating leases are charged off to the Profit and Loss account as incurred. Lease rentals in respect of assets given under operating leases are credited to the Profit and Loss account.

IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists,the management estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILTIES:

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.


Mar 31, 2010

BASIS OF ACCOUNTING:

The Financial Statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention and on the accounting principles of a going concern, complying with the Accounting Standards, issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants Of India, referred to in Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956.

REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Sales are recognised when goods are supplied and are recorded at net of Value Added Tax & trade discount and is inclusive of Excise Duty.

FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION:

(a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided on straight line method in accordance with the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except on items of Furniture & Fixtures capitalised at the company run retail stores which are depreciated at the rate of 50% on pro-rata basis and computer hardware @ 25% on Straight line basis. Leasehold land is not amortised over the period of the lease.

(b) Intangible assets are identified when the assets are expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. The assets are identified in the year in which the relevant asset is put to use in the production or supply of goods or services. The assets are amortised over a period of estimated useful life as determined by the management.

- Expenditure on trademarks is amortised over a period of ten years on straight line method.

- Expenditure on patents is amortised over a period of ten years on straight line method or over the period of control, whichever is earlier.

- Expenditure on Computer Software is amortised over a period of three years on straight line method.

INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long term investment is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Dividends are accounted for as and when received.

EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

(i) Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amounts in the Profit and Loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Contribution payable to the recommended Provident Fund is charged to Profit and Loss account.

(iii) Liabilities in respect of defined benefit plans other than provident fund schemes are determined based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as on the balance sheet date. The actuarial gains or losses are recognised immediately in the Profit and Loss account.

INVENTORY:

Raw materials, components, stores & spares, packing material & finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Work- in -Process is valued at estimated cost and scrap is valued at net realisable value. Cost of Raw Materials,components, stores & spares and packing material is at Weighted Average Cost. Cost of Finished Goods includes purchase cost/cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS :

(a) In respect of foreign exchange transaction, the transaction in foreign currency is recorded in rupees by applying the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction. Amount short or excess realised/incurred is transferred to Profit and Loss account.

(b) All foreign currency liabilities / assets not covered by forward contracts, are restated at the rates prevailing at the year end and any exchange differences are debited / credited to the Profit & Loss Account.

(c) In respect of transaction covered by forward contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date ot transaction is charged to the Profit & Loss Account over the period of the contract.

EXPORT BENEFITS:

All export benefits other than advance licence benefits are accounted for on accrual basis.

BORROWING COST :

Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

TAXATION :

(a) Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the taxable income for the current accounting period in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) The deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax asset arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a virtual certainity that this would be realised in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date.

(c) Fringe Benefit Tax is determined at current applicable rates on expenses falling within the ambit of Fringe Benefit Tax as defined under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

LEASE :

Lease rental in respect of assets acquired under operating leases are charged off to the Profit and Loss account as incurred. Lease rentals in respect of assets given under operating leases are credited to the Profit and Loss account.

IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists,the management estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILTIES:

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

MISCELLANEOUS EXPENDITURE:

Expenditure on Voluntary Retirement Scheme is being charged over a period of 2 years.

 
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