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Accounting Policies of Virat Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis for preparation of Accounts:

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act"). The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.3 Inventories:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost on weighted average basis and the net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in-progress and finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

1.4 Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises its purchase price net of any trade discounts and rebates, any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the tax authorities), any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use, other incidental expenses and interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use.

1.5 Depreciation:

a) Depreciable amount for assets is the cost of an asset, or other amount substituted for cost, less its estimated residual value.

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on the straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

b) Leasehold land is amortized over the duration of lease.

1.6 Impairment:

At the end of each year, the Company determines whether a provision should be made for impairment loss on fixed assets by considering the indication that an impairment loss may have occurred in accordance with Accounting Standard 28 "Impairment of Assets". Where the recoverable

amount of any fixed assets is lower than its carrying amount in accordance with AS 28, a provision for impairment loss on fixed assets is made for the difference.

1.7 Leases:

(a) Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as a lessee, where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

(b) Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

1.8 Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost, if any, that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.9 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. Monetary Items denominated in foreign currency are restated using the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the Balance Sheet. The exchange difference between the rates prevailing on the date of transactions on the date of settlement and also on translation of Monetary items at the end of the year, is recognised as income or expense, as the case may be.

1.10 Employee Benefits:

a) Defined Contribution Plan:

Contributions under Defined Plans in the form of Provident Fund are recognised in the Statement of profit and loss in the period in which the employee has rendered the service.

b) Defined Benefit and Other Long-term Benefit Plan:

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.

c) Other Benefits:

The Company's liability towards provision for Compensated Absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the total of present value of the defined benefit obligation as reduced by unrecognised past service cost.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of profit and loss in the period of occurrence of such gains and losses. Past service cost is recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. To the extent that the benefits are already vested immediately following the introduction of or changes to a defined benefit plan, past service cost is recognised immediately.

1.11 Revenue Recognition:

Sales of goods are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Sales include excise duty but exclude sales tax and value added tax. In appropriate circumstances, revenue (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to determination or realisation exists.

1.12 Income Taxes:

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of items other than unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. However, if there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses and items relating to capital losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise the assets. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for their realisability.

Current and deferred tax relating to items directly recognised in reserves are recognised in reserves and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Tax on distributed profits payable in accordance with the provision of Income Tax Act, 1961 is disclosed in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Corporate Dividend Tax issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961 has been recognised in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

1.13 Investments:

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.14 Provisions and Contingencies:

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

1.15 Operating Cycle:

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis for preparation of Accounts:

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) ("the 1956 Act") (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13 September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs) and the relevant provisions of the 1956 Act/ 2013 Companies Act, as applicable 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.2 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

2.3 Inventories:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost on weighted average basis and the net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in-progress and finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

2.4 Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises its purchase price net of any trade discounts and rebates, any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the tax authorities), any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use, other incidental expenses and interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use.

2.5 Depreciation:

a Depreciation has been provided on the straight-line method as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. b Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

2.6 Impairment:

At the end of each year, the company determines whether a provision should be made for impairment loss on fixed assets by considering the indication that an impairment loss may have occurred in accordance with Accounting Standard 28 "Impairment of Assets". Where the recoverable amount of any fixed assets is lower than its carrying amount in accordance with AS 28, a provision for impairment loss on fixed assets is made for the difference.

2.7 Leases:

a Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as a lessee, where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

b Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

2.8 Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost, if any, that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

2.9 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. Monetary Items denominated in foreign currency are restated using the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the Balance Sheet. The exchange difference between the rates prevailing on the date of transactions on the date of settlement as also on translation of Monetary items at the end of the year, is recognised as income or expense, as the case may be.

2.10 Employee Benefits:

a Defined Contribution Plan:

Contributions under Defined Plans in the form of Provident Fund are recognised in the Statement of profit and loss in the period in which the employee has rendered the service.

b Defined Benefit and Other Long-term Benefit Plan:

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.

c Other Benefits:

The Company''s liability towards provision for Compensated Absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the total of present value of the defined benefit obligation as reduced by unrecognised past service cost. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of profit and loss in the period of occurrence of such gains and losses. Past service cost is recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. To the extent that the benefits are already vested immediately following the introduction of or changes to a defined benefit plan, past service cost is recognised immediately.

2.11 Revenue Recognition:

Sales of goods are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Sales include excise duty but exclude sales tax and value added tax. In appropriate circumstances, revenue (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to determination or realisation exists.

2.12 Income Taxes:

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid/recovered from the applicable tax rates.

Deferred income tax reflect the current period timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years/period. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future income will be available except that deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation and losses are recognised if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize the same.

Tax on distributed profits payable in accordance with the provision of Income Tax Act, 1961 is disclosed in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Corporate Dividend Tax issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961 has been recognised in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

2.13 Investments:

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

2.14 Provisions and Contingencies:

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

2.15 Operating Cycle:

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis for preparation of Accounts:

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.3 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost on weighted average basis and the net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods io the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in-progress and finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

1.4 Fixed Assets:

Fixed assetRs. are carried at cost iess accumulated depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses. iRs. any. The cost of fixed assets comprises its purchase price net of any trade discounts and rebates, any- import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the tax authorities), any directiy attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use, other incidental expenses and interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up ''c the date the asset is ready for its intended use.

1.5 Depreciation,

Depreciation has beer provided on the straight-iine method as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. b) Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

1.6 Impairment:

At the end of each year, the Company determines whether a provision should be made for impairment loss on fixed assets by considering the indication that an indication loss may have occurred in accordance with Accounting Standard 28 "Impairment of Assets". Where the recoverable amount of any fixed assets is lower than its carrying amount in accordance with AS 28, a provision for impairment loss on fixed assets is made for the difference.

1.7 Leases:

(a) Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as a lessee, where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

(b) Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

1.8 Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost, if any, that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.9 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. Monetary Items denominated in foreign currency are restated using the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the Balance Sheet. The exchange difference between the rates prevailing on the date of transactions on the date of settlement as also on translation of Monetary items at the end of the year, is recognised as income or expense, as the case may be.

1.10 Employee Benefits:

a) Defined Contribution Plan:

Contributions under Defined Plans in the form of Provident Fund are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the employee has rendered the service.

b) Defined Benefit and Other Long-term Benefit Plan:

The Company''s liability towards unfunded Defined Benefit Plan in the form of Gratuity and provision for Compensated Absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the total of present value of the defined benefit obligation as reduced by unrecognised past service cost. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the profit and loss account in the period of occurrence of such gains and losses. Past service cost is recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. To the extent that the benefits are already vested immediately following the introduction of or changes to a defined benefit plan, past service cost is recognised immediately.

1.11 Revenue Recognition:

Sales of goods are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Sales include excise duty but exclude sales tax and value added tax. In appropriate circumstances, revenue (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to determination or realisation exists.

1.12 Income Taxes:

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid/recovered from the applicable tax rates.

Deferred income tax reflect the current period timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years/period. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future income will be available except that deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation and losses are recognised if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize the same.

Tax on distributed profits payable in accordance with the provision of Income Tax Act, 1961 is disclosed in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Corporate Dividend Tax issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961 has been recognised in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

1.13 Investments:

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.14 Provisions and Contingencies:

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates; Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis for preparation of Accounts:

The accounts have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006.

1.2 Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

1.3 Fixed Assets: Fixed Assets are recorded at cost of acquisition. They are stated at historical cost or other amounts substituted for historical cost.

1.4 Depreciation: a) Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on Written Down Value basis in accordance with the provisions of section 205(2)(a) of the Companies Act, 1956 in respect of the Companies Act, 1956 in respect of the assets acquired/purchased upto March 31, 1995. b) Depreciation on assets acquired/purchased since April 1, 1995 has been provided on Straight Line Basis in accordance with the provisions of section 205(2)(b) of the Companies act, 1956. c) The depreciation under section 205(2)(a) and 205(2)(b), as stated above, has been provided at the rates specified in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 and has been provided on pro-rata basis according to the period each asset was put to use during the period. d) Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

1.5 Assets taken on Lease: Assets taken on lease under which all the risk and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease payments under operating leases are recognized as expenses on straight-line basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

1.6 Impairment: At the end of each year, the company determines whether a provision should be made for impairment loss on fixed assets by considering the indication that an indication loss may have occurred in accordance with Accounting Standard 28 "Impairment of Assets". Where the recoverable amount of any fixed assets is lower than its carrying amount in accordance with AS 28, a provision for impairment loss on fixed assets is made for the difference.

1.7 Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost, if any, that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.8 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. Monetary Items denominated in foreign currency are restated using the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the Balance Sheet. The exchange difference between the rates prevailing on the date of transactions on the date of settlement as also on translation of Monetary items at the end of the year, is recognised as income or expense, as the case may be.

1.9 Employee Benefits:

a) Defined Contribution Plan:

Contributions under Defined Plans in the form of Provident Fund are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account in the period in which the employee has rendered the service.

b) Defined Benefit and Other Long-term Benefit Plan:

The Company's liability towards unfunded Defined Benefit Plan in the form of Gratuity and provision for Compensated Absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the total of present value of the defined benefit obligation as reduced by unrecognised past service cost.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the profit and loss account in the period of occurrence of such gains and losses. Past service cost is recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. To the extent that the benefits are already vested immediately following the introduction of or changes to a defined benefit plan, past service cost is recognised immediately.

1.10 Revenue Recognition:

Revenues from sale of goods are recognised when the title to the goods is transferred on delivery of goods. In appropriate circumstances, revenue (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to determination or realisation exists.

1.11 Income Taxes:

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid/recovered from the applicable tax rates.

Deferred income tax reflect the current period timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years/period. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future income will be available except that deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation and losses are recognised if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize the same.

Tax on distributed profits payable in accordance with the provision of Income Tax Act, 1961 is disclosed in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Corporate Dividend Tax issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961 has been recognised in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

1.12 Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent Liabilities, if any, are disclosed in the notes on accounts. Provision is made in the accounts if it becomes probable that any outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation.


Mar 31, 2011

Basis for preparation of Accounts: The accounts have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules. 2006.

Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with the generally accepted accounting' principles, requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known/ materialized.

Fixed Assets: Fixed assets are recorded at cost of acquisition. They are stated at historical cost or other amounts substituted for historical cost.

Depreciation:

a) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value/straight line basis. (Refer Note 4)

b) Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

Assets taken on lease: Assets taken on lease under which all the risk and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

Impairment: At the end of each year, the Company determines whether a provision should be made for impairment loss on fixed assets by considering the indications that an impairment loss may have occurred in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS-28) "Impairment of Assets". Where the recoverable amount of any fixed assets is lower than its carrying amount in accordance with AS 28, a provision for impairment loss on fixed assets is made for the difference. Inventories:

a) Stores and Spares including Packing Material: At cost determined on weighted average basis, or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost includes incidental expenses like freight, transport expenses, etc.

b) Raw Materials: At cost determined on weighted average basis, or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Cost includes incidental expenses like freight. transport expenses, etc.

c) Work-in-progress and Finished Goods: Work-in-progress and finished goods are valued at cosl determined on absorption costing method, or net realizable value, whichever is lower. The cost comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition,

Borrowing Costs: Borrowing costs, if any. that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial' period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

Foreign Currency Transactions: Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated using the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the Balance sheet. The exchange difference between the rates prevailing on the date of transaction on the date of settlement as also on translation of Monetary items at the end of the year, is recognized as income or expense, as the case may be. Employee Benefits:

(a) Defined Contribution Plan:

Contributions under Defined Contribution Plans in the form of Provident Fund are recognised in :,ie Profit and Loss Account in the period in which the employee has rendered the service.

(b) Defined Benefit and Other Long term Benefit Plan:

The Company's Liability towards unfunded Defined Benefit Plan in the form of Gratuity and provision for Compensated Absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the total of present value of the defined benefit obligation as reduced by unrecognised past service cost. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Profit and Loss Account in the period of occurrence of such gains and losses. Past service cost is recognized as an expense on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. To the extent that the benefits are already vested immediately following the introduction of. or changes to, a defined benefit plan, past service cost is recognised immediately

Revenue Recognition: Revenues from sale of goods are recognized when the title to the goods is transferred on delivery of goods. In appropriate circumstances, revenue, (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to determination or realization exists.

Income Taxes: Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid/ recovered from the tax authorities, using the applicable tax rates. Deferred income tax reflect the current period timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years/ period. Deferred tax assets are recognised only lo the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future income will be available except that deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation and losses are recognised if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise the same. Tax on distributed profits payable in accordance with the provision of Income-tax Act, 1961 is disclosed in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Corporate Dividend Tax issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961 has been recognised in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act. 1961.

Contingent Liabilities: Contingent liabilities, if any, are disclosed in the notes on accounts. Provision is made in the accounts if it becomes probable that any outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation.


Mar 31, 2010

Basis for preparation of Accounts: The accounts have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known/materialized. Fixed Assets: Fixed assets are recorded at cost of acquisition. They are stated at historical cost or other amounts substituted for historical cost.

Depreciation:

a) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value/straight line basis. (Refer note 4)

b) Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

Assets taken on lease: Assets taken on lease under which all the risk and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

Impairment: At the end of each year, the Company determines whether a provision should be made for impairment loss on fixed assets by considering the indications that an impairment loss may have occurred in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS-28) "Impairment of Assets". Where the recoverable amount of any fixed assets is lower than its carrying amount in accordance with AS 28, a provision for impairment loss on fixed assets is made for the difference.

Inventories:

a) Stores and Spares including Packing Material: At cost determined on weighted average basis, or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost includes incidental expenses like freight, transport expenses, etc.

b) Raw Materials: At cost determined on weighted average basis, or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Cost includes incidental expenses like freight, transport expenses, etc.

c) Work-in-progress and Finished Goods: Work-in-progress and finished goods are valued at cost determined on absorption costing method, or net realizable value, whichever is lower. The cost comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition.

Borrowing Costs: Borrowing costs, if any, that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

Foreign Currency Transactions: Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated using the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the Balance sheet. The exchange difference between the rates prevailing on the date of transaction on the date of settlement as also on translation of Monetary items at the end of the year, is recognized as income or expense, as the case may be.

Employee Benefits:

(a) Defined Contribution Plan:

Contributions under Defined Contribution Plans in the form of Provident Fund are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account in the period in which the employee has rendered the service.

(b) Defined Benefit and Other Long term Benefit Plan:

The Companys Liability towards Defined Benefit Plan in the form of Gratuity and provision for Leave Encashment is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the total of present value of the defined benefit obligation as reduced by unrecognised past service cost.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Profit and Loss Account in the period of occurrence of such gains and losses. Past service cost is recognized as an expense on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. To the extent that the benefits are already vested immediately following the introduction of. or changes to, a defined benefit plan, past service cost is recognised immediately.

Revenue Recognition: Revenues from sale of goods are recognized when the title to the goods is transferred on delivery of goods. In appropriate circumstances, revenue (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to determination or realization exists.

Income Taxes: Tax expense comprises of current tax, deferred tax and fringe benefit tax. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid/recovered from the tax authorities, using the applicable tax rates.

Deferred income tax reflect the current period timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years/ period. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future income will be available except that deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation and losses are recognised if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise the same.

Fringe benefits tax is recognized in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961 and the Guidance Note on Fringe Benefits Tax issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

Tax on distributed profits payable in accordance with the provision of Income-tax Act, 1961 is disclosed in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Corporate Dividend Tax issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961 has been recognised in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961.

Contingent Liabilities: These, if any, are disclosed in the notes on accounts. Provision is made in the accounts if it becomes probable that any outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation.

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