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Visu International Ltd. Accounting Policies | Accounting Policy of Visu International Ltd.
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Accounting Policies of Visu International Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost conversion on accrual basis, except certain tangible assets which are being carried at revalued amounts. Pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act 2013 read with Rule 7 of Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014, till the standards of accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act 1956, shall continue to apply. Consequently these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 (Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ('the Act'). The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Practices requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported Assets and Liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the Financial Statements and reported amounts of Income and Expenses during the period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles.

3. Revenue Recognition

(i) Income from Domestic transaction in the form of training fee from students is recognized as and when received. As per the accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Revenue on account of tuition fee shall be recognized over the period of transaction. However considering the uncertainties about the duration of the course as well as the prolongation of the training, income is being recognized on receipt basis.

(ii) Income from Consultancy Services is recognized on receipt basis.

(iii) Trading income & Other Incomes are accounted on accrual basis.

4. Expenditure

Company's policy is to provide for all the expenditure on accrual basis. The purchase of software is recognized as revenue expenditure.

5. Investments

Investments are valued at cost or market price whichever is lower.

6. Foreign Currency Transactions Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of transaction.

7. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

8. Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items at rates difference from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial expenses in the year in which they arise.

9. Income Tax

Provision for Income Tax, comprising current tax and deferred tax, is made on the basis of the results of the year.

In Accordance with Accounting Standard 22 Accounting for Taxes on Income, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the deferred tax for timing differences between the book and the tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets arising from temporary timing differences are recognized to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in the future.

10. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

11. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported taking the indirect method, wherein net profit before tax is adjusted for the transactions of non-cash nature and others or other accruals of past or future receipts and / or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects in with the Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (IGAAP) in India under the historical cost basis. IGAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006, relevant guidelines issued by Securities Exchange Board of India, and relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956 as issued from time to time.. The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention and accrual basis and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India and the requirements of the Companies Act 1956.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Practices requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported Assets and Liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the Financial Statements and reported amounts of Income and Expenses during the period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles.

3. Revenue Recognition

(i) Income from Domestic transaction in the form of training fee from students is recognized as and when received. As per the accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Revenue on account of tuition fee shall be recognized over the period of transaction. However considering the uncertainties about the duration of the course as well as the prolongation of the training, income is being recognized on receipt basis.

(ii) Income from Consultancy Services is recognized on receipt basis.

(iii) Trading income & Other Incomes are accounted on accrual basis.

4. Expenditure

Company''s policy is to provide for all the expenditure on accrual basis. The purchase of software is recognized as revenue expenditure.

5. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. "Cost means" cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Fixed assets are capitalized as per the statement issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

6. Intangible Assets

Other Intangible Assets include the Contracts, Agreements, Technical Information and data, Trade Secrets and other intellectual property of the Company.

7. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on pro-rata basis at Straight Line Method by following the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation

on addition to fixed assets is provided on pro-rata basis from the date the assets are put to use. Depreciation on sale/deduction from fixed assets is provided for upto the date of sale, deduction, discardment as the case may be.

8. Investments

Investments are valued at cost or market price whichever is lower.

9. Foreign Currency Transactions Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items at rates difference from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial expenses in the year in which they arise.

10. Income Tax

Provision for Income Tax, comprising current tax and deferred tax, is made on the basis of the results of the year.

In Accordance with Accounting Standard 22 Accounting for Taxes on Income, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the deferred tax for timing differences between the book and the tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets arising from temporary timing differences are recognized to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in the future.

11. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

12. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported taking the indirect method, wherein net profit before tax is adjusted for the transactions of non-cash nature and others or other accruals of past or future receipts and / or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.


Mar 31, 2013

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects in with the Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (IGAAP) in India under the historical cost basis. IGAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006, relevant guidelines issued by Securities Exchange Board of India, and relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956 as issued from time to time.. The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention and accrual basis and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India and the requirements of the Companies Act 1956.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Practices requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported Assets and Liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the Financial Statements and reported amounts of Income and Expenses during the period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles.

3. Revenue Recognition

(i) Income from Domestic transaction in the form of training fee from students is recognized as and when received. As per the accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Revenue on account of tuition fee shall be recognized over the period of transaction. However considering the uncertainties about the duration of the course as well as the prolongation of the training, income is being recognized on receipt basis.

(ii) Income from Consultancy Services is recognized on receipt basis.

(iii) Trading income & Other Incomes are accounted on accrual basis.

4. Expenditure

Company''s policy is to provide for all the expenditure on accrual basis.

5. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. "Cost means" cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Fixed assets are capitalized as per the statement issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

6. Intangible Assets

Other Intangible Assets include the Contracts, Agreements, Technical Information and data, Trade Secrets and other intellectual property of the Company.

7. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on pro-rata basis at Straight Line Method by following the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on addition to fixed assets is provided on pro-rata basis from the date the assets are put to use. Depreciation on sale/deduction from fixed assets is provided for Up to the date of sale, deduction, discernment as the case may be.

8. Investments

Investments are valued at cost or market price whichever is lower.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items at rates difference from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial expenses in the year in which they arise.

10. Income Tax

Provision for Income Tax, comprising current tax and deferred tax, is made on the basis of the results of the year.

In Accordance with Accounting Standard22 Accounting for Taxes on Income, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the deferred tax for timing differences between the book and the tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets arising from temporary timing differences are recognized to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in the future.

11. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

12. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported taking the indirect method, wherein net profit before tax is adjusted for the transactions of non-cash nature and others or other accruals of past or future receipts and / or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects in with the Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (IGAAP) in India under the historical cost basis. IGAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006, relevant guidelines issued by Securities Exchange Board of India, and relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956 as issued from time to time.. The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention and accrual basis and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India and the requirements of the Companies Act 1956.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Practices requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported Assets and Liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the Financial Statements and reported amounts of Income and Expenses during the period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

3. Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles.

4. Revenue Recognition

(i) Income from Domestic transaction in the form of training fee from students is recognized as and when received. As per the accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Revenue on account of tuition fee shall be recognized over the period of transaction. However considering the uncertainties about the duration of the course as well as the prolongation of the training, income is being recognized on receipt basis.

(ii) Software Revenue is recognized on the basis of achievement of prescribed milestone as relevant to each contract or proportionate completion method as applicable.

(iii) Income from Consultancy Services is recognized on receipt basis.

(iv) Trading income & Other Incomes are accounted on accrual basis.

5. Expenditure

Company's policy is to provide for all the expenditure on accrual basis. The purchase of software is recognized as revenue expenditure.

6. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. "Cost means" cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Fixed assets are capitalized as per the statement issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

7. Intangible Assets

Other Intangible Assets include the Contracts, Agreements, Technical Information and data, Trade Secrets and other intellectual property of the Company.

8. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on pro-rata basis at Straight Line Method by following the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on addition to fixed assets is provided on pro-rata basis from the date the assets are put to use. Depreciation on sale/deduction from fixed assets is provided for upto the date of sale, deduction, discardment as the case may be.

9. Investments

Investments are valued at cost or market price whichever is lower.

10. Foreign Currency Transactions Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items at rates difference from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial expenses in the year in which they arise.

11. Income Tax

Provision for Income Tax, comprising current tax and deferred tax, is made on the basis of the results of the year.

In Accordance with Accounting Standard 22 Accounting for Taxes on Income, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the deferred tax for timing differences between the book and the tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets arising from temporary timing differences are recognized to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in the future.

12. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

13. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported taking the indirect method, wherein net profit before tax is adjusted for the transactions of non-cash nature and others or other accruals of past or future receipts and / or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.

 
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