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Union Budget 2017-18
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Accounting Policies of Vivo Bio Tech Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. General:

- These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis, exception for certain tangible assets which are being carried at revalued amounts. Pursuant to Section 133 of the Companies Act,2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rule,2014,till the standards of accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act 1956, shall continue to apply. Consequently these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under section 211(3C) of Companies Act , 1956 [Companies(Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act ,2013.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current and noncurrent as per the companies' normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalent, the company has ascertained its operating cycle to be 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

- Use of Estimates

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

2. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash comprises Cash on hand and Demand Deposits with Banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby Profit tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

3. Tangible and Intangible Assets

i) Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities), duties, freight and other directly attributable costs related to the acquisition or construction of the respective assets. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use.

ii) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any. Profit or Loss on disposal of intangible assets is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Product development Expenditure is written off over a period of 10 years. Products which are considered as redundant due to Technological advancement would be written off immediately.

iii) Capital work-in-progress

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

4. Depreciation and Amortization:

i). Effective 1st April, 2014, Company depreciates the Fixed Assets over the useful life in the manner prescribed in Schedule II of The Companies Act, 2013 as against the earlier practice of depreciating at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of The Companies Act 1956.

ii). Depreciation for additions to Fixed Assets of the Company is provided as per Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 on pro-rata basis.

iii). Individual assets acquired for less than Rs.5,000/-are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition. Leasehold improvements are written off over the lower of, the remaining primary period of lease or the life of the asset.

iv). The carrying value of Fixed Assets whose life has completed as per Schedule II of The Companies Act, 2013 is transferred to Retained earnings amounting to Rs. 18,14,592/-.

5. Revenue Recognition:

i). The company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognise income and expenditure on accrual basis

ii). Revenue is not recognised on the grounds of prudence until it is realised in respect of liquidated damages, delayed payment as recovery of liquidated amounts are not certain

6. Foreign Exchange Transactions:

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of transactions.

i) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year and are restated at year end rates.

ii) Non-monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

iii) In respect of foreign operations, which are non-integral operations ,all assets and liabilities, other monetary and non-monetary, are translated at closing rate, which all income and expenses are translated at average rate for the year. The resulting exchange differences are included in the Profit and Loss Account.

7. Investments

Investments are classified into current and long-term investments. Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Long term investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution is made if the decline in value is other than temporary in nature. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on the basis of each category of investments.

Cost of overseas investment comprises the Indian Rupee value of the consideration paid for the investment translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of investment.

8. Gratuity:

The Company has made a provision for gratuity to its employees. Gratuity is a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the gratuity plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employees' salary and the tenure of employment.

9. Related Party Disclosures :

The Company furnishes the details of Related Party Disclosures as given in Para 23 and 26 as required by AS-18.

10. Earnings per Share

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share (EPS) is computed by dividing the net Profit after tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

11. Taxes on Income

To provide Current tax as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period, measured using the applicable tax rates and tax laws.

To provide deferred tax on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income subject to consideration of prudence, measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Not to recognize Deferred tax assets on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses unless there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such assets.

12. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

The company creates the provisions where there is a present obligation as a result of past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for contingent liability will be made when there is a possible obligation or present obligation that may, but probably, will not required the outflow of resources. Where, there is a possible obligation or present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provisions or disclosures will be made.


Mar 31, 2014

A) General:

(i) The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Indian Companies Act, 1956. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use. The management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis

(ii) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles.

(iii) Use of Estimates

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

b) Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash comprises Cash on hand and Demand Deposits with Banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

c) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

d) Tangible and Intangible Assets

i) Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities), duties, freight and other directly attributable costs related to the acquisition or construction of the respective assets. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use.

ii) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any. Profit or Loss on disposal of intangible assets is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Product development Expenditure is written off over a period of 10 years. Products which are considered as redundant due to Technological advancement would be written off immediately.

iii) Depreciation and Amortization:

Depreciation is provided on straight line method on pro-rata basis and at the rates and manner specified in the Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Preliminary Expenses are amortized over the period of 10 years.

Depreciation on Technical Knowhow not created because revenues relating to the same not generated during the financial year.

e) Revenue Recognition:

(i) The company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognise income and expenditure on accrual basis.

(ii) Revenue is not recognized on the grounds of prudence, until realized in respect of liquidated damages, delayed payments as recovery of the amounts are not certain.

f) Investments

Investments are classified into current and long-term investments. Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Long term investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution is made if the decline in value is other than temporary in nature. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on the basis of each category of investments.

g) Gratuity:

The Company has made a provision for gratuity to its employees. Gratuity is a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the gratuity plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employees'' salary and the tenure of employment.

h) Earnings per Share

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share (EPS) is computed by dividing the net profit after tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

i) Taxes on Income

To provide Current tax as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period, measured using the applicable tax rates and tax laws.

To provide deferred tax on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income subject to consideration of prudence, measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Not to recognize Deferred tax assets on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses unless there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such assets.

j) Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss, if any charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a charge in the estimate of recoverable amount.

k) Leases

Lease rental in respect of operating lease arrangements are charged to expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis as per the term of the related agreement.

Other leases are operating leases, and the leased assets are not recognized on the Company''s balance sheet. Payments made under operating leases are recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease.

l) Research and development

Expenditure on internal research activities undertaken is recognized as expense in the statement of profit and loss when incurred.

m) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources.

Contingent Liabilities are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

General :

(i) These accounts are prepared on the historical cost basis and on the accounting principles of a going concern.

(ii) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles.

Revenue Recognition :

(i) The Company follows the mercantile system of Accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis.

(ii) Revenue is not recognized on the grounds of prudence, until realized in respect of liquidated damages, delayed payments as recovery of the amounts are not certain.

Fixed Assets :

(i) Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost of acquisition of fixed assets is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses thereto.

(ii) Capital Expenditure with respect to Research and Development Activities is capitalized from the date of completion and ready for use.

Depreciation and Amortization:

(i) Depreciation is provided on straight line method on pro-rata basis and at the rates and manner specified in the Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

(ii) Preliminary Expenses are amortized over the period of 10 years.

(iii) Depreciation on Technical Knowhow not created because revenues relating to the same not generated during the financial year.

Research and Development Expenses :

Costs related to internal research and development programs are expensed as incurred.

Inventories:

Inventories are valued at cost or market price whichever is lower.

Impairment:

At each balance sheet date, the Company reviews the carrying amounts of its fixed assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows expected from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre-discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of time value of money and the risks specific to the asset.

Reversal of impairment loss is recognized immediately as income in the Profit and Loss account.

Gratuity :

The Company has made provision for the gratuity to its employees as per the provisions of the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.

 
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