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Accounting Policies of VXL Instruments Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1 Corporate Information

VXL Instruments Limited is a Public Limited Company listed in Mumbai Stock exchange. The Company is engaged in the business of manufacture and sale of data processing units

i) Basis of preparation

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention under accrual basis except for land which is carried at re-valued amounts. Indian GAAP comprises of mandatory accounting standards prescribed under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (Act) read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, the provisions of the Act (to the extent notified) and guidelines issued by the Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of the previous year except for depreciation which has been computed under Straight Line Method (SLM) instead of Written Down Value Method (WDV).

ii) Uses of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires that the management of the Company make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses for the period, the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as on the date of the Balance Sheet. Differences, if any, between the actual results and estimates is recognized in the period in which the results are known.

iii) Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods and rendering of services is recognized when risk and reward of ownership have been transferred to the customer. Revenue from sales is net of returns and discounts. Revenue from support and other services arising is recognized as the related services are performed. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive is established. Interest Income is recognized on a time proportionate basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iv) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurements are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the Accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

v) Post-sales client support and warranties

Warranties are recognised as and when claims are lodged by customers, to the extent agreed to by the Company.

vi) Tangible assets and capital work-in-progress

Tangible assets are stated in the accounts at historical cost together with all costs directly attributable to their acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment if any. Land has been stated at re- valued cost.

Capital work in progress comprises of the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date.

vii) Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment if any.

Revenue expenditure on product development is treated as an Intangible asset, grouped under fixed assets and amortized over the estimated period of life. An intangible asset is derecognised (eliminated from the balance sheet) on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use and subsequent disposal.

viii) Depreciation and Amortisation

Effective 1st April 2014, the Company depreciates its fixed assets over the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013 as against the earlier practice. Depreciation for fixed assets purchased / sold during the period is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortised over their respective individual estimated useful life on straight line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available to the Company for its use.

ix) Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of Company's assets. If any indication exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value, based on appropriate discounting factor. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation as if there was no impairment.

x) Retirement benefits to employees Post employment benefit plans:

Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognized as an expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions. For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortized on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

Short term Employee Benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave.

xi) Foreign Currency Transactions

In respect of foreign currency transactions during the year, the same have been accounted at the exchange rate prevailing as on the date of transaction. In respect of current assets and current liabilities at the close of the accounting year, gains/losses arising out of translations at year end exchange rates are dealt with in the Profit & Loss Account.

xii) Income Taxes

Provision for Current Income Tax is made in the books of account based on taxable income computed as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences on account of differences between accounting income and taxable income arising in one period and capable of adjustment in subsequent period(s). In respect of deferred tax asset, the same is recognised in the books of account if there is certainty of availability of future taxable income against which the same can be set off. This asset will be reviewed at each balance sheet date to verify adjustment thereof.

xiii) Earnings per share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company's earnings per share comprise of the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing the basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of shares, if any, which would have been issued on the conversion of dilutive potential equity shares.

xiv) Investments

Non current investments are valued at cost less provision, if any, for permanent diminution in value. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

xv) Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and estimated net realisable value. Cost is determined on FIFO basis. Provision has been made in the accounts for damaged, obsolete and slow moving items.

xvi) Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise of cash and cash on deposit with banks.

xvii) Cash Flow Statement

Cash Flows are reported using the indirect method. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

xviii) Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incident to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis.

xix) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such asset. A qualifying asset is one that takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use or sale. All other Borrowing Costs are charged to revenue.

xx) Segment Reporting

Revenue, operating results, assets and liabilities has been identified to represent separate segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses which are not allocable to separate segment on a reasonable basis, are included under "Un- allocated".


Mar 31, 2014

A. Corporate Information

VXL Instruments Limited is a Public Limited Company listed in Bombay Stock Exchange. The Company is engaged in the business of manufacture and sale of data processing units

b. Basis of preparation

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standard ) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis and under the historical cost convention except for land which are carried at revalued amounts. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of the previous year.

c. Uses of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires that the management of the Company make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses for the period, the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as on the date of the Balance Sheet. Differences, if any, between the actual results and estimates is recognized in the period in which the results are known.

d. Fixed assets

Fixed assets are disclosed in the accounts at historical cost together with all costs directly attributable to their acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Land has been stated at revalued cost.

e. Depreciation:

Depreciation is computed on the written-down value of assets and provided at the rates mentioned in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. In the case of additions/deletions, pro-rata depreciation is provided from the date of additions / up till the date of disposal. In respect of assets with cost not exceeding Rs.5,000/- depreciation at the rate of 100% is provided for the whole year.

f. Leases:

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incident to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis.

g. Impairment of Assets:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of Company''s assets. If any indication exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value, based on appropriate discounting factor. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation as if there was no impairment.

h. Investments

Non current investments are valued at cost less provision, if any, for permanent diminution in value. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

i. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at FIFO and estimated net realisable value. Provision has been made in the accounts for damaged, obsolete and slow moving items.

j. Employee Benefits:

Post employment benefit plans:

Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognized as an expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions. For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortized on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

Short term Employee Benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave.

k. Foreign currency transactions:

In respect of foreign currency transactions during the year, the same have been accounted at the exchange rate prevailing as on the date of transaction. In respect of current assets and current liabilities at the close of the accounting year, gains/losses arising out of translations at year end exchange rates are dealt within the Profit & Loss Account.

l. Intangible assets:

Revenue expenditure on product development is treated as an Intangible asset, grouped under fixed assets and amortized over the estimated period of life. An intangible asset is derecognised (eliminated from the balance sheet) on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use and subsequent disposal.

m. Income Tax:

Provision for Current Income Tax is made in the books of account based on taxable income computed as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences on account of differences between accounting income and taxable income arising in one period and capable of adjustment in subsequent period(s). In respect of deferred tax asset, the same is recognised in the books of account if there is certainty of availability of future taxable income against which the same can be set off. This asset will be reviewed at each balance sheet date to verify adjustment thereof.

n. Warranties:

Warranties are recognised as and when claims are lodged by customers, to the extent agreed to by the Company.

o. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such asset. A qualifying asset is one that takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use or sale. All other Borrowing Costs are charged to revenue.

p. Earning Per Share:

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share comprise of the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing the basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of shares, if any, which would have been issued on the conversion of dilutive potential equity shares.

q. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurements are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the Accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

r. Segment Reporting:

Revenue, operating results, assets and liabilities have been identified to represent separate segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses which are not allocable to separate segment on a reasonable basis, are included under "Un- allocated".


Mar 31, 2013

A. Corporate Information

VXL Instruments Limited is a Public Limited Company listed in Bombay Stock exchange Limited. The Company is engaged in the business of manufacture and sale of data processing units.

b. Basis of preparation

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standard ) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis and under the historical cost convention except for land which are carried at revalued amounts. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of the previous year.

c. Uses of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires that the management of the Company make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses for the period, the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as on the date of the Balance Sheet. Differences, if any, between the actual results and estimates is recognized in the period in which the results are known.

d. Fixed assets

Fixed assets are disclosed in the accounts at historical cost together with all costs directly attributable to their acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Land has been stated at revalued cost.

e. Depreciation:

Depreciation is computed on the written-down value of assets and provided at the rates mentioned in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. In the case of additions/deletions, pro-rata depreciation is provided from the date of additions / up till the date of disposal. In respect of assets with cost not exceeding Rs.5,000/- depreciation at the rate of 100% is provided for the whole year.

f. Leases:

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incident to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis.

g. Impairment of Assets:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date, if there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of Company''s assets. If any indication exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value, based on appropriate discounting factor. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation as if there was no impairment.

h. Investments

Non current investments are valued at cost less provision, if any, for permanent diminution in value. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

i. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at First in First Out (FIFO) method and estimated net realisable value. Provision has been made in the accounts for damaged, obsolete and slow moving items.

j. Employee Benefits:

Post employment benefit plans:

Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognized as an expense when

employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions. For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortized on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

Short term Employee Benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave.

k. Foreign currency transactions:

In respect of foreign currency transactions during the year, the same have been accounted at the exchange rate prevailing as on the date of transaction. In respect of current assets and current liabilities at the close of the accounting year, gains/losses arising out of translations at year end exchange rates are dealt with in the Profit & Loss Account.

l. Intangible assets

Revenue expenditure on product development is treated as an Intangible asset, grouped under fixed assets and amortized over the estimated period of life. An intangible asset is derecognised (eliminated from the balance sheet) on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use and subsequent disposal.

m. Income Tax

Provision for Current Income Tax is made in the books of account based on taxable income computed as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences on account of differences between accounting income and taxable income arising in one period and capable of adjustment in subsequent period(s). In respect of deferred tax asset, the same is recognised in the books of account if there is certainty of availability of future taxable income against which the same can be set off. This asset will be reviewed at each balance sheet date to verify adjustment thereof.

n. Warranties

Warranties are recognised as and when claims are lodged by customers, to the extent agreed to by the Company.

o. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such asset. A qualifying asset is one that takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use or sale. All other Borrowing Costs are charged to revenue.

p. Earning Per Share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share comprise of the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing the basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of shares, if any, which would have been issued on the conversion of dilutive potential equity shares.

q. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurements are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the Accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

r. Segment Reporting

Revenue, operating results, assets and liabilities have been identified to represent separate segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses which are not allocable to separate segment on a reasonable basis, are included under "Un-allocated".


Mar 31, 2012

A. Corporate Information:

VXL Instruments Limited is a Public Limited Company listed in Mumbai Stock exchange. The Company is engaged in the business of manufacture and sale of data processing units

b. Basis of preparation:

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standard ) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis and under the historical cost convention except for land which are carried at revalued amounts. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of the previous year.

c. Uses of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires that the management of the Company makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses for the period, the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as on the date of the Balance Sheet. Differences, if any, between the actual results and estimates is recognized in the period in which the results are known.

d. Fixed assets:

Fixed assets are disclosed in the accounts at historical cost together with all costs directly attributable to their acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Land has been stated at revalued cost.

e. Depreciation:

Depreciation is computed on the written-down value of assets and provided at the rates mentioned in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. In the case of additions/deletions, pro-rata depreciation is provided from the date of additions / up till the date of disposal. In respect of assets with cost not exceeding Rs.5,000/- depreciation at the rate of 100% is provided for the whole year.

f. Leases:

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incident to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis.

g. Impairment of Assets:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of Company's assets. If any indication exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value, based on appropriate discounting factor. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation as if there was no impairment.

h. Investments:

Non current investments are valued at cost less provision, if any, for permanent diminution in value. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

i. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at lower of cost (weighted average) and estimated net realisable value. Provision has been made in the accounts for damaged, obsolete and slow moving items.

j. Employee Benefits:

1. Post employment benefit plans:

Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognized as an expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions. For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortized on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

2. Short term Employee Benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave.

k. Foreign currency transactions:

In respect of foreign currency transactions during the year, the same have been accounted at the exchange rate prevailing as on the date of transaction. In respect of current assets and current liabilities at the close of the accounting year, gains/losses arising out of translations at year end exchange rates are dealt with in the Profit & Loss Account.

l. Intangible assets:

Revenue expenditure on product development is treated as an Intangible asset, grouped under fixed assets and amortized over the estimated period of life. An intangible asset is derecognised (eliminated from the balance sheet) on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use and subsequent disposal.

m. Income Tax:

Provision for Current Income Tax is made in the books of account based on taxable income computed as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences on account of differences between accounting income and taxable income arising in one period and capable of adjustment in subsequent period(s). In respect of deferred tax asset, the same is recognised in the books of account if there is certainty of availability of future taxable income against which the same can be set off. This asset will be reviewed at each balance sheet date to verify adjustment thereof.

n. Warranties:

Warranties are recognised as and when claims are lodged by customers, to the extent agreed to by the Company.

o. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such asset. A qualifying asset is one that takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use or sale. All other Borrowing Costs are charged to revenue.

p. Earning Per Share:

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company's earnings per share comprise of the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing the basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of shares, if any, which would have been issued on the conversion of dilutive potential equity shares.

q. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurements are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the Accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

r. Segment Reporting:

Revenue, operating results, assets and liabilities has been identified to represent separate segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses which are not allocable to separate segment on a reasonable basis, are included under "Un-allocated".


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of Preparation: The accounts have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis following generally accepted accounting principles in India (GAAP) and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 to the extent applicable.

2. Uses of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires that the management of the Company make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses for the period, the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as on the date of the Balance Sheet. Differences, if any, between the actual results and estimates is recognized in the period in which the results are known.

3. Fixed assets: Fixed assets (except land which has been revalued as in Sl. No. B. 4) are disclosed in the accounts at historical cost together with all costs directly attributable to their acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Land has been stated at revalued cost.

4. Depreciation: Depreciation is computed on the written-down value of assets and provided at the rates mentioned in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. In the case of additions/deletions, pro-rata depreciation is provided from the date of additions / up till the date of disposal. In respect of assets with cost not exceeding Rs.5,000/- depreciation at the rate of 100% is provided for the whole year.

5. Leases: Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incident to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis.

6. Impairment of Assets: The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of Company's assets. If any indication exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value, based on appropriate discounting factor. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation as if there was no impairment.

7. Investments : Long term investments are valued at cost less provision, if any, for permanent diminution in value. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

8. Inventories: Inventories are valued at lower of cost (weighted average) and estimated net realisable value. Provision has been made in the accounts for damaged, obsolete and slow moving items.

9. Employee Benefits:

a. Post employment benefit plans:

Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognized as an expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions. For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortized on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

b. Short term Employee Benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave.

10. Foreign currency transactions: In respect of foreign currency transactions during the year, the same have been accounted at the exchange rate prevailing as on the date of transaction. In respect of current assets and current liabilities at the close of the accounting year, gains/losses arising out of translations at year end exchange rates are dealt with in the Profit & Loss Account.

11. Deferred Revenue Expenditure / Intangible assets

Revenue expenditure on product development is treated as an Intangible asset, grouped under fixed assets and amortized over the estimated period of life. An intangible asset is derecognised (eliminated from the balance sheet) on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use and subsequent disposal.

12. Income Tax

Provision for Current Income Tax is made in the books of account based on taxable income computed as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences on account of differences between accounting income and taxable income arising in one period and capable of adjustment in subsequent period(s). In respect of deferred tax asset, the same is recognised in the books of account if there is certainty of availability of future taxable income against which the same can be set off. This asset will be reviewed at each balance sheet date to verify adjustment thereof.

13. Warranties

Warranties are recognised as and when claims are lodged by customers, to the extent agreed to by the Company.

14. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such asset. A qualifying asset is one that takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use or sale. All other Borrowing Costs are charged to revenue.

15. Earning Per Share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company's earnings per share comprise of the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing the basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of shares, if any, which would have been issued on the conversion of dilutive potential equity shares.

16. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurements are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the Accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

17. Segment Reporting

Revenue, operating results, assets and liabilities have been identified to represent separate segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses which are not allocable to separate segment on a reasonable basis, are included under “Un-allocated”.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of Preparation: The accounts have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis following generally accepted accounting principles in India (GAAP) and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 to the extent applicable.

2. Uses of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenditure during the year.

3. Fixed assets: Fixed assets are disclosed in the accounts at historical cost (except land which has been revalued as in Sl. No. B. 3) together with all costs directly attributable to their acquisition less accumulated depreciation.

4. Depreciation: Depreciation is computed on the written-down value of assets and provided at the rates mentioned in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. In the case of additions/deletions, pro-rata depreciation is provided from the date of additions/up till the date of disposal. In respect of assets with cost not exceeding Rs.5,000/- depreciation at the rate of 100% is provided for the whole year.

5. Leases: Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incident to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor, are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis.

6. Impairment of Assets: The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of Company’s assets. If any indication exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value, based on appropriate discounting factor. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation as if there was no impairment.

7. Investments : Long term investments are valued at cost less provision, if any, for permanent diminution in value. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

8. Inventories: Inventories are valued at lower of cost (weighted average) and estimated net realisable value. Adequate provision has been made in the accounts for damaged, obsolete and slow moving items.

9. Employee Benefits:

a. Post employment benefit plans:

Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognized as an expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions. For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortized on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

b. Short term Employee Benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave.

10. Foreign currency transactions: In respect of foreign currency transactions during the year, the same have been accounted at the exchange rate prevailing as on the date of transaction. In respect of current assets and current liabilities at the close of the accounting year, gains/losses arising out of translations at year end exchange rates are dealt with in the Profit & Loss Account.

11. Deferred Revenue Expenditure / Intangible assets

Revenue expenditure on product development is treated as an Intangible asset, grouped under fixed assets and amortized over the period of life.

12. Income Tax

Provision for Current Income Tax is made in the books of account based on taxable income computed as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences on account of differences between accounting income and taxable income arising in one period and capable of adjustment in subsequent period(s).

In respect of deferred tax asset, the same is recognised in the books of account if there is certainty of availability of future taxable income against which the same can be set off. This asset will be reviewed at each balance sheet date to verify adjustment thereof.

Fringe Benefit Tax is provided on the value of fringe benefits provided / deemed to be provided to employees

13. Warranties

Warranties are recognised as and when claims are lodged by customers, to the extent agreed to by the Company.

14. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such asset. A qualifying asset is one that takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use or sale. All other Borrowing Costs are charged to revenue.

15. Earning Per Share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Companys earnings per share comprise of the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing the basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of shares, if any, which would have been issued on the conversion of dilutive potential equity shares.

16. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurements are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the Accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

17. Segment Reporting

Revenue, operating results, assets and liabilities have been identified to represent separate segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses which are not allocable to separate segment on a reasonable basis, are included under "Un- allocated".

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