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Accounting Policies of Whirlpool of India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Change in accounting policy Depreciation on fixed assets

Till the year ended 31 March 2014, Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, prescribed requirements concerning depreciation of fixed assets. From the current year, Schedule XIV has been replaced by Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. The applicability of Schedule II has resulted in the following changes related to depreciation of fixed assets. Unless stated otherwise, the impact mentioned for the current year is likely to hold good for future years also.

(a) Useful lives/ depreciation rates

Till the year ended 31 March 2014, depreciation rates prescribed under Schedule XIV were treated as minimum rates and the company was not allowed to charge depreciation at lower rates even if such lower rates were justified by the estimated useful life of the asset. Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 prescribes useful lives for fixed assets which, in many cases, are different from lives prescribed under the erstwhile Schedule XIV. However, Schedule II allows companies to use higher/ lower useful lives and residual values if such useful lives and residual values can be technically supported and justification for difference is disclosed in the financial statements.

Considering the applicability of Schedule II, the management has re-estimated useful lives and residual values of all its fixed assets. The management believes that depreciation rates currently used fairly reflect its estimate of the useful lives and residual values of fixed assets, though these rates in certain cases are different from lives prescribed under Schedule II. Hence, this change in accounting policy have material impact on financial statements of the company and the same been disclosed in the financial statements. (Refer Note 33).

(b) Accounting for additional depreciation on account of revaluation of assets

Till year ended 31 March 2014, the Guidance Note on Treatment of Reserve Created on Revaluation of Fixed Assets issued by the ICAI allowed companies to transfer an amount equivalent to the additional depreciation arising due to upward revaluation of fixed assets from revaluation reserve to the statement of profit and loss. Accordingly, the Company was transferring an amount equivalent to additional depreciation arising due to upward revaluation of building from revaluation reserve to the statement of profit and loss. In contrast, Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 applicable from the current year, states that depreciable amount of an asset is the cost of an asset or other amount substituted for cost. Hence, in case of revalued assets, depreciation computed on the revalued amount needs to be charged to the statement of profit and loss, without any recoupment from revaluation reserve. Consequently, to comply with the Schedule II requirement, the company has discontinued the practice of recouping the impact of additional depreciation from revaluation reserve. The management has decided to apply the revised accounting policy prospectively from accounting periods commencing on or after 1 April 2014.

Had the company continued its earlier policy of recouping the additional depreciation arising due to upward revaluation of fixed assets from revaluation assets, profits for the current year would have been higher by Rs.39.62 lacs. However, the change in accounting policy did not have any impact on reserves and surplus as at 31 March 2015.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainties about these estimates and assumption could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities in the future periods.

c. Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets, except land (leasehold and freehold), building and plant & machinery of Faridabad Refrigeration division, are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs, if capitalization criteria are met, and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Land (leasehold and freehold), building and plant & machinery of Faridabad Refrigeration division are measured at fair value less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any, recognised after the date of revaluation. In case of revaluation of fixed assets, any revaluation surplus is credited to the revaluation reserve, except to the extent that it reverses a revaluation decrease of the same asset previously recognized in the statement of profit and loss, in which case the increase is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. A revaluation deficit is recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except to the extent that it offsets an existing surplus on the same asset recognized in the asset revaluation reserve.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

d. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives estimated by the management. The Company has used the following useful lives (in years) to provide depreciation on its fixed assets.

Type of Asset Useful lives estimated by the Management (years)

Factory buildings 30

Other than factory buildings 60 (RCC Frame Structure)

Plant and Machinery 15

Moulds and tools (included in 6 Plant and Machinery)

Office equipment's 5

Computers (including servers) 3

Furniture and Fixtures 10

Vehicles 8

Premium on leasehold land is amortised over the period of the lease and depreciation on leasehold improvement, which includes temporary structures, is provided over the unexpired period of lease or estimated useful life, whichever is lower.

Above lives have been estimated by management considering single shift usage. Whenever an asset is used for additional shifts, extra Shift Depreciation is charged as per the method prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

The management has estimated, supported by independent assessment by professionals, the useful lives of the Mould and tools (included in Plant and Machinery) as 6 years. This life is lower than those indicated in schedule II.

Considering the proprietary nature of assets and historical data, the management has estimated the salvage value of the assets to be nil for the purpose of computing depreciation.

e. Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated useful economic life. The following are the acquired intangible assets:

Software

Cost of software is amortized over its useful life of 60 months starting from the month of project implementation.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

f. Government Grants

Grants are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and conditions attached to them are complied with.

Grant received against specific asset are adjusted from the gross value of the asset. Where the grant received equals the whole, or virtually the whole, of the cost of the asset, the asset is shown at a nominal value.

g. Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the inception of the lease term at the lower of the fair value of the leased item and present value of the minimum lease payments and are disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charged directly against income. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized.

A leased asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the useful life of the asset. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, the capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

h. Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

The Company assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset's recoverable amount. An asset's recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's or cash-generating unit's (CGU) net selling price and its value in use. The recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining net selling price, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used.

The Company bases its impairment calculation on detailed budgets and forecast calculations which are prepared separately for each of the Company's cash-generating units to which the individual assets are allocated. These budgets and forecast calculations are generally covering a period of five years. For longer periods, a long term growth rate is calculated and applied to project future cash flows after the fifth year.

Impairment losses including impairment on inventories, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

An assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognized impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the Company estimates the asset's or cash-generating unit's recoverable amount. A previously recognized impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset's recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized. The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the asset does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognized in the statement of profit and loss unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase.

i. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw Materials, Components, At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Stores and Spares Value

Work-in-Progress At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

Finished Goods-Manufactured At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

Finished Goods-Traded At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

Spares for Finished Goods At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

"Cost" of Raw Materials, Components, Stores and Spares, Finished Goods-Traded and Spares for Finished Goods are determined on a weighted average basis.

"Cost" of Finished Goods-Manufactured and Work-in-Progress includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty, wherever applicable. Cost is determined on a "weighted average basis".

Materials and other items held for use in the production of finished goods are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

j. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria must also be met before revenue is recognized:

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

Income from services

Revenue from services provided to various parties in terms of agreements with them is recognised on accrual basis. Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered. The Company collects service tax on behalf of the government and, therefore, it is not an economic benefit flowing to the Company. Hence, it is excluded from revenue.

Interest

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.

k. Foreign currency translation

Foreign currency transactions and balances

i. Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, translated using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

iii. Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward Exchange Contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risk of an existing asset/ liability

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/ income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts, except the contracts which are long-term foreign currency monetary items, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or as expense for the year.

l. Retirement and other employee benefits

a. Provident Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme. The company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund. The company recognises contribution payable to the provident scheme as an expenditure, when an employee renders the related service.

b. Superannuation Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Superannuation Fund is a defined contribution scheme. The company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund. The company recognises contribution payable to the provident scheme as an expenditure, when an employee renders the related service. The Company has arrangement with Insurance Company to administer its superannuation scheme.

c. Gratuity

Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit (PUC) method made at the end of each financial year. The Company has created an approved Gratuity Fund, which has taken a group gratuity cum insurance policy with an Insurance company to cover the gratuity liability of the employees and premium paid to such insurance company is charged to the statement of profit and loss. At the end of each accounting year, difference between obligation as per actuarial valuation and the fair value of plan asset is further provided for and any excess amount in plan assets over obligation is recognised as a loans and advances recoverable.

d. Welfare Schemes:

i. The Company has provided liability in respect of other Retirement Benefit Schemes offered to the employees of the Faridabad Refrigeration Operations on the basis of year end actuarial valuation. This is an unfunded defined benefit scheme.

ii. The Company has taken life insurance cover from Insurance Companies for its blue collar employees at Faridabad Refrigeration Operations and for all white collar employees of the Company. The premium is charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis. This is a defined contribution plan and there is no other obligation other than the contributions payable to Insurance Companies.

iii. The Company has provided for liability in respect of its scheme for Long Term Service Award for its employees at the Faridabad Refrigeration Operations and Puducherry Washers Operations on the basis of year end actuarial valuation. This is an unfunded defined benefit scheme.

e. Compensated absences:

The Company treats accumulated leave to be carried forward beyond twelve months as long term employee benefit for measurement purposes, such long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation which is done as per projected unit credit method at year end. The Company presents the leave as current liability in the balance sheet to the extent it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement beyond twelve months from the reporting date.

f. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the statement of profit and loss and are not deferred.

m. Income taxes

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each reporting date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The Company writes -down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

n. Segment reporting

Identification of segments

The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Segment accounting policies

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

o. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

p. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

q. Warranty provisions

Provisions in respect of warranties including extended warranties are accrued and provided on the basis of valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at the year end.

r. Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements..

s. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the date of the financial statements. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Uncertainties about these estimates and assumption could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities in the future periods.

b. Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets, except land (leasehold and freehold), building and plant & machinery of Faridabad Refrigeration division, are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs, if capitalization criteria are met, and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Land (leasehold and freehold), building and plant & machinery of Faridabad Refrigeration division are measured at fair value less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any, recognised after the date of revaluation. In case of revaluation of above assets, any revaluation surplus is credited to revaluation reserve.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

c. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided prorata from the date of addition using the Straight Line Method at the rates based upon useful life of assets estimated by management, which are greater than or equal to the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Premium on Leasehold Land is amortised over the period of the lease and depreciation on leasehold improvement, which includes temporary structures, is provided over the unexpired period of lease or estimated useful life, whichever is lower. Extra Shift Depreciation is charged at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

In respect of revalued assets, the difference between the depreciation calculated on the revalued amount and original cost is recouped from the Revaluation Reserve Account.

d. Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated useful economic life. The following are the acquired intangible assets:

Software

Cost of software is amortized over its useful life of 60 months starting from the month of project implementation.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

e. Grant

Grants are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and conditions attached to them are complied with.

Grant received against specific asset is shown as a deduction from its gross value. Where the grant received equals the whole, or virtually the whole, of the cost of the asset, the asset is shown at a nominal value.

f. Research and development

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is carried forward when its future recoverability can reasonably be regarded as assured. Any expenditure carried forward is amortised over the period of expected future sales from the related project, not exceeding five years.

The carrying value of development costs is reviewed for impairment annually when the asset is not yet in use and otherwise when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

g. Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the inception of the lease term at the lower of the fair value of the leased item and present value of the minimum lease payments and are disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charged directly against income. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized.

A leased asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the useful life of the asset or the useful life envisaged in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is lower. If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

h. Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

The Company assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset''s recoverable amount. An asset''s recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or cash-generating unit''s (CGU) net selling price and its value in use. The recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining net selling price, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used.

The Company bases its impairment calculation on detailed budgets and forecast calculations which are prepared separately for each of the Company''s cash-generating units to which the individual assets are allocated. These budgets and forecast calculations are generally covering a period of five years. For longer periods, a long term growth rate is calculated and applied to project future cash flows after the fifth year.

Impairment losses including impairment on inventories, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

An assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognized impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the Company estimates the asset''s or cash-generating unit''s recoverable amount. A previously recognized impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset''s recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized. The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the asset does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognized in the statement of profit and loss unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase.

i. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

"Cost" of Raw Materials, Components, Stores and Spares, Finished Goods-Traded and Spares for Finished Goods has been arrived at by using the "weighted moving average" cost formula.

"Cost" of Finished Goods-Manufactured and Work-in-Progress includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty, wherever applicable. Cost is determined on a "weighted average basis".

Materials and other items held for use in the production of finished goods are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

j. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria must also be met before revenue is recognized:

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects Central sales tax and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

Income from services

Revenue from services provided to various parties in terms of agreements with them is recognised on accrual basis. Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered. The Company collects service tax on behalf of the government and, therefore, it is not an economic benefit flowing to the Company. Hence, it is excluded from revenue.

Interest

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.

k. Foreign currency translation

i. Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non- monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

iii. Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/ income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts, except the contracts which are long-term foreign currency monetary items, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or as expense for the year.

l. Retirement and other employee benefits

a. Provident Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme. The company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund. The company recognises contribution payable to the provident scheme as an expenditure, when an employee renders the related service.

b. Superannuation Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Superannuation Fund is a defined contribution scheme. The company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund. The company recognises contribution payable to the provident scheme as an expenditure, when an employee renders the related service.The Company has arrangement with Insurance Company to administer its superannuation scheme.

c. Gratuity

Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit (PUC) method made at the end of each financial year. The Company has created an approved Gratuity Fund, which has taken a group gratuity cum insurance policy with an Insurance company to cover the gratuity liability of the employees and premium paid to such insurance company is charged to the statement of profit and loss. At the end of each accounting year, difference between obligation as per actuarial valuation and the fair value of plan asset is further provided for and any excess amount in plan assets over obligation is recognised as loans and advances recoverable.

d. Welfare Schemes:

i. The Company has provided liability in respect of other Retirement Benefit Schemes offered to the employees of the Faridabad Refrigeration Operations on the basis of year end actuarial valuation. This is an unfunded defined benefit scheme.

ii. The Company has taken life insurance cover from Insurance Companies for its blue collar employees at Faridabad Refrigeration Operations and for all white collar employees of the Company. The premium is charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis. This is a defined contribution plan and there is no other obligation other than the contributions payable to Insurance Companies.

iii. The Company has provided for liability in respect of its scheme for Long Term Service Award for its employees at the Faridabad Refrigeration Operations and Puducherry Washers Operations on the basis of year end actuarial valuation. This is an unfunded defined benefit scheme.

e. Compensated absences:

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation. These are valued at cost to Company basis without considering any discounting and salary increase. The company treats accumulated leave to be carried forward beyond twelve months as long term employee benefit for measurement purposes, such long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation which is done as per projected unit credit method at year end. The company presents the leave as current liability in the balance sheet to the extent it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement beyond twelve months from the reporting date.

f. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the Statement of profit and loss and are not deferred.

m. Income taxes

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each reporting date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write- down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

n. Segment reporting

Identifcation of segments

The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Segment accounting policies

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

o. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

p. Customs & Excise duty

Excise Duty on finished goods stock lying at the factory is accounted at the point of manufacture. Custom Duty on imported material lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of bonding of materials.

q. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

r. Service under warranty/ extended warranty

Provisions in respect of warranties including extended warranties are accrued and provided on the basis of valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at the year end.

s. Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

t. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the date of the financial statements. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Uncertainties about these estimates and assumption could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities in the future periods.

b. Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets, except land (leasehold and freehold), building and plant & machinery of Faridabad refrigeration division, are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs, if capitalization criteria are met, and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Land (leasehold and freehold), building and plant & machinery of Faridabad refrigeration division are measured at fair value less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any, recognised after the date of revaluation. In case of revaluation of above assets, any revaluation surplus is credited to revaluation reserve.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

c. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided prorata from the date of addition using the Straight Line Method at the rates based upon useful life of assets estimated by management, which are greater than or equal to the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation rates arrived at after assessing the economic useful life of various categories of assets are as follows:

Premium on Leasehold Land is amortised over the period of the lease and depreciation on leasehold improvement, which includes temporary structures, is provided over the unexpired period of lease or estimated useful life, whichever is lower. Extra Shift Depreciation is charged at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

In respect of revalued assets, the difference between the depreciation calculated on the revalued amount and original cost is recouped from the Revaluation Reserve Account.

d. Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over the estimated useful economic life. The following are the acquired intangible assets:

Software

Cost of software is amortized over its useful life of 60 months starting from the month of project implementation. Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

e. Grant

Grants are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and conditions attached to them are complied with.

Grant received against specific asset is shown as a deduction from its gross value. Where the grant received equals the whole, or virtually the whole, of the cost of the asset, the asset is shown at a nominal value.

f. Research and development

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is carried forward when its future recoverability can reasonably be regarded as assured. Any expenditure carried forward is amortised over the period of expected future sales from the related project, not exceeding five years.

The carrying value of development costs is reviewed for impairment annually when the asset is not yet in use and otherwise when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

g. Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charged directly against income. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized.

A leased asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the useful life of the asset or the useful life envisaged in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is lower. If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

h. Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

The Company assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset''s recoverable amount. An asset''s recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or cash-generating unit''s (CGU) net selling price and its value in use. The recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining net selling price, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used.

The Company bases its impairment calculation on detailed budgets and forecast calculations which are prepared separately for each of the Company''s cash-generating units to which the individual assets are allocated. These budgets and forecast calculations are generally covering a period of five years. For longer periods, a long term growth rate is calculated and applied to project future cash flows after the fifth year.

Impairment losses including impairment on inventories, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life. An assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognized impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the Company estimates the asset''s or cash- generating unit''s recoverable amount. A previously recognized impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset''s recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized. The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the asset does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognized in the statement of profit and loss unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase. i. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw Materials, Components, Stores and Consumables At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value Work-in-Progress At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

Finished Goods-Manufactured At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

Finished Goods-Traded At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

Spares for Finished Goods At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

"Cost" of Raw Materials, Components, Stores and Consumables, Finished Goods-Traded and Spares for Finished Goods has been arrived at by using the "weighted moving average" cost formula.

"Cost" of Finished Goods-Manufactured and Work-in-Progress includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty, wherever applicable. Cost is determined on a "weighted average basis".

Materials and other items held for use in the production of finished goods are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

j. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria must also be met before revenue is recognized: Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects Central sales tax and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

Income from services

Revenue from services provided to various parties in terms of agreements with them is recognised on accrual basis. Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered. The Company collects service tax on behalf of the government and, therefore, it is not an economic benefit flowing to the Company. Hence, it is excluded from revenue.

Interest

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.

k. Foreign currency translation

i. Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

iii. Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/ income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts, except the contracts which are long-term foreign currency monetary items, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or as expense for the year. l. Retirement and other employee benefits

a. Provident Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the statement of profit and loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the fund.

b. Superannuation Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Superannuation Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the statement of profit and loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable. The Company has arrangement with Insurance Company to administer its superannuation scheme.

c. Gratuity

Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit (PUC) method made at the end of each financial year. The Company has created an approved Gratuity Fund, which has taken a group gratuity cum insurance policy with an Insurance company to cover the gratuity liability of the employees and premium paid to such insurance company is charged to the statement of profit and loss. At the end of each accounting year, difference between obligation as per actuarial valuation and the fair value of plan asset is further provided for and any excess amount in plan assets over obligation is recognised as a loans and advances recoverable.

d. Welfare Schemes:

i. The Company has provided liability in respect of other Retirement Benefit Schemes offered to the employees of the Faridabad Refrigeration Operations on the basis of year end actuarial valuation. This is unfunded defined benefit scheme.

ii. The Company has taken life insurance cover from Insurance Companies for its blue collar employees at Faridabad Refrigeration Operations and for all white collar employees of the Company. The premium is charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis. This is a defined contribution plan and there is no other obligation other than the contributions payable to Insurance Companies.

iii. The Company has provided for liability in respect of its scheme for Long Term Service Award for its employees at the Faridabad Refrigeration Operations and Puducherry Washers Operations on the basis of year end actuarial valuation. This is unfunded defined benefit scheme.

e. Compensated absences:

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation. These are valued at cost to Company basis without considering any discounting and salary increase. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation which is done as per projected unit credit method at year end.

f. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the Profit and Loss Account and are not deferred.

m. Income taxes

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each reporting date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write- down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

n. Segment reporting

Identification of segments

The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Segment accounting policies

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

o. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

p. Customs & Excise duty

Excise Duty on finished goods stock lying at the factory is accounted at the point of manufacture. Custom Duty on imported material lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of bonding of materials.

q. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

r. Service under warranty/ extended warranty

Liabilities in respect of warranties including extended warranties are accrued and provided on the basis of valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at year end.

s. Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

t. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Change in accounting policy

Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

During the year ended 31 March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956 has become applicable to the Company for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the date of the financial statements. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Uncertainties about these estimates and assumption could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities in the future periods.

c. Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets, except land (leasehold and freehold), building and plant & machinery of Faridabad Refrigeration division, are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Land (leasehold and freehold), building and plant & machinery of Faridabad Refrigeration division are measured at fair value less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any, recognised after the date of revaluation. In case of revaluation of above assets, any revaluation surplus is credited to revaluation reserve.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

d. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided prorata from the date of addition using the Straight Line Method at the rates based upon useful life of assets estimated by management, which are greater than or equal to the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Premium on Leasehold Land is amortised over the period of the lease and depreciation on leasehold improvement, which includes temporary structures, is provided over the unexpired period of lease or estimated useful life, whichever is lower.

Extra Shift Depreciation is charged at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

In respect of revalued assets, the difference between the depreciation calculated on the revalued amount and original cost is recouped from the Revaluation Reserve Account.

e. Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over the estimated useful economic life. The following are the acquired intangible assets:

Software

Cost of software is amortized over its useful life of 60 months starting from the month of project implementation.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

f. Grant

Grants are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and conditions attached to them are complied with.

Grant received against specific asset is shown as a deduction from its gross value. Where the grant received equals the whole, or virtually the whole, of the cost of the asset, the asset is shown at a nominal value.

g. Research and development

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is carried forward when its future recoverability can reasonably be regarded as assured. Any expenditure carried forward is amortised over the period of expected future sales from the related project, not exceeding five years.

The carrying value of development cost is reviewed for impairment annually when the asset is not yet in use and otherwise when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

h. Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charged directly against income. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized.

A leased asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the useful life of the asset or the useful life envisaged in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is lower. If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

i. Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

The Company assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset's recoverable amount. An asset's recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's or cash-generating unit's (CGU) net selling price and its value in use. The recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining net selling price, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used.

The Company bases its impairment calculation on detailed budgets and forecast calculations which are prepared separately for each of the Company's cash-generating units to which the individual assets are allocated. These budgets and forecast calculations are generally covering a period of five years. For longer periods, a long term growth rate is calculated and applied to project future cash flows after the fifth year.

Impairment losses of continuing operations, including impairment on inventories, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

An assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognized impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the Company estimates the asset's or cash- generating unit's recoverable amount. A previously recognized impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset's recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized. The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the asset does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognized in the statement of profit and loss unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase.

j. "Cost" of Raw Materials, Components, Stores and Consumables, Finished Goods-Traded and Spares for Finished Goods has been arrived at by using the "weighted moving average" cost formula.

"Cost" of Finished Goods-Manufactured and Work-in-Progress includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty, wherever applicable. Cost is determined on a "weighted average basis".

Materials and other items held for use in the production of finished goods are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.



k. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria must also be met before revenue is recognized:

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects central sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

Income from services

Revenue from services provided to various parties in terms of agreements with them is recognised on accrual basis. Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered. The Company collects service tax on behalf of the government and, therefore, it is not an economic benefit flowing to the Company. Hence, it is excluded from revenue.

Interest

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.

l. Foreign currency transactions

i. Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

iii. Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/ income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts, except the contracts which are long-term foreign currency monetary items, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or as expense for the year.

m. Retirement and other employee benefits

a. Provident Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the statement of profit and loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the fund.

b. Superannuation Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Superannuation Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the statement of profit and loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable. The Company has arrangements with Insurance Company to administer its superannuation scheme.

c. Gratuity

Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit (PUC) method made at the end of each financial year. The Company has created an approved Gratuity

Fund, which has taken a group gratuity cum insurance policy with an Insurance company to cover the gratuity liability of the employees and premium paid to such insurance company is charged to the statement of profit and loss. At the end of each accounting year, difference between obligation as per actuarial valuation and the fair value of plan asset is further provided for and any excess amount in plan assets over obligation is recognised as a loans and advances recoverable.

d. Welfare Schemes:

i. The Company has provided liability in respect of other Retirement Benefit Schemes offered to the employees of the Faridabad Refrigeration Operations on the basis of year end actuarial valuation. This is unfunded defined benefit scheme.

ii. The Company has taken life insurance cover from Insurance Companies for its blue collar employees at Faridabad Refrigeration Operations and for all white collar employees of the Company. The premium is charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis. This is a defined contribution plan and there is no other obligation other than the contributions payable to Insurance Companies.

iii. The Company has provided for liability in respect of its scheme for Long Term Service Award for its employees at the Faridabad Refrigeration Operations and Puducherry Washers Operations on the basis of year end actuarial valuation. This is unfunded defined benefit scheme.

e. Compensated absences

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation. These are valued at cost to Company basis without considering any discounting and salary increase. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation which is done as per projected unit credit method at year end.

f. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the Profit and Loss Account and are not deferred.

n. Income taxes

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each reporting date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write- down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

o. Segment reporting

Identification of segments

The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Segment accounting policies

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

p. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

q. Customs & Excise duty

Excise Duty on finished goods stock lying at the factory is accounted at the point of manufacture. Custom Duty on imported material lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of bonding of materials

r. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

s. Service under warranty/ extended warranty

Liabilities in respect of warranties including extended warranties are accrued and provided on the basis of valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at year end.

t. Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

u. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

v. Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) from continuing operations. In its measurement, the company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance costs and tax expense.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Indian Accounting Standards as notified by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of fixed assets for which revaluation is carried out. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

4. Impairment

a. The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

b. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

5. Grant

Grants are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and conditions attached to them are complied with.

Grant received against specific asset is shown as a deduction from its gross value. Where the grant received equals the whole, or virtually the whole, of the cost of the asset, the asset is shown at a nominal value.

6. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided pro- rata from the date of addition using the Straight Line Method at the rates based upon useful life of assets estimated by management, which are greater than or equal to the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Premium on Leasehold Land is amortised over the period of the lease and depreciation on leasehold improvement which includes temporary structures is provided over the unexpired period of lease or estimated useful life, whichever is lower.

Extra Shift Depreciation on the qualifying assets is charged at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act.

In respect of revalued assets, the difference between the depreciation calculated on the revalued amount and original cost is recouped from the Revaluation Reserve Account.

7. Intangible assets

Software

Cost of software is amortized on straight line basis over its useful life of 60 months starting from the month of project implementation.

8. Research and Development Costs

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is carried forward when its future recoverability can reasonably be regarded as assured. Any expenditure carried forward is amortised over the period of expected future sales from the related project, not exceeding five years.

The carrying value of development costs is reviewed for impairment annually when the asset is not yet in use and otherwise when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

9. Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charged directly against income. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized.

If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

10. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw Materials, Components,

Stores and Spares : At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

Work-in-Progress : At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

Finished Goods-Manufactured : At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

Finished Goods-Traded : At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

Spares for Finished Goods : At lower of Cost and Net Realisable Value

"Cost" of Raw Materials and Components, Finished Goods-Traded and Spares for Finished Goods has been arrived at by using the "weighted moving average" cost formula.

"Cost" of Finished Goods-Manufactured and Work-in-Progress includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty, wherever applicable. Cost is determined on a "weighted average basis".

Materials and other items held for use in the production of finished goods are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

11. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods are transferred to the buyer. It includes excise duty and discounts but excludes value added tax / sales tax and are net of returns. Excise duty shown as deduction from revenue is the amount that is included in the amount of revenue and not the entire amount of liability that arose during the year.

Income from Ser vices

Revenue from services provided to various parties in terms of agreements with them is recognised on accrual basis. Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognised pro- rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered.

Interest Income

Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

12. Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Expenditure on Voluntary Retirement Scheme is treated as deferred revenue expenditure and amortised over a period of 60 months. However, to comply with the Accounting Standard 15-(Revised) on Employee benefits, the amortisation has been accelerated for all existing voluntary retirement schemes to ensure that no balance is carried forward beyond March 31, 2010.

13. Foreign Currency Transaction

a. Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

b. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

c. Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting companys monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

d. Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes

The premium or discount arising at the inception of a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or expense for the year.

14. Derivative Instruments

As per the ICAI Announcement, derivative contracts, other than those covered under Accounting Standard-11, are accounted on the basis of hedging principles to the extent that the same does not conflict with the existing mandatory Accounting Standards, other Authoritative pronouncements and other regulatory requirements. Accordingly, the derivative contracts are marked to market on a portfolio basis and the net gain/loss after considering the offsetting effect on the underlying hedge item is transferred to Hedge Reserve Account.

15. Retirement and other Employee benefits

a. Provident Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the fund.

b. Superannuation Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Superannuation Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable. The Company has arrangements with an Insurance Company to administer its superannuation scheme.

c. Gratuity

Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on Projected Unit Credit (PUC) method made at the end of each financial year. The Company has created an approved Gratuity Fund, which has taken a group gratuity cum insurance policy with an Insurance company to cover the gratuity liability of the employees and premium paid to such insurance company is charged to the Profit & Loss account. At the end of each accounting year, difference between obligation as per actuarial valuation and the fair value of plan asset is further provided for and any excess amount in plan assets over obligation is recognised as loans and advances recoverable.

d. Welfare Schemes

(i) The Company has provided liability in respect of other Retirement Benefit Schemes offered to the employees of the Faridabad Refrigeration Operations on the basis of year end actuarial valuation on Projected Unit Credit (PUC) method. This is unfunded defined benefit scheme.

(ii) The Company has taken life insurance cover from Insurance Companies for its blue collar employees at Faridabad and Ranjangaon Refrigeration Operations and for all white collar employees of the Company. The premium is charged to the Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. This is a defined contribution plan and there is no other obligation other than the contributions payable to Insurance Companies.

(iii) The Company has provided for liability in respect of its scheme for Long Term Service Award for its employees at the Faridabad Refrigeration Operations and Pondicherry Washers Operations on the basis of year end actuarial valuation on Projected Unit Credit (PUC) method. This is unfunded defined benefit scheme.

e. Compensated absences

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation. However these are valued at cost to Company basis without considering any discounting and salary increase. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation which is done as per Projected Unit Credit method at year end.

f. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the Profit and Loss Account and are not deferred.

16. Income Taxes

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income-tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises unrecognised deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

MAT credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income-tax during the specified period.

17. Provision

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.

18. Service under Warranty

a. Service under Optional Service Contract

Liability under optional service contract in respect of the contracted period is provided on the basis of valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at the year end.

b. Service under Warranty/ Extended Warranty

Liabilities in respect of warranties including extended warranties are accrued and provided on the basis of valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at year end.

19. Customs and Excise Duty

Excise Duty on finished goods stock lying at the factory is accounted at the point of manufacture. Custom Duty on imported material lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of bonding of materials.

20. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

21. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the Company are segregated.

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statement comprise cash at bank, cash/cheques in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

22. Segment Reporting

a) Identification of Segments

i) Primary Segment - Business Segment

The Companys Operations predominantly comprise of only one segment i.e. Home Appliances. In view of the same, separate segmental information is not required to be given as per the requirements of Accounting Standard 17.

ii) Secondary Segment - Geographical Segment

The analysis of geographical segment is based on the geographical location of the customers. The Company operates primarily in India and have presence in international markets as well. Its business is accordingly aligned geographically, catering to two markets. The Company has considered domestic and exports markets as geographical segments and accordingly disclosed these as separate segments. The geographical segments considered for disclosure are as follows:

- Sales within India represents sales made to customers located within India.

- Sales outside India represents sales made to customers located outside India.

Refer note no.C(4) below for details of information pertaining to the Secondary Segment.

 
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