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Accounting Policies of Yashraj Containeurs Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of companies Act 2013 read with rule 7 of the companies Accounts Rule 2014 and other relevent provision of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention basis. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.1 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialised.

2.2 Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and Net realisable value (First in first out) after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Raw material and work in progress is valued at cost exclusive of CENVAT in accordance with the AS-2 of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Scrap is valued at estimated realizable value. Finished goods are valued at cost or estimated realizable value inclusive of excise duty payable thereupon at the time of dispatch, whichever is lower.

2.3 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.4 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation on all the assets is calculated on Useful Life method at the rates specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000/- each are fully depreciated in the year of capitalisation.

The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation method is revised to reflect the changed pattern.

2.5 Revenue recognition

The Revenue is recognized on the basis of Mercantile System of Accounting. The Expenses and income considered payable and receivable respectively are accounted on accrual basis except Investment income is accounted for on cash basis as and when received.

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risk and reward of ownership is transfered to the customer and the commodity has been delivered to the customer.

Other Income

Interest income is accounted on time proportion basis by reference to the principal outstanding and at the interest rate applicable. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

2.6 Tangible fixed assets and Intangible Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at their historical cost, net of CENVAT Credit but include expenditure incurred in their acquisition and construction/installation and other related expenses including pre-operational expenses.

Fixed assets acquired in full or part exchange for another asset are recorded at the fair market value or the net book value of the asset given up, adjusted for any balancing cash consideration. Fair market value is determined either for the assets acquired or asset given up, whichever is more clearly evident. Fixed assets acquired in exchange for securities of the Company are recorded at the fair market value of the assets or the fair market value of the securities issued, whichever is more clearly evident.

Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

2.7 Investments

Long-term investments are carried at Cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, if any.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value.

2.8 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, superannuation fund, gratuity fund, compensated absences, long service awards and post-employment medical benefits.

Defined contribution plans

The Company's contribution to provident fund and superannuation fund are considered as defined contribution plans and are charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund and post-employment medical benefits, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.

2.9 Segment reporting

The Company is in the business of manufacturing of MS barrel and operated in only one country i.e. India hence there are no operating or geographical segments applicable to the company.

2.10 Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

2.11 Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

2.12 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

2.13 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

2.14 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits.


Mar 31, 2014

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention basis. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.1 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

2.2 Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and Net realisable value (First in first out) after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Raw material and work in progress is valued at cost exclusive of CENVAT in accordance with the AS-2 of the Institute of chartered Accountants of India Scrap is valued at estimated realizable value. Finished goods are valued at cost or estimated realizable value inclusive of excise duty payable thereupon at the time of dispatch, whichever is lower.

2.3 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.4 Depreciation and amortisation

"Depreciation on all the assets is calculated on Straight Line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956. Depreciation on account of revaluation is charged along with regular depreciation and a corresponding credit is withdrawn from revaluation reserves and credited to the profit & loss account. Hence the effect on profit & loss account due to depreciation of revalued assets is nullified. Amount credited on account of revaluation reserve is considered as extra - ordinery item and disclosed seperately.

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 each are fully depreciated in the year of capitalisation

Amortisation of Computer software over 8 years is based on the economic benefits that are expected to accrue to the Company over such period.

Leasehold land is amortised over the duration of the lease.

The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation method is revised to reflect the changed pattern.

2.5 Revenue recognition

The Revenue is recognized on the basis of Mercantile System of Accounting. The Expenses and income considered payable and receivable respectively are accounted on accrual basis except Investment income is accounted for on cash basis as and when received.

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risk and reward of ownership is transferred to the customer and the commodity has been delivered to the customer.

Other Income

Interest income is accounted on time proportion basis by reference to the principal outstanding and at the interest rate applicable. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

2.6 Tangible fixed assets and Intangible Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at their historical cost, net of CENVAT Credit but include expenditure incurred in their acquisition and construction/installation and other related expenses including pre-operational expenses.

Fixed assets acquired in full or part exchange for another asset are recorded at the fair market value or the net book value of the asset given up, adjusted for any balancing cash consideration. Fair market value is determined either for the assets acquired or asset given up, whichever is more clearly evident. Fixed assets acquired in exchange for securities of the Company are recorded at the fair market value of the assets or the fair market value of the securities issued, whichever is more clearly evident.

Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

2.7 Investments

Long-term investments are carried at Cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, if any.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value.

2.8 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, superannuation fund, gratuity fund, compensated absences, long service awards and post-employment medical benefits.

Defined contribution plans

The Company''s contribution to provident fund and superannuation fund are considered as defined contribution plans and are charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund and post-employment medical benefits, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.


Mar 31, 2013

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention basis. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.1 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.2 Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and Net realisable value (First in first out) after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Raw material and work in progress is valued at cost exclusive of CENVAT in accordance with the AS-2 of the Institute of chartered Accountants of India Scrap is valued at estimated realizable value. Finished goods are valued at cost or estimated realizable value inclusive of excise duty payable thereupon at the time of dispatch, whichever is lower.

1.3 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.4 Depreciation and amortisation

"Depreciation on all the assets is calculated on Straight Line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956. Depreciation on account of revaluation is charged along with regular depreciation and a corresponding credit is withdrawn from revaluation reserves and credited to the profit & loss account. Hence the effect on profit & loss account due to depreciation of revalued assets is nullified. Amount credited on account of revaluation reserve is considered as extra - ordinery item and disclosed seperately.

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 each are fully depreciated in the year of capitalisation Amortisation of Computer software over 8 years is based on the economic benefits that are expected to accrue to the Company over such period.

Leasehold land is amortised over the duration of the lease.

The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation method is revised to reflect the changed pattern.

1.5 Revenue recognition

The Revenue is recognized on the basis of Mercantile System of Accounting. The Expenses and income considered payable and receivable respectively are accounted on accrual basis except Investment income is accounted for on cash basis as and when received.

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risk and reward of ownership is transfered to the customer and the commodity has been delivered to the customer.

Other Income

Interest income is accounted on time proportion basis by reference to the principal outstanding and at the interest rate applicable.

Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

1.6 Tangible fixed assets and Intangible Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at their historical cost, net of CENVAT Credit but include expenditure incurred in their acquisition and construction/installation and other related expenses including pre-operational expenses.

Fixed assets acquired in full or part exchange for another asset are recorded at the fair market value or the net book value of the asset given up, adjusted for any balancing cash consideration. Fair market value is determined either for the assets acquired or asset given up, whichever is more clearly evident. Fixed assets acquired in exchange for securities of the Company are recorded at the fair market value of the assets or the fair market value of the securities issued, whichever is more clearly evident. Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

1.7 Investments

Long-term investments are carried at Cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, if any.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value.

1.8 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, superannuation fund, gratuity fund, compensated absences, long service awards and post-employment medical benefits.

Defined contribution plans

The Company''s contribution to provident fund and superannuation fund are considered as defined contribution plans and are charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund and post-employment medical benefits, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.

1.9 Segment reporting

The Company is in the business of manufacturing of MS barrel and operated in only one country i.e. India hence there are no operating or geographical segments applicable to the company.

1.10 Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

1.11 Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

1.12 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

1.13 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

1.14 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits.


Mar 31, 2011

1. LEGAL STATUS:

The assessee is a Public Limited Company, formed vide Certificate of Incorporation dated 27th July, 1993, assessed to Income Tax at Mumbai.

2. BUSINESS ACTIVITY :

The Assessee is into the business of Manufacturing of Barrels and Trading of CRCA Coil.

3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES : General:

The accounts are prepared on the historical cost basis and on the accounting principles of a going concern except as stated below. Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles.

Revenue Recognition:

The Revenue is recognized on the basis of Mercantile System of Accounting. The Expenses and income considered payable and receivable respectively are accounted on accrual basis except Investment income is accounted for on cash basis as and when received.

Valuation of inventories:

i) Raw Material:

a) Raw material is valued at cost exclusive of CENVAT in accordance with the AS-2 of the Institute of chartered Accountants of India.

b) Scrap is valued at estimated realisable value.

c) Semi finished goods are valued at cost

ii) Finished Goods:

Finished goods are valued at cost or estimated realizable value inclusive of excise duty payable Thereupon at the time of dispatch, whichever is lower.

The stocks at the year end are valued verified and certified by the management.

Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at their historical cost, net of CENVAT Credit but include expenditure incurred in their acquisition and construction/installation and other related expenses including pre-operational expenses.

Depreciation:

Depreciation on all the assets is calculated on Straight Line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956. Depreciation on account of revaluation is charged along with regular depreciation and a corresponding credit is withdrawn from revaluation reserves and credited to the profit & loss account. Hence the effect on profit & loss account due to depreciation of revalued assets is nullified.

Investments:

Long-term investments are carried at Cost.

Retirement Benefits:

Liability in respect of retirement benefits is provided and charged to the Profit & Loss account as follows:

Provident fund:

on actual liability basis.

- Gratuity: on the assumption that such benefits are payable to all eligible employees at the end of each accounting year and is charged to the Profit & Loss account each year.

- Leave. Encashment: on actual liability basis.

Excise Duty & Sales-tax:

Purchases are exclusive of CENVAT/VAT duty whereas Sales are inclusive of excise. The balance of CENVAT/VAT credit & PLA balance, if any, is reflected as current assets under the head Loans & Advances.

Prior Period Adjustment:

All identifiable items of income and expenditure pertaining to prior period irrespective of period of accrual are accounted as Prior Period Adjustment.

The Units of Yashraj Containers Limited at Chennai, Howrah & Sonepat are on Rental Basis.

 
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