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Accounting Policies of Zandu Realty Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

I. Basis of preparation

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act 2013 (the 'Act') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014 and the provision of the Act (to the extent notified). Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a new accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

II. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

III. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Interest and other financial charges on loans borrowed specifically for acquisition of capital assets are capitalized till the start of its intended use.

IV. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the basis of the useful lives as provided in the Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013, being applicable from 1st April 2014.

v. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost. Current investments are stated at cost or fair value whichever is lower. Diminution in value of long term investments other than temporary in nature is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

vi. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

VII. Revenue Recognition

Revenues are recognised in accordance with the guiding principles of Accounting Standard - 9, notified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006.

VIII. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities is revalued at each Balance sheet date.

ix. borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

X. Taxation

Provision for tax is made for both current and deferred taxes. Provision for current tax is made at the current tax rates based on assessable income. Deferred income tax reflect the impact of current year timing difference between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

XI. Employee Benefits

a) Short term employee benefits are recognised as expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

b) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognised as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the employees have rendered services. The expenses are recognised at the present value of amounts payable determined using the actuarial valuation techniques at the end of each financial year. Actuarial gains or losses in respect of post employment and other long term benefits are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

XII. impairment of Assets

The Company identifies impairable assets at the year end in accordance with the guiding principles of Accounting Standard 28, notified in Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, for the purpose of arriving at impairment loss thereon being the difference between the book value and recoverable value of relevant assets. Impairment loss, when crystallizes, are charged against revenues for the year.

XIII. Earning per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit/loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects for all dilutive potential equity shares.

XIV. Segment Reporting

Based on the guiding principles given in the Accounting Standard - 17 on "Segment Reporting", issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company's primary business segment is Real Estate. Hence, the disclosure requirements of AS-17 in this regard is not applicable.

XV. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise current account bank balance, cash in hand and bank deposit account balance.


Mar 31, 2014

I. BASIS OF PREPARATION

These accounts have been prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (which continues to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13th September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs) and the Accounting Standards notified in Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable.

II. USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

III. FIXED ASSETS

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Interest and other financial charges on loans borrowed specifically for acquisition of capital assets are capitalized till the start of its intended use.

IV. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

V. INVESTMENTS

Long term investments are stated at cost. Current investments are stated at cost or fair value whichever is lower. Diminution in value of long term investments other than temporary in nature is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

VI. INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

VII. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenues are recognised in accordance with the guiding principles of Accounting Standard - 9, notified in Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

VIII. PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities are revalued at each Balance sheet date.

IX. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

X. TAXATION

Provision for tax is made for both current and deferred taxes. Provision for current tax is made at the current tax rates based on assessable income. Deferred income tax reflect the impact of current year timing difference between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

XI. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

a) Short term employee benefits are recognised as expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

b) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognised as expense in the Statement of Profit & Loss for the year in which the employees have rendered services. The expenses are recognised at the present value of amounts payable determined using the actuarial valuation techniques at the end of each financial year. Actuarial gains or losses in respect of post employment and other long term benefits are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

XII. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The Company identifies impairable assets at the year end in accordance with the guiding principles of Accounting Standard 28, notified in Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, for the purpose of arriving at impairment loss thereon being the difference between the book value and recoverable value of relevant assets. Impairment loss, when crystallizes, are charged against revenues for the year.

XIII. EARNING PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit/loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects for all dilutive potential equity shares.

XIV. SEGMENT REPORTING

Based on the guiding principles given in the Accounting Standard - 17 on "Segment Reporting", issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company''s primary business segment is Real Estate. Hence, the disclosure requirements of AS-17 in this regard is not applicable.

XV. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise current account bank balance, cash in hand and bank deposit account balance (with maturity of three months or less as at the balance sheet date).


Mar 31, 2013

I. BASIS OF PREPARATION

These accounts have been prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the Accounting Standards notified in Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable.

II. USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

III. FIXED ASSETS

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Interest and other financial charges on loans borrowed specifically for acquisition of capital assets are capitalized till the start of its intended use.

IV. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

V. INVESTMENTS

Long term investments are stated at cost. Current investments are stated at cost or fair value whichever is lower. Diminution in value of long term investments other than temporary in nature is charged to Statement of Profits Loss.

VI. INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

VII. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenues are recognised in accordance with the guiding principles of Accounting Standard - 9, notified in Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006.

VIM. PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities are revalued at each Balance sheet date.

IX. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

X. TAXATION

Provision for tax is made for both current and deferred taxes. Provision for current tax is made at the current tax rates based on assessable income. Deferred income tax reflect the impact of current year timing difference between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

XI. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

a) Short term employee benefits are recognised as expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

b) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognised as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the employees have rendered services. The expenses are recognised at the present value of amounts payable determined using the actuarial valuation techniques at the end of each financial year. Actuarial gains or losses in respect of post employment and other long term benefits are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

XII. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The Company identifies impairable assets at the year end in accordance with the guiding principles of Accounting Standard 28, notified in Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, for the purpose of arriving at impairment loss thereon being the difference between the book value and recoverable value of relevant assets. Impairment loss, when crystallizes, are charged against revenues for the year.

XIII. EARNING PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit/loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects for all dilutive potential equity shares.

XIV. SEGMENT REPORTING

Based on the guiding principles given in the Accounting Standard -17 on "Segment Reporting", issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company''s primary business segment is Real Estate Development. Hence, the disclosure requirements of AS-17 in this regard is not applicable.

XV. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise current account bank balance, cash in hand and bank deposit account balance (with maturity of three months or less as at the balance sheet date).


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of preparation

These accounts have been prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the Accounting Standards notified in Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable.

1.2. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

1.3 Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Interest and other financial charges on loans borrowed specifically for acquisition of capital assets are capitalized till the start of its intended use.

1.4 Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

1.5 Investment

Long-Term Investments are stated at cost. Current Investments are stated at cost or fair value whichever is lower. Diminution in value of long-term investments other than temporary in nature is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.6 Inventories

Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value.

1.7 Revenue Recognition

(a) Dividend income is accounted for when right to receive the same is established.

(b) All other revenues are recognized on accrual basis.

1.8 Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities are revalued at each Balance sheet date.

1.9 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

1.10 Income Taxes

Provision for Tax is made for both current and deferred taxes. Provision for current tax is made at the current tax rates based on assessable income. Deferred Income Tax reflect the impact of current year timing difference between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

1.11 Impairment of Assets

The Company identifies impair able assets at the yearend in accordance with the guiding principles of Accounting Standard 28, notified in Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, for the purpose of arriving at impairment loss thereon being the difference between the book value and recoverable value of relevant assets. Impairment loss, when crystallizes, are charged against revenues for the year.

(Amount in Rs.)

1.12 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit/loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects for all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.13 Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalents for purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and cash in hand.

As per records of the Company, including its register of shareholders/members and other declarations received from shareholders regarding beneficial interest, the above shareholding represents both legal and beneficial ownership of shares.


Mar 31, 2011

1 BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

These accounts have been prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the Accounting Standards notified in Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable.

2 USE OF ESTIMATES:

The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3 FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Interest and other financial charges on loans borrowed specifically for acquisition of capital assets are capitalized till the start of its intended use.

4 DEPRECIATION AND AMORTISATION:

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

5 INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are stated at cost. Current investments are stated at cost or fair value whichever is lower. Diminution in value of long term investments other than temporary in nature is charged to Profit & Loss Account.

6 INVENTORIES

Inventory is valued at the value on the date of conversion from capital assets to stock-in-trade or current market value, whichever is lower.

7 REVENUE RECOGNITION:

a) Dividend income is accounted for when right to receive the same is established.

b) All other revenues are recognized on accrual basis.

8 PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities are revalued at each Balance sheet date.

9 BORROWING COSTS:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

10 INCOME TAXES:

Provision for tax is made for both current and deferred taxes. Provision for current tax is made at the current tax rates based on assessable income. Deferred income tax reflect the impact of current year timing difference between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

11 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The Company identifies impairable assets at the year end in accordance with the guiding principals of Accounting Standard 28, notified in Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, for the purpose of arriving at impairment loss thereon being the difference between the book value and recoverable value of relevant assets. Impairment loss, when crystallizes, are charged against revenues for the year.

12 EARNINGS PER SHARE:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit/loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects for all dilutive potential equity shares.






Mar 31, 2010

1 BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the applicable accounting standards.

2 USE OF ESTIMATES:

The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3 FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are recorded at cost of acquisition or construction including incidental expenses necessary for bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. They are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

4 INTANGIBLE ASSETS:

Intangible Assets are recognised,only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprises and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably. The intangible assets are recorded at cost and are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

5 DEPRECIATION AND AMORTISATION:

(i) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

(ii) Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

(iii) Intangible assets are amortised over their estimated useful life determined by the management on the basis of technical evaluation etc.

6 INVESTMENTS:

Investments classified as long-term investments are stated at cost. Provision is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary in the value of investments. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

7 INVENTORIES:

Items of inventories of FMCG Undertaking were valued on the basis given below.

(i) Stores and Spares:

At Cost on First in First out (FIFO) basis or net realisable value whichever is lower.

(ii) Raw Materials and Packing Materials:

At Cost on First in First out (FIFO) basis or net realisable value whichever is lower.

(iii) Stock in process and finished goods (Manufactured):

At cost computed on weighted average basis or net realisable value whichever is lower. Cost comprised of cost of purchases, cost of conversion and other cost incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

(iv) Finished goods (Trading):

At weighted average cost or net realisable value whichever is lower.

8 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

a) Post Employment Benefits and Other Long Term Benefits. i) Defined Contribution Plan Companys contribution for the year paid/payable to defined contribution retirement benefit plans are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

ii) Defined Benefit and Other Long Term Benefit Plans Companys liabilities towards defined benefit plans and other long term benefits viz. gratuity and compensated absences expected to occur after twelve months, are determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial valuations under the Projected Unit Credit Method are carried out at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Profit and Loss account in the period of occurrence of such gains and losses. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent benefits are vested, otherwise it is amortised on straight-line basis over the remaining average period until the benefits become vested.The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

b) Short-term employee benefits

Short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised undiscounted during the period employee rendered services. These benefits include compensated absences.

9 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rate of exchange in force at the time transactions are effected. Exchange differences arising on settlement of all transactions are recognized in the profit and loss account. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated using the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the Balance Sheet and resulting net exchange difference is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account. In case of forward exchange contracts entered into in respect of monetary items, the difference between the exchange rate on the date of such contracts and the year end rate is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account. Any profit/loss arising on cancellation of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or expense of the year. Premium/discount arising on such forward exchange contracts is amortised as income/expense over the life of contract.

10 REVENUE RECOGNITION:

(i) Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis.

(ii) Dividend from investment is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account when the right to receive payment is established.

(iii) Revenue in respect of insurance/ other claims, interest, etc., is recognised only when it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.

(iv) Revenue is recognise when no significant uncertainty as to collectability or measurabilit exists.

(v) Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risk and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is at the time of dispatch of goods to the Customers, in case of domestic sales and on shipment of goods in case of export sales and is recorded net of trade discount, sales tax and sales return.

11 EXCISE DUTY:

Excise duty is accounted on the basis of payments made in respect of goods cleared and provision is made for goods lying in bonded warehouses.

12 PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to accounts. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

13 GRANTS:

A. Government grants:

Grants in the form of Capital / Investment Subsidy are treated as Capital Reserve. Refundable grants relating to Product Development etc. are adjusted by applying the refundable portion in accordance with the relevant agreement against the unamortised deferred credit remaining in respect of such grant.

B. Other grants:

Payment received for purposes of probable definite outcomes are credited to Capital Reserve net of related outlays and tax, if any, to the extent that there is no obligation on the company to refund any amount.

14 BORROWING COSTS:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

15 INCOME TAXES:

Tax expense comprises of current tax, deferred tax and Fringe Benifit Tax. Current tax and Deferred tax are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard 22 on "Accounting for Taxes on Income", (AS 22). Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to/recovered from the tax authorities, using the applicable tax rates. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent years and are measured using relevant enacted tax rates. At each Balance sheet date the Company reassesses unrecognised deferred tax assets to the extent they become reasonably certain or virtually certain of realisation, as the case may be. Fringe Benefit Tax is recognised in accordence with Accounting Standard 22 on "Accounting for Taxes on Income", (AS 22).

16 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to profit and loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

 
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