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Accounting Policies of Zenith Birla (India) Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

(a) Basis of Accounting

The Financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles, the applicable mandatory Accounting Standards and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known.

(c) Fixed Assets:

(i) Gross Block:

All Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation except free hold land. However, Fixed Assets, which are revalued by the Company, are stated at their revalued book values.

(ii) Depreciation/Amortisation:

a) The company has ascertained the useful life of its various assets and charged depreciation in accordance with Schedule II of the Companies Act,2013.

(d) Borrowing cost:

Interest and other borrowing costs attributable to acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized. Other interest and borrowing cost share charged to revenue.

(e) Investments:

Investments are stated at cost of acquisition or at book value in case of diminution in value. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and net realisable value.

(f) Inventories:

(i) Raw Material, Raw Material in Process, Semi-Finished Goods, Finished Goods, Goods for Trade and Stores, Spares etc. are valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower.

(ii) Goods in Transit are valued at cost to date.

(iii) Industrial scrap is valued at estimated realisable value.

(iv) 'Cost' comprises all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition. Cost formulae used is weighted average cost.

(v) Due allowances are made for obsolete inventory based on technical estimates made by the Company.

(g) Recognition of Income and Expenditure:

(i) Revenues/incomes and cost/expenditure are generally accounted on accrual basis as they are earned or incurred except in case of significant uncertainties.

(ii) Sale of goods is recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership which is generally on the dispatch of goods. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of the dates of 'On Board Bill of Lading '.

(iii) Export Benefits are recognised in the year of export.

(h) Research and Development Expenditure:

Expenditure on Research and Development is charged to revenue through the natural heads of expenses in the year in which it is incurred. Such expenditure is charged to Capital if it results in the creation of capital assets.

(i) Employee Benefits:

(i) Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Retirement Benefits:

(a) Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund/ Family Pension Fund and Superannuation Fund, which are Defined Contribution Plans, are accounted on accrual basis and charged to the Statement of profit and loss of the year.

(b) Retirement benefits in the form of Gratuity, which is Defined Benefit Plan and the long term employee benefit in the form of Leave Encashment are determined and accrued on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation applying the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(c) Actuarial gains/losses arising during the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year.

(j) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign Currency transactions are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities outstanding at the close of financial year are revalorised at the exchange rates prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange differences arising on account of fluctuation in the rate of exchange is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except to the extent it relates to long term monetary items for acquisition of depreciable capital assets, which is adjusted to the acquisition cost of such assets and depreciated over remaining useful life.

(k) Expenses on New Projects:

Expenses incurred on new projects are carried in the Accounts under the head Loans and Advances, until such expenses are capitalized or written off or in the year in which decision is taken to either capitalize it or abandon the project.

(l) Taxes on Income:

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences between taxable and accounting income that originates in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s). Deferred Tax Assets arising mainly on account of brought forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation under tax laws are recognised if and only if there is a virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence of its realisation. Deferred tax assets on account of other timing differences are recognised on the basis of reasonable certainty about its realisation. At each Balance Sheet date the carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed to reassure realization.

(m) Impairment of Assets:

The carrying amount of assets, other than inventories is reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess whether there is any indication of impairment in respect of such assets or group of assets (cash generating unit). If such indication exists, the recoverable amount of such asset or group of assets is estimated. If such recoverable amount of the assets or the group of assets is less than its carrying amount, an impairment loss is reckoned by reducing the carrying amount to its recoverable amount. If there is an indication at the balance sheet date that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount, subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

(n) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event on which it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation in respect of which reliable estimates can be made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed by way of note to the Financial Statement after careful evaluation by the management of the facts and legal aspects of the matter involved. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed.


Mar 31, 2014

(a) Basis of Accounting

The Financial Statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles, the applicable mandatory Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) and/or Section 133 of The Companies Act 2013, as notified on 12th September, 2013 by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act,1956 (to the extent applicable), Companies Act, 2013 (to the extent notified).

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known.

(c) Fixed Assets:

(i) Gross Block:

All Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation except free hold land. However, Fixed Assets, which are revalued by the Company, are stated at their revalued book values.

(ii) Depreciation/Amortisation:

a) The Company provides depreciation on the Straight Line Method over the useful life of assets or at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

(d) Borrowing cost:

Interest and other borrowing costs attributable to acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized. Other interest and borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(e) Investments:

Investments are stated at cost of acquisition or at book value in case of diminution in value. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

(f) Inventories:

(i) Raw Material, Raw Material in Process, Semi-Finished Goods, Finished Goods, Goods for Trade and Stores, Spares etc. are valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower.

(ii) Goods in Transit are valued at cost to date.

(iii) Industrial scrap is valued at estimated realisable value.

(iv) ''Cost'' comprises all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition. Cost formulae used is weighted average cost.

(v) Due allowances are made for obsolete inventory based on technical estimates made by the Company.

(g) Recognition of Income and Expenditure:

(i) Revenues/incomes and cost/expenditure are generally accounted on accrual basis as they are earned or incurred except in case of significant uncertainties.

(ii) Sale of goods is recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership which is generally on the dispatch of goods. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of the dates of ''On Board Bill of Lading ''.

(iii) Export Benefits are recognised in the year of export.

(h) Research and Development Expenditure:

Expenditure on Research and Development is charged to revenue through the natural heads of expenses in the year in which it is incurred. Such expenditure is charged to Capital if it results in the creation of capital assets.

(i) Employee Benefits:

(i) Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Retirement Benefits:

(a) Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund/ Family Pension Fund and Superannuation Fund, which are Defined Contribution Plans, are accounted on accrual basis and charged to the Statement of profit and loss of the year.

(b) Retirement benefits in the form of Gratuity, which is Defined Benefit Plan and the long term employee benefit in the form of Leave Encashment are determined and accrued on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation applying the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(c) Actuarial gains/losses arising during the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year.

(j) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign Currency transactions are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities outstanding at the close of financial year are revalorised at the exchange rates prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange differences arising on account of fluctuation in the rate of exchange is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except to the extent it relates to long term monetary items for acquisition of depreciable capital assets, which is adjusted to the acquisition cost of such assets and depreciated over remaining useful life.

(k) Expenses on New Projects:

Expenses incurred on new projects are carried in the Accounts under the head Loans and Advances, until such expenses are written off or charged to revenue in the year in which decision is taken to abandon the project.

(l) Taxes on Income:

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences between taxable and accounting income that originates in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s). Deferred Tax Assets arising mainly on account of brought forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation under tax laws are recognised if and only if there is a virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence of its realisation. Deferred tax assets on account of other timing differences are recognised on the basis of reasonable certainty about its realisation. At each Balance Sheet date the carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed to reassure realization.

(m) Impairment of Assets:

The carrying amount of assets, other than inventories is reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess whether there is any indication of impairment in respect of such assets or group of assets (cash generating unit). If such indication exists, the recoverable amount of such asset or group of assets is estimated. If such recoverable amount of the assets or the group of assets is less than its carrying amount, an impairment loss is reckoned by reducing the carrying amount to its recoverable amount. If there is an indication at the balance sheet date that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount, subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

(n) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event on which it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation in respect of which reliable estimates can be made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed by way of note to the Financial Statement after careful evaluation by the management of the facts and legal aspects of the matter involved. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed.


Mar 31, 2012

(a) Basis of Accounting

The Financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles, the applicable mandatory Accounting Standards and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956.

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known.

(c) Fixed Assets:

(i) Gross Block:

All Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation except free hold land. However, Fixed Assets, which are revalued by the Company, are stated at their revalued book values.

(ii) Depreciation/Amortization:

a) The Company provides depreciation on the Straight Line Method over the useful life of assets or at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Cost of leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

(d) Borrowing cost:

Interest and other borrowing costs attributable to acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized. Other interest and borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(e) Investments:

Investments are stated at cost of acquisition or at book value in case of diminution in value. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

(f) Inventories:

(i) Raw Material, Raw Material in Process, Semi-Finished Goods, Finished Goods, Goods for Trade and Stores, Spares etc. are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

(ii) Goods in Transit are valued at cost to date.

(iii) Industrial scrap is valued at estimated realizable value.

(iv) 'Cost' comprises all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition. Cost formulae used is weighted average cost.

(v) Due allowances are made for obsolete inventory based on technical estimates made by the Company.

(g) Recognition of Income and Expenditure:

(i) Revenues/incomes and cost/expenditure are generally accounted on accrual basis as they are earned or incurred except in case of significant uncertainties.

(ii) Sale of goods is recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership which is generally on the dispatch of goods. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of the dates of 'On Board Bill of Lading .

(iii) Export Benefits are recognized in the year of export.

(h) Research and Development Expenditure:

Expenditure on Research and Development is charged to revenue through the natural heads of expenses in the year in which it is incurred. Such expenditure is charged to Capital if it results in the creation of capital assets.

(i) Employee Benefits:

(i) Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Profit and Loss Account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Retirement Benefits:

(a) Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund/ Family Pension Fund and Superannuation Fund, which are Defined Contribution Plans, are accounted on accrual basis and charged to the profit and loss account of the year.

(b) Retirement benefits in the form of Gratuity, which is Defined Benefit Plan and the long term employee benefit in the form of Leave Encashment are determined and accrued on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation applying the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(c) Actuarial gains/losses arising during the year are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account of the year.

(j) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign Currency transactions are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities outstanding at the close of financial year are revalorized at the exchange rates prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange differences arising on account of fluctuation in the rate of exchange is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account, except to the extent it relates to long term monetary items for acquisition of depreciable capital assets, which is adjusted to the acquisition cost of such assets and depreciated over remaining useful life.

(k) Expenses on New Projects:

Expenses incurred on new projects are carried in the Accounts under the head Loans and Advances, until such expenses are written off or charged to revenue in the year in which decision is taken to abandon the project.

(l) Taxes on Income:

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences between taxable and accounting income that originates in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s). Deferred Tax Assets arising mainly on account of brought forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation under tax laws are recognized if and only if there is a virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence of its realization. Deferred tax assets on account of other timing differences are recognized on the basis of reasonable certainty about its realization. At each Balance Sheet date the carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed to reassure realization.

(m) Impairment of Assets:

The carrying amount of assets, other than inventories is reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess whether there is any indication of impairment in respect of such assets or group of assets (cash generating unit). If such indication exists, the recoverable amount of such asset or group of assets is estimated. If such recoverable amount of the assets or the group of assets is less than its carrying amount, an impairment loss is reckoned by reducing the carrying amount to its recoverable amount. If there is an indication at the balance sheet date that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount, subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

(n) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event on which it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation in respect of which reliable estimates can be made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed by way of note to the Financial Statement after careful evaluation by the management of the facts and legal aspects of the matter involved. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of Accounting

The Financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles, the applicable mandatory Accounting Standards and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known.

3. Fixed Assets:

(a) Gross Block:

All Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation except free hold land. However, Fixed Assets, which are revalued by the Company, are stated at their revalued book values.

(b) Depreciation/Amortisation:

i) The Company provides depreciation on the Straight Line Method over the useful life of assets or at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

ii) Cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

4. Borrowing cost:

Interest and other borrowing costs attributable to acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized. Other interest and borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

5. Investments:

Investments are stated at cost of acquisition or at book value in case of diminution in value. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

6. Inventories:

a) Raw Material, Raw Material in Process, Semi-Finished Goods, Finished Goods, Goods for Trade and Stores, Spares etc. are valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower.

b) Goods in Transit are valued at cost to date.

c) Industrial scrap is valued at estimated realisable value.

d) Cost comprises all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition. Cost formulae used is weighted average cost.

e) Due allowances are made for obsolete inventory based on technical estimates made by the Company.

7. Recognition of Income and Expenditure:

i) Revenues/incomes and cost/expenditure are generally accounted on accrual basis as they are earned or incurred except in case of significant uncertainties.

ii) Sale of goods is recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership which is generally on the dispatch of goods. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of the dates of On Board Bill of Lading .

iii) Export Benefits are recognised in the year of export.

8. Research and Development Expenditure:

Expenditure on Research and Development is charged to revenue through the natural heads of expenses in the year in which it is incurred. Such expenditure is charged to Capital if it results in the creation of capital assets.

9. Employee Benefits:

A. Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Profit and Loss Account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

B. Retirement Benefits:

(a) Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund/ Family Pension Fund and Superannuation Fund, which are Defined Contribution Plans, are accounted on accrual basis and charged to the profit and loss account of the year.

(b) Retirement benefits in the form of Gratuity, which is Defined Benefit Plan and the long term employee benefit in the form of Leave Encashment are determined and accrued on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation applying the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(c) Actuarial gains/losses arising during the year are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account of the year.

10. Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign Currency transactions are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities outstanding at the close of financial year are revalorised at the exchange rates prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange differences arising on account of fluctuation in the rate of exchange is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account, except to the extent it relates to long term monetary items for acquisition of depreciable capital assets, which is adjusted to the acquisition cost of such assets and depreciated over remaining useful life.

11. Expenses on New Projects:

Expenses incurred on new projects are carried in the Accounts under the head Loans and Advances, until such expenses are written off or charged to revenue in the year in which decision is taken to abandon the project.

12. Taxes on Income:

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences between taxable and accounting income that originates in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s). Deferred Tax Assets arising mainly on account of brought forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation under tax laws are recognised if and only if there is a virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence of its realisation. Deferred tax assets on account of other timing differences are recognised on the basis of reasonable certainty about its realisation. At each Balance Sheet date the carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed to reassure realization.

13. Impairment of Assets:

The carrying amount of assets, other than inventories is reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess whether there is any indication of impairment in respect of such assets or group of assets (cash generating unit). If such indication exists, the recoverable amount of such asset or group of assets is estimated. If such recoverable amount of the assets or the group of assets is less than its carrying amount, an impairment loss is reckoned by reducing the carrying amount to its recoverable amount. If there is an indication at the balance sheet date that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount, subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

14. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event on which it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation in respect of which reliable estimates can be made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed by way of note to the Financial Statement after careful evaluation by the management of the facts and legal aspects of the matter involved. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed.

 
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