Home  »  Company  »  Zensar Technologies  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Zensar Technologies Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1. Background

Zensar Technologies Limited (the "Company") along with its wholly owned and controlled subsidiaries Zensar Technologies Inc., Zensar Technologies (UK) Limited, Zensar Technologies (Singapore) Pte. Limited, Zensar Technologies (Shanghai) Company Limited, PSI Holding Group Inc., Zensar Technologies IM Inc., Zensar Technologies IM B.V., Zensar (Africa) Holdings Pty Limited and Zensar (South Africa) Pty Limited Professional Access Limited, Foolproof Limited and Knit Limited (effective from November 02, 2016) is engaged in providing a complete range of IT Services and Solutions. The Company''s industry expertise spans across Manufacturing, Retail, Media, Banking, Insurance, Healthcare and Utilities. The Company is public limited company and is listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE).

2. Summary of significant accounting policies

a. Basis of preparation

(i) Compliance with Ind AS

These financial statements comply in all material aspects with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act), Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and other relevant provisions of the Act.

The financial statements up to year ended March 31, 2016 were prepared in accordance with the accounting standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Act.

These financial statements are the first financial statements of the Company under Ind AS. Refer note 34 for an explanation of how the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS has affected the Company''s financial position, financial performance and cash flows.

(ii) Historical cost convention

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for the following:

- certain financial assets and liabilities (including derivative instruments) which are measured at fair value;

- defined benefit plans - plan assets measured at fair value;

- share- based payments and

- assets and liabilities arising in a business combination

(iii) Current versus non-current classification

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and services and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current -non current classification of assets and liabilities.

b. Foreign currency translation

(i) Functional and presentation currency:

Items included in the financial statements are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (''the functional currency''). The financial statements are presented in Indian rupee (INR), which is the Company''s functional and presentation currency.

(ii) Transactions and balances

- Transactions in foreign currency are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the transaction. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at year end exchange rates are generally recognized in Profit or Loss and reported within foreign exchange gains/(losses), except when deferred in other comprehensive income as qualifying cash flow hedges.

- A monetary item for which settlement is neither planned nor likely to occur in the foreseeable future is considered as a part of the entity''s net investment in that foreign operation.

- Foreign exchange differences regarded as an adjustment to borrowing costs are presented in the Statement of Profit and Loss, within finance costs.

- Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and measured at fair value are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date when the fair value was determined. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of transaction. The gain or loss arising on translation of non-monetary items measured at fair value is treated in line with the recognition of the gain or loss on the change in fair value of the item (i.e., translation differences on items whose fair value gain or loss is recognized in Other comprehensive income or profit or loss are also recognized in Other comprehensive income or profit or loss, respectively).

(iii) Foreign Operations

The results and financial position of foreign operations (none of which has the currency of a hyperinflationary economy) that have a functional currency different from the presentation currency are translated into presentation currency as follows:

- Assets and liabilities are translated at the closing rate at the date of the Balance Sheet

- Income and expense items are translated at the average exchange rates for the period (unless this is not a reasonable approximation of the cumulative effect of the rates prevailing on the transaction dates, in which case income and expenses are translated at the dates of the transactions).

- All resulting exchange differences are recognized in other comprehensive income and held in foreign currency translation reserve (FCTR), a component of equity. When a foreign operation is disposed of, the relevant amount recognized in FCTR is transferred to the statement of income as part of the profit or loss on disposal.

c. Revenue Recognition

The Company derives revenue primarily from software development, maintenance of software/hardware and related services, and sale of software Licenses.

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Amounts disclosed as revenue are net of trade allowances, rebates, discounts, value added taxes and other amounts collected on behalf of third parties.

The company recognized revenue when the amount of revenue can be reliably measured, it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the entity and specific criteria have been met for each of the company''s activities as described below. The Company estimates its estimates on historical results, taking into consideration the type of customer, the type of transaction and the specifics of each arrangement.

(i) Time and material contracts:

Revenues and costs relating to time and materials contracts are recognized as the related services are rendered.

(ii) Fixed- price contracts:

Revenues from fixed-price contracts, including IT Infrastructure development and integration contracts are recognized using the “percentage-of-completion” method. Percentage of completion is determined based on efforts or costs incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated efforts or costs required to complete the project. The efforts or cost expended are used to measure progress towards completion as there is a direct relationship between input and productivity. If the Company does not have a sufficient basis to measure the progress of completion or to estimate the total contract revenues and costs, revenue is recognized only to the extent of contract cost incurred for which recoverability is probable.

When total cost estimates exceed revenues in an arrangement, the estimated losses are recognized in the statement of income in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates. ‘Unbilled revenues’ represent earnings in excess of billings as at the end of the reporting period. ‘Unearned revenues’ represent billing in excess of revenue recognized. Advance payments received from customers for which no services have been rendered are presented as ‘Advance from customers’.

(iii) Maintenance contracts:

Revenue from maintenance contracts is recognized ratably over the period of the contract using the percentage of completion method. When services are performed through an indefinite number of repetitive acts over a specified period of time, revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the specified period unless some other method better represents the stage of completion. In certain projects, a fixed quantum of service or output units is agreed at a fixed price for a fixed term. In such contracts, revenue is recognized with respect to the actual output achieved till date as a percentage of total contractual output. Any residual service unutilized by the customer is recognized as revenue on completion of the term.

(iv) Multiple element arrangements:

Revenue from contracts with multiple-element arrangements are recognized using the guidance in Ind AS 18, Revenue. The Company allocates the arrangement consideration to separately identifiable components based on their relative fair values or on the residual method. Fair values are determined based on sale prices for the components when it is regularly sold separately, third-party prices for similar components or cost plus an appropriate business-specific profit margin related to the relevant component.

(v) Sale of licenses:

Revenue from sale of licenses and support are recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer, continuing managerial involvement usually associated with ownership and effective control have ceased, the amount of revenue can be measured reliably, it is probable that economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the Company and the costs incurred or to be incurred in respect of the transaction can be measured reliably.

d. Income Tax

Income tax comprises current and deferred tax. Income tax expense is recognized in the statement of income except to the extent it relates to a business combination, or items directly recognized in equity or in other comprehensive income.

(i) Current Income Tax:

Current income tax for the current and prior periods are measured at the amount expected to be recovered from or paid to the taxation authorities based on the taxable income for the period. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the current tax amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date and applicable for the period. The Company offsets current tax assets and current tax liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts and where it intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and liability simultaneously.

(ii) Deferred Tax:

Deferred tax is recognized using the balance sheet approach. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for deductible and taxable temporary differences arising between the tax base of assets and liabilities and their carrying amount in financial statements, except when the deferred income tax arises from the initial recognition of goodwill or an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and affects neither accounting nor taxable profits or loss at the time of the transaction.

Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilized.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable temporary differences except in respect of taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, associates and foreign branches where the timing of the reversal of the temporary difference can be controlled and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. The Company offsets deferred tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets against current tax liabilities, and they relate to taxes levied by the same taxation authority on either the same taxable entity, or on different taxable entities where there is an intention to settle the current tax liabilities and assets on a net basis or their tax assets and liabilities will be realized simultaneously.

(iii) Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT)

MAT credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay income tax higher than that computed under MAT, during the period that MAT is permitted to be set off under the Income Tax Act, 1961 (specified period). Credit on account of MAT is recognized as an asset based on the management’s estimate of its recoverability in the future,

e. Leases

The determination of whether an arrangement is (or contains) a lease is based on the substance of the arrangement at the inception of the lease. The arrangement is, or contains, a lease if fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets and the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset or assets, even if that right is not explicitly specified in an arrangement.

For arrangements entered into prior to 1 April 2015, the Company has determined whether the arrangement contain lease on the basis of facts and circumstances existing on the date of transition.

As a lessee:

Finance Lease: Leases of property, plant and equipment, where the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalized at lower of the fair value of the leased property and the present value of the minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charge and the outstanding liability. The finance charge is allocated to periods during the lease term at a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability.

Operating lease: Leases where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are recognized in the statement of profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term unless the payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the lessor''s expected inflationary cost increases.

Deposits provided to lessors: The Company is generally required to pay refundable security deposits in order to obtain property leases from various lessors. Such security deposits are financial assets and are recorded at fair value on initial recognition. The difference between the initial fair value and the refundable amount of the deposit is recognized as a lease prepayment. The initial fair value is estimated as the present value of the refundable amount of security deposit, discounted using the market interest rates for similar instruments.

Subsequent to initial recognition, the security deposit is measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method with the carrying amount increased over the lease period up to the refundable amount. The amount of increase in the carrying amount of deposit is recognized as interest income. The lease prepayment is amortized on a straight line basis over the lease term as lease rental expense,

f. Impairment of assets

Goodwill and intangible assets that have an indefinite useful life are not subject to amortization and are tested annually for impairment, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that they might be impaired. Other assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the asset''s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. For the purpose of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets (cash-generating units). Non-financial assets other than goodwill that suffered an impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at the end of each reporting period.

g. Cash and cash equivalents

For the purposes of presentation in the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, in banks and demand deposits with financial institutions, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of change in value.

h. Trade Receivables

Trade receivables are recognized initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method, less provision for impairment.

i. Investments and other financial assets

(i) Classification

The Company classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:

- those to be measured subsequently at fair value (either though other comprehensive income, or through profit and loss), and

- those measured at amortized cost

The classification depends on the entity''s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual cash flow characteristics.

For assets measured at fair value, gains and losses will either be recorded in profit or loss or other comprehensive income. For investments in debt instruments, this will depend on business model in which the investment is held. For investments in equity instruments, this will depend on whether the company has made an irrevocable election at the time of initial recognition to account for the equity investment at fair value through other comprehensive income.

(ii) Initial recognition

All financial assets are recognized initially at fair value plus, in the case of financial assets not recorded at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset.

(iii) Measurement

Financial assets carried at amortized cost:

A financial asset is subsequently measured at amortized cost if it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI):

A financial asset is subsequently measured at fair value through other comprehensive income if it is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding. Further, in cases where the Company has made an irrevocable election based on its business model, for its investments which are classified as equity instruments, the subsequent changes in fair value are recognized in other comprehensive income.

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL):

A financial asset which is not classified in any of the above categories are subsequently fair valued through profit or loss.

(iv) Impairment of financial assets

The Company recognizes loss allowances using the expected credit loss (ECL) model for the financial assets which are not fair valued through profit or loss. Loss allowance for trade receivables with no significant financing component is measured at an amount equal to lifetime ECL. For all other financial assets, expected credit losses are measured at an amount equal to the 12-month ECL, unless there has been a significant increase in credit risk from initial recognition in which case those are measured at lifetime ECL. The amount of expected credit losses (or reversal) that is required to adjust the loss allowance at the reporting date to the amount that is required to be recognized is recognized as an impairment gain or loss in profit or loss.

(v) Derecognition of financial assets

The Company derecognizes a financial asset when

- the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire or it transfers the financial asset and the transfer qualifies for derecognition under IND AS 109.

- retains contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial asset but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients.

When the entity has neither transferred a financial asset nor retained substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is derecognized if the Company has not retained control of the financial asset. Where the Company retains control of the financial asset, the asset is continued to be recognized to extent of continuing involvement in the financial asset.

(vi) Income Recognition Interest Income:

Interest income from debt instruments is recognized using the effective interest rate (EIR) method. EIR is the rate that exactly discounts the estimated future cash receipts over the expected life of the financial asset or a shorter period, where appropriate, to the gross carrying amount of the financial asset. When calculating the effective interest rate, the Company estimates the expected cash flows by considering all the contractual terms of the financial instrument (for example, prepayment, extension, call and similar options) but does not consider the expected credit losses.

Dividends

Dividends are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss only when the right to receive the payment is established, which is generally when shareholders approve the dividend, it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the dividend will flow to the Company and the amount of dividend can be measured reliably.

(vii) Investments in subsidiaries: The Company has accounted for its investment in subsidiaries at cost.

j. Financial Liabilities

(i) Initial recognition and measurement

Financial liabilities are classified, at initial recognition, as financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, loans and borrowings, payables, or as derivatives designated as hedging instruments in an effective hedge, as appropriate.

All financial liabilities are recognized initially at fair value and, in the case of loans and borrowings and payables, net of directly attributable transaction costs.

The Company’s financial liabilities include trade and other payables, loans and borrowings including bank overdrafts and financial guarantee contracts.

(ii) Subsequent Measurement

The subsequent measurement of financial liabilities depends on their classification, as described below:

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss:

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss include financial liabilities held for trading and financial liabilities designated upon initial recognition as at fair value through profit or loss. Financial liabilities are classified as held for trading if they are incurred for the purpose of repurchasing in the near term. Gains or losses on liabilities held for trading are recognized in the profit or loss.

Financial liabilities designated upon initial recognition at fair value through profit or loss are designated as such at the initial date of recognition, and only if the criteria in Ind AS 109 are satisfied. For liabilities designated as FVTPL, fair value gains/ losses attributable to changes in own credit risk are recognized in OCI. These gains/ loss are not subsequently transferred to P&L. However, the Company may transfer the cumulative gain or loss within equity. All other changes in fair value of such liability are recognized in the statement of profit or loss. The Company has not designated any financial liability as at fair value through profit and loss.

Trade and other payables:

These amounts represent liabilities for goods and services provided to the company prior to the end of financial year which are unpaid. The amounts are unsecured and are usually paid within 30 days of recognition. Trade and other payables are presented as current liabilities unless payment is not due within 12 months after the reporting period. They are recognized initially at their fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

Loans and borrowings:

After initial recognition, interest-bearing loans and borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the EIR method. Gains and losses are recognized in profit or loss when the liabilities are derecognized as well as through the Effective Interest Rate (EIR) amortization process. Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss. This category generally applies to borrowings.

Financial guarantee contracts:

Financial guarantee contracts are recognized as a financial liability at the time the guarantee is issued. The liability is initially measured at fair value and subsequently at the higher of the amount determined in accordance with Ind AS 37 and the amount initially recognized less cumulative amortization, where appropriate.

The fair value of financial guarantees is determined as the present value of the difference in net cash flows between the contractual payments under the debt instrument and the payments that would be required without the guarantee, or the estimated amount that would be payable to a third party for assuming the obligations.

Where guarantees in relation to loans or other payables of associates are provided for no compensation, the fair values are accounted for as contributions and recognized as part of the cost of the investment. No adjustment to cost of investment is carried out incase the compensation for such guarantee is equivalent to the contractual cash flow differential with guarantee and without guarantee.

(iii) Derecognition

A financial liability is derecognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the statement of profit or loss.

(iv) Embedded Derivatives

An embedded derivative is a component of a hybrid (combined) instrument that also includes a non-derivative host contract - with the effect that some of the cash flows of the combined instrument vary in a way similar to a standalone derivative. An embedded derivative causes some or all of the cash flows that otherwise would be required by the contract to be modified according to a specified interest rate, financial instrument price, commodity price, foreign exchange rate, index of prices or rates, credit rating or credit index, or other variable, provided in the case of a nonfinancial variable that the variable is not specific to a party to the contract. Reassessment only occurs if there is either a change in the terms of the contract that significantly modifies the cash flows that would otherwise be required or a reclassification of a financial asset out of the fair value through profit or loss.

If the hybrid contract contains a host that is a financial asset within the scope of Ind AS 109, the Company does not separate embedded derivatives. Rather, it applies the classification requirements contained in Ind AS 109 to the entire hybrid contract. Derivatives embedded in all other host contracts are accounted for as separate derivatives and recorded at fair value if their economic characteristics and risks are not closely related to those of the host contracts and the host contracts are not held for trading or designated at fair value though profit or loss. These embedded derivatives are measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in profit or loss, unless designated as effective hedging instruments,

k. Derivatives and hedging activities

The Company is exposed to foreign currency fluctuations on foreign currency assets, liabilities, net investment in foreign operations and forecasted cash flows denominated in foreign currency.

The Company limits the effect of foreign exchange rate fluctuations by following established risk management policies including the use of derivatives. The Company enters into derivative financial instruments where the counterparty is primarily a bank.

Derivatives are recognized and measured at fair value. Attributable transaction costs are recognized in statement of profit or loss as cost.

For the purpose of hedge accounting, hedges are classified as:

- Fair value hedges when hedging the exposure to changes in the fair value of a recognized asset or liability or an unrecognized firm commitment.

- Cash flow hedges when hedging the exposure to variability in cash flows that is either attributable to a particular risk associated with a recognized asset or liability or a highly probable forecast transaction or the foreign currency risk in an unrecognized firm commitment

- Hedges of a net investment in a foreign operation

At the inception of a hedge relationship, the Company formally designates and documents the hedge relationship to which the Company wishes to apply hedge accounting and the risk management objective and strategy for undertaking the hedge. The documentation includes the Company’s risk management objective and strategy for undertaking hedge, the hedging/ economic relationship, the hedged item or transaction, the nature of the risk being hedged, hedge ratio and how the entity will assess the effectiveness of changes in the hedging instrument’s fair value in offsetting the exposure to changes in the hedged item’s fair value or cash flows attributable to the hedged risk. Such hedges are expected to be highly effective in achieving offsetting changes in fair value or cash flows and are assessed on an ongoing basis to determine that they actually have been highly effective throughout the financial reporting periods for which they were designated.

Subsequent to initial recognition, derivative financial instruments are measured as described below:

Cash flow hedges:

Changes in the fair value of the derivative hedging instrument designated as a cash flow hedge are recognized in other comprehensive income and held in cash flow hedging reserve, net of taxes, a component of equity, to the extent that the hedge is effective. To the extent that the hedge is ineffective, changes in fair value are recognized in the statement of profit or loss and reported within foreign exchange gains/(losses), net within results from operating activities. If the hedging instrument no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting, then hedge accounting is discontinued prospectively. If the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated or exercised, the cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognized in cash flow hedging reserve till the period the hedge was effective remains in cash flow hedging reserve until the forecasted transaction occurs.

The cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in the cash flow hedging reserve is transferred to the statement of income upon the occurrence of the related forecasted transaction. If the forecasted transaction is no longer expected to occur, such cumulative balance is immediately recognized in the statement of income.

I. Offsetting financial instruments

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the balance sheet where there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realize the asset on a net basis or realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. The legally enforceable right must not be contingent on future events and must be enforceable in the normal course of business and in the event of default, insolvency or bankruptcy of the Company or the counterparty,

m. Property, plant and equipment

(i) Recognition and measurement

Property, plant and equipment are measured at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost includes expenditures directly attributable to the acquisition of the asset. General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the construction of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost.

Freehold land is carried at historical cost and is not depreciated.

When parts of an item of property, plant and equipment have different useful lives, they are accounted for as separate items (major components) of property, plant and equipment. Subsequent expenditure relating to property, plant and equipment is capitalized only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with these will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably.

The carrying amount of any component accounted for as a separate asset is derecognized when replaced.

All other repairs and maintenance costs are charged to profit and loss in the reporting period in which they occur.

Deposits and advances paid towards the acquisition of property, plant and equipment outstanding as of each reporting date and the cost of property, plant and equipment not available for use before such date are disclosed under capital work- in-progress.

As asset''s carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset''s carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount.

(ii) Transition to Ind AS

On transition to Ind AS, the Company has decided to continue with the carrying value of all its property, plan and equipment recognized as at April 1, 2015 as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of the property, plant and equipment.

(iii) Depreciation

The Company depreciates property, plant and equipment on a straight-line basis as per the useful lives prescribed under Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of the following assets where, useful life of assets have been determined based on technical evaluation done by the management''s expert:

Assets acquired under finance lease and leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of estimated useful life of the asset or the related lease term.

The lease of land with a tenure of 95 years has been classified as finance lease and is depreciated over the lease period.

The assets residual values, useful lives and methods of depreciation are reviewed at each financial year end and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate and where appropriate.

n. Business combinations, Goodwill and Intangible Assets

(i) Business combinations:

Business combinations are accounted for using the purchase (acquisition) method. The cost of an acquisition is measured as the fair value of the assets transferred, liabilities incurred or assumed and equity instruments issued at the date of exchange by the Company. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at fair value at the date of acquisition. Transaction costs incurred in connection with a business acquisition are expensed as incurred.

The cost of an acquisition also includes the fair value of any contingent consideration measured as at the date of acquisition. Any subsequent changes to the fair value of contingent consideration classified as liabilities, other than measurement period adjustments, are recognized in the Statement of profit and loss.

(ii) Goodwill:

The excess of the cost of an acquisition over the Company’s share in the fair value of the acquiree’s identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities is recognized as goodwill. If the excess is negative, a bargain purchase gain is recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity as Capital reserve unless there is no clear evidence for the underlying reason for classification of Business combination as a bargain purchase in which case, it shall be recognized directly in equity as Capital reserve. Goodwill is not amortized but it is tested for impairment annually, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that it might be impaired, and is carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses.

(iii) Intangible assets:

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. The cost of intangible assets acquired in a business combination is their fair value at the date of acquisition. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Internally generated intangible asset arising from development activity is recognized at cost on demonstration of its technical feasibility, the intention and ability of the Company to complete, use or sell it, only if, it is probable that the asset would generate future economic benefit and the expenditure attributable to the said assets during its development can be measured reliably.

(iv) Research cost:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditures on an individual project are recognized as an intangible asset when the Company can demonstrate all the following:

- The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that the asset will be available for use or sale

- Its intention to complete and its ability and intention to use or sell the asset

- How the asset will generate future economic benefits

- The availability of adequate resources to complete the development and to use or sell of the asset

- The ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during development

Following initial recognition of the development expenditure as an asset, the asset is carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortization of the asset begins when development is complete and the asset is available for use. It is amortized on straight line basis over the period of expected future benefit, i.e. the estimated useful life of the intangible asset. Amortization expense is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. During the period of development, the asset is tested for impairment annually.

(v) Amortization periods and methods: Intangible assets are amortized on straight line basis over their estimated useful lives which are as follows:

(vi) Transition to Ind AS

On transition to Ind AS, the Company has decided to continue with the carrying value of all intangible assets recognized as at April 1, 2015 as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of intangible assets,

o. Provisions

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

The amount recognized as a provision is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period, taking into account the risks and uncertainties surrounding the obligation. The discount rate used to determine the present value is a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability. The increase in the provision due to passage of time is recognized as interest expense. When some or all of the economic benefits required to settle a provision are expected to be recovered from a third party, the receivable is recognized as an asset, if it is virtually certain that reimbursement will be received and the amount of the receivable can be measured reliably.

Provisions for onerous contracts are recognized when the expected benefits to be derived by the Company from a contract are lower than the unavoidable costs of meeting the future obligations under the contract. Provisions for onerous contracts are measured at the present value of lower of the expected net cost of fulfilling the contract and the expected cost of terminating the contract,

p. Employee benefits

(i) Post-employment and pension plans

The Company participates in various employee benefit plans. Pensions and other post-employment benefits are classified as either defined contribution plans or defined benefit plans. Under a defined contribution plan, the Company’s only obligation is to pay a fixed amount with no obligation to pay further contributions if the fund does not hold sufficient assets to pay all employee benefits. The related actuarial and investment risks fall on the employee. The expenditure for defined contribution plans is recognized as an expense during the period when the employee provides service. Under a defined benefit plan, it is the Company’s obligation to provide agreed benefits to the employees. The related actuarial and investment risks fall on the Company. The present value of the defined benefit obligations is calculated by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

The Company has the following employee benefit plans:

Provident Fund:

Employees receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined benefit plan. The employer and employees each make periodic contributions to the plan. Provident fund contributions are made to a trust administered by the Company. The contributions to the trust managed by the Company are accounted for as a defined benefit plan as the Company is liable for any shortfall in the fund assets based on the government specified minimum rates of return.

The Company’s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of the year. Actuarial losses/ gains are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise. The contributions made to the trust are recognized as plan assets. The defined benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as reduced by the fair value of plan assets.

Superannuation and family pension fund: Superannuation plan, a defined contribution scheme is administered by Life Insurance Corporation of India . The Company makes annual contributions based on a specified percentage of each eligible employee’s salary.

The Company has a defined contribution plan for post-employment benefits for all employees in the form of Family Pension Fund administered by Regional Provident Fund Commissioner.

These contributions to superannuation and family pension funds are classified as defined contribution plans as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Company’s contributions to defined contribution plans are charged to Profit or Loss as and when incurred.

Gratuity:

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the “Gratuity Plan”) covering eligible employees in accordance with the Scheme. The Gratuity plan provides for a lump sum payment to eligible employees, at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment based on the last drawn salary and years of employment with the Company. The gratuity fund is managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). The Company’s obligation in respect of the gratuity plan, is provided for based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method. The Company recognizes actuarial gains and losses immediately in other comprehensive income, net of taxes. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

(ii) Short-term benefits:

Short-term employee benefit obligations are measured on an undiscounted basis and are recorded as expense as the related service is provided. Liabilities for wages and salaries including the amount expected to be paid under short-term cash bonus or profit-sharing plans, expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized if the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation to pay this amount as a result of past service provided by the employee and the obligation can be estimated reliably.

(iii) Compensated absences:

The employees of the Company are entitled to compensated absences. The employees can carry forward a portion of the unutilized accumulating compensated absences and utilize it in future periods or receive cash at retirement or termination of employment. The Company records an obligation for compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders the services that increases this entitlement.

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed within 12 months from the end of the year are treated as short term employee benefits. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end. Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year are treated as other long term employee benefits. The Company’s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/ gains are recognized in the Profit or Loss in the year in which they arise.

(iv) Share-based payments:

Selected employees of the Company receive remuneration in the form of equity settled instruments, for rendering services over a defined vesting period. The cost of equity-settled transactions is determined by the fair value at the date when the grant is made using an appropriate valuation model.

The cost is recognized, together with a corresponding increase in share-based payment (SBP) reserves in equity, over the period in which the performance and/or service conditions are fulfilled in employee benefits expense. The cumulative expense recognized for equity-settled transactions at each reporting date until the vesting date reflects the extent to which the vesting period has expired and the Group’s best estimate of the number of equity instruments that will ultimately vest. The statement of profit and loss expense or credit for a period represents the movement in cumulative expense recognized as at the beginning and end of that period and is recognized in employee benefits expense.

Service and non-market performance conditions are not taken into account when determining the grant date fair value of awards, but the likelihood of the conditions being met is assessed as part of the Group’s best estimate of the number of equity instruments that will ultimately vest. Market performance conditions are reflected within the grant date fair value. Any other conditions attached to an award, but without an associated service requirement, are considered to be non-vesting conditions. Non-vesting conditions are reflected in the fair value of an award and lead to an immediate expensing of an award unless there are also service and/or performance conditions.

No expense is recognized for awards that do not ultimately vest because non-market performance and/or service conditions have not been met. Where awards include a market or non-vesting condition, the transactions are treated as vested irrespective of whether the market or non-vesting condition is satisfied, provided that all other performance and/or service conditions are satisfied.

Where the Company grants rights to its equity instruments to the employees of its subsidiaries it measures its obligations in accordance with requirements applicable to equity settled share based payment transactions. In such cases the subsidiaries measure the service received from its employees and recognize a corresponding increase in equity as a contribution from parent while the Company recognizes an increase in its investment in the subsidiary, except for grants with repayment arrangements.

When the terms of an equity-settled award are modified, the minimum expense recognized is the expense had the terms had not been modified, if the original terms of the award are met. An additional expense is recognized for any modification that increases the total fair value of the share-based payment transaction, or is otherwise beneficial to the employee as measured at the date of modification. Where an award is cancelled by the entity or by the counterparty, any remaining element of the fair value of the award is expensed immediately through profit or loss.

q. Contributed Equity

Equity shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares or options are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax, from proceeds,

r. Dividends

Provision is made for the amount of any dividend declared, being appropriately authorized and no longer at the discretion of the entity, on or before the end of the reporting period but not distributed at the end of the reporting period,

s. Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period unless they have been issued at a later date.

t. Rounding of amounts

All amounts disclosed in the financial statements and notes have been rounded off to nearest lakhs as per the requirement of Schedule III, unless otherwise stated,

u. Recent accounting pronouncements

Standards issued but not yet effective

In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendments to Ind AS 7, ‘Statement of cash flows’ and Ind AS 102, ‘Share-based payment.’ These amendments are in accordance with the recent amendments made by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to IAS 7, ‘Statement of cash flows’ and IFRS 2, ‘Share-based payment,’ respectively. The amendments are applicable to the company from April 1,2017.

Amendment to Ind AS 7:

The amendment to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the balance sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.

The company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and the effect on the financial statements is being evaluated.

Amendment to Ind AS 102:

The amendment to Ind AS 102 provides specific guidance to measurement of cash-settled awards, modification of cash-settled awards and awards that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes.

It clarifies that the fair value of cash-settled awards is determined on a basis consistent with that used for equity-settled awards. Market-based performance conditions and non-vesting conditions are reflected in the ‘fair values’, but non-market performance conditions and service vesting conditions are reflected in the estimate of the number of awards expected to vest. Also, the amendment clarifies that if the terms and conditions of a cash-settled share-based payment transaction are modified with the result that it becomes an equity-settled share-based payment transaction, the transaction is accounted for as such from the date of the modification. Further, the amendment requires the award that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes to be treated as equity-settled in its entirety. The cash payment to the tax authority is treated as if it was part of an equity settlement.

The company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and the impact on the financial statements is being evaluated.

3. Critical estimates and judgments

The preparation of the financial statements requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Actual results may differ from those estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimates are revised and in any future periods affected. In particular, information about significant areas of estimation, uncertainty and critical judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the financial statements are included in the following notes:

The areas involving critical estimates and/or judgments are:

a. Revenue recognition

The Company uses the percentage-of-completion method in accounting for its fixed-price contracts. Use of the percentage-of-completion method requires the Company to estimate the efforts or costs expended to date as a proportion of the total efforts or costs to be expended. Efforts or costs expended have been used to measure progress towards completion as there is a direct relationship between input and productivity. Provisions for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the expected contract estimates at the reporting date.

b. Business combinations

In accounting for business combinations, judgment is required in identifying whether an identifiable intangible asset is to be recorded separately from goodwill. Additionally, estimating the acquisition date fair value of the identifiable assets acquired, and liabilities and contingent consideration involves management judgment. These measurements are based on information available at the acquisition date and are based on expectations and assumptions that have been deemed reasonable by management. Changes in these judgments, estimates, and assumptions can materially affect the results of operations.

c. Goodwill

Goodwill is tested for impairment at least annually and when events occur or changes in circumstances indicate that the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit is less than its carrying value. The recoverable amount of cash generating units is higher of value-in-use and fair value less cost to sell. The calculation involves use of significant estimates and assumptions which includes turnover and earnings multiples, growth rates and net margins used to calculate projected future cash flows, risk-adjusted discount rate, future economic and market conditions.

d. Defined benefit obligation

The cost of the defined benefit plans and the present value of the defined benefit obligation are based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases and mortality rates. Due to the complexities involved in the valuation and its long-term nature, a defined benefit obligation is highly sensitive to changes in these assumptions. All assumptions are reviewed at each reporting date. Also refer note 15.

e. Employee stock options

The Company initially measures the cost of equity-settled transactions with employees using a Black Scholes Options Pricing model to determine the fair value of the liability incurred. Estimating fair value for share-based payment transactions requires determination of the most appropriate valuation model and the performance of the Company, which is dependent on the terms and conditions of the grant.

This estimate also requires determination of the most appropriate inputs to the valuation model including the expected life of the share option, volatility and dividend yield and making assumptions about them.

The assumptions and models used for estimating fair value for share-based payment transactions are disclosed in note 31.


Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of preparation

These Financial Statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under historical cost convention on accrual basis,except for certain forward contracts which are being carried at fair value. Pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, till the standards of accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and services and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycles as 12 months for the purpose of current -non current classification of assets and liabilities.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP, requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the current and future periods.

c. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software maintenance, development and allied services comprises of revenues earned from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue from time and material contracts is recognised as the related services are performed. Revenue from fixed price contracts are recognised using the proportionate completion method of accounting. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the stage of completion is reflected in the period in which the change becomes known. Provisions for estimated losses on such engagements are made during the period in which such losses become probable and can be reasonably estimated. Amounts included in the financial statements, which relate to recoverable costs and accrued profits not yet billed on contracts, are included in other current assets as Accrued Income (Unbilled Services). Billings on incomplete contracts in excess of accrued costs and accrued profits are included in other current liabilities as Deferred Revenue. Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognised on transfer of title in the user license.

d. Other Income

(i) Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the Company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and the then carrying amount of the investment.

(ii) Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established.

(iii) Interest income on time deposits is recognised using the time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and applicable interest rates.

e. Leases

As a lessee:

Finance Lease

Assets acquired under finance lease agreements are capitalised at the inception of lease, at lower of the fair value and present value of minimum lease payments, and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Lease rentals are allocated between the liability and the Finance cost, so as to obtain a uniform periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each period. The outstanding liability is included in borrowings. The Finance cost is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease period.

Operating Lease As a lessee:

Lease arrangements under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the period of lease.

f. Tangible Assets

Tangible assets are stated at acquisition cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost of tangible assets comprises purchase price, duties, levies and any directly attributable costs of bringing the asset to its working conditions for the intended use, net of refundable taxes.

Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Tangible assets under construction are disclosed as capital work-in-progress.

g. Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition. Internally generated intangible asset arising from development activity is recognised at cost on demonstration of its technical feasibility, the intention and ability of the Company to complete, use or sell it, only if, it is probable that the asset would generate future economic benefit and the expenditure attributable to the said assets during its development can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization.

Capital Work-in-Progress includes the costs of fixed assets that are not ready for their intended use at the Balance Sheet date.

Goodwill arising on acquisition of business is presented as an intangible asset. Goodwill comprises the excess of purchase consideration over the carrying value of the net assets of the acquired business.

h. Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is computed on a straight- line method as per the useful lives prescribed under Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of the following assets (based on technical evaluation):

Class of Useful life as Useful |ife Asset prescribed as followed in Schedule by the II Company

Server and Networking Equipment 6 years 4 years

The Company has during the year revised the estimated useful life of Computers from 4 years to 3 years as specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. Accordingly,the written down value of the assets, where the remaining useful life as on April 1,2014 is NIL, has been recognised in the opening balance of retained earnings, based on the transitional provision referred to in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

The impact on account of this change on the profit for the year, is not material.

ii. Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are amortised on straight line basis over their estimated useful lives:

Class of Asset Useful Life

Intangible Assets - Software 1-3 years

Goodwill 5 years

Technical Know-how 3 years

i. Impairment

The assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of nassets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

j. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long- term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

k. Employee Retirement Benefits

i. Provident Fund:

Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of the year. Actuarial losses/ gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

The contributions made to the trust are recognised as plan assets. The defined benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as reduced by the fair value of plan assets.

ii. Gratuity:

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the "Gratuity Plan") covering eligible employees in accordance with the Scheme. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/ gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

iii. Superannuation:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for Post-employment benefits for eligible employees in the form of Superannuation Fund administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India.

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for Post-employment benefits for all employees in the form of Family Pension Fund administered by Regional Provident Fund Commissioner.

These funds are classified as defined contribution plans as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Company''s contributions to Defined Contribution Plans are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

iv. Compensated Absences:

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed within 12 months from the end of the year are treated as short term employee benefits. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end.

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year are treated as other long term employee benefits. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/ gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

l. Foreign Currency Transactions

i) On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii) As at the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

iii) Monetary assets and monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates, and the resulting exchange differences are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except for the exchange differences arising on monetary item that, in substance, form a part of the Company''s net investment in non-integral foreign operation, which are accumulated in a Foreign Currency Translation Reserve until the disposal of net investment.

iv) Foreign operations are classified as either ''integral'' or ''non-integral'' operations. Exchange differences arising on a monetary item that, in substance, forms part of an enterprise''s net investment in a non- integral foreign operation are accumulated in the Foreign Currency Translation Reserve until the disposal of the net investment, at which time they are recognised as income or as expenses. The Financial statements of an integral foreign operation are translated using the principles and procedures as if the translations of the foreign operation are those of the Company itself.

m. Financial Instruments

The Company early adopted Accounting Standard (AS) 30 "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, along with the consequent limited revisions to other accounting standards, except so far as they are in conflict with other mandatory accounting standards and other regulatory requirements.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of these foreign exchange forward contracts reduces the risk or cost to the Company and the Company does not usethe foreign exchange forward contracts for trading or speculation purposes.

Forward contracts are fair valued at each reporting date. Changes in the fair values of forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges are recognized directly in the Hedging Reserve Account and reclassified into the Statement of Profit and Loss upon the occurrence of the hedged transaction. Changes in fair value relating to the ineffective portion of the hedges and derivatives not designated as hedges are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as they arise.

Non-Derivative Financial Instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity. Financial assets of the Company mainly include cash and bank balances, trade receivables, accrued income (unbilled services), employee travel and other advances, other loans and advances and derivative financial instruments with a positive fair value. Financial liabilities of the Company mainly comprise trade payables, accrued expenses and derivative financial instruments with a negative fair value. Financial assets / liabilities are recognized on the Balance Sheet when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any objective evidence that a financial asset or group of financial assets is impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the amount of impairment loss as the difference between the assets carrying amount and undiscounted amount of future cash flows, which is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The Company measures the short-term payables with no stated rate of interest at original invoice amount, if the effect of discounting is immaterial.

n. Employee Stock Option Schemes

Stock options granted to employees under Employee Stock Option 2002 Scheme and Employee Stock Option 2006 Scheme are accounted as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999, issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India and the guidance note on employee share based payment issued by ICAI. Accordingly, the intrinsic value of the option being the excess of the market value of the stock options as on the date of the grant over the exercise price of the options is recognised as deferred employee compensation and is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss over the vesting period. In the case of graded vesting, the vesting period is determined separately for each portion of the option. The unamortised portion of the cost is shown under "Reserves and Surplus".

The options that lapse are reversed by credit to employee compensation expense, equal to the amortised portion of value of lapsed portion and credit to deferred employee compensation expense equal to the un- amortised portion.

o. Taxation

Current Tax

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions. Deferred Tax

Deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from the timing differences are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Deferred tax assets are recognised for tax loss and depreciation carried forward to the extent that the realisation of the related tax benefit through the future taxable profits is virtually certain and is supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable profits can be realised.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT)

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay income tax higher than that computed under MAT, during the period that MAT is permitted to be set off under the Income Tax Act, 1961 (specified period). In the year, in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the guidance note issued by the ICAI, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of Profit and Loss and shown as MAT credit entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each Balance Sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay income tax higher than MAT during the specified period.

p. Provisions and contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of a past event and, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimate required to settle the present obligation at the balance sheet date. Provisions are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect current best estimates. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources.

q. Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period unless they have been issued at a later date.

r. Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents includes cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of preparation

The Financial Statements of Zensar Technologies Limited are prepared under historical cost convention as a going concern on accrual basis and to comply in all material aspects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards notified under section 211(3C), [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act).

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non- current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and services and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycles as 12 months for the purpose of current -non current classification of assets and liabilities.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the current and future periods.

c. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development and allied services comprises of revenues earned from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue from time and material contracts is recognised as the related services are performed. Revenue from fixed price contracts are recognised using the proportionate completion method of accounting. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the stage of completion is reflected in the period in which the change becomes known. Provisions for estimated losses on such engagements are made during the period in which such losses become probable and can be reasonably estimated. Amounts included in the financial statements, which relate to recoverable costs and accrued profits not yet billed on contracts, are included in other current assets as Accrued Income (Unbilled Services). Billings on incomplete contracts in excess of accrued costs and accrued profits are included in other current liabilities as Deferred Revenue. Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognised on transfer of title in the user license.

d. Other Income

(i) Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the Company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and the then carrying amount of the investment.

(ii) Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established.

(iii) Interest income on time deposits is recognised using the time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and applicable interest rates.

e. Software development expenses

Application software and software purchased for use in the development of software for customers is charged to revenue over the life of the project.

f. Leases

As a lessee: Finance Lease

Assets acquired under finance lease agreements are capitalised at the inception of lease, at lower of the fair value and present value of minumum lease payments, and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Lease rentals are allocated between the liability and the interest cost, so as to obtain a uniform periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each period. The outstanding liability is included in borrowings. The interest cost is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease period.

As a lessee: Operating Lease

Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the period of lease.

g. Tangible Assets

Tangible assets are stated at acquisition cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost of tangible asset comprises purchase price, duties, levies and any directly attributable costs of bringing the asset to its working conditions for the intended use, less CENVAT credit.

h. Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition. Internally generated intangible asset arising from development activity is recognised at cost on demonstration of its technical feasibility, the intention and ability of the Company to complete, use or sell it, only if, it is probable that the asset would generate future economic benefit and the expenditure attributable to the said assets during its development can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization.

Capital Work-in-Progress includes the costs of fixed assets that are not ready for their intended use at the Balance Sheet date.

i. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method over their useful lives at rates which are higher than the rates (except for Building) prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

I. Tangible Assets

The estimated useful lives and rates of depreciation for various fixed assets are as follows:

j. Impairment

The management periodically assesses, using external and internal sources whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If an asset is impaired, the Company recognises an impairment loss as the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over the recoverable amount.

k. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments.

Investments in overseas subsidiaries and jointly owned entities are recognised at the relevant exchange rates prevailing on the dates of allotment of the investments.

l. Employee Retirement Benefits

i. Superannuation:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for Post- employment benefits for all employees in the form of Superannuation Fund administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India and Family Pension Fund administered by Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. These funds are classified as defined contribution plans as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Company''s contributions to Defined Contribution Plans are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

ii. Gratuity:

The Company has a defined benefit plan for Post-employment benefit in the form of Gratuity for all employees, administered through Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), AVIVA Life Insurance Company Private Limited (AVIVA) and a trust which is administered by the trustees. Liability for above defined benefit plan is provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method.

iii. Provident Fund:

The Company has a Post-employment benefit plan in the form of provident fund for all the employees, administered through a Trust. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of the year and any shortfall in the fund size maintained by the Trust set up by the Company is additionally provided for. Actuarial losses/gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

iv. Compensated Absences:

Liability for Compensated Absences is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Actuarial valuation method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method. In respect of encashment of leave, the Defined Benefit Obligation is calculated taking into account all types of decrement and qualifying salary projected up to the assumed date of encashment.

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed within 12 months from the end of the year end are treated as short term employee benefits. Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year endare treated as other long term employee benefits.

v. Termination Benefits

Termination benefits are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as an expense as and when incurred.

vi. The Actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss without resorting to any amortisation.

m. Foreign Currency Transactions

i) Realised gains and losses on foreign currency transactions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii) Monetary current assets and monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates, and the resulting exchange differences are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except for the exchange differences arising on monetary item that, in substance, form a part of the Company''s net investment in non- integral foreign operation, which are accumulated in a Foreign Currency Translation Reserve until the disposal of net investment.

n. Financial Instruments

The Company early adopted Accounting Standard (AS) 30 "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, along with the consequent limited revisions to other accounting standards, except so far as they are in conflict with other mandatory accounting standards and other regulatory requirements.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of these foreign exchange forward contracts reduces the risk or cost to the Company and the Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contracts for trading or speculation purposes.

Forward contracts are fair valued at each reporting date. Changes in the fair values of forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges are recognized directly in the Hedging Reserve Account and reclassified into the Statement of Profit and Loss upon the occurrence of the hedged transaction. Changes in fair value relating to the ineffective portion of the hedges and derivatives not designated as hedges are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as they arise.

Non-Derivative Financial Instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity. Financial assets of the Company mainly include cash and bank balances, trade receivables, accrued income (unbilled services), employee travel and other advances, other loans and advances and derivative financial instruments with a positive fair value. Financial liabilities of the Company mainly comprise trade payables, accrued expenses and derivative financial instruments with a negative fair value. Financial assets / liabilities are recognized on the Balance Sheet when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any objective evidence that a financial asset or group of financial assets is impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the amount of impairment loss as the difference between the assets carrying amount and undiscounted amount of future cash flows, which is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The Company measures the short-term payables with no stated rate of interest at original invoice amount, if the effect of discounting is immaterial.

o. Translation of Foreign operations

Foreign operations are classified as either ''integral'' or ''non- integral'' operations. Exchange differences arising on a monetary item that, in substance, forms part of an enterprise''s net investment in a non-integral foreign operation are accumulated in the Foreign Currency Translation Reserve until the disposal of the net investment, at which time they are recognised as income or as expenses. The Financial statements of an integral foreign operation are translated using the principles and procedures as if the translations of the foreign operation are those of the Company itself.

p. Employee Stock Option Schemes

Stock options granted to employees under Employee Stock Option Schemes are accounted as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999, issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. Accordingly, the excess of the market value of the stock options as on the date of the grant over the exercise price of the options is recognised as deferred employee compensation and is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss over the vesting period. In the case of graded vesting, the vesting period is determined separately for each portion of the option. The unamortised portion of the cost is shown under "Reserves and Surplus".

q. Taxation Current Tax

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in acccordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred Tax

Deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from the timing differences are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Deferred tax assets are recognised for tax loss and depreciation carried forward to the extent that the realisation of the related tax benefit through the future taxable profits is virtually certain and is supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable profits can be realised.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT)

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay income tax higher than that computed under MAT, during the period that MAT is permitted to be set off under the Income Tax Act, 1961 (specified period). In the year, in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the guidance note issued by the ICAI, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of Profit and Loss and shown as MAT credit entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each Balance Sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay income tax higher than MAT during the specified period.

r. Provisions and contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of a past event and, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. Provisions are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect current best estimates. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources.

s. Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period unless they have been issued at a later date.

t. Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents includes cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of preparation of financial statements

The Financial Statements of Zensar Technologies Limited are prepared under historical cost convention as a going concern on accrual basis and to comply in all material aspects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards notified under section 211(3C), [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act).

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non- current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and services and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycles as 12 months for the purpose of current -non current classification of assets and liabilities.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

c. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development and allied services comprises of revenues earned from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue from time and material contracts is recognized as the related services are performed. Revenue from fixed price contracts are recognised using the proportionate completion method of accounting. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the stage of completion is reflected in the period in which the change becomes known. Provisions for estimated losses on such engagements are made during the period in which such losses become probable and can be reasonably estimated. Amounts included in the financial statements, which relate to recoverable costs and accrued profits not yet billed on contracts, are included in other current assets as Accrued Income (Unbilled Services). Billings on incomplete contracts in excess of accrued costs and accrued profits are included in other current liabilities as Deferred Revenue. Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognized on transfer of title in the user license.

d. Income from Investments

(i) Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the Company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and the then carrying amount of the investment.

(ii) Dividend income is recognized when the Company's right to receive dividend is established.

(iii) Interest income on time deposits is recognized using the time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and applicable interest rates.

e. Software development expenses

Application software and software purchased for use in the development of software for customers is charged to revenue over the life of the project.

f. Leases Finance Lease

Assets acquired under finance lease agreements are capitalized at the inception of lease, at lower of the fair value and present value of minimum lease payments, and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Lease rentals are allocated between the liability and the interest cost, so as to obtain a uniform periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each period. The outstanding liability is included in borrowings. The interest cost is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease period.

Operating Lease

Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the period of lease.

g. Fixed Assets

Tangible assets are stated at acquisition cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost of tangible asset comprises purchase price, duties, levies and any directly attributable costs of bringing the asset to its working conditions for the intended use, less CENVAT credit.

Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition. Internally generated intangible asset arising from development activity is recognized at cost on demonstration of its technical feasibility, the intention and ability of the Company to complete, use or sell it, only if, it is probable that the asset would generate future economic benefit and the expenditure attributable to the said assets during its development can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization.

Capital Work-in-Progress includes the costs of fixed assets that are not ready for their intended use at the Balance Sheet date.

h. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method over their useful lives at rates which are higher than the rates (except for Building) prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

The estimated useful lives and rates of depreciation for various fixed assets are as follows:

i. Impairment

The management periodically assesses, using external and internal sources whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If an asset is impaired, the Company recognizes an impairment loss as the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over the recoverable amount.

j. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments.

Investments in overseas subsidiaries and jointly owned entities are recognized at the relevant exchange rates prevailing on the dates of allotment of the investments.

k. Employee Retirement Benefits

i. Superannuation:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for Post-employment benefits for all employees in the form of Superannuation Fund administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India and Family Pension Fund administered by Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. These funds are classified as defined contribution plans as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Company's contributions to Defined Contribution Plans are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

ii. Gratuity:

The Company has a defined benefit plan for Post-employment benefit in the form of Gratuity for all employees, administered through Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), AVIVA Life Insurance Company Private Limited (AVIVA) and a trust which is administered by the trustees. Liability for above defined benefit plan is provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method.

iii. Provident Fund:

The Company has a Post-employment benefit plan in the form of provident fund for all the employees, administered through a Trust. The Company's liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of the year and any shortfall in the fund size maintained by the Trust set up by the Company is additionally provided for. Actuarial losses/gains are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

iv. Compensated Absences:

Liability for Compensated Absences is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Actuarial valuation method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method. In respect of encashment of leave, the Defined Benefit Obligation is calculated taking into account all types of decrement and qualifying salary projected up to the assumed date of encashment.

accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encased within 12 months from the end of the year end are treated as short term employee benefits. Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encased beyond 12 months from the end of the yearend are treated as other long term employee benefits.

v. Termination Benefits

Termination benefits are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss as an expense as and when incurred.

vi. The Actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss without resorting to any amortization.

I. Foreign Currency Transactions

I) Realized gains and losses on foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii) Monetary current assets and monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates, and the resulting exchange differences are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except for the exchange differences arising on monetary item that, in substance, form a part of the Company's net investment in non-integral foreign operation.

which are accumulated in a Foreign Currency Translation Reserve until the disposal of net investment.

m. Financial Instruments

The Company early adopted Accounting Standard (AS) 30 "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, along with the consequent limited revisions to other accounting standards, except so far as they are in conflict with other mandatory accounting standards and other regulatory requirements.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of these foreign exchange forward contracts reduces the risk or cost to the Company and the Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contracts for trading or speculation purposes.

Forward contracts are fair valued at each reporting date. Changes in the fair values of forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges are recognized directly in the Hedging Reserve Account and reclassified into the Statement of Profit and Loss upon the occurrence of the hedged transaction. Changes in fair value relating to the ineffective portion of the hedges and derivatives not designated as hedges are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss as they arise.

Non-Derivative Financial Instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity. Financial assets of the Company mainly include cash and bank balances, trade receivables, accrued income (unbilled services), employee travel and other advances, other loans and advances and derivative financial instruments with a positive fair value. Financial liabilities of the Company mainly comprise trade payables, accrued expenses and derivative financial instruments with a negative fair value. Financial assets / liabilities are recognized on the Balance Sheet when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any objective evidence that a financial asset or group of financial assets is impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the amount of impairment loss as the difference between the assets carrying amount and undiscounted amount of future cash flows, which is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The Company measures the short-term payables with no stated rate of interest at original invoice amount, if the effect of discounting is immaterial.

n. Foreign Branches

All income and expenditure transactions of the foreign branches during the year are included in these Financial Statements at the average rate of exchange. Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at rates prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Non- monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Depreciation on fixed assets is recognized as per the Company's policy referred to in Note 1(h) above. Net gain/loss on foreign currency translation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

o. Employee Stock Option Schemes

Stock options granted to employees under Employee Stock Option Schemes are accounted as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999, issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. Accordingly, the excess of the market value of the stock options as on the date of the grant over the exercise price of the options is recognized as deferred employee compensation and is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss over the vesting period. In the case of graded vesting, the vesting period is determined separately for each portion of the option. The unamortized portion of the cost is shown under "Reserves and Surplus".

p. Taxation

Current Tax

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred Tax

Deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from the timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Deferred tax assets are recognized for tax loss and depreciation carried forward to the extent that the realization of the related tax benefit through the future taxable profits is virtually certain and is supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable profits can be realized.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT)

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay income tax higher than that computed under MAT, during the period that MAT is permitted to be set off under the Income Tax Act, 1961 (specified period). In the year, in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the guidance note issued by the ICAI, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of Profit and Loss and shown as MAT credit entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each Balance Sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay income tax higher than MAT during the specified period.

q. Provisions and contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of a past event and, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. Provisions are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect current best estimates. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources.

r. Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the period by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period unless they have been issued at a later date.

(ii) Terms/Rights attached to Equity Shares

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holder of equity shares will be entitled to receive any of the remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. However, no such preferential amounts exist currently. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

The Board of Directors in their meeting on January 24, 2012, declared an interim dividend of Rs. 3 per equity share. The board of directors in their meeting on 25th April, 2012, proposed the final dividend of Rs. 4 per equity share. The total dividend appropriation for the year ended March 31,2012 amounted to Rs. 3531.21 lakhs including corporate dividend tax of Rs. 492.69 lakhs.


Mar 31, 2011

(a) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of Zensar Technologies Limited are prepared under historical cost convention as a going concern on accrual basis and to comply in all material aspects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards notified under section 211(3C) and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act).

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the current and future periods.

(c) Revenue Recognition

Revenues from software development and allied services consist of revenues earned from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue from time and material contracts are recognised as the related services are performed. Revenues from fixed price engagements are recognized using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the percent complete is reflected in the period in which the change becomes known. Provisions for estimated losses on such engagements are made during the period in which a loss becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated. Amounts included in the financial statements, which relate to recoverable costs and accrued profits not yet billed on contracts, are classified in current assets as Accrued Income (Unbilled Services). Billings on incomplete contracts in excess of accrued costs and accrued profits are classified in current liabilities. Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognised on transfer of the title

(d) Income from Investments

(i) Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the Company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and the then carrying amount of the investment.

(ii) Dividend income is recognised when the Companys right to receive dividend is established.

(iii) Interest income on time deposits is recognised using the time proportion method based on underlying interest rates.

(e) Software development expenses

Application software and software purchased for use in the development of software for customers is charged to revenue over the life of the project.

(f) Fixed Assets, Intangible Assets and Capital Work-in-Progress

Fixed assets are stated at actual cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost of Fixed Asset comprises purchase price, duties, levies and any directly attributable costs of bringing the asset to its working conditions for the intended use, less CENVAT credit.

Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition. Internally generated intangible asset arising from development activity is recognised at cost on demonstration of its technical feasibility, the intention and ability of the Company to complete, use or sell it, only if, it is probable that the asset would generate future economic benefit and the expenditure attributable to the said assets during its development can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization.

Capital Work-in-Progress includes advances paid to acquire fixed assets, and the costs of fixed assets that are not ready for their intended use at the balance sheet date.

(g) Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is computed on the straight- line method over their useful lives at rates which are higher than the rates (except for Building) prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

(h) Impairment

The management periodically assesses, using external and internal sources whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If an asset is impaired, the Company recognises an impairment loss as the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over the recoverable amount.

(i) Investments

Investments are classified as current investments and long-term investments based on the Managements intention at the time of purchase. Long-term investments are carried at cost and provision is made to recognise any diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair market value. Also refer paragraph (k) (iii) below.

(j) Employee Retirement Benefits: i. Superannuation:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for Post employment benefits for all employees in the form of Superannuation Fund administered by Life Insurance Corporation and Family Pension Fund administered by Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. These funds are classified as defined contribution plans as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Companys contributions to Defined Contribution Plans are charged to the Profit and Loss Account as and when incurred.

ii. Gratuity:

The Company has a defined benefit plan for Post- employment benefit in the form of Gratuity for all employees, who are administered through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC), AVIVA Life Insurance Company Private Limited (AVIVA) and a trust which is administered by the trustees. Liability for above defined benefit plan is provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method.

iii. Provident Fund:

The Company has a post-employment benefit plan in the form of provident fund for all the employees, administered through a trust. Liability for this plan is charged based on contributions. Further, the Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

iv. Compensated Absences:

Liability for Compensated Absences is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Actuarial valuation method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method. In respect of encashment of leave, the Defined Benefit Obligation is calculated taking into account all types of decrement and qualifying salary projected up to the assumed date of encashment.

v. Termination benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

vi. The Actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account of the year without resorting to any amortisation.

(k) Foreign Currency Transactions

i) Realised gains and losses on foreign currency revenue transactions are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

ii) Monetary current assets and monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates, and the resulting exchange differences are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account, except for the

exchange differences arising on a monetary item that, in substance, forms a part of the Companys net investment in a non-integral foreign operation, which are accumulated in a Foreign Currency Translation Reserve until the disposal of net investment.

iii) Investments in overseas subsidiaries and jointly owned entities are recognised at the relevant exchange rates prevailing on the dates of allotment of the investments.

(l) Financial instruments

The Company early adopted Accounting Standard (AS) 30 "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, along with the consequent limited revisions to other accounting standards, except so far as they are in conflict with other mandatory accounting standards and other regulatory requirements

Derivative financial instruments

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts and options to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of these foreign exchange forward contracts and options reduces the risk or cost to the Company and the Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contracts or options for trading or speculation purposes.

Forward and options contracts are fair valued at each reporting date. Changes in the fair values of forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges are recognized directly in the Hedging Reserve Account and reclassified into the Profit and Loss Account upon the occurrence of the hedged transaction. Changes in fair value relating to the ineffective portion of the hedges and derivatives not designated as hedges are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account as they arise.

Non-Derivative Financial Instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity. Financial assets of the Company mainly include cash and bank balances, sundry debtors, accrued income (unbilled services), employee travel and other advances, other loans and advances and derivative financial instruments with a positive fair value. Financial liabilities of the Company mainly comprise sundry creditors, accrued expenses and derivative financial instruments with a negative fair value. Financial assets / liabilities are recognized on the Balance Sheet

when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any objective evidence that a financial asset or group of financial assets is impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the amount of impairment loss as the difference between the assets carrying amount and undiscounted amount of future cash flows, which is recognised in the Profit and Loss account.

Short-term receivables with no stated interest rates are measured at original invoice amount, if the effect of discounting is immaterial. Non-interest-bearing deposits are discounted to their present value.

The Company measures the short-term payables with no stated rate of interest at original invoice amount, if the effect of discounting is immaterial.

(m) Foreign Branches

All income and expenditure transactions of the foreign branches during the year are included in these Financial Statements at the average rate of exchange. Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at rates prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Depreciation on fixed assets is recognised as per the Companys policy referred to in paragraph 1(g) above. Net gain/loss on foreign currency translation is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

(n) Employee Stock Option Schemes

Stock options granted to employees under Employee Stock Option Schemes are accounted as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999, issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. Accordingly, the excess of the market value of the stock options as on the date of the grant over the exercise price of the options is recognised as deferred employee compensation and is charged to Profit and Loss Account over the vesting period. In the case of graded vesting, the vesting period is determined separately for each portion of the option. The unamortised portion of the cost is shown under "Reserves and Surplus".

(o) Taxation

Current Tax

Provision for current tax is made and retained in the Accounts on the basis of estimated tax liability as per the applicable provisions.

Deferred Tax

Deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from the timing differences are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Deferred tax assets are recognised for tax loss and depreciation carried forward to the extent that the realisation of the related tax benefit through the future taxable profits is virtually certain and is supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable profits can be realised.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT)

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay income tax higher than that computed under MAT, during the period that MAT is permitted to be set off under the Income Tax Act, 1961 (specified period). In the year, in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the guidance note issued by the ICAI, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Profit and Loss account and shown as MAT credit entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each Balance Sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay income tax higher than MAT during the specified period.

(p) Provisions and contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of a past event and, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect current best estimates. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources.

(q) Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the period

by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period unless they have been issued at a later date.

2. (a) During the previous year, pursuant to the Scheme of Amalgamation of the Companys wholly owned Subsidiaries, erstwhile Zensar OBT Technologies Limited (ZOBT) and Zensar Transformation Services Limited (ZTSL) (i.e. the transferor companies), were amalgamated with the Company. The Scheme of amalgamation was sanctioned by the Honble High Court of Judicature at Bombay vide its order dated April 9, 2010. The "Appointed Date" of the Scheme was April 1, 2009. In accordance with the said Scheme and as per the approval of the Honble High Court of Judicature at Bombay, net assets of Rs. 1419.68 lakhs of the transferor Companies were transferred to and vested in the Company with effect from April 1st, 2009. The Scheme had, accordingly, been given effect to in the financial statements for the year ended March 31st, 2010.

(b) The amalgamation was accounted for under the "pooling of interests" method as prescribed by Accounting Standard (AS-14) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. In accordance with the scheme, the difference of Rs. 337.25 lakhs between the amount recorded as share capital issued and the amount of share capital of the transferor company was adjusted in the General Reserve.


Mar 31, 2010

(a) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of Zensar Technologies Limited are prepared under historical cost convention as a going concern on accrual basis and to comply in all material aspects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards notified under section 21K3C) and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act).

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the current and future periods.

(c) Revenue Recognition

Revenues from software development and allied services consist of revenues earned from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue from time and material contracts are recognised as the related services are performed. Revenues from fixed price engagements are recognized using the percentage-of- completion method of accounting. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the percent complete is reflected in the period in which the change becomes known. Provisions for estimated losses on such engagements are made during the period in which a loss becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated. Amounts included in the financial statements, which relate to recoverable costs and accrued profits not yet billed on contracts, are classified in current assets as Accrued Income (Unbilled Services). Billings on incomplete contracts in excess of accrued costs and accrued profits are classified in current liabilities. Revenue from the sale of user licences for software applications is recognised on transfer of the title in the user licence.

Income from Investments

(i) Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the Company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and the then carrying amount of the investment.

(ii) Dividend income is recognised when the Companys right to receive dividend is established.

(iii) Interest income on time deposits is recognised using the time proportion method based on underlying interest rates.

(d) Software development expenses

Application software and software purchased for use in the development of software for customers is charged to revenue over the life of the project.

(e) Fixed Assets, Intangible Assets and Capital Work-in- Progress Fixed assets are stated at actual cost less accumulated depreciation. The actual cost capitalised includes material cost, freight, insurance, installation cost, duties and taxes, finance charges and other incidental expenses incurred during the construction/ installation stage.

Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition. Internally generated intangible asset arising from development activity is recognised at cost on demonstration of its technical feasibility, the intention and ability of the Company to complete, use or sell it, only if, it is probable that the asset would generate future economic benefit and the expenditure attributable to the said assets during its development can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization.

Capital Work-in-Progress includes advances paid to acquire fixed assets, and the costs of fixed assets that are not ready for their intended useatthe balance sheet date.

(f) Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is computed on the straight-line method over their useful lives at rates which are higher than the rates (except for Building) prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in theyearof acquisition.

(g) Impairment

The management periodically assesses, using external and internal sources whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If an asset is impaired, the Company recognises an impairment loss as the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over the recoverable amount.

(h) Investments

Investments are classified as current investments and long-term investments based on the Managements intention at the time of purchase. Long-term investments are carried at cost and provision is made to recognise any diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair market value. Also refer paragraph (j) (iii) below.

(i) Employee Retirement Benefits:

(i) Superannuation:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for Post employment benefits for all employees in the form of Superannuation Fund administered by Life Insurance Corporation and Family Pension Fund administered by Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. These funds are classified as defined contribution plans as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Companys contributions to Defined Contribution Plans are charged to the Profit and Loss Account as and when incurred.

(ii) Gratuity:

The Company has a defined benefit plan for Post- employment benefit in the form of Gratuity for all employees who are administered through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC), AVIVA Life Insurance Company Private Limited (AVIVA) and a trust which is administered by the trustees. Liability for above defined benefit plan is provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method.

(iii) Provident Fund:

The Company has a post-employment benefit plan in the form of provident fund for all the employees which are administered through a trust administered by the trustees. Liability for this plan is charged based on contributions. Further, the Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the investments ofthe trust and the notified interest rate.

(iv) Compensated Absences:

Liability for Compensated Absences is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Actuarial valuation method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method. In respect of encashment of leave, the Defined Benefit Obligation is calculated taking into account all types of decrement and qualifying salary projected up to the assumed date of encashment.

(v) Termination benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

(vi) The Actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account of the year without resorting to any amortisation.

(j) Foreign Currency Transactions

(i) Realised gains and losses on foreign currency revenue transactions are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

(ii) Monetary current assets and monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates, and the resulting exchange differences are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account, except for the exchange differences arising on a monetary item that, in substance, forms a part of Companys net investment in a non-integral foreign operation, which are accumulated in a Foreign Currency Translation Reserve until the disposal of net investment.

(iii) Investments in overseas subsidiaries and jointly owned entities are recognised at the relevant exchange rates prevailing on the dates of allotment of the investments.

(k) Financial instruments

(i) Derivativefinancial instruments

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts and options to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of these foreign exchange forward contracts and options reduces the risk or cost to the Company and the Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contracts or options for trading or speculation purposes.

Forward and options contracts are fair valued at each reporting date. Changes in the fair values of forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges are recognized directly in the Hedging Reserve Account and reclassified into the Profit and Loss Account upon the occurrence of the hedged transaction. Changes in fair value relating to the ineffective portion of the hedges and derivatives not designated as hedges are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account as they arise. (ii) Non-Derivative Financial Instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity. Financial assets of the Company mainly include cash and bank balances, sundry debtors, accrued income (unbilled services), employee travel and other advances, other loans and advances and derivative financial instruments with a positive fair value. Financial liabilities of the Company mainly comprise sundry creditors, accrued expenses and derivative financial instruments with a negative fair value. Financial assets/liabilities are recognized on the Balance Sheet when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any objective evidence that a financial asset or group of financial assets is impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the amount of impairment loss as the difference between the assets carryingamountand undiscounted amount of future cash flows, which is recognised in the Profit and Loss account. Short-term receivables with no stated interest rates are measured at original invoice amount, if the effect of discounting is immaterial. Non-interest-bearing deposits are discounted to their present value. The Company measures the short-term payables with no stated rate of interest at original invoice amount, if the effect of discounting is immaterial.

(I) Foreign Branches

All income and expenditure transactions of the foreign branches during the year are included in these Financial Statements at the average rate of exchange. Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at rates prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Depreciation on fixed assets is recognised as per the Companys policy referred to in paragraph 1(f) above. Net gain/loss on foreign currency translation is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

(m) Employee Stock Option Schemes

Stock options granted to employees under Employee Stock Option Schemes are accounted as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines 1999, issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. Accordingly, the excess of the market value of the stock options as on the date of the grant over the exercise price of the options is recognised as deferred employee compensation and is charged to Profit and Loss Account over the vesting period. In the case of graded vesting, the vesting period is determined separately for each portion of the option. The unamortised portion of the cost is shown under "Reserves and Surplus".

(n) Taxation

(i) Current Tax

Provision for current tax is made and retained in the Accounts on the basis of estimated tax liability as per the applicable provisions. (ii) Deferred Tax

Deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from the timing differences are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Deferred tax assets are recognised for tax loss and depreciation carried forward to the extent that the realisation of the related tax benefit through the future taxable profits is virtually certain and is supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable profits can be realised.

(iii) Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT)

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay income tax higher than that computed under MAT, during the period that MAT is permitted to be set off under the Income Tax Act, 1961 (specified period). In the year, in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the guidance note issued by the ICAI, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Profit and Loss account and shown as MAT credit entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each Balance Sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay income tax higherthan MATduringthe specified period.

(o) Provisions and contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect current best estimates. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources.

(p) Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the period by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period unless they have been issued ata later date.

(q) Research and Development expenses

Revenue expenditure on research and development is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure is included under fixed assets and depreciated atthe applicable rates.

Find IFSC