Responding to questions at the Peterson Institute, Chidambaram appreciated the efforts of the insurance industry in reaching out to the opposition parties and hoped that this would help the political parties understand the issues and thus help in the passage of the bill.
"Parliament opens on April 22. It (Insurance FDI) is right there in top of the agenda. We are stuck on one clause, FDI cap whether it should be 26 or raised to 49. If the principle opposition party comes around, the bill will be passed," Chidambaram said."I am keeping my fingers crossed. I sincerely hope that the efforts of the insurance industry in speaking to the opposition will be helpful and I can pass the bill," Chidambaram said.
Noting that without growth there will be neither inclusiveness nor development, he said, "As long as the Congress is at the helm of affairs, I believe that they will accept growth is necessary in order to lead to inclusive development".
"Once you accept that paradigm, you have to accept fiscal deficit, you have to contain inflation, you have to contain expenditure, you have to balance your books to a large extent," Chidambaram said.
Responding to questions, Chidambaram said most state governments have now realised that implementation of the programmes is the key.
"Until about 10 years ago, most state governments were not re-elected. If you were in office for five years, you were more or less certain to be defeated in the next election. That seems to have changed in India in the last 10 years," he said.
"Incumbent governments are getting re-elected. The government in the centre got re-elected in 2009 with a larger number. Since then governments have been re-elected in Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Tripura Nagaland, Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Orissa," he said.
This has vetted the appetite of political leaders and political parties that perhaps defeat is not inevitable, perhaps one can get re-elected for second or third term, Chidambaram added.
"If you look at it closely, governments which are seen to have delivered are the governments that are re-elected. I think this fever of implementation seems to have caught on with more and more state governments. This is a very welcome sign," Chidambaram said.
"What we need to do is to find ways and means to get rid of bureaucratic obstacles, policy obstacles to implementation," he said.