Moreover, the rupee's depreciation will lift input costs across many sectors amidst weak demand environment as reflected in low double digit topline growth expected in 2013-14, the research and ratings firm has stated.
"Even exporters are unlikely to benefit significantly as clients may seek to renegotiate contracts. We expect the rupee to strengthen from its current levels, but the 2013-14 average will still be 5-8 per cent weaker than the 2012-13 average, " the firm has stated.
Mark-to-market losses and higher debt servicing costs are likely to be key pressure points in the near term. According to Mr Mukesh Agarwal, President, CRISIL Research, "For companies in the CNX Nifty (excluding banking and financial services), around 40 per cent of debt is denominated in foreign currency. In total, corporate India had forex debt outstanding of over $200 billion as of March 2013, of which close to 45 per cent is short-term debt. Moreover, only half their forex exposure is hedged. Persistent weakness in the rupee and heightened volatility has reduced the benefits of borrowing overseas."
From the growth and profitability perspective, sectors that will be negatively impacted by the rupee's depreciation according to Crisil include automobiles, auto components, airlines, consumer durables, oil marketing companies (OMCs), and fertilisers. The increase in fuel costs will hurt demand for automobiles, especially small cars, as fuel alone accounts for nearly 25-30 per cent of the ownership cost of a small car in the year of purchase.
Airlines with a high proportion of revenues accruing from domestic operations will also be hurt as 70 per cent of their operating costs are incurred in dollars, and their ability to pass on any cost increase is limited. We do not expect diesel prices to increase by more than Rs 1.50 per litre from the current level; therefore, a weak rupee would increase under-recoveries of OMCs.