As of August 13, the monsoon was 10 per cent above normal with 85 per cent of the Met divisions recording more than normal to average rainfall, helping improve the Kharif sowing by 11 per cent, the RBI said in its annual report over the previous year.
In the July monetary policy review RBI has pegged annual inflation at 5 per cent, which though is not an official price index target."Although headline inflation had moderated in Q1 to an average of 4.7 per cent, risks on the inflation front are still significant.
"First, this is evident in a rebound in inflation to 5.8 per cent in July. Creeping inflation pressures are visible arising from rising food and fuel prices, the latter in large part due to the exchange rate depreciation, which was evident in food inflation resurfacing since May," the RBI said.
On the global commodity prices, the report said, "The outlook largely remains benign, risks of price increase on-shore have increased following the rupee fall and firming up of global crude prices in July. Therefore, some price pressures may build up in H2."
The report further warned that while moderate MSP increases and the good monsoons give hope that inflation will be contained, if high food inflation persists into H2, the risks of generalised inflation could become large.
"Also, the pass-through of the 11 per cent fall in the rupee in the first four months of FY14 is incomplete and will put upward pressure as it continues to feed through to domestic prices. Though exchange rate pass-through has declined in recent years, increase in inflation can occur, given the significant depreciation of the rupee," it said.