In the 2013-14 budget, the government has estimated to garner Rs 29,870 crore as dividend from PSUs. Further, Rs 43,996 crore is estimated to flow in from PSU banks and Reserve Bank of India under the same head. "We have budgeted Rs 73,866 crore. We will achieve it," the official added. In the last fiscal, the government had originally budgeted a dividend income of Rs 27,178 crore from PSUs. However, this went up to Rs 29,996 crore in the revised estimates as companies paid higher dividend on demand from the Finance Ministry. In order to boost industrial production, Finance Ministry has been pressing all the public sector entities to make investment as per their capex plan for the current fiscal.
The Finance Ministry believes dividend from CPSUs is a return on investment made by the government and it should be commensurate with profits. "Only after third quarter numbers, companies financial position can be assessed and on that basis dividend can be sought," the official added. Last fiscal, the government received Rs 55,443 crore as dividend and profit. Presently, all profit-making central public sector undertakings (CPSU) are required to declare a minimum dividend on equity of 20 per cent or a minimum dividend payout of 20 per cent of post-tax profit, whichever is higher, subject to availability of disposable profits. The Finance Ministry said in the case of PSUs with large disposable profits or healthy cash reserves, a higher or special dividend may also be considered.
However, for the 14 PSUs in the oil sector, including Oil & Natural Gas Corp, Indian Oil and GAIL India, the Petroleum ministry has sought a 30 per cent dividend. ONGC, GAIL India and Oil India have declared 30 per cent dividend for the past few years. Government is banking on dividend mop up to keep its fiscal budget on track. With less non-tax revenues in kitty, the fiscal deficit has already touched 76 per cent of budget estimates in the April-September period. Government aims to contain fiscal deficit at 4.8 per cent of GDP in the current fiscal.