Jaitley said the total gross NPA ratio has gone up to 4.03 per cent in 2013-14 from 3.42 per cent in 2012-13 and 2.94 per cent in 2011-12. India's economy has posted sub-five per cent growth for the last two consecutive financial years. Jaitley said many industries have suffered losses in the last two years leading to their inability to repay the loans. "Besides, there are many people whose intentions are not good. They do not want to repay the loans," he said.
The Finance Minister said the Reserve Bank of India has taken a number of steps to recover the bad loans of PSU banks that resulted in recovery of Rs 33,486 crore in 2014, Rs 19,832 crore in 2013 and Rs 17,272 crore in 2012. Jaitley said RBI has taken a number of steps to recover the NPAs that include creation of a Central Repository of Information on Large Credits (CRILC) to collect, store and disseminate credit data to banks on credit exposures of Rs five crore and above, formation of Joint Lenders' Forum, Corrective Action Plan and sale of assets.
"RBI has issued instructions to the banks to review slippages in asset classification in the borrowal accounts with outstanding Rs five crore and above by the Board of Directors of the bank and review NPA accounts which have registered recoveries of Rs 1 crore and above. Further, Management Committee of Board should review top 100 borrowal accounts of below Rs five crore in each category of NPA," he said.