India ranks lower than most BRICS nations in terms of innovation despite logging a double digit growth in the Research and Development (R&D) sector in the past few years, says the Economic Survey 2014-15.
This is also exhibited through India's poor score on universityindustry collaboration on R&D as compared to some other BRICS nations like China and South Africa, it added. "In terms of patents granted per million population, India fares badly compared to other BRICS countries," the Survey said.
In company's spending on R&D too, India is far below China, it added. "Only in terms of availability of scientists and engineers, India scores better or is equal to other BRICS countries," the Survey said. This is despite a consistent double digit growth in the last few years in the R&D sector. The growth registered in 2012-13 stood at 20.8 per cent, while professional, scientific and technical activities including R&D grew by 14 per cent in 2013-14.
According to a report by Zinnov Management Consulting, India's R&D globalisation and services market is set to double by 2020 to USD 38 billion. The study estimated overall addressable R&D globalisation and services opportunity at USD 170 billion as of 2014. Currently, only USD 55 billion of this opportunity is addressed globally. "India's share of the addressed market is 33 per cent with in-house R&D centres contributing USD 11.3 billion worth of services to their parent companies," the Survey said.