What is Mutual Fund Pension Plan?
Mutual funds also have started offering pension plans which are hybrid in nature having investment in both debt and equity component. Mutual Fund pension plans collect money from several investors and invest the pooled money in equity and debt markets. Equity exposure is in the range of 40% which is lower as compared to balanced funds (65% to 70%). Investors can either invest lump sum amounts or can choose the route of systematic investment plan (SIP).
How Mutual Fund Pension Plans Operate
Mutual fund pension plans operate like a mutual fund scheme in which investors invest throughout their working life. Pooled money is invested into debt and equity which generates income post retirement. Withdrawal of funds is discouraged before you retire and standard retirement age is taken as 58 years. Post-retirement, based on one's discretion, investor can make a lump sum withdrawal or opt for regular income (annuity payments). The balance units post withdrawals in either case remain invested and continue to grow.
The Good and Bad
Investment in mutual fund pension plans makes you a disciplined investor and your investment has great capital appreciation potential. As the investment corpus has 40% exposure in equities, handsome returns can be realised in long term. Having said that, heavy exit load in case of pre withdrawal, taxation of returns make the investment slightly unattractive. This negativity is beaten by huge margin if the equity investment performs well in the long run.
There is a tax benefit attached to mutual fund pension plan investment which is underutilized by investors. These plans provide tax rebate up to Rs 1 lakh under Section 80C. If you opt for the tax rebate, you will have to abide by a 3 year lock in period as is applicable for other schemes.
Who Should Invest?
Mutual fund pension plans are pension plans with a difference. Most of the other options used for retirement planning, such as the PPF, NSC and tax-saving FDs, are pure debt instruments while these plans have kicker in the form of equity portion. Although this equity kicker makes it risky, it comes with huge capital appreciation potential. All the pure debt instruments mentioned above offer a return in the range of 8% which might not be good enough to build a sizeable corpus as inflation will erode the corpus in the long run.
About the Author:
The author Bimlesh Singh is a financial advisor. He holds a Bachelor's degree from IIT and is a CFA Level 2 candidate. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org