What is self-assessment tax?

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What is self-assessment tax?
Self-assessment tax is the tax amount in excess of advance tax and TDS which is payable by the income tax assessee. Usually, when filing income tax return an assessee computes the income and corresponding taxes to be filed. However, in certain cases due to some discrepancy in computation, taxes paid by the assessee as TDS or advance tax fall short of the actual total tax payable. The balance tax that is needed to be paid with the tax authorities to discharge one's tax liability is referred as advance tax.

Due date for self-assessment tax payment

Payment in respect of self-assessment tax is required to be made before filing income tax return for a given financial year. The self-assessment tax can be paid either online or offline and for each of the modes Challan ITNS-280 has to be filled.

Consequences in case of incorrect self-assessment

Incorrect or wrong self-assessment of income and corresponding tax on the part of assessee may result in declaration of the tax return as defective. Currently, income tax provisions allow assesses to rectify their return within 15 days in case the assessing officer raises suspicion on self-assessment made by the assessee. If however, assessee fails to make the necessary rectification, the return is deemed to be defective.

Seeking, non-payment of self-assessment tax on the part of a number of assessees, an amendment has been proposed in the Finance Bill, as per which income tax returns shall be deemed defective in case the tax and applicable interest remains payable before the return filing date.

The proposed amendment is likely to improve compliance on the part of taxpayers' and augment revenue collection of the government.

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