The Indian Government has said that Railways contribute to substantial reduction of carbon footprint than roadways.
Commenting on the issue, Minister of State for Railways Manoj Sinha told the media, "Railways contribute to substantial reduction of carbon footprint than roadways as evident from the report on Low Carbon Strategies for Inclusive Growth, published in 2014 by Planning Commission (NITI Aayog)."
"Railways has planned to reduce emission intensity by nearly 32 per cent in the year 2030 over the year 2005 by improving rail traction fuel and energy efficiency in freight traffic by 8 per cent to 13 per cent over 2013 and other efforts," he added.
The Minister further added that technological interventions for improving rail traction efficiency include use of energy efficient designs of electric and diesel new locomotives and use of alternate fuels in traction such as compressed natural gas.
According to the Planning Commission data, emissions from road sector were 123.55 million tons of CO2 while rail sector contributes 6.84 million tons of CO2 in 2007.