As a New Year begins, it's not a clean slate for the banks with balance sheets full of red ink due to huge bad loans worth about USD 60 billion and a serious clean- up job is a must in 2016 with the RBI having set a deadline. At the same time, the existing public and private sector banks would also have to prove their competitiveness in the wake of two entirely new breeds of banks joining the fray in the form of payments and small finance banks this year.
State-run SBI's chief Arundhati Bhattacharya, known for being vocal with her views, said the new 'agile' players may have an edge as they are not bound by industry-level wage agreements which can lead to "a dog-eat-dog's world". "Existing universal banks stand to face challenges given the fact that these banks will be coming in without any risk, that they will be coming in with an agile system and delivery models and that they have not been held hostage by industry-level agreements and wage limits," she said.
Another key issue for the banks in the New Year would be RBI's new diktat for following a uniform method for setting their base lending rates, which follows Governor Raghuram Rajan repeatedly chiding the bankers to ensure passing on full benefits of the central bank's repo rate cuts to customers. Banks have so far been known to have been slow in passing on the rate cut benefits, although the hikes in RBI's policy rate get passed on immediately.
A sense of unease is there among the bankers on this, but not many of them have spoken out publicly on this, again sans the SBI chief, who said that RBI's repo rate was a "blunt instrument" and not very relevant for lenders to adjust their rates. While such run-ins are expected to continue between the banks and the central bank this year, Rajan has shown no signs of relenting on the deadline of March 2017 given to the banks to clean up their balance sheets and banks are most likely to be supportive of his measures in the fight against bad loans, which is estimated to have ballooned to Rs 4 lakh crore or about USD 60 billion. MORE PTI HV BEN BJ