The retail inflation for industrial workers measured through the Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers (CPI-IW) dipped to 5.1% in May due to lower prices of certain food items and kerosene oil.
"Inflation based on all items stood at 5.10% for May, 2020 as compared to 5.45% for the previous month (April 2020) and 8.65% during the corresponding month (May 2019) of the previous year," a labour ministry statement said.
Similarly, as per the data, food inflation stood at 5.88% against 6.56% in the previous month and 5.21% in May 2019.
The Labour Bureau, under the Ministry of Labour & Employment, has been compiling CPI-IW every month on the basis of the retail prices of select items collected from 289 markets spread over 78 industrially important centres in the country.
The index is released on the last working day of succeeding month.
The hike in dearness allowance and dearness relief for over one crore central government employees and pensioners is worked out on the basis of CPI-IW.
The All-India CPI-IW for May 2020 increased by 1 point and stood at 330. On 1-month percentage change, it increased by 0.30% between April and May, 2020 compared to 0.64% increase between the same months of the previous year.
The maximum upward pressure on the index came from food group which contributed 0.67 percentage points rise to the total change.
At commodity level, Arhar Dal, Masur Dal, Moong Dal, Urd Dal, Groundnut Oil, Mustard Oil, Fish Fresh, Goat Meat, Poultry (Chicken), Milk, Cabbage, French Bean, Green Coriander Leaves, Potato, Country Liquor, Refined Liquor, Cooking Gas, Petrol, etc. are responsible for the increase in index, the data showed.
However, this increase was checked by Rice, Wheat, Garlic, Onion, Bitter Gourd, Coconut, Gourd, Lady Finger, Mango, Parval, Tomato, Torai, Banana, Kerosene Oil, etc, putting downward pressure on the index, it stated.
At centre level, Warangal, Chhindwara and Ahmedabad recorded the maximum increase of 6 points each. Among others, 4 points increase was observed in 6 centres, 3 points in 11 centres, 2 points in 9 centres and 1 point in 8 centres.
On the contrary, Doom-Dooma Tinsukia recorded the maximum decrease of 10 points followed by Salem (9 points), Munger-Jamalpur (8 points) and Lucknow (7 points).
Among others, 5 points decrease was observed in 1 centre, 4 points in another 1 centre, 3 points in 6 centres, 2 points in 9 centres and 1 point in another 9 centres. Rest of 11 centres' indices remained stationary.
The indices of 33 centres are above All-India Index and 45 centres' indices are below national average.
Labour Minister Santosh Gangwar said,"The fall in inflation during the month in general and food in particular due to free supply of cereals to households across the country under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY) during lockdown had put less burden on the pockets of 130 crore people in the country."