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Accounting Policies of Indergiri Finance Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of preparation

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India (''RBI'') as applicable to a Non Banking Finance Company. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

1.3 Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to it''s working condition for it''s intended use.

1.4 Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is provided on a straight line basis from the date the asset is ready to use or put to use, whichever is earlier at the rates prescribed in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956. In respect of assets sold, depreciation is provided upto the date of disposal.

1.5 Impairment of Tangible and Intangible Assets

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on intemal/extemal factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets, net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

1.6 Investments

Investments are classified as long term and current in accordance with the Accounting Standard on ''Accounting for Investments'' (AS 13) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Long-term investments are valued at acquisition cost unless the fall in value is of permanent nature. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and market value and in case of unquoted shares lower of cost or break up value. The break up value of unquoted investment is determined as per the Non Banking Prudential Norms Directions, 1998. Provision for diminution in the value of investments is made in accordance with the directions issued by Reserve Bank of India and recognized through provision for diminution in the value of investments.

In accordance with the Note No. 1 of Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the portion of the Long Term Investments classified above, and expected to be realised within 12 months of the reporting date, have been classified as current investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

1.7 Stock in Trade

The securities acquired with the intention of short term holding and trading positions are considered as stock-in-trade and disclosed as current assets and non current assets depending upon the holding period. Stock in trade is valued in accordance accounting policy mentioned under the head investments.

1.8 Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria are met before revenue is recognized:

a) Income from Advisory Services

Income from Advisory Services are accounted for as and when the relevant services are rendered and revenue is recognised using completed service contract method except where the recovery is uncertain in which case it is accounted for on receipt.

b) Interest

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "Revenue from Operations" in the statement of profit and loss.

c) Dividends

Dividend income is recognized when the company''s right to receive dividend is established on the reporting date.

d) Profit/ Loss on sale of Investments/ Stock in Trade

Profit/loss on the sale of investments/ stock in trade is dealt with at the time of actual sale except for shares held as stock in trade if the fall in value is other than temporary, the valuation of the same is done as per RBI prudential norms as applicable to the NBFC.

1.9 Retirement and other employee benefits

The Company has adopted the revised Accounting Standard 15 - Accounting for Employee Benefits. The accounting policy followed by the Company in respect of its employee benefit schemes is set out below:

Gratuity: Short term employee benefits are accounted in the period during which the services have been rendered. Defined contribution plans such as Provident Fund Act 1952 is not applicable to the Company

Leave Encashment:The employees of the Company are entitled to leave as per the leave policy of the Company however no carry forward is permitted and the same if any remain balance is encashed at the end of the year.

1.10 Income Taxes

Income tax expenses comprises of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income-tax law) & the deferred tax charge or benefit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

Deferred Taxation: The deferred tax charge or benefit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the asset can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtually certain (as the case may he) to be realised.

1.11 Earnings Per Share

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings per share in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 - Earning per Share prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

1.12 Segment Reporting Policies

Identification of segments:The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

Unallocated items Unallocated items include income and expenses which are not allocated to any business segment.

Segment Policies: The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

1.13 Provisions

The company creates a provision when there is present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amounts of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.. If it is no longer probable that the outflow of resources would he required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed.

1.14 Contingent Liabilities /Assets

A contingent liabilities is a possible obligation that arise from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurency or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements. However contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an economic benefit will rise, asset and related income are recognised in the period in which the change occurs.

1.15 Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short term investments with an original maturity of three months or less, as per Accounting Standard 3 "Cash Flows".


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of preparation

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India CRBI'') as applicable to a Non Banking Finance Company. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year, except for the change in accounting policy explained below.

1.2 Change in Accounting Policy:

Presentation and Disclosure of Financial Statement

During the year ended 31-03-2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956, has become applicable to the company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. he adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

1.3 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

1.4 Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to it''s working condition for it''s intended use.

1.5 Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is provided on a straight line basis from the date the asset is ready to use or put to use, whichever is earlier at the rates prescribed in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956. In respect of assets sold, depreciation is provided upto the date of disposal.

1.6 Impairment of Tangible and Intangible Assets:

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets, net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

1.7 Investments:

Investments are classified as long term and current in accordance with the Accounting Standard on "Accounting for Investments'' (AS 13) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Long-term investments are valued at acquisition cost unless the fall in value is of permanent nature. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and market value and in case of unquoted shares lower of cost or break up value. The break up value of unquoted investment is determined as per the Non Banking Prudential Norms Directions, 1998. Provision for diminution in the value of investments is made in accordance with the directions issued by Reserve Bank of India and recognized through provision for diminution in the value of investments.

In accordance with the Note No. 1 of Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the portion of the Long Term Investments classified above, and expected to be realised within 12 months of the reporting date, have been classified as current investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

1.08 Stock in Trade

The securities acquired with the intention of short term holding and trading positions are considered as stock-in-trade and disclosed as current assets. Stock in trade of shares being current in nature is valued in accordance accounting policy mentioned under the head investments.

1.09 Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria are met before revenue is recognized:

a) Income from Advisory Services

Income from Advisory Services are accounted for as and when the relevant services are rendered and revenue is recognised using completed service contract method except where the recovery is uncertain in which case it is accounted for on receipt.

b) Interest

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "Revenue from Operations" in the statement of profit and loss.

c) Dividends

Dividend income is recognized when the company''s right to receive dividend is established on the reporting date.

d) Profit/ Loss on sale of Investments/ Stock in Trade

Profit/loss on the sale of investments/ stock in trade is dealt with at the time of actual sale except for shares held as stock in trade if the fall in value is other than temporary , the valuation of the same is done as per RBI prudential

1.10 Retirement and other employee benefits

The Company has adopted the revised Accounting Standard 15 - Accounting for Employee Benefits. The accounting policy followed by the Company in respect of its employee benefit schemes is set out below:

Gratuity: Short term employee benefits are accounted in the period during which the services have been rendered.

Defined contribution plans such as Provident Fund Act 1952 is not applicable to the Company

Leave Encashment:

The employees of the Company are entitled to leave as per the leave policy of the Company however no carry forward is permitted and the same if any remain balance is encashed at the end of the year.

1.11 Income Taxes

Income tax expenses comprises of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income-tax law) & the deferred tax charge or benefit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

Deferred Taxation:

The deferred tax charge or benefit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the asset can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

1.12 Earnings Per Share

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings per share in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 - Earning per Share prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

1.13 Segment Reporting Policies

Identification of segments:

The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

Unallocated items:

Unallocated items include income and expenses which are not allocated to any business segment.

Segment Policies:

The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

1.14 Provisions

The company creates a provision when there is present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amounts of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. . If it is no longer probable that the outflow of resources would be required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed.

1.15 Contingent Liabilities / Assets

A contingent liabilities is a possible obligation that arise from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurency or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements. However contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an economic benefit will rise, asset and related income are recognised in the period in which the change occurs.

1.16 Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short term investments with an original maturity of three months or less, as per Accounting Standard 3 "Cash Flows".


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of preparation

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India ('RBI') as applicable to aNon Banking Finance Company. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year, except for the change in accounting policy explained below.

1.2 Change in Accounting Policy:

Presentation and Disclosure of Financial Statement

During the year ended 31 -03-2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956, has become applicable to the company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

1.3 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

1.4 Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to it's working condition for its intended use.

1.5 Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is provided on a straight line basis from the date the asset is ready to use or put to use, whichever is earlier at the rates prescribed in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956. In respect of assets sold, depreciation is provided up to the date of disposal.

1.6 ImpairmentofTangibleand IntangibleAssets:

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets, net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

1.7 Investments:

Investments are classified as long term and current in accordance with the Accounting Standard on 'Accounting for Investments' (AS 13) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Long-term investments are valued at acquisition cost unless the fall in value is of permanent nature. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and market value and in case of unquoted shares lower of cost or break up value. The breakup value of unquoted investment is determined as per the Non Banking Prudential Norms Directions, 1998. Provision for diminution in the value of investments is made in accordance with the directions issued by Reserve Bank of India and recognized through provision for diminution in the value of investments.

In accordance with the Note No. 1 of Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the portion of the Long Term Investments classified above, and expected to be realized within 12 months of the reporting date, have been classified as current investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

1.8 Stock in Trade

The securities acquired with the intention of short term holding and trading positions are considered as stock-in-trade and disclosed as current assets. Stock in trade of shares being current in nature is valued in accordance accounting policy mentioned under the head investments.

1.9 Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria are met before revenue is recognized:

a) Income from Advisory Services

Income from Advisory Services are accounted for as and when the relevant services are rendered and revenue is recognized using completed service contract method except where the recovery is uncertain in which case it is accounted for on receipt.

b) Interest

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "Revenue from Operations" in the statement of profit and loss.

c) Dividends

Dividend income is recognized when the company's right to receive dividend is established on the reporting date.

d) Profit/ Loss 011 sale of Investments/Stock in Trade

Profit/loss on the sale of investments/ stock in trade is dealt with at the time of actual sale except for shares held as stock in trade if the fall in value is other than temporary, the valuation of the same is done as per RBI prudential norms as applicable to theNBFC.

1.10 Retirement and other employee benefits

The Company has adopted the revised Accounting Standard 15 - Accounting for Employee Benefits. The accounting policy followed by the Company in respect of its employee benefit schemes is set out below :

Gratuity: Short term employee benefits are accounted in the period during which the services have been rendered. Defined contribution plans such as Provident Fund Act 1952 is not applicable to the Company

Leave Encashment: The employees of the Company are entitled to leave as per the leave policy of the Company however no carry forward is permitted and the same if any remain balance is encased at the end of the year.

1.11 Income Taxes

Income tax expenses comprises of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income- tax law) & the deferred tax charge or benefit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

Deferred Taxation: The deferred tax charge or benefit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the asset can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

1.12 Earnings Per Share

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings per share in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 - Earning per Share prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

1.13 Segment Reporting Policies

Identification of segments: The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

Unallocated items: Unallocated items include income and expenses which are not allocated to any business segment.

Segment Policies: The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

1.14 Provisions

The company creates a provision when there is present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amounts of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.. If it is no longer probable that the outflow of resources would be required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed.

1.15 Contingent Liabilities/Assets

A contingent liabilities is a possible obligation that arise from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurency or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements. However contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an economic benefit will rise, asset and related income are recognized in the period in which the change occurs.

1.16 Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short term investments with an original maturity of three months or less, as per Accounting Standard 3 "Cash Flows'".


Mar 31, 2010

(A) BASIS OF ACCOUNTING: The accounts are prepared as a going concern under historical cost conversion in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 and generally accepted accounting policies.

(B) METHOD OF ACCOUNTING: The Company follows accrual system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis unless otherwise stated elsewhere.

(C) INCOME RECOGNITION: /. In respect of loans and interest bearing advances, interest is calculated at contracted rate on amount outstanding and on a time proportion. II. The difference between the carrying amount of investment and the sale proceed (net of expenses) is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account in the year of sale.

(D) DEPRECIATION: Depreciation of owned assets is provided as per Straight Line Method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

(E) INVESTMENTS: Investments are classified as long term and current in accordance with the Accounting Standard on Accounting for Investments (AS 13) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Long-term investments are valued at acquisition cost unless the fall in value is of permanent nature. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and market value and in case of unquoted shares lower of cost or break up value. The break up value of unquoted investment is determined as per the Non Banking Prudential Norms Directions, 1998. Provision for diminution in the value of investments is made in accordance with the directions issued by Reserve Bank of India and recognized through provision for diminution in the value of investments.

(F) STOCK IN TRADE: Stock in trade of shares being current in nature is valued in accordance accounting policy mentioned under the head investments.

(G) PRELIMINARY AND ISSUE EXPENSES: Preliminary and issue expenses are being written off in 10 equal instalments.

(H) PROVISION FOR NON-PERMOFORMING ASSETS: Provision for doubtful loans and advances are made to the extent of 100% of the amount of such loans and advances and debited to the Profit and Loss Account. Provision for diminution in the value of investment is made as mentioned in the clause (E) above and the amount is debited to the Profit and Loss Account.

(I) INCOME TAX: The accounting treatment for Income Tax is based on the Accounting Standard 22 on Accounting for Taxes on Income issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

(J) EMPLOYEES BENEFIT: Short term employee benefits are accounted in the period during which the services have been rendered. Defined contribution plans such as Provident Fund Act 1952 is not applicable to the Company The employees of the Company are entitled to leave as per the leave policy of the Company however no carry forward is permitted and the same if any remain balance is encashed at the end of the year.

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