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Accounting Policies of Kirloskar Electric Company Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

4 Note 35 of the financial statements:

(a) The order of the honorable High court of Karnataka according approval for the scheme of arrangement and amalgamation under sections 391 to 394 of the Companies Act, 1956 (“Scheme”) was received in September 2008 with April 1, 2007 as the appointed date. This scheme of arrangement and amalgamation interalia involved transfer of the operating business of Kirloskar Power Equipment Limited (“KPEL”) and amalgamation of Kaytee Switchgear Limited (“KSL”) with the Company. The Scheme was registered with the Registrar of Companies on October 17, 2008.

(b) Decree in Form 42 of the Companies (Court) Rules, 1949 is yet to be passed by the honorable High Court of Karnataka

(c) Some of the assets and liabilities so transferred to the Company are continuing in the name of the respective companies. Necessary action is being taken by the Company.

5 Note 37 of the financial statements:

Confirmation of balances from parties with whom the Company had transactions are awaited in certain cases. Accounts with certain parties are under review and reconciliation. Adjustments if any, will be made on completion of review/reconciliation. In the assessment of the management, effect on revenue is not expected to be material.

6 Note 38 of the financial statements:

The customers of the Company had deducted liquidated damages and other charges for delays in delivery of goods as compared to contractual obligations. The Company has made representations to such customers explaining reasons for delays as well as impress upon them that the same were caused by various factors including those not attributable to it and as such being beyond its control. The Company had made necessary provision on an overall assessment of the likely loss where in its opinion waiver is not likely. The Company is confident that its representations will be accepted by customers and liquidated damages and other charges deducted will be waived. Impact, if any, on the financial statements will not be material.

7 Note 39 of the financial statements:

Certain mistakes noticed in the inventory records have been corrected to the extent identified based on physical inventory taken from time to time. The Company is in the process of identifying and analyzing the differences adjusted/to be adjusted in the books of account on a comprehensive basis. The management has also formed a task force for liquidation of slow/ non moving inventories in respect of which provision for inventories has been estimated and made. Any further adjustments required to the financial statements is not expected to be material.

8 Note 40 of the financial statements:

Machinery purchased in prior years but currently held for sale for the past several years have been recognized at realizable value estimated by the management. Such value is consistent with quotations received from prospective buyers after considering the provision made and any shortfall in reliability is not expected to be material.

9 Note 42 of the financial statements:

During a previous year, the shareholders of the Company at the Annual General Meeting held on September 30, 2013 have approved an Employee Stock Option Scheme. However, the Company had not issued any options as at March 31, 2016 and accordingly, recognition of expense in this respect and requisite disclosures are not applicable.

(b) Defined Benefit Plan:

The employees’ gratuity fund scheme managed by a trust and leave encashment is a defined benefit plan. The Present value of obligation is determined based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method.

(*) Leave provision for current year includes provision for short term compensated absence as assessed by the actuary.

The estimates of rate of escalation in salary considered in actuarial valuation, take into account inflation, seniority, promotion and other relevant factors including supply and demand in the employment market.

11 Note 44 of the financial statements:

SEGMENT REPORTING:

The Company has not furnished segment report since same has been furnished in the consolidated financial statements, as referred to para 4 of Accounting Standard 17 issued by Central Government.

12 Note 45 of the financial statements:


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

The financial accounts are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. All income and expenditure, having a material bearing on financial statements, are recognized on an accrual basis.

1.2 USE OF ESTIMATES:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts and disclosures. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates.

1.3 FIXED ASSETS:

(I) Tangible Assets:

Fixed Assets (other than land which were revalued) are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses relating to the acquisition, installation, erection and commissioning less depreciation. A portion of the land owned by the Company has been revalued. Internally manufactured assets are valued at works cost.

(II) Intangible Assets:

Intangible assets are accounted at cost of acquisition less depreciation.

1.4 ASSETS HELD FOR SALE:

Assets held for sale are stated at cost or estimated net realizable value, whichever is lower.

1.5 INVESTMENTS:

Investments unless otherwise stated are considered as long term in nature and are valued at acquisition cost less provision for diminution, if any, other than temporary in nature.

1.6 INVENTORIES:

(i) Raw materials, stores, spare parts and components are valued at cost on weighted average basis or net realizable value whichever is lower.

(ii) Work in progress is valued at works cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

(iii) Finished goods are valued at works cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

Material cost of work in progress have been computed based on the weighted average/ average price. Material cost of finished goods has been computed on weighted average basis.

1.7 DEPRECIATION:

(i) Depreciation is charged on the written down value of assets at the rates specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 or Income Tax Act, 1961, whichever is higher on assets as on March 31, 1994

(ii) In respect of other additions after 1st April 1994, depreciation on straight-line basis at the rates specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956 has been charged, except otherwise stated.

(iii) Depreciation on furniture and fixtures above f 5,000/- provided at the residences of the employees has been charged at the rate of 33.33% on the straight-line method irrespective of the month of addition. Furniture and fixtures whose cost is f 5,000/- or below are fully depreciated in the year of addition.

(iv) Depreciation on assets taken on finance lease is charged over the primary lease period.

(v) Depreciation on software is charged over the period of 36 months.

(vi) Depreciation on technical know-how fees and product development are written over a period of six years.

(vii) Project specific tools are depreciated over the life of the project.

(viii) Depreciation on assets (other than Furniture and Fixtures provided to employees and assets taken on finance lease) bought / sold during the year is charged at the applicable rates on a monthly basis, depending upon the month of the financial year in which the assets are installed / sold. Assets whose individual value less than f.5,000/- is depreciated fully.

1.8 REVENUE RECOGNITION:

(i) Sale of goods is recognized on shipment of goods to customers and excludes recovery towards sales tax.

(ii) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

(iii) Dividend income is recognized, when the right to receive the dividend is established.

(iv) Rental income is recognized on time proportion basis.

1.9 RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue expenditure in carrying out research and development activity is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure in respect of research and development activity is capitalized as fixed assets and depreciation provided as detailed above.

1.10 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

(i) Short term Employee Benefits:

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term. Benefits such as salaries, bonus, leave travel allowance etc. are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Post Employment Benefits:

a. Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company has contributed to provident, pension & superannuation funds which are defined contribution plans. The contributions paid/ payable under the scheme is recognized during the year in which employee renders the related service.

b. Defined Benefit Plans:

Employees'' gratuity and leave encashment are defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method which considers each year of service as giving rise to an additional unit of benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss as income or expense. Obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows using a discounted rate that is determined by reference to market yields as at the balance sheet date on Government bonds where the currency and terms of the Government bonds are consistent with the currency and estimated terms that matches to the defined benefit obligation. Gratuity to employees is covered under Group Gratuity Life Assurance Scheme of the Life Insurance Corporation of India.

1.11 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

i) Foreign currency transactions are translated into rupees at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

(ii) Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities outstanding as at the year-end are restated at the exchange rates prevailing as at the close of the financial year. All exchange differences are accounted for in the statement of profit and loss.

(iii) Non monetary items denominated in foreign currency, are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

(iv) Branches, which are integral foreign operations are translated as if the transactions are translated at rates prevailing on the date of transaction approximates the actual rate at the date of transaction. Branch monetary assets and liabilities are restated at the year end rates.

(v) The Company has entered into forward exchange contracts, which is not intended for trading or speculation purposes, to establish the amount of reporting currency required or available at the settlement date of a transaction. The premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the period.

1.12 TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for current tax for the year is after taking cognizance of excess / short provision in prior years. Deferred tax assets/liability is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences.

1.13 BORROWING COSTS:

Interest and other borrowing costs on specific borrowings relatable to qualifying assets are capitalized up to the date such assets are ready for use / intended to use. Other interest and borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

1.14 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss, if any, is charged to profit and loss account, in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired.

1.15 PROVISIONS & CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Financial effect of contingent liabilities is disclosed based on information available upto the date on which financial statements are approved. However, where a reasonable estimate of financial effect cannot be made, suitable disclosures are made with regard to this fact and the existence and nature of the contingent liability.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared under historical cost convention, in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) applicable in India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

1.2 FIXED ASSETS:

(i) Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets (other than land which were revalued) are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses relating to the acquisition, installation, erection and commissioning less depreciation. A portion of the land owned by the Company has been revalued. Internally manufactured assets are valued at works cost.

(ii) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are accounted at cost of acquisition.

1.3 ASSETS HELD FOR SALE::

Assets held for sale are stated at the cost or estimated net realizable value whichever, is lower.

1.4 INVESTMENTS:

Investments unless otherwise stated are considered as long term in nature and are valued at acquisition cost less provision for diminution, if any.

1.5 INVENTORIES:

1. Raw materials, stores, spare parts and components are valued on first in first out basis/ weighted average at net landed cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

2. Work in progress is valued at works cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

3. Finished goods are valued at works cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

Material cost of work in progress and finished goods have been computed based on the weighted average/ average price/ latest estimated purchase price. At certain units, cost of finished goods has been computed by subtracting an estimated percentage from selling price to cover margins, further cost to be incurred to make the sale and excluded cost.

1.6 DEPRECIATION:

a) Depreciation is charged on the written down value of assets at the rates specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 or Income Tax Act, 1961, whichever is higher on assets as on 31st March 1994.

b) In respect of other additions after 1st April 1994, depreciation on straight-line basis at the rates specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956 has been charged, except otherwise stated.

c) Depreciation on furniture and fixtures above Rs 5,000/- provided at the residences of the employees has been charged at the rate of 33.33% on the straight-line method irrespective of the quarter of addition. Furniture and fixtures whose cost is Rs 5,000/- or below are fully depreciated in the year of addition.

d) Depreciation on assets taken on finance lease is charged over the primary lease period.

e) Depreciation on software is provided at 33.33% per annum.

f) Depreciation on technical know-how fees and product development are written over a period of six years.

g) Project specific tools are depreciated over the life of the project.

h) Depreciation on assets (other than Furniture and Fixtures provided to employees and assets taken on finance lease) bought / sold during the year is charged at the applicable rates on a monthly basis, depending upon the month of the financial year in which the assets are installed / sold. Assets whose individual value less than Rs 5,000/- is depreciated fully.

1.7 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue expenditure in carrying out research and development activity is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure in respect of research and development activity is capitalized as fixed assets and depreciation provided as detailed above.

1.8 REVENUE RECOGNITION:

a) Sale of goods is recognized on shipment to customers and excludes recovery towards sales tax.

b) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

c) Dividend income is recognized, when the right to receive the dividend is established.

1.9 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

(i) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term. Benefits such as salaries, bonus, leave travel allowance etc. are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Post Employment Benefits:

a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company has contributed to provident, pension & superannuation funds which are defined contribution plans. The contributions paid/ payable under the scheme is recognized during the year in which employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Benefit Plans:

Employees' gratuity and leave encashment are defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method which considers each year of service as giving rise to an additional unit of benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss as income or expense. Obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows using a discounted rate that is determined by reference to market yields at the balance sheet date on Government bonds where the currency and terms of the Government bonds are consistent with the currency and estimated terms of the defined benefit obligation. Gratuity to employees is covered under Group Gratuity Life Assurance Scheme of the Life Insurance Corporation of India.

1.10 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

a) Foreign currency transactions are translated into rupees at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

b) Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities outstanding as at the year-end are restated at the exchange rates prevailing as at the close of the financial year. All exchange differences are accounted for in the profit and loss account.

c) Non monetary items denominated in foreign currency, are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

d) Branches, which are integral foreign operations are translated as if the transactions of those foreign operations were the transactions of the Company itself.

e) The Company has entered into forward exchange contracts, which is not intended for trading or speculation purposes, to establish the amount of reporting currency required or available at the settlement date of a transaction. The premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract should be recognized as income or as expense for the period.

1.11 TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for current tax for the year is after taking cognizance of excess / short provision in prior years. Deferred tax assets/liability is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences.

1.12 BORROWING COSTS:

Interest and other borrowing costs on specific borrowings relatable to qualifying assets are capitalised up to the date such assets are ready for use / intended to use. Other interest and borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

1.13 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss, if any, is charged to profit and loss account, in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired.

1.14 PROVISIONS & CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Financial effect of contingent liabilities is disclosed based on information available upto the date on which financial statements are approved. However, where a reasonable estimate of financial effect cannot be made, suitable disclosures are made with regard to this fact and the existence and nature of the contingent liability.


Mar 31, 2011

1.1 BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared under historical cost convention, in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) applicable in India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

1.2 FIXED ASSETS:

(i) Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets (other than land which were revalued) are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses relating to the acquisition, installation, erection and commissioning less depreciation. A portion of the land owned by the Company has been revalued. Internally manufactured assets are valued at works cost.

(ii) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are accounted at cost of acquisition.

(Hi) Assets Held for Sale:

Assets held for sale are stated at the cost or estimated net realizable value whichever, is lower.

1.3 INVESTMENTS:

Investments unless otherwise stated are considered as long term in nature and are valued at acquisition cost less provision for diminution, if any.

1.4 INVENTORIES:

1. Raw materials, stores, spare parts and components are valued on first in first out basis/ weighted average at net landed cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

2. Work in progress is valued at works cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

3. Finished goods are valued at works cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

Material cost of work in progress and finished goods have been computed based on the weighted average/ average price/ latest estimated purchase price. At certain units, cost of finished goods has been computed by subtracting an estimated percentage from selling price to cover margins, further cost to be incurred to make the sale and excluded cost.

1.5 DEPRECIATION:

a) Depreciation is charged on the written down value of assets at the rates specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 or Income Tax Act, 1961, whichever is higher on assets as on 31st March 1994.

b) In respect of other additions after 1st April 1994, depreciation on straight-line basis at the rates specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956 has been charged, except otherwise stated.

c) Depreciation on furniture and fixtures above Rs. 5,000/- provided at the residences of the employees has been charged at the rate of 33.33% on the straight-line method irrespective of the quarter of addition. Furniture and fixtures whose cost is Rs. 5,000/- or below are fully depreciated in the year of addition.

d) Depreciation on assets taken on finance lease is charged over the primary lease period.

e) Depreciation on software is provided at 33.33% per annum.

f) Depreciation on technical know-how fees and product development are written over a period of six years.

g) Depreciation on assets (other than Furniture and Fixtures provided to employees and assets taken on finance lease) bought / sold during the year is charged at the applicable rates on a quarterly basis, depending upon the quarter of the financial year in which the assets are installed / sold. Assets whose individual value less than Rs. 5,000/- is depreciated fully. However, in certain units where SAP ERP software has been implemented depreciation has been provided on monthly prorata basis.

1.6 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue expenditure in carrying out research and development activity is charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure in respect of research and development activity is capitalized as fixed assets and depreciation provided as detailed above.

1.7 REVENUE RECOGNITION:

a) Sale of goods is recognized on shipment to customers and excludes recovery towards sales tax.

b) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

c) Dividend income is recognized, when the right to receive the dividend is established.

1.8 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

(i) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term. Benefits such as salaries, bonus, leave travel allowance etc. are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Post Employment Benefits:

a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company has contributed to provident, pension & superannuation funds which are defined contribution plans. The contributions paid/ payable under the scheme is recognised during the year in which employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Benefit Plans:

Employees' gratuity and leave encashment are defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method which considers each year of service as giving rise to an additional unit of benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss account as income or expense. Obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows using a discounted rate that is determined by reference to market yields at the balance sheet date on Government bonds where the currency and terms of the Government bonds are consistent with the currency and estimated terms of the defined benefit obligation. Gratuity to employees is covered under Group Gratuity Life Assurance Scheme of the Life Insurance Corporation of India.

1.9 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

a) Foreign currency transactions are translated into rupees at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

b) Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities outstanding as at the year-end are restated at the exchange rates prevailing as at the close of the financial year. All exchange differences are accounted for in the profit and loss account.

c) Non monetary items denominated in foreign currency, are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

d) In respect of branches, which are integral foreign operations are translated as if the transactions of those foreign operations were the transactions of the Company itself.

1.10 TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for current tax for the year is after taking cognizance of excess / short provision in prior years. Deferred tax assets/liability is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences.

1.11 BORROWING COSTS:

Interest and other borrowing costs on specific borrowings relatable to qualifying assets are capitalized up to the date such assets are ready for use / intended to use. Other interest and borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

1.12 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss, if any, is charged to profit and loss account, in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired.

1.13 PROVISIONS & CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:

A provision is recognized when the group has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that tan outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.Financial effect of contingent liabilities is disclosed based on information available upto the date on which financial statements are approved. However, where a reasonable estimate of financial effect cannot be made, suitable disclosures are made with regard to this fact and the existence and nature of the contingent liability.


Mar 31, 2010

1.1 ACCRUAL SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTING:

The Company follows the accrual system of accounting in respect of all items of expenditure and income.

1.2 FIXED ASSETS:

(i) Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets (other than land which were revalued) are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses relating to the acquisition, installation, erection and commissioning less depreciation. A portion of the land owned by the Company has been revalued. Internally manufactured assets are valued at works cost.

(ii) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are accounted at cost of acquisition.

1.3 INVESTMENTS:

Investments unless otherwise stated are considered as long term in nature and are valued at acquisition cost less provision for diminution, if any.

1.4 INVENTORIES:

1. Raw materials, stores, spare parts and components are valued on first in first out basis/ weighted average at net landed cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

2. Work in progress is valued at works cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

3. Finished goods are valued at works cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.Material cost of work in progress and finished goods have been computed based on the moving average/ average price/ latest estimated purchase price.

1.5 DEPRECIATION:

a) Depreciation is charged on the written down value of assets at the rates specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 or Income Tax Act, 1961, which ever is higher on assets as on 31st March 1994.

b) In respect of other additions after 1st April 1994, depreciation on straight-line basis at the rates specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956 has been charged, except otherwise stated.

c) Depreciation on furniture and fixtures above Rs. 5,000/- provided at the residences of the employees has been charged at the rate of 33.33% on the straight-line method irrespective of the quarter of addition. Furniture and fixtures whose cost is Rs.5,000/- or below are fully depreciated in the year of addition.

d) Depreciation on assets taken on finance lease is charged over the primary lease period.

e) Depreciation on software is provided at 33.33% per annum.

f) Depreciation on technical know-how fees and product development are written over a period of six years.

g) Depreciation on assets (other than Furniture and Fixtures provided to employees and assets taken on finance lease) bought / sold during the year is charged at the applicable rates on a quarterly basis, depending upon the quarter of the financial year in which the assets are installed / sold. Assets whose individual value less than Rs.5,000/- is depreciated fully. However, in certain units where SAP ERP software has been implemented depreciation has been provided on monthly prorata basis.

1.6 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue expenditure in carrying out research and development activity is charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure in respect of research and development activity is capitalized as fixed assets and depreciation provided as detailed above.

1.7 REVENUE RECOGNITION:

a) Sale of goods is recognized on shipment to customers and excludes recovery towards sales tax.

b) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

c) Dividend income is recognized, when the right to receive the dividend is established.

1.8 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

(i) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term. Benefits such as salaries, bonus, leave travel allowance etc. are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Post Employment Benefits:

a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company has contributed to provident, pension & superannuation funds which are defined contribution plans. The contributions paid/ payable under the scheme is recognised during the year in which employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Benefit Plans:

Employees’ gratuity and leave encashment are defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method which considers each year of service as giving rise to an additional unit of benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss account as income or expense. Obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows using a discounted rate that is determined by reference to market yields at the balance sheet date on Government bonds where the currency and terms of the Government bonds are consistent with the currency and estimated terms of the defined benefit obligation. Gratuity to employees is covered under Group Gratuity Life Assurance Scheme of the Life Insurance Corporation of India.

1.9 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

a) Foreign currency transactions are translated into rupees at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

b) Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities outstanding as at the year-end are restated at the exchange rates prevailing as at the close of the financial year. All exchange differences are accounted for in the profit and loss account.

c) Non monetary items denominated in foreign currency, are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

d) In respect of branches, which are integral foreign operations are translated as if the transactions of those foreign operations were the transactions of the Company itself.

1.10 TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for current tax for the year is after taking cognizance of excess / short provision in prior years. Deferred tax assets/liability is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences.

1.11 BORROWING COSTS:

Interest and other borrowing costs on specific borrowings relatable to qualifying assets are capitalized up to the date such assets are ready for use / intended to use. Other interest and borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

1.12 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss, if any, is charged to profit and loss account, in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired.

1.13 PROVISIONS & CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:

A provision is recognized when the group has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that tan outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.Financial effect of contingent liabilities is disclosed based on information available upto the date on which financial statements are approved. However, where a reasonable estimate of financial effect cannot be made, suitable disclosures are made with regard to this fact and the existence and nature of the contingent liability.

1.14 USE OF ESTIMATES:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts and disclosures. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates.