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Accounting Policies of Oracle Financial Services Software Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

(a) Basis of presentation

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India and complying in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the ''Act''), read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous years, except for the change in accounting policy described in note (c) below.

The significant accounting policies adopted by the Company, in respect of the financial statements are set out as below:

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting year end. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

(c) Change in accounting policy for depreciation on fixed assets

Till year ended March 31, 2014, to comply with the requirements of Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company was charging 100% depreciation on assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 in the year of purchase. However, Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013, applicable from the current year, does not recognize such practice. Hence, to comply with the requirement of Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, the Company has changed its accounting policy for depreciation of assets costing less than Rs. 5,000. As per the revised policy, the Company is depreciating such assets over their useful life as assessed by the management. The management has decided to apply the revised accounting policy prospectively from accounting periods commencing on or after April 1, 2014.

The change in accounting for depreciation of assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 did not have any material impact on financial statements of the company for the current year.

(d) Fixed assets including intangibles and capital work-in-progress, depreciation, amortization and impairment

Fixed assets including intangibles and capital work-in-progress

Fixed assets including assets under finance lease arrangements are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The Company capitalizes all direct costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets. The cost of fixed assets not ready to use before balance sheet date are disclosed under ''Capital work-in-progress''. Product Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. The Company records the difference between considerations paid to acquire the IPRs along with related assets and liabilities and the fair value of such acquired assets and liabilities as goodwill.

The Company purchases certain specific-use application software, which is in ready to use condition, for internal use. It is estimated that such software has a relatively short useful life, usually less than one year. The Company, therefore, charges to income the cost of acquiring such software.

Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation and amortization are computed as per the straight-line method using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives estimated by the management. The estimated useful life considered for depreciation of fixed assets is as follows:

During the current year, the Company has changed the estimated useful life of office equipments from 7 years to 5 years. There is no material impact on depreciation for the year due to this change in estimated useful life.

The management has estimated, supported by an independent assessment by professionals, the useful lives of buildings as 20 years. These lives are lower than those indicated in schedule II.

The management has estimated, based on an internal assessment, the useful lives of the following classes of assets.

- The useful lives of servers and networking equipments forming part of computer equipments are estimated as 3 years. These lives are lower than those indicated in schedule II.

- The useful lives of furniture and fixtures and electrical and other installations estimated at 2-7 years. These lives are lower than those indicated in schedule II.

Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal / external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to assets. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

(e) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date on which such investments are made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Trade investments refer to the investments made with the aim of enhancing the Company''s business interests in providing information technology solutions to the financial services industry worldwide.

Long term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution on account of other than temporary decline in the value of the investment.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

(f) Foreign currency transactions

Initial recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency denominated monetary items are translated into reporting currency at the closing rates of exchange prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. Non-monetary items, which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items, or on reporting monetary items of the Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

Forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risk of an existing asset

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense / income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or as expense for the period.

(g) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized as follows: Product licenses and related revenue:

- License fees are recognized, on delivery and subsequent milestone schedule as per the terms of the contract with the end user.

- Implementation and customization services are recognized as services are provided, when arrangements are on a time and material basis. Revenue for fixed price contracts is recognized using the proportionate completion method. Proportionate completion is measured based upon the efforts incurred to date in relation to the total estimated efforts to complete the contract. The Company monitors estimates of total contract revenue and cost on a routine basis throughout the delivery period. The cumulative impact of any change in estimates of the contract revenue or costs is reflected in the period in which the changes become known. In the event that a loss is anticipated on a particular contract, provision is made for the estimated loss.

- Product maintenance revenue is recognized, over the period of the maintenance contract on a straight line basis. IT solutions and consulting services:

- Revenue from IT solutions and consulting services are recognized as services are provided, when arrangements are on a time and material basis.

- Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognized using the proportionate completion method. Proportionate completion is measured based upon the efforts incurred to date in relation to the total estimated efforts to complete the contract. The Company monitors estimates of total contract revenue and cost on a routine basis throughout the delivery period. The cumulative impact of any change in estimates of the contract revenue or costs is reflected in the period in which the changes become known. In the event that a loss is anticipated on a particular contract, provision is made for the estimated loss.

The Company presents revenues net of service tax and value added taxes in its statement of profit and loss.

Revenue in excess of billings is classified as unbilled revenue while billing in excess of revenue is classified as deferred revenue.

Interest income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend income

Dividend income is recognized when the company''s right to receive dividend is established by the reporting date.

(h) Research and development expenses for software products

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Software product development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical feasibility of the project is established, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the software and the cost can be measured reliably. Software product development costs incurred subsequent to the achievement of technical feasibility are not material and are expensed as incurred.

(i) Retirement and other employee benefits

Provident fund and superannuation fund are defined contribution schemes and the Company has no further obligation beyond the contributions made to the fund. Contributions are charged to statement of profit and loss in the year in which they accrue.

Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is recorded based on actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of the year. Under the gratuity plan, every employee who has completed at least five years of service gets a gratuity on departure @ 15 days of last drawn salary for each completed year of service. The gratuity liability and net periodic gratuity cost is actuarially determined after considering discount rates, expected long term return on plan assets and increase in compensation levels. All actuarial gains / losses are immediately recorded to statement of profit and loss and are not deferred. The Company makes contributions to a fund administered and managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) to fund the gratuity liability. Under this scheme, the obligation to pay gratuity remains with the Company, although LIC administers the scheme.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method. All actuarial gains / losses are immediately recognized to statement of profit and loss and are not deferred. The Company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the balance sheet date.

(j) Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Lease of assets under which substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership are transferred to the Company are classified as finance leases. These assets are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are recognized as finance cost in statement of profit and loss. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized.

Leases of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as an expense in statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(k) Income-tax

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961 (''Indian Income Tax Act''). Tax expense relating to overseas operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are domiciled. Advance taxes and provisions for current income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance taxes paid and income tax provisions arising in the same tax jurisdiction and enterprise. Deferred income taxes are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are re-assessed and recognized to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realized. The carrying value of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes- down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Minimum Alternative tax (''MAT'') credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (''ICAI''), the said asset is created by way of a credit to statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

(l) Earnings per share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share comprise the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of shares, if any which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The weighted average number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for the bonus shares and sub-division of shares. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(m) Share based compensation / payments

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share-based payment plans is done in accordance with Securities Exchange Board of India (''SEBI'') (Share Based Employee Benefit) Regulations, 2014 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share- based Payments, issued by the ICAI. The Company uses the intrinsic value method of accounting for its employee share based compensation plan and other share based arrangements. Under this method compensation expense is recorded over the vesting period of the option, if the fair market value of the underlying stock exceeds the exercise price at the grant date.

(n) Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.

(o) Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

(p) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2014

(a) Basis of presentation

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India and complying in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 (the ''Act'') read with General Circular 8/2014 dated April 4, 2014 issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous years.

The significant accounting policies adopted by the Company, in respect of the financial statements are set out as below:

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting year end. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

(c) Fixed assets including intangibles and capital work-in-progress, depreciation, amortization and impairment

Fixed assets including intangibles and capital work-in-progress

Fixed assets including assets under finance lease arrangements are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The Company capitalizes all direct costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets. The cost of fixed assets not ready to use before balance sheet date are disclosed under ''Capital work-in-progress''. Product Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) acquired as part of business acquisitions are capitalized based on a fair value. The Company records the difference between considerations paid to acquire these IPRs and the fair value of assets and liabilities acquired as goodwill.

The Company purchases certain specific-use application software, which is in ready to use condition, for internal use. It is estimated that such software has a relatively short useful life, usually less than one year. The Company, therefore, charges to income the cost of acquiring such software.

Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation and amortization are computed using straight-line method, at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Act or based on the estimated useful life of assets, whichever is higher. Individual assets costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition. The estimated useful life considered for depreciation of fixed assets is as follows:

Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal / external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to assets. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

(d) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date on which such investments are made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Trade investments refer to the investments made with the aim of enhancing the Company''s business interests in providing information technology solutions to the financial services industry worldwide.

Long term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution on account of other than temporary decline in the value of the investment.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

(e) Foreign currency transactions

Initial recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency denominated monetary items are translated into reporting currency at the closing rates of exchange prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. Non-monetary items, which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items, or on reporting monetary items of the Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

Forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risk of an existing asset

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense / income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or as expense for the period.

(f) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized as follows: Product licenses and related revenue:

- License fees are recognized, on delivery and subsequent milestone schedule as per the terms of the contract with the end user.

- Implementation and customization services are recognized as services are provided, when arrangements are on a time and material basis. Revenue for fixed price contracts is recognized using the proportionate completion method till contracts reach 90% completion. Balance revenue is recognized at the time of receipt of customer acceptance.

Proportionate completion is measured based upon the efforts incurred to date in relation to the total estimated efforts to complete the contract. The Company monitors estimates of total contract revenue and cost on a routine basis throughout the delivery period. The cumulative impact of any change in estimates of the contract revenue or costs is reflected in the period in which the changes become known. In the event that a loss is anticipated on a particular contract, provision is made for the estimated loss.

- Product maintenance revenue is recognized, over the period of the maintenance contract on a straight line basis.

IT solutions and consulting services:

- Revenue from IT solutions and consulting services are recognized as services are provided, when arrangements are on a time and material basis.

- Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognized using the proportionate completion method till contracts reach 90% completion. Balance revenue is recognized at the time of receipt of customer acceptance. Proportionate completion is measured based upon the efforts incurred to date in relation to the total estimated efforts to complete the contract. The Company monitors estimates of total contract revenue and cost on a routine basis throughout the delivery period. The cumulative impact of any change in estimates of the contract revenue or costs is reflected in the period in which the changes become known. In the event that a loss is anticipated on a particular contract, provision is made for the estimated loss.

The Company presents revenues net of service tax and value added taxes in its statement of profit and loss.

Cost and revenue in excess of billings is classified as unbilled revenue while billing in excess of revenue is classified as deferred revenue.

Interest income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend income

Dividend income is recognized when the company''s right to receive dividend is established by the reporting date.

(g) Research and development expenses for software products

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Software product development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical feasibility of the project is established, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the software and the cost can be measured reliably. Software product development costs incurred subsequent to the achievement of technical feasibility are not material and are expensed as incurred.

(h) Retirement and other employee benefits

Provident fund and superannuation fund are defined contribution schemes and the Company has no further obligation beyond the contributions made to the fund. Contributions are charged to statement of profit and loss in the year in which they accrue.

Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is recorded based on actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of the year. Under the gratuity plan, every employee who has completed at least five years of service gets a gratuity on departure @ 15 days of last drawn salary for each completed year of service. The gratuity liability and net periodic gratuity cost is actuarially determined after considering discount rates, expected long term return on plan assets and increase in compensation levels. All actuarial gains / losses are immediately recorded to statement of profit and loss and are not deferred. The Company makes contributions to a fund administered and managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) to fund the gratuity liability. Under this scheme, the obligation to pay gratuity remains with the Company, although LIC administers the scheme.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method. All actuarial gains / losses are immediately recognized to statement of profit and loss and are not deferred. The Company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the balance sheet date.

(i) Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Lease of assets under which substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership are transferred to the Company are classified as finance leases. These assets are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are recognized as finance cost in statement of profit and loss. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized.

Leases of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as an expense in statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(j) Income-tax

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961 (''Indian Income Tax Act''). Tax expense relating to overseas operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are domiciled. Advance taxes and provisions for current income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance taxes paid and income tax provisions arising in the same tax jurisdiction and enterprise. Deferred income taxes are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are re-assessed and recognized to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realized. The carrying value of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Minimum Alternative tax (''MAT'') credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (''ICAI''), the said asset is created by way of a credit to statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

(k) Earnings per share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share comprise the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of shares, if any which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The weighted average number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for the bonus shares and sub-division of shares. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(l) Share based compensation / payments

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share-based payment plans is done in accordance with Securities Exchange Board of India (''SEBI'') (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments, issued by the ICAI. The Company uses the intrinsic value method of accounting for its employee share based compensation plan and other share based arrangements. Under this method compensation expense is recorded over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis, if the fair market value of the underlying stock exceeds the exercise price at the grant date.

(m) Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.

(n) Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

(o) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2013

(a) Basis of presentation

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India and complying in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the ''Act''). The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous years''.

The significant accounting policies adopted by the Company, in respect of the financial statements are set out as below:

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting year end. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

(c) Fixed assets including intangibles and capital work-in-progress, depreciation, amortization and impairment

Fixed assets including intangibles and capital work-in-progress

Fixed assets including assets under finance lease arrangements are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The Company capitalizes all direct costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets. The cost of fixed assets not ready to use before balance sheet date are disclosed under ''Capital work-in-progress''. Product Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) acquired as part of business acquisitions are capitalized based on a fair value. The Company records the difference between considerations paid to acquire these IPRs and the fair value of assets and liabilities acquired as goodwill.

The Company purchases certain specific-use application software, which is in ready to use condition, for internal use. It is estimated that such software has a relatively short useful life, usually less than one year. The Company, therefore, charges to income the cost of acquiring such software.

Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation and amortization are computed using straight-line method, at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Act or based on the estimated useful life of assets, whichever is higher. Individual assets costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition. The estimated useful life considered for depreciation of fixed assets is as follows:

Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to assets. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

(d) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date on which such investments are made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Trade investments refer to the investments made with the aim of enhancing the Company''s business interests in providing information technology solutions to the financial services industry worldwide.

Long term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution on account of other than temporary decline in the value of the investment.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

(e) Foreign currency transactions

Initial recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in Indian Rupees, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the Indian Rupees and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency denominated monetary items are translated into rupees at the closing rates of exchange prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. Non-monetary items, which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting Company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded or reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

(f) Forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risk of an existing asset

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or as expense for the period.

(g) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized as follows:

Product licenses and related revenue

- License fees are recognized, on delivery and subsequent milestone schedule as per the terms of the contract with the end user.

- Implementation and customization services are recognized as services are provided, when arrangements are on a time and material basis. Revenue for fixed price contracts is recognized using the proportionate completion method till contracts reach 90% completion. Balance revenue is recognized at the time of receipt of customer acceptance.

- Proportionate completion is measured based upon the efforts incurred to date in relation to the total estimated efforts to complete the contract. The Company monitors estimates of total contract revenue and cost on a routine basis throughout the delivery period. The cumulative impact of any change in estimates of the contract revenue or costs is reflected in the period in which the changes become known. In the event that a loss is anticipated on a particular contract, provision is made for the estimated loss.

- Product maintenance revenue is recognized, over the period of the maintenance contract on a straight line basis.

IT solutions and consulting services

- Revenue from IT solutions and consulting services are recognized as services are provided, when arrangements are on a time and material basis.

- Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognized using the proportionate completion method till contract reach 90% completion. Balance revenue is recognized at the time of receipt of customer acceptance. Proportionate completion is measured based upon the efforts incurred to date in relation to the total estimated efforts to complete the contract. The Company monitors estimates of total contract revenue and cost on a routine basis throughout the delivery period. The cumulative impact of any change in estimates of the contract revenue or costs is reflected in the period in which the changes become known. In the event that a loss is anticipated on a particular contract, provision is made for the estimated loss.

The Company presents revenues net of service tax and value added taxes in its statement of profit and loss.

Cost and revenue in excess of billings is classified as unbilled revenue while billing in excess of revenue is classified as deferred revenue.

Interest income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend income

Dividend income is recognized when the company''s right to receive dividend is established by the reporting date.

(h) Research and development expenses for software products

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Software product development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical feasibility of the project is established, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the software and the cost can be measured reliably. Software product development costs incurred subsequent to the achievement of technical feasibility are not material and are expensed as incurred.

(i) Retirement and other employee benefits

Provident fund and superannuation fund are defined contribution schemes and the Company has no further obligation beyond the contributions made to the fund. Contributions are charged to statement of profit and loss in the year in which they accrue.

Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is recorded based on actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of the year. Under the gratuity plan, every employee who has completed at least five years of service gets a gratuity on departure @ 15 days of last drawn salary for each completed year of service. The gratuity liability and net periodic gratuity cost is actuarially determined after considering discount rates, expected long term return on plan assets and increase in compensation levels. All actuarial gain/loss are immediately recorded to statement of profit and loss and are not deferred. The Company makes contributions to a fund administered and managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) to fund the gratuity liability. Under this scheme, the obligation to pay gratuity remains with the Company, although LIC administers the scheme.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method. All actuarial gains/losses are immediately recognized to statement of profit and loss and are not deferred. The Company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the balance sheet date.

(j) Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Lease of assets under which substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership are transferred to the Company are classified as finance leases. These assets are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are recognized as finance cost in statement of profit and loss. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized.

Leases of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as an expense in statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(k) Income-tax

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961 (''Indian Income Tax Act''). Deferred income taxes are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are re-assessed and recognized to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realized. The carrying value of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Minimum Alternative tax (''MAT'') credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (''ICAI''), the said asset is created by way of a credit to statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

(l) Earnings per share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share comprise the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of shares, if any which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The weighted average number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for the bonus shares and sub-division of shares. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(m) Share based compensation/payments

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share-based payment plans is done in accordance with Securities Exchange Board of India (''SEBI'') (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments, issued by the ICAI. The Company uses the intrinsic value method of accounting for its employee share based compensation plan and other share based arrangements. Under this method compensation expense is recorded over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis, if the fair market value of the underlying stock exceeds the exercise price at the grant date.

(n) Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.

(o) Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

(p) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

 
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