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Accounting Policies of Bio Green Papers Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014


The Financial Statements have been prepared in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles to comply in all material respects with the notified Accounting Standards (''AS'') under Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006, (as amended), the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''). The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

a) Change in Accounting Policy

Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

During the year ended 31 March 2014, the Revised Schedule VI notified under Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its Financial Statements. The adoption of Revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of Financial Statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the Financial Statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year, for comparison.

b) Method of Accounting

The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis.

c) Use of Estimates

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the end of the reporting period. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying Financial Statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the Financial Statements. Actual results may differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying Financial Statements. Any revisions to accounting estimates are recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

d) Fixed Assets, Depreciation, amortization and impairment of assets Tangible Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets

Tangible Fixed assets and Intangible Assets are stated at their original cost of acquisition, net of accumulated depreciation and CENVAT credit, and include taxes, freight and other incidental expenses related to their acquisition / construction / installation. Pre-operative expenses relatable to a specific project are capitalized till all the activities necessary to prepare the qualifying asset for its intended use are completed. Expenses capitalized also include applicable borrowing costs. Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are recognized in the Balance Sheet at cost, net of any accumulated amortization / impairment. Preliminary expenses are amortized over a period of 5 years. De-merger expenses are amortized over a period of ten years.


Depreciation is provided on all depreciable assets by Written down Value Method at the rates prescribed in schedule XVI to the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time. Depreciation has been calculated on pro-rata basis from the date of acquisition / Installation of asset. Depreciation as per Income Tax has been separately calculated for ascertaining the Tax liability.

Impairment of assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired.

e) Investments

Investments are classified into current and long-term investments. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost or fair market value. Any diminution in their value is recognized in the profit and loss account. Long-term investments, including investment in subsidiaries, are carried at cost. Diminution of temporary nature in the value of such long-term investments is not provided for except when such diminution is determined to be of a permanent nature.

Investment Property

An investment in land or buildings that are not intended to be occupied substantially for use by, or in the operations of, the Company is classified as investment property. Investment Properties are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortization and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the investment property to its working condition for its intended use. Depreciation on the building component of the investment property is calculated on a Written down Value Method (''WDV''), and is equal to the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Act. On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and the net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

f) Inventories

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is less. Cost comprises of expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in brining such inventories to their location. Finished goods at the factory are valued at cost in all applicable cases. Obsolete, non-moving and defective inventories are identified at the time of physical verification of inventories and adequate provision, wherever necessary, is made for such inventories.

g) Revenue Recognition

Income is recognized when the goods are dispatched in accordance with terms of sale. Sale is inclusive of excise duty, as applicable.

In respect of income from services, income is recognized as and when the rendering of services is complete. Revenue from time period services is recognized on the basis of time incurred in providing such services.

h) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of cost of such asset. Other borrowing costs are treated as a period cost and are expensed in the year of occurrence.

i) Income and Deferred Tax

The provision made for income tax in the accounts comprises both the current and deferred tax. Current tax is provided for on the taxable income for the year. The deferred tax assets and liabilities for the year arising on account of timing differences (net) are recognized in the Profit and Loss account and the cumulative effect thereof is reflected in the Balance Sheet.

j) Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.