On What Basis Are Dividends Declared By Companies? Is There A Formula?

Subscribe to GoodReturns
For Quick Alerts
ALLOW NOTIFICATIONS  
For Daily Alerts

    Dividends are declared by companies from the net profits of the company. Now, many companies that make profits do not necessarily declare a dividend. There maybe various reasons for that.

    On What Basis Are Dividends Declared By Companies? Is There A Formula?
    The company might want to conserve cash for an expansion or the profits maybe very small to declare a dividend. This is because if your equity is large and profits low, dividends in the hands of investors maybe very poor.

    So, the simple answer to the question on what basis companies declare dividends would be their own internals.

    For example, in this quarter Infosys had a dividend distribution ratio of more than 50 per cent. What this means is that more than 50 per cent of the net profits was distributed as dividends.

    Now, for a company like Infosys it is easy to declare large amounts from its net profits as dividend. This is because this is a debt free company and even if wants money for future expansion it is sitting on a cash pile.

    What this means is that it has enough money for buyouts and acquisition and hence the dividend distribution ratio can really be high.

    On the other hand a company that has very little profits may want to conserve the same for future expansions and may not declare dividends at all.

    Also, let's say a company has net profits of Rs 10 crores, but its equity capital is Rs 2000 crores (face value Rs 10). If it distributes even the entire profits as dividend each share will fetch a dividend of only 5 paise. This would be ridiculous and it was better for the company not to declare dividends.

    Conclusion

    In short there is no fixed formula to declare a dividend. If the company is sound expect a dividend payout ratio of around 40 to 50 per cent. Or else you can expect a smaller dividend.

    Goodreturns.in

    Read more about: dividends infosys
    Story first published: Monday, May 25, 2015, 10:02 [IST]
    Company Search
    Enter the first few characters of the company's name or the NSE symbol or BSE code and click 'Go'

    Find IFSC

    Get Latest News alerts from Goodreturns

    We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. This includes cookies from third party social media websites and ad networks. Such third party cookies may track your use on Goodreturns sites for better rendering. Our partners use cookies to ensure we show you advertising that is relevant to you. If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on Goodreturns website. However, you can change your cookie settings at any time. Learn more