LPG Price in India is determined by the state-run oil companies and is revised on a monthly basis. Almost all the household in India has a LPG connection and it is mainly used for cooking purpose. An increase in LPG prices will affect the common man in general as they have to bear the brunt of the rising fuel prices in the current market scenario. The best part of it is the government of India is currently providing subsidy on the sale of domestic LPG cylinders to the consumers. The subsidy amount is directly credited to the individuals bank account after the purchase of the cylinder. The subsidy amount varies every month and is dependent on the changes in the average international benchmark LPG prices added with the foreign exchange rate.
|City||Dec 2018||Nov 2018|
|New Delhi||₹ 809.60||₹ 939|
|Kolkata||₹ 837.21||₹ 969.50|
|Mumbai||₹ 780.69||₹ 912|
|Chennai||₹ 826.50||₹ 958.50|
|Gurgaon||₹ 814.16||₹ 945|
|Noida||₹ 804.37||₹ 935.50|
|Bangalore||₹ 811.32||₹ 941|
|Bhubaneswar||₹ 838.29||₹ 969|
|Chandigarh||₹ 825.38||₹ 953|
|Hyderabad||₹ 867.16||₹ 999|
|Jaipur||₹ 796.73||₹ 927.50|
|Lucknow||₹ 846.05||₹ 977.50|
|Patna||₹ 906||₹ 1,039.50|
|Trivandrum||₹ 808.67||₹ 940|
|State List for LPG Rates in India|
|Andaman & Nicobar||Andhra Pradesh||Arunachal Pradesh|
|Chhatisgarh||Dadra Nagarhaveli||Daman & Diu|
|Haryana||Himachal Pradesh||Jammu & Kashmir|
The term LPG stands for Liquefied Petroleum Gas. It is also known as butane or propane. It is used as a fuel for cooking purpose apart from its use in heating equipment and for powering vehicles. The LPG is prepared by refining petroleum or wet natural gas and it is mostly derived from the fossil fuel sources. It is manufactured during the refining of crude oil or it is extracted from the natural gas streams as they emerge from the ground or it is derived from petroleum products.
LPG is made during a natural gas processing and oil refining process. It is separated from the unprocessed natural gas using refrigeration technique and later extracted from heated crude oil using a distillation tower. The LPG which is obtained can be used as it or it can be separated into its three primary parts namely – propane, isobutane and butane.
The Liquefied Petroleum Gas is usually stored pressurized in the form of liquid in cylinders or in tanks.
LPG constitutes a group of flammable hydrocarbon gases which are liquefied through pressurization and is commonly used as a fuel. The following list of gases are also labelled under LPG and it includes butane, isobutane, propane and mixture of all these three.
The Liquefied Petroleum Gases can be stored in steel vessels ranging from small BBQ gas bottles to larger tanks and gas cylinders.
LPG can be used for numerous purposes, important amongst them include
• In Homes, it is used for cooking, heating, BBQ
• Electricity Generation in the case of generators, Co-gen, Tri-gen and Gas Turbines
• Agriculture for greenhouses, flame weeding, crop drying
• Business & Industry for forklifts, ovens, boilers, furnaces
• Transportation for taxis, buses, autogas, commercial vehicles
• Live Stock for Poultry Sheds, Diaries, Piggeries and so on
The LPG is considered as the most preferred cooking fuel due to the following reasons:
• It burns readily and gives off instant fuel.
• The flame is visible in nature.
• The flame can be adjusted to meet the heating requirements easily.
• It can be transported from one place to another in pressurized containers.
• It is easy to store LPG in a cylinder.
• It consumes less space in the kitchen to store an LPG cylinder.
• It is non-toxic in nature when burned.
• It is unlikely to have any kind of harmful effect on the environment.
• It does not release soot when burned and hence vessels can be washed cleanly.
• It is one of the most economical fuel source found in nature.
• It burns very efficiently with very fewer combustion emissions and does not create black smoke.
• Replacement of a cylinder can be done easily without any hassles.
The following state-run companies are the primary LPG cylinder providers in India.
Bharat Gas is run by Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited. Is usually provides gas connections for domestic consumption across households in India. The company provides a dedicated web portal for its customers who can use the platform to apply for new connections apart from booking for new LPG cylinder. To secure a new connection, customers have to submit a list of documents that will determine their eligibility apart from regulating the eligibility for subsidy provided by the government of India. The connection can be transferred from one place to another across any part of the country and this facility is available to all the customer of Bharat Gas.
Indane Gas is run by the state-run Indian Oil Corporation. If one is looking to get an LPG connection for household purpose then one can opt for Indane. The LPG connection under Indane is available to everyone on submission of the required documents to the nearest Indane Gas distributor. The distributor will scrutinize the documents and verify if the applicant is eligible to participate in the several schemes run by the government of India to secure the subsidized gas connections mainly to those individuals who qualify for the same. The registration for the purpose of securing the gas connection can be done either through online mode. Customers of Indane Gas can book for cylinders by personally visiting the Indane Gas Distributor and can thereon refill the cylinder by booking for them via the internet or through phone or using SMS (mobile) application. The connection can be transferred from one place to another anywhere across the country as per the requirements of the customers.
The HP Gas is run by the state-run Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited. The company provides its customers with gas connections for household purpose across India. The customers are eligible for securing subsidy under the government scheme and according to the customers account will be credited with the subsidy amount post the purchase of the cylinder. One has to submit all the required documents which will be scrutinized thoroughly to check the eligibility for getting the subsidy under the government scheme. If the existing customers of HP Gas wish to change the gas connection from one place to another then the same will be done to any place across the country. For securing a new connection, one has to submit all the required documents as mentioned by the distributor of HP Gas at the time of submission of application form.
The aspiring new customers have to submit the below-mentioned list of the document to secure a new LPG connection.
Proof of Identification Document (any one of the following)
• PAN Card
• Election Voter ID Card
• Aadhaar Card
• Driving Licence
• Government Issued Photo ID Card
Proof of Address Documents (any one of the following)
• Driving Licence
• Ration Card
• Lease Agreement
• Flat Allotment
• Self-declaration attested by a Gazetted Officer
• Aadhaar Card
• House Registration Document
• Rental Agreement Document
• Utility Bills like electricity, water bill, telephone bills
• Passport size photos
• Debit card or Credit card statement
• Bank Passbook
The Indian households are allowed to purchase up to 12 domestic LPG cylinders per year at subsidized rates. If the consumers cross the set mark of 12 LPG cylinders per year, then they will be charged at a non-subsidized rates starting from the 13th cylinder.
Gone are those days, wherein consumers had to book for an LPG cylinder by personally visiting the distributor and waiting anxiously till the cylinder arrives near the doorsteps. The technology has helped both the customers as well as the distributors to deliver an LPG cylinder on time to the doorsteps of the consumer without any hassles.
There are several ways through which an individual can book for an LPG gas cylinder. They are
• Distributor Agency
• Online Mode
• Mobile App for Android and i-phones
• SMS Mode
• IVRS Mode
Customers can visit their respective distributor agent at their office and can book for a new refilled cylinder in person. This can be done by providing the customer number and the payment for the same can be made at the time of delivery of the cylinder.
Now booking for a cylinder is an easy job as one can sit comfortably at home and can book for a new cylinder by providing the user id and password post registration. All the oil marketers including – HPCL, BPCL, IOCL are providing an option for their esteemed customers to book for a new cylinder via their respective web portal. This will help the customers to refill the empty cylinders without much hassles of physically visiting the distributor’s store every time.
Customers who prefer to book online can even make payment for cylinders via online mode using their debit card or credit card or via net banking or through Paytm option. Some of the distributors are providing a discount on the maximum retail price of the cylinder when payment is made via online mode.
Advantages of Booking an LPG cylinder via Online Mode
• One can book from the comfort of home or office and need not physically visit a shop to book for the cylinder.
• Consumers can make payment via online mode through net banking or using debit/credit cards.
• One has to just visit the website of the LPG provider to book for a cylinder post registering.
• Post delivery of the cylinder, the consumer will get an SMS or email notification.
• It is a convenient process to refill an empty cylinder.
• One need not have to bear additional charges to book through online mode.
• Refilling of the cylinder can be done anytime from anywhere.
• It is one of the safe and convenient methods to book for a cylinder.
• Easy payment option.
• The delivery tracking system is available.
The customers who are using the smartphone can download the app of the respective gas distributor from the store and proceed further to refill the LPG gas cylinder booking through there.
The customer has to first register themselves on the mobile app by providing the correct mobile number, e-mail address and a one-time password (OTP) which will be sent to the phone number for authentication of the registration process. Once the app registration process is done, the customer can go ahead and book for refilling an empty cylinder and can choose to pay for the cylinder either through debit/credit card or via online mode or through net banking.
The mobile app contains all the details pertaining to customer ID, booking history and so on.
As there is an increase in the number of customers who are paying through online mode, the gas marketing companies have introduced e-wallet payment options to ease out the payment procedure for LPG cylinders.
Customers who wish to book for an LPG refilled cylinder can do so via SMS mode. The first thing they have to do is to register their mobile number with the gas distributor, post this a particular format needs to be followed and an SMS has to be sent according to the said format while booking for a new cylinder.
All the gas distributors provide the specific numbers in their respective websites to which the customers can send in the request for a new cylinder through SMS.
For Example: If a customer is procuring cylinder through Indane, then the procedure for registering for booking is as follows. For the first time, the customer has to send an SMS IOC < STD Code + distributor’s landline telephone number> to xxxxxxxxxx. If the distributor’s landline number is 080 25586948 and the consumer number is YC24569V, then SMS should be sent in the following format: IOC 080 25586948 YC24569V to xxxxxxxxxx.
For subsequent bookings, send an SMS IOC to xxxxxxxxxx, whenever the booking is made.
The term IVRS stands for Interactive Voice Response System and is a kind of technology which allows the computer to interact with the human beings through the use of voice and Dual Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF) tones input with the help of keyboard or by speech.
The customers can book for refilled LPG cylinder using IVRS and this facility is available across major cities in India. The system is simple yet efficient one which makes the booking procedure fast and helps the customer to order for a new refilled cylinder round the clock.
If the customer is using the IVRS for the first time, then they have to dial the specific IVRS number which has been particularly assigned to each of the distributors either from the mobile or through landline and then follow the steps to proceed further as guided by the voice response.
The IVRS offers the customer to choose the language option as the first step following which the customer has to enter the distributor’s phone number along with the STD code following this step one has to enter the 17 digit consumer number after this one has to select from the options and book for refilled LPG cylinder after this step the system will provide a reference number for refill booking and prompts the user to register the phone number for future use.
For further bookings, the registered users can dial the specific IVRS number which has been particularly assigned to each of the distributors from their registered phone number and proceed further by selecting the option through the interactive mode either for refill booking or for registering a complaint or for checking the status of the previous booking. If the customer chooses to refill booking option then the system will respond by providing the reference number for the same.
In India, the LPG cylinders are mainly differentiated into two types and they are
• Domestic LPG Cylinder
• Non-Domestic/Commercial LPG Cylinder
The domestic LPG cylinder is mainly for domestic household and the same is available with all the gas distributors in the country. The prices of LPG is fixed by the state-run oil marketing companies and the same is arrived at based on currency exchange rate and crude prices at the global level. The LPG prices are regularly revised at the beginning of the month.
The domestic LPG cylinders are currently available to the users at subsidized rates. Due to the high rates of LPG cylinders the central government has stepped in and is providing all the LPG cylinders which are meant for domestic use at subsidized prices. In this process, the customer will have to pay the price which has been mentioned in the cash memo of the voucher issued by the distributor along with the delivery charges at the time of delivery of the LPG cylinder at one's doorsteps. Post which the subsidy amount will be directly credited to the customer's bank account which has been linked with the gas connection. The domestic LPG cylinders are painted with red colour for easy identification and to avoid its usage for non-domestic purposes.
The subsidy amount on domestic cylinders depends on the city and it falls in the range between Rs 420 – Rs 465 for a 14.2 kg cylinder. In case of a non-domestic LPG cylinder, the subsidy rates fall between Rs 593 – Rs 605 per cylinder.
Domestic LPG Cylinders in India is available in
• 5 kgs
• 14.2 kgs
The commercial LPG cylinders are the ones which are meant for its usage in non-domestic places which includes hotels, restaurants, industries, eatery joints, poultry, transportation, electricity generation, agricultural usage and so on. The prices of commercial LPG cylinders is fixed by the state-run oil marketing companies and the same is subject to revision on a regular basis. The crude rates at the global level and the currency exchange rate are the two main factors which are taken into consideration before arriving at the rates of commercial LPG cylinders in India.
The LPG cylinders are painted in blue colour for its easy identification.
The commercial LPG cylinders are priced high when compared to the ones which are used for the domestic purpose and these cylinders are not eligible to get a subsidy from the government.
Commercial LPG Cylinders in India are available in
• 5 kgs
• 19 kgs
• 47.5 kgs
The Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme under the Pahal introduced by the Central government has mandated the consumers who use domestic LPG cylinders to link their Aadhaar number with the respective gas distributor with an intention to secure the subsidy amount through direct benefit transfer scheme. One has to link the Aadhaar number correctly to the bank account and gas connection to enjoy the benefits of the subsidy scheme.
Customers can choose from any of the below-mentioned options to link their Aadhaar card number with the LPG connection.
• Offline Method
• Online Mode
• SMS Mode
• IVRS Method
The customers have to either take a print out of the online form or has to collect the LPG linking form from the local gas distributor with whom they have secured an LPG gas connection. Fill in all the details as mentioned in the form including 17 digit LPG consumer number and 12 digit Aadhaar number. Attach a self-attested photocopy of Aadhaar card along with the form. After filling in all the required details, submit the form to the gas distributor for linking the Aadhaar number with the gas connection.
The customer can link their Aadhaar card with the gas distributor through online mode as well. For this, one has to visit the Resident Self Seeding Portal of UIDAI and enter the location and residential address. Proceeding further, one has to choose the benefit type that is the distributor with the customer is associated with (HP or Bharat Gas or Indane Gas). After this, the customer has to fill in the personal details and after filling in all the required information one has to click on the submit button.
After this, the customer will get an OTP (One Time Password) on his/her registered mobile number with UIDAI, the same has to be entered in the online form for the final submission.
One has to first visit the respective web portal of the LPG marketing agency (Bharat Gas or Hindustan Petroleum Gas or Indane Gas) and check for the list of contact numbers of various states available in their portal. Note down the contact number of the state where you reside and send an SMS to the state’s contact number from the registered mobile number in the following format UID .
For Example: If the Aadhaar card number is 98765432101236, then the SMS format will be UID 98765432101236.
On sending the SMS in the above mentioned format, one will get a confirmation SMS informing about the successfully linking of Aadhaar number with gas connection.
The customer has to follow the below-mentioned method to link an Aadhaar card number with the gas connection using IVRS method. One has to first visit the website portal of gas agency and find out the state from the list to get the IVRS contact number which usually differs from one distributor to another and also from one state to another. On getting the number, dial the number and follow the instructions as mentioned thereby entering the 12 digit Aadhaar number and by confirming the same by pressing 1 option and in this way, one can link the Aadhaar card with the respective gas distributor.
The government of India slashed the prices of the subsidized domestic cylinder by Rs 6.50 per LPG cylinder with immediate effect following the decline in the international fuel rates added with the appreciation of the Indian rupee.
The country’s largest fuel distributor, Indian Oil Corporation announced in a statement that the prices of a 14.2 kg subsidized domestic LPG cylinder will cost Rs 500.90 in Delhi compared to the earlier price of Rs 507.43. Whereas a non-subsidized LPG gas cylinder will cost Rs 809.50 in the national capital of India, down from the previous rate of Rs 133 per cylinder.1 December 2018
The prices of LPG cylinders in India has been hiked from Novermber 2018 and this is the sixth straight hike on a monthly basis in a row starting from June. The Petroleum Ministry cited that the rise in the prices is mainly due to the tax impact. The tax rates on LPG varies every month and it depends on fluctuation in the average international benchmark LPG rate as well as the foreign exchange rate.
The rates of the subsidized domestic LPG cylinder which weighs 14.2 kgs has gone up by Rs 2.94 per cylinder whereas the non-subsidized ones are up by Rs 60 per cylinder.
Apart from this, the government has also increased the subsidy rates on domestic LPG cylinder and accordingly, the customers will be credited with Rs 433.66 per LPG cylinder in November 2018, up from the previous subsidy amount of Rs 376.60 per cylinder as on October 2018. A balance of Rs 57.06 (Rs 60 – Rs 2.94) per cylinder will be compensated to the consumer as a subsidy amount which will be directly transferred to their respective bank account.2 November 2018