As per RBI declaration 3 of the Indian Banks that include HDFC Bank, SBI and ICICI Bank are too big in size in respect of several parameters and hence have been brought up in this list of domestic systemically important bank. These Banks are categorized in the 'Too Big Too Fail' list.
Parameters based on which they have been put under the title
D-SIB has been labeled for these banks as they have incomparable size, cross jurisdisctional activities, lack of substitute as well as interconnection and complexity. These banks constitute nearly over 2% of the GDP and hence constitute this group.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of these banks?
In terms of pros and cons, their incomparable size in respect of services and customer base, if these happen to fail due to any event, there will be high disruption in the financial world. So seeing the importance and their role in the Indian bank, they have been put at an advantage in respect of funding. More so they get or are expected to receive continuous government aid.
Also, policies for these banks concerning systemic risks and moral issues are differently put down in comparison of other banks in the Indian banking system.
On what respect is the bank declared as D-SIB?
Every August, the RBI comes up with its list of D-SIB banks and the bucket in which they fall and depending on that additional capital requirement is also stipulated for a bank. As per the current list, HDFC and ICICI Bank fall in the first bucket, with requirement to maintain additional 0.15% of incremental tier-I capital whereas SBI comes in the third bucket which requires 0.45% incremental capital.
For a banking customer, there has been no chance of default from banks and deposits with the bank are safe and backed by Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC) insurance cover.