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Popular Cryptocurrency Terms Every Crypto Enthusiast Should Know


Cryptocurrency has grown in popularity among investors, customers, developers, and regulators. Though, as with any new technology, it is not without complexities. In a nutshell, crypto refers to digitally-native properties that operate on a decentralized peer-to-peer network (also known as a blockchain) that publicly validates all network transactions. Given the market size and internet access, cryptocurrency is a huge opportunity for India, with tremendous potential to improve the capabilities of an economy that is already well-suited to draw crypto-related capital investments. This post will go through some of the more common cryptocurrency terms and phrases, offering a solid basis for individuals interested in learning more about this revolutionary asset class.


Satoshi Nakamoto

Satoshi Nakamoto

The developers of the Bitcoin blockchain go by the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Although the name Satoshi Nakamoto is frequently associated with Bitcoin, the actual person who bears the name has never been identified, leading many to assume that it is a nickname for a person or group of people with a different identity.


Unique addresses are used to identify cryptocurrency coins on the blockchain. No coin can be stored without an address, and the blockchain cannot confirm or verify its presence. An address is a code used to send, store, and receive cryptocurrency units in the cryptocurrency industry. Each user's address is special and can be anywhere between 26 and 35 characters long. This address is a combination of letters and numbers that each user on the network uses to create a unique address.

Blockchain Technology

Blockchain Technology

The technology that underpins cryptocurrency is known as a blockchain. It's essentially a decentralized network with a digital storage system that records transactions. A collection of blocks makes up the blockchain, which is a distributed ledger scheme. These blocks contain transactions that have been verified. The blockchain was created to be not only decentralized but also permanent, which means that once an entry is made in this distributed ledger, it cannot be removed or changed.

Decentralized Exchange

Decentralized Exchange

The term "decentralized" in the context of cryptocurrency refers to the absence of a network's central point. Instead, it is dispersed through a number of users (nodes).

Centralized Exchange

This term refers to a type of cryptocurrency exchange that is run by a centralized business.

Decentralized apps (dApps)

When it comes to decentralization, you should be familiar with decentralized applications, or dApps. These are open-source blockchain software designed for real-world use. Ethereum is known as the "mother" of decentralized applications.

Distributed Ledger Technology

A distributed ledger is a method of storing data that is simply distributed through a number of different devices. Any transaction is published here and can be accessed by anyone. This makes it more difficult to carry out malicious transactions with cryptocurrency.

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs)

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs)

A non-fungible token (NFT) is a data unit stored on a blockchain that certifies that a digital asset is unique and therefore not interchangeable. Non-fungible tokens use smart contracts to allow virtual transactions between collectibles such as art, music, and trading cards.


The process of verifying new transactions on a blockchain is known as mining. When someone donates computing power to a miner in order for them to solve an encryption problem, they are rewarded with crypto. The process of making new units of a digital currency is known as mining. Any time a block is mined, for example, the bitcoin network generates new bitcoins.

Private Key/ Public Key

Private Key/ Public Key

This is the crucial series of numbers and letters that you can never reveal to others. You could lose all of your money in a matter of seconds if someone gains access to your private key. While selling or withdrawing your cryptocurrency, you'll need this key to verify transactions.

Public Key

A public key is a collection of characters that can be used to buy cryptocurrency. This is the key that you give out to others in order to receive cryptocurrency.

Smart Contracts

The term "smart contract" has been more specifically applied to the notion of general-purpose computation that takes place on a blockchain or distributed ledger since the launch of the Ethereum blockchain in 2015.


A cryptocurrency wallet is where you keep your coins. To function effectively, your wallet must have seeds, keys, and addresses. Wallets come in a variety of forms, including hardware and software.



The term "altcoin" occurs frequently in the cryptocurrency world. Etherum is currently the most common altcoin, followed by Binance Coin, Cardano, and Dogecoin. So, the next time you hear the term "altcoin," remember that it simply refers to a cryptocurrency that is not Bitcoin.

Any other cryptocurrencies are referred to as Altcoins or alternative coins since Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency that provided developers with the foundation to create more cryptocurrencies.

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