Choosing the right mutual fund is a two-sided process. Choosing a mutual fund only on the basis of past performance might be a huge mistake. While the market is filled with top-rated funds in each category, your portfolio will be made up of carefully chosen assets based on a range of factors such as your short, intermediate, and long-term goals. Other than historical performance, here are other essential MF selection factors to consider while choosing the correct mutual fund.
The Expense Ratio is the fee or commission charged by the Asset Management Company (AMC) /Fund Manager for managing the fund. It is the Annual fund operating expenses. To maximize returns and control risks, the asset manager allocates, manages, and advertises the fund with the support of a team of analysts and other specialists.
The cost ratio might be significant if the fund's assets are tiny. Because the fund must cover its costs from a limited or reduced asset base, this is the case. Similarly, if the fund's net assets are large, the expense ratio should be cut as much as possible.
SEBI made substantial changes on September 18, 2018, by lowering the TER of mutual funds and modifying the process of paying commissions to distributors.
Investors want a stronger criterion than historical performance to assist them in making decisions. The sheer number of mutual fund plans offered in India may be bewildering to the typical investor. It's made worse by the fact that many of them have similar flavors. For the most part, combing through these entails examining the scheme's performance across certain time periods.
Investors should, in some cases even start making selections based on fund ratings from organizations such as CRISIL, Morningstar, and Value Research. These stars are also extensively included in fund firms' marketing campaigns to promote their highly rated funds. The Rating Agencies' ratings provide useful information on the performance of the funds.
Fund Portfolio Size
The size of a fund indicates its potential, which is why investors choose to invest in that fund above others. As a result, the fund's exposure grows, raising the total risk. The flagship mutual fund schemes with large assets under management are often managed by the best and most experienced fund managers. We can choose the correct Mutual Fund based on the size of the portfolio. A larger portfolio signifies a more reliable fund.
Category Average Returns
The way one performs in comparison to their peers is constantly used to evaluate one's performance. In the case of Mutual Funds, the same principle applies. A category average is the median of a set of numbers. The goal is to compare the scheme's performance to that of other schemes. It's reasonable to draw this analogy since when it comes to mutual funds, you always have an option of which program to invest in.
When looking at category averages, there are four aspects to keep in mind. It makes little difference if a fund is rated first, second, third, or fourth among dozens. What matters is its consistency on a rolling-return basis; that is, a set of return points spread out over a lengthy period of time.
It's a good idea to look at category averages, but only over a lengthy period of time and as a guideline, not as the primary criterion for determining if a fund is excellent or terrible.