US benchmark West Texas Intermediate for delivery in August was up 53 cents at $103.72 in late-morning trade and Brent crude for September advanced 65 cents to $108.54.
Speculation that flight MH17 with 298 people aboard was shot down by pro-Moscow separatist rebels in Ukraine has fuelled concerns of an escalation of the conflict as well as intensified US sanctions on Russia, CMC Markets in Singapore said.
"Oil prices rose as fears over intensified sanctions on Russia risked a tit-for-tat situation which may affect supplies from the (world's) second largest crude oil producer," it said in a commentary.
Ukraine is also a major conduit for Russian gas exports to Europe.
Ukraine's government and western leaders have accused Russia of supporting the separatist rebellion in the country's east, but Moscow has denied the allegations.
Investors are also keeping a wary eye on events in Gaza after Israel began a ground operation late Thursday.
"Geo-political risks took a grip on the financial markets... With (the) shooting down of the Malaysian Airlines passenger jet near the Ukraine-Russia border and Israel continuing its offensive in Gaza," United Overseas Bank said.
It said in a market commentary that oil prices spiked "on renewed concerns about threats to global supplies" as the Middle East is home to the world's major oil producing nations.
"Energy prices will soar, together with gold, safe haven currencies like the yen, and sovereign bonds like Treasuries and German bunds," added Phillip Futures.