Amid concerns of a global economic recession due to the coronavirus outbreak, foreign investors have pulled out an estimated $26 billion from developing Asian economies, which includes over $16 billion out of India, according to a latest Congressional report.
According to CRS, the pandemic crisis has been challenging governments to implement monetary and fiscal policies that support credit markets and sustain economic activity, while implementing policies to develop vaccines and safeguard their citizens.
In doing so, however, differences in policy approaches are straining relations between countries that promote nationalism and those that argue for a co-ordinated international response.
Differences in policies are also straining relations between developed and developing economies and between northern and southern members of the eurozone, challenging alliances, and raising questions about the future of global leadership, the report said.
While almost all major economies are shrinking as a result of coronavirus, only three countries China, India, and Indonesia are projected to experience small, but positive rates of economic growth in 2020, it said.
The IMF in its recent report argued that recovery of the global economy could be weaker than projected as a result of lingering uncertainty about possible contagion, lack of confidence, and permanent closure of businesses and shifts in the behaviour of firms and household, the CRS said.
Industry experts estimate that many airlines will be in bankruptcy by May 2020 under current conditions as a result of travel restrictions imposed by a growing number of countries.
The loss of Chinese tourists is another economic blow to countries in Asia and elsewhere that have benefitted from the growing market for Chinese tourists and the stimulus such tourism has provided, it said.
The CRS said the decline in industrial activity has reduced demand for energy products such as crude oil, causing prices to drop sharply, which negatively affects energy producers and electric vehicle manufacturers, but generally is positive for consumers and businesses.
Further, disruptions to industrial activity in China reportedly are causing delays in shipments of computers, cell phones, toys, and medical equipment.
The factory output in China, the United States, Japan, and South Korea all declined in the first months of 2020.
Reduced Chinese agricultural exports, including to Japan, are leading to shortages in some commodities. In addition, numerous auto producers are facing shortages in parts and other supplies that have been sourced in China, CRS said.