Long term investments offer you several advantages. The first is that they tend to compound interest as in the case of bank fixed deposits. The second is that they are more tax efficient, as is the case with certain mutual fund investments. Long term investments are those that are held for more than three years. These kind of investments need commitment despite the fact that you might face financial obstacles.
Most of the long term investments tend to give superior returns with the passage of time. When it comes to planning investment for your child it gets tougher as you need to consider various factors such as education, marriage, comfortable lifestyle.
Investment should be planned considering the financial goals and risk factors attached to the investment.
Long term investment works only when it is untouched. However, it does not mean that you should not keep a tap on your investment.
Before opting for long term investment one should always set aside certain amount as an Emergency Fund. While we had initially only suggested 6 best long term investments in India, we added a sixth slide for bank deposits. Here we have added to more, making it 8 best investments for the long term in India for 2017 and beyond.
Gold is an excellent long term investment for 2017. Just imagine, it has tripled in value in the last 10 years. Very few investments give those kind of returns. In fact, the precious metal gave returns of 9 per cent in dollar terms in 2016 and is likely to do a lot more better in the coming years. The world at the moment is very worried at policy uncertainty in places like the US. This could push investors to safe haven investment like gold. At around Rs 28,000 per 10 grams for 22 karats it may still not be a bad bet.
Invest in PPF and EPF
The Public Provident Fund is one of the most popular long term investments in India. The reasons for the same are several. One is that with interest rate of 7.8 per cent, it remains the best bet.
It is among the few investments that not only offer you tax benefits under Sec 80C of the Income Tax Act, but also the interest income is exempted from tax. The other advantage is that it helps to build a long term investment corpus for retirement. Not a bad bet at all from an interest and tax perspective. However, the only flaw is that there is a lock-in period, which could be a big hindrance.
Invest in Stocks
Stocks tend to give better return over the long term. However, there is no guarantee that you would come back with returns. One can opt as a part of the portfolio and percentage of allocation should be based on the risk capacity. Timing the market may remain crucial here, given that the index currently is trading at a record 31,000 points. So, you need to tread very carefully as you invest. Most of the parameters suggest that valuations of stocks are very high at the moment. So, though equities are a good long term bet, they may or may not churn returns depending on the shares that you buy.
Invest in Mutual Funds
Investing in Mutual Funds are for those who want to invest in equities and bonds balancing the risk and return. There are various types of funds in which you can invest depending on the risk capacity.
One can also opt for Systematic Investment Plan which enables you to build a portfolio over a longer time horizon with small investments at regular intervals reducing the risk of market volatility. This is almost similar to stocks in the sense there is an element of risk, if you buy into equity mutual fund. Go for these if you have sound advise.
Invest in Real Estate
Investment in real estate is an ideal investment option for those who have huge cash as the returns from previous investment are encouraging. However, the real estate market lately has been giving very dismal returns and we do not expect the trend to change. The de-monetization impact has played a part and superlative returns cannot be expected because there is plenty of supply at the moment, especially in cities like Bangalore and Hyderabad. Buy into real estate only if you are a long term investor.
Invest in Bonds
One can lock in money if they feel investing in stock market is very risky and they expect the market to see a downfall. Government 10 Year Bond which is currently giving an interest rate currently it is 7.70 per cent.
One can also opt for Inflation Indexed bonds as the government sets the interest rates on bonds based on the inflation. However, bond prices tend to rise when interest rates fall and vice versa.
Bank Fixed Deposits
Fixed deposits are the last of our options, simply because interest rates have fallen dramatically in the last few years.
These deposits, unlike PPF are not very tax efficient. Hence, they may not be the best long term investment in India, but are relatively safe. While interest rates have fallen you can still get decent interest rates of around 7 per cent in some of the scheduled banks and select private banks.
Another great long term investment bet would be company FDs. For example, PNB Housing Finance offers you a yield of more than 10 per cent on a 10 year deposit. This is not bad at all. The company is backed by the government owned Punjab National Bank and hence the deposits are very safe. You can go for these king of deposits for a longer duration. Among the great long term investment bets in India for 2017.Thus, in order to garner high return from your long-tern investment you need to factor in parameters such as time frame of your investment, diversification and risk- bearing capacity in order to lower down the associated risk.
Past track record over last few years though does not guarantee your investment returns from the financial instrument should also be checked. Also, to avoid any major value depreciation of your investment, it is suggested that you diversify your portfolio and not concentrate on one investment type. And at best bet only on the investment product for a longer horizon with which you are comfortable.