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Where Should You Invest, ETF Or Index Fund?


It often happens, an investor, most probably the first investor comes to a point when they are confused between making an investment choice. The same confusion goes with ETF and Index Funds. You wonder, which is good and get even confused. The truth is that they have more similarities than differences, but there are a few factors to consider.


ETF and Index Funds

ETF and Index Funds

ETFs and index funds are both passive investments that replicate an underlying index. Exchange-traded funds and index funds are excellent choices for both novice and experienced investors, but there are a few distinctions to be aware of before you begin investing. We weigh the benefits and drawbacks of each to assist you in making the best decision.

While making the investment decision between ETF and Index Funds, having a clear answer would be a good situation, but it's unlikely to be possible as every fund is different in some way from each other despite having similarities. Explore the ETF selection parameters when there are a lot of choices of ETFs.

The Selection Parameters

The Selection Parameters

Do consider these below-mentioned points of difference and check whether these go with your investment portfolio conditions.


ETFs are equity exchange-traded funds that trade in real-time. As a result, their prices are available throughout the trading day and, like stock prices, fluctuate. Index funds, on the other hand, are similar to regular funds in that the price is disclosed just once each day. Due to a mismatch in demand and supply, ETFs may trade at a premium or discount to their NAV. That is not the case with index funds, where you may be confident of receiving units only at the NAV.

Cost of owning them

In terms of expense ratios, both ETFs and index funds may be relatively inexpensive to hold. However, trading commissions must be considered. If the broker does charge a commission for trades, you'll pay a fixed cost every time you buy or sell an ETF, which might reduce your returns if you trade frequently. However, some index funds have transaction fees when you purchase or sell them, so evaluate expenses before deciding on one.

Minimum investment required

It's one of the most considered parameters when it comes to investing. Both ETF and Index Funds come with these requirements. However, in many circumstances, ETFs have lower minimum capital investment requirements than index funds. Most of the time, all that is required to invest in an ETF is the amount required to purchase a single share. However, for index funds, brokers frequently impose minimums that are far greater than the average share price. There are, however, internet brokers who do not need a minimum initial commitment.


The liquidity of ETFs is a crucial factor to consider when investing in them since it impacts how easily you can purchase and sell ETF units. authorized participants establish or extinguish ETF units on a stock exchange based on the demand for an ETF. An ETF with a higher demand is more liquid. Furthermore, the liquidity of ETFs is affected by the underlying index. In the case of index funds or any other ordinary mutual fund, the AMC allows units to investors regardless of demand. In the event of redemption, it is AMC's responsibility to repay your investment amount.

Demat account requirement

One issue that must be considered is the Demat account while making a selection. It is worth noting that investing in ETFs necessitates the establishment of a Demat and trading account, whereas index funds need not. The maintenance fee associated with these accounts may be an extra expenditure for investors who do not currently have them. Investors who do not want to create a Demat account can put their money into a fund of funds (FoF), which then invests in the selected ETF. Regardless of whether the underlying fund is an ETF or not, these funds share the features of normal mutual funds.



Investments are subject to market risk. Read all documents and scheme-related conditions carefully before investing. The above-mentioned information is purely informational. The Greynium Information Technologies and the author are not liable for any losses caused as a result of a decision based on the article.

Read more about: etf index fund mutual fund investing
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