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Accounting Policies of Divi's Laboratories Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1. Background:

1.1 Divi''s Laboratories Limited (Divi''s), (the ''company'') is a company limited by shares, incorporated and domiciled in India. The company is engaged in the manufacture of Active Pharmaceutical ingredients (API''s) and Intermediates with predominance of exports. Divi''s, through its Custom synthesis business, supports innovator pharma companies for their patented products business from gram scale requirements for clinical trials to launch as well as late life cycle management.

1.2 The Financial statements are approved for issue by the Company''s Board of Directors on May 26, 2017.

2. Significant Accounting Policies

This note provides a list of the significant accounting policies adopted in the preparation of these financial statements. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated.

2.1 Basis of Preparation:

(i) Compliance with Ind AS

The financial statements comply in all material aspects with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act), Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and other relevant provisions of the Act.

The financial statements up to the year ended 31 March 2016 were prepared in accordance with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Act.

These financial statements are the first financial statements of the Company under Ind AS. Refer note 46 for an explanation on how the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS has affected the Company''s financial position, financial performance and cash flows. Financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lakh.

(ii) Historical cost convention

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for the following:

o Certain financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value; (refer accounting policy regarding financial instruments)

o Defined benefit plans - plan assets measured at fair value

(iii) Current and non-current classification

An asset is classified as current if:

(i) It is expected to be realized or sold or consumed in the Company''s normal operating cycle;

(ii) It is held primarily for the purpose of trading;

(iii) It is expected to be realized within twelve months after the reporting period; or

(iv) It is cash or a cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period.

All other assets are classified as non-current.

A liability is classified as current if:

(i) It is expected to be settled in normal operating cycle;

(ii) It is held primarily for the purpose of trading;

(iii) It is expected to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period;

(iv) It has no unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period.

All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

The operating cycle is the time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents. Based on the nature of products and time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/ non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

2.2 Segment Reporting:

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the Chief Operating Decision Maker. The Chairman and Managing Director has been identified as being the Chief Operating Decision Maker. Refer Note 40 for the segment information presented.

2.3 Foreign currency translation:

(i) Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements of the Company are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (''the functional currency''). The financial statements are presented in Indian rupee (H), which is Divi''s functional and presentation currency.

(ii) Transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates at the dates of the transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at year end exchange rates are generally recognized in statement of profit and loss.

Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency, using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items that are measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value was determined. Translation differences on assets and liabilities carried at fair value are reported as part of the fair value gain or loss. For example, translation differences on non- monetary assets and liabilities such as equity instruments held at fair value through profit or loss are recognized in statement of profit and loss as part of the fair value gain or loss and translation differences on non-monetary assets such as equity investments classified as Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) are recognized in other comprehensive income.

2.4 Revenue recognition:

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Amounts disclosed as revenue are inclusive of excise duty and net of returns, trade allowances, rebates, value added taxes and amounts collected on behalf of third parties.

(i) Revenue from Sale of Goods:

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer, revenue can be measured reliably, the costs incurred can be measured reliably, it is probable that the economic benefits associated to the transaction will flow to the entity and there is no continuing management involvement with the goods. Transfer of risks and rewards vary depending on the individual terms of contract of sale. Revenue from sale of goods is stated inclusive of excise duty and net of returns, trade allowances, rebates, sales tax and amounts collected on behalf of third parties.

(ii) Revenue from Sale of Services:

Revenue from Sale of services is recognized as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

(iii) Dividend Income:

Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established, which is generally when shareholders approve the dividend.

(iii) Interest Income:

For all financial instruments measured at amortized cost, interest income is recognized using the effective interest rate (EIR), which is the rate that exactly discounts the estimated future cash payments or receipts through the expected life of the financial instrument or a shorter period, where appropriate, to the net carrying amount of the financial asset. Interest income is included in Other Income in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.5 Income Taxes:

The income tax expense or credit for the period is the tax payable on the current period''s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate for each jurisdiction adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences and to unused tax losses.

The current income tax charge is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the end of the reporting period. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

Deferred income tax is provided in full, using the liability method, on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. Deferred income tax is determined using tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realized or the deferred income tax liability is settled.

Deferred tax assets are recognized for all deductible temporary differences and unused tax losses only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilize those temporary differences and losses.

Deferred tax liabilities are not recognized for temporary differences between the carrying amount and tax bases of investments in subsidiaries where the Company is able to control the timing of the reversal of the temporary differences and it is probable that the differences will not reverse in the foreseeable future.

Deferred tax assets are not recognized for temporary differences between the carrying amount and tax bases of investments in subsidiaries where it is not probable that the differences will reverse in the foreseeable future and taxable profit will not be available against which the temporary difference can be utilized.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities and when the deferred tax balances relate to the same taxation authority. Current tax assets and tax liabilities are offset where the entity has a legally enforceable right to offset and intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

Current and deferred tax is recognized in profit or loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

For operations carried out in Special Economic Zones which are entitled to tax holiday under the Income tax Act, 1961 no deferred tax is recognized in respect of timing differences which reverse during the tax holiday period, to the extent company''s gross total income is subject to the deduction during the tax holiday period. Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which reverse after the tax holiday period is recognized in the year in which timing differences originate.

Deferred Tax Assets include Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws in India, which is likely to give future economic benefits in the form of availability of set off against future income tax liability. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as deferred tax asset in the Balance sheet when the asset can be measured reliably and it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with the asset will be realized.

2.6 Impairment:

Assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the asset''s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets (cash-generating units). Non-financial assets other than goodwill that suffered an impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at the end of each reporting period.

2.7 Cash and cash equivalents:

For the purpose of presentation in the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, deposits held at call with financial institutions, other short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value, and bank overdrafts. Bank overdrafts are shown within borrowings in current liabilities in the balance sheet.

2.8 Trade receivables:

Trade receivables are recognized initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method, less provision for impairment.

2.9 Inventories:

Raw materials and stores, work-in-progress, traded and finished goods are stated at the lower of cost, calculated on weighted average basis, and net realizable value. Cost of raw materials and stores comprise of cost of purchase. Cost of work-in-progress and finished goods comprises direct materials, direct labour and an appropriate proportion of variable and fixed overhead expenditure, the latter being allocated on the basis of normal operating capacity. Cost of inventories also include all other cost incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Costs of purchased inventory are determined after deducting rebates and discounts. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale. Items held for use in the production of inventory are not written below cost if the finished product in which these will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

2.10 Investments and other financial assets:

(i) Classification:

The Company classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:

o Those to be measured subsequently at fair value (either through other comprehensive income, or through profit or loss), and

o Those measured at amortized cost.

The classification depends on the entity''s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flows.

For assets measured at fair value, gains and losses will either be recorded in profit or loss or other comprehensive income. For investments in debt instruments, this will depend on

the business model in which the investment is held. For investments in equity instruments, this will depend on whether the Company has made an irrevocable election at the time of initial recognition to account for the equity investment at fair value through other comprehensive income. The Company reclassifies debt investments when and only when its business model for managing those assets changes.

(ii) Measurement

At initial recognition, the Company measures a financial asset at its fair value plus, in the case of a financial asset not at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in profit or loss.

Debt instruments

Subsequent measurement of debt instruments depends on the Company''s business model for managing the asset and the cash flow characteristics of the asset. There are three measurement categories into which the Company classifies its debt instruments:

Amortized cost: Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortized cost. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at amortized cost and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognized in profit or loss when the asset is derecognized or impaired. Interest income from these financial assets is included in Other income using the effective interest rate method.

Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI): Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows and for selling the financial assets, where the assets'' cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest, are measured at FVOCI. Movements in the carrying amount are taken through OCI, except for the recognition of impairment gains or losses, interest revenue and foreign exchange gains and losses which are recognized in profit and loss. When the financial asset is derecognized , the cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in OCI is reclassified from equity to profit or loss and recognized in other gains/(losses). Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income using the effective interest rate method.

Fair value through profit or loss: Assets that do not meet the criteria for amortized cost or FVOCI are measured at fair value through profit or loss. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at fair value through profit or loss and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognized in profit or loss and presented net in the statement of profit and loss within other gains/(losses) in the period in which it arises. Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income.

Equity instruments

The Company subsequently measures all equity investments at fair value. Where the Company''s management has elected to present fair value gains and losses on equity investments in other comprehensive income, there is no subsequent reclassification of fair value gains and losses to profit or loss. Dividends from such investments are recognized in profit or loss as other income when the Company''s right to receive payments is established.

Changes in the fair value of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss are recognized in other income in the statement of profit and loss. Impairment losses (and reversal of impairment losses) on equity investments measured at fair value are not reported separately from other changes in fair value.

(iii) Impairment of financial assets

The Company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its assets carried at amortized cost and FVOCI debt instruments. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk. Note 38 details how the Company determines whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.

For trade receivables only, the Company applies the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognized from initial recognition of the receivables.

(iv) Derecognition of financial assets

A financial asset is derecognized only when

- The Company has transferred the rights to receive cash flow from the financial asset or

- retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial assets, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay cash flows to one or more recipients.

Where the entity has transferred an asset, the Company evaluates whether it has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset. In such cases,

the financial asset is derecognized. Where the entity has not transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset is not derecognized.

Where the entity has neither transferred a financial asset nor retains substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is derecognized if the Company has not retained control of the financial asset. Where the Company retains control of the financial asset, the asset is continued to be recognized to the extent of continuing involvement in the financial asset.

2.11 Offsetting financial instruments:

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the balance sheet where there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. The legally enforceable right must not be contingent on future events and must be enforceable in the normal course of business and in the event of default, insolvency or bankruptcy of the Company or the counterparty.

2.12 Property, Plant & Equipment:

Freehold land is carried at historical cost. All other items of property, plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less depreciation. Historical cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset''s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of any component accounted for as separate asset is derecognized when replaced. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to profit or loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

Capital work-in-progress includes cost of property, plant and equipment under installation/under development as at the balance sheet date.

(i) Transition to Ind AS

On transition to Ind AS, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all its property, plant and equipment recognized as at 1st April 2015 measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of the property, plant and equipment.

(ii) Depreciation methods, estimated useful lives and residual value

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight-line basis at the rates arrived at based on the useful lives prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. The company follows the policy of charging depreciation on pro-rata basis on the assets acquired or disposed off during the year.

The residual values are not more than 5% of the original cost of the asset. The assets'' residual values and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at the end of each reporting period. An asset''s carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset''s carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount.

Gains and losses on disposal are determined by comparing proceeds with carrying amount. These are included in profit or loss within other income.

2.13 Intangible Assets:

(i) Computer software

Costs associated with maintaining software programmes are recognized as an expense as incurred. Development costs that are directly attributable to the design and testing of identifiable and unique software products controlled by the Company are recognized as intangible assets when the following criteria are met:

o it is technically feasible to complete the software so that it will be available for use o management intends to complete the software and use or sell it

o there is an ability to use or sell the software o it can be demonstrated how the software will generate probable future economic benefits o adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the development and to use or sell the software are available and; o the expenditure attributable to the software during its development can be reliably measured

(ii) Amortization methods and periods

The Company amortizes intangible assets over a period of 3 years based on their estimated useful lives.

(iii) Transition to Ind AS

On transition to Ind AS, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of intangible assets recognized as at 1st April 2015 measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of intangible assets.

2.14 Trade and Other Payables:

These amounts represent liabilities for goods and services provided to the company prior to the end of financial year which are unpaid. Trade and other payables are presented as current liabilities unless payment is not due within 12 months after the reporting period. They are recognized initially at their fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

2.15 Borrowings:

Borrowings are initially recognized at fair value, net of transaction cost incurred. Borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption amount is recognized in profit or loss over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method. Fees paid on the establishment of loan facilities are recognized as transaction costs of the loan to the extent that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down. In this case, the fee is deferred until the draw down occurs. To the extent there is no evidence that it is probable that some or all the facility will be drawn down, the fee is capitalized as a prepayment for liquidity services and amortized over the period of the facility to which it relates.

Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the Company has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period. Where there is a breach of a material provision of a long-term loan arrangement on or before the end of the reporting period with the effect that the liability becomes payable on demand on the reporting date, the entity does not classify the liability as current, if the lender agreed, after the reporting period and before the approval of financial statements for issue, not to demand payment as consequence of the breach.

2.16 Borrowing Cost:

General and specific borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized during the period of time that is required to complete and prepare the asset for its intended use or sale. Qualifying assets are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale.

Investment income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing cost eligible for capitalization. Other borrowings costs are expensed in the period in which they are incurred.

2.17 Provisions:

Provisions are measured at the present value of management''s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period. The discount rate used to determine the present value is a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability. The increase in the provisions due to the passage of time is recognized as interest expense. Provision for litigation related obligation represents liabilities that are expected to materialize in respect of matters in appeal.

2.18 Employee benefits:

(i) Short-term obligations

Liabilities for wages and salaries, bonus, ex-gratia etc. that are expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized in respect of employees'' services up to the end of the reporting period and are measured at the amounts expected to be paid when the liabilities are settled. The liabilities are presented as current employee benefit obligations in the balance sheet.

(ii) Other long-term employee benefit obligations

The liabilities for earned leave are not expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. They are therefore measured as the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employees up to the end of the reporting period using the projected unit credit method. The benefit are discounted using the market yields at the end of the reporting period that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligations. Remeasurements as a result of the experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in profit or loss.

The obligations are presented as current liabilities in the balance sheet if the entity does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for at least twelve months after the reporting period, regardless of when the actual settlement is expected to occur

(iii) Post-employment obligations

The Company operates the following post-employment schemes:

(a) Defined benefit plans such as gratuity and;

(b) Defined contribution plans such as provident fund.

(a) Defined benefit plans-Gratuity obligations

The liability or assets recognized in the balance sheet in respect of defined benefit gratuity plans is the present value of the defined benefit obligations at the end of the reporting period less the fair value of plan assets. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

The present value of the defined benefit obligation denominated in INR is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on government bonds that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation. The benefits which are denominated in currency other than INR, the cash flows are discounted using market yields determined by reference to high-quality corporate bonds that are denominated in the currency in which the benefits will be paid, and that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation.

The net interest cost is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net balance of the defined benefit obligation and the fair value of plan assets. This cost is included in employee benefit expense in the statement of profit and loss.

Remeasurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and change in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the period in which they occur, directly in other comprehensive income. They are included in retained earnings in the statement of changes in equity and in the balance sheet.

Changes in the present value of the defined benefit obligation resulting from plan amendments or curtailments are recognized immediately in profit or loss as past service cost.

(b) Defined contribution plans

The Company pays provident fund contributions to publicly administered funds as per local regulations. The Company has no further payment obligations once the contributions have been paid. The contributions are accounted for as defined contribution plans and the

contributions are recognized as employee benefit expense when they are due.

2.19 Dividends:

Provision is made for the amount of any dividend declared, being appropriately authorized and no longer at the discretion of the entity, on or before the end of the reporting period but not distributed at the end of the reporting period. Proposed dividend is recognized as a liability in the period in which it is declared by the Company, usually when approved by shareholders in a general meeting or paid.

2.20 Contribution to equity:

Equity shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares or options are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax, from the proceeds.

2.21 Earnings per share:

(i) Basic earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing:

o The profit attributable to owners of the Company

o By the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the financial year, adjusted for bonus elements in equity shares issued during the year.

(ii) Diluted earnings per share

Diluted earnings per share adjusts the figures used in the determination of basic earnings per share to take into account:

o The after ''income-tax'' effect of interest and other financing costs associated with dilutive potential equity shares, and

o The weighted average number of additional equity shares that would have been outstanding assuming the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2.22 Excise duty:

Excise duty collected on sales is included in Gross Sales. Excise duity paid/payable on sales is shown as an item of expense. Value of closing stock of finished goods include excise duty paid/payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

2.23 Leases:

At the inception of a lease, the lease arrangements is classified as either a finance lease or an operating lease, based on the substance of the lease arrangement.

As a Lessee:

Leases of property, plant and equipment where the Company, as lessee, has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalized at the lease''s inception at the fair value of the leased property or, if lower, the present value of minimum lease payments. The corresponding rental obligations, net of finance charges, are included in borrowing or other financial liabilities as appropriate. Each lease payment is allocated between the liability and finance cost. The finance cost is charged to profit or loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period.

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the Company as lessee are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from less or) are charged to profit or loss on straight-line basis over the period of the lease unless the payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the less or’s expected inflationary cost increases.

As a Less or:

Lease income from operating leases where the Company is a less or is recognized in other income on straight-line basis over the lease term unless the receipts are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the expected inflationary cost increases. The respective leased assets are included in the balance sheet based on their nature.

Deposits provided to Lesser:

The Company is generally required to pay refundable security deposits in order to obtain property leases from various lessors. Such security deposits are financial assets and are recorded at fair value on initial recognition. The difference between the initial fair value and the refundable amount of deposit is recognized as lease prepayments. The initial fair value is estimated as the present value of the refundable amount of security deposit, discounted using the market interest rates for similar instruments.

Subsequent to initial recognition, the security deposit is measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method with carrying amount increased over the lease period up to the refundable amount. The amount of increase in the carrying amount of deposit is recognized as interest income. The lease repayment is amortized on straight-line basis over the lease term as lease rentals expense.

2.24 Research and Development:

Revenue expenditure on research and development is expensed in the period in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure on research and development is shown as addition to fixed assets.

2.25 Contingent Liability & Commitments:

Contingent liability is disclosed in the case of:

o a present obligation arising from past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation; o a present obligation arising from past events, when no reliable estimate possible; o a possible obligation arising from past events, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote.

Commitments include the amount of purchase order (net of advances) issued to parties for completion of assets.

2.26 Critical estimates and Judgments:

The preparation of financial statements requires the use of accounting estimates which, by definition, will seldom equal the actual results. Management also needs to exercise judgment in applying the Company''s accounting policies.

This note provides an overview of the areas that involved a higher degree of judgment or complexity, and of items which are more likely to be materially adjusted due to estimates and assumptions turning out to be different than those originally assessed. Detailed information about each of these estimates and judgments is included in relevant notes together with information about the basis of calculation for each affected line item in the financial statements.

The areas involving critical estimates or judgments are:

(i) Estimation of current tax expense and payable

(ii) Estimation of defined benefit obligations

(iii) Allowance for uncollected accounts receivable and advances-Trade receivables do not carry any interest and are stated at their nominal value as reduced by appropriate allowances for estimated irrevocable amounts. Individual trade receivables are written off when management deems them not to be collectible. Impairment is made on the expected credit losses, which are the present value of the cash shortfall over the expected life of the financial assets.

Estimates and judgments are continually evaluated. They are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that may have a financial impact on the Company and that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.


Mar 31, 2015

Aggregate number of bonus shares issued during the period of five years immediately preceding the reporting date

On 2nd August 2009, the company issued 6,48,47,975 equity shares of Rs. 2/- each as fully paid bonus shares by capitalisation of general reserve and other free reserves.

Terms/rights attached to equity shares :

The company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs.2/- per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

During the year ended 31st March 2015, the amount of per share dividend recognised as distributions to equity shareholders is Rs. 20/- (31 st March 2014 : Rs. 20/-)

In the event of liquidation of the company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

A. BASIS OF PREPARATION :

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in compliance with all material aspects of the Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013("the Act"), read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, other relevant provisions of the Act, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and also the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lakh.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule III of the Act. Based on the nature of products and time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

B. USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

C. TANGIBLE ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION :

i. Tangible fixed assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation thereon and impairment losses, if any. Historical cost is inclusive of freight, duties and installation expenses and expenditure during construction where applicable and net of CENVAT and Value Added Tax credit availed against Tax or cess paid on such items.

ii. Depreciation is provided on straight line basis so as to write off the depreciable amount of the asset over the useful lives specified in Schedule II of the Act. The useful life of the assets are periodically reviewed and re-determined based on technical evaluation and expected use and the unamortized depreciable amount is charged over the remaining useful life of such assets.

iii. Depreciation on Fixed Assets used for the Project under construction is included under Expenditure during construction period Pending Capitalisation.

iv. Expenditure directly relating to construction activity is capitalised. Indirect expenditure is capitalised to the extent those relate to the construction activity or is incidental thereto. Income earned during the construction period is deducted from the total expenditure relating to construction activity.

D. INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND AMORTISATION :

Intangible assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated amortisation thereon and impairment losses, if any. These assets are amortised over a period of 3 years, which is based on their estimated useful lives.

E. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of amortised historical cost.

F. INVESTMENTS :

i. I nvestments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

ii. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on individual investment basis.

iii. Long-term investments are carried at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for decline, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

iv. On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

G. INVENTORIES :

Raw materials, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost, calculated on weighted average basis, and net realisable value. Items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished product in which these will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Finished goods and work-in-progress are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost includes materials, labour and a proportion of appropriate overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis

Trading goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, reduced by the estimated costs of completion and costs to effect the sale.

Obsolete, defective and unserviceable inventories are duly provided for.

H. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT :

Revenue Expenditure incurred for Research and Development is written off in the same year. Capital expenditure on Research and Development is shown as additions to Fixed Assets.

I. EXCISE DUTY :

Excise Duties recovered are included in "Gross Sales". Excise duty on sales is shown as an item of expense and deducted from Gross Sales. The value of closing stock of finished goods includes excise duty paid / payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

J. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

i. Initial Recognition: Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion: Foreign currency monetary items are reported at year-end rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

iii. Exchange difference: Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward exchange contracts not intended for trading purpose: In case of forward exchange contracts, difference between forward rate and the exchange rate on the date of transaction is recognised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

K. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

i. Short-Term Benefits :

Short Term Employee Benefits are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered.

ii. Long-Term Benefits :

a. The Contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, to the relevant funds administered and managed by the Central Government of India, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

b. Gratuity :

The Company makes contribution to a scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India ('LIC') to discharge gratuity liabilities to the employees. The shortfall between the accumulated funds available with LIC and liability as determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation is provided for at the year-end. The actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of profit and loss.

Leave Encashment : The Company records its un availed leave liability based on actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method.

c. Actuarial gains / losses arising during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

L. TAXES ON INCOME :

i. Tax expense is the aggregate of current year income tax, deferred income tax charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Current Year Income Tax :

The Provision for taxation is based on assessable profits of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also provides for such disallowances made on completion of assessment pending appeals, as considered appropriate depending on the merits of each case.

iii. Deferred Income Tax :

Deferred Income Taxes are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognised in income using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

In the situations where the company is entitled to tax holiday under the Income tax Act, 1961 no deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences which reverse during the tax holiday period, to the extent company's gross total income is subject to the deduction during the tax holiday period. Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which timing difference originate.

Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlieryears are reassessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonable certainty or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

iv. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit :

MAT credit is recognised, as an Asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year. In the year in which the Minimum Alternate tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendation contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

M. EXPORT BENEFITS :

Export benefits on account of duty drawback and export promotion schemes are accrued and accounted in the year of export, and are included in other operating revenue. Other benefits in the form of advance authorisation for imports are accounted for on purchase of imported materials.

N. REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. SALES:

Revenue from sales is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, sales tax and applicable trade discounts and allowances.

ii. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend on shares held by the company is recognised when the right of the company to receive the same is established.

iv. Service income is recognised as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

O. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing cost includes interest, ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of Fixed Assets which necessarily take a Substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, incurred till the time of commencement of commercial production or their intended use are capitalised. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

P. SEGMENT REPORTING :

Segments are identified in line with AS 17 "Segment Reporting", taking into consideration the internal organisation and management structure as well as the differential risk and returns of the segment.

a. Identification of reportable segments :

(i) Business Segments :

The company is engaged in manufacturing and sale of Active Pharma Ingredients and Intermediates which is considered the Primary reportable business segment.

(ii) Geographical Segments :

Revenue is segregated into two segments namely India (Sales to customers with in India) and other countries (Sales to customers outside India) on the basis of geographical location of customers for the purpose of reporting geographical segments.

b. In accordance with Accounting Standard 17 - Segment Reporting, segment information has been provided in the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company and therefore no separate disclosure on segment information is given in these standalone financial statements.

Q. LEASES :

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

R. PROPOSED / INTERIM DIVIDEND :

Dividends, if any, as recommended by the directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

S. EARNINGS PER SHARE :

i. The basic earnings per share (EPS) is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

ii. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

T. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :

Provisions, involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement, are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the explanatory information to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

U. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS :

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand, demand deposits with banks and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2014

A. BASIS OF PREPARATION :

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis to comply in all material respects with the notified Accounting Standards by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006(as amended), other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and also the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lakh.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non- current classification of assets and liabilities.

B. USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

C. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION :

i. Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition including freight, duties and installation expenses and expenditure during construction where applicable and net of CENVAT and Value Added Tax credit availed against Ta x or cess paid on such items.

ii. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided under Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

iii. Depreciation is provided at one hundred per cent for assets costing less than Rs.5,000/- iv. Depreciation on Fixed Assets used for the Project under construction is included under Expenditure during construction period Pending Capitalisation.

v. Expenditure directly relating to construction activity is capitalised. Indirect expenditure is capitalised to the extent those relate to the construction activity or is incidental thereto. Income earned during the construction period is deducted from the total expenditure relating to construction activity.

D. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of amortised historical cost.

E. INVESTMENTS :

i. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

ii. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on individual investment basis.

iii. Long-term investments are carried at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for decline, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

iv. On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

F. INVENTORIES :

Raw materials, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost, calculated on weighted average basis, and net realisable value. Items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished product in which these will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Finished goods and work-in-progress are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost includes materials, labour and a proportion of appropriate overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

Trading goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, reduced by the estimated costs of completion and costs to effect the sale.

Obsolete, defective and unserviceable inventories are duly provided for.

G. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT :

Revenue Expenditure incurred for Research and Development is written off in the same year. Capital expenditure on Research and Development is shown as additions to Fixed Assets.

H. EXCISE DUTY :

Excise Duties recovered are included in "Gross Sales". Excise duty on sales is shown as an item of expense and deducted from Gross Sales. The value of closing stock of finished goods includes excise duty paid / payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

I. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

i. Initial Recognition: Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion: Foreign currency monetary items are reported at year-end rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

iii. Exchange difference: Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward exchange contracts not intended for trading purpose: In case of forward exchange contracts, difference between forward rate and the exchange rate on the date of transaction is recognised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

J. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

i. Short-Term Benefits :

Short Term Employee Benefits are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered.

ii. Long-Term Benefits :

a. The Contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, to the relevant funds administered and managed by the Central Government of India, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

b. Gratuity :

The Company makes contribution to a scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (''LIC'') to discharge gratuity liabilities to the employees. Annual contribution to the fund as determined by the LIC is expensed in the year of contribution. The shortfall between the accumulated funds available

with LIC and liability as determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation is provided for at the year- end. The actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of profit and loss.

Leave Encashment : The Company records its unavailed leave liability based on actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method.

c. Actuarial gains / losses arising during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

K. TAXES ON INCOME :

i. Tax expense is the aggregate of current year income tax, deferred income tax charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Current Year Income Ta x :

The Provision for taxation is based on assessable profits of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also provides for such disallowances made on completion of assessment pending appeals, as considered appropriate depending on the merits of each case.

iii. Deferred Income Ta x :

Deferred Income Taxes are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognised in income using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

In the situations where the company is entitled to tax holiday under the Income tax Act, 1961 no deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences which reverse during the tax holiday period, to the extent company''s gross total income is subject to the deduction during the tax holiday period. Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which timing difference originate.

Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlier years are reassessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes- down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonable certainty or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

iv. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit :

MAT credit is recognised, as an Asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendation contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

L. EXPORT BENEFITS :

Export benefits on account of duty drawback and export promotion schemes are accrued and accounted in the year of export, and are included in other operating revenue. Other benefits in the form of advance authorisation for imports are accounted for on purchase of imported materials.

M.REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. SALES :

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of products are transferred to the customers. Revenue from domestic sales is recognised on delivery of products to customers from the factories of the company. Revenue from export sales is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, sales tax and applicable trade discounts and allowances.

ii. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend on shares held by the company is recognised when the right of the company to receive the same is established.

iv. Service income is recognised as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

N. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing cost includes interest, ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of Fixed Assets which necessarily take a Substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, incurred till the time of commencement of commercial production or their intended use are capitalised. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

O. LEASES :

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

P. PROPOSED / INTERIM DIVIDEND :

Dividends, if any, as recommended by the directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

Q. EARNINGS PER SHARE :

i. The basic earnings per share (EPS) is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

ii. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

R. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :

Provisions, involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement, are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the explanatory information to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

S. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS :

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand, demand deposits with banks and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2013

A. BASIS OF PREPARATION :

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in all material respects with the notified Accounting Standards by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006(as amended), other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lakh.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

B. USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

C. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION :

i. Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition including freight, duties and installation expenses and expenditure during construction where applicable and net of CENVAT and Value Added Tax credit availed against Tax or cess paid on such items.

ii. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided under Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

iii. Depreciation is provided at one hundred per cent for assets costing less than Rs.5,000/-

iv. Depreciation on Fixed Assets used for the Project under construction is included under Expenditure during construction period Pending Capitalisation.

v. Expenditure directly relating to construction activity is capitalised. Indirect expenditure is capitalised to the extent those relate to the construction activity or is incidental thereto. Income earned during the construction period is deducted from the total expenditure relating to construction activity.

D. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of amortised historical cost.

E. INVESTMENTS :

i. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

ii. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on individual investment basis.

iii. Long-term investments are carried at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for decline, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

iv. On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

F. INVENTORIES :

Raw materials, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost, calculated on weighted average basis, and net realisable value. Items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished product in which these will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Finished goods and work-in-progress are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost includes materials, labour and a proportion of appropriate overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

Trading goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, reduced by the estimated costs of completion and costs to effect the sale.

G. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT :

Revenue Expenditure incurred for Research and Development is written off in the same year. Capital expenditure on Research and Development is shown as additions to Fixed Assets.

H. EXCISE DUTY :

Excise Duties recovered are included in "Gross Sales". Excise duty on sales is shown as an item of expense and deducted from Gross Sales. The value of closing stock of finished goods includes excise duty paid / payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

I. EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTION SCHEME :

In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India guidelines, the excess of the market price of the shares, at the date of grant of option under the employee stock option scheme, over the exercise price is treated as employee compensation and the same is amortised over the vesting period of the stock options.

J. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

i. Initial Recognition: Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion: Foreign currency monetary items are reported at year-end rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

iii. Exchange difference: Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward exchange contracts not intended for trading purpose: In case of forward exchange contracts, difference between forward rate and the exchange rate on the date of transaction is recognised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

K. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

i. Short-Term Benefits :

Short Term Employee Benefits, at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Long-Term Benefits :

a. The Contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, to the relevant funds administered and managed by the Central Government of India, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

b. Gratuity :

The Company makes contribution to a scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (''LIC'') to discharge gratuity liabilities to the employees. Annual contribution to the fund as determined by the LIC is expensed in the year of contribution. The shortfall between the accumulated funds available with LIC and liability as determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation is provided for at the year-end. The actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of profit and loss.

Leave Encashment : The Company records its un availed leave liability based on actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method

c. Actuarial gains / losses arising during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

L. TAXES ON INCOME :

i. Tax expense is the aggregate of current year income tax, deferred income tax charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Current Year Income Tax :

The Provision for taxation is based on assessable profits of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also provides for such disallowances made on completion of assessment pending appeals, as considered appropriate depending on the merits of each case.

iii. Deferred Income Tax :

Deferred Income Taxes are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognised in income using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits. In the situations where the company is entitled to tax holiday under the Income tax Act, 1961 no deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences which reverse during the tax holiday period, to the extent company''s gross total income is subject to the deduction during the tax holiday period. Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which timing difference originate. Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlier years are reassessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably Certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

iv. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit :

MAT credit is recognised, as an Asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendation contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

M. EXPORT BENEFITS :

Export benefits on account of duty drawback and export promotion schemes are accrued and accounted in the year of export, and are included in other operating revenue. Other benefits in the form of advance authorisation for imports are accounted for on purchase of imported materials.

N. REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. SALES :

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of products are transferred to the customers. Revenue from domestic sales is recognised on delivery of products to customers from the factories of the company. Revenue from export sales is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, sales tax and applicable trade discounts and allowances.

ii. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend on shares held by the company is recognised when the right of the company to receive the same is established.

iv. Service income is recognised as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

O. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing cost includes interest, ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of Fixed Assets which necessarily take a Substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, incurred till the time of commencement of commercial production or their intended use are capitalised. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

P. LEASES :

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

Q. PROPOSED / INTERIM DIVIDEND :

Dividends, if any, as recommended by the directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

R. EARNINGS PER SHARE :

i. The basic earnings per share (EPS) is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

ii. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

S. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :

Provisions, involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement, are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the explanatory information to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

T. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS :

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2012

A. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION :

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the Accounting Standards issued under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION :

i. Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition including freight, duties and installation expenses and expenditure during construction where applicable and net of CENVAT and Value Added Tax credit availed against Tax or cess paid on such items.

ii. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided under Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

iii. Depreciation is provided at one hundred per cent for assets costing less than Rs.5,000/-

iv. Depreciation on Fixed Assets used for the Project under construction is included under Unallocated Expenditure Pending Capitalisation.

v. Revenue Expenditure incurred during the construction period of the Project is shown under "Unallocated Expenditure Pending Capitalisation" till the commencement of the commercial production or their intended use and the same is being capitalised by allocating to relevant assets in the ratio of their direct costs.

C. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The carrying amounts of the assets are being tested on annual basis for impairment so as to determine the provision required for impairment loss if any or for reversal of the provision, if any, required on account of impairment loss recognised in previous periods.

D. INVESTMENTS :

i. Investments are classified into Current and Long-term investments.

ii. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.

iii. Long-term investments are valued at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for decline, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

iv. On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

E. INVENTORIES :

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. The Cost of inventories is being determined under weighted average cost method

F. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT :

Revenue Expenditure incurred for Research and Development is written off in the same year. Capital expenditure on Research and Development is shown as additions to Fixed Assets.

G. EXCISE DUTY :

Excise Duties recovered are included in "Gross Sales". Excise duty on despatches is shown as an item of expense and deducted from Gross Sales. The value of closing stock of finished goods includes excise duty paid / payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

H. EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTION SCHEME :

In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India guidelines, the excess of the market price of the shares, at the date of grant of option under the employee stock option scheme, over the exercise price is treated as employee compensation and the same is amortised over the vesting period of the stock options.

I. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

i. Transactions in Foreign Exchange, other than those covered by forward contracts are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date other than those covered by forward contracts are translated at the year end rates. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

iii. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

iv. Forward contracts are being entered into to mitigate the foreign currency risk of the underlying outstanding at the balance sheet date and also to hedge the foreign currency risk of firm commitments or highly probable forecast transactions.

In case of forward contracts not intended for trading or speculative purposes, the premium or discount on all such contracts is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward contracts is recognised as income or expense for the period. The exchange differences, consisting of the difference between (a) the foreign currency amount of the contract translated at the exchange rate at the reporting date or the settlement date where the transaction is settled during the reporting period and (b) the same foreign currency amount translated at the latter of the date of inception of the forward exchange contract and the last reporting date, are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

In case of other forward contracts, the gain or loss, computed considering the exchange difference between the forward rate available at the reporting date for the remaining maturity of the contract and the contracted forward rate, is recognised as income or expense in the statement of profit and loss.

J EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

i. Short-Term Benefits :

Short Term Employee Benefits, at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Long-Term Benefits :

a. The Contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, to the relevant funds administered and managed by the Central Government of India, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

b. Gratuity : The Company makes contribution to a scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India to discharge the gratuity liabilities to the employees. Annual Contribution to the fund as determined by the Life Insurance Corporation of India is expensed in that year of contribution.

Leave Encashment : The Company records its unavailed leave liability based on actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method

c. Actuarial gains / losses arising during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

K. TAXES ON INCOME :

i. Tax expense is the aggregate of current year income tax, deferred income tax charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Current Year Income Tax :

The Provision for taxation is based on assessable profits of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also provides for such disallowances made on completion of assessment pending appeals, as considered appropriate depending on the merits of each case.

iii. Deferred Income Tax :

Deferred Income Taxes are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

iv. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit :

MAT credit is recognised, as an Asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendation contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

L. EXPORT BENEFITS :

Advance Licences and Duty Entitlements against exports made by the company are accounted in the books on their utilization / disposal. However, the value of unutilised unconditional customs duty credit granted against Exports under Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme is being provided in the Books of Account.

M. REVENUE RECOGNITION :

i. SALES :

Domestic Sales :

Revenue from domestic sales is recognised on delivery of products to customers from the factories of the company.

Export Sales :

Revenue from export sales is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

ii. Dividend on shares held by the company is recognised when the right of the company to receive the same is established and interest on deposits is accounted on accrual basis.

iii. Service income is recognised as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

N. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognised as expense for the period.

O. LEASES :

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

P. PROPOSED / INTERIM DIVIDEND :

Dividends, if any, as recommended by the directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

Q. EARNINGS PER SHARE :

i. The basic earnings per share is calculated considering the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

ii. The diluted earnings per share is calculated considering the effects of potential equity shares on net profits after tax for the year and weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

R. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :

Provisions, involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement, are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

S. USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

T. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS :

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2011

A. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION :

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the Accounting Standards issued under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B.. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION :

i. Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition including freight, duties and installation expenses and expenditure during construction where applicable and net of CENVAT and Value Added Tax credit availed against Tax or cess paid on such items.

ii. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided under Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

iii. Depreciation is provided at one hundred per cent for assets costing less than Rs.5,000/-

iv. Depreciation on Fixed Assets used for the Project under construction is included under Unallocated Expenditure Pending Capitalisation.

V. Revenue Expenditure incurred during the construction period of the Project is shown under "Unallocated Expenditure Pending Capitalisation" till the commencement of the commercial production or their intended use and the same is being capitalised by allocating to relevant assets in the ratio of their direct costs.

C. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The carrying amount of the assets are being tested on annual basis for impairment so as to determine the provision required for impairment loss if any or for reversal of the provision, if any, required on account of impairment loss recognised in previous periods.

D. INVESTMENTS :

i. Investments are classified into Current and Long Term investments.

ii. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.

iii. Long-term investments are valued at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for decline, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

E. INVENTORIES :

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. The Cost of inventories is being determined under weighted average cost method

F. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT :

Revenue Expenditure incurred for Research and Development is written off in the same year. Capital expenditure on Research and Development is shown as additions to Fixed Assets.

G. EXCISE DUTY :

Excise Duties recovered are included in "Gross Sales". Excise duty on despatches is shown as an item of expense and deducted from Gross Sales. The value of closing stock of finished goods includes excise duty paid / payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

H. EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTION SCHEME :

In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India guidelines, the excess of the market price of the shares, at the date of grant of option under the employee stock option scheme, over the exercise price is treated as employee compensation and the same is amortised over the vesting period of the stock options.

I. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

i. Transactions in Foreign Exchange, other than those covered by forward contracts are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

ii. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date other than those covered by forward contracts are translated at the year end rates. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the profit and loss account.

iii. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

iv. Forward contracts are being entered into to mitigate the foreign currency risk of the underlying outstanding at the balance sheet date and also to hedge the foreign currency risk of firm commitments or highly probable forecast transactions.

In case of forward contracts not intended for trading or speculative purposes, the premium or discount on all such contracts is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward contracts is recognised as income or expense for the period. The exchange differences, consisting of the difference between (a) the foreign currency amount of the contract translated at the exchange rate at the reporting date or the settlement date where the transaction is settled during the reporting period and (b) the same foreign currency amount translated at the latter of the date of inception of the forward exchange contract and the last reporting date, are recognised in the profit and loss account in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

In case of other forward contracts, the gain or loss, computed considering the exchange difference between the forward rate available at the reporting date for the remaining maturity of the contract and the contracted forward rate, is recognised as income or expense in the statement of profit and loss.

J. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

i. Short-Term Benefits :

Short Term Employee Benefits, at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered, are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account.

ii. Long-Term Benefits :

a. The Contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, to the relevant funds administered and managed by the Central Government of India, are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account as and when incurred. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

b. Provision for Gratuity and Leave Encashment, which are defined benefit plans, is made on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date carried out by an independent actuary under Projected Unit Credit Method.

c. Actuarial gains / losses arises during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. iii. Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

K. TAXES ON INCOME :

i. Tax expense is the aggregate of current year income tax, deferred income tax charged or credited to the Profit and Loss account.

ii. Current Year Income Tax :

The Provision for taxation is based on assessable profits of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also provides for such disallowances made on completion of assessment pending appeals, as considered appropriate depending on the merits of each case.

iii. Deferred Income Tax :

Deferred Income Taxes are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

iv. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit :

MAT credit is recognised, as an Asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendation contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

L. EXPORT BENEFITS :

Advance Licences and Duty Entitlements against exports made by the company are accounted in the books on their utilization / disposal. However, the value of unutilised unconditional customs duty credit granted against Exports under Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme is being provided in the Books of Account.

M. REVENUE RECOGNITION :

i. SALES :

Domestic Sales :

Revenue from domestic sales is recognised on delivery of products to customers from the factories of the company.

Export Sales :

Revenue from export sales is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

ii Dividend on shares held by the company is recognised when the right of the company to receive the same is established and interest on deposits is accounted on accrual basis.

iii Service income is recognised as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

N. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognised as expense for the period.

O. LEASES :

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

P. PROPOSED / INTERIM DIVIDEND :

Dividends, if any, as recommended by the directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

Q. EARNINGS PER SHARE :

i. The basic earnings per share is calculated considering the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

ii The diluted earnings per share is calculated considering the effects of potential equity shares on net profits after tax for the year and weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

R. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :

Provisions, involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement, are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

S. USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.


Mar 31, 2010

A. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION :

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the Accounting Standards issued under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION:

i. Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition including freight, duties and installation expenses and expenditure during construction where applicable and net of CENVAT and Value Added Tax credit availed against Tax or cess paid on such items.

ii. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided under Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

iii.Depreciation is provided at one hundred per cent for assets costing less than Rs.5,000/- iv. Depreciation on Fixed Assets used for the Project under construction is included under Unallocated Expenditure Pending Capitalisation.

v. Revenue Expenditure incurred during the construction period of the Project is shown under “Unallocated Expenditure Pending Capitalisation” till the commencement of the commercial production or their intended use and the same is being capitalised by allocating to relevant assets in the ratio of their direct costs.

C. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The carrying amount of the assets are being tested on annual basis for impairment so as to determine the provision required for impairment loss if any or for reversal of the provision, if any, required on account of impairment loss recognised in previous periods.

D. INVESTMENTS :

i. Investments are classified into Current and Long Term investments.

ii. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.

iii.Long-term investments are valued at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for decline, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

E. INVENTORIES :

(i) Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. The Cost of inventories is being determined under weighted average cost method

(ii)Stationery, uniforms and canteen expenses are charged off to the revenue at the time of purchase.

F. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT :

Revenue Expenditure incurred for Research and Development is written off in the same year. Capital expenditure on Research and Development is shown as additions to Fixed Assets.

G. EXCISE DUTY :

Excise Duties recovered are included in “Gross Sales”. Excise duty on despatches is shown as an item of expense and deducted from Gross Sales. The value of closing stock of finished goods includes excise duty paid / payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

H. EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTION SCHEME :

In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India guidelines, the excess of the market price of the shares, at the date of grant of option under the employee stock option scheme, over the exercise price is treated as employee compensation and the same is amortised over the vesting period of the stock options.

I. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

i Transactions in Foreign Exchange, other than those covered by forward contracts are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

ii Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date other than those covered by forward contracts are translated at the year end rates. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the profit and loss account.

iii Non-monetary assets and liabilities are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

iv Forward contracts are being entered into to mitigate the foreign currency risk of the underlying outstanding at the balance sheet date and also to hedge the foreign currency risk of firm commitments or highly probable forecast transactions.

In case of forward contracts not intended for trading or speculative purposes, the premium or discount on all such contracts is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward contracts is recognised as income or expense for the period. The exchange differences, consisting of the difference between (a) the foreign currency amount of the contract translated at the exchange rate at the reporting date or the settlement date where the transaction is settled during the reporting period and (b) the same foreign currency amount translated at the latter of the date of inception of the forward exchange contract and the last reporting date, are recognised in the profit and loss account in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

In case of other forward contracts, the gain or loss, computed considering the exchange difference between the forward rate available at the reporting date for the remaining maturity of the contract and the contracted forward rate, is recognised as income or expense in the statement of profit and loss.

J. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

i. Short-Term Benefits :

Short Term Employee Benefits, at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered, are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account.

ii Long-Term Benefits:

a. The Contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, to the relevant funds administered and managed by the Central Government of India, are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account as and when incurred. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

b.Provision for Gratuity and Leave Encashment, which are defined benefit plans, is made on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date carried out by an independent actuary under Projected Unit Credit Method.

c. Actuarial gains / losses arises during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

iii Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

K. TAXES ON INCOME :

i. Tax expense is the aggregate of current year income tax and deferred income tax charged or credited to the Profit and Loss account.

ii. Current Year Income Tax :

The Provision for taxation is based on assessable profits of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also provides for such disallowances made on completion of assessment pending appeals, as considered appropriate depending on the merits of each case.

iii. Deferred Income Tax :

Deferred Income Taxes are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

iv Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit :

MAT credit is recognised, as an Asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendation contained in Guidance

Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

L. EXPORT BENEFITS :

Advance Licences and Duty Entitlements against exports made by the company are accounted in the books on their utilization / disposal. However, the value of unutilised unconditional customs duty credit granted against Exports under Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme is being provided in the Books of Account.

M. REVENUE RECOGNITION :

i. SALES :

Domestic Sales :

Revenue from domestic sales is recognised on delivery of products to customers from the factories of the company.

Export Sales :

Revenue from export sales is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

ii Dividend on shares held by the company is recognised when the right of the company to receive the same is established and interest on deposits is accounted on accrual basis.

iii Service income is recognised as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

N. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognised as expense for the period.

O. LEASES :

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

P. PROPOSED / INTERIM DIVIDEND :

Dividends, if any, as recommended by the directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

Q. EARNINGS PER SHARE :

i. The basic earnings per share is calculated considering the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

ii The diluted earnings per share is calculated considering the effects of potential equity shares on net profits after tax for the year and weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

R. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :

Provisions, involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement, are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

S. USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

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