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Accounting Policies of Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

COMPANY OVERVIEW

Multi Commodity Exchange of India Limited (the "Company" or the "Exchange") is a deemed Stock Exchange recognised under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956. The Company is a demutualised Exchange and has permanent recognition from the Government of India to facilitate nationwide online trading, clearing and settlement operations of commodity derivatives.

The Company is a public limited company incorporated and domiciled in India and has its registered office at ''Exchange Square'', Suren Road, Chakala, Andheri (East), Mumbai 400093, India. Its shares are listed on the BSE Limited. Further, in pursuance of Regulation 3.1.1 of the National Stock Exchange (Capital Market) Trading Regulations Part A and other relevant provisions, National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) vide its Circular Ref No. 202 / 201 dated March 7, 2012 notified that with effect from March 09, 2012 the Company''s equity shares were permitted to be traded and admitted to dealings on NSE.

1. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, KEY ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES AND JUDGEMENTS 1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

These financial statements has been prepared in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standards (hereinafter referred to as the ''Ind AS'') as notified by Ministry of Corporate Affairs pursuant to Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (''Act'') read with of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 as amended and other relevant provisions of the Act.

For all previous periods including the year ended March 31, 2016, the Company had prepared its financial statements in accordance with the accounting standards notified under Section 133 of Companies Act, 2013 read together with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and other relevant provisions of the Act (hereinafter referred to as ''Previous GAAP'') used for its statutory reporting requirement in India. The Company has adopted Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) and the adoption was carried out in accordance with Ind AS 101 First time adoption of Indian Accounting Standards. The transition (date of transition being April 01, 2015) was carried out from Indian Accounting Principles generally accepted in India as prescribed under Section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (IGAAP), which was the previous GAAP. Figures of the financial year ended on March 31, 2016 have been restated as per Ind AS requirement of Ind AS 1 "Presentation of Financial Statement".

Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

These financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting except for certain financial assets and financial liabilities that are measured at fair values at the end of each reporting period, as stated in the accounting policies set out below. The accounting policies have been applied consistently over all the periods presented in these financial statements.

1.2 Significant Accounting Policies

A. Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at original cost, less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Costs directly attributable to acquisition are capitalized until the property, plant and equipment are ready for use, as intended by management. Property, plant and equipment (tangible) are depreciated / amortized over their useful lives as specified in "Part C" of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each financial year end.

Cost of assets not ready for intended use as on Balance Sheet date are disclosed under ''Capital work-in-progress''. Advances given towards acquisition of fixed assets outstanding at each Balance Sheet date are disclosed under ''Other Non-Current Assets''.

B. Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recognized only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Expenditure on an intangible item is expensed when incurred unless it forms part of the cost of intangible asset that meets the recognition criteria. Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment loss, if any. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, from the date that they are available for use. Amortization methods and useful lives are reviewed at each financial year end.

At each balance sheet date consideration is given to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amounts of the company''s intangible assets. If indication exists, an asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss Account whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

C. Impairment of non-financial assets

The company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired, if such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss is measured by the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds the estimated recoverable amount of the asset. Impairment losses are reversed in the Statement of Profit and Loss only to the extent that the asset''s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined if no impairment loss had previously been recognized.

D. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and short-term deposits in the balance sheet comprise cash at banks, cheque on hand, short-term deposits with a maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition, which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

E. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before exceptional items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

F. Operating Leases

Assets given / taken on lease in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the lessee are classified as operating leases. Lease payment / Income made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease unless the Payments / Receipts are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the Company''s expected inflationary cost increases.

G. Fair Value Measurement

The company measures financial instruments at fair value in accordance with accounting policies at each reporting date. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value measurement is based on the presumption that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either:

- In the principal market for the asset or liability, or

- In the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market for the asset or liability. The principal or the most advantageous market must be accessible by the company.

All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the financial statements are categorized within the fair value hierarchy, described as follows, based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole:

- Level 1 - Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

- Level 2 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable

- Level 3 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable

For assets and liabilities that are recognized in the balance sheet on a recurring basis, the company determines whether transfers have occurred between levels in the hierarchy by re-assessing categorization (based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole) at the end of each reporting period.

H. Financial Instruments

Financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.

(a) Financial Assets:

Initial recognition and measurement:

The company measures its financial assets at fair value. In this context, quoted investments are fair valued adopting the techniques defined in Level 1 of fair value hierarchy of Ind-AS 113 "Fair Value Measurement" and unquoted investments, where the observable input is not readily available, are fair valued adopting the techniques defined in Level 3 of fair value hierarchy of Ind-AS 113 and securing the valuation report from the certified valuer. However, trade receivables that do not contain a significant financing component are measured at transaction price.

Subsequent measurement:

For subsequent measurement, the Company classifies a financial asset in accordance with the below criteria:

i. The Company''s business model for managing the financial asset and

ii. The contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset.

Based on the above criteria, the Company classifies its financial assets into the following categories:

i. Financial assets measured at amortized cost

ii. Financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI)

iii. Financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL)

i. Financial assets measured at amortized cost:

A financial asset is measured at the amortized cost if both the following conditions are met:

(a) The Company''s business model objective for managing the financial asset is to hold financial assets in order to collect contractual cash flows, and

(b) The contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

This category applies to cash and bank balances, trade receivables, loans and other financial assets of the Company. Such financial assets are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method. Under the effective interest method, the future cash receipts are exactly discounted to the initial recognition value using the effective interest rate. The cumulative amortization using the effective interest method of the difference between the initial recognition amount and the maturity amount is added to the initial recognition value (net of principal repayments, if any) of the financial asset over the relevant period of the financial asset to arrive at the amortized cost at each reporting date. The corresponding effect of the amortization under effective interest method is recognized as interest income over the relevant period of the financial asset. The same is included under other income in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The amortized cost of a financial asset is also adjusted for loss allowance, if any.

ii. Financial assets measured at FVTOCI:

A financial asset is measured at FVTOCI if both of the following conditions are met:

(a) The Company''s business model objective for managing the financial asset is achieved both by collecting contractual cash flows and selling the financial assets, and

(b) The contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

This category applies to Investments in Equity and Convertible Warrants. Such financial assets are subsequently measured at fair value at each reporting date. Fair value changes are recognized in the Other Comprehensive Income (OCI). These equity instruments are neither held for trading nor are contingent consideration recognized under a business combination. Pursuant to such irrevocable election, subsequent changes in the fair value of such equity instruments are recognized in OCI. However, the Company recognizes dividend income from such instruments in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

On De-recognition of such financial assets, cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in OCI is not reclassified from the equity to Statement of Profit and Loss. However, the Company may transfer such cumulative gain or loss into retained earnings within equity.

iii. Financial assets measured at FVTPL:

A financial asset is measured at FVTPL unless it is measured at amortized cost or at FVTOCI as explained above. This is a residual category applied to all other investments of the Company. Such financial assets are subsequently measured at fair value at each reporting date. Fair value changes are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

De-recognition

Financial asset (or, where applicable, a part of a financial asset or part of a group of similar financial assets) is primarily derecognized (i.e. removed from the company''s balance sheet) when:

- The rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired, or

- The company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset or has assumed an obligation to pay the received cash flows in full without material delay to a third party under a ''pass-through'' arrangement and either;

(a) The company has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, or

(b) The company has neither transferred nor retained substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, but has transferred control of the asset.

When the company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from an asset or has entered into a pass-through arrangement, it evaluates if and to what extent it has retained the risks and rewards of ownership. When it has neither transferred nor retained substantially all of the risks and rewards of the asset, nor transferred control of the asset, the company continues to recognize the transferred asset to the extent of the company''s continuing involvement. In that case, the company also recognizes an associated liability. The transferred asset and the associated liability are measured on a basis that reflects the rights and obligations that the company has retained.

On De-recognition of a financial asset, (except as mentioned in (ii) above for financial assets measured at FVTOCI), the difference between the carrying amount and the consideration received is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Impairment of financial assets

The company assesses impairment based on expected credit losses (ECL) model to the following:

- Financial assets measured at amortized cost

- Financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI)

- Financial assets measure at fair value through profit and loss (FVTPL)

Expected credit losses are measured through a loss allowance at an amount equal to:

- The 12-months expected credit losses (expected credit losses that result from those default events on the financial instrument that are possible within 12 months after the reporting date); or

- Full lifetime expected credit losses (expected credit losses that result from all possible default events over the life of the financial instrument).

For recognition of impairment loss on other financial assets and risk exposure, the company determines that whether there has been a significant increase in the credit risk since initial recognition. If credit risk has not increased significantly, 12-months ECL is used to provide for impairment loss. However, if credit risk has increased significantly, lifetime ECL is used. If, in a subsequent period, credit quality of the instrument improves such that there is no longer a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition, then the company reverts to recognizing impairment loss allowance based on 12-months ECL.

For assessing increase in credit risk and impairment loss, the company combines financial instruments on the basis of shared credit risk characteristics with the objective of facilitating an analysis that is designed to enable significant increases in credit risk to be identified on a timely basis.

(b) Financial Liabilities:

Initial recognition and measurement

The Company recognizes a financial liability in its Balance Sheet when it becomes party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. Financial liabilities are initially measured at Fair value.

Subsequent measurement

All non-current financial liabilities of the Company are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method. Under the effective interest method, the future cash payments are exactly discounted to the initial recognition value using the effective interest rate. The cumulative amortization using the effective interest method of the difference between the initial recognition amount and the maturity amount is added to the initial recognition value (net of principal repayments, if any) of the financial liability over the relevant period of the financial liability to arrive at the amortized cost at each reporting date. The corresponding effect of the amortization under effective interest method is recognized as interest expense over the relevant period of the financial liability. The same is included under finance cost in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

De-recognition

A financial liability is derecognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the statement of profit or loss.

Offsetting of financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the balance sheet if there is a currently enforceable legal right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, to realize the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.

I. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized on accrual basis and when no significant uncertainty as to measurement and realisation exists.

(a) Volume based transaction fees are accrued when orders placed by members on the network are matched and confirmed.

(b) Admission Fees (non refundable) collected from new members for joining the Exchange are recognized once the membership is approved.

(c) Annual subscription fees from members are recognized on accrual basis.

(d) Revenue from terminal charges is accrued on activation of new chargeable user.

(e) Connectivity income is accrued over the expected period of providing connectivity service.

(f) Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established.

(g) Interest income is recognized on accrual basis.

J. Foreign currency translation

The financial statements are presented in Indian rupee (INR), which is Company''s functional and presentation currency. Transactions in foreign currencies are recognized at the prevailing exchange rates on the transaction dates. Realized gains and losses on settlement of foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates and the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

K. Current and Non-Current Classification

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle (twelve months) and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Act.

L. Employee Benefits Expenses

(a) Post-employment benefits and other long term benefits

Payments to defined contribution schemes are recognized as an expense when employees have rendered the service entitling them to the contribution. The cost of providing benefits under the defined benefit scheme is determined using the projected unit credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measure each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The company recognizes re-measurement gains and losses arising on defined benefit gratuity plans in Other Comprehensive Income (OCI) as they will never be reclassified into profit or loss, they are immediately recorded in retained earnings.

(b) Short term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognized as an expense during the period when the employee renders those services. These benefits include compensated absences such as leave expected to be availed within a year and performance incentives.

(c) Stock based compensation

The company recognizes compensation expense relating to share-based payment in net profit using fair value in accordance with Ind AS 102 "Share-Based Payment". The company has chosen to recognize the credit in ESOP Compensation Reserve.

M. Taxes on Income (Current and Deferred)

Income tax expense comprises current and deferred income tax. Current income tax for taxable profit before tax as reported in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the periods is recognized at the amount expected to be paid to or recovered from the tax authorities, using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Income tax expense is recognized in net profit in the statement of profit and loss except to the extent that it relates to items recognized in other comprehensive income.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for all temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realized.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured using tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date and are expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect of changes in tax rates on deferred income tax assets and liabilities is recognized as income or expense in the period that includes the enactment or the substantive enactment date.

A deferred income tax asset is recognized to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences and tax losses can be utilized. Deferred tax relating to items recognized outside the statement of profit and loss are recognized in correlation to the underlying transaction either in other comprehensive income or directly in equity.

Deferred income taxes are not provided on the undistributed earnings of subsidiaries where it is expected that the earnings of the subsidiary will not be distributed in the foreseeable future. The company offsets current tax assets and current tax liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts and where it intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. Tax benefits of deductions earned on exercise of employee share options in excess of compensation charged to income are credited to share premium.

N. Provisions, Contingent liabilities, Contingent assets and Commitments

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

When the Company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example, under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognized as a separate asset, but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to a provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre-tax rate that reflects, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as a finance cost.

Contingent liability is disclosed in the case of:

- a present obligation arising from past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation;

- a present obligation arising from past events, when no reliable estimate is possible

- a possible obligation arising from past events, when the probability of outflow of resources is remote. Commitments include the amount of purchase order (net of advances) issued to parties for completion of assets. Provisions, contingent liabilities, contingent assets and commitments are reviewed at each balance sheet date. Onerous contracts

A provision for onerous contracts is measured at the present value of the lower expected costs of terminating the contract and the expected cost of continuing with the contract. Before a provision is established, the company recognizes impairment on the assets with the contract.

O. Exceptional items

Certain occasions, the size, type or incidence of an item of income or expense, pertaining to the ordinary activities of the Company is such that its disclosure improves the understanding of the performance of the Company, such income or expense is classified as an exceptional item and accordingly, disclosed in the notes accompanying to the financial statements.

P. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit after tax as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income (net of any attributable taxes) relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value

(i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented.

Q. Rounding of amounts

All amounts disclosed in the financial statements and notes have been rounded off up to two decimal points in lakhs as per the requirement of Schedule III, unless otherwise stated.

R. Events after Reporting date

Where events occurring after the Balance Sheet date provide evidence of conditions that existed at the end of the reporting period, the impact of such events is adjusted within the financial statements. Otherwise, events after the Balance Sheet date of material size or nature are only disclosed.

1.3 Standards issued but not yet effective

The standard issued, but not yet effective up to the date of issuance of the company''s financial statements is disclosed below. The company intends to adopt this standard when it becomes effective.

Amendment to Ind AS 7 - Statement of Cash flows

The amendment to Ind AS 7, requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and noncash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the balance sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.

The Company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and its impact on the financial statements.

Amendment to Ind AS 102 - Share-based Payment

The amendment to Ind AS 102 provides specific guidance to measurement of cash-settled awards, modification of cash-settled awards and awards that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes.

I t clarifies that the fair value of cash-settled awards is determined on a basis consistent with that used for equity-settled awards. Market-based performance conditions and non-vesting conditions are reflected in the ''fair values'', but non-market performance conditions and service vesting conditions are reflected in the estimate of the number of awards expected to vest. Also, the amendment clarifies that if the terms and conditions of a cash-settled share-based payment transaction are modified with the result that it becomes an equity-settled share-based payment transaction, the transaction is accounted for as such from the date of the modification. Further, the amendment requires the award that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes to be treated as equity-settled in its entirety. The cash payment to the tax authority is treated as if it was part of an equity settlement.

The Company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and its impact on the financial statements.

1.4 Key accounting estimates and Judgments

The preparation of the Company''s financial statements requires the management to make judgments’, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the accompanying disclosures, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities affected in future periods.

Critical accounting estimates and assumptions

The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the reporting date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, are described below:

Income taxes

The Company''s tax jurisdiction is India. Significant judgments’ are involved in estimating budgeted profits for the purpose of paying advance tax, determining the provision for income taxes, including amount expected to be paid / recovered for uncertain tax positions.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, Plant and Equipment represent a significant proportion of the asset base of the Company. The charge in respect of periodic depreciation is derived after determining an estimate of an asset''s expected useful life and the expected residual value at the end of its life. The useful lives and residual values of Company''s assets are determined by the management at the time the asset is acquired and reviewed at each financial year end. The lives are based on historical experience with similar assets as well as anticipation of future events, which may impact their life, such as changes in technical or commercial obsolescence arising from changes or improvements in production or from a change in market demand of the product or service output of the asset.

Defined benefit plans

The cost of the defined benefit plan and other post-employment benefits and the present value of such obligation are determined using actuarial valuations. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases, mortality rates and attrition rate. Due to the complexities involved in the valuation and its long-term nature, a defined benefit obligation is highly sensitive to changes in these assumptions. All assumptions are reviewed at each reporting date.


Mar 31, 2016

1. GENERAL INFORMATION

Multi Commodity Exchange of India Limited (the "Company" or the "Exchange") is a deemed Stock Exchange recognised under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956. The Company is a demutualised Exchange and has permanent recognition from the Government of India to facilitate nationwide online trading, clearing and settlement operations of commodity derivatives.

A. Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the 2013 Act, as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialise.

C. Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition).

D. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before exceptional items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

E. Fixed assets

Fixed assets (tangible assets) are stated at cost of acquisition or construction and carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

Intangible assets are recognised only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Expenditure on an intangible item is expensed when incurred unless it forms part of the cost of intangible asset that meets the recognition criteria. Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition and are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment loss, if any.

F. Depreciation and amortization

Fixed assets (tangible) are depreciated / amortized over their useful lives as specified in "Part C" of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

Fixed assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated fully in the year of purchase / acquisition. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis in the month of purchase / sale.

Fixed assets (intangible) are amortized on their estimated useful life on straight line basis.

G. Impairment of fixed assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at lower of the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised or recoverable amount.

H. Operating leases

Assets taken/given on lease under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payment/income under operating leases is recognised as expenses/income on a straight line basis over the lease term in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

I. Investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value. Long-term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a diminution is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. The difference between carrying amount of the investment determined on average cost basis and sale proceeds, net of expenses, is recognised as profit or loss on sale of investments.

J. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognised on accrual basis and when no significant uncertainty as to measurement and realisation exists.

a) Volume based transaction fees are accrued when orders placed by members on the network are matched and confirmed.

b) Admission Fees (non refundable) collected from new members for joining the Exchange are recognized once membership is approved.

c) Annual subscription fees from members are recognized on accrual basis.

d) Revenue from terminal charges is accrued on activation of new chargeable user.

e) Connectivity income is accrued over the expected period of providing connectivity service.

f) Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established.

g) Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis.

K. Foreign currency transactions and translation

Foreign exchange transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are restated using the exchange rate prevailing at the Balance Sheet date; the resultant exchange differences are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost using the exchange rates on the date of the transaction.

L. Operating cycle

Based on the nature of activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

M. Employee Expenses

a) Post employment benefits and other long term benefits

Payments to defined contribution schemes and other similar funds are expensed as incurred.

For defined benefit schemes and other long term benefit plans viz. gratuity and compensated absences expected to occur after twelve months, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on a straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of the available refunds and reduction in contributions to the scheme.

b) Short term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised as an expense during the period when the employee renders those services. These benefits include compensated absences such as leave expected to be availed within a year and performance incentives.

N. Stock based compensation

The compensation cost of stock options granted to employees is measured by the intrinsic value method, i.e. difference between the market price of the Company''s shares on the date of grant of options and the exercise price to be paid by the option holders.

O. Income taxes

Income taxes are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS-22) "Accounting for Taxes on Income" Tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax. Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company recognises deferred tax based on the tax effect of timing differences, being differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of items other than unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. However, deferred tax assets are not recognised on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

P. Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts to the financial statements. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

Q. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit after tax as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income (net of any attributable taxes) relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented.

A Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to equity shares:

The Company has only one class of shares referred to as equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10/- per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividend in Indian Rupees. The dividend recommended by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders at the ensuing annual general meeting, except in the case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts in the proportion of equity shares held.


Mar 31, 2015

1. General information

Multi Commodity Exchange of India Limited (the ''Company'' or the ''Exchange'') is an electronic commodity futures Exchange. The Company is a demutualised Exchange and has permanent recognition from the Government of India to facilitate nationwide online trading, clearing and settlement operations of Commodity futures transactions.

a. Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 which are deemed to be applicable as per Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the 2013 Act, as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention.

B. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialize.

c. cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition).

D. cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before exceptional items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

e. Fixed assets

Fixed assets (tangible assets) are stated at cost of acquisition or construction and carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

Intangible assets are recognized only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will few to the enterprise and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Expenditure on an intangible item is expensed when incurred unless it forms part of the cost of intangible asset that meets the recognition criteria. Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment loss, if any.

F. Depreciation and amortization

Fixed assets (tangible) are depreciated / amortized over their useful lives as specified in "Part C" of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

Fixed assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated fully in the year of purchase / acquisition. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis in the month of purchase / sale.

Fixed assets (intangible) are amortized on their estimated useful life on straight line basis.

G. impairment of fixed assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at lower of the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized or recoverable amount.

H. Operating leases

Assets taken/given on lease under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payment/income under operating leases is recognized as expenses/income on a straight line basis over the lease term in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

i. investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value. Long-term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a diminution is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. The difference between carrying amount of the investment determined on average cost basis and sale proceeds, net of expenses, is recognized as profit or loss on sale of investments.

J. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized on accrual basis and when no significant uncertainty as to measurement and realization exists.

a) Volume based transaction fees are accrued when orders placed by members on the network are matched and confirmed.

b) Admission Fees (non refundable) collected from new members for joining the Exchange are recognized once membership is approved.

c) Annual subscription fees from members are recognized on accrual basis.

d) Revenue from terminal charges is accrued on activation of new chargeable user.

e) Connectivity income is accrued over the expected period of providing connectivity service.

f) Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established.

g) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

K. Foreign currency transactions and translation

Foreign exchange transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are restated using the exchange rate prevailing at the Balance Sheet date; the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost using the exchange rates on the date of the transaction.

l. Operating cycle

Based on the nature of activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realization in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

m. employee Benefts

a) Post employment benefts and other long term benefts

Payments to defned contribution schemes and other similar funds are expensed as incurred.

For defend benefit schemes and other long term benefit plans viz. gratuity and compensated absences expected to occur after twelve months, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortized on a straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defend benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of the available refunds and reduction in contributions to the scheme.

b) Short term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognized as an expense during the period when the employee renders those services. These benefits include compensated absences such as leave expected to be availed within a year and performance incentives.

n. Stock based compensation

The compensation cost of stock options granted to employees is measured by the intrinsic value method, i.e. difference between the market price of the Company''s shares on the date of grant of options and the exercise price to be paid by the option holders.

O. income taxes

Income taxes are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS-22) "Accounting for Taxes on Income". Tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax. Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of Income-Tax Act, 1961. The Company recognizes deferred tax based on the tax effect of timing differences, being differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized for timing differences of items other than unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realized. However, deferred tax assets are not recognized on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

P. Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts to the financial statements. Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements.

Q. earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit after tax as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income (net of any attributable taxes) relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of Accounting and Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the provisions ofthe Companies Act, 1956.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts ofassets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialise.

C. Fixed Assets (Tangible Assets)

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction and carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

D. IntangibleAssets

Intangible assets are recognised only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Expenditure on an intangible item is expensed when incurred unless it forms part of the cost of intangible asset that meets the recognition criteria. Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition and are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment loss, if any.

E. Operating Leases

Assets taken/given on lease under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessorareclassifiedasoperatinglease.Leasepayments/income under operating leases are recognised as expenses/income on a straight line basis over the lease term in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

F. Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation and amortisation is provided for on straight line basis at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 except for the following assets which are depreciated over useful live stated as follows:

Fixed assets costing less than Rs.5,000 are depreciated fully in the year of purchase/acquisition. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis in the month of purchase/sale.

G. Investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value. Long-term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion ofthe management. The difference between carrying amount of the investment determined on average cost basis and sale proceeds, net ofexpenses, is recognised as profit or loss on sale of investments.

H. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognised on accrual basis and when no significant uncertainty as to measurement and realisation exists.

a. Volume based transaction fees are accrued when orders placed by members on the network are matched and confirmed.

b. Admission Fees (non refundable) collected from new members for joining the commodity exchange are recognised once membership is approved.

c. Annual subscription fees (non refundable) collected from members is recognised on accrual basis.

d. Revenue from terminal charges is accrued on creation of new chargeable user identification.

e. Connectivity income is accrued over the expected period of providing connectivity service.

f. Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established.

g. Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis.

h. Insurance claim is recognised when such claim is admitted by the Insurance Company.

i. Other income is recognised proportionately over the period in which services are rendered.

I. Foreign Currency Transactions andTranslation

Foreign exchange transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date ofthe transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are restated using the exchange rate prevailing at the balance sheet date; the resultant exchange differences are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss of the year. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost using the exchange rates on the date of the transaction.

J. Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of activities ofthe Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

K. Employee Benefits

a. Post employment benefits and other long term benefits

Payments to defined contribution schemes and other similar funds are expensed as incurred.

For defined benefit schemes and other long term benefit plans viz. gratuity and compensated absences expected to occur after twelve months, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the statement of profit and loss for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on a straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of the available refunds and reduction in contributions to the scheme.

b. Short term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised as an expense during the period when the employee renders those services.These benefits include compensated absences such as leave expected to be availed within a year and performance incentives.

L. Stock based Compensation

The compensation cost of stock options granted to employees is measured by the intrinsic value method, i.e. difference between the market price ofthe Company''s shares on the date of grant of options and the exercise price to be paid by the option holders.

M. Income taxes

Income taxes are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS-22) "Accounting for Taxes on Income". Tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax. Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of Income-Tax Act, 1961. The Company recognises deferred tax (subject to consideration of prudence) based on the tax effect of timing differences, being differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognised in the statement of profit and loss using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are not recognised on unabsorbed depreciation and carryforward of losses unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred taxassets can be realised.

N. Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount ofthe assets. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at lower ofthe carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised or recoverable amount.

O. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Contingent assets are neither recognised nordisclosed in thefinancial statements.

P. Earnings PerShare

Basic earnings pershare are computed by dividing the profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit after tax as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income (net of any attributable taxes) relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning ofthe period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value ofthe outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of preparation of financial statements

The accompanying financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 (to the extent applicable) and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles ('GAAP') and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon the management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from those estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Adjustments, if any, are prospectively made.

C. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized on accrual basis and when no significant uncertainty as to measurement and realization exists.

a) Admission Fees (non refundable) collected from new members for joining the commodity exchange are recognized once membership is approved.

b) Annual subscription fees (non refundable) collected from members is recognized on accrued basis.

c) Volume based transaction fees are accrued when orders placed by members on the networkare matched and confirmed.

d) Revenue from terminal charges is accrued on creation of newchargeable user identification.

e) Dividend income is recognised when the Company's right to receive dividend is established.

f) Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

g) VSAT connectivity income is accrued over the expected period of providing connectivity service. h) Insurance claims are recognised on admittance basis.

D. FixedAssets and Depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Depreciation is provided on straight-line method at rates prescribed by the Schedule XIV of the Act except for the following assets that are depreciated over their estimated useful life as determined by management:

Class of asset Useful life (in months)

Networking equipments (VSAT) 60

Trademarkand Copyrights 60

Computer (software) 60

Leasehold improvements are depreciated over the residual period of the lease.

Fixed assets costing less than Rs.5,000 are depreciated fully in the year of purchase / acquisition. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis in the month of purchase/sale.

E. Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are recognised only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flowtothe enterprise and the costofthe assets canbe measured reliably. Expenditureon anintangible item is expensed when incurred unless it forms part of the cost of intangible asset that meets the recognition criteria. Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortization and impairment loss, if any.

F. Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit which the asset belongs to, is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and theasset is reflected at the recoverable amountsubject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

G. Foreign Exchange Transactions

Foreign exchange transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognised in the statement of profit andloss. Exchangedifferences arisingonforeign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss of the year. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost using the exchange rateson thedate of the transaction.

H. EmployeeBenefits

Gratuity

The Company's gratuity benefit scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Company's net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit scheme is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value, and the fair value ofanyplan assets, if any, is deducted.

The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation usingthe Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefitentitlement and measures each unitseparately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plan, are based on the market yield of Government securities as at the balance sheet date.

Actuarial gains andlosses are recognised immediately in the statement ofprofit and loss.

Leave Encashment

Leave pay is actuarially determined based on the employee compensation rates for the eligible unavailed leave balance standingto the creditof theemployeesat theyear end.

Provident Fund

The Company contributes to a recognized provident fund which is a defined contribution scheme. The contributions are accounted for on an accrual basisand recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

I. Investments

Purchase and sale of investments is accounted for on trade date. Investments are classified as current or long term in accordance with the investment policy of the management.

Investments which are intended to be held for one year or more are classified as long term investments and the investments which are intendedto be held forlessthan one yearare classifiedas current investments.

Long term Investments

Long-term investments are carried at cost less any diminution in value other than temporary, determined separately for each individual investment.

Current Investment:

Current investmentsare stated at the lower ofcost and fair valuede termined onan individual investment basis.

J. Incometaxes

Current tax

Income tax expense comprisesthe current tax(i.e. amountoftax forthe period,determinedinaccordancewiththe Income Tax Act, 1961 and the rules framed there under) and the deferred tax charge or credit reflecting the tax effects oftiming differences between accounting incomeand taxable incomefor theyear.

Deferred tax

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the accounting profits and taxable profits. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are only recognised if there is reasonable certainty that they will be realised, except for deferred tax assets when the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, which are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty they will be realised.These assets are reviewed for appropriateness oftheircarrying value at each Balancesheet date.

K. Operating Leases

Assets taken on lease under which all the risk and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as expenses on straight line basis in accordancewith Accounting Standard 19 -Leases prescribed in the Rules.

L. Stock based compensation

The compensation cost of stock options granted to employees is measured by the intrinsic value method, i.e. difference between the market price / fair value of the Company's shares on the date of grant of options and the exercise priceto be paid bythe optionholders.

M. Share issue expenses

Share issueexpenses are written off against securitiespremium account.

N. Provisions,Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

The Company creates a provision when there is present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of out flow of resources is remote,no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions are reviewed at each balance-sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. If it is no longer probable that an outflow of resources would be required to settle the obligation,the provisionis reversed. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements. However contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, the asset and related income are recognised in the period in which the change occurs.

O. Earning per share

The basic earnings per shareis computed bydividing the net profit attributable tothe equity shareholders for the year by the weightedaverage numberof equity shares outstandingduring the reporting year.

Number of equity shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share,and also weighted average number of equity shares,which would have been issue dont he conversion of all dilutive potential shares. In computing dilutive earnings per share, only potential equity shares that are dilutive are included.


Mar 31, 2011

1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The accompanying financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principle and the provisions of the Companies Act 1956 (Rs.the ActRs.), to the extent applicable.

2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon managementRs.s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from those estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Adjustments, if any, are prospectively made.

3 Fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Cost includes all expenses incidental to the acquisition of the fixed assets and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

4 Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recognized only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Expenditure on an intangible item is expensed when incurred unless it forms part of the cost of intangible asset that meets the recognition criteria. Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition net of recoverable taxes less accumulated amortization and impairment loss, if any.

5 Depreciation

Depreciation has been provided on Tangible Fixed Assets on Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Intangible assets comprising software purchased and licensing costs are amortised on straight line basis over the useful life of the software up to a maximum of five years commencing from the month in which such software is ready for use.

The Company provides pro-rata depreciation from the day the asset is ready to use and for any asset sold, till the date of sale.

6 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit which the asset belongs to, is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Profit & Loss Account. If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

7 Foreign currency transactions

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. items denominated in foreign currencies at the year-end are restated at year end rates. Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognised in the Profit & Loss Account of the year.

8 Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized when no significant uncertainty as to measurement and realization exists.

a) Admission fees collected from new members for joining the exchange are recognized when received and the member is approved by SEBI.

b) Processing and other fees collected from members are recognized on receipt basis.

c) Recoveries from members towards VSAT connectivity are apportioned over the period of connectivity (three years) on a pro rata basis from the date of activation of connectivity

d) Dividend income is recognized when the companyRs.s right to receive dividend is established.

e) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

9 Employee benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amounts in the Profit & Loss Account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

Long-term employee benefits, viz., gratuity and leave encashment are recognized at the present value of the amounts payable determined at the close of the year based on actuarial valuation techniques using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to the Profit & Loss Account. The present value is determined using the market yields of government bonds, at the balance sheet date, as the discounting rate.

10 Investments

Investments are classified as long-term or current based on intention of the management at the time of purchase.

Long-term investments are carried at carrying cost less any other than temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment.

Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each individual investment.

Profit or Loss on sale of investments is determined on the basis of weighted average cost.

11 Income Tax

Income tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax charge or credit.

Current tax

Current tax expense is determined in accordance with the provision of Indian Income Tax Act, 1961 after taking into consideration the exemption and allowances, if any, available to the Company in the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized subject to managementsRs. judgment that their future realisation is reasonably certain except where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable / virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

12 Operating leases

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership over the lease term are classified as operating leases. Operating lease rentals are recognized as an expense in the Profit & Loss Account in accordance with Accounting Standard 19

- Leases.

13 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

Provision s comprise liabilities of uncertain timing or amount. Provisions are recognized when the Company recognizes that it has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reasonable estimate can be made.

Provision are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. If it is no longer probable that the outflow of resources would be required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed.

A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

14 Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting year.

The number of equity shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential shares. In computing diluted earnings per share only potential equity shares that are dilutive are included.


Mar 31, 2010

1.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The accompanying financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting standards and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 ('the Rules') (to the extent applicable) and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principle ('GAAP') and the provisions of the Companies Act 1956 ('the Act'), to the extent applicable.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from those estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Adjustments, if any, are prospectively made.

1.3 Fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all expenses incidental to the acquisition of the fixed assets and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Depreciation is charged over the estimated useful life of fixed asset on straight line basis.

The depreciation rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as minimum rates. If the management's estimate of the estimated useful life of the fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid Schedule XIV, depreciation is charged at a higher rate based on the management's estimate of the estimated useful life / remaining useful life of the fixed asset. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation is charged at the following rates:

Intangible assets comprising software purchased and licensing costs are amortised on straight line basis over the useful life of the software up to a maximum of five years commencing from the month in which such software is ready for use.

Assets individually costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase/ acquisition.

The Company provides pro-rata depreciation from the day the asset is ready to use and for any asset sold, till the date of sale.

1.4 Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recognized only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Expenditure on an intangible item is expensed when incurred unless it forms part of the cost of intangible asset that meets the recognition criteria. Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortization and impairment loss, if any.

1.5 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit which the asset belongs to, is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account.

If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

1.6 Foreign exchange transaction

Foreign exchange transactions are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the date of the transactions. Exchange differences, if any, arising out of foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the profit and loss account of the year.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the balance sheet date at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences, if any, are recognized in the profit and loss account.

1.7 Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized when no significant uncertainty as to measurement and realization exists.

a) Admission fees collected from new members for joining the exchange are recognized when received and the member is approved by SEBI.

b) Processing and other fees collected from members are recognized on annual basis.

c) Dividend income is recognized when the company's right to receive dividend is established.

d) Interest income is recognized on accrual basis.

e) Recoveries from members towards VSAT connectivity are apportioned over the period of connectivity (three years) on a pro rata basis from the date of activation of connectivity. Other recoveries from members are accounted annually on accrual basis.

f) Recoveries from subsidiary company are accounted on an accrual basis in accordance with the terms of the agreement on cost sharing.

1.8 Employee benefits

Gratuity

The Company's gratuity scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Company's net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit scheme is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods, that benefit is discounted to determine its present value and the fair value of plan assets, if any, is deducted.

The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rate is based on the prevailing market yields of Indian government securities as at the balance sheet date for the estimated term of the obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the profit and loss account.

Leave encashment

The Company provides for leave encashment liability based on actuarial valuation of the leave encashment liability as at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary.

Provident Fund

The Company contributes to a recognized provident fund which is a defined contribution scheme. The contributions are accounted for on an accrual basis and recognized in the profit and loss account

1.9 Stock based compensation

The compensation cost of stock options granted to employees is measured by the intrinsic value method, i.e. difference between the market price / fair value of the Company's shares on the date of grant of options and the exercise price to be paid by the option holders.

1.10 Investments

Investments are classified as long term or current based on intention of the management at the time of purchase.

Long-term investments are carried at carrying cost less any other than temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment.

Current investments comprising investments in mutual funds are stated at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each individual investment.

Purchase and sale of investments are recorded on trade date. Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on the basis of weighted average cost.

1.11 Income Tax

Income tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

Current tax

Current tax expense is recognized on an annual basis under the taxes payable method, based on the estimated tax liability computed after taking credit for allowances and exemption in accordance with Indian Income Tax Act, 1961

Deferred tax

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized subject to managements' judgement that their future realisation is reasonably certain except where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

1.12 Operating leases

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership over the lease term are classified as operating leases. Operating lease rentals are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account on straight line basis in accordance with Accounting Standard 19- Leases prescribed in the Rules.

1.13 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

Provisions comprise liabilities of uncertain timing or amount. Provisions are recognized when the Company recognizes that it has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reasonable estimate can be made.

A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provision are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. If it is no longer probable that the outflow of resources would be required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed.

Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements. However contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, the asset and related income are recognized in the period in which the change occurs.

1.14 Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting year.

The number of equity shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential shares. In computing diluted earnings per share only potential equity shares that are dilutive are included.


Mar 31, 2009

1.1 Basis of preparation

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the financial statements are presented in Indian rupees.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

1.3 Fixed assets and depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all expenses incidental to the acquisition of the fixed assets and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Depreciation is charged over the estimated useful life of a fixed asset on a straight line basis.

The depreciation rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as minimum rates. If the management's estimate of the estimated useful life of the fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid Schedule XIV, depreciation is charged at a higher rate based on the management's estimate of the estimated useful life / remaining useful life of the fixed asset. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation is charged at the following rates:

Intangible assets comprising software purchased and licensing costs are depreciated on straight line basis over the useful life of the software up to a maximum of five years commencing from the month in which such software is first utilised.

Assets individually costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase/ acquisition.

The Company provides pro-rata depreciation from the day the asset is ready to use and for any asset sold, till the date of sale.

1.4 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset or of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs to or the cash generating unit. If such estimated recoverable amount of the asset is less than the carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its estimated recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account.

If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

1.5 Investments

Investments are classified as long term or current based on intention of the management at the time of purchase.

Long-term investments are carried at carrying cost less any other than temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment.

Current investments are valued at the lower of cost or net realisable value. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is done separately in respect of each individual investment.

Purchase and sale of investments are recorded on trade date. The gains/ losses on sale of investments are recognised in the profit and loss account on the trade day. Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on the basis of weighted average basis.

1.6 Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized when no significant uncertainty as to measurement and realization exists.

a) Admission fees are recognized once the membership is approved by SEBI.

b) Processing and other fees collected from members are accrued annually.

c) Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

d) Interest income is accounted on an accrual basis.

e) Recoveries from members towards Vsat connectivity are apportioned over the period of connectivity (three years) on a pro rata basis from the date of activation of connectivity. Other recoveries from members are accounted annually on accrual basis.

f) Recoveries from subsidiary company are accounted on an accrual basis in accordance with the terms of the agreement on cost sharing.

1.7 Transactions in foreign currency

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the date of the transactions. Exchange differences, if any, arising out of foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognised in the profit and loss account of the year.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the balance sheet date at the closing exchange rates on that date and the resultant exchange differences, if any, are recognised in the profit and loss account.

1.8 Retirement benefits

Provident Fund

The Company's contribution to the Statutory Provident Fund, a defined contribution scheme, made at 12% of the basic salary of each employee is charged to the profit and loss account as incurred.

Gratuity

The Company's gratuity benefit scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Company's net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit scheme is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods, that benefit is discounted to determine its present value and the fair value of plan assets, if any, is deducted.

The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rate is based on the prevailing market yields of Indian government securities as at the balance sheet date for the estimated term of the obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the profit and loss account.

Leave encashment

The Company provides for leave encashment liability based on actuarial valuation of the leave encashment liability as at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary.

1.9 Operating leases

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership over the lease term are classified as operating leases. Operating lease rentals are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account on straight line basis over the lease term.

1.10 Tax

Income tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period) and fringe benefit tax.

Current tax

Current tax expense is recognised on an annual basis under the taxes payable method, based on the estimated tax liability computed after taking credit for allowances and exemption in accordance with Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised subject to managements' judgement that their future realisation is reasonably certain except where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

Fringe benefit tax (FBT)

The provision for fringe benefit tax is made on the basis of applicable FBT on the taxable value of eligible expenses of the Company as prescribed under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

1.11 Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting year.

The number of equity shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential shares. In computing diluted earnings per share only potential equity shares that are dilutive are included.

1.12 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

Provisions comprise liabilities of uncertain timing or amount. Provisions are recognized when the Company recognizes that it has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reasonable estimate can be made.

A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provision are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. If it is no longer probable that the outflow of resources would be required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed.

Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements. However contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, the asset and related income are recognised in the period in which the change occurs.

1.13 Preliminary and preoperative expenses

Preliminary and preoperative expenses are recognised in same financial year in which it is incurred.

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