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Accounting Policies of Chowgule Steamships Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1 Significant Accounting Policies :

1.1 Statement of compliance:

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Ind AS as notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015.

Upto the year ended March 31, 2016, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with the requirements of previous GAAP, which includes Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. These are the Company’s first Ind AS financial statements. The date of transition to Ind AS is April 1, 2015. Refer Note No. 3.21 for the details of first time adoption exemptions availed by the Company.

1.2 Basis of preparation and Presentation:

These financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis, except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values at the end of each reporting period, as explained in the accounting policies below.

Historical cost is generally based on the fair value of the consideration given in exchange for goods and services.

Fair value is the price that would be received on sell of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participations at the measurement date, regardless of whether that price is directly observable or estimated using another valuation technique. In estimating the fair value of an asset or a liability, the Company takes into account the characteristics of the asset or liability if market participants would take those characteristics into account when pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. Fair value for measurement and/or disclosure purposes in these financial statements is determined on such a basis that are within the scope of Ind AS 102, leasing transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 17, and measurements that have some similarities to fair value but are not fair value, such as net realisable value in Ind AS 2 or value in use in Ind AS 36.

In addition, for financial reporting purposes, fair value measurements are categorized into Level 1, 2 or 3 based on the degree to which the inputs to the fair value measurements are observable and the significance of the inputs to the fair value measurement in its entirety, which are described as follows:

- Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity can access at the measurement date;

- Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly; and

- Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.

1.3 Use of estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Ind AS requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the accounts and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year.

Actual results could differ from those estimates. The most significant techniques for estimation are described in the accounting policies below. Critical accounting judgments and the key sources of estimation or uncertainty in applying the Company’s accounting policies arise in relation to property, plant and equipment, current asset provisions, deferred tax, retirement benefits and provisions. The detailed accounting policies, including underlying judgments and methods of estimations for each of these items are discussed below. All of these key factors are reviewed on a continuous basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which estimates are revised and any future periods affected.

1.4 Property, plant and equipment:

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Cost includes all direct costs and expenditures incurred to bring the asset to its working condition and location for its intended use.

An item of property, plant and equipment is recognised as an asset if it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and its cost can be measured reliably. This recognition principle is applied to the costs incurred initially to acquire an item of property, plant and equipment and also to costs incurred subsequently to add to, replace part of, or service it. All other repair and maintenance costs, including regular servicing, are recognised in the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognised upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from the continued use of the asset. The gain or loss arising on disposal of an asset is determined as the difference between the sale proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset, and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

Depreciation is recognized to write off the cost of assets (other than freehold land) less their residual values over their useful lives. These charges are commenced from the dates the assets are available for their intended use and are spread over their estimated useful economic lives. The estimated useful lives, residual values and depreciation method are determined and reviewed at the end of each year, with the effect of any changes in estimate accounted for on a prospective basis.

Advances paid towards acquisition of property, plant and equipment outstanding at the year-end are classified as capital advances under other non-current assets.

For transition to Ind AS, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all its property, plant and equipment recognised as at 1st April, 2015 (transition date) measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost as of the transition date

1.5 Inventories:

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Costs of inventories are determined on a first-in-first-out basis. Net realisable value represents the estimated selling price for inventories less all estimated costs of completion and costs necessary to make the sale.

1.6 Leasing:

Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee. All other leases are classified as operating leases.

Rentals Income from operating leases is generally recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the term of the relevant lease. Where the rentals are structured solely to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the Company’s expected inflationary cost increases, such increases are recognised in the year in which such benefits accrue. Initial direct costs incurred in negotiating and arranging an operating lease are added to the carrying amount of the leased asset and recognised on a straight line basis over the lease term.

1.7 Impairment of tangible assets:

At each balance sheet date, the Company reviews the carrying amounts of its property, plant and equipment to determine whether there is any indication that the carrying amounts of those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss (if any). When it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs. When a reasonable and consistent basis of allocation can be identified, corporate assets are also allocated to individual cash-generating units, or otherwise they are allocated to the smallest group of cash-generating units for which a reasonable and consistent allocation basis can be identified.

Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs to sell and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset for which the estimates of future cash flows have not been adjusted.

If recoverable amount of asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be less than carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

When an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash- generating unit) is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset (or cash generating unit) in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

1.8 Foreign currency transactions and translation:

The financial statements of the Company are presented in INR, which is the functional currency of the company.

In preparing the financial statements of the Company, transactions in currencies other than the functional currency are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. At the end of each reporting period, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rates prevailing at the end of the reporting period. Non-monetary items carried at fair value that are denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rates prevailing on the date when the fair value was determined. Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are not translated.

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items, and on retranslation of monetary items are included in the statement of profit and loss for the period. Exchange differences arising on retranslation on non-monetary items carried at fair value are included in statement of profit and loss for the period except for differences arising on the retranslation of non-monetary items in respect of which gains and losses are recognised directly in other comprehensive income.

1.9 Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. Investment income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalization. All other borrowing costs are recognised in statement of profit or loss in the period in which they are incurred.

1.10 Employee benefits:

1.10.1 Short term:

Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the Company.

1.10.2 Retirement benefit costs:

The Company has both defined-contribution and defined-benefit plans, of which some have assets in special funds or securities. The plans are financed by the Company and in the case of some defined contribution plans by the Company along with its employees.

1.10.2.1 Defined-contribution plans:

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to the employees’ provident fund and superannuation fund. The Company’s payments to the defined-contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employees perform the services that the payment covers.

1.10.2.2 Defined-benefit plans:

For defined benefit retirement plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date. Remeasurement, comprising actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the changes to the asset ceiling (if applicable) and the return on plan assets (excluding net interest), is reflected immediately in the balance sheet with a charge or credit recognised in other comprehensive income in the period in which they occur. Remeasurement recognised in other comprehensive income is reflected immediately in retained earnings and is not reclassified to statement of profit and loss. Past service cost is recognised as an expense when the plan amendment or curtailment occurs or when any related restructuring costs or termination benefits are recognised, whichever is earlier. The service cost, net interest on the net defined benefit liability/ (asset) is treated as a net expense within employment cost. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined-benefit obligation as reduced by the fair value plan assets.

1.10.3 Other long-term employee benefits:

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid. Where there are restrictions on availment of encashment of such accrued benefit or where the availment or encashment is otherwise not expected to wholly occur in the next twelve months, the liability on account of the benefit is actuarially determined using the projected unit credit method.

1.11 Taxation:

Income Tax expense represents the sum of tax currently payable and deferred tax.

1.11.1 Current tax:

The tax currently payable is based on taxable profit for the year. Taxable profit differs from ‘profit before tax’ as reported in the statement of profit and loss because it excludes items of income or expense that are taxable or deductible in other years and items that are never taxable or deductible. The Company’s current tax is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

1.11.2 Deferred tax:

Deferred tax is recognised on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognised for all taxable temporary differences. Deferred tax assets are generally recognised for all deductible to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which those deductible temporary differences can be utilised. Such deferred tax assets and liabilities are not recognised if the temporary difference arises from the initial recognition of assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither taxable profit nor the accounting profit.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at the end of each reporting period and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the deferred income tax asset to be utilised.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period when the liability is settled or the asset is realised, based on the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period.

The measurement of deferred tax liabilities and assets reflects the tax consequences that would follow from the manner in which the Company expects, at the end of the reporting period, to cover or settle the carrying amount of its assets and liabilities.

Current and deferred tax are recognised as an expense or income in the statement of profit and loss, except when they relate to items that are recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case, the current and deferred tax are also recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity respectively.

Deferred tax assets include Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws in India, which is likely to give future economic benefits in the form of availability of set off against future income tax liability. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as deferred tax asset in the Balance sheet when the asset can be measured reliably and it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with the asset will be realised.

1.12 Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand and demand deposits with banks which are short-term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.13 Provisions:

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that the Company will be required to settle the obligation, and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

The amount recognised as a provision is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period, taking into account the risks and uncertainties surrounding the obligation. When a provision is measured using the cash flows estimated to settle the present obligation, its carrying amount is the present value of those cash flows (when the effect of the time value of money is material).

When some or all of the economic benefits required to settle a provision are expected to be recovered from a third party, a receivable is recognised as an asset if it is virtually certain that reimbursement will be received and the amount of the receivable can be measured reliably. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

1.14 Revenue recognition:

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured, regardless of when the payment is being made. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable net of discounts, taking into account contractually defined terms and excluding taxes or duties collected on behalf of the government

1.14.1 Rendering of service:

Time charter earnings are accrued on a time proportion basis.

1.14.2 Dividend and interest income:

Dividend income from investments is recognised when the shareholder’s right to receive payment has been established (provided that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount of income can be measured reliably).

Interest income from a financial asset is recognised when it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount of income can be measured reliably. Interest income is accrued on a time basis, by reference to the principal outstanding and at the effective interest rate applicable, which is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to that asset’s net carrying amount on initial recognition.

1.14.3 Rental income:

The Company’s policy for recognition of revenue from operating leases is described in note 3.6 above

1.15 Financial instruments:

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognised when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

Financial assets and liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial asset or financial liability, as appropriate, on initial recognition. The transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

Effective interest method

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortised cost of a financial instrument and of allocating interest income or expense over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts future cash receipts or payments through the expected life of the financial instrument, or where appropriate, a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

1.16 Financial assets:

All regular way purchase or sale of financial assets are recognised and derecognized on a trade date basis. Regular way purchases or sale of financial assets, which require delivery of assets within the time frame established by regulation or convention in the market place.

All recognised financial assets are subsequently measured in their entirety at their amortised cost or fair value, depending on the classification of the financial assets.

Financial assets at amortised cost

Financial assets are subsequently measured at amortised cost if these financial assets are held within a business model whose objective is to hold these assets in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

Financial assets are subsequently measured at fair value through other comprehensive income if these financial assets are held within a business model whose objective is to hold these assets in order to collect contractual cash flows or to sell these financial assets and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

Financial asset which is not classified in any of the above categories are subsequently fair valued through profit or loss.

Impairment of financial assets

Loss allowance for expected credit losses is recognised for financial assets measured at amortised cost and fair value through other comprehensive income.

Loss allowance equal to the lifetime expected credit losses is recognised if the credit risk on the financial instruments has significantly increased since initial recognition. For financial instruments whose credit risk has not significantly increased since initial recognition, loss allowance equal to twelve months expected credit losses is recognised.

Derecognition of financial assets

The Company derecognises a financial asset only when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the asset expire, or it transfers the financial asset and substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the asset to another entity. If the Company neither transfers nor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership and continues to control the transferred asset, the Company recognises its retained interest in the assets and an associated liability for amounts it may have to pay. If the Company retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of a transferred financial asset, the Company continues to recognise the financial asset and also recognises a collateralised borrowing of the proceeds received.

1.17 Financial liabilities and equity instruments:

Classification as debt or equity

Financial liabilities and equity instruments issued by the Company are classified according to the substance of the contractual arrangements entered into and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument.

Equity instruments

An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of the Company after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments are recorded at the proceeds received, net of direct issue costs.

Financial Liabilities

Trade and other payables are initially measured at fair value, net of transaction costs, and are subsequently measured at amortised cost, using the effective interest rate method.

Interest-bearing bank loans issued debts are initially measured at fair value and are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the settlement or redemption of borrowings is recognised over the term of the borrowings in accordance with the Company’s accounting policy for borrowing costs.

Derecognition of financial liabilities

The Company derecognises financial liabilities when, and only when, the Company’s obligations are discharged, cancelled or they expires.

1.18 Current versus non-current classification:

The Company presents assets and liabilities in the balance sheet based on current/ non-current classification. An asset is current when it is:

- Expected to be realised or intended to sold or consumed in normal operating cycle

- Held primarily for the purpose of trading

- Expected to be realised within twelve months after the reporting period, or

- Cash or cash equivalent unless restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period

All other assets are classified as non-current.

A liability is current when:

- It is expected to be settled in normal operating cycle

- It is held primarily for the purpose of trading

- It is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period, or

- There is no unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period The Company classifies all other liabilities as non-current.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as non-current assets and liabilities.

Based on the nature of activities of the Company and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash or cash equivalents the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

1.19 Earnings per equity share:

Basic earnings per equity share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax attributable to the equity holders of the company by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per equity share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax attributable to the equity holders of the company by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per equity share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the equity shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. the average market value of the outstanding equity shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date. Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented.

1.20 Segment reporting:

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which available discrete financial information is evaluated based on the a single operating segment ‘Shipping’, regularly by the chief operating decision maker, in deciding how to allocate resources and assessing performance.

Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Inter segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

1.21 First-time adoption - mandatory exceptions, optional exemptions:

The Company has prepared the opening balance sheet as per Ind AS as of 1st April, 2015 (the transition date)

i) By recognizing all asset and liabilities whose recognition is required by Ind AS.

ii) Not recognizing items of assets or liabilities which are not permitted by Ind AS,

iii) By reclassifying items from previous GAAP to Ind AS as required under Ind AS, and

iv) Applying Ind AS in measurement of recognized assets and liabilities. However this principles is subject to the certain exception and certain optional exemption availed by the company as detailed below:

1.21.1 Derecognition of financial assets and financial liabilities:

The Company has applied derecognition requirements of financial assets and financial liabilities prospectively for transactions occurring on or after 1st April , 2015 (the transition date).

1.21.2 Impairment of financial assets:

The Company has applied the impairment requirement of Ind AS 109 (for recognition and measurement of expected credit losses) retrospectively subject to certain exemptions provided under Ind AS 101.

1.21.3 Deemed cost for property, plant and equipment:

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all property, plant and equipment recognized as of 1st April, 2015 (the transition date) measured as per previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.

1.21.4 Long term foreign currency monetary items:

The Company has elected to continue policy adopted for accounting of exchange differences arising from translation of long-term foreign currency monetary items as previously followed under Indian GAAP for assets and liabilities at the date of transition to Ind AS.

1.21.5 Investments in subsidiary:

The Company has measured its Investment in subsidiary at cost in accordance with Ind AS 27 i.e previous GAAP carrying amount.


Mar 31, 2016

Corporate Information:

Chowgule Steamships Limited (CSL) (“the Company") is a shipping company which presently owns and operates a fleet of 5 vessels (including that of its wholly owned subsidiaries) for seaborne transportation of bulk cargoes. CSL is principally engaged in the carriage of goods by sea and is committed to serve its customers to their satisfaction and mutual optimum benefits.

1 SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

i. Basis of Accounting and Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (“the 2013 Act"). The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

ii. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known / materialize.

iii. Tangible Fixed Assets and Depreciation:

Fixed assets (other than buildings) are stated at purchase price and exchange differences arising on the conversion of foreign currency borrowings for the acquisition of ships from outside India at the yearend date and exchange differences on the payment of those borrowings during the year are credited / debited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Buildings have been revalued on 31st March, 2002.

The Company depreciates its fleet of ships on a straight line basis as per the useful life as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. The cost of second hand ships and other capital additions thereto are depreciated with reference to their residual lives. Other assets are depreciated on written down value basis as per the useful life as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

iv. Impairment of Fixed Assets:

Consideration is given at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Company''s fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. Reversal of impairment loss is recognized immediately as income in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

v. Investments:

Investments are either classified as current or long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market value. Long-term investments are carried at cost of acquisitions, net of diminution in value, if any, which is other than temporary.

vi. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is ascertained on a first-in-first-out basis.

vii. Unfinished Voyage:

Unfinished voyages represent voyage charter earnings received, reduced by direct operating expenses, related to incomplete voyages as at the Balance Sheet date.

viii. Revenue Recognition:

Freight and demurrage earnings are recognized on a completed voyage basis.

Time charter earnings are accrued on a time proportion basis.

Interest Income is recognized on the time proportionate basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable. Dividend Income is recognized when the right to receive such dividend is established.

ix. Insurance Claims:

Insurance claims for damages to ship''s hull, machinery etc. are being accrued in the year of acceptance of the claim and are based on technical considerations.

x. Employee Benefits:

a. Short-Term Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the Company.

b. Long-Term Employee Benefits

The Company has both defined-contribution and defined-benefit plans, of which some have assets in special funds or securities. The plans are financed by the Company and in the case of some defined contribution plans, it is financed by the Company along with its employees.

i) Defined-Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to the employees'' provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund. The Company''s payments to the defined-contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employees perform the services that the payment covers.

ii) Defined-Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined-benefit gratuity plans are calculated as at the Balance Sheet date by independent actuaries in a manner that distributes expenses over the employee''s working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discount rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on government bonds with a remaining term that is almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees. Actuarial gains and losses are immediately recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

c. Other Employee Benefits

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid. Where there are restrictions on availment of encashment of such accrued benefit or where the availment or encashment is otherwise not expected to wholly occur in the next twelve months, the liability on account of the benefit is actuarially determined using the projected unit credit method.

xi. Transactions in Foreign Currency:

a. Foreign currency transactions are recorded on initial recognition by applying the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction at the commencement of the month in which the transaction takes place, if it approximates the actual rate on the date of the transaction. In other cases, the rates prevailing at the date of the transaction are used.

b. As at the Balance Sheet date:

i) foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate;

ii) non monetary items that are carried at historical cost and denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and

iii) non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

c. Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting an enterprise''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

xii. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

xiii. Provisions and Contingencies:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the financial statement. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed.

xiv. Taxes on Income:

The Company''s income taxes include taxes on the Company''s taxable profits, adjustment attributable to earlier periods and changes in deferred taxes. Valuation of all tax liabilities / receivables is conducted at nominal amounts and in accordance with enacted tax regulations and tax rates or in the case of deferred taxes, those that have been substantially enacted.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax.

Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is calculated to correspond to the tax effect arising when final tax is determined. Deferred tax corresponds to the net effect of tax on all timing differences which occur as a result of items being allowed for income tax purposes during a period different from when they were recognized in the financial statements.

Deferred tax assets are recognized with regard to all deductible timing differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which deductible timing differences can be utilized. When the Company carries forward unused tax losses and unabsorbed depreciation, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and reduced by the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or a part of the aggregate deferred tax asset to be utilized.

xv. Operating Lease:

Assets acquired on lease where significant portions of the risks and rewards incidental to ownership are effectively retained by the lessors are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis over the lease term. Where the Company as a lessor, lease rental under operating lease are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term

xvi. Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit/(loss) after tax attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit/(loss) after tax as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

xvii. Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

xviii. Operating Cycle:

Based on the nature of services / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realization in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

Rights, Preferences and Restrictions attached to Equity Shares

The Company has issued only one class of shares referred to as equity shares having a par value of R 10.

Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share.

The Company declares dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders at the Annual General Meeting except, in the case of interim dividend.

The equity shares are not repayable except, in the case of a buy-back, reduction of capital or winding up. In the event of liquidation of the Company, members of the Company holding equity shares are eligible to receive the remaining assets of the Company after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion to their shareholding.

In last 5 years no classes of shares has been issued or bought back by the Company nor have any bonus issues been made by the Company.


Mar 31, 2015

I. Basis of Accounting and Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") / Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act"), as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

ii. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

iii. Tangible Fixed Assets and Depreciation:

Fixed assets (other than buildings) are stated at purchase price and exchange differences arising on the conversion of foreign currency borrowings for the acquisition of ships from outside India at the year end date and exchange differences on the payment of those borrowings during the year are credited / debited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Buildings have been revalued on 31st March, 2002.

The Company depreciates its fleet of ships on a straight line basis as per the useful life as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. The cost of second hand ships and other capital additions thereto are depreciated with reference to their residual lives. Other assets are depreciated on written down value basis as per the useful life as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

iv. Impairment of Fixed Assets:

Consideration is given at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Company''s fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. Reversal of impairment loss is recognised immediately as income in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

v. Investments:

Investments are either classified as current or long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market value. Long-term investments are carried at cost of acquisitions, net of diminution in value, if any, which is other than temporary.

vi. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is ascertained on a first-in-first-out basis.

vii. Unfinished Voyage:

Unfinished voyages represent voyage charter earnings received, reduced by direct operating expenses, related to incomplete voyages as at the Balance Sheet date.

viii. Revenue Recognition:

Freight and demurrage earnings are recognised on a completed voyage basis.

Time charter earnings are accrued on a time proportion basis.

Interest Income is recognised on the time proportionate basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable. Dividend Income is recognised when the right to receive such dividend is established.

ix. Insurance Claims:

Insurance claims for damages to ship''s hull, machinery etc. are being accrued in the year of acceptance of the claim and are based on technical considerations.

x. Employee Benefits:

a. Short-Term Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the Company.

b. Long-Term Employee Benefits

The Company has both defined-contribution and defined-benefit plans, of which some have assets in special funds or securities. The plans are financed by the Company and in the case of some defined contribution plans, it is financed by the Company along with its employees.

i) Defined-Contribution plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to the employees'' provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund. The Company''s payments to the defined-contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employees perform the services that the payment covers.

ii) Defined-Benefit plans

Expenses for defined-benefit gratuity plans are calculated as at the Balance Sheet date by independent actuaries in a manner that distributes expenses over the employee''s working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discount rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on government bonds with a remaining term that is almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees. Actuarial gains and losses are immediately recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

c. Other Employee Benefits

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid. Where there are restrictions on availment of encashment of such accrued benefit or where the availment or encashment is otherwise not expected to wholly occur in the next twelve months, the liability on account of the benefit is actuarially determined using the projected unit credit method.

xi. Transactions in Foreign Currency:

a. Foreign currency transactions are recorded on initial recognition by applying the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction at the commencement of the month in which the transaction takes place, if it approximates the actual rate on the date of the transaction. In other cases, the rates prevailing at the date of the transaction are used.

b. As at the Balance Sheet date:

i) foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate;

ii) non-monetary items that are carried at historical cost and denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and

iii) non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

c. Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting an enterprise''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

xii. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

xiii. Provisions and Contingencies:

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the financial statement. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed.

xiv. Taxes on Income:

The Company''s income taxes include taxes on the Company''s taxable profits, adjustment attributable to earlier periods and changes in deferred taxes. Valuation of all tax liabilities / receivables is conducted at nominal amounts and in accordance with enacted tax regulations and tax rates or in the case of deferred taxes, those that have been substantially enacted.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax.

Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is calculated to correspond to the tax effect arising when final tax is determined. Deferred tax corresponds to the net effect of tax on all timing differences which occur as a result of items being allowed for income tax purposes during a period different from when they were recognised in the financial statements.

Deferred tax assets are recognised with regard to all deductible timing differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which deductible timing differences can be utilized. When the Company carries forward unused tax losses and unabsorbed depreciation, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and reduced by the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or a part of the aggregate deferred tax asset to be utilised.

xv. Operating Lease:

Assets acquired on lease where significant portions of the risks and rewards incidental to ownership are effectively retained by the lessors are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis over the lease period. Where the Company as a lessor, leased assets under operating leases, lease rental under such lease are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

xvi. Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit/(loss) after tax attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit/(loss) after tax as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

xvii. Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

xviii. Operating Cycle:

Based on the nature of services / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.


Mar 31, 2013

I. Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, except as indicated in iii below, on an accrual basis of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the applicable Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. The significant accounting policies adopted in the presentation of the Accounts are as under:

ii. Use of Estimates: The presentation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimates and assumptions are based on management''s evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on the date of financial statements. The actual outcome may diverge from these estimates.

iii. Tangible Fixed Assets and Depreciation: Fixed assets (other than buildings) are stated at purchase price and exchange differences arising on the conversion of foreign currency borrowings for the acquisition of ships from outside India at the year end date and exchange differences on the payment of those borrowings during the year are credited / debited to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Buildings have been revalued on 31st March, 2002.

The Company depreciates its fleet of ships on a straight line basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. The cost of second hand ships and other capital additions thereto are depreciated with reference to their residual lives if such lives are lower than lives determined with reference to rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Other assets are depreciated on written down value basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on buildings has been provided on revalued amount. The additional depreciation on revaluation is recouped from the revaluation reserve.

The Management estimates the useful lives for the fixed assets as under-.

Vessels 20 years

Buildings 15 years

Furniture and Fixtures 5 years

Office Equipments 5 years

Vehicles 4 years

Computers 3 years

iv. Impairment of Fixed Assets:

Consideration is given at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Company''s fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. Reversal of impairment loss is recognised immediately as income in the Statement of Profit and Loss. v. Investments:

Investments are either classified as current or long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market value.

Long-term investments are carried at cost of acquisitions, net of diminution in value, if any, which is other than temporary. vi. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is ascertained on a first-in-first-out basis. vii. Unfinished Voyage:

Unfinished voyages represent voyage charter earnings received, reduced by direct operating expenses, related to incomplete voyages as at the Balance Sheet date. viii. Revenue Recognition:

Freight and demurrage earnings are recognised on a completed voyage basis.

Time charter earnings are accrued on a time proportion basis.

Interest Income is recognised on the time proportionate basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable. Dividend Income is recognised when the right to receive such dividend is established.

ix. Insurance Claims:

Insurance claims for damages to ship''s hull, machinery etc. are being accrued in the year of acceptance of the claim and are based on technical considerations.

x. Employee Benefits:

a Short-Term Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the iindiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the Company.

b. Long-Term Employee Benefits

The Company has both defined-contribution and defined-benefit plans, of which some have assets in special funds or securities.

The plans are financed by the Company and in the case of some defined contribution plans, it is financed by the Company along with its employees.

i) Defined-Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to the employees'' provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund. The Company''s payments to the defined-contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employees perform the services that the payment covers.

ii) Defined-Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined-benefit gratuity plans are calculated as at the Balance Sheet date by independent actuaries in a manner that distributes expenses over the employee''s working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discount rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on government bonds with a remaining term that is almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees. Actuarial gains and losses are immediatefy recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

c. Other Employee Benefits

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid. Where there are restrictions on availment of encashment of such accrued benefit or where the availment or encashment is otherwise not expected to wholly occur in the next twelve months, the liability on account of the benefit is actuarially determined using the projected unit credit method. xi. Transactions in Foreign Currency:

a. Foreign currency transactions are recorded on initial recognition by applying the exchange rate prevailing in the month in which the transaction takes place, if it approximates the actual rate on the date of the transaction. In other cases, the rates prevailing at the date of the transaction are used.

b. As at the Balance Sheet date:

i) foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate;

ii) non-monetary items that are carried at historical cost and denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction,- and iii) non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

c. Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting an enterprise''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

xii. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs dre charged to revenue.

xiii. Provisions and Contingencies:

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the financial statement. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed.

xiv. Taxes on Income :

The Company''s income taxes include taxes on the Company''s taxable profits, fringe benefits tax, adjustment attributable to earlier periods and changes in deferred taxes. Valuation of all tax liabilities / receivables is conducted at nominal amounts and in accordance with enacted tax regulations and tax rates or in the case of deferred taxes, those that have been substantially enacted. Deferred tax is calculated to correspond to the tax effect arising when final tax is determined. Deferred tax corresponds to the net effect of tax on all timing differences which occur as a result of items being allowed for income tax purposes during a period different from when they were recognised in the financial statements.

Deferred tax assets are recognised with regard to all deductible timing differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which deductible timing differences can be utilised. When the Company carries forward unused tax losses ¦ and unabsorbed depreciation, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realised. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and reduced by the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or a part of the aggregate deferred tax asset to be utilised.

xv. Operating Lease:

Assets acquired on lease where significant portions of the risks and rewards incidental to ownership are effectively retained by the lessors are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis over the lease period. Where the Company, as a lessor, leases assets under operating leases, lease rental under such lease are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.


Mar 31, 2011

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, except as indicated in i below, on an accrual basis of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the applicable Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. The significant accounting policies adopted in the presentation of the Accounts are as under:

i. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed assets (other than buildings) are stated at purchase price and exchange differences arising on the conversion of foreign currency borrowings for the acquisition of ships from outside India at the year end date and exchange differences on the payment of those borrowings during the year are credited / debited to the Profit and Loss Account.

Buildings have been revalued on 31st March, 2002.

The Company depreciates its fleet of ships on a straight line basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. The cost of second hand ships and other capital additions thereto are depreciated with reference to their residual lives if such lives are lower than lives determined with reference to rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Other assets are depreciated on written down value basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on buildings has been provided on revalued amount. The additional depreciation on revaluation is recouped from the revaluation reserve.

ii. Investments

Investments are either classified as current or long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or market value.

Long-term investments are carried at cost of acquisition, net of diminution in value, if any, which is other than temporary. iii. Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is ascertained on a first-in-first-out basis.

iv. Unfinished Voyage

Unfinished voyages represent voyage charter earnings received, reduced by direct operating expenses, related to incomplete voyages as at the Balance Sheet date.

v. Revenue Recognition

Freight and demurrage earnings are recognised on a completed voyage basis. Time charter earnings are recognised in the year of accrual. Interest Income is recognised on the time proportionate basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable. Dividend Income is recognised when the right to receive such dividend is established.

vi. Insurance Claims

Insurance claims for damages to ships hull, machinery etc. are being accrued in the year of acceptance of the claim and are based on technical considerations.

vii. Employee Benefits

a) Short Term

Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the Company.

b) Long Term

The Company has both defined-contribution and defined-benefit plans, of which some have assets in special funds or securities. The plans are financed by the Company and in the case of some defined contribution plans by the Company along with its employees.

i. Defined-contribution plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to the employees provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund. The Companys payments to the defined-contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employees perform the services that the payment covers.

ii. Defined-benefit plans

Expenses for defined-benefit gratuity plans are calculated as at the Balance Sheet date by independent actuaries in a manner that distributes expenses over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of

the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discount rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on government bonds with a remaining term that is almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees. Actuarial gains and losses are immediately recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

c) Other Employee Benefits

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid. Where there are restrictions on availment of encashment of such accrued benefit or where the availment or encashment is otherwise not expected to wholly occur in the next twelve months, the liability on account of the benefit is actuarially determined using the projected unit credit method. viii. Transactions in Foreign Currency

a. Foreign currency transactions are recorded on initial recognition by applying the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction at the commencement of the month in which the transaction takes place, if it approximates the actual rate on the date of the transaction. In other cases, the rates prevailing at the date of the transaction are used.

b. As at the Balance Sheet date:

i) foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate;

ii) non-monetary items that are carried at historical cost and denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and

iii) non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

c. Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting an enterprises monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

ix. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

x. Impairment of Assets

Consideration is given at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Companys fixed assets. If any indication exists, an assets recoverable amount is estimated. An Impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. Reversal of impairment loss is recognised immediately as income in the Profit and Loss Account.

xi. Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the financial statement. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed.

xii. Taxes on Income

The Companys income taxes include taxes on the Companys taxable profits, fringe benefits tax, adjustment attributable to earlier periods and changes in deferred taxes. Valuation of ail tax liabilities / receivables is conducted at nominal amounts and in accordance with enacted tax regulations and tax rates or in the case of deferred taxes, those that nave been substantially enacted.

Deferred tax is calculated to correspond to the tax effect arising when final tax is determined. Deferred tax corresponds to the net effect of tax on all timing differences which occur as a result of items being allowed for income tax purposes during a period different from when they were recognised in the financial statements.

Deferred tax assets are recognised with regard to ail deductible timing differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which deductible timing differences can be utilised. When the Company carries forward unused tax losses and unabsorbed depreciation, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and reduced by the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or a part of the aggregate deferred tax asset to be utilised.

Note:

a) The above does not include contribution to Gratuity Fund and provision for Compensated Absences in respect of the Director as the amounts are actuarially determined for the Company as a whole.

b) Figures for the previous year were paid to the Manager.


Mar 31, 2010

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, except as indicated in i below, on an accrual basis of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the applicable Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. The significant accounting policies adopted in the presentation of the Accounts are as under:

i. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed assets (other than buildings) are stated at purchase price and exchange differences arising on the conversion of foreign currency borrowings for the acquisition of ships from outside India at the year end date and exchange differences on the payment of those borrowings during the year are credited / debited to profit and loss account. Buildings have been revalued on 31st March 2002.

The Company depreciates its fleet of ships on a straight line basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. The cost of second hand ships and other capital additions thereto are depreciated with reference to their residual lives if such lives are lower than lives determined with reference to rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Other assets are depreciated on written down value basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on buildings has been provided on revalued amount. The additional depreciation on revaluation is recouped from the revaluation reserve.

ii. Investments

Investments are either classified as current or long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or market value. Long-term investments are carried at cost of acquisition, net of diminution in value, if any, which is other than temporary.

iii. Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is ascertained on a first-in-first-out basis.

iv. Unfinished Voyage

Unfinished voyages represent voyage charter earnings received, reduced by direct operating expenses, related to incomplete voyages as at the Balance Sheet date.

v. Revenue Recognition

Freight and demurrage earnings are recognised on a completed voyage basis. Time charter earnings are recognised in the year of accrual. Interest income is recognised on the time proportionate basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive such dividend is established.

vi. Insurance Claims

Insurance claims for damages to ships hull, machinery etc. are being accrued in the year of acceptance of the claim and are based on technical considerations.

vii. Employee Benefits

i) Short Term

Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the Company.

ii) Long Term

The Company has both defined-contribution and defined-benefit plans, of which some have assets in special funds or securities. The plans are financed by the Company and in the case of some defined contribution plans by the Company along with its employees.

a. Defined-contribution plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to the employees provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund. The Companys payments to the defined-contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employees perform the services that the payment covers.

b. Defined-benefit plans

Expenses for defined-benefit gratuity plans are calculated as at the balance sheet date by independent actuaries in a manner that distributes expenses over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discount rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on government bonds with a remaining term that is almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees. Actuarial gains and losses are immediately recognized in the profit and loss account.

iii) Other Employee Benefits

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid. Where there are restrictions on availment of encashment of such accrued benefit or where the availment or encashment is otherwise not expected to wholly occur in the next twelve months, the liability on account of the benefit is actuarially determined using the projected unit credit method. viii. Transactions in Foreign Currency

a. Foreign currency transactions are recorded on initial recognition by applying the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction at the commencement of the month in which the transaction takes place, if it approximates the actual rate on the date of the transaction. In other cases, the rates prevailing at the date of the transaction are used.

b. As at balance sheet date:

i) foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate;

ii) non monetary items that are carried at historical cost and denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and iii) non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

c. Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting an enterprises monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

ix. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. AH other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

x. Impairment of Assets

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Companys fixed assets. If any indication exists, an assets recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. Reversal of impairment loss is recognised immediately as income in the profit and loss account.

xi. Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the financial statement. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed.

xii. Taxes on Income

The Companys income taxes include taxes on the Companys taxable profits, fringe benefits tax, adjustment attributable to earlier periods and changes in deferred taxes. Valuation of all tax liabilities / receivables is conducted at nominal amounts and in accordance with enacted tax regulations and tax rates or in the case of deferred taxes, those that have been substantially enacted.

Deferred tax is calculated to correspond to the tax effect arising when final tax is determined. Deferred tax corresponds to the net effect of tax on all timing differences which occur as a result of items being allowed for income tax purposes during a period different from when they were recognised in the financial statements.

Deferred tax assets are recognised with regard to all deductible timing differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which deductible timing differences can be utilised. When the Company carries forward unused tax losses and unabsorbed depreciation, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date and reduced by the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or a part of the aggregate deferred tax asset to be utilised. 2. Staff Costs for the year ended 31st. March, 2010, include provision for employee benefits as given below consequent to the adoption of the revised Accounting Standard (AS) 15 on Employee Benefits: -

The amounts recognised in the balance sheet are as follows:

The Company has the Gratuity Fund administered and managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). The fair value of the plan assets are based on the LIC Fund balance position as at the balance sheet date. The composition and the categories of plan assets are unavailable with the Company.

The estimates of future salary increases, considered in actuarial valuation, take into account inflation, seniority, promotion and other relevant factors, such as supply and demand in the employment-market.

The contribution expected to be made by the Company during the financial year 2010-11 has not been ascertained.

As this is the fourth year in which the revised AS -15 has been applied, the amounts of the present value of the obligation, the fair value of the plan assets, surplus or deficit in the plan and experience adjustments arising on plan liabilities and plan assets for the previous one annual period have not been furnished.

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