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Accounting Policies of Cimmco Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1 Corporate Information

Cimmco limited (the Company) is a public company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the erstwhile Companies Act, 1956. Its shares are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange, National Stock Exchange and Calcutta Stock Exchange .The Company is engaged in the manufacturing and selling of freight wagons and engineering goods. The Company primarily caters to the domestic market. The registered office of the Company is located at 756, Anandapur, EM-Bypass, Kolkata - 700107.

These financial statements were authorized for issue in accordance with a resolution of the Directors on May 18,2017.

2 Basis of preparation

For all periods up to and including the year ended 31 March 2016, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with accounting standards notified under the section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (Indian GAAP).

These financial statements for the year ended March 31,2017 have been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards ("Ind-AS") consequent to the notification of The Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 (the Rules) (as amended) issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. These are the first Ind-AS financial statements of the Company, wherein the Company has prepared its Balance Sheet as at 1st April 2015 and financial statements for the year ended and as at31st March 2016 also as per Ind-AS.

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for certain items which are measured at fair value such as investment in equity shares, Preference shares issued by the Company etc. (refer accounting policy on financial instruments). 2.1 Significant accounting policies

a. Foreign Currency

Transactions in foreign currencies are initially recorded in functional currency by the Company at spot rates at the date of transaction. The Company''s functional currency is Indian Rupees.

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Foreign currency non-monetary items measured at historical cost are translated using the exchange rates at the dates of the initial transactions. Exchange differences arising on settlement or translation of monetary items are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

b. Revenue Recognition Sale of goods

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured, regardless of when the payment for them is made. Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods.

Excise duty is a liability of the manufacturer irrespective of whether the goods are sold or not. Hence, the recovery of excise duty flows to the Company on its own account and accordingly revenue includes excise duty. However, Sales tax/value added tax (VAT) are collected on behalf of the government and accordingly, it is excluded from revenue.

c. Taxes

Current income tax

Current income tax assets and liabilities are measured at the amount expected to be recovered from or paid to the taxation authorities. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date.

Current income tax relating to items recognized outside profit or loss is recognized outside profit or loss (either in other comprehensive income or in equity). Management periodically evaluates positions taken in the tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulations are subject to interpretation and establishes provisions where appropriate. Deferred tax

Deferred tax is provided using the liability method on temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes at the reporting date.

Deferred tax assets are recognized for all deductible temporary differences, the carry forward of unused tax credits and any unused tax losses. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilized. Unrecognized deferred tax assets are re-assessed at each reporting date and are recognized to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will allow the deferred tax asset to be recovered.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

For items recognized in Other Comprehensive Income or equity, deferred / current tax is also recognized in Other Comprehensive Income or equity.

d. Property, plant and equipment (PPE)

PPE is stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of purchase price inclusive of taxes, commissioning expenses, etc. up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Expenditure directly attributable to expansion projects is capitalized. Administrative, general overheads and other indirect expenditure (including borrowing costs) incurred during the project period which are not directly related to the project nor are incidental thereto, are expensed.

PPE awaiting disposal are valued at the lower of written down value and net realizable value and disclosed separately. Capital work-in-progress includes machinery to be installed and construction &erection materials lying in stock.

Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:

The Company has considered the residual values of the above assets at 5% of the original cost. It believes that these estimated useful lives and residual values are realistic and reflect fair approximation of the period over which the assets are likely to be used.

The residual values, useful lives and methods of depreciation of property, plant and equipment are reviewed at each financial yearend and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate.

An item of PPE and any significant part initially recognized is derecognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Any gain or loss arising on de-recognition of the asset (calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset) is included in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

e. Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Intangible assets with finite useful life are amortized over the useful economic life.

Gains or losses arising from de-recognition of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit or loss when the asset is derecognized.

f. Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the years in which they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds. Borrowing cost also includes exchange differences to the extent regarded as an adjustment to the borrowing costs.

g. Leases

The determination of whether an arrangement is (or contains) a lease is based on the substance of the arrangement at the inception of the lease. The arrangement is, or contains, a lease if fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets and the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset or assets, even if that right is not explicitly specified in an arrangement.

Company as a lessee

A lease is classified at the inception date as a finance lease or an operating lease. A lease that transfers substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership to the Company is classified as a finance lease.

Finance leases are capitalized at the commencement of the lease at the inception date fair value of the leased property or, if lower, at the present value of the minimum lease payments. A leased asset is depreciated over the useful life of the asset. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain ownership by the end of the lease term, the asset is depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset and the lease term.

Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

h. Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value.

Costs incurred in bringing each product to its present location and condition are accounted for as follows:

(i) Raw materials, Components, Stores and Spares: These are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, material and other items held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost includes cost of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

(ii) Finished goods and work in progress: These are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes cost of direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on the normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods also includes excise duty. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

i. Impairment of non-financial assets

The Company assesses, at each reporting date, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset''s recoverable amount. An asset''s recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or cash-generating units (CGU) fair value less costs of disposal and its value in use. Recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. When the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. j. Provisions General

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. The expense relating to a provision is recognized in the statement of profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre-tax rate that reflects, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as a finance cost.

Warranty provisions

Provisions for warranty-related costs are recognized when the product is sold. Initial recognition is based on historical experience i.e. claims received up to the year end and the management''s estimate of further liability to be incurred in this regard during the warranty period, computed on the basis of past trend of such claims. The initial estimate of warranty-related costs is revised annually.

Liquidated Damages

Liquidated damages on supply of materials are provided based on the contractual obligations or deduction made by the customers, as the case may be.

Onerous Contract

Provision is recognized for the contract, where unavoidable cost of meeting the obligation under the contract exceeds the economic benefits expected to be received. The unavoidable costs under a contract reflect the least net cost of exiting from the contract, which is the lower of the cost of fulfilling it and any compensation or penalties arising from failure to fulfill it. k. Retirement and other employee benefits

Retirement benefit in the form of provident fund is a defined contribution scheme. The Company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund. The Company recognizes contribution payable to the provident fund scheme as an expense, when an employee renders the related service.

Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method done at the end of each financial year.

Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method, done at the end of each financial year. Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next twelve months, is treated as short term employee benefit. The Company measures the expected cost of such absences as the additional amount that it expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the reporting date.

Re-measurements, comprising of actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the asset ceiling, excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability and the return on plan assets (excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability), are recognized immediately in the balance sheet with a corresponding debit or credit to retained earnings through OCI in the period in which they occur. Re-measurements are not reclassified to profit or loss in subsequent periods.

Net interest is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net defined benefit liability or asset. The Company recognizes the following changes in the net defined benefit obligation as an expense in the statement of profit and loss :

(i) Service costs comprising current service costs, past-service costs, gains and losses on curtailments and non-routine settlements; and

(ii) Net interest expense or income

In case of gratuity, current and noncurrent bifurcation is done as per Actuarial report.

l. Financial instruments

The Company recognizes financial assets and financial liabilities when it becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. All financial assets and liabilities are recognized at fair value on initial recognition, except for trade receivables which are initially measured at transaction price. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities, that are not measured at fair value through profit or loss, are added/deducted to the fair-value on initial recognition.

Subsequent measurement

Non-derivative financial instruments

(a) Financial assets carried at amortized cost

A financial asset is subsequently measured at amortized cost if it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

(b) Equity investments

All equity investments in scope of Ind AS 109 " Financial Instruments" are measured. For equity instruments, the Company may make an irrevocable election to present in other comprehensive income subsequent changes in the fair value. The Company makes such election on an instrument-by-instrument basis. The classification is made on initial recognition and is irrevocable.

Equity instruments included within the Fair Value through Profit and Loss (FVTPL) category are measured at fair value with all changes recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Equity investments in Subsidiaries are carried at Cost.

(c) Financial Liabilities

Financial liabilities are subsequently carried at amortized cost using the effective interest. For trade and other payables maturing within one year from the Balance Sheet date, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments.

(d) Compound Financial Instrument

Non-convertible non cumulative redeemable preference shares (NCNCRPS) are separated into liability and equity component based on the terms of the contract. On issuance of NCNCRPS, the fair value of the liability component is determined using a fair valuation principles as stated in IND AS 109. This amount is classified as financial liability measured at amortized cost until it is extinguished on redemption. The remainder of the proceeds is allocated to the benefit derived by the Company for obtaining the loan at below market rate of interest and is recognized in equity since it meets the criteria of equity as per IND AS 32 " Financial Instruments: Presentation". The carrying amount of such equity is not re-measured in subsequent years. Refer details of the NCNCRPS is note no. 14(a) of the financial statements.

De-recognition

A financial asset (or, where applicable, a part of a financial asset) is primarily derecognized when the rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired. A financial liability is de-recognized when obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expired.

Impairment of financial assets

In accordance with Ind AS 109, the Company applies expected credit loss (ECL) model for measurement and recognition of impairment loss.

Trade receivables or any contractual right to receive cash or another financial asset that result from transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 11 and Ind AS 18.

The Company follows ‘simplified approach ‘for recognition of impairment loss allowance on trade and other receivables.

The application of simplified approach does not require the Company to track changes in credit risk. Rather, it recognizes impairment loss allowance based on lifetime ECLs at each reporting date, right from its initial recognition. m. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalent in the balance sheet comprises cash at banks and on hand and short-term deposits with an original maturity of three months or less, which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

For the purpose of the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and short-term deposits, as defined above.

n. Earnings per share

Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss before OCI for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss before OCI for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

o. Segment reporting

The Company has identified only one operating segments viz, Wagons & Engineering Products. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which customers of the Company are located.

p. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

q. In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendment to Ind AS 7, ''Statement of cash flows''. The amendment is applicable from April 1, 2017. Amendment to Ind AS 7 :

The amendment to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the balance sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement. The company will adopt this amendment from its applicability date.

29. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING JUDGEMENTS, ESTIMATES AND ASSUMPTIONS

The preparation of the financial statements requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions, as described below, that affect the reported amounts and the disclosures.

There are no significant area involving high degree of judgment or complexity.

The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the reporting date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, are described below. The Company based its assumptions and estimates on parameters available when the financial statements were prepared. Existing circumstances and assumptions about future developments, however, may change due to market changes or circumstances arising that are beyond the control of the Company. Such changes are reflected in the assumptions when they occur.

(a) Employee benefit plans

The cost of the employment benefit plans and their present value are determined using actuarial valuations which involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. For further details refer to Note 30.

(b) Warranty

The Company estimates the provision for warranty based on past trend of sales. As at 31 March 2017, the estimated liability towards warranty amounted to approximately Rs. 18.19 lacs (March 31,2016: Rs 23.85 lacs, April 1,2015: Rs 9.99 lacs).

The provision towards warranty is not discounted as the management, based on past trend, expects to use the provision within twelve months after the Balance Sheet date.

(c) Expected Credit loss on lease rental receivable from Indian railways

The Company has measured and recognized expected credit loss (ECL) on lease rental receivable from Indian Railways as the management believes that such receivables being subject matter of arbitration would be collected over a longer period than the usual time required. The number of years that been considered for the purpose of discounting the cash flows is based on the past trend of other legal cases which were also subject matter of arbitration and was finally concluded at the Supreme Court''s level.

30. GRATUITY AND OTHER POST EMPLOYMENT BENEFIT PLANS

The Company has a defined benefit gratuity plan which is unfunded. Every employee who has completed five years or more of service is entitled to gratuity on terms not less favorable than the provisions of the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.

The Company also extends benefit of compensated absences to the employees, whereby they are eligible to carry forward their entitlement of earned leave for encashment. This is also an unfunded plan.

The following tables summaries the components of net benefit/ expense recognized in the statement of profit and loss and the balance sheet for the respective plans.


Mar 31, 2016

1. Corporate information

Cimmco Limited (the Company) is a public company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and existing under Companies Act 2013. Its shares are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange. The Company is engaged in the manufacturing and selling of wagons and engineering goods. The Company primarily caters to the domestic market.

2. Summary of Significant accounting policies

a) Basis of preparation

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention except in case of assets for which revaluation is carried out. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those used in the previous year, except for the changes in accounting policy explained below.

b) Changes in accounting policy Component Accounting

The Company has adopted component accounting as required under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 from 1 April 2015. The Company was previously not identifying components of fixed asset separately for depreciation purposes; rather, a single useful life/ depreciation rate was used to depreciate each item of fixed asset.

Due to application of Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, the Company has changed the manner of depreciation for its fixed asset. Now, the Company identifies and determines cost of each component/ part of the asset separately, if the component/ part has a cost which is significant to the total cost of the asset having useful life that is materially different from that of the remaining asset. These components are depreciated over their useful lives; the remaining asset is depreciated over the life of the principal asset. The Company has used transitional provisions of Schedule II to adjust the impact of component accounting arising on its first application. If a component has zero remaining useful life on the date of component accounting becoming effective, i.e., 1 April 2015, its carrying amount, after retaining any residual value, is charged to the statement of profit and loss. The carrying amount of other components, i.e., components whose remaining useful life is not nil on 1 April 2015, is depreciated over their remaining useful lives.

There are no fixed assets identified wherein the component/ part has a cost which is significant to the total cost of the asset having useful life that is materially different from that of the remaining asset, hence there is no impact in financial statements due to above change in accounting policy.

c) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

d) Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of acquisition comprises of purchase price inclusive of duties (net of Cenvat/VAT), taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning/trial run expenses and borrowing cost etc, up to the date the assets are ready for intended use.

In case of revaluation of tangible fixed assets, the original cost as written up by the approved valuers is considered in the accounts and the differential amount is credited to revaluation reserve.

Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use, as per technical assessment, is expected to be irregular, are capitalized and depreciated over the residual life of the respective assets. Capital work-in-progress includes machinery to be installed and construction &erection materials lying in stock.

Gains or losses arising from de-recognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized. The Company identifies and determines cost of components significant to the total cost of the asset having useful life that is materially different from that of the remaining life.

e) Intangibles

Research costs are expensed as and when incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the Company can demonstrate all the following :

- The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale

- Its intention to complete the asset

- Its ability to use or sell the asset

- How the asset will generate future economic benefits

- The availability of adequate resources to complete the development and to use or sell the asset

- The ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during development.

Development expenditure recognized as an intangible asset is amortized on a straight line basis over the period of expected future sales from the related project, not exceeding ten years. The carrying value of development costs is reviewed for impairment annually when the asset is not yet in use, or otherwise when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

Computer software’s not being part of the hardware operating system, are assessed to have a useful life of 3 years and are capitalized as intangible fixed assets.

f) Depreciation & Amortization on tangible & intangible fixed assets

Tangible Assets

Leasehold land is amortized on a straight line basis over the period of lease, i.e., 99 years.

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives estimated by the management. The identified components are depreciated over their useful life. The remaining asset is depreciated over the life of principle assets which is in line with the useful lives as mentioned in Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013. The Company has used the following rates to provide depreciation on its fixed assets.

The management has estimated, supported by independent assessment by professionals, the useful lives of certain components of assets as 1 year to 10 years which are lower than those indicated in schedule II.

Intangible Assets

Computer software’s capitalized as intangible fixed assets are amortized over their useful life of 3 years on a straight line basis.

g) Leases

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased items, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are recognized as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized.

Leases where the less or effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

h) Borrowing costs

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

i) Impairment of tangible and intangible fixed assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment based on the internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which is the greater of the assets'' net selling price and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

Impairment losses are recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.

A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on the changes in circumstances. However the

carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment. j) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date on which such investments are made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss. k) Inventories

Raw materials & Components and Stores & spares Parts are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of finished goods are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost include expenses incidental to procurement thereof and determined on a weighted average basis.

Goods under process and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials, labour cost and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on the normal operating capacity. The cost of Finished goods and goods under process is determined on a weighted average basis. Cost of finished goods also includes excise duty. Obsolete/damaged stores and saleable scraps are valued at estimated net realizable value.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

l) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

In case of sale of goods, revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of goods have passed to the buyer. Sales are net of returns, claims, trade discounts etc.

Sales exclude sales tax and value added tax (VAT) which are collected by the Company on behalf of the State Governments and deposited to the credit of the respective State Governments. Excise duty deducted from revenue is the amount that is included in the revenue and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

Interest Income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. m) Foreign Currency Transactions Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are initially recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined. Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on restatement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise. Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes

The premium or discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contract is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or expense for the year. n) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident and Superannuation funds are defined contribution schemes and the contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when an employee renders the related service. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds. Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial period.

Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method, made at the end of each financial period. Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next twelve months is treated as short term employee benefit. The Company measures the expected cost of such absences as the additional amount that it expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the reporting date.

Actuarial gains/losses are taken to Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

o) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred taxes.

Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. If the Company has carry forward unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount ofa deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available. p) Segment Reporting

Identification of segments

The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Inter Segment transfers

The Company accounts for inter segment transfers at prevailing market prices.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment on case to case basis by applying the ratio, appropriate to each relevant case.

Unallocated items

Revenue and expenses which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, are included under the head "Unallocated - Common" Segment accounting policies

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole. q) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares). For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period, are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. r) Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate.

Provision for product related warranties cost is based on the claims received up to the year end as well as the management''s estimates of further liability to be incurred in this regard during the warranty period.

Liquidated damages on supply of materials are provided based on the contractual obligations or deduction made by the customers, as the case may be.

Provision is recognized for the contract, where unavoidable cost of meeting the obligation under the contract exceeds the economic benefits expected to be received. The unavoidable costs under a contract reflect the least net cost of exiting from the contract, which is the lower of the cost of fulfilling it and any compensation or penalties arising from failure to fulfill it. s) Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

t) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise of cash on hand, cash at bank and fixed deposits with an original maturity of three months or less. u) Excise duty & custom duty

Excise duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factories as on the balance sheet date. Similarly, customs duty on imported materials in transit/lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of import / bonding of materials.

v) Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss)forth year excluding depreciation &amortization expenses, interest income, finance costs and tax expenses.

b) Terms/rights attached to equity shares

The Company has only one class of equity shares having par value of Rs. 10 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

c) Terms of NCNCRPS

The Company had issued 400 lacs of8% NCNCRPS of Rs. 10each fully paid-up at par during the year ended 31 March 2015. NCNCRPS carry non cumulative dividend @ 8% p.a. Each holder of NCNCRPS is entitled to one vote per share only on the resolutions placed at general meetings which directly affect the rights attached to NCNCRPS. The company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

NCNCRPS are redeemable at par within 5 years from the date of issue i.e. Rs 2,500.00 lacs by June 27, 2019 and Rs 1,500.00 lacs by July 7,2019.


Mar 31, 2015

1. Corporate information

Cimmco Limited (the Company) is a public company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and existing under Companies Act 2013. Its shareware listed on Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange. The Company is engaged in the manufacturing and selling of wagons and engineering goods. The Company primarily caters to the domestic market 2 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

a) Basis of preparation

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAPJ. The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention, except in case of assets for which revaluation is carried out. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those used in the previous year, except for the change in accounting policy explained below

b) Change in accounting policy Depreciation on fixed assets

Till the year ended 31 March 2014, Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, prescribed requirements concerning depreciation of fixed assets. From the current year, Schedule XIV has been replaced by Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.Theapplicability of Schedule II has resulted in the following changes related to depreciation of fixed assets. Unless stated otherwise, the impact mentioned for the current year is likely to hold good for future years also. (i) Useful lives /depreciation rates

Till the year ended 31 March 2014, depreciation rates prescribed under Schedule XIV were treated as minimum rates and the Company was not allowed to charge depreciation at lower rates even if such lower rates were justified by the estimated useful life of the asset. Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013 prescribes useful lives for fixed assets which, in many cases, are different from lives prescribed under the erstwhile Schedule XIV However, Schedule II allows companies to use higher/ lower useful lives and residual values if such useful lives and residual values can be technically supported and justification for difference is disclosed in the financial statements. Considering the applicability of Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013, the management has re-estimated useful lives and residual values of all its fixed assets and accordingly the depreciation charge for the current year is higher by Rs 149.28 lacs as compared to the previous year. Further, based on transitional provision provided in Note 7(b) of Schedule II, an amount of Rs 87.10 lacs has been adjusted with opening retained earnings. The management believes that depreciation rates currently used fairly reflect its estimate of the useful lives and residual values of fixed assets. (ii) Accounting for additional depreciation on account of revaluation of fixed assets

On March 31 2011, the Company revalued all its land and buildings existing as on that date Till year ended 31 March 2014, the Guidance Note on Treatment of Reserve Created on Revaluation of Fixed Assets issued by the ICAI allowed companies to transfer an amount equivalent to the additional depreciation arising due to upward revaluation of fixed assets from revaluation reserve to the statement of profit and loss. Accordingly, the Company was transferring an amount equivalent to additional depreciation arising due to upward revaluation of building from revaluation reserve to the statement of profit and loss. In contrast, Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 applicable from the current year, states that depreciable amount of an asset is the cost of an asset or other amount substituted for cost. Hence, in case of revalued assets, depreciation computed on the revalued amount needs to be charged to the statement of profit and loss, without any recoupment from revaluation reserve. Consequently, to comply with the Schedule II requirement, the Company has discontinued the practice of recouping the impact of additional depreciation from revaluation reserve. The management has decided to apply the revised accounting policy prospectively from accounting periods commencing on or after 1 April 2014.

On disposal of a previously revalued item of fixed asset, the difference between net disposal proceeds and the net book value is charged or credited to the profit and loss statement except that, to the extent such a loss is related to an increase which was previously recorded as a credit to revaluation reserve and which has not been subsequently reversed or utilized, it is charged directly to that account The amount standing in revaluation reserve following the retirement or disposal of an asset which relates to that asset is transferred to general reserve.

Had the Company continued its earlier policy of recouping the additional depreciation arising due to upward revaluation of fixed assets from the reserve created on revaluation of fixed assets, losses for the current year would have been lower by Rs 113.55 lacs. However, the change in accounting policy did not have any impact on the reserves and surplus balance as at 31 March 2015.

c) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

d) Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of acquisition comprises of purchase price inclusive of duties (net of Cenvat), taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning/trial run expenses and borrowing cost etc, up to the date the assets are ready for intended use.

In case of revaluation of tangible fixed assets, the original cost as written up by the approved valuers is considered in the accounts and the differential amount is credited to revaluation reserve.

Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use, as per technical assessment, is expected to be irregular, are capitalized and depreciated over the residual life of the respective assets. Capital work-in-progress includes machinery to be installed and construction & erection materials lying in stock.

e) Depreciation & Amortization on tangible & Intangible fixed assets

Tangible Assets

Leasehold Land is amortized on a straight line basis over the period of lease, i.e. 99 years.

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives estimated by the management which is line with the useful lives as mentioned in Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013. The Company has used the following rates to provide depreciation on its fixed assets.

Useful life (years) Factory buildings 30

Other buildings 60

Plant and equipments 15

Furniture and fixtures 10

Office equipment 3-5

Vehicles 8

Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the period, is provided on pro-rata basis with reference to the date of addition/disposal. Intangible Assets Computer software,s capitalized as intangible fixed assets are amortized over their useful life of 3 years on a straight line basis.

f) Leases

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are recognized as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized. Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight- line basis over the lease term.

g) Borrowing costs

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

h) Impairment of tangible and intangible fixed assets The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which is the greater of the net selling price of the assets and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

Impairment losses are recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over their remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

i) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

j) Inventories

Raw materials & Components and Stores & spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of finished goods are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis. Goods under process and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials, labour cost and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on the normal operating capacity. The cost of finished goods and goods under process is determined on a weighted average basis Cost of finished goods also includes excise duty. Obsolete/damaged stores and saleable scraps are valued at estimated net realizable value.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

k! Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on dispatch of goods to customers, which is incidental to transfer of significant risk and reward of ownership. Sales are net of returns, claims, trade discounts etc.

Sales exclude sales tax and value added tax (VAT) which are collected by the Company on behalf of the State Governments and deposited to the credit of the respective State Governments. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

Income from services

Revenue from Services are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered.

Interest

Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable

I) Foreign Currency Transactions Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are initially recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined. Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on restatement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise

m) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance are defined contribution schemes and the contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when an employee renders the related service. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial period. Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method, made at the end of each financial period. Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next twelve months is treated as short term employee benefit. Actuarial gains/losses are taken to Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

n) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred taxes. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits. At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

o) Segment Reporting

Identification of segments

The Company's operating business are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided/with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment on case to case basis by applying the ratio, appropriate to each relevant case.

Revenue and expenses which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, are included under the head "Unallocated - Common". The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

p) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period, are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

q) Provisions & Contingencies

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate.

Provision for product related warranties cost is based on the claims received up to the year end as well as the management's estimates of further liability to be incurred in this regard during the warranty period.

Liquidated damages on supply of materials are provided based on the contractual obligations or deduction made by the customers, as the case may be.

Provision is recognized for the contract, where unavoidable cost of meeting the obligation under the contract exceeds the economic benefits expected to be received. The unavoidable costs under a contract reflect the least net cost of exiting from the contract, which is the lower of the cost of fulfilling it and any compensation or penalties arising from failure to fulfill it. A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

r) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise of cash on hand, cash at bank and fixed deposits with an original maturity of three months or less.

s) Excise duty & custom duty

Excise duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factories as on the balance sheet date. Similarly, customs duty on imported materials in transit / lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of import / bonding of materials.

t) Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/ subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is netted off from the related expense over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate.

Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted from the gross value of the asset concerned in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset. u) Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss)for the year excluding depreciation and amortization expense, interest income, finance costs, tax expense and exceptional items.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of preparation

The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 read with General Circular 8/2014 dated 4th April 2014 issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accural basis except in case of assets for which revaluation is carried out. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c) Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of acquisition comprises of purchase price inclusive of duties (net of Cenvat), taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning/trial run expenses and borrowing cost etc, up to the date the assets are ready for intended use.

In case of revaluation of tangible fixed assets, the original cost as written up by the approved valuers is considered in the accounts and the differential amount is credited to revaluation reserve.

Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use, as per technical assessment, is expected to be irregular, are capitalized and depreciated over the residual life of the respective assets. Tangible fixed assets awaiting disposal are valued at the lower of written down value and net realizable value and disclosed separately.

Capital work-in-progress includes machinery to be installed and construction & erection materials lying in stock.

d) Depreciation & Amortisation on tangible & intangible fixed assets

Tangible Assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 or at rates determined based on the useful life of the assets estimated by the management, whichever is higher. The management''s estimate of useful life coincides with Schedule XIV rates.

Additional depreciation arising due to revaluation of tangible fixed assets is adjusted against Revaluation Reserve.

Leasehold Land is amortized over the period of lease i.e. 99 years.

Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the period, is provided on pro-rata basis with reference to the date of addition/disposal.

Intangible Assets

Computer softwares capitalized as intangible fixed assets are amortised over their useful life of 3 years on a straight line basis.

e) Leases

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are recognized as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized. Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight- line basis over the lease term.

f) Borrowing costs

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

g) Impairment of tangible and intangible fixed assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which is the greater of the net selling price of the assets and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

Impairment losses, including impairment on inventories, are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over their remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

h) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

i) Inventories

Raw materials & Components and Stores & spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of finished goods are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis. Goods under process and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials, labour cost and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on the normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty and is determined on a weighted average basis. Cost of finished goods also includes excise duty. Obsolete/damaged stores and saleable scraps are valued at estimated net realizable value.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

j) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on dispatch of goods to customers, which is incidental to transfer of significant risk and reward of ownership. Sales are net of returns, claims, trade discounts etc.

Sales exclude sales tax and value added tax (VAT) which are collected by the Company on behalf of theState Governments and deposited to the credit of the respective State Governments. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year. Income from services

Revenue from Services are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered.

Interest

Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

k! Foreign Currency Transactions Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are initially recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on restatement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

I) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance are defined contribution schemes and the contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when an employee renders the related service. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial period. Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method, made at the end of each financial period. Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next twelve months is treated as short term employee benefit. Actuarial gains/losses are taken to Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

m) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred taxes. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlieryears.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available

against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if thereis virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits. At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

n) Segment Reporting

Identification of segments

The Company''s operating business are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Allocation of common costs Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment on case to case basis by applying the ratio, appropriate to each relevant case.

Revenue and expenses which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, are included under the head "Unallocated-Common" The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

o) Earning per share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period, are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

p) Provisions & Contingencies

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement (without being discounted to their present value) are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

Contingent liabilities are not provided for and are disclosed by way of notes.

Provision for product related warranties cost is based on the claims received upto the year end as well as the management''s estimates of further liability to be incurred in this regard during the warranty period.

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

q) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents as indicated in the cash flow statement comprise of cash on hand, cash at bank and fixed deposits with an original maturity of three months or less.

r) Liquidated Damages

Liquidated damages on supply of materials are provided based on the contractual obligations or deduction made by the customers, as the case may be.

s) Excise duty & custom duty

Excise duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factories as on the balance sheet date. Similarly, customs duty on imported materials in transit / lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of import / bonding of materials.

t) Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/ subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is netted off from the related expense over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate.

Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted from the gross value of the asset concerned in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset. u) Measurement of EBIDTA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss)fortheyearexcluding depreciation and amortization expense, finance costs, tax expense and exceptional items.

a) Reconciliation of the shares outstanding at the beginning and at the end of the reporting period

There is no movement in the share capital during the current year and previous year.

b) Terms/rights attached to equity shares

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10/- per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend, if any, proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares wiN be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company in proportion to the number of equity shares held by them.

As per records of the Company, including its register of shareholders/ members and other declarations received from shareholders regarding beneficial interest, the above shareholding represents both legal and beneficial ownerships of shares.

-The classification of provisions for employee benefits into long term / short term have been done by the actuary of the Company based upon estimated amount of cash outflow during the next twelve months from the balance sheet date.

Notes:

a) Cash credits and Buyers credit from banks are secured by first pari passu charge over all current assets, both present and future and also by a second pari passu charge over the entire fixed assets of the Company (excluding land at Gwalior). The cash credit is repayable on demand and carry an interest @13% to 14% p.a. Buyers'' Credit carry an interest @ 6 months Libor plus 350 basis points and is repayable by 4th August 2014.

b) In case of loan from Exim Bank, the Board For Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR) has at the request of EXIM Bank, granted permission for recovery of their outstanding loan amount from the Company based on the decision of the Court of Appeal without any interest and penalty. Pending finalisation of the aforesaid appeal, the amount has not been considered as due for payment.

Notes:

As per information available with the Company, there are no suppliers covered under Micro, Small & Medium Enterprise Development Act, 2006. As a result, no interest provision/payment have been made by the Company to such creditors, if any, and no disclosure thereof is made in these accounts.

Note:

Land freehold and leasehold of the Company aggregating to Rs. 1,136.01 lacs (Gross block) as on 31 st March 2011 were revalued by approved valuers on Replacement Cost basis and the net increase of Rs. 14,646.57 lacs was transferred to Revaluation Reserve. In accordance with the option given in the Guidance Note on Accounting for Depreciation in Companies, the Company recoups such additional depreciation out of revaluation reserve.

-Includes the following:

i) Rs 3,952.35 Lacs (Rs 3,952.35 Lacs) recoverable from Indian Railway ("Railways") on account of differential sub lease rental for the leased wagons for the period 1997-98 to 2008-09, net of Rs 1316.84 Lacs, being the cost of wheel sets to be returned to the Railways . The matter is under arbitration and the Company is in active pursuit to recover the balances in response to a past offer of settlement by the Indian Railways. The management is hopeful to recover the amount in full. ii) Rs 203.97 Lacs (Rs 203.97 Lacs) due from SBI Capital Markets Limited (SBI Caps) on account of Company''s share of lease rental. The amount is retained by SBI Caps due to certain tax disallowances, which are contested by SBI Caps separately. Further, SBI Caps has claimed Rs 1,128.95 Lacs, being the amount of such disallowance from the Company which as per lease and sub lease arrangement with SBI Caps and Indian Railways is recoverable from Indian Railway on back to back basis and hence included in the contingent liabilities as indicated in Note 29.

The Company is persuing the matter with SBI Caps and is hopeful to recover the dues. ill) Rs. 743.02 Lacs, net of Rs. 150.00 Lacs received under guarantee given by the Company, (Rs. 893.02 Lacs) recoverable from National Insurance Company Limited (NICL) towards insurance claims in terms of an order passed by the Hon''ble High Court of Delhi in favour of the Company.

NICL has referred the matter to the Honb''le Supreme Court. The management is taking necessary steps to recover the above claim amount and is certain about the realization of the total outstanding amount.

(a) The consumption figures shown above are after adjusting excess and shortages, if any, on physical count, unserviceable items, etc and net off discount received on purchases. Further the above does not include materials received from customers on free supply basis.

(b) It is not practicable to furnish information in view of the large number of items which differ in size and nature; each however, being less than 10% in value of the total consumption figures.

During the current year, the Company and Asset Reconstruction Company (India) Limited (ARCIL) have entered into a settlement with respect to the disputed demand of Rs. 1325 lacs plus interest and liquidated damages being claimed by ARCIL towards its past financial assistance to the Company. In terms of the said settlement, the Company has to pay an amount of Rs. 1250 lacs in twelve monthly installments beginning from September 15,2013. Necessary provision for such amount of settlement has been done in these accounts and is disclosed as "Exceptional Items". With this settlement, all pending disputes with ARCIL stand resolved and settled and there remains no dispute or claim/demand by ARCIL against the Company.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified by the Companies''Accounting Standards Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis, under the historical cost convention, except for certain fixed assets which are revalued. The accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c) Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of acquisition comprises of purchase price inclusive of duties (net of Cenvat), taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning/trial run expenses and borrowing cost etc, up to the date the assets are ready for intended use.

In case of revaluation of tangible fixed assets, the original cost as written up by the approved valuers is considered in the accounts and the differential amount is credited to revaluation reserve.

Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use, as per technical assessment, is expected to be irregular, are capitalized and depreciated over the residual life of the respective assets. Tangible fixed assets awaiting disposal are valued at the lower of written down value and net realizable value and disclosed separately.

Capital work-in-progress includes machinery to be installed and construction & erection materials lying in stock.

d) Depreciation & Amortisation on tangible & intangible fixed assets

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the useful lives of the fixed assets estimated by the management, or at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 whichever is higher.

Depreciation on revalued assets is provided at the rates specified in Section 205(2) (b) of The Companies Act, 1956. However, in less than their useful life under Section 205, depreciation is provided at the higher rate, to ensure the amortization of these assets over their life determined by the valuer. Additional depreciation arising due to revaluation of tangible fixed assets is adjusted against Revaluation Reserve. Leasehold Land is amortized over the period of lease. Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the period, is provided on pro-rata basis with reference to the date of addition/disposal.

Computer softwares capitalized as intangible are amortised

over their useful life of 5 years.

e) Intangibles

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses, if any. Computer softwares not being part of the hardware operating system, are assessed to have a useful life of 5 years and are capitalized as intangible fixed assets.

f) Leases

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are recognized as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized. If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of estimated useful life or the lease term.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight- line basis over the lease term.

g) Borrowing costs

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

h) Impairment of tangible and intangible fixed assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which is the greater of the net selling price of the assets and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

Impairment losses of continuing operations, including impairment on inventories, are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over their remaining useful life. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

i) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

j) Inventories

Raw materials & Components and Stores & spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of finished goods are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis. Goods under process and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials, labour cost and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on the normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty and is determined on a weighted average basis. Obsolete/damaged stores and saleable scraps are valued at estimated net realizable value.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

k Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on dispatch of goods to customers, which is incidental to transfer of significant risk and reward of ownership. Sales are net of returns, claims, trade discounts etc.

Sales exclude sales tax and value added tax (VAT) which are collected by the Company on behalf of theState Governments and deposited to the credit of the respective State Governments. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

Income from services

Revenue from Services are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered.

Interest

Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

I) Foreign Currency Transactions Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on restatement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

m) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance are defined contribution schemes and the contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when an employee renders the related service. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial period. Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method, made at the end of each financial period. Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next twelve months is treated as short term employee benefit. Actuarial gains/losses are taken to Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

n) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current, deferred and prior year tax expenses, if any. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlieryears.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if thereis virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits. At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

o) Segment Reporting

Identification of segments

The Company''s operating business are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment on case to case basis by applying the ratio, appropriate to each relevant case.

Revenue and expenses which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, are included under the head "Unallocated-Common" The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

p) Earning per share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period, are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

q) Provisions & Contingencies

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement (without being discounted to their present value) are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of

past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements. Contingent liabilities are not provided for and are disclosed by way of notes.

Provision for product related warranties cost is based on the claims received upto the year end as well as the management''s estimates of further liability to be incurred in this regard during the warranty period.

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. TheCompany does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

r) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents as indicated in the cash flow statement comprise of cash on hand, cash at bank and fixed deposits with an original maturity of three months or less.

s) Liquidated Damages

Liquidated damages on supply of materials are provided based on the contractual obligations or deduction made by the customers, as the case may be.

t) Excise duty & custom duty

Excise duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factories as on the balance sheet date. Similarly, customs duty on imported materials in transit / lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of import / bonding of materials.

u) Measurement of EBIDTA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss) for the year excluding depreciation and amortization expense, finance costs, tax expense and exceptional items.

v) Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/ subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is netted off from the related expense over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate.

Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted from the gross value of the asset concerned in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified by the Companies' Accounting Standards Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis, under the historical cost convention, except for certain fixed assets which are revalued. The accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in the previous year, except for 'b' below.

b) Change in accounting policy

Presentation and disclosure of financial statements During the year ended March 31,2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956 has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous period figures in accordance with the Revised Schedule VI requirement applicable in the current year.

c) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from the see estimates.

d) Tangible fixe desserts

Tangible fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of acquisition comprises of purchase price inclusive of duties (net of Cenvat), taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning/trial run expenses and borrowing costs etc, up to the date the assets are ready for intended use.

In case of revaluation of tangible fixed assets, the original cost as written up by the approved values is considered in the accounts and the differential amount is credited to revaluation reserve.

Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use, as per technical assessment, is expected to be irregular, are capitalized and depreciated over there sidewall life of the respective assets.

Tangible fixed assets awaiting disposal are valued at the lower of written down value and net realizable value and disclosed separately.

Capital work-in-progress includes machinery to be installed and construction &erection materials lying in stock.

e) Depreciation & Amortization on tangible & Intangible fixed assets

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the useful lives of the fixed assets estimated by the management, or at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 whichever is higher.

Depreciation on revalued assets is provided at the rates specified in Section 205(2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956. However in case of fixed assets whose life is determined by the valuer to be less than their useful life under Section 205, depreciation is provided at the higher rate, to ensure the amortization of these assets over their life determined by the valuer.

Additional depreciation arising due to revaluation of tangible fixed assets is adjusted against Revaluation Reserve.

Leasehold Land is amortized over the period of lease. Depreciation on fixed assets added / disposed off during the period, is provided on pro-rata basis with reference to the date of addition /disposal.

Computer software's capitalized as intangible are amortized over their useful lifeof5years.

f) Intangibles

Research costs are expensed as and when incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project are carried forward when its future recoverability can reasonably be regarded as assured. Any expenditure carried forward is amortized over the period of expected future sales from the related project, not exceeding ten years.

The carrying value of development costs is reviewed for impairment annually when the asset is not yet in use, or otherwise when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

Computer software's not being part of the hardware operating system, are assessed to have a useful life of 5 years and are capitalized as intangible fixed assets.

g) Leases

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charged directly against income. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs recapitalized.

If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end often lease term, capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of estimated useful life or the lease term.

Leases where the less or effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

h) Borrowing costs

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as par to the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

i) Impairment of tangible and in tangible fixed assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance Sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which is the greater of the net selling price of the assets and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weight edaverage cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over their remaining use full life.

A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

j) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

k) Inventories

Raw materials &Components and Stores & spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of finished goods are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

Goods under process and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials, lab our cost and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on the normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty and is determined on weighted average basis.

Obsolete/damaged stores and saleable scraps are valued at estimated net realizable value.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale. l) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on dispatch of goods to customers, which is incidental to transfer of significant risk and reward of ownership. Sales are net of returns, claims, discounted.

Income from Services

Revenues from Services are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered.

Interest

Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. m) Foreign Currency Transactions Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on restatement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

n) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance are defined contribution schemes and the contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial period.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method, made at the end of each financial period.

Actuarial gains/losses are taken to Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

o) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current, deferred and prior year tax expenses, if any.

Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. If the Company has carry forward unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier periods are re-assessed and recognized to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

p) Segment Reporting

Identification of segments

The Company's operating business are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business sun it that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment on case to case basis by applying the ratio, appropriate to each relevant case.

Revenue and expenses which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, are included under the head "Unallocated - Common"

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

q) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period, are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

r) Provisions& Contingencies

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement (without being discounted to their present value) are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an out flow of resources and are liable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements. Contingent liabilities are not provided for and are disclosed by way of Notes.

Provision for product related warranties cost is based on the claims received up to the year end as well as the management's estimates of further liability to be incurred in this regard during the warranty period.

s) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents as indicated in the cash flow statement comprise of cash on hand, cash at bank and fixed deposits with an original maturity of three months or less.

t) Liquidated Damages

Liquidated damages on supply of materials are provided based on the contractual obligations or deduction made by the customers, as the case may be.

u) Excise duty& custom duty

Excise duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factories as on the balance sheet date. Similarly, customs duty on imported materials in transit / lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of import / bonding of materials.

v) Measurement of EBIDTA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) for the year excluding depreciation and amortization expense, finance costs, tax expense and exceptional items.

w) Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized When there is reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is netted off from the related expense over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate.

Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted from the gross value of the asset concerned in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.


Jun 30, 2010

(a) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, except for certain fixed assets which are revalued. This have been done on an accrual basis. The accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in the previous year.

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

(c) Fixed Asstes

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairmerit, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price inclusive of duties (net of CENVATA/AT), taxes, incidental expenses and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition and intended use adjusted by revaluation of certain fixed assets. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also capitalised, to the extent they relate to the period tin such assets are ready to be put to use.

Capital work-in-progress includes machinery to be installed, construction arjd erection materials and capital advances.

Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and of which use as per technical assessment is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the residual life of the respective assets.

(d) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are reported at cost less accumulated amortization. Amortization is charged on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. The estimated useful life is reviewed at the end of each annual reporting period witr, the effect of any change in estimate being accounted for on a prospective basis.

Software not being part of.the hardware operating system are assessed to have a useful life span of 5 years.

(e) Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV. to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on fixed assets added/disposed off during the year, is provided on pro-rata basis with reference to the date of addition /disposal.

Leasehold Land is amortized over the period of lease.

(f) Impairment of Fixed Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment nased on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its -ecu-lerable amount which is the greater of the net selling price of the assets and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over their remaining useful life

A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usuai depreciation it there was no impairment.

(g) Leases

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(h) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to

recognize a decline other than temporary in. the value of the Investments.

(i) Inventories

Closing stock of raw materials, stores and spares, finished and semi-finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of inventories is ascertained on First in First Out basis. Materials and other supplies held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Cost in respect of raw materials and stores and spares include expenses incidental to procurement thereof.

Cost in respect of finished goods represents prime cost and includes appropriate portion of overhead cost and excise duty.

Cost in respect of work in progress represents costs upto the stage of completion.

Scraps and byproducts are valued at net realizable value.

j) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. In case of sale of goods, revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of goods have passed to the buyer. Revenue is recognized inclusive of excise duty and exclusive of value added tax (VAT).

(k) Interest Income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(I) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident and Superannuation Funds are defined contribution plans and are paid to appropriate authorities and charged to Profit and Loss Account on accrual basis. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to respective authorities.

Gratuity, a defined benefit plan, is provided for based on actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss account as income or expenses.

Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation made at the year end using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss account as income or expenses.

(m) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Defeired tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises unrecognised deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

(n) Provisions and Contingencies

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurernent (without being discounted to its present value) are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements. Contingent liabilities are not provided for and are disclosed by way of notes.

(o) Segment Reporting

Identification of Segments

Primary Segments

The primary business segments based on the Companys products have been identified as follows:

Wagon Building: Consists of manufacturing of wagons as per customers specification Engineering & Project Business: Consists of Heavy Fabrication work relating to Hydro-Mechanical projects, etc.

Others: Consists of miscellaneous business comprising of less than 10% revenue and include transaction relating to Lease/ Sub-

Lease of wagons. Geographical Segment

The Company primarily operates in India and therefore the analysis of geographical segment is not applicable to the Company.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment on case to case basis by applying the ratio appropriate to each relevant case. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, are included under the head "Unallocated -Common".

(p) Earning per share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or toss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period, are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(q) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the balance sheet comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

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