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Accounting Policies of Future Consumer Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1. General Information about the Company

Future Consumer Limited (“the Company”) is a Company incorporated in India on 10th July 1996, under the name “Subhikshith Finance and Investments Limited”. The name of the Company was changed to “Future Ventures India Private Limited” with effect from 9th August 2007 and it became a Public Limited Company with effect from 7th September 2007 as “Future Ventures India Limited”. The shares of the Company are listed on the National Stock Exchange Limited and BSE Limited since 10th May 2011. The name of the Company was changed to “Future Consumer Enterprise Limited” w.e.f. 30th September 2013 and then to “Future Consumer Limited” effective from 13th October 2016. The Company is engaged in the business of sourcing, manufacturing, branding, marketing and distribution of fast moving consumer goods (“FMCG”), Food and Processed Food Products in Urban and Rural India. Earlier, the Company was regulated by the Reserve Bank of India (the “RBI”) as a non-deposit taking Non-Banking Financial Company (“NBFC”). The RBI in terms of application made by the Company has vide its order passed on 21st July 2015 cancelled the Certificate of Registration granted to the Company. Consequently, the Company ceased to be an NBFC.

2. Revised Indian Accounting Standard (“Ind AS”) issued but not effective

In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendments to Ind AS 102, ‘Share-based payment’ (“Ind AS 102”) and Ind AS 7, ‘Statement of cash flows’ (“Ind AS 7”). The amendments are applicable to the Company from 1st April 2017.

Amendments to Ind AS 102 Classification and measurement of Share-based Payment Transactions

The amendments clarify the following:

1. In estimating the fair value of a cash-settled share-based payment, the accounting for the effects of vesting and non-vesting conditions should follow the same approach as for equity-settled share-based payments.

2. Where tax law or regulation requires an entity to withhold a specified number of equity instruments equal to the monetary value of the employee’s tax obligation to meet the employee’s tax liability which is then remitted to the tax authority, i.e. the share-based payment arrangement has a ‘net settlement feature’, such an arrangement should be classified as equity-settled in its entirety, provided that the share-based payment would have been classified as equity-settled had it not included the net settlement feature.

3. A modification of a share-based payment that changes the transaction from cash-settled to equity-settled should be accounted for as follows:

(i) the original liability is derecognized;

(ii) the equity-settled share-based payment is recognized at the modification date fair value of the equity instrument granted to the extent that services have been rendered up to the modification date; and

(iii) any difference between the carrying amount of the liability at the modification date and the amount recognized in equity should be recognized in profit and loss immediately.

The amendments are effective for annual reporting periods beginning on or after 1st April 2017. The directors of the Company do not anticipate that the application of the amendments in the future will have a significant impact on the financial statements as the Company does not have any cash-settled share-based payment arrangements or any withholding tax arrangement with tax authorities in relation to share-based payments.

Amendments to Ind AS 7 Disclosure Initiative in statement of cash flows

The amendments require an entity to provide disclosure that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities.

The amendments apply prospectively for annual reporting periods beginning on or after 1st April 2017. The directors of the Company do not anticipate that the application of the amendments will have a material impact on the financial statements.

3. Significant Accounting Policies

3.1 Statement of compliance

The standalone financial statements comply in all material aspects with Ind AS notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, [Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015] and other applicable laws.

Up to the year ended 31st March 2016, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with the requirements of previous GAAP, which includes Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and other applicable laws. These are the Company’s first Ind AS financial statements. The date of transition to Ind AS is 1st April 2015. Refer Note 4 for the details of first-time adoption exemptions availed by the Company.

3.2 Basis of preparation and presentation

The financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis except for certain financial instruments that are measured at fair values at the end of each reporting period, as explained in the accounting policies below.

Historical cost is generally based on the fair value of the consideration given in exchange for goods and services.

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, regardless of whether that price is directly observable or estimated using another valuation technique. In estimating the fair value of an asset or a liability, the Company takes into account the characteristics of the asset or liability if market participants would take those characteristics into account when pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. Fair value for measurement and/ or disclosure purposes in these financial statements is determined on such a basis, except for share-based payment transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 102, leasing transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 17 ‘Leases’ (“Ind AS 17”), and measurements that have some similarities to fair value but are not fair value, such as net realizable value in Ind AS 2 ‘Inventories’ (“Ind AS 2”) or value in use in Ind AS 36 ‘Impairment of Assets’ (“Ind AS 36”).

In addition, for financial reporting purposes, fair value measurements are categorized into Level 1, 2, or 3 based on the degree to which the inputs to the fair value measurements are observable and the significance of the inputs to the fair value measurement in its entirety, which are described as follows:

- Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity can access at the measurement date

- Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly; and

- Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.

The principal accounting policies are set out below.

3.3 Business combinations

Acquisitions of businesses are accounted for using the acquisition method. The consideration transferred in a business combination is measured at fair value, which is calculated as the sum of the acquisition-date fair values of the assets transferred by the Company, liabilities incurred by the Company to the former owners of the acquire and the equity interests issued by the Company in exchange for control of the acquire. Acquisition-related costs are generally recognized in statement of profit or loss as incurred.

At the acquisition date, the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed are recognized at their fair value, except that deferred tax assets or liabilities, and assets or liabilities related to employee benefit arrangements are recognized and measured in accordance with Ind AS 12 ‘Income Taxes’ (“Ind AS 12”) and Ind AS 19 ‘Employee Benefits’ (“Ind AS 19”) respectively.

Goodwill is measured as the excess of the sum of the consideration transferred, the amount of any non-controlling interests in the acquiree, and the fair value of the acquirer’s previously held equity interest in the acquiree (if any) over the net of the acquisition-date amounts of the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed.

In case of a bargain purchase, before recognizing a gain in respect thereof, the Company determines where there exists clear evidence of the underlying reasons for classifying the business combination as a bargain purchase. Thereafter, the Company reassesses whether it has correctly identified all of the assets acquired and all of the liabilities assumed and recognises any additional assets or liabilities that are identified in that reassessment. The Company then reviews the procedures used to measure the amounts that Ind AS requires for the purposes of calculating the bargain purchase. If the gain remains after this reassessment and review, the Company recognizes it in other comprehensive income and accumulates the same in equity as capital reserve. If there does not exist clear evidence of the underlying reasons for classifying the business combination as a bargain purchase, the Company recognizes the gain, after reassessing and reviewing (as described above), directly in equity as capital reserve.

When a business combination is achieved in stages, the Company’s previously held equity interest in the acquire is premeasured to its acquisition-date fair value and the resulting gain or loss, if any, is recognized in statement of profit or loss. Amounts arising from interests in the acquiree prior to the acquisition date that have previously been recognized in other comprehensive income are reclassified to statement of profit or loss where such treatment would be appropriate if that interest were disposed off.

Contingent liabilities acquired in a business combination are initially measured at fair value at the acquisition date. At the end of subsequent reporting periods, such contingent liabilities are measured at the higher of the amount that would be recognized in accordance with Ind AS 37 ‘Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets’ (“Ind AS 37”) and the amount initially recognized less cumulative amortisation recognized in accordance with Ind AS 18 ‘Revenue’ (“Ind AS 18”).

3.4 Goodwill and impairment of goodwill

Goodwill arising on acquisition of a business is carried at cost as established at date of acquisition of the business less accumulated impairment losses, if any.

For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill is allocated to each of the Company’s cash generating units (or group’s of cash-generating units, “CGU”) that are expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination.

A CGU to which goodwill has been allocated is tested for impairment annually, or more frequently when there is an indication that the unit may be impaired. If the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit is less than its carrying amount, the impairment loss is allocated first to reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the unit and then to the other assets of the unit pro rata based on the carrying amount of each asset in the unit. Any impairment loss for goodwill is recognized directly in statement of profit or loss. An impairment loss recognized for goodwill is not reversed in subsequent periods.

On disposal of the relevant CGU, the attributable amount of goodwill is included in the determination of the profit or loss on disposal.

3.5 Revenue recognition

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Revenue is reduced for estimated customer returns, rebates and similar allowances.

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when the goods are delivered and titles have passed, at which time all of the following conditions are satisfied:

- the Company has transferred to the buyer the significant risks and rewards of ownership of goods;

- the Company retains neither continuing managerial involvement to the degree usually associated with ownership nor effective control over the goods sold;

- the amount of revenue can be measured reliably;

- it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the Company; and

- the costs incurred or to be incurred in respect of the transaction can be measured reliably.

Amounts disclosed as revenue are inclusive of excise duty and net of trade allowances, rebates, value added taxes and amounts collected on behalf of third parties.

Rendering of services

Revenue from a contract to provide services is recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the contract. The stage of completion of the contract is determined as the proportion of the total time expected to complete the service that has elapsed at the end of reporting period.

Royalties

Royalty revenue is recognized on an accrual basis in accordance with the substance of the relevant agreement (provided that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount of revenue can be measured reliably). Royalty arrangements that are based on production, sales and other measures are recognized by reference to the underlying arrangement.

Dividend and Interest income

Dividend income from investments is recognized when the shareholder’s right to receive payment has been established (provided that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the shareholders and the amount of income can be measured reliably).

Interest income from a financial asset is recognized when it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount of income can be measured reliably. Interest income is accrued on a time basis, by reference to the principal outstanding and at the effective interest rate applicable, which is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to that asset’s net carrying amount on initial recognition.

3.6 Leasing

Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee. All other leases are classified as operating leases.

The determination of whether an arrangement is (or contains) a lease is based on the substance of the arrangement at the inception of the lease. The arrangement is, or contains, a lease if fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets and the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset or assets, even if that right is not explicitly specified in an arrangement.

The Company as lessor

Rental income from operating leases is generally recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the relevant lease. Where the rentals are structured solely to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the Company’s expected inflationary cost increases, such increases are recognized in the year in which such benefits accrue. Initial direct costs incurred in negotiating and arranging an operating lease are added to the carrying amount of the leased asset and recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

The Company as lessee

Rental expense from operating leases is generally recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the relevant lease. Where the rentals are structured solely to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the less or’s expected inflationary cost increases, such increases are recognized in the year in which such benefits accrue. Contingent rentals arising under operating leases are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

3.7 Foreign currencies

The management of the Company has determined Indian rupee (“INR”) as the functional currency of the Company. In preparing the financial statements of the Company, transactions in currencies other than the Company’s functional currency (“foreign currencies”) are recognized at the rates of exchange prevailing at the dates of the transactions. At the end of each reporting period, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rates prevailing at that date. Non-monetary items carried at fair value that are denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rates prevailing at the date when the fair value was determined. Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are not retranslated.

Exchange differences on monetary items are recognized in statement of profit or loss in the period in which they arise except for:

- exchange differences on foreign currency borrowings relating to assets under construction for future productive use, which are included in the cost of those assets when they are regarded as an adjustment to interest costs on those foreign currency borrowings; and

- exchange differences for long term foreign currency monetary items existing as on previous year, the exchange difference arising on settlement / restatement of long term foreign currency monetary items are capitalized as part of depreciable fixed assets to which the monetary items relates and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets.

3.8 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. Interest income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalization.

All other borrowing costs are recognized in the statement of profit or loss in the period in which they are incurred.

The Company may incur borrowing costs during an extended period in which it suspends the activities necessary to prepare an asset for its intended use or sale. Such costs are costs of holding partially completed assets and do not qualify for capitalization. However, an entity does not normally suspend capitalizing borrowing costs during a period when it carries out substantial technical and administrative work. The Company also does not suspend capitalizing borrowing costs when a temporary delay is a necessary part of the process of getting an asset ready for its intended use or sale.

The Company shall cease capitalizing borrowing costs when substantially all the activities necessary to prepare the qualifying asset for its intended use or sale are complete.

3.9 Employee benefits

Post-employment benefits

- Payments to defined contribution benefit plans are recognized as an expense when employees have rendered service entitling them to the contributions. For defined benefit retirement plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the projected unit credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at the end of each annual reporting period. Remeasurement, comprising actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the changes to the asset ceiling (if applicable) and the return on plan assets (excluding net interest), is reflected immediately in the balance sheet with a charge or credit recognized in other comprehensive income in the period in which they occur. Remeasurement recognized in other comprehensive income is reflected immediately in retained earnings and is not reclassified to statement of profit or loss. Past service cost is recognized in statement of profit or loss in the period of a plan amendment. Net interest is calculated by applying the discount rate at the beginning of the period to the net defined benefit liability or asset. Defined benefit costs are categorized as follows:

- service cost (including current service cost, past service cost, as well as gains and losses on curtailments and settlements);

- net interest expense or income; and

- re-measurement.

The Company presents the first two components of defined benefit costs in statement of profit or loss in the line item “Employee benefits expense”. Curtailment gains and losses are accounted for as past service costs

The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the actual deficit or surplus in the Company’s defined benefit plans. Any surplus resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of any economic benefits available in the form of refunds from the plans or reductions in future contributions to the plans.

A liability for a termination benefit is recognized at the earlier of when the entity can no longer withdraw the offer of the termination benefit and when the entity recognizes any related restructuring costs.

Short-term and other long-term employee benefits

A liability is recognized for benefits accruing to employees in respect of wages and salaries, performance incentives and similar benefits other than compensated absences in the period the related service is rendered at the undiscounted amount of the benefits expected to be paid in exchange for that service.

Liabilities recognized in respect of compensated absences are measured on the basis of actuarial valuation as on the balance sheet date.

Liabilities recognized in respect of other long-term employee benefits are measured at the present value of the estimated future cash outflows expected to be made by the Company in respect of services provided by employees up to the reporting date.

3.10 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the profit/loss attributable to the owners of the Company by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the financial year.

Diluted earnings per share adjusts the figure used in determination of basic earnings per share to take into account the after income tax effect of interest and other financing costs associated with dilutive potential equity shares, and the weighted average number of additional equity shares that would have been outstanding assuming the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

3.11 Share-based payment arrangements

Share-based payment transactions of the Company

Equity-settled share-based payments to employees and others providing similar services are measured at the fair value of the equity instruments at the grant date.

The fair value determined at the grant date of the equity-settled share-based payments is expensed on a straight-line basis over the vesting period, based on the Company’s estimate of equity instruments that will eventually vest, with a corresponding increase in equity. At the end of each reporting period, the Company revises its estimate of the number of equity instruments expected to vest. The impact of the revision of the original estimates, if any, is recognized in statement of profit or loss such that the cumulative expense reflects the revised estimate, with a corresponding adjustment to the equity-settled employee benefits reserve.

Share-based payment transactions among group entities

The cost of equity-settled transactions pertaining to group entities is recognized as debit to investment in those group companies, together with a corresponding increase in equity (Employee stock option reserve) over the vesting period. The cumulative amount recognized for equity-settled transactions at each reporting date until the vesting date reflects the extent to which the vesting period has expired and the Company’s best estimate of the number of equity instruments that will ultimately vest. Company does not recover the cost of employee stock options from its subsidiaries.

3.12 Taxation

Current tax

The tax currently payable is based on taxable profit for the year. Taxable profit differs from ‘profit before tax’ as reported in the statement of profit and loss because of items of income or expense that are taxable or deductible in other years and items that are never taxable or deductible. The Company’s current tax is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted by the end of the reporting period.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax is recognized on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit.

Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized for all taxable temporary differences. Deferred tax assets are generally recognized for all deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against those deductible temporary differences which can be utilized. Such deferred tax assets and liabilities are not recognized if the temporary difference arises from the initial recognition (other than in a business combination) of assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither the taxable profit nor the accounting profit. In addition, deferred tax liabilities are not recognized if the temporary difference arises from the initial recognition of goodwill.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at the end of each reporting period and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period in which the liability is settled or the asset realized, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

The measurement of deferred tax liabilities and assets reflects the tax consequences that would follow from the manner in which the Company expects, at the end of the reporting period, to recover or settle the carrying amount of its assets and liabilities.

Current and deferred tax for the year

Current and deferred tax are recognized in statement of profit or loss, except when they relate to items that are recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case, the current and deferred tax are also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity respectively. Where current tax or deferred tax arises from the initial accounting for a business combination, the tax effect is included in the accounting for the business combination.

3.13 Property, plant and equipment

Land and buildings held for use in the production or supply of goods or services, for rental to others or for administrative purposes, are stated in the standalone balance sheet at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Freehold land is not depreciated.

Properties in the course of construction for production, supply or administrative purposes are carried at cost, less any recognized impairment loss. Cost includes professional fees and, for qualifying assets, borrowing costs capitalized in accordance with the Company’s accounting policy. Such properties are classified to the appropriate categories of property, plant and equipment when completed and ready for intended use.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the items will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of any component accounted for as a separate asset is derecognized when replaced. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to statement of profit or loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

Depreciation of these assets, on the same basis as other property assets, commences when the assets are ready for their intended use. An asset is normally ready for its intended use or sale when the physical construction of the asset is complete even though routine administrative work might still continue.

Fixtures and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

Depreciation is recognized so as to write off the cost of assets (other than freehold land) less their residual values over their useful lives, using the straight-line method. The estimated useful lives, residual values and depreciation method are reviewed at the end of each reporting period, with the effect of any changes in estimate accounted for on a prospective basis. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on straight line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II of the Company’s Act, 2013, except in case of leasehold improvements and moulds.

An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from the continued use of the asset. Any gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an item of property, plant and equipment is determined as the difference between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognized in statement of profit or loss.

Deemed cost on transition to Ind AS

While measuring the property, plant and equipment in accordance with Ind AS, the Company has elected to measure certain items of property, plant and equipment at the date of transition to Ind AS at their fair values and used those fair values as their deemed costs at transition date.

3.14 Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately

Intangible assets with finite useful lives that are acquired separately are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortization is recognized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. The estimated useful life and amortization method are reviewed at the end of each reporting period, with the effect of any changes in estimate being accounted for on a prospective basis. Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives that are acquired separately are carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses, if any.

Intangible assets acquired in a business combination

Intangible assets acquired in a business combination and recognized separately from goodwill are initially recognized at their fair value at the acquisition date (which is regarded as their cost).

Subsequent to initial recognition, intangible assets acquired in a business combination are reported at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any, on the same basis as intangible assets that are acquired separately.

Derecognition of intangible assets

An intangible asset is derecognized on disposal, or when no future economic benefits are expected from use or disposal. Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset, measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset, are recognized in statement of profit or loss when the asset is derecognized.

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its intangible assets recognized as of 1st April 2015 (transition date) measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.

3.15 Impairment of tangible and intangible assets other than goodwill

At the end of each reporting period, the Company reviews the carrying amounts of its tangible and intangible assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss, if any. When it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. When a reasonable and consistent basis of allocation can be identified, corporate assets are also allocated to individual cash-generating units, or otherwise they are allocated to the smallest group of cash-generating units for which a reasonable and consistent allocation basis can be identified.

Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives and intangible assets not yet available for use are tested for impairment at least annually, and whenever there is an indication that the asset may be impaired.

Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset for which the estimates of future cash flows have not been adjusted.

If the recoverable amount of an asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognized immediately in statement of profit or loss.

When an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (or a cash-generating unit) is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset (or cash-generating unit) in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognized immediately in statement of profit or loss.

3.16 Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Costs of inventories are determined on weighted average basis. Net realizable value represents the estimated selling price for inventories less all estimated costs of completion and costs necessary to make the sale.

Costs incurred in bringing each product to its present location and condition are accounted for as follows:

- Raw materials: cost includes cost of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

- Finished goods and work in progress: cost includes cost of direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on the normal operating capacity, but excluding borrowing costs.

- Traded goods: cost includes cost of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

3.17 Provisions

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that the Company will be required to settle the obligation, and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

The amount recognized as a provision is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period, taking into account the risks and uncertainties surrounding the obligation. When a provision is measured using the cash flows estimated to settle the present obligation, its carrying amount is the present value of those cash flows (when the effect of the time value of money is material).

When some or all of the economic benefits required to settle a provision are expected to be recovered from a third party, a receivable is recognized as an asset if it is virtually certain that reimbursement will be received and the amount of the receivable can be measured reliably.

3.18 Financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments.

Financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss (“FVTPL”)) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognized immediately in statement of profit or loss.

3.19 Financial assets

All regular way purchases or sales of financial assets are recognized and derecognized on a trade date basis. Regular way purchases or sales are purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within the time frame established by regulation or convention in the market place.

All recognized financial assets are subsequently measured in their entirety at either amortized cost or fair value, depending on the classification of the financial assets.

Classification of financial assets

Debt instruments that meet the following conditions are subsequently measured at amortized cost (except for debt investments that are designated as at fair value through profit or loss on initial recognition):

- the asset is held within a business model whose objective is to hold assets in order to collect contractual cash flows; and

- the contractual terms of the instrument give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Debt instruments that meet the following conditions are subsequently measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (except for debt investments that are designated as at fair value through profit or loss on initial recognition):

- the asset is held within a business model whose objective is achieved both by collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets; and

- the contractual terms of the instrument give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Interest income is recognized in statement of profit or loss for fair value through other comprehensive income (“FVTOCI”) debt instruments. For the purposes of recognizing foreign exchange gains and losses, FVTOCI debt instruments are treated as financial assets measured at amortized cost. Thus, the exchange differences on the amortized cost are recognized in statement of profit or loss and other changes in the fair value of FVTOCI financial assets are recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated under the heading of ‘Reserve for debt instruments through other comprehensive income’. When the investment is disposed of, the cumulative gain or loss previously accumulated in this reserve is reclassified to statement of profit or loss.

All other financial assets are subsequently measured at fair value.

Effective interest method

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortized cost of a debt instrument and of allocating interest income over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts (including all fees paid or received that form an integral part of the effective interest rate, transaction costs and other premiums or discounts) through the expected life of the debt instrument, or, where appropriate, a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

Income is recognized on an effective interest basis for debt instruments other than those financial assets classified as at FVTPL. Interest income is recognized in statement of profit or loss and is included in the “Other Income” line item.

Investments in equity instruments at FVTOCI

On initial recognition, the Company can make an irrevocable election (on an instrument-by-instrument basis) to present the subsequent changes in fair value in other comprehensive income for investments in equity instruments. This election is not permitted if the equity investment is held for trading. These elected investments are initially measured at fair value plus transaction costs. Subsequently, they are measured at fair value with gains and losses arising from changes in fair value recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated in the ‘Reserve for equity instruments through other comprehensive income’. The cumulative gain or loss is not reclassified to statement of profit or loss on disposal of the investments.

A financial asset is held for trading if:

- it has been acquired principally for the purpose of selling it in the near term; or

- on initial recognition it is part of a portfolio of identified financial instruments that the Company manages together and has a recent actual pattern of short-term profit-taking; or

- it is a derivative that is not designated and effective as a hedging instrument or a financial guarantee.

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL)

Investments in equity instruments are classified as at FVTPL, unless the Company irrevocably elects on initial recognition to present subsequent changes in fair value in other comprehensive income for investments in equity instruments which are not held for trading (see note above).

Debt instruments that do not meet the amortized cost criteria or FVTOCI criteria (see above) are measured at FVTPL.

A financial asset that meets the amortized cost criteria or debt instruments that meet the FVTOCI criteria may be designated as at FVTPL upon initial recognition if such designation eliminates or significantly reduces a measurement or recognition inconsistency that would arise from measuring assets or liabilities or recognizing the gains and losses on them on different bases. The Company has not designated any debt instrument as at FVTPL.

Financial assets at FVTPL are measured at fair value at the end of each reporting period, with any gains or losses arising on remeasurement recognized in statement of profit or loss. The net gain or loss recognized in statement of profit or loss incorporates any dividend or interest earned on the financial asset and is included in the ‘Other income’ line item.

Impairment of financial assets

The Company applies the expected credit loss model for recognising impairment loss on financial assets measured at amortized cost, trade receivables and other contractual rights to receive cash or other financial asset, and financial guarantees not designated as at FVTPL.

Expected credit losses are the weighted average of credit losses with the respective risks of default occurring as the weights. Credit loss is the difference between all contractual cash flows that are due to the Company in accordance with the contract and all the cash flows that the Company expects to receive (i.e. all cash shortfalls), discounted at the original effective interest rate.

The Company measures the loss allowance for a financial instrument at an amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses if the credit risk on that financial asset has increased significantly since initial recognition. If the credit risk on a financial asset has not increased significantly since initial recognition, the Company measures the loss allowance for that financial instrument at an amount equal to 12-month expected credit losses.

For trade receivables the Company measures the loss allowance at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses.

Derecognition of financial assets

The Company derecognizes a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the asset expire, or when it transfers the financial asset and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset to another party. If the Company neither transfers nor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership and continues to control the transferred asset, the Company recognizes its retained interest in the asset and an associated liability for amounts it may have to pay. If the Company retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of a transferred financial asset, the Company continues to recognize the financial asset and also recognizes a collateralized borrowing for the proceeds received.

Foreign exchange gains and losses

The fair value of financial assets denominated in a foreign currency is determined in that foreign currency and translated at the spot rate at the end of each reporting period.

For foreign currency denominated financial assets measured at amortized cost and FVTPL, the exchange differences are recognized in statement of profit or loss.

For the purposes of recognizing foreign exchange gains and losses, FVTOCI debt instruments are treated as financial assets measured at amortized cost. Thus, the exchange differences on the amortized cost are recognized in statement of profit or loss and other changes in the fair value of FVTOCI financial assets are recognized in other comprehensive income.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash is cash on hand and demand deposits. Cash equivalents are short term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

3.20 Financial liabilities and equity instruments

Classification as debt or equity

Debt and equity instruments issued by the Company are classified as either financial liabilities or as equity in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangements and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument.

Equity instruments

An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of an entity after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments issued by the Company are recognized at the proceeds received, net of direct issue costs.

Repurchase of the Company’s own equity instruments is recognized and deducted directly in equity. No gain or loss is recognized in statement of profit or loss on the purchase, sale, issue or cancellation of the Company’s own equity instruments.

Compound instruments

The component parts of compound instruments (convertible debentures) issued by the Company are classified separately as financial liabilities and equity in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangements and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument. A conversion option that will be settled by the exchange of a fixed amount of cash or another financial asset for a fixed number of the Company’s own equity instruments is an equity instrument.

At the date of issue, the fair value of the liability component is estimated using the prevailing market interest rate for similar non-convertible instruments. This amount is recorded as a liability on an amortized cost basis using the effective interest method until extinguished upon conversion or at the instrument’s maturity date.

The conversion option classified as equity is determined by deducting the amount of the liability component from the fair value of the compound instrument as a whole. This is recognized and included in equity, net of income tax effects, and is not subsequently premeasured. In addition, the conversion option classified as equity will remain

in equity until the conversion option is exercised, in which case, the balance recognized in equity will be transferred to other component of equity. When the conversion option remains unexercised at the maturity date of the convertible instrument, the balance recognized in equity will be transferred to retained earnings. No gain or loss is recognized in statement of profit or loss upon conversion or expiration of the conversion option.

Transaction costs that relate to the issue of the convertible instruments are allocated to the liability and equity components in proportion to the allocation of the gross proceeds. Transaction costs relating to the equity component are recognized directly in equity. Transaction costs relating to the liability component are included in the carrying amount of the liability component and are amortized over the lives of the convertible instrument using the effective interest method.

Financial liabilities

All financial liabilities are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

However, financial guarantee contracts issued by the Company are measured in accordance with the specific accounting policies set out below.

Financial liabilities subsequently measured at amortized cost

Financial liabilities that are not held-for-trading and are not designated as at FVTPL are measured at amortized cost at the end of subsequent accounting periods. The carrying amounts of financial liabilities that are subsequently measured at amortized cost are determined based on the effective interest method. Interest expense are included in the ‘Finance costs’ line item.

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortized cost of a financial liability and of allocating interest expense over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash payments (including all fees and points paid or received that form an integral part of the effective interest rate, transaction costs and other premiums or discounts) through the expected life of the financial liability, or (where appropriate) a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

Financial guarantee contracts

A financial guarantee contract is a contract that requires the issuer to make specified payments to reimburse the holder for a loss it incurs because a specified debtor fails to make payments when due in accordance with the terms of a debt instrument.

Financial guarantee contracts issued by the Company are initially measured at their fair values and are subsequently measured at the higher of:

- the amount of loss allowance determined in accordance with impairment requirements of Ind AS 109; and

- the amount initially recognized less, when appropriate, the cumulative amount of income recognized in accordance with the principles of Ind AS 18.

When guarantee in relation to loans or other payables of subsidiaries are provided for no compensation, the fair values are accounted for as contributions and recognized as cost of investment.

Foreign exchange gains and losses

For financial liabilities that are denominated in a foreign currency and are measured at amortized cost at the end of each reporting period, the foreign exchange gains and losses are determined based on the amortized cost of the instruments and are recognized in ‘Other income’ / ‘Other expenses’.

Derecognition of financial liabilities

The Company derecognizes financial liabilities when, and only when, the Company’s obligations are discharged, cancelled or have expired.

3.21 Derivative financial instruments

Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value at the date the derivative contracts are entered into and are subsequently premeasured to their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The resulting gain or loss is recognized in statement of profit or loss immediately. Company does not designate the derivative instrument as a hedging instrument.

3.22 Operating segment

The management views the Company’s operation as a single segment engaged in business of Branding, Manufacturing, Processing, Selling and Distribution of “Consumer Products”. Hence there is no separate reportable segment under Ind AS 108 ‘Operating segment’.

4A. Key sources of estimation uncertainty and critical accounting judgments

In the course of applying the accounting policies, the Company is required to make judgments, estimates and assumptions about the carrying amount of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and other factors that are considered to be relevant. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period, or in the period of the revision and future period, if the revision affects current and future periods.

Key sources of estimation uncertainty

a) Useful lives of property, plant and equipment

Management reviews the useful lives of property, plant and equipment at least once a year. Such lives are dependent upon an assessment of both the technical lives of the assets and also their likely economic lives based on various internal and external factors including relative efficiency and operating costs. Accordingly, depreciable lives are reviewed annually using the best information available to the Management.

b) Impairment of property, plant and equipment

Determining whether the property, plant and equipment are impaired requires an estimate in the value in use of cash generating units. It requires to estimate the future cash flows expected to arise from the cash generating units and a suitable discount rate in order to calculate present value. When the actual cash flows are less than expected, a material impairment loss may arise.

c) Impairment of investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associate and impairment of goodwill

Determining whether the goodwill or investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associate are impaired requires an estimate in the value in use. In considering the value in use, the Management have anticipated the future cash flows, discount rates and other factors of the underlying businesses/ companies. Any subsequent changes to the cash flows could impact the carrying value of investments/ goodwill.

d) Provisions, liabilities and contingencies

Provisions and liabilities are recognized in the period when it becomes probable that there will be a future outflow of funds resulting from past events that can reasonably be estimated. The timing of recognition requires application of judgement to existing facts and circumstances which may be subject to change.

In the normal course of business, contingent liabilities may arise from litigation and other claims against the Company. Potential liabilities that are possible but not probable of an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits are treated as contingent liabilities. Such liabilities are disclosed in the notes but are not recognized.

e) Taxes

Deferred tax assets are recognized for unused tax losses to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the losses can be utilized. Significant management judgment is required to determine the amount of deferred tax assets that can be recognized, based upon the likely timing and the level of future taxable profits together with future tax planning strategies.

4B. First time adoption - mandatory exceptions, optional exemptions

Overall principle

The Company has prepared the opening standalone balance sheet as per Ind AS as of 1st April 2015 (the transition date) by recognizing all assets and liabilities whose recognition is required by Ind AS, not recognizing items of assets or liabilities which are not permitted by Ind AS, by reclassifying items from previous GAAP to Ind AS as required under Ind AS, and applying Ind AS in measurement of recognized assets and liabilities. However, this principle is subject to the certain exception and certain optional exemptions availed by the Company as detailed below.

Past business combinations

The Company has elected not to apply Ind AS 103 Business Combinations retrospectively to past business combinations that occurred before 20th November 2014. All the business combinations occurred on or after 20th November 2014 are accounted in accordance with Ind AS 103. Consequently,

- The Company has kept the same classification for the past business combinations as in its previous GAAP financial statements for business combinations occurred before 20th November 2014.

- The Company has not recognized assets and liabilities that were not recognized in accordance with previous GAAP in the balance sheet of the acquirer and would also not qualify for recognition in accordance with Ind AS in the separate balance sheet of the acquire for business combinations occurred before 20th November 2014.

- The Company has excluded from its opening balance sheet those items recognized in accordance with previous GAAP that do not qualify for recognition as an asset or liability under Ind AS for business combination occurred before 20th November 2014.

- The Company has tested the goodwill for impairment at the transition date based on the conditions as of the transition date.

The above exemption in respect of business combinations has also been applied to past acquisitions of investments in associates, interests in joint ventures.

Share Based Transactions

Company has not applied requirement of Ind AS 102 share based payment to equity instruments that vested before the date of transition i.e. 1st April 2015.

Deemed cost for property, plant and equipment, investment property, and intangible assets

While measuring the property, plant and equipment in accordance with Ind AS, the Company has elected to measure certain items of property, plant and equipment at the date of transition to Ind AS at its fair value and used that fair value as its deemed cost at transition date.

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its investment properties and intangible assets recognized as at transition date measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.

Investment in Subsidiaries, Joint Ventures and Associates

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of its investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates recognized as of 1st April 2015 (transition date) measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date except for an investment in a joint venture which is measured at fair value as at transition date and use that fair value as its deemed cost as of transition date.

Long Term Foreign Currency Monetary Items

The Company has opted for exemption under Ind AS 101 for existing long term foreign currency non-monetary items where the Company is continuing the policy adopted for treatment of exchange differences arising on longterm foreign currency monetary items pertaining to the acquisition of a depreciable asset for items recognized on or before 31st March 2016. (Refer Note 3.7)

d) Share options granted under the Company’s employee share option plan

Share options granted under the Company’s employee share option plan carry no rights to dividends and no voting rights. Further details of the employee share option plan are provided in note no. 36

e) Rights, Preferences and Restrictions attached to equity shares :

- Right to receive dividend as may be approved by the Board of Directors / Annual General Meeting.

- The equity shares are not repayable except in the case of a buy back, reduction of capital or winding up in terms of the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

- Every member of the company holding equity shares has a right to attend the General Meeting of the company and has a right to vote in proportion to his share of the paid-up capital of the company. Each holder of equity share is entitled to one vote per share.

- In pursuance to the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 read together with other applicable regulations and in compliance thereto, the Company has entered into separate agreement(s) to issue compulsorily convertible debentures (“CCDs”) and equity shares to Black River Food 2 Pte. Ltd (“Black River”) and International Finance Corporation (“IFC”) on preferential basis.

The rights attached to the CCDs / shares issued to Black River, inter alia, include the following :

1) The right to nominate for appointment of one director (“Black River Nominee Director”) to the Board of the Company, as long as: (i) the direct and indirect holding of Black River in the Company, on a fully diluted basis exceeds or is equal to 2% of the Share Capital; and (ii) Black River has not sold, transferred or disposed of more than 40% of its Initial Shareholding.

2) Prior written consent of Black River or Black River Nominee Director would be required to take decisions relating to any of the following matters by the Company and its subsidiaries viz. Aadhaar Wholesale Trading and Distribution Limited and The Nilgiri Dairy Farm Private Limited (as applicable), as long as: (i) The direct and indirect shareholding of Black River in the Company, on a fully diluted basis exceeds or is equal to 2% of the Share Capital of the Company; and

(ii) Black River has not sold, transferred or disposed off more than 40% (forty per cent.) of its Initial Shareholding:

a) disposition, sale, lease, license or transfer (including by way of a demerger) of any undertaking or substantial assets.

b) any scheme of arrangement, merger, demerger, consolidation, restructuring or reorganization.

c) any related party transactions or any contract or commitment outside of the ordinary course of business.

d) exceeding a debt equity ratio of 1:1 calculated on a consolidated basis.

The rights attached to the CCDs / shares issued to IFC, inter alia, include the following :

1) In the event that Black River Asset Management LLC / Black River Food Fund 2 LP / Black River Food Fund 2 Pte Ltd., Verlinvest S.A. and Arisaig Partners (Asia) Pte Ltd (“Relevant Shareholder”) does not nominate an individual for appointment to the Board of the Company as its respective nominee Director such that there is no nominee Director of any Relevant Shareholder on the Board, the right to nominate one Director (”IFC Nominee Director”) for appointment to the Board of the Company, as long as IFC holds


Mar 31, 2016

A) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with relevant Rules and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialised.

c) Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories, computed on weighted average basis, comprises all costs of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present condition and location. Finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads.

d) Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short- term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

e) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

f) Fixed Assets (Tangible / Intangible) and Depreciation / Amortization

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Cost comprise purchase price, all direct expenses relating to the acquisition and installation and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Projects under which tangible fixed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on the straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except leasehold improvement, which are amortized over the lease period and Moulds for which the estimated useful life is assessed as 2 years based on technical evaluation made by the Company.

The Company has adopted the provisions of para 46A of AS 11 The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates, accordingly, exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets.

License rights for use of Brands and Trademarks are amortized over a period of 25 years and 20 years respectively, which is based on the terms of the license rights acquired and the economic benefits that are expected to accrue to the Company over such period.

Acquired Brand and Goodwill are amortized over 10 years based on the estimated useful life on straight line method.

The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation period is revised to reflect the changed pattern, if any.

g) Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with delivery, and are recorded net of VAT.

Fee for services rendered and royalty income is recognized at the specific rates as per the terms of contract.

h) other Income

Realized gain or loss on investments, which is the difference between the sale consideration and the carrying cost, is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on the date of recognition of sale. In determining the realized gain or loss on sale of a security, the cost of such security is arrived on First in First out basis.

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

i) Investments

Investments maturing within twelve months from the date of investment and investments made with the specific intention to dispose of within twelve months from the date of investment are classified as current investments. Other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Cost of investment includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Long-Term Investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution is made if the decline in value is other than temporary in nature. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on the basis of each category of investments. Unquoted investments in the units of mutual funds in the nature of current investments shall be valued at the net asset value declared by the mutual fund in respect of each particular scheme as at the Balance Sheet date.

j) Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, employee state insurance scheme, gratuity and compensated absences.

Defined Contribution Plans

The Company''s contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Scheme is considered as defined contribution plan and is charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

Defined Benefit Plans

Gratuity liability determined by an actuarial valuation performed in accordance with the projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date is provided for. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

Compensated Absences

Liability for short-term compensated absences is recognised as expense based on the estimated cost of eligible leave to the credit of the employees as at the balance sheet date on undiscounted basis. These benefits include compensated absences, which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services. Liability for long-term compensated absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation as on the balance sheet date.

Other short-term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and similar benefits which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service.

k) Employee Share based payments

The Company has formulated Employee Stock Option Scheme (ESOS) in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Share Based Employee Benefits) Regulations, 2014. The Schemes provide for grant of options to employees of the Company and its subsidiaries to acquire equity shares of the Company that vest in a graded manner and that are to be exercised within a specified period. In accordance with the SEBI Guidelines, the excess, if any, of the closing market price on the day prior to the grant of the options under ESOS over the exercise price is amortised on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.

l) Foreign currency transactions and translations

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange differences arising on settlement of the transaction and on account of restatement of monetary items at the end of the year (other than those relating to long term foreign currency monetary items) are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of long-term foreign currency monetary items are capitalised as part of the depreciable fixed assets to which the monetary item relates and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. If such monetary items do not relate to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets, the exchange difference is amortised over the maturity period / upto the date of settlement of such monetary items, whichever is earlier, and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. The unamortised exchange difference is carried under Reserves and surplus as "Foreign currency monetary item translation difference account" net of the tax effect thereon, where applicable. Forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge the foreign currency risk and outstanding as on balance sheet date are translated at year end exchange rates. The premium or discount arising at the inception of such forward exchange contracts are amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Gains / Losses on settlement of transactions arising on cancellation / renewal of forward exchange contracts are recognized as income or expense.

m) derivative Instruments and Hedge Accounting :

The Company enters into derivative contracts in the nature of foreign currency swaps with an intention to hedge its existing assets and liabilities in foreign currency. Derivative contracts which are closely linked to the existing assets and liabilities are accounted as per the policy stated for Foreign currency transactions and translations.

Derivative contracts designated as a hedging instrument for highly probable forecast transactions are accounted as per the policy stated for Hedge Accounting.

All other derivative contracts are marked-to- market and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains arising on the same are not recognised, until realised, on grounds of prudence.

n) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets.

o) Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit / loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter-segment revenue comprises of transactions, which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

p) Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as per contractual terms.

q) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares.

r) Taxes on income

Current tax is determined on the income for the year chargeable to tax in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws.

Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and tax laws that are enacted or substantially enacted as on the balance sheet date. Where the Company has unabsorbed business loss/depreciation, the deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainly that the asset will be realized in future. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets. Current and deferred tax relating to items directly recognised in reserves are recognised in reserves and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

s) Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets/cash generating units are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which the asset is impaired and the impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

t) Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

u) Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.


Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") / Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act"), as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialised.

c) Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories, computed on weighted average basis, comprises all costs of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present condition and location.

d) Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short- term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

e) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

f) Fixed Assets (Tangible/Intangible) and Depreciation/Amortization

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Cost comprise purchase price, all direct expenses relating to the acquisition and installation and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

Projects under which tangible fixed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on the straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except leasehold improvement, which are amortized over the lease period.

License rights for use of Brands and Trademarks are amortized over a period of 25 years and 20 years respectively, which is based on the terms of the license rights acquired and the economic benefits that are expected to accrue to the Company over such period.

Acquired Brand and Goodwill are amortized over ten years based on the estimated useful life on straight line method.

The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation period is revised to reflect the changed pattern, if any.

g) Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with delivery, and are recorded net of VAT. Fee for services rendered and royalty income is recognized at the specific rates as per the terms of contract.

h) Other Income

Realized gain or loss on investments, which is the difference between the sale consideration and the carrying cost, is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on the date of recognition of sale. In determining the realized gain or loss on sale of a security, the cost of such security is arrived on First in First out basis.

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

i) Investments

Investments maturing within twelve months from the date of investment and investments made with the specific intention to dispose of within twelve months from the date of investment are classified as current investments. Other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Cost of investment includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Long-Term Investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution is made if the decline in value is other than temporary in nature. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on the basis of each category of investments. Unquoted investments in the units of mutual funds in the nature of current investments shall be valued at the net asset value declared by the mutual fund in respect of each particular scheme as at the Balance Sheet date.

j) Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, employee state insurance scheme, gratuity and compensated absences.

Defined Contribution Plans The Company"s contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Scheme is considered as defined contribution plan and is charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

Defined Benefit Plans

Gratuity liability determined by an actuarial valuation performed in accordance with the projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date is provided for. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

Compensated Absences

Liability for short-term compensated absences is recognised as expense based on the estimated cost of eligible leave to the credit of the employees as at the balance sheet date on undiscounted basis. These benefits include compensated absences, which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services. Liability for long-term compensated absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation as on the balance sheet date.

Other short-term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and similar benefit which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service.

k) Employee Share based payments

The Company has formulated Employee Stock Option Scheme (ESOS) in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999. The Schemes provide for grant of options to employees of the Company and its subsidiaries to acquire equity shares of the Company that vest in a graded manner and that are to be exercised within a specified period. In accordance with the SEBI Guidelines, the excess, if any, of the closing market price on the day prior to the grant of the options under ESOS over the exercise price is amortised on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.

l) Foreign currency transactions and translations

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange differences arising on settlement of the transaction and on account of restatement of monetary items are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge the foreign currency risk and outstanding as on balance sheet date are translated at year end exchange rates. The premium or discount arising at the inception of such forward exchange contracts are amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Gains / Losses on settlement of transactions arising on cancellation / renewal of forward exchange contracts are recognized as income or expense.

m) Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit / loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter-segment revenue comprises of transactions, which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

n) Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases" Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as per contractual terms"

o) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average no of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares.

p) Taxes on income

Current tax is determined on the income for the year chargeable to tax in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws.

Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and tax laws that are enacted or substantially enacted as on the balance sheet date. Where the Company has unabsorbed business loss/depreciation, the deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainly that the asset will be realized in future. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.

Current and deferred tax relating to items directly recognised in reserves are recognised in reserves and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

q) Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets/cash generating units are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset"s net selling price and value in use. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which the asset is impaired and the impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

r) Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

s) Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Corporate Information

The Company was incorporated on July 10, 1996, as a Private Limited Company under the name "Subhikshith Finance and Investments Limited". The name of the Company was changed to "Future Ventures India Private Limited" with effect from 9th August, 2007 and became a Public Limited Company with effect from September 7, 2007 as "Future Ventures India Limited".

The shares of the Company are listed on the National Stock Exchange Limited and Bombay Stock Exchange Limited since May 10, 2011. Pursuant to the composite scheme of Amalgamation and Arrangement coming into effect during the fi nancial year 2012-13, the Company has become operating entity from being a Non-Banking Finance Company "(NBFC") as it no longer satisfi es the prescribed norms of assets / income pattern as required under the Reserve Bank of India regulations. In view of the same, the Company has made an application to Reserve Bank of India ("RBI") seeking de-registration as NBFC on May 30, 2013.

In the current fi nancial year, the name of the Company has been changed to Future Consumer Enterprise Limited w.e.f. September 30, 2013. Consequent to the aforesaid, the Company is now engaged in the business of Sourcing, Branding, Marketing and Distribution of FMCG, Food and Processed Food Products in Urban and Rural India.

2. Signifi cant Accounting Policies

a) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The fi nancial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notifi ed under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) ("the 1956 Act") (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13 September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs) and the relevant provisions of the 1956 Act/ 2013 Act, as applicable. The fi nancial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the fi nancial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of the fi nancial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the fi nancial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialised.

c) Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories, computed on weighted average basis, comprises all costs of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present condition and location.

d) Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignifi cant risk of changes in value.

e) Cash fl ow statement

Cash fl ows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profi t / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash fl ows from operating, investing and fi nancing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

f) Fixed Assets (Tangible / Intangible) and Depreciation / Amortization

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Cost comprise purchase price, all direct expenses relating to the acquisition and installation and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 except leasehold improvement, which are amortized over the lease period.

License rights for use of brands and Trademarks are amortized over a period of 25 years and 20 years respectively, which is based on the terms of the license rights acquired and the economic benefi ts that are expected to accrue to the Company over such period.

Acquired Brand and goodwill are amortized over ten years based on the estimated useful life. Assets individually costing Rs. 5000/- or less are depreciated @ 100%.

g) Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of signifi cant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with delivery, and are recorded net of VAT.

Fee for services rendered and royalty income is recognized at the specifi c rates as per the terms of contract.

h) Other Income

Realized gain or loss on investments, which is the difference between the sale consideration and the carrying cost, is recognized in the Statement of Profi t and Loss on the date of recognition of sale. In determining the realized gain or loss on sale of a security, the cost of such security is arrived on First in First out basis.

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

i) Investments

Investments maturing within twelve months from the date of investment and investments made with the specifi c intention to dispose of within twelve months from the date of investment are classifi ed as current investments. Other investments are classifi ed as long-term investments.

Cost of investment includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Long-Term Investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution is made if the decline in value is other than temporary in nature. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on the basis of each category of investments. Unquoted investments in the units of mutual funds in the nature of current investments shall be valued at the net asset value declared by the mutual fund in respect of each particular scheme as at the Balance Sheet date.

j) Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, employee state insurance scheme, gratuity and compensated absences.

Defined Contribution Plans

The Company''s contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Scheme is considered as defi ned contribution plan and is charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

Defined Benefit Plans

Gratuity liability determined by an actuarial valuation performed in accordance with the projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date is provided for. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profi t and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefi ts are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefi ts become vested.

Compensated Absences

Liability for short-term compensated absences is recognised as expense based on the estimated cost of eligible leave to the credit of the employees as at the balance sheet date on undiscounted basis. These benefi ts include compensated absences, which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services. Liability for long-term compensated absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation as on the balance sheet date.

Other short-term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and similar benefits which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service.

k) Employee Share based payments

The Company has formulated Employee Stock Option Scheme (ESOS) in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999. The Schemes provide for grant of options to employees of the Company and its subsidiaries to acquire equity shares of the Company that vest in a graded manner and that are to be exercised within a specifi ed period. In accordance with the SEBI Guidelines, the excess, if any, of the closing market price on the day prior to the grant of the options under ESOS over the exercise price is amortised on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.

l) Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit / loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identifi ed to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions, which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

m) Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profi t and Loss as per contractual terms.

n) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profi t or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profi t or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average no of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares.

o) Taxes on income

Current tax is determined on the income for the year chargeable to tax in accordance with the provisions of Income tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and tax laws that are enacted or substantially enacted as on the balance sheet date. Where the Company has unabsorbed business loss/depreciation, the deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainly that the asset will be realized in future. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that suffi cient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.

p) Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets/cash generating units are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Statement of Profi t and Loss in the year in which the asset is impaired and the impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash fl ows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

q) Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outfl ow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to refl ect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the fi nancial statements.

r) Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classifi cation of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

d) Terms/Rights attached to Equity Shares:

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a face value of Rs. 6 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share.

In the event of repayment of capital of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in the proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

e) As at 31st March, 2014 in terms of FVIL Employees Stock Option Plan 2011 equity shares aggregating to 15,785,000 (Previous Year- 18,785,000 equity shares) were reserved for issuance towards outstanding Employee Stock Options granted. (Refer Note 28).

C. The Company has recognised an amount of Rs. 163.53 lakhs (Previous Year Rs. 102.48 lakhs) for Provident Fund contributions and Rs. 65.84 lakhs (Previous Year Rs. 33.99 lakhs) for Employee State Insurance Scheme contributions in the Statement of Profi t and Loss.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). The said Financial Statements comply with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act), the mandatory Accounting Standards notifi ed by the Central Government of India under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended from time to time and guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India for Non-Banking Financial (Non Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies from time to time to the extent applicable. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the fi nancial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year except for change in the accounting policy of depreciation of assets held by the company, prior to giving effect to the composite scheme of Amalgamation and Arrangement, from Written Down Value method to Straight Line Method and the impact of such change on the Loss for the year is not considered material.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of fi nancial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities as of the date of the fi nancial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying fi nancial statements are based upon the management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the fi nancial statements. Actual results may differ from estimates and assumptions used in preparing these fi nancial statements.

c) Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories, computed on weighted average basis, comprises all costs of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present condition and location.

d) Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignifi cant risk of changes in value.

e) Cash fl ow statement

Cash fl ows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profi t / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash fl ows from operating, investing and fi nancing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

f) Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Cost comprise purchase price, all direct expenses relating to the acquisition and installation and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 except leasehold improvement which are amortized over the lease period.

License rights for use of brands and Trademarks are amortized over a period of 25 years and 20 years respectively which is based on the terms of the license rights acquired and the economic benefi ts that are expected to accrue to the Company over such period.

Acquired Brand and goodwill are amortized over ten years based on the estimated useful life.

Assets individually costing Rs. 5000/- or less are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

g) Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of signifi cant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer which generally coincides with delivery and are recorded net of VAT.

Realized gain or loss on investments which is the difference between the sale consideration and the carrying cost is recognized in the Statement of Profi t and Loss on the date of recognition of sale. In determining the realized gain or loss on sale of a security, the cost of such security is arrived on First in First out basis.

Interest income from fi nancing activities is recognized at the rates implicit in the contract. Unrealized Interest income relating to Non-performing assets is derecognized. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established. Fee for services rendered and royalty income is recognized at the specifi c rates as per the terms of contract.

h) Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. At the year-end, all monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the year-end exchange rates. Exchange differences arising on actual payment / realisation and year end re-instatement referred to above are recognized in the Statement of Profi t and Loss.

Premium / discount on forward exchange contracts, which are not intended for trading or speculation purposes, are amortised over the period of the contracts if such contracts relate to monetary items as at the balance sheet date.

i) Investments

Investments maturing within twelve months from the date of investment and investments made with the specifi c intention to dispose of within twelve months from the date of investment are classifi ed as current investments. Other investments are classifi ed as long-term investments.

Cost of investment includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Long-Term Investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution is made if the decline in value is other than temporary in nature. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on the basis of each category of investments. Unquoted investments in the units of mutual funds in the nature of current investments shall be valued at the net asset value declared by the mutual fund in respect of each particular scheme as at the Balance Sheet date.

If the Balance sheet of the unlisted investee company is not available for two years , shares in such companies are valued at one Rupees only which is in accordance with the prudential norms prescribed by the Reserve bank of India for non banking Financial ( Non Deposit Accepting or Holding ) Companies.

j) Employee Benefi ts

Defi ned Contribution Plans

The Company''s contributions to Provident Fund is considered as defi ned contribution plan and is charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

Defi ned Benefi t Plans

Gratuity liability determined on actuarial valuation performed in accordance with the projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date is provided for. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profi t and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefi ts are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefi ts become vested.

Compensated Absences

Liability for short term compensated absences is recognised as expense based on the estimated cost of eligible leave to the credit of the employees as at the balance sheet date on undiscounted basis. Liability for long term compensated absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation as on the balance sheet date.

Other short-term employee benefi ts

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefi ts expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefi ts include performance incentive and similar benefi ts which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service.

k) Employee Share based payments

The Company has formulated Employee Stock Option Schemes (ESOS) in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999. The Schemes provide for grant of options to employees of the Company and its subsidiaries to acquire equity shares of the Company that vest in a graded manner and that are to be exercised within a specifi ed period. In accordance with the SEBI Guidelines, the excess, if any, of the closing market price on the day prior to the grant of the options under ESOS over the exercise price is amortised on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.

l) Segment Reporting

The Company identifi es primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate fi nancial information is available and for which operating profi t / loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identifi ed to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

m) Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profi t and Loss as per contractual terms.

n) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profi t or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profi t or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average no of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares.

o) Taxes on income

Current tax is determined on the income for the year chargeable to tax in accordance with the provisions of Income tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and tax laws that are enacted or substantially enacted as on the balance sheet date. Where the Company has unabsorbed business loss/depreciation, the deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainly that the asset will be realized in future. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that suffi cient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.

p) Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Statement of Profi t and Loss in the year in which the asset is impaired and the impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash fl ows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

q) Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outfl ow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to refl ect the current best estimates.

r) Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classifi cation of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). The said Financial Statements comply with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act), the mandatory Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government of India under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended from time to time and guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India for Non-Banking Financial (Non Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies from time to time.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon the management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from estimates and assumptions used in preparing these financial statements.

c) Revenue Recognition.

Profit / Loss on sale of investments - Realized gain or loss on investments which is the difference between the sale consideration and the carrying cost is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on the date of recognition of sale. In determining the realized gain or loss on sale of a security, the cost of such security is arrived on First in First out basis.

The cost of investments acquired or purchased would include brokerage, stamp charges and any duties directly related to the acquisition of investment.

Transactions for purchase or sale of investments shall be recognized as of the trade date and not as of the settlement date, so that the effect of all investments traded during the financial year are recorded and refected in the financial statements, for the year.

Where investment transactions take place outside the stock market, for example, acquisitions through private placement or purchases or sales through private treaty, the transaction would be recorded, in the event of a purchase, as of the date on which the Company obtains an enforceable obligation to pay the price or, in the event of sale, when the Company obtains an enforceable right to collect the proceeds of sale or an enforceable obligation to deliver the instruments sold.

Interest income from financing activities is recognized at the rates implicit in the contract. Unrealized Interest income relating to Non-performing assets is derecognized. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

Fee for services rendered is recognized at the specific rates as per the terms of contract. Advisory fee payable for advisory services is recognized at the specific rates and as per terms agreed.

d) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Cost includes all direct expenses relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets.

e) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided on Written Down Value Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Assets individually costing Rs. 5,000/- or less are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

f) Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. At the year-end, all monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the year-end exchange rates. Exchange differences arising on actual payment / realisation and year end re-instatement referred to above are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

g) Investments

Investments maturing within twelve months from the date of investment and investments made with the specific intention to dispose of within twelve months from the date of investment are classified as current investments. Other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Investments which are long term in nature are stated at cost and provision for diminution is made if the decline in value is other than temporary in nature. If the Balance Sheet of the unlisted investee company is not available for two years, shares in such companies shall be valued at one Rupee only which is in accordance with the prudential norms prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India for Non- Banking Financial (Non Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on the basis of each category of investments. For this purpose, the investments shall be categorized as Equity, Preference, Debentures, etc. and considered scrip- wise and the cost and market value aggregated for all investments in each category. Unquoted investments in the units of mutual funds in the nature of current investments shall be valued at the net asset value declared by the mutual fund in respect of each particular scheme as at the Balance Sheet date.

The reclassification of Investments from long term to Current investments would be effected with the approval of the Board of Directors.

h) Retirement Benefits Defined Benefit Plan

Gratuity liability determined on actuarial valuation performed in accordance with the projected unit credit method, as at the Balance Sheet date is provided for.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are immediately recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

Defined Contribution Plan

Fixed contributions to Provident Fund are recognized in the accounts on actual cost to the Company.

Compensated Absences

Liability for short term compensated absences is recognised as expense based on the estimated cost of eligible leave to the credit of the employees as at the Balance Sheet date on undiscounted basis. Liability for long term compensated absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation as on the Balance Sheet date.

i) Deferred Compensation Cost

In respect of stock options, granted pursuant to the Company's Employee Stock Option Scheme 2011, the Company determines the compensated cost based on the intrinsic value method and the compensation cost is amortised on a straight line basis over the vesting period.

j) Taxation

Current tax is determined on the income for the year chargeable to tax in accordance with the provisions of Income tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and tax laws that are enacted or substantially enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainly that the asset will be realized in future. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.

k) Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which the asset is impaired and the impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

l) Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to refect the current best estimates.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). The said Financial Statements comply with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act), the mandatory Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government of India under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended from time to time and guidelines issued by Reserve Bank of India for Non Banking Financial (Non Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies from time to time.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon the management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from estimates and assumptions used in preparing these financial statements.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Cost includes all direct expenses relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets.

4. Depreciation

Depreciation is provided on Written Down Value Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Assets individually costing Rs. 5,000/- or less are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

5. Investments

Investments maturing within twelve months from the date of investment and investments made with the specific intention to dispose of within twelve months from the date of investment are classified as current investments. Other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Investments which are long term in nature are stated at cost and provision for diminution is made if the decline in value is other than temporary in nature. If the balance sheet of the unlisted investee company is not available for two years, shares in such companies shall be valued at one Rupee only which is in accordance with the prudential norms prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India for Non- Banking Financial (Non Deposit Accepting) Companies.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on the basis of each category of investments. For this purpose, the investments shall be categorized as equity, preference, debentures etc and considered scrip-wise and the cost and market value aggregated for all investments in each category. Unquoted investments in the units of mutual funds in the nature of current investments shall be valued at the net asset value declared by the mutual fund in respect of each particular scheme as at the Balance Sheet date.

The reclassification of Investments from long term to Current investments would be effected with the approval of the board of directors.

6. Revenue Recognition.

Transactions for purchase or sale of investments shall be recognized as of the trade date and not as of the settlement date, so that the effect of all investments traded during the financial year are recorded and reflected in the financial statements, for the year.

Where investment transactions take place outside the stock market, for example, acquisitions through private placement or purchases or sales through private treaty, the transaction would be recorded, in the event of a purchase, as of the date on which the Company obtains an enforceable obligation to pay the price or, in the event of sale, when the Company obtains an enforceable right to collect the proceeds of sale or an enforceable obligation to deliver the instruments sold.

The cost of investments acquired or purchased would include brokerage, stamp charges and any duties directly related to the acquisition of investment.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

Profit / Loss on sale of investments - Realized gain or loss on investments which is the difference between the sale consideration and the carrying cost is recognized in the profit and loss account on the date of recognition of sale. In determining the realized gain or loss on sale of a security, the cost of such security is arrived on First in First out basis.

Interest income from financing activities is recognized at the rates implicit in the contract. Unrealized Interest income relating to Non-performing assets is derecognized.

Fee for services rendered is recognized at the specific rates as per the terms of contract.

Advisory fee payable for advisory services is recognized at the specific rates and as per terms agreed.

7. Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. At the year-end, all monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the year-end exchange rates.

Exchange differences arising on actual payment / realisation and year end re-instatement referred to above are recognized in the Profit & Loss Account.

8. Retirement Benefits

Defined Benefit Plan

Gratuity liability determined on actuarial valuation performed in accordance with the projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date is provided for.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are immediately recognised in the profit & loss account as income or expense.

Defined Contribution Plan

Fixed contributions to Provident Fund are recognized in the accounts on actual cost to the Company.

Compensated Absences

Liability for short term compensated absences is recognised as expense based on the estimated cost of eligible leave to the credit of the employees as at the balance sheet date on undiscounted basis. Liability for long term compensated absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation as on the balance sheet date.

9. Deferred Compensation Cost

In respect of stock options, granted pursuant to the Company's Employee Stock Option Scheme 2011, the Company determines the compensated cost based on the intrinsic value method and the compensation cost is amortised on a straight line basis over the vesting period.

10. Taxation

Current tax is determined on the income for the year chargeable to tax in accordance with Income tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainly that the asset will be realized in future. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.

11. Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Profit & Loss Account in the year in which the asset is impaired and the impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

12. Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

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