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Accounting Policies of Richway International Trade Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

A Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis except as otherwise stated.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company ascertains its operating cycle for the purpose of current/non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

B Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

During the year ended 31st March 2012, Revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

The revised schedule VI allows line items, sub-line items and sub-totals to be presented as an addition or substitution on the face of the financial statements when such presentation is relevant to an understanding of the company''s financial position or performance or to cater to industry/sector-specific disclosure requirements.

C Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

D Miscellaneous Expenditure (To The Extent Not Written Off Or Adjusted)

The amount of preliminary expenses has been written off over a period of 5 years as per the provision of Sec35 of Income Tax Act 1961.

E Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

F Provision for Current and Deferred Tax

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date.

G Investments

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as Current Investments. All other investments are classified as Long Term Investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Both current investments and long term investments are carried in the financial statements at cost.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

H Current Assets, Loans & Advances

In the opinion of the Board and to the best of its knowledge and belief the value on realisation of current assets in the ordinary course of business would not be less than the amount at which they are stated in the Balance Sheet and repayable on demand.

Recognition of Income & Expenditure

Income and expenditure is recognized and accounted for on accrual basis. Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the customer and when no significant uncertainty exists regarding realisation of the consideration. Sales are recorded net of cash and trade discounts.


The Company reports Basic and Diluted earnings per equity share in accordance with the

Accounting Standard - 20 on Earning Per Share. In determining earning per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post tax effect of any extraordinary/exceptional items. The number of shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The numbers of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of equity shares that would have been issued on the conversion of all potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares have been deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date.

K Provision

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources.

L There are no Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) as defined in the Micro, Small, Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 within the appointed date during the year and no MSMEs to whom the Company owes dues on account of principal amount together with interest at the balance sheet date and hence no additional disclosures have been made.

M The Company is a small and medium sized company (SMC) as defined in the general instructions in respect of accounting standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956. Accordingly, the Company has complied with the Accounting Standards as applicable to a small and medium sized Company.


Revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements, from the financial year commencing on or after 1st April 2011. In view of the same, the Company has reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.