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Accounting Policies of India Nippon Electricals Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1) Company overview and significant Accounting Policies:

India Nippon Electricals Ltd. ("the Company") is a public limited company incorporated and domiciled in India and has its registered office at No.11 & 13, Patullo Road, Chennai-600 002, Tamilnadu, India. The shares of the Company are listed on the BSE Limited and National Stock Exchange of India Ltd.

The Company is a leading manufacturer of Electronic Ignition Systems for auto industry with special focus on two-wheeler industry in technical collaboration with Mahle Electric Drives Japan Corporation, Japan. In addition to the support from the collaborators, the Company has a developed Research & Development centre recognized by DSIR,Govt of India. The Company has four manufacturing facilities in India and it is also exporting volumes

The financial statements were approved by the Board of Directors and authorized to issue on 18th May 2017

2) Basis of preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) under the historical cost convention under accrual basis of accounting except for certain financial assets and liabilities (as per the accounting policy below), which have been measured at fair value, the provisions of The Companies Act, 201 3 (The Act) and where applicable, the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The IND AS.s are notified under Section 133 of the Act, Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015, and Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2016.

The financial statements are the first financial statements of the Company in compliance with all Ind AS. The transition was carried out from Indian Accounting Standards generally accepted in India as prescribed under section 133 of The Act read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (IGAAP) which was the previous GAAP and in accordance with IND AS 101 "First Time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards".

The financial statements are as permitted by Schedule III to The Companies Act, 2013 and presented in lakhs of Indian Rupees (INR).

Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and notes thereto. The management believes that these estimates and assumptions are reasonable and prudent. However, actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future period.

This note provides an overview of the areas that involved a higher degree of judgment or complexity, and of items which are more likely to be materially adjusted due to estimates and assumptions turning out to be different than those originally assessed.

The areas involving critical estimates or judgments are:

i) Estimation of fair value of unlisted securities;

The fair value of unlisted securities is determined using the valuation techniques. The company uses its Judgment to select the methods and make assumptions at end of each reporting period. The inputs to these models are taken from observable markets where possible, but where this is not feasible, a degree of judgment is required in establishing fair values. Judgments include considerations of inputs such as liquidity risk, credit risk and volatility. Changes in assumptions about these factors could affect the reported fair value of financial instruments.

ii) Defined benefit obligation;

The cost of the defined benefit plans and the present value of the defined benefit obligation are based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases, etc. Due to the complexities involved in the valuation and its long term nature, a defined benefit obligation is highly sensitive to changes in these assumptions. All assumptions are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

iii) Impairment testing

Property, plant and equipment and Intangible assets are tested for impairment when events occur or changes in circumstances indicate that the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit is less than its carrying value.

The recoverable amount of cash generating units is higher of value-in-use and fair value less cost to sell. The calculation involves use of significant estimates and assumptions which includes turnover and earnings multiples, growth rates and net margins used to calculate projected future cash flows, risk-adjusted discount rate, future economic and market conditions.

iv) Estimation and evaluation of provisions and contingencies relating to tax litigation.

Provision for tax liabilities require judgments on the interpretation of tax legislation, developments in case law and the potential outcomes of tax audits and appeals which may be subject to significant uncertainty. Therefore the actual results may vary from expectations resulting in adjustments to provisions, the valuation of deferred tax assets, cash tax settlements and therefore the tax charge in the statement of profit or loss.

v) Estimation Warranty claims

Provision is made for estimated warranty claims in respect of product sold which are still under warranty at the end of the reporting period. The claims are expected to be settled in the next financial year. The company estimates the provision based on historical warranty claim information and any recent trends that may suggest future claims could differ from the historical amounts.

Standards issued but not yet effective:

As per Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendment) Rules, 2017 dated 17th March 2017 MCA has notified amendments to two new standards namely Ind AS 102 - Share-based Payment and Ind AS 7 - Statement of Cash Flows which will be effective from 1st April 2017.

During current year, there are no share based payments transactions occurred and hence Ind AS 102 is not applicable to the company. Further, amendment to Ind AS 7 pertains to additional disclosure requirement such as "An entity shall provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes". The Company has not opted for early adoption of the above amendments and will not have any material impact on the financial statements of the Company when adopted.

3) Significant Accounting Policies:

a) Current and Non-current classification:

The Company presents assets and liabilities in the balance sheet based on current / non-current classification. The operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents. The Company has identified twelve months as its operating cycle.

Cash or cash equivalent is treated as current, unless restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period. In respect of other assets, it is treated as current when it is:

i) expected to be realized or intended to be sold or consumed in the normal operating cycle

ii) held primarily for the purpose of trading

iii) expected to be realized within twelve months after the reporting period.

A liability is treated as current when:

i) it is expected to be settled in the normal operating cycle

ii) it is held primarily for the purpose of trading

iii) it is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period, or

iv) there is no unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period.

All other assets and liabilities are classified as non-current. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as non-current assets and liabilities.

b) Revenue Recognition:

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable net of returns, trade allowances, rebates and amounts collected on behalf of third parties. Includes Excise Duty collected for onward remittance to the Government but excludes Value Added Tax, Sales Tax and Service Tax.

Revenue from sale of product is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership pass to the dealer/ customer as per the terms of the contract and it is probable that economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the company.

Income in the form of dividends and interest - Please refer to note no. 3 (m) (x)

c) Property, Plant & Equipment:

Freehold Land is carried at historical cost. Till the closure of the financial statements as at 31st March, 2015, all other items of tangible Property Plant and Equipment were stated at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation / amortization and impairment, if any. On the Date of Transition i.e. 1-April-2015, the Company had opted to elect the option to consider the written down values of these assets as deemed cost as on 1st April, 2015 as permitted by Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 101 "First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards", Appendix D, Paragraph D7AA.

Cost includes purchase price, taxes and duties, labour cost and directly attributable overheads incurred up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. However, cost excludes Excise Duty, Value Added Tax and Service Tax, to the extent credit of the duty or tax is availed of. Subsequent costs are included in the asset''s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably.

The carrying amount of any component accounted for as separate asset is derecognized when replaced. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to Profit or Loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing proceeds with carrying amount. These are included in profit or loss within other gains/(losses).

d) Depreciation and Amortization:

i) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets (other than land) is charged over the estimated useful life of the asset or part of the asset (after considering double/triple shift) as evaluated by the Management, on straight line method, in accordance with Part A of Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013 less the number of years the asset had been used prior to 1st April, 2015.

ii) Tools and dies are depreciated based on quantity of components manufactured and the life of tools and dies, subject to a maximum of two years.

iii) On tangible fixed assets added / disposed of during the year, depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis from the date of addition or till the date of disposal

e) Intangible Assets:

i) Intangible assets include cost of acquired software, license and technical knowhow. Intangible assets are initially measured at acquisition cost including any directly attributable costs of preparing the asset for its intended use.

ii) Expenditure on projects which are not yet ready for intended use are carried as intangible assets under development.

iii) Intangible assets with finite lives are amortized over their estimated useful economic life and assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired.

iv) Intangible assets are amortized on the following basis:

a) Software’s - Over a period of five years

b) SAP - Over a period of ten years

c) Windows Server - Over a period of five years

d) Licenses - Over a period of two to three years

e) Technical Knowhow - Over a period of five years

f) Impairment of Assets:

Assets that have an indefinite useful life are not subject to amortization and are tested annually for impairment.

Assets that are subject to amortization are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the asset''s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount.

Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset for which the estimates of future cash flows have not been adjusted.

If the recoverable amount of an asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

When an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (or a cash-generating unit) is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset (or cash-generating unit) in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognized immediately in Statement of Profit and Loss.

g) Foreign currency translation:

i) Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Company operates (''the functional currency''). i.e. in Indian rupee (INR).

ii) Transactions and balances

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

a) Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities such as cash, receivables, payables, etc., are translated at year end exchange rates

b) Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency such as investments, fixed assets, etc., are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

c) Exchange differences arising on settlement of transactions and translation of monetary items are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

h) Inventories:

i) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value.

ii) Cost of raw materials, components, stores, spares, work-in-process and finished goods are ascertained at weighted average cost

iii) Cost of finished goods and work-in-process comprises direct materials, direct labour and an appropriate proportion of variable and fixed overhead expenditure, the latter being allocated on the basis of normal operating capacity. Costs are assigned to individual items of inventory on the basis of weighted average costs. Costs of purchased inventory are determined after deducting rebates and discounts. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale. Materials and supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written down if the finished products in which they will be used are expected to be sold at or above cost.

i) Employee benefits:

i) Short term obligations:

Liabilities for wages and salaries, including non-monetary benefits that are expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized in respect of employees'' services up to the end of the reporting period and are measured at the amounts expected to be paid when the liabilities are settled. The liabilities are presented as current employee benefit obligations in the balance sheet.

ii) Other Long term employee benefits:

The liabilities for earned leave are not expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. They are therefore measured as the present value of the expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employee up to the end of reporting period using the projected unit credit method. The benefits are discounted using the market yields at the end of the reporting period that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation.

Re-measurements as a result of experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in profit or loss. The obligations are presented as current liabilities in the balance sheet if the entity does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for at least twelve months after the reporting period, regardless of when the actual settlement is expected to occur.

iii) Post-employment obligation:

Payments to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes (provident fund & superannuation) are charged as an expense as they fall due for defined benefit schemes (Gratuity), the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in Other Comprehensive Income for the period in which they occur.

The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

j) Taxes on income - Current Tax:

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred taxes. The income tax expense or credit for the period is the tax payable on the current period''s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate for each jurisdiction adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences and to unused tax losses.

The current income tax charge is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the end of the reporting period. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

Deferred tax is provided in full, using the liability method, on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements.

Deferred income tax is also not accounted for if it arises from initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction other than a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting profit nor taxable profit or loss. Deferred income tax is determined using tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realized or the deferred income tax liability is settled.

Deferred tax assets are recognized only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilize those temporary differences and losses.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities and when the deferred tax balances relate to the same taxation authority. Current tax assets and tax liabilities are offset where there is a legally enforceable right to offset.

Current and deferred tax is recognized in profit or loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

k) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

i) Provisions:

A provision is recorded when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reasonably estimated. The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold based on technical evaluation.

Provisions are measured at the present value of management''s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period. The discount rate used to determine the present value is a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability.

The increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as interest expenses.

ii) Contingent Liabilities:

Wherever there is a possible obligation that arises from past events and whose existence will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the entity or a present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognized because (a) it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; or (b) the amount of the obligation cannot be measured with sufficient reliability.

l) Cash & Cash equivalents:

For the purpose of presentation in the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, deposits held at call with financial institutions, other short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value, and bank overdrafts. Bank overdrafts are shown within borrowings in current liabilities in the balance sheet.

m) Investments & Other financial assets:

i) Classification:

The Company classifies its financial assets in the following categories:

a) Those to be measured subsequently at fair value (either through other comprehensive income, or through profit or loss), and

b) Those measured at amortized cost.

The classification depends on the entity''s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flow.

ii) Measurement:

At Initial recognition, the Company measures a financial asset at its fair value plus (in the case of a financial asset not at fair value through profit or loss) transaction cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in profit or loss.

iii) Debt instruments:

Subsequent measurement of debt instruments depends on the company''s business model for managing the asset and the cash flow characteristics of the asset. There are two measurement categories into which the Company classifies its debt instruments.

iv) Amortized cost:

Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortized cost. A gain or loss on debt investment that is subsequently measured at amortized cost and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognized in profit or loss when the asset is de-recognized or impaired. Interest income from these financial assets is included in finance income using the effective interest rate method.

v) Fair value through Profit & Loss:

Assets that do not meet the criteria for amortized cost or Fair Value through Other Comprehensive Income (FVOCI) are measured at Fair Value Through Profit or Loss (FVTPL). A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at FVTPL and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognized in profit or loss and presented in the statement of profit and loss within other gains / (losses) in the period in which it arises. Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income.

vi) Equity instruments:

The Company subsequently measures all investments in equity (except of the subsidiaries / associate) at fair value. Where the company''s management has elected to present fair value gains and losses on equity investments in other comprehensive income, there is no subsequent reclassification of fair value gains and losses to profit or loss. Dividends from such investments are recognized in profit or loss as other income when the Company''s right to receive payments is established.

Impairment losses (and reversal of impairment losses) on equity investments measured at FVOCI are not reported separately. Where the Company elects to measure fair value through profit and loss, changes in the fair value of such financial assets are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

vii) impairment of Financial Assets:

The company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its assets carried at amortized cost and FVOCI debt instruments. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been significant increase in credit risk.

For trade receivables, the Company applies the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS 109 Financial instruments which requires expected credit losses to be recognized from initial recognition of the receivables.

viii) De-recognition of Financial Assets:

A financial asset is derecognized only when

a) the Company has transferred the rights to receive cash flows from the financial asset or

b) the Company retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial asset, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients.

Where the entity has transferred an asset, the Company evaluates whether it has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset. In such cases, the financial asset is derecognized. Where the entity not transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is not derecognized.

Where the entity has not transferred a financial asset nor retains substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is derecognized, if the Company has not retained control of the financial asset. Where the company retains control of the financial asset, the asset is continued to be recognized to the extent of continuing involvement in the financial asset.

ix) Financial Liabilities:

a) Classification

The Company classifies all financial liabilities as subsequently measured at amortized cost, except for financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss. Such liabilities, including derivatives that are liabilities, shall be subsequently measured at fair value.

b) Initial recognition and measurement:

Financial liabilities are classified, at initial recognition, as financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, loans and borrowings, payables, or as derivatives designated as hedging instruments in an effective hedge, as appropriate.

All financial liabilities are recognized initially at fair value and, in the case of loans and borrowings and payables, net of directly attributable transaction costs.

The Company''s financial liabilities include trade and other payables, loans and borrowings including bank overdrafts, financial guarantee contracts and derivative financial instruments.

c) Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss :

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss include financial liabilities held for trading and financial liabilities designated upon initial recognition as at fair value through profit or loss. Financial liabilities are classified as held for trading if they are incurred for the purpose of repurchasing in the near term.

d) Gains or losses on liabilities held for trading are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Financial liabilities designated upon initial recognition at fair value through profit or loss are designated at the initial date of recognition, and only if the criteria in Ind-AS 109 - "Financial Instruments" are satisfied. For liabilities designated as Fair Value through Profit and Loss ("FVTPL"), fair value gains/ losses attributable to changes in own credit risk are recognized in Other Comprehensive Income ("OCI"). These gains/loss are not subsequently transferred to the Statement of Profit and Loss. However, the Company may transfer the cumulative gain or loss within equity. All other changes in fair value of such liability are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The Company has not designated any financial liability as at fair value through profit or loss.

e) De-recognition:

A financial liability is de-recognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the de-recognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability.

The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

f) Offsetting of financial instruments:

Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the balance sheet if there is a currently enforceable legal right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, to realize the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.

g) Equity instruments:

An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of an entity after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments issued by the Company are recognized at the proceeds received, net of direct issue costs.

Repurchase of the Company''s own equity instruments is recognized and deducted directly in equity. No gain or loss is recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss on the purchase, sale, issue or cancellation of the Company''s own equity instruments.

x) Income Recognition

a) Interest Income:

Generally, interest income from debt instruments is recognized using the effective interest rate method. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to the gross carrying value of a financial asset. While calculating the effective interest rate, the Company estimates the expected cash flows by considering all the contractual terms of the financial instrument (for example, prepayment, extension, call and similar options), but does not consider the expected credit losses.

b) Dividends:

Dividends are recognized in profit or loss only when the right to receive payment is established, it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the dividend will flow to the Company, and the amount of dividend can be reliably measured.

xi) Earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post-tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year including potential equity shares, if any, on compulsory convertible debentures. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post-tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income (net of any attributable taxes) relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

n) Cash flow Statements:

Cash flow statements are prepared using the indirect method whereby profit for the period is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows are segregated into Operating, Investing and Financing activities of the Company.

o) Dividends Paid:

Final dividends on shares are recorded as a liability on the date of approval by the shareholders and interim dividends are recorded as a liability on the date of declaration by the Board of Directors of the Company.

4) First-time adoption of Ind AS:

i) These standalone financial statements of the company for the year ended March 31,2017 have been prepared in accordance with IND AS. For the purposes of transition to IND AS, the Company has followed the guidance prescribed in IND AS 101 - First Time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standard, with April 1, 2015 as the transition date and IGAAP as the previous GAAP

The transition to IND AS has resulted in the presentation of financial statements, disclosures in the notes thereto and accounting policies and principles. The accounting policies set out in Note 3 have been applied in preparing the standalone financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2017 and the comparative information.

In transiting the financial statements from the IGAAP to IND AS as already mentioned, the Company had chosen the options and exemptions available under IND AS 101 - First Time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standard selectively.

Principally, as provided by Paragraph 10 of IND AS 101, the Company had aligned with the accounting principles and standards prescribed by IND AS. Further, as provided by paragraph D7AA of Appendix D Exemptions from other Ind ASs of IND AS 101, the Company had opted for the Written Down Values as of March 31, 2015 to be deemed cost of tangible and intangible assets on April 1, 2015. Also, the previous GAAP carrying values of investment in Subsidiary as on March 31, 2015 and the investment in Associate, the fair value have been adopted as the deemed cost per paragraphs D14 and D15 of Ind AS 101.

With regard to the deemed cost of Tangible and Intangible assets refer to above, as of 31-Mar- 2015, the details of the assets works as follows:

Total cost incurred up to 31-Mar-2015 (Gross Block) = Rs. 10,744.07 Lakhs Accumulated Depreciation up to 31-Mar-2015 = Rs. 6,568.50 Lakhs

ii) Reconciliations:

The following reconciliations provide the effect of transition to IND AS from IGAAP in accordance with Ind AS 101.

1. Equity as at April 1, 2015 and March 31, 2016

2. Net profit for the year ended March 31, 2016

Reconciliation of Equity as previously reported under IGAAP to IND AS is provided below


Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of Accounting :

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (GAAP). The financial statements comply with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) and the mandatory Accounting Standards and statements issued by the Central Government of India under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. Accrual system of accounting is generally followed to record income and expenditure. Cash flows are reported using the indirect method whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non -cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

b) Use of estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which results are known/materialize.

c) Operating cycle for current and non-current classification :

The classification between non-current and current elements of the Balance Sheet is determined by the Operating Cycle, which is deemed to be twelve months in the case of the Company. "Operating Cycle" is defined as the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents.

d) Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets :

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and amortisation. Direct costs are capitalised till the assets are ready to be put to use. Interest cost of qualifying assets if any is capitalized as per the Accounting Standard 16, "Borrowing costs".

ii) All Plant & Machinery including electrical installations acquired upto 1996-97 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1996-97 are shown at acquisition cost.

iii) Other fixed assets acquired upto 1992-93 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1992-93 are shown at acquisition cost.

d) Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost with decline in value other than temporary being provided in the statement of profit and loss account. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair market value with provision being made for diminution in value in the statement of profit and loss.

f) Inventories:

I) Raw materials, components and Stores are generally valued at least of cost or net realisable value. However, if the cost of the finished goods into which these materials are incorporated exceeds the net realisable value of the finished goods then the materials are written down to their net realisable value. Cost is arrived on weighted average basis.

ii) Work-in-progress is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads

iii) Finished goods in warehouse and finished goods in transit are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads and Excise duty

iv) Loose Tools are written off in full in the year of purchase.

v) Inventories are stated after adequate provision for non-moving, obsolete, surplus and defective items

g) Revaluation Reserve: (Refer Note No.26 (d) )

The Revaluation Reserve is created on writing up of asset values with the corresponding credit being given to Revaluation Reserve. As mentioned in item (i) below, no amount of depreciation is adjusted to the Revaluation Reserve. As and when an asset is sold, discarded or scrapped, the necessary adjustments are made to the Revaluation Reserve.

h) Government Grants

I) Subsidy received from Government as contribution towards capital outlay for setting up industry in a backward area is treated as capital reserve.

ii) Subsidy received for purchase of specific assets is reduced from the cost of the assets.

i) Depreciation :

I) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method based on the useful life of the assets prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

ii) Depreciation on additions to fixed assets during the year is provided for the whole year.

iii) Depreciation is charged on the revalued amounts of assets to the profit and loss account without any adjustment being made to the Revaluation Reserve.

iv) Depreciation on disposals to fixed assets is provided till the date of such sale/ deletion.

j) Impairment of Assets :

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

k) Research and development :

All expenditure including capital expenditure is charged off to profit and loss account.

l) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs incurred for acquiring, constructing and producing a qualifying asset are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are charged off to the statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they are incurred.

m) Taxation

The company is accounting for taxes in accordance with the Accounting Standard AS 22 "Accounting for Taxes on income" notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. Consequently, the tax provision includes the income tax payable on the estimated taxable income as well as the tax impact arising on account of timing differences thus ensuring that the income and taxes thereon are matched.

n) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are generally accounted at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year end are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Any difference arising at the time of settlement/restatement is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. In the case of forward contracts, the differences between the transaction exchange rate and the forward rate is recognised as income or expense over the life of the contract

The company also enters into foreign currency transactions as hedges against firm commitments/highly probable forecast cash flows from time to time as per its requirements of risk management. The losses or gains arising out of these transactions as at the end of the financial year in respect of contracts that are outstanding are marked to market and taken to the statement of profit and loss. However, where hedges are proved to be effective, the loss or gain is taken to the reserves and surplus in the balance sheet initially at the end of the financial year and accounted in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which underlying transactions matures.

o) Revenue Recognition :

a) Sales shown in the Profit and Loss Account exclude sales tax. Sales made on FOR basis are accounted on the basis of goods acknowledged to have been received by customers before the year end. Goods not taken delivery by customers before the end of the year are treated as finished goods in transit. Price increases from customers are accounted in the year of receipt. Price reductions/discounts are accounted in the year in which the Company accepts claims.

b) Dividends are accounted when the right to receive is established.

p) Employee Benefits :

i) Short term employee benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service.

ii) Post-Employment benefit Plans

Payments to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes (provident fund) are charged as an expense as they fall due.

For defined benefit schemes (Gratuity), the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

q) Early Separation Scheme :

The expenditure on Early Separation scheme is charged off to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which it is incurred.

r) Contingencies and Provisions :

Contingent losses arising on Assessment are recorded when it is probable that the liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

A Provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of Accounting :

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (GAAP). The financial statements comply with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956 (the Act) and the mandatory Accounting Standards and statements issued by the Central Government of India under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006. Accrual system of accounting is generally followed to record income and expenditure.

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non -cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

b) Use of estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which results are known/materialize.

c) Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets :

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and amortisation. Direct costs are capitalised till the assets are ready to be put to use. Interest cost if any is capitalized as per the Accounting Standard 16, "Borrowing costs"

ii) All Plant & Machinery including electrical installations acquired upto 1996-97 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1996-97 are shown at acquisition cost.

iii) Other fixed assets acquired upto 1992-93 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1992-93 are shown at acquisition cost.

d) Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost with decline in value other than temporary being provided in the statement of profit and loss account. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair market value with provision being made for diminution in value in the statement of profit and loss.

e) Inventories:

I) Raw materials, components and Stores are generally valued at least of cost or net realisable value. However, if the cost of the finished goods into which these materials

are incorporated exceeds the net realisable value of the finished goods then the materials are written down to their net realisable value. Cost is arrived on weighted average basis.

ii) Work-in-progress is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads iii) Finished goods in warehouse and finished goods in transit are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads and excise duty

iv) Loose Tools are written off in full in the year of purchase.

v) Inventories are stated after adequate provision for non-moving, obsolete, surplus and defective items

f) Revaluation Reserve:

The Revaluation Reserve is created on writing up of asset values with the corresponding credit being given to Revaluation Reserve. As mentioned in item (h) below, no amount of depreciation is adjusted to the Revaluation Reserve. As and when an asset is sold, discarded or scrapped, the necessary adjustments are made to the Revaluation Reserve.

g) Government Grants

I) Subsidy received from Government as contribution towards capital outlay for setting up industry in a backward area is treated as capital reserve.

ii) Subsidy received for purchase of specific assets is reduced from the cost of the assets.

h) Depreciation :

I) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956.

ii) Depreciation on additions to fixed assets during the year is provided for the whole year.

iii) Depreciation is charged on the revalued amounts of assets to the profit and loss account without any adjustment being made to the Revaluation Reserve.

iv) Depreciation on disposals to fixed assets is provided till the date of such sale/deletion i) Impairment of Assets :

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

j) Research and development :

All expenditure including capital expenditure is charged off to profit and loss account.

k) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs incurred for acquiring, constructing and producing a qualifying asset are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are charged off to the statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they are incurred.

l) Taxation

The company is accounting for taxes in accordance with the Accounting Standard AS 22 "Accounting for Taxes on income" notified under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006.Consequently, the tax provision includes the income tax payable on the estimated taxable income as well as the tax impact arising on account of timing differences thus ensuring that the income and taxes thereon are matched.

m) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are generally accounted at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year end are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Any difference arising at the time of settlement/restatement is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. In the case of forward contracts, the differences between the transaction exchange rate and the forward rate is recognised as income or expense over the life of the contract

The company also enters into foreign currency transactions as hedges against firm commitments/highly probable forecast cash flows from time to time as per its requirements of risk management. The losses or gains arising out of these transactions as at the end of the financial year in respect of contracts that are outstanding are marked to market and taken to the statement of profit and loss. However, where hedges are proved to be effective, the loss or gain is taken to the reserves and surplus in the balance sheet initially at the end of the financial year and accounted in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which underlying transactions mature.

n) Revenue Recognition :

a) Sales shown in the Profit and Loss Account exclude sales tax. Sales made on FOR basis are accounted on the basis of goods acknowledged to have been received by customers before the year end. Goods not taken delivery by customers before the end of the year are treated as finished goods in transit. Price increases from customers are accounted in the year of receipt. Price reductions/discounts are accounted in the year in which the Company accepts claims.

b) Dividends are accounted when the right to receive is established.

o) Employee Benefits :

i) Short term employee benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service.

ii) Post-Employment benefit Plans

Payments to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes (provident fund) are charged as an expense as they fall due. For defined benefit schemes (Gratuity), the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

p) Early Separation Scheme :

The expenditure on Early Separation scheme is charged off to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which it is incurred.

q) Contingencies and Provisions :

Contingent losses arising on Assessment are recorded when it is probable that the liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

A Provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of Accounting :

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (GAAP). The financial statements comply with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956 (the Act) and the mandatory Accounting Standards and statements issued by the Central Government of India under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006. Accrual system of accounting is generally followed to record income and expenditure.

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non -cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

b) Use of estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which results are known/materialize.

c) Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets :

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and amortisation. Direct costs are capitalised till the assets are ready to be put to use. Interest cost if any is capitalized as per the Accounting Standard 16, "Borrowing costs".

ii) All Plant & Machinery including electrical installations acquired upto 1996-97 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1996-97 are shown at acquisition cost..

iii) Other fixed assets acquired upto 1992-93 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1992-93 are shown at acquisition cost.

d) Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost with decline in value other than temporary being provided in the statement of profit and loss account. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair market value with provision being made for diminution in value in the statement of profit and loss.

e) Inventories:

I) Raw materials, components and Stores are generally valued at least of cost or net realisable value. However, if the cost of the finished goods into which these materials are incorporated exceeds the net realisable value of the finished goods then the materials are written down to their net realisable value. Cost is arrived on weighted average basis.

ii) Work-in-progress is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads

iii) Finished goods in warehouse and finished goods in transit are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads and Excise duty

iv) Loose Tools are written off in full in the year of purchase.

v) Inventories are stated after adequate provision for non-moving, obsolete, surplus and defective items

f) Revaluation Reserve:

The Revaluation Reserve is created on writing up of asset values with the corresponding credit being given to Revaluation Reserve. As mentioned in item (h) below, no amount of depreciation is adjusted to the Revaluation Reserve. As and when an asset is sold, discarded or scrapped, the necessary adjustments are made to the Revaluation Reserve.

g) Government Grants

I) Subsidy received from Government as contribution towards capital outlay for setting up

industry in a backward area is treated as capital reserve. ii) Subsidy received for purchase of specific assets is reduced from the cost of the assets.

h) Depreciation :

I) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act.,1956.

ii) Depreciation on additions to fixed assets during the year is provided for the whole year. iii) Depreciation is charged on the revalued amounts of assets to the profit and loss account without any adjustment being made to the Revaluation Reserve. iv) Depreciation on disposals to fixed assets is provided till the date of such sale/deletion

i) Impairment of Assets :

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

j) Research and development :

All expenditure including capital expenditure is charged off to profit and loss account.

k) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs incurred for acquiring, constructing and producing a qualifying asset are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are charged off to the statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they are incurred.

l) Taxation

The company is accounting for taxes in accordance with the Accounting Standard AS 22 "Accounting for Taxes on income" notified under Company (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006. Consequently, the tax provision includes the income tax payable on the estimated taxable income as well as the tax impact arising on account of timing differences thus ensuring that the income and taxes thereon are matched.

m) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are generally accounted at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year end are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Any difference arising at the time of settlement/restatement is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. In the case of forward contracts, the differences between the transaction exchange rate and the forward rate is recognised as income or expense over the life of the contract.

The company also enters into foreign currency transactions as hedges against firm commitments/highly probable forecast cash flows from time to time as per its requirements of risk management. The losses or gains arising out of these transactions as at the end of the financial year in respect of contracts that are outstanding are marked to market and taken to the statement of profit and loss. However, where hedges are proved to be effective, the loss or gain is taken to the reserves and surplus in the balance sheet initially at the end of the financial year and accounted in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which underlying transactions matures.

n) Revenue Recognition :

a) Sales shown in the Profit and Loss Account exclude sales tax. Sales made on FOR basis are accounted on the basis of goods acknowledged to have been received by customers before the year end. Goods not taken delivery by customers before the end of the year are treated as finished goods in transit. Price increases from customers are accounted in the year of receipt. Price reductions/discounts are accounted in the year in which the Company accepts claims.

b) Dividends are accounted when the right to receive is established.

o) Employee Benefits :

i) Short term employee benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service.

ii) Post-Employment benefit Plans

Payments to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes (provident fund) are charged as an expense as they fall due.

For defined benefit schemes (Gratuity), the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

p) Early Separation Scheme :

The expenditure on Early Separation scheme is charged off to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which it is incurred.

q) Contingencies and Provisions :

Contingent losses arising on Assessment are recorded when it is probable that the liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. A Provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of Accounting :

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (GAAP) The financial statements comply with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956 (the Act) and the mandatory Accounting Standards and statements issued by the Central Government of India under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006. Accrual system of accounting is generally followed to record income and expenditure.

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non -cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

b) Use of estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which results are known/materialize.

c) Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets :

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and amortisation. Direct costs are capitalised till the assets are ready to be put to use. Interest cost if any is capitalized as per the Accounting Standard 16, "Borrowing costs".

ii) All Plant & Machinery including electrical installations acquired upto 1996-97 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1996-97 are shown at acquisition cost..

iii) Other fixed assets acquired upto 1992-93 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1992-93 are shown at acquisition cost.

d) Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost with decline in value other than temporary being provided in the statement of profit and loss account. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair market value with provision being made for diminution in value in the statement of profit and loss.

e) Inventories:

I) Raw materials, components and Stores are generally valued at least of cost or net realisable value. However, if the cost of the finished goods into which these materials are incorporated exceeds the net realisable value of the finished goods then the materials are written down to their net realisable value. Cost is arrived on weighted average basis,

ii) Work-in-progress is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads

iii) Finished goods in warehouse and finished goods in transit are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads and Excise duty

iv) Loose Tools are written off in full in the year of purchase.

v) Inventories are stated after adequate provision for non-moving, obsolete, surplus and defective items

f) Revaluation Reserve:

The Revaluation Reserve is created on writing up of asset values with the corresponding credit being given to Revaluation Reserve. As mentioned in item (h) below, no amount of depreciation is adjusted to the Revaluation Reserve. As and when an asset is sold, discarded or scrapped, the necessary adjustments are made to the Revaluation Reserve.

g) Government Grants

I) Subsidy received from Government as contribution towards capital outlay for setting up industry in a backward area is treated as capital reserve, ii) Subsidy received for purchase of specific assets is reduced from the cost of the assets.

h) Depreciation :

I) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act., 1956.

ii) Depreciation on additions to fixed assets during the year is provided for the whole year.

iii) Depreciation is charged on the revalued amounts of assets to the profit and loss account without any adjustment being made to the Revaluation Reserve.

iv) Depreciation on disposals to fixed assets is provided till the date of such sale/deletion

i) Impairment of Assets :

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

j) Research and development:

All expenditure including capital expenditure is charged off to profit and loss account.

k) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs incurred for acquiring, constructing and producing a qualifying asset are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are charged off to the statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they are incurred.

I) Taxation

The company is accounting for taxes in accordance with the Accounting Standard AS 22 'Accounting for Taxes on income' notified under Company (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006. Consequently, the tax provision includes the income tax payable on the estimated taxable income as well as the tax impact arising on account of timing differences thus ensuring that the income and taxes thereon are matched.

m) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are generally accounted at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year end are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Any difference arising at the time of settlement/restatement is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. In the case of forward contracts, the differences between the transaction exchange rate and the forward rate is recognised as income or expense over the life of the contract.

The company also enters into foreign currency transactions as hedges against firm commitments/highly probable forecast cash flows from time to time as per its requirements of risk management. The losses or gains arising out of these transactions as at the end of the financial year in respect of contracts that are outstanding are marked to market and taken to the statement of profit and loss. However, where hedges are proved to be effective, the loss or gain is taken to the reserves and surplus in the balance sheet initially at the end of the financial year and accounted in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which underlying transactions matures.

n) Revenue Recognition :

a) Sales shown in the Profit and Loss Account exclude sales tax. Sales made on FOR basis are accounted on the basis of goods acknowledged to have been received by customers before the year end. Goods not taken delivery by customers before the end of the year are treated as finished goods in transit. Price increases from customers are accounted in the year of receipt. Price reductions/discounts are accounted in the year in which the Company accepts claims,

b) Dividends are accounted when the right to receive is established,

o) Employee Benefits :

i) Short term employee benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service.

ii) Post-Employment benefit Plans

Payments to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes (provident fund) are charged as an expense as they fall due.

For defined benefit schemes (Gratuity), the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

p) Early Separation Scheme :

The expenditure on Early Separation scheme is charged off to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which it is incurred.

q) Contingencies and Provisions :

Contingent losses arising on Assessment are recorded when it is probable that the liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

A Provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.


Mar 31, 2011

A) Basis of Accounting :

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (GAAP). The financial statements comply with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956 (the Act) and the mandatory Accounting Standards and statements issued by the Central Government of India under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006. Accrual system of accounting is generally followed to record income and expenditure. Cash flows are reported using the indirect method whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non -cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

b) Use of estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which results are known/materialize.

c) Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets :

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and amortisation. Direct costs are capitalised till the assets are ready to be put to use. Interest cost if any is capitalized as per the Accounting Standard 16, "Borrowing costs".

ii) All Plant & Machinery including electrical installations acquired upto 1996-97 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1996-97 are shown at acquisition cost..

iii) Other fixed assets acquired upto 1992-93 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1992-93 are shown at acquisition cost.

d) Investments:

Long term investments are carried at cost with decline in value other than temporary being provided in the profit and loss account. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair market value with provision being made for diminution in value in the profit and loss account.

e) Inventories :

I) Raw materials and components and Stores are generally valued at least of cost or net realisable value. However, if the cost of the finished goods into which these materials are incorporated exceeds the net realisable value of the finished goods then the materials are written down to their net realisable value. Cost is arrived on weighted average basis.

ii) Work-in-progress is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads

iii) Finished goods in warehouse and finished goods in transit are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads and Excise duty

iv) Loose Tools are written off in full in the year of purchase.

v) Inventories are stated after adequate provision for non-moving, obsolete, surplus and defective items

f) Revaluation Reserve : (Refer note 11 c above)

The Revaluation Reserve is created on writing up of asset values with the corresponding credit being given to Revaluation Reserve. As mentioned in item (h) below, no amount of depreciation is adjusted to the Revaluation Reserve. As and when an asset is sold, discarded or scrapped, the necessary adjustments are made to the Revaluation Reserve.

g) Government Grants :

I) Subsidy received from Government as contribution towards capital outlay for setting up industry in a backward area is treated as capital reserve. ii) Subsidy received for purchase of specific assets is reduced from the cost of the assets.

h) Depreciation :

I) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

ii) Depreciation on additions to fixed assets during the year is provided for the whole year.

iii) Depreciation is charged on the revalued amounts of assets to the profit and loss account without any adjustment being made to the Revaluation Reserve.

iv) Depreciation on deletions to fixed assets is provided till the date of such sale/deletion

i) Impairment of Assets :

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment,

j) Research and development:

All expenditure including capital expenditure is charged off to profit and loss account.

k) Borrowing costs :

Borrowing costs incurred for acguiring, constructing and producing a gualifying asset are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which they are incurred.

I) Taxation :

The company is accounting for taxes in accordance with the Accounting Standard AS 22 'Accounting for Taxes on income" notified under Company (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006. Conseauently, the tax provision includes the income tax payable on the estimated taxable income as well as the tax impact arising on account of timing differences thus ensuring that the income and taxes thereon are matched.

m) Foreign Currency Transactions :

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are generally accounted at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year end are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Any difference arising at the time of settlement/restatement is recognised in the profit and loss account. In the case of forward contracts, the differences between the transaction exchange rate and the forward rate is recognised as income or expense over the life of the contract.

The company also enters into foreign currency transactions as hedges against firm commitments/highly probable forecast cash flows from time to time as per its reguirements of risk management. The losses or gains arising out of these transactions as at the end of the financial year in respect of contracts that are outstanding are marked to market and taken to the profit and loss account. However, where hedges are proved to be effective, the loss or gain is taken to the reserves and surplus in the balance sheet initially at the end of the financial year and accounted in the profit and loss account in the period in which underlying transactions matures.

n) Revenue Recognition :

a) Sales shown in the Profit and Loss Account exclude sales tax. Sales made on FOR basis are accounted on the basis of goods acknowledged to have been received by customers before the year end. Goods not taken delivery by customers before the end of the year are treated as finished goods in transit. Price increases from customers are accounted in the year of receipt. Price reductions/discounts are accounted in the year in which the Company accepts claims.

b) Dividends are accounted when the right to receive is established.

o) Employee Benefits :

i) Short term employee benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service.

ii) Post-Employment benefit Plans

Payments to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes (provident fund) are charged as an expense as they fall due.

For defined benefit schemes (Gratuity), the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the Profit and Loss account for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

p) Early Separation Scheme :

The expenditure on Early Separation scheme is charged off to the profit and loss account in the year in which it is incurred.

q) Contingencies and Provisions :

Contingent losses arising on Assessment are recorded when it is probable that the liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

A Provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

12.The Company has sent circular to suppliers/vendors for getting information as required under "Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act 2006". No vendor has given registration details. However, they have indicated their status of undertaking as defined under the Act. With the available information, the amount outstanding as on 31st March 2011 (Rs. 157.86 lacs) (Previous year Rs. 141.70 lacs). Further no interest has been paid or payable in the opinion of the Management to such parties as per the said Act.

13.The fixed assets were revalued in the year 1992-93 by which the value of the assets were written up by Rs.230.71 lacs after technical assessment with the corresponding credit being given to Revaluation Reserve, These assets were fully written off in the books of account as on 31 st March 1997. In the year 1997-98, the fixed assets comprising of plant & machinery and electrical installations were revalued again after a technical assessment by which the values of these assets were written up by Rs.233.30 lacs with the corresponding credit being given to Revaluation Reserve. As mentioned in Note No. 11 (h)(iii) of notes on accounts, depreciation is computed on the revalued amounts and is charged off to the profit and loss account in full without withdrawing any amount from the revaluation reserve. The additional amount charged as depreciation for the year is Rs. 1.71 lacs (previous year Rs.2.00 lacs).


Mar 31, 2010

A) Basis of Accounting :

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (GAAP). The financial statements comply with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956 (the Act) and the mandatory Accounting Standards and statements issued by the Central Government of India under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006. Accrual system of accounting is generally followed to record income and expenditure. Cash flows are reported using the indirect method whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

b) Use of estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which results are known/materialize.

c) Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets :

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and amortisation. Direct costs are capitalised till the assets are ready to be put to use. Interest cost if any is capitalized as per the Accounting Standard 16, "Borrowing costs".

ii) All Plant & Machinery including electrical installations acquired upto 1996-97 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1996-97 are shown at acquisition cost.

iii) Other fixed assets acquired upto 1992-93 are shown at the replacement cost based on technical assessment and assets acquired after 1992-93 are shown at acquisition cost.

d) Investments :

Long term investments are carried at cost with decline in value other than temporary being provided in the Profit and Loss Account. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair market value with provision being made for diminution in value in the Profit and Loss Account.

e) Inventories :

I) Raw materials and components and Stores are generally valued at cost. However, if the cost of the finished goods into which these materials are incorporated exceeds the net realisable value of the finished goods then the materials are written down to their net realisable value.

Cost is arrived on weighted average basis.

ii) Work-in-progress is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads.

iii) Finished goods in warehouse and finished goods in transit are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is arrived at material cost plus labour and appropriate element of overheads and Excise duty.

iv) Loose Tools are written off in full in the year of purchase.

v) Inventories are stated after adequate provision for non-moving, obsolete, surplus and defective items.

f) Revaluation Reserve : (Refer note 11 c above)

The Revaluation Reserve is created on writing up of asset values with the corresponding credit being given to Revaluation Reserve. As mentioned in item (h) below, no amount of depreciation is adjusted to the Revaluation Reserve. As and when an asset is sold, discarded or scrapped, the necessary adjustments are made to the Revaluation Reserve.

g) Government Grants :

I) Subsidy received from Government as contribution towards capital outlay for setting up industry in a backward area is treated as capital reserve. ii) Subsidy received for purchase of specific assets is reduced from the cost of the assets.

h) Depreciation :

I) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act.,1956.

ii) Depreciation on additions to fixed assets during the year is provided for the whole year.

iii) Depreciation is charged on the revalued amounts of assets to the Profit and Loss Account without any adjustment being made to the Revaluation Reserve.

iv) Depreciation on deletions to fixed assets is provided till the date of such sale/deletion.

i) Impairment of Assets :

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life. A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usua depreciation if there was no impairment.

j) Research and development :

All expenditure including capital expenditure is charged off to Profit and Loss Account.

k) Borrowing costs :

Borrowing costs incurred for acquiring, constructing and producing a qualifying asset are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account in the yea in which they are incurred.

l) Taxation :

The company is accounting for taxes in accordance with the Accounting Standard AS 22 "Accounting for Taxes" notified under sub section 3 ( c ) of Section 211 of the Companies Act, 1956. Consequently, the tax provision includes the income tax payable on the estimated taxable income as well as the tax impact arising on account of timing differences thus ensuring that the income and taxes thereon are matched.

m) Foreign Currency Transactions :

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are generally accounted at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year end are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Any difference arising at the time of settlement/restatement is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. In the case of forward contracts, the differences between the transaction exchange rate and the forward rate is recognised as income or expense over the life of the contract.

The company also enters into foreign currency transactions as hedges against highly probable forecast cash flows from time to time as per its requirements of risk management. The losses or gains arising out of these transactions as at the end of the financial year in respect of contracts that are outstanding are marked to market and taken to the Profit and Loss Account. However, where hedges are proved to be effective, the loss or gain is taken to the reserves and surplus in the Balance Sheet initially at the end of the financial year and accounted in the Profit and Loss Account in the period in which underlying transactions matures.

n) Revenue Recognition :

a) Sales shown in the Profit and Loss Account exclude sales tax. Sales made on FOR basis are accounted on the basis of goods acknowledged to have been received by customers before the year end. Goods not taken delivery by customers before the end of the year are treated as finished goods in transit. Price increases from customers are accounted in the year of receipt. Price reductions/discounts are accounted in the year in which the Company accepts claims.

b) Dividends are accounted when the right to receive is established.

o) Employee Benefits :

i) Short term employee benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service.

ii) Post-Employment benefit Plans Payments to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes (provident fund) are charged as an expense as they fall due.

For defined benefit schemes (Gratuity), the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the Profit and Loss Account for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on straight line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

p) Early Separation Scheme :

The expenditure on Early Separation scheme is charged off to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which it is incurred.

q) Contingencies and Provisions :

Contingent losses arising on Assessment are recorded when it is probable that the liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

A Provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

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