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Accounting Policies of Indian Hotels Company Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

Note12 : Basis of preparation, Critical accounting Estimates and Judgements, significant accounting policies and recent accounting pronouncements

The financial statements have been prepared on the following basis:

(a) Statement of compliance

In accordance with the notification issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, the Company has adopted Indian Accounting Standards (referred to as “Ind AS”) notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 with effect from April 1, 2016. Previous periods have been restated to Ind AS. In accordance with Ind AS 101 Firsttime Adoption of Indian Accounting Standard, the Company has presented a reconciliation from the presentation of financial statements under Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (“Previous GAAP”) to Ind AS of Shareholders’ equity as at March 31, 2016 and April 1, 2015 and of the comprehensive net income for the year ended March 31, 2016.

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Ind AS as notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 read with Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013.

(b) Basis of preparation

These financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair value at the end of each reporting period. Historical cost is generally based on the fair value of the consideration given in exchange for goods and services. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Current Assets do not include elements which are not expected to be realised within 1 year and Current Liabilities do not include items which are due after 1 year, the period of 1 year being reckoned from the reporting date.

(c) Critical accounting estimates and judgements

The preparation of these financial statements in conformity with the recognition and measurement principles of Ind AS requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions, that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities, disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses for the years presented. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimates are revised and in any future periods affected.

In particular, information about significant areas of estimation, uncertainty and critical judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the financial statements pertain to:

- Useful lives of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets: The Company has estimated useful life of each class of assets based on the nature of assets, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating condition of the asset, past history of replacement, anticipated technological changes, etc. The Company reviews the useful life of property, plant and equipment and Intangible assets as at the end of each reporting period. This reassessment may result in change in depreciation expense in future periods.

- impairment testing: Property, plant and equipment and Intangible assets that are subject to amortisation/ depreciation are tested for impairment when events occur or changes in circumstances indicate that the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit is less than its carrying value. The recoverable amount of cash generating units is higher of value-in-use and fair value less cost to sell. The calculation involves use of significant estimates and assumptions which includes turnover and earnings multiples, growth rates and net margins used to calculate projected future cash flows, risk-adjusted discount rate, future economic and market conditions.

- impairment of investments: The Company reviews its carrying value of investments carried at cost or amortised cost annually, or more frequently when there is indication for impairment. If the recoverable amount is less than its carrying amount, the impairment loss is accounted for.

- income Taxes: Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent that it is regarded as probable that deductible temporary differences can be realized. The Company estimates deferred tax assets and liabilities based on current tax laws and rates and in certain cases, business plans, including management’s expectations regarding the manner and timing of recovery of the related assets. Changes in these estimates may affect the amount of deferred tax liabilities or the valuation of deferred tax assets and thereby the tax charge in the Statement of Profit or Loss.

Provision for tax liabilities require judgements on the interpretation of tax legislation, developments in case law and the potential outcomes of tax audits and appeals which may be subject to significant uncertainty. Therefore the actual results may vary from expectations resulting in adjustments to provisions, the valuation of deferred tax assets, cash tax settlements and therefore the tax charge in the Statement of Profit or Loss.

- loyalty programme: The Company estimates the fair value of points awarded under the Loyalty Programme by applying statistical techniques. Inputs include making assumptions about expected breakages, the mix of products that will be available for redemption in the future and customer preferences, redemption at own hotels and other participating hotels.

- fair value measurement of derivative and other financial instruments: The fair value of financial instruments that are not traded in an active market is determined by using valuation techniques. This involves significant judgements in selection of a method in making assumptions that are mainly based on market conditions existing at the Balance Sheet date and in identifying the most appropriate estimate of fair value when a wide range of fair value measurements are possible.

- litigation: From time to time, the Company is subject to legal proceedings the ultimate outcome of each being always subject to many uncertainties inherent in litigation. A provision for litigation is made when it is considered probable that a payment will be made and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Significant judgement is made when evaluating, among other factors, the probability of unfavorable outcome and the ability to make a reasonable estimate of the amount of potential loss. Litigation provisions are reviewed at each accounting period and revisions made for the changes in facts and circumstances.

- defined benefit plans: The cost of the defined benefit plans and the present value of the defined benefit obligation are based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases and mortality rates. Due to the complexities involved in the valuation and its long term nature, a defined benefit obligation is highly sensitive to changes in these assumptions. All assumptions are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

Significant Accounting policies

(d) Revenue recognition :

Income from operations

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Revenue comprises sale of rooms, food and beverages and allied services relating to hotel operations, including management fees for the management of the hotels.

Revenue is recognised upon rendering of the service, provided pervasive evidence of an arrangement exists, tariff / rates are fixed or are determinable and collectability is reasonably certain. Revenue from sales of goods or rendering of services is net of Indirect taxes, returns and discounts.

The Company operates loyalty programme, which allows its eligible customers to earn points based on their spending at the hotels. The points so earned by such customers are accumulated. The revenues allocated to award points is deferred and on redemption of the award points, the revenue is recognised. Membership fees received from the loyalty program is recognised as revenue on time-proportion basis.

Management fees earned from hotels managed by the Company are usually under long-term contracts with the hotel owner and is recognised when earned in accordance with the terms of the contract.

Interest

Interest income is accrued on a time proportion basis using the effective interest rate method. dividend

Dividend income is recognized when the Company’s right to receive the amount is established.

(e) Employee Benefits

i. provident fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees’ salary (currently 12% of employees’ salary), which is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the year. The contributions as specified under the law are paid to the provident fund set up as irrevocable trust by the Company or to respective Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. The Company is generally liable for annual contributions and any shortfall in the fund assets based on the minimum rates of return prescribed by the Central Government and recognises such contributions and shortfall, if any, as an expense in the year in which the corresponding services are rendered by the Employee.

ii. Gratuity fund

The Company makes annual contributions to gratuity funds administered by the trustees for amounts notified by the funds. The Gratuity plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death or termination of employment of an amount based on the respective employee’s last drawn salary and tenure of employment. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations for gratuity benefits, based on an independent actuarial valuation, determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method, carried out as at the Balance Sheet date. The obligation determined as aforesaid less the fair value of the plan assets is reported as a liability or assets as of the reporting date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Other Comprehensive Income and reflected in retained earnings and will not be reclassified to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. Post-retirement pension scheme and Medical Benefits

a) The net present value of the Company’s obligation towards post retirement pension scheme for retired whole time directors and post employment medical benefits to qualifying employees is actuarially determined, based on the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Other Comprehensive Income and reflected in retained earnings and will not be reclassified to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

b) The Company also has separate funded and unfunded schemes, which guarantee a minimum pension to certain categories of employees. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations therein, based on an independent external actuarial valuation, carried out as at the Balance Sheet date, which is determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Other Comprehensive Income and reflected in retained earnings and will not be reclassified to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iv. Superannuation

The Company has a defined contribution plan for eligible employees, wherein it annually contributes a sum equivalent to a defined percentage of the eligible employee’s annual basic salary to a fund administered by the trustees. The Company recognises such contributions as an expense in the year in which the corresponding services are received from the employee.

v. Compensated absences

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognised as an actuarially determined liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the Balance Sheet date.

vi. Short Term obligations

The costs of all short-term employee benefits (that are expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service) are recognised during the period in which the employee renders the related services. The accruals for employee entitlements of benefits such as salaries, bonuses and annual leave represent the amount which the Company has a present obligation to pay as a result of the employees’ services and the obligation can be measured reliably. The accruals have been calculated at undiscounted amounts based on current salary levels at the Balance Sheet date.

(f) Property, plant and Equipment:

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation (other than freehold land) and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

All property, plant and equipment are initially recorded at cost. Cost includes the acquisition cost or the cost of construction, including duties and non-refundable taxes, expenses directly related to bringing the asset to the location and condition necessary for making them operational for their intended use and, in the case of qualifying assets, the attributable borrowing costs (refer note no. 2(o), Page 117). Initial estimate of costs of dismantling and removing the item and restoring the site on which it is located is also included if there is an obligation to restore it. First time issues of operating supplies for a new hotel property, consisting of linen and chinaware, glassware and silverware (CGS) are capitalised and depreciated over their estimated useful life.

Subsequent expenditure relating to property, plant and equipment is capitalised only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with these will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably.

An asset’s carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset’s carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount.

Depreciation is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss so as to expense the cost of assets (other than freehold land and properties under construction) less their residual values over their useful lives, using the straight line method, as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of the following categories of assets, in whose case the life of the assets had been re-assessed as under based on technical evaluation, taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating conditions of the asset, past history of replacement, anticipated technological changes, manufacturers’ warranties and maintenance support, etc.

In respect of Leasehold Buildings, depreciation on buildings on leased properties is based on the tenure which is lower of the life of the buildings or the expected lease period. Improvements to buildings are depreciated on the basis of their estimated useful lives.

Freehold land is not depreciated.

The assets’ useful lives and residual values are reviewed at the Balance Sheet date and the effect of any changes in estimates are accounted for on a prospective basis.

An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from the continued use of the asset. Any gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an item of property, plant and equipment is determined as the difference between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

For transition to Ind AS, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its property, plant and equipment recognized as of April 1, 2015 (transition date ) measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.

Capital work in progress represents projects under which the property, plant and equipment are not yet ready for their intended use and are carried at cost determined as aforesaid.

(g) Intangible Assets:

Intangible assets include cost of acquired software and designs, and cost incurred for development of the Company’s website and certain contract acquisition costs. Intangible assets are initially measured at acquisition cost including any directly attributable costs of preparing the asset for its intended use.

Expenditure on projects which are not yet ready for intended use are carried as intangible assets under development.

Intangible assets with finite lives are amortized over their estimated useful economic life and assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired. Intangible Assets with indefinite useful lives are tested for impairment at least annually, and whenever there is an indication that the asset may be impaired. The estimated useful life used for amortising intangible assets are as under:

An intangible assets is derecognized on disposal, or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from continued use of the asset. Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset, measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset, and are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss when the asset is derecognized.

For transition to Ind AS, the Company has elected to continue with carrying value of all of its intangible assets recognized as of April 1, 2015 (transition date) measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.

(h) Impairment of assets:

Assets that are subject to amortisation are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount.

Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset for which the estimates of future cash flows have not been adjusted.

If the recoverable amount of an asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

When an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (or a cash-generating unit) is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset (or cash-generating unit) in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognized immediately in Statement of Profit and Loss.

(i) Foreign Currency Translation:

The functional currency of the Company is Indian rupee (Rs.). initial Recognition

On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Subsequent Recognition

As at the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried at historical cost and denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. All non-monetary items which are carried at fair value denominated in a foreign currency are retranslated at the rates prevailing at the date when the fair value was determined.

Income and expenses in foreign currencies are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date and exchange gains and losses arising on settlement and restatement are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(j) Assets taken on lease:

Operating Lease

A Lease in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the Company is classified as operating lease. Payments made under operating lease are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease unless the payments are structured to increase in line with the expected general inflation to compensate for the lessor’s expected inflationary cost increases.

For leases which include both land and building elements, basis of classification of each element is assessed on the date of transition, April 1, 2015, in accordance with Ind AS 101 First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standard.

(k) Inventories:

Stock of food and beverages and stores and operating supplies are carried at the lower of cost (computed on a Weighted Average basis) or net realisable value. Cost includes the fair value of consideration paid including duties and taxes (other than those refundable), inward freight, and other expenditure directly attributable to the purchase. Trade discounts and rebates are deducted in determining the cost of purchase.

(l) Government Grants

Government grants are recognised in the period to which they relate when there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and that the Company will comply with the attached conditions.

Government grants are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a systematic basis over the periods in which the Company recognises as expenses the related costs for which the grants are intended to compensate.

(m) Income Taxes:

Income tax expense comprises current tax expense and the net change in the deferred tax asset or liability during the year. Current and deferred tax are recognised in statement of profit and loss, except when they relate to items that are recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case, the current and deferred tax are also recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

(i) Current tax:

Current tax expenses are accounted in the same period to which the revenue and expenses relate. Provision for current income tax is made for the tax liability payable on taxable income after considering tax allowances, deductions and exemptions determined in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the prevailing tax laws.

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis.

(ii) Deferred tax :

Deferred income tax is recognised using the balance sheet approach. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognised for deductible and taxable temporary differences arising between the tax base of assets and liabilities and their carrying amount in financial statements, except when the deferred income tax arises from the initial recognition of goodwill, an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and affects neither accounting nor taxable profits or loss at the time of the transaction.

Deferred income tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilised.

Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized for all taxable temporary differences except in respect of taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, associates and interests in joint ventures where the timing of the reversal of the temporary difference can be controlled and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the deferred income tax asset to be utilised.

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are measured at tax rates that are expected to apply in the period in which the liability is settled or the asset realised, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and when they relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority and the Company intends to settle its current tax assets and liabilities on a net basis.

Minimum Alternative Tax (“MAT”) credit forming part of Deferred tax assets is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit asset is written down to the extent there is no longer a reasonable certainty to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

(n) Provisions:

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a binding present obligation. This may be either legal because it derives from a contract, legislation or other operation of law, or constructive because the Company created valid expectations on the part of third parties by accepting certain responsibilities. To record such an obligation it must be probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of the obligation. The amount recognised as a provision and the indicated time range of the outflow of economic benefits are the best estimate (most probable outcome) of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the balance sheet date, taking into account the risks and uncertainties surrounding the obligation, Noncurrent provisions are discounted if the impact is material.

(o) Borrowing Costs:

General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that the company incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds.

Interest income earned on temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalization. Borrowing costs that are not directly attributable to a qualifying asset are recognised in the Statement of Profit or Loss using the effective interest method.

(p) Statement of Cash Flows

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit/ (loss) before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. Cash flow for the year are classified by operating, investing and financing activities.

(q) Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit or loss after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year including potential equity shares on compulsory convertible debentures. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income (net of any attributable taxes) relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share.

(r) Exceptional items:

The company discloses certain financial information both including and excluding exceptional items. The presentation of information excluding exceptional items allows a better understanding of the underlying trading performance of the company and provides consistency with the company’s internal management reporting. Exceptional items are identified by virtue of either their size or nature so as to facilitate comparison with prior periods and to assess underlying trends in the financial performance of the company. Exceptional items can include, but are not restricted to, gains and losses on the disposal of assets/ investments, impairment charges, exchange gain/ loss on long term borrowings/ assets and changes in fair value of derivative contracts.

(s) Financial instruments

(i) Financial assets

initial recognition and measurement

Financial assets are recognised when, and only when, the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the financial instrument. The Company determines the classification of its financial assets at initial recognition.

When financial assets are recognised initially, they are measured at fair value, plus, in the case of financial assets not at fair value through profit or loss directly attributable transaction costs. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Classification

- Cash and Cash equivalents - Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

- debt instruments - The Company classifies its debt instruments as subsequently measured at amortised cost, fair value through Other Comprehensive Income or fair value through profit or loss based on its business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset.

(i) Financial assets at amortised cost

Financial assets are subsequently measured at amortised cost if these financial assets are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest. Interest income from these financial assets is included as a part of the Company’s income in the Statement of Profit and Loss using the effective interest rate method.

(ii) Financial assets at fair value through Other Comprehensive Income (FVOCI)

Financial assets are subsequently measured at fair value through Other Comprehensive Income if these financial assets are held for collection of contractual cash flows and for selling the financial assets, where the assets’ cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest. Movements in the carrying value are taken through Other Comprehensive Income, except for the recognition of impairment gains or losses, interest revenue and foreign exchange gains or losses which are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. When the financial asset is derecognised, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in Other Comprehensive Income is reclassified from Other Comprehensive Income to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Interest income on such financial assets is included as a part of the Company’s income in the Statement of Profit and Loss using the effective interest rate method.

(iii) Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL)

Assets that do not meet the criteria for amortised cost or FVOCI are measured at fair value through profit or loss. A gain or loss on such debt instrument that is subsequently measured at FVTPL and is not part of a hedging relationship as well as interest income is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

- equity instruments - The Company subsequently measures all equity investments (other than the investment in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates which are measured at cost) at fair value. Where the Company has elected to present fair value gains and losses on equity investments in Other Comprehensive Income (“FVOCI”), there is no subsequent reclassification of fair value gains and losses to profit or loss. Dividends from such investments are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as other income when the Company’s right to receive payment is established.

At the date of transition to Ind AS, the Company has made an irrevocable election to present in Other Comprehensive Income subsequent changes in the fair value of equity investments that are not held for trading.

When the equity investment is derecognised, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in Other Comprehensive Income is reclassified from Other Comprehensive Income to the Retained Earnings directly.

De-recognition

A financial asset is derecognised only when the Company has transferred the rights to receive cash flows from the financial asset. Where the Company has transferred an asset, the Company evaluates whether it has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset. In such cases, the financial asset is derecognised. Where the Company has not transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is not derecognised. Where the Company retains control of the financial asset, the asset is continued to be recognised to the extent of continuing involvement in the financial asset.

(II) Financial liabilities

Initial recognition and measurement

Financial liabilities are recognised when, and only when, the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the financial instrument. The Company determines the classification of its financial liabilities at initial recognition.

All financial liabilities are recognised initially at fair value, plus, in the case of financial liabilities not at fair value through profit or loss directly attributable transaction costs.

Subsequent measurement

After initial recognition, financial liabilities that are not carried at fair value through profit or loss are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method. Gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss when the liabilities are derecognised, and through the amortisation process.

De-recognition

A financial liability is de-recognised when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as a de-recognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability, and the difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Derivatives

Derivatives are initially recognised at fair value on the date a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently re-measured to their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The accounting for subsequent changes in fair value depends on whether the derivative is designated as a hedging instrument, and if so, the nature of the item being hedged and the type of hedge relationship designated. During the years reported, no hedge relationship was designated.

Equity instruments

An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of an entity after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments issued by the Company are recognised at the proceeds received, net of direct issue costs.

Repurchase of the Company’s own equity instruments is recognised and deducted directly in equity. No gain or loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on the purchase, sale, issue or cancellation of the Company’s own equity instruments.

(iii) Impairment of financial assets

The Company assesses, at each reporting date, whether a financial asset or a group of financial assets is impaired. Ind AS-109 on Financial Instruments, requires expected credit losses to be measured through a loss allowance. For trade receivables only, the Company recognises expected lifetime losses using the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS-109, from initial recognition of the receivables. For other financial assets (not being equity instruments or debt instruments measured subsequently at FVTPL) the expected credit losses are measured at the 12 month expected credit losses or an amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses if there has been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition.

(t) Financial guarantee contracts

A financial guarantee contract is a contract that requires the issuer to make specified payments to reimburse the holder for a loss it incurs because a specified debtor fails to make payments when due in accordance with the terms of a debt instrument.

Financial guarantee contracts issued by the Company are measured at their fair values and recognised as income in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Where guarantees in relation to loans or other payables of group companies are provided for no compensation, the fair value are accounted for as contributions and recognised as part of cost of investment.

(u) Business combinations

Business combinations of entities under common control are accounted using the “pooling of interests” method and assets and liabilities are reflected at the predecessor carrying values and the only adjustments that are made are to harmonise accounting policies. The figures for the previous periods are restated as if the business combination had occurred at the beginning of the preceding period irrespective of the actual date of the combination.

(v) Recent accounting pronouncements

Standards issued but not yet effective:

In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendments to Ind AS 7, ‘Statement of cash flows’. These amendments are in accordance with the recent amendments made by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to IAS 7, ‘Statement of cash flows’. The amendments are applicable to the Company from April 1, 2017.

The amendment to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and noncash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the balance sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.

The Company shall be including the above disclosure in the financial statements from the date that this amendment is applicable i.e., for periods starting from April 1, 2017 and onwards.


Mar 31, 2014

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India ("Indian GAAP") under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards (AS) notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended)] (which continue to be applicable in respect of section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated September 13, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs) and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Current assets do not include elements which are not expected to be realised within 1 year and current liabilities do not include items which are due after 1 year, the period of 1 year being reckoned from the reporting date. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of these financial statements are consistent with those of the previous years.

The preparation of the financial statements requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of Assets and Liabilities (including Contingent Liabilities) as of the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses. The Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates. The significant accounting policies adopted in the presentation of the financial statements are as under:-

(a) Revenue Recognition :

Revenue is recognised upon rendering of the service, provided pervasive evidence of an arrangement exists, tariff / rates are fixed or are determinable and collectability is reasonably certain. Revenue comprises sale of rooms, food and beverages and allied services relating to hotel operations, including management and operating fees. Rebates and discounts granted to customers are reduced from revenue.

Interest

Interest income is accrued on a time proportion basis having regard to the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend

Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive the payment is established.

(b) employee Benefits (other than persons engaged through contractors):

i. provident fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees'' salary (currently 12% of employees'' salary), which is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period. The contributions as specified under the law are paid to the provident fund set up as irrevocable trust by the Company. The Company is generally liable for annual contributions and any shortfall in the fund assets based on the government specified minimum rates of return and recognises such contributions and shortfall, if any, as an expense in the year in which the corresponding services are rendered by the Company.

ii. Gratuity fund

The Company makes annual contributions to Gratuity fund administered by the trustees for amounts notified by the funds. The Gratuity plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death or termination of employment of an amount based on the respective employee''s last drawn salary and tenure of employment. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations for gratuity benefits, based on an independent actuarial valuation, determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method, carried out as at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. post-retirement Benefits

The net present value of the Company''s obligation towards post retirement pension scheme for retired whole time directors and post employment medical benefits to qualifying employees is actuarially determined, based on the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iv. superannuation

The Company has a defined contribution plan, wherein it annually contributes a sum equivalent to the eligible employee''s annual basic salary to a fund administered by the trustees. The Company recognises such contributions as an expense in the year in which the corresponding services are received from the employee.

The Company also has separate funded and unfunded schemes, which guarantee a minimum pension to certain categories of employees. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations therein, based on an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the Balance Sheet date, determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

v. Compensated absences

The Company has a scheme for compensated absences for employees, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation, carried out at the Balance Sheet date.

vi. other employee Benefits

Other benefits, comprising of discretionary Long Service Awards and Leave Travel Allowances, are determined on an undiscounted basis and recognised based on the likely entitlement thereof.

(c) fixed assets:

i. Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are stated at cost less depreciation/amortisation and impairment losses, if any. Cost includes the acquisition cost or the cost of construction, including duties and taxes (other than those refundable), expenses directly related to the location of assets and making them operational for their intended use and, in the case of qualifying assets, the attributable borrowing costs (refer note no. 2(l) page 70). Trade discounts, rebates and benefits arising from utilisation of duty free scrips are deducted in determining the cost of purchase. Projects under which the tangible fixed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried as capital work-in-progress at cost determined as aforesaid.

ii. intangible fixed assets

Intangible fixed assets include cost of acquired software and designs, and cost incurred for development of the Company''s website and certain contract acquisition costs. Intangible assets are initially measured at acquisition cost including any directly attributable costs of preparing the asset for its intended use. Internally developed intangibles are capitalised if, and only if, all the following criteria can be demonstrated:

a) the technical feasibility and Company''s intention and ability of completing the project;

b) the probability that the project will generate future economic benefits;

c) the availability of adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the project; and

d) the ability to measure the development expenditure reliably.

Expenditure on projects which are not yet ready for intended use are carried as intangible assets under development.

(d) depreciation/amortisation:

Depreciation on assets is provided at Straight Line Method (SLM) rates as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. In respect of Leasehold Land, depreciation is provided from the date the land is put to use for commercial operations, over the balance period of the lease. The renewal of these leases is considered as certain in view of past experience for the purpose of depreciation of building on leased property. In respect of improvements to buildings, depreciation is provided based on its estimated useful life.

Intangible assets with finite lives are amortised over their estimated useful economic life and assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired. The amortisation periods are reviewed and impairment evaluations are carried out at least once a year. The rates currently used for amortising intangible assets are as under:

Website Development Cost 20.00%

Cost of Customer Reservation System (including licensed software) 16.67%

Service & Operating Rights 10.00%

(e) impairment of assets:

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment of assets. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flow to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, a reversal of impairment loss is recognised.

(f) foreign Currency Translation : initial recognition

On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

subsequent recognition

As at the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried at historical cost and denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. All non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

All monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency are restated at the end of accounting period. With respect to long-term foreign currency monetary items that have not been hedged, from April 1, 2011 onwards, the Company has adopted the following policy:

- Foreign exchange difference on account of a depreciable asset, is adjusted in the cost of the depreciable asset, which would be depreciated over the balance life of the asset.

- In other cases, the foreign exchange difference is accumulated in a Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account, and amortized over the balance period of such long-term asset/ liability.

A monetary asset or liability is termed as a long-term foreign currency monetary item, if the asset or liability is expressed in a foreign currency and has a term of 12 months or more at the date of origination of the asset or liability.

Exchange differences on restatement of other monetary items are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

hedge accounting

In accordance with its risk management policy, the Company has entered into cross currency swap transactions with a view to convert its Indian Rupee borrowings into Foreign Currency borrowings. To the extent the Company has designated the foreign currency component of the swap contracts as hedging instruments in a net investment hedging relationship applying hedge accounting principles (prior to the revision of Accounting Standard (AS) 11 on "The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates" by notification no.G.S.R.914(E) dated 29th December, 2011), the exchange difference arising on translation of the borrowing so converted into a foreign currency liability, at the Balance Sheet date, that are designated and are effective hedges is recognised directly in the "Hedge Reserve" account under "Reserve and Surplus" (Refer Note 4, page 73) and the ineffective portion is recognised immediately into the Statement of Profit and Loss. Hedge Accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is exercised or cancelled or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting.

Translation of foreign operations

Exchange differences on a monetary item that is receivable from or payable to foreign operations for which settlement is neither planned nor likely to occur in the foreseeable future which, in substance, forms a part of the Company''s net investment in that foreign operation, are accumulated in the Foreign Currency Translation Reserve until the disposal of the net investment. upon disposal, such accumulation in the Foreign Currency Translation Reserve, or in the case of partial disposal, proportionate share of the related accumulated exchange difference, is recognised as income or as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. For this purpose, partial settlement of a monetary item, is considered to be a partial disposal.

The financial statements of an integral foreign operation are translated using the principles and procedures as if the transactions of the foreign operation are those of the Company itself.

(g) assets taken on lease:

Operating lease payments are recognised as expenditure in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis, unless another basis is more representative of the time pattern of benefits received from the use of the assets taken on lease.

(h) inventories:

Stock of food and beverages and stores and operating supplies are carried at the lower of cost (computed on a Weighted Average basis) or net realisable value. Cost include the cost of purchase including duties and taxes (other than those refundable), inward freight, and other expenditure directly attributable to the purchase. Trade discounts, rebates and benefits arising from utilisation of duty free scrips are deducted in determining the cost of purchase.

(i) investments:

i. Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision is made for diminution in value, other than temporary, on an individual basis.

ii. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value, determined on an individual basis.

(j) Taxes on income:

i. Tax expenses are accounted in the same period to which the revenue and expenses relate. Provision for current income tax is made for the tax liability payable on taxable income after considering tax allowances, deductions and exemptions determined in accordance with the prevailing tax laws. The differences between the taxable income and the net profit or loss before tax for the year as per the financial statements are identified and the tax effect of timing differences is recognised as a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability. The tax effect is calculated on accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting year, based on effective tax rates substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

ii. Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

iii. Deferred tax assets, other than on unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward losses, are recognised only if there is reasonable certainty that they will be realised in the future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that the same can be realised against future taxable profits. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

iv. Minimum Alternative Tax ("MAT") credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit asset is written down to the extent there is no longer a convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

(k) accounting for provisions, Contingent liabilities and Contingent assets:

Provisions are recognised in terms of Accounting Standard 29 - ''Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets'' (AS-29), notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended), when there is a present legal obligation as a result of past events, where it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent liabilities are recognised only when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, due to occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the Company, or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources, or where a reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

(l) Borrowing Costs:

General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use. Debenture issue costs and the premium on redemption of debentures are adjusted against the available Securities Premium Account in accordance with the provisions of section 78 of the Companies Act, 1956. All other borrowing costs are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the borrowing.

Interest Rate Swap Contracts entered into, to manage interest risks on borrowings, is accounted in the period in which it accrues as these contracts are intended to be held till the maturity of the underlying borrowings.

(m) Cash and Cash equivalent (for the purpose of cash flow statement):

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

(n) Cash flow statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

(o) earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income (net of any attributable taxes) relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(p) Liability for redeemable points earned by guests under the loyalty programme of the Company is accrued as an expenditure and is estimated on the redemption trends and the expected cost to be incurred in respect of the redeemable points.


Mar 31, 2013

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on an accrual basis and comply with the Accounting Standards (AS) notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended). The preparation of the financial statements requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as of the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses. The Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates. The significant accounting policies adopted in the presentation of the financial statements are as under: -

(a) Revenue Recognition :

Revenue comprises sale of rooms, food and beverages, allied services relating to hotel operations, including net income from telecommunication services and management and operating fees. Revenue is recognised upon rendering of the service.

(b) Export Benefits Entitlement:

Benefits arising in the nature of Duty Free Scrips are recognised upon the actual utilisation of Duty Credit Scrips for the purchase of Fixed Assets and Inventories and are adjusted against the cost of the related assets.

(c) Employee Benefits (other than persons engaged through contractors):

i. Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees'' salary (currently 12% of employees'' salary), which is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period. The contributions as specified under the law are paid to the provident fund set up as irrevocable trust by the Company. The Company is generally liable for annual contributions and any shortfall in the fund assets based on the government specified minimum rates of return and recognises such contributions and shortfall, if any, as an expense in the year incurred.

ii. Gratuity Fund

The Company makes annual contributions to funds administered by the trustees for amounts notified by the funds. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations for gratuity benefits, based on an independent actuarial valuation, determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method, carried out as at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. Post-Retirement Benefits

The net present value of the Company''s obligation towards post retirement pension scheme for retired whole time directors and Post employment medical benefits to qualifying employees is actuarially determined, based on the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iv. Superannuation

The Company has a defined contribution plan, wherein it annually contributes a sum equivalent to the employee''s eligible annual basic salary to a fund administered by the trustees. The Company recognises such contributions as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

The Company also has separate funded and unfunded schemes, which guarantee a minimum pension to certain categories of employees. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations therein, based on an independent external actuarial valuation, carried out as at the Balance Sneet date, which is determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

v. Compensated Absences

The Company has a scheme for compensated absences for employees, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation, carried out at the Balance Sheet date.

vi. Other Employee Benefits

Other benefits, comprising of discretionary Long Service Awards and Leave Travel Allowances, are determined on an undiscounted basis and recognised based on the likely entitlement thereof.

(d) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost less depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses, if any. Cost includes expenses incidental to the installation of assets and attributable borrowing costs.

(e) Depreciation / Amortisation :

Depreciation on assets is provided at the rates as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. In respect of Leasehold Land, depreciation is provided from the date the land is put to use for commercial operations, over the balance period of the lease. The renewal of these leases is considered as certain in view of past experience for the purpose of depreciation of building on leased property. In respect of Improvements to Buildings, depreciation is provided @ 6.67% based on its useful life.

Intangible assets are amortised on a straight-line basis at the rates specified below

Website Development Cost 20.00%

Cost of Customer Reservation System (including licensed software) 16.67%

Service & Operating Rights 10.00%

(f) Foreign Currency Translation :

Initial Recognition

On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Subsequent Recognition

As at the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried at historical cost and denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. All non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

All monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency are restated at the end of accounting period. With respect to long-term foreign currency monetary items that have not been hedged, from April 1, 2011 onwards, the Company has adopted the following policy :

- Foreign exchange difference on account of a depreciable asset, is adjusted in the cost of the depreciable asset, which would be depreciated over the balance life of the asset.

- In other cases, the foreign exchange difference is accumulated in a Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account, and amortised over the balance period of such long-term asset / liability.

A monetary asset or liability is termed as a long-term foreign currency monetary item, if the asset or liability is expressed in a foreign currency and has a term of 12 months or more at the date of origination of the asset or liability.

Exchange differences on restatement of other monetary items are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Hedge Accounting

In accordance with its risk management policy, the Company has entered into cross currency swap transactions with a view to convert its Indian Rupee borrowings into foreign currency borrowings. To the extent the Company has designated the foreign currency component (and ignoring the impact of interest) of the swap contracts as hedging instruments in a net investment hedging relationship applying hedge accounting principles (prior to the revision of Accounting Standard (AS) 11 on "The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates" by notification no. G.S.R.914(E) dated December 29, 2011) ,the exchange difference arising on translation of the borrowing so converted into a foreign currency liability, at the Balance Sheet date, that are designated and are effective hedges is recognised directly in the "Hedge Reserve" account under "Reserve and Surplus" (Note 4) and the ineffective portion is recognised immediately into the Statement of Profit and Loss. Hedge Accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is exercised or cancelled or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting.

Translation of foreign operations

Exchange differences on a monetary item that is receivable from or payable to foreign operations for which settlement is neither planned nor likely to occur in the foreseeable future which, in substance, forms a part of the Company''s net investment in that foreign operation, are accumulated in the Foreign Currency Translation Reserve until the disposal of the net investment. Upon disposal, such accumulation in the Foreign Currency Translation Reserve, or in the case of partial disposal, proportionate share of the related accumulated exchange difference, is recognised as income or as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. For this purpose, partial settlement of a monetary item, is considered to be a partial disposal.

The financial statements of an integral foreign operation are translated using the principles and procedures as if the transactions of the foreign operation are those of the Company itself.

(g) Impairment of Assets :

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment of assets. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount on these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flow to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, a reversal of impairment loss is recognised.

(h) Assets taken on lease :

Operating Lease payments are recognised as expenditure in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis, unless another basis is more representative of the time pattern of benefits received from the use of the assets taken on lease.

(i) Inventories:

Stock of Food and Beverages and Stores and Operating supplies are carried at cost (computed on a Weighted Average basis) or Net Realisable Value, whichever is lower.

(j) Investments:

i. Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision is made for diminution in value, other than temporary, on an individual basis.

ii. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value, determined on a category-wise basis.

(k) Taxes on income :

i. Tax expenses are accounted in the same period to which the revenue and expenses relate. Provision for current income tax is made for the tax liability payable on taxable income after considering tax allowances, deductions and exemptions determined in accordance with the prevailing tax laws. The differences between the taxable income and the net profit or loss before tax for the year as per the financial statements are identified and the tax effect of timing differences is recognised as a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability. The tax effect is calculated on accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting year, based on effective tax rates substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

ii. Current tax assets and Current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and Deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

iii. Deferred tax assets, other than on unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward losses, are recognised only if there is reasonable certainty that they will be realised in the future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that the same can be realised against future taxable profits. Deferred Tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

iv. Minimum Alternative Tax ("MAT") credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit asset is written down to the extent there is no longer a convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

(I) Accounting for Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets :

Provisions are recognised in terms of Accounting Standard 29 - ''Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets'' (AS-29), notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended), when there is a present legal obligation as a result of past events, where it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent Liabilities are recognised only when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, due to occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the Company, or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources, or where a reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

(m) Borrowing Costs:

General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use. Debenture issue costs and the premium on redemption of debentures are adjusted against the available Securities Premium Account in accordance with the provisions of section 78 of the Companies Act, 1956. All other borrowing costs (other than on cross currency interest rate swap which are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they accrue) are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the borrowing.

The Company enters into Interest Rate Swap Contracts to manage interest risks on borrowings. These contracts are held till the maturity of the underlying borrowings. Interest is accounted in the period in which it accrues.


Mar 31, 2012

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on an accrual basis and comply with the Accounting Standards (AS) notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended). The preparation of the financial statements requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as of the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses. The Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates. The significant accounting policies adopted in the presentation of the financial statements are as under:-

(a) Revenue Recognition:

Revenue comprises sale of rooms, food and beverages, allied services relating to hotel operations, including net income from telecommunication services and management and operating fees. Revenue is recognised upon rendering of the service.

(b) Export Benefits Entitlement:

Benefits arising in the nature of Duty Free Scrips are recognised upon the actual utilisation of Duty Credit Scrips for the purchase of Fixed Assets and Inventories and are adjusted against the cost of the related assets.

(c) Employee Benefits (other than persons engaged through contractors):

i. Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees' salary (currently 12% of employees' salary), which is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period. The contributions as specified under the law are paid to the provident fund set up as irrevocable trust by the Company. The Company is generally liable for annual contributions and any shortfall in the fund assets based on the government specified minimum rates of return and recognises such contributions and shortfall, if any, as an expense in the year incurred.

ii. Gratuity Fund

The Company makes annual contributions to funds administered by the trustees for amounts notified by the funds. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations for gratuity benefits, based on an independent actuarial valuation, determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method, carried out as at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. Post-Retirement Benefits

The net present value of the Company's obligation towards post retirement pension scheme for retired whole time directors and Post employment medical benefits to qualifying employees is actuarially determined, based on the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iv. Superannuation

The Company has a defined contribution plan, wherein it annually contributes a sum equivalent to the employee's eligible annual basic salary to a fund administered by the trustees. The Company recognises such contributions as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

The Company also has separate funded and unfunded schemes, which guarantee a minimum pension to certain categories of employees. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations therein, based on an independent external actuarial valuation, carried out as at the Balance Sheet date, which is determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

v. Compensated Absences

The Company has a scheme for compensated absences for employees, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation, carried out at the Balance Sheet date.

vi. Other Employee Benefits

Other benefits, comprising of discretionary Long Service Awards and Leave Travel Allowances, are determined on an undiscounted basis and recognised based on the likely entitlement thereof.

(d) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost less depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses, if any. Cost includes expenses incidental to the installation of assets and attributable borrowing costs.

(e) Depreciation / Amortisation:

Depreciation on assets is provided at the rates as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. In respect of Leasehold Land, depreciation is provided from the date the land is put to use for commercial operations, over the balance period of the lease. The renewal of these leases is considered as certain in view of past experience for the purpose of depreciation of building on leased property. In respect of Improvements to Buildings, depreciation is provided @ 6.67% based on its useful life.

Intangible assets are amortised on a straight-line basis at the rates specified below

Website Development Cost 20.00%

Cost of Customer Reservation System (including licensed software) 16.67%

Service & Operating Rights 10.00%

(f) Foreign Currency Translation :

Initial Recognition

On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Subsequent Recognition

As at the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried at historical cost and denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. All non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

All monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency are restated at the end of accounting period. With respect to long-term foreign currency monetary items that have not been hedged, from April 1, 2011 onwards, the Company has adopted the following policy:

- Foreign exchange difference on account of a depreciable asset, is adjusted in the cost of the depreciable asset, which would be depreciated over the balance life of the asset.

- In other cases, the foreign exchange difference is accumulated in a Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account, and amortised over the balance period of such long term asset/ liability.

A monetary asset or liability is termed as a long-term foreign currency monetary item, if the asset or liability is expressed in a foreign currency and has a term of 12 months or more at the date of origination of the asset or liability.

Hedge Accounting

In accordance with its risk management policy, the Company has entered into cross currency swap transactions with a view to convert its Indian Rupee borrowings into foreign currency borrowings. To the extent the Company has designated the foreign currency component (and ignoring the impact of interest) of the swap contracts as hedging instruments in a net investment hedging relationship applying hedge accounting principles (prior to the revision of Accounting Standard (AS) 11 on "The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates" by notification no. G.S.R.914(E) dated December 29, 2011) ,the exchange difference arising on translation of the borrowing so converted into a foreign currency liability, at the Balance Sheet date, that are designated and are effective hedges is recognised directly in the

"Hedge Reserve" account under "Reserve and Surplus" (Note 4) and the ineffective portion is recognised immediately into the Statement of Profit and Loss. Hedge Accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is exercised or cancelled or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting.

Exchange differences on re-statement of all other monetary items are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Translation of foreign operations

Exchange differences on a monetary item that is receivable from or payable to foreign operations for which settlement is neither planned nor likely to occur in the foreseeable future which, in substance, forms a part of the Company's net investment in that foreign operation, are accumulated in the Foreign Currency Translation Reserve until the disposal of the net investment. Upon disposal, such accumulation in the Foreign Currency Translation Reserve, or in the case of partial disposal, proportionate share of the related accumulated exchange difference, is recognised as income or as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. For this purpose, partial settlement of a monetary item, is considered to be a partial disposal.

The financial statements of an integral foreign operation are translated using the principles and procedures as if the transactions of the foreign operation are those of the Company itself.

(g) Impairment of Assets:

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment of assets. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount on these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flow to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased such reversal of impairment loss is recognised.

(h) Assets taken on Lease:

Operating Lease payments are recognised as expenditure in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis, representative of the time pattern of benefits received from the use of the assets taken on lease.

(i) Inventories:

Stock of Food and Beverages and Stores and Operating supplies are carried at cost (computed on a Weighted Average basis) or Net Realisable Value, whichever is lower.

(j) Investments:

i. Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision is made for diminution in value, other than temporary, on an individual basis.

ii. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value, determined on a category-wise basis.

(k) Taxes on income:

i. Tax' expenses are accounted in the same period to which the revenue and expenses relate. Provision for current income tax is made for the tax liability payable on taxable income after considering tax allowances, deductions and exemptions determined in accordance with the prevailing tax laws. The differences between the taxable income and the net profit or loss before tax for the year as per the financial statements are identified and the tax effect of timing differences is recognised as a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability. The tax effect is calculated on accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting year, based on effective tax rates substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

ii. Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

iii. Deferred tax assets, other than on unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward losses, are recognised only if there is reasonable certainty that they will be realised in the future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that the same can be realised against future taxable profits. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

iv. Minimum Alternative Tax ("MAT") credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit asset is written down to the extent there is no longer a convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

(I) Accounting for Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognised in terms of Accounting Standard 29 - 'Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets' (AS-29), notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended), when there is a present legal obligation as a result of past events, where it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent Liabilities are recognised only when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, due to occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the Company, or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources, or where a reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

(m) Borrowing Costs:

General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use. Debenture issue costs and the premium on redemption of debentures are adjusted against the available Securities Premium Account in accordance with the provisions of section 78 of the Companies Act, 1956. All other borrowing costs (other than on cross currency interest rate swap which are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they accrue) are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the borrowing.


Mar 31, 2011

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on an accrual basis and comply with the Accounting Standards (AS) notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. The preparation of the financial statements requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as of the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses. The Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates. The significant accounting policies adopted in the presentation of the financial statements are as under:-

(a) Rooms, Restaurants, Banquets and Other Services:

Rooms, Restaurants, Banquets and Other Services comprise of sale of rooms, food and beverages, allied services relating to hotel operations, including net income from telecommunication services and management and operating fees. Revenue is recognised upon rendering of the service.

(b) Export Benefits Entitlement:

Benefits arising in the nature of Duty Free Scrips are recognised upon the actual utilisation of Duty Credit Scrips for the purchase of Fixed Assets and Inventories and are adjusted against the cost of the related assets.

(c) Employee Benefits:

i. Provident Fund

The Company's contribution to the recognised Provident Fund, paid/payable during the year, is debited to the profit and Loss Account. The shortfall, if any, between the return guaranteed by the statute and the actual earnings of the Fund is provided for by the Company and contributed to the Fund.

ii. Gratuity Fund

The Company makes annual contributions to funds administered by the trustees for amounts notified by the funds. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations for gratuity benefits, based on an independent actuarial valuation, determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method, carried out as at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the profit and Loss Account.

iii. Post Retirement Benefits

The net present value of the Company's obligation towards post retirement pension scheme for retired whole time directors is actuarially determined, based on the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the profit and Loss Account.

iv Superannuation

The Company has a defined contribution plan, wherein it annually contributes a sum equivalent to the employee's eligible annual basic salary to a fund administered by the trustees. The Company recognises such contributions as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

The Company also has separate funded and unfunded schemes, which guarantee a minimum pension to certain categories of employees. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations therein, based on an independent external actuarial valuation, carried out as at the Balance Sheet date, which is determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the profit and Loss Account.

v. Compensated Absences

The Company has a scheme for compensated absences for employees, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation, carried out at the Balance Sheet date.

vi. Other Employee Benefits

Other benefits, comprising of Long Service Awards and Leave Travel Allowances, are determined on an undiscounted basis and recognised based on the likely entitlement thereof.

(d) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost less depreciation/amortisation and impairment losses, if any. Cost includes expenses incidental to the installation of assets and attributable borrowing costs.

(e) Depreciation/Amortisation:

In respect of assets acquired before December 16, 1993, depreciation is provided under the straight-line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, as existing on that date.

In respect of assets acquired on or after December 16, 1993, depreciation is provided at the rates as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, as revised with effect from that date. In respect of Leasehold Land, depreciation is provided for from the date the land is put to use for commercial operations, over the balance period of the lease. In respect of Improvements to Buildings, depreciation is provided @ 6.67% based on its useful life.

Intangible assets are amortised on a straight-line basis at the rates specified below:

Website Development Cost - 20.00%

Cost of Customer Reservation System (including licensed software) - 16.67%

Service & Operating Rights - 10.00%

(f) Transactions in Foreign Exchange:

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

In respect of integral foreign operations:-

i. Monetary items outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the Balance Sheet date and the resultant difference is recognised as income or expense, as the case may be;

ii. Non-monetary items outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date are reported, using the exchange rate prevailing on the date of each transaction.

In respect of non-integral foreign operations:-

Both monetary and non-monetary items are translated at the closing rate and the resultant difference is accumulated in a Foreign Currency Translation Reserve, until the disposal of the net investment.

(g) Derivative Instruments:

Exchange differences arising on repayment/revaluation of derivative contracts, entered into in respect of some of the Company's underlying borrowings, are recognised as income or expense, as the case may be, in the period in which they arise. Interest rate derivatives are accounted based on an underlying benchmark for the relevant period.

(h) Impairment of Assets:

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment of assets. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount on these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flow to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised.

(i) Assets taken on lease:

Operating Lease payments are recognised as expenditure in the profit and Loss Account on a straight line basis, representative of the time pattern of benefits received from the use of the assets taken on lease.

(j) Inventories:

Stock of Food and Beverages and Stores and Operating supplies are carried at cost (computed on a Weighted Average basis) or Net Realisable Value, whichever is lower.

(k) Investments:

i. Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision is made for diminution in value, other than temporary, on an individual basis.

ii. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value, determined on a category-wise basis.

(l) Taxes on income:

i. Income tax is computed in accordance with Accounting Standard 22 - 'Accounting for Taxes on Income' (AS-22), notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. Tax expenses are accounted in the same period to which the revenue and expenses relate.

ii. Provision for current income tax is made for the tax liability payable on taxable income after considering tax allowances, deductions and exemptions determined in accordance with the prevailing tax laws. The differences between the taxable income and the net profit or loss before tax for the year as per the financial statements are identifi ed and the tax effect of timing differences is recognised as a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability. The tax effect is calculated on accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting year, based on effective tax rates substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

iii. Deferred tax assets, other than on unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward losses, are recognised only if there is reasonable certainty that they will be realised in the future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that the same can be realised against future taxable profits. Deferred Tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability

(m) Accounting for Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognised in terms of Accounting Standard 29 - 'Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets' (AS-29), notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, when there is a present legal obligation as a result of past events, where it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent Liabilities are recognised only when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, due to occurrence or non- occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the Company, or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources, or where a reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

(n) Borrowing Costs:

i. Interest and other borrowing costs, attributable to qualifying assets are capitalised.

ii. Interest not attributable to qualifying assets is charged to the profit and Loss Account in the year in which it is incurred.

iii. Debenture issue costs and the entire premium on redemption of Debentures are adjusted against the Securities Premium Account in accordance with the provision of Section 78 of the Companies Act, 1956.

iv Other Borrowing Costs are charged to revenue account over the tenure of the borrowing.


Mar 31, 2010

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on an accrual basis and comply with the Accounting Standards (AS) notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. The preparation of the financial statements requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as of the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses. The Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates. The significant accounting policies adopted in the presentation of the financial statements are as under:-

(a) Rooms, Restaurants, Banquets and Other Services:

Rooms, Restaurants, Banquets and Other Services comprise of sale of rooms, food and beverages, allied services relating to hotel operations, including net income from telecommunication services and management and operating fees. Revenue is recognised upon rendering of the service.

(b) Export Benefits Entitlement:

Benefits arising out of Duty Free Scrips utilised for the acquisition of fixed assets are adjusted against the cost of the related fixed assets.

(c) Employee Benefits:

i. Provident Fund

The Company’s contribution to the recognised Provident Fund, paid/payable during the year, is debited to the Profit and Loss Account. The shortfall, if any, between the return guaranteed by the statute and the actual earnings of the Fund is provided for by the Company and contributed to the Fund.

ii. Gratuity Fund

The Company makes annual contributions to funds administered by trustees for amounts notified by the funds. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations for gratuity benefits, based on an independent external actuarial valuation, determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method, carried out as at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

iii. Post Retirement Benefits

The net present value of the Company’s obligation towards post retirement pension scheme for retired whole time directors is actuarially determined, based on the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

iv. Superannuation

The Company has a defined contribution plan, wherein it annually contributes a sum equivalent to the employee’s eligible annual basic salary to funds administered by trustees. The Company recognises such contributions as an expense in the year they are incurred.

The Company also has separate funded and unfunded schemes, which guarantee a minimum pension to certain categories of employees. The Company accounts for the net present value of its obligations therein, based on an independent external actuarial valuation, carried out as at the Balance Sheet date, which is determined on the basis of the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

v. Compensated Absences

The Company has a scheme for compensated absences for employees, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation, carried out at the Balance Sheet date.

vi. Other Employee Benefits

Other benefits, comprising of Long Service Awards and Leave Travel Allowances, are determined on an undiscounted basis and recognised based on the likely entitlement thereof.

(d) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost less depreciation/amortisation and impairment losses, if any. Cost includes expenses incidental to the installation of assets and attributable borrowing costs.

(e) Depreciation/Amortisation:

In respect of assets acquired before December 16, 1993, depreciation is provided under the straight-line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, as existing on that date.

In respect of assets acquired on or after December 16, 1993, depreciation is provided at the rates as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, as revised with effect from that date. In respect of Leasehold Land, depreciation is provided for from the date the land is put to use for commercial operations, over the balance period of the lease. In respect of Improvements to Buildings, depreciation is provided @ 6.67%.

Intangible assets are amortised on a straight-line basis at the rates specified below:

Website Development Cost - 20.00%

Cost of Customer Reservation System (including licensed software) - 16.67%

Service & Operating Rights - 10.00%

(f) Transactions in Foreign Exchange:

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

In respect of integral foreign operations:-

i. Monetary items outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the Balance Sheet date and the resultant difference is recognised as income or expense, as the case may be;

ii. Non-monetary items outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date are reported, using the exchange rate prevailing on the date of each transaction.

In respect of non-integral foreign operations:-

Both monetary and non-monetary items are translated at the closing rate and the resultant difference is accumulated in a Foreign Currency Translation Reserve, until the disposal of the net investment.

The exchange differences arising on revaluation of long term foreign currency monetary items for the year ended March 31, 2009 and 2010 are being amortised over the shorter of the maturity period or March 31, 2011. The unamortised balance as at the year end is presented as “Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account”.

(g) Derivative Instruments:

Exchange differences arising on repayment/revaluation of derivative contracts, entered into in respect of some of the Company’s underlying borrowings, are recognised as income or expense, as the case may be, in the period in which they arise. Interest rate derivatives are accounted, based on an underlying benchmark for the relevant period.

(h) Impairment of Assets:

Impairment is ascertained at each Balance Sheet date in respect of the Company’s fixed assets. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value, based on an appropriate discount factor.

(i) Assets taken on lease:

Operating Lease payments are recognised as expenditure in the Profit and Loss Account on a straight line basis, representative of the time pattern of benefits received from the use of the assets taken on lease.

(j) Inventories:

Stock of Food and Beverages and Stores and Operating supplies are carried at cost (computed on a weighted average basis) or Net Realisable Value, whichever is lower.

(k) Investments:

i. Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision is made for diminution in value, other than temporary, on an individual basis.

ii. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value, determined on a category-wise basis.

(l) Miscellaneous Expenditure:

Payments made under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme, including the additional liabilities towards leave encashment and gratuity, arising pursuant to the Voluntary Retirement Scheme, are amortised over a period of 60 months, commencing from the month in which the Scheme is implemented, or upto 31st March, 2010, whichever is earlier.

(m) Taxes on income:

i. Income tax is computed in accordance with Accounting Standard 22 - ‘Accounting for Taxes on Income’ (AS-22), notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. Tax expenses are accounted in the same period to which the revenue and expenses relate.

ii. Provision for current income tax is made for the tax liability payable on taxable income after considering tax allowances, deductions and exemptions determined in accordance with the prevailing tax laws. The differences between the taxable income and the net profit or loss before tax for the year as per the financial statements are identified and the tax effect of timing differences is recognised as a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability. The tax effect is calculated on accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting year, based on effective tax rates substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

iii. Deferred tax assets, other than on unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward losses, are recognised only if there is reasonable certainty that they will be realised in the future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that the same can be realised against future taxable profits.

(n) Accounting for Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognised in terms of Accounting Standard 29 – ‘Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets’ (AS-29), notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, when there is a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events, where it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent Liabilities are recognised only when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, due to occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the Company, or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources, or where a reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

(o) Borrowing Costs:

i. Interest and other borrowing costs, attributable to qualifying assets are capitalised.

ii. Interest not attributable to qualifying assets is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which it is incurred.

iii. Debenture issue costs and entire premium on redemption of Debentures are adjusted against the Securities Premium Account in accordance with Section 78 of the Companies Act, 1956.

iv. Other Borrowing Costs are charged to revenue account over the tenure of the borrowing.

(a) The Taj Mahal Palace & Tower in Mumbai was attacked by terrorist on November 26, 2008 amongst other targets in the city, due to which the heritage wing of the property was severely damaged. The Company is adequately insured for the property restoration. The cost of reinstatement of damage will be recovered from the insurance company, subject to the adjustment on account of expected deductions from claim amounts. The facilities that have been put to use are capitalised at its carrying value on the date of the loss, increased for the expected deductions from claim amounts. The amount spent on areas that are yet to be commissioned are reflected in Capital Work in Progress on similar basis. The Company is also insured for Loss of Profits to cover the period of interruption for up to 12 months from the date of incident, which has since expired on November 25, 2009. The Company has recognised an amount of Rs 64.35 crores (Previous Year Rs 85.54 crores) towards loss of profit due to business interruption on an estimated basis. The Company is in an advanced stage of finalisation of the claim with the insurers.

(b) In respect of the previous year, Exceptional Item of Rs. 6.21 crores pertains to annuities purchased from LIC of India for pension payments to legal heirs of the employees deceased in the above mentioned incident. Out of the above, Rs. 1.92 cores has been refunded during the year.

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