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Accounting Policies of DLF Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

The financial statements have been prepared using the significant accounting policies and measurement basis summarised below. These were used throughout all periods presented in the financial statements, except where the Company has applied certain accounting policies and exemptions upon transition to Ind AS as summarised in note 65.

a) Current and non-current classification

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company’s normal operating cycle and other criteria set-out in the Act. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as non-current assets and non-current liabilities, as the case may be.

b) Property, plant and equipment Recognition and initial measurement

Property, plant and equipment are stated at their cost of acquisition. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing cost if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discount and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price. Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company. All other repair and maintenance costs are recognized in statement of profit or loss as incurred.

Subsequent measurement (depreciation and useful lives)

Property, plant and equipment are subsequently measured at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Depreciation on property, plant and equipment is provided on a straight-line basis, computed on the basis of useful lives (as set-out below) prescribed in Schedule II to the Act:

The residual values, useful lives and method of depreciation are reviewed at the end of each financial year.

De-recognition

An item of property, plant and equipment and any significant part initially recognized is de-recognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Any gain or loss arising on de-recognition of the asset (calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset) is recognized in the statement of profit and loss, when the asset is de-recognized.

c) Capital work-in-progress and intangible assets under development

Capital work-in-progress and intangible assets under development represents expenditure incurred in respect of capital projects/intangible assets under development and are carried at cost. Cost includes land, related acquisition expenses, development/ construction costs, borrowing costs and other direct expenditure.

d) Investment properties

Recognition and initial measurement

Investment properties are properties held to earn rentals or for capital appreciation, or both. Investment properties are measured initially at their cost of acquisition. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing cost, if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discount and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company. All other repair and maintenance costs are recognized in statement of profit or loss as incurred.

Subsequent measurement (depreciation and useful lives)

Investment properties are subsequently measured at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Depreciation on investment properties is provided on the straight-line method, computed on the basis of useful lives (as set-out below) prescribed in Schedule II to the Act:

* Apart from all the assets, the Company has developed commercial space (in addition to automated multi-level car parking) over the land parcel received under the build, own, operate and transfer scheme of the public private partnership (as mentioned in the intangible assets policy below) which has been depreciated in the proportion in which the actual revenue received during the accounting year bears to the projected revenue from such assets till the end of concession period.

The residual values, useful lives and method of depreciation are reviewed at the end of each financial year.

De-recognition

Investment properties are de-recognized either when they have been disposed off or when they are permanently withdrawn from use and no future economic benefit is expected from their disposal. The difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset is recognized in profit or loss in the period of de-recognition.

e) Intangible assets

Recognition and initial measurement

Intangible assets are stated at their cost of acquisition. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing cost, if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

The Company has acquired exclusive usage rights for 30 years under the build, own, operate and transfer scheme in respect of properties developed as automated multi-level car parking and commercial space and classified them under the “Intangible Assets - Right on Building and Right on Plant and Machinery”.

Subsequent measurement (amortisation)

The cost of capitalized software is amortized over a period of 5 years from the date of its acquisition.

The cost of usage rights is being amortised over the concession period in the proportion in which the actual revenue received during the accounting year bears to the projected revenue from such intangible assets till the end of concession period.

f) Investment in equity instruments of subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates

Investment in equity instruments of subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates are stated at cost as per Ind AS 27 ‘Separate Financial Statements’.

g) Inventories

- Land and plots other than area transferred to constructed properties at the commencement of construction are valued at lower of cost/approximate average cost/ as re-valued on conversion to stock and net realisable value. Cost includes land (including development rights and land under agreement to purchase) acquisition cost, borrowing cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges.

- Construction work-in-progress of constructed properties other than Special Economic Zone (SEZ) projects includes the cost of land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase), internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/ construction materials and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost and net realisable value.

- In case of SEZ projects, construction work-in-progress of constructed properties include internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/ construction materials and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost and net realisable value.

- Development rights represent amount paid under agreement to purchase land/development rights and borrowing cost incurred by the Company to acquire irrevocable and exclusive licenses/development rights in identified land and constructed properties, the acquisition of which is either completed or is at an advanced stage.

- Construction/ development material is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

h) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized when it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and it can be reliably measured. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received/receivable net of rebate and taxes. The Company applies the revenue recognition criteria to each nature of revenue transaction as set-out below:

Revenue from real estate projects

Revenue from constructed properties for all projects is recognized in accordance with the “Guidance Note on Accounting for Real Estate Transactions” (‘Guidance Note’). As per this Guidance Note, the revenue has been recognized on percentage of completion method and on the percentage of actual project costs incurred thereon to total estimated project cost, provided the conditions specified in Guidance Note are satisfied.

For projects other than SEZ, revenue is recognized in accordance with the terms of duly executed agreements to sell/application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell). Estimated project cost includes cost of land/ development rights, borrowing costs, overheads, estimated construction and development cost of such properties.

For SEZ projects, revenue from development charges is recognized in accordance with the terms of the co-developer agreements/memorandum of understanding (‘MOU’), read with addendum, if any. The estimated project cost includes construction cost, development and construction material, internal development cost, external development charges, borrowing cost and overheads of such project. Revenue from lease of land pertaining to such projects is recognized in accordance with the terms of the co-developer agreements/ MOU on accrual basis.

The estimates of the saleable area and costs are reviewed periodically and effect of any changes in such estimates is recognized in the period such changes are determined. However, when the total project cost is estimated to exceed total revenues from the project, the loss is recognized immediately.

Sale of land and plots

Sale of land and plots (including development rights) is recognized in the financial year in which the agreement to sell/application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell) is executed and there exists no uncertainty in the ultimate collection of consideration from buyers. Where the Company has any remaining substantial obligations as per agreements, revenue is recognized on ‘percentage of completion method’ as explained above under ‘revenue from real estate projects’.

Rental income

Rental income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the terms of the lease, except for contingent rental income which is recognized when it arises and where scheduled increase in rent compensates the lessor for expected inflationary costs. Parking income and fit out rental income is recognized in statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

Sale of development rights

Sale of development rights is recognized in the financial year in which the agreements of sale are executed and there exists no uncertainty in the ultimate collection of consideration from buyers.

Share of profit/ loss from partnership

Share of profit/ loss from firms in which the Company is a partner is accounted for in the financial year ending on (or immediately before) the date of the balance sheet.

Revenue from golf course operations

Income from golf operations, course capitation, sponsorship etc. is fixed and recognized as per the agreement with the parties, as and when services are rendered.

Service receipts

- Revenue in respect of maintenance services is recognized on an accrual basis, in accordance with the terms of the respective contract.

- Service receipts, income from forfeiture of properties and interest from customers under agreements to sell is accounted for on an accrual basis except in cases where ultimate collection is considered doubtful.

Interest income

Interest income is recorded on accrual basis using the effective interest rate (EIR) method.

Dividend income

Dividend income is recognized at the time when the right to receive is established by the reporting date.

i) Unbilled receivables

Unbilled receivables represent:

- Revenue recognized based on percentage of completion method, as per policy on revenue, over and above the amount due as per the payment plans agreed with the customers; and

- Balance on account of straight lining of rental income over the estimated rent free period.

j) Cost of revenue

Cost of real estate projects

Cost of constructed properties other than SEZ projects, includes cost of land (including cost of development rights/land under agreements to purchase), estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/construction materials, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the revenue recognized as explained in accounting policy for revenue from real estate projects above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made on completion of the specific project.

Cost of SEZ projects

Cost of constructed properties includes estimated internal development costs, external development charges, overheads, borrowing cost, construction costs and development/ construction materials, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the revenue recognized as explained in accounting policy for revenue from real estate SEZ projects above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made on completion of the specific project.

Cost of land and plots

Cost of land and plots includes land (including development rights), acquisition cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the percentage of land/ plotted area in respect of which revenue is recognized as explained in accounting policy for revenue from ‘Sale of land and plots’, in consonance with the concept of matching cost and revenue. Final adjustment is made on completion of the specific project.

Cost of development rights

Cost of development rights includes proportionate development rights cost, borrowing costs and other related cost.

k) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition and/or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalized during the period of time that is necessary to complete and prepare the asset for its intended use or sale. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

l) Taxation

Tax expense recognized in statement of profit and loss comprises the sum of deferred tax and current tax except the ones recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity.

Current tax is determined as the tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year and is computed in accordance with relevant tax regulations. Current income tax relating to items recognized outside profit or loss is recognized outside profit or loss (either in other comprehensive income or in equity).

Minimum alternate tax (‘MAT’) credit entitlement is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that normal income tax will be paid during the specified period. In the year in which MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT credit entitlement. This is reviewed at each balance sheet date and the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement is written down to the extent it is not reasonably certain that normal income tax will be paid during the specified period.

Deferred tax is recognized in respect of temporary differences between carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and corresponding amount used for taxation purposes. Deferred tax assets on unrealised tax loss are recognized to the extent that it is probable that the underlying tax loss will be utilised against future taxable income. This is assessed based on the Company’s forecast of future operating results, adjusted for significant non-taxable income and expenses and specific limits on the use of any unused tax loss. Unrecognized deferred tax assets are re-assessed at each reporting date and are recognized to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will allow the deferred tax asset to be recovered.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the year when the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Deferred tax relating to items recognized outside statement of profit and loss is recognized outside statement of profit or loss (either in other comprehensive income or in equity).

m) Foreign currency transactions

Functional and presentation currency

The financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees (T) which is also the functional and presentation currency of the Company.

Transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the functional currency, by applying the exchange rate between the functional currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Foreign currency monetary items outstanding at the balance sheet date are converted to functional currency using the closing rate. Non-monetary items denominated in a foreign currency which are carried at historical cost are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transactions.

Exchange differences arising on monetary items on settlement, or restatement as at reporting date, at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which they arise.

n) Employee benefits

Provident Fund

The Company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with the Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. The provident fund trust set-up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan to the extent the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognized as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

Gratuity

Gratuity is a post-employment benefit and is in the nature of a defined benefit plan. The liability recognized in the balance sheet in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit/obligation at the balance sheet date, together with adjustments for unrecognized actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit/obligation is calculated at or near the balance sheet date by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. This is based on standard rates of inflation, salary growth rate and mortality. Discount factors are determined close to each year-end by reference to market yields on government bonds that have terms to maturity approximating the terms of the related liability. Service cost on the Company’s defined benefit plan is included in employee benefits expense. Net interest expense on the net defined benefit liability is included in finance costs. Actuarial gains/losses resulting from re-measurements of the liability are included in other comprehensive income.

Other long-term employee benefits

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognized on the basis of discounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of an actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are charged to statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

Short-term employee benefits

Expense in respect of short-term benefits is recognized on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee. Contribution made towards superannuation fund (funded by payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India) is charged to statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

o) Share based payments

Employee Stock Option Plan

The fair value of options granted under Employee Stock Option Plan is recognized as an employee benefits expense with a corresponding increase in equity. The total amount to be expensed is determined by reference to the fair value of the options. The total expense is recognized over the vesting period, which is the period over which all of the specified vesting conditions are to be satisfied. At the end of each period, the entity revises its estimates of the number of options that are expected to vest based on the non-market vesting and service conditions. It recognizes the impact of the revision to original estimates, if any, in profit or loss, with a corresponding adjustment to equity. Upon exercise of share options, the proceeds received are allocated to share capital up to the par value of the shares issued with any excess being recorded as share premium.

Employee Shadow Option Scheme (cash settled options)

Fair value of cash settled options granted to employees under the Employee Shadow Option Scheme is determined on the basis of excess of the average market price, during the month before the reporting date, over the exercise price of the shadow option. This fair value is expensed over the vesting period with recognition of a corresponding liability. The liability is re-measured to fair value at each reporting date up to and including the settlement date, with changes in fair value recognized in employee benefits expense over the vesting period.

p) Impairment of non-financial assets

At each reporting date, the Company assesses whether there is any indication based on internal/external factors, that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset or the cash generating unit is estimated. If such recoverable amount of the asset or cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount. The carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If, at the reporting date, there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount. Impairment losses previously recognized are accordingly reversed in the statement of profit and loss.

q) Impairment of financial assets

In accordance with Ind AS 109, the Company applies expected credit loss (ECL) model for measurement and recognition of impairment loss for financial assets.

ECL is the weighted-average of difference between all contractual cash flows that are due to the Company in accordance with the contract and all the cash flows that the Company expects to receive, discounted at the original effective interest rate, with the respective risks of default occurring as the weights. When estimating the cash flows, the Company is required to consider:

- All contractual terms of the financial assets (including prepayment and extension) over the expected life of the assets.

- Cash flows from the sale of collateral held or other credit enhancements that are integral to the contractual terms.

Trade receivables

In respect of trade receivables, the Company applies the simplified approach of Ind AS 109, which requires measurement of loss allowance at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses. Lifetime expected credit losses are the expected credit losses that result from all possible default events over the expected life of a financial instrument.

Other financial assets

In respect of its other financial assets, the Company assesses if the credit risk on those financial assets has increased significantly since initial recognition. If the credit risk has not increased significantly since initial recognition, the Company measures the loss allowance at an amount equal to 12-month expected credit losses, else at an amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses.

When making this assessment, the Company uses the change in the risk of a default occurring over the expected life of the financial asset. To make that assessment, the Company compares the risk of a default occurring on the financial asset as at the balance sheet date with the risk of a default occurring on the financial asset as at the date of initial recognition and considers reasonable and supportable information, that is available without undue cost or effort, that is indicative of significant increases in credit risk since initial recognition. The Company assumes that the credit risk on a financial asset has not increased significantly since initial recognition if the financial asset is determined to have low credit risk at the balance sheet date.

r) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash in hand, demand deposits and short-term highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amount of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

s) Provisions, contingent assets and contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognized only when there is a present obligation, as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Provisions are discounted to their present values, where the time value of money is material.

Contingent liability is disclosed for:

- Possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or

- Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made.

Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed except when realisation of income is virtually certain, related asset is disclosed.

t) Operating leases

Leases in which the lessor does not transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of an asset to the lessee are classified as operating leases.

Company as a lessee

Lease rental are charged to statement of profit and loss on straight-line basis except where scheduled increase in rent compensates the lessor for expected inflationary costs.

Company as a lessor

Rental income is recognized on straight-line basis over the lease term except where scheduled increase in rent compensates the Company with expected inflationary costs.

u) Financial instruments

Initial recognition and measurement

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the financial instrument and are measured initially at fair value adjusted for transaction costs, except for those carried at fair value through profit or loss which are measured initially at fair value. Subsequent measurement of financial assets and financial liabilities is described below:

Non-derivative financial assets

Subsequent measurement

i. Financial assets carried at amortised cost - a financial asset is measured at the amortised cost, if both the following conditions are met:

- The asset is held within a business model whose objective is to hold assets for collecting contractual cash flows, and

- Contractual terms of the asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest (SPPI) on the principal amount outstanding.

After initial measurement, such financial assets are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate (EIR) method.

ii. Investments in equity instruments of subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates - Investments in equity instruments of subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates are accounted for at cost in accordance with Ind AS 27 Separate Financial Statements.

iii. Investments in other equity instruments - Investments in equity instruments which are held for trading are classified as at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL). For all other equity instruments, the Company makes an irrevocable choice upon initial recognition, on an instrument by instrument basis, to classify the same either as at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) or fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL). Amounts presented in other comprehensive income are not subsequently transferred to profit or loss. However, the Company transfers the cumulative gain or loss within equity. Dividends on such investments are recognized in profit or loss unless the dividend clearly represents a recovery of part of the cost of the investment.

iv. Investments in mutual funds - Investments in mutual funds are measured at fair value through profit and loss (FVTPL).

De-recognition of financial assets

A financial asset is primarily de-recognized when the contractual rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired or the Company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset.

Non-derivative financial liabilities

Subsequent measurement

Subsequent to initial recognition, all non-derivative financial liabilities are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

De-recognition of financial liabilities

A financial liability is de-recognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the de-recognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the statement of profit or loss.

Derivative financial instruments and hedge accounting

The Company holds derivative financial instruments to hedge its foreign currency exposure for underlying external commercial borrowings (‘ECB’). Derivative financial instruments are accounted for at FVTPL except for derivatives designated as hedging instruments. To qualify for hedge accounting, the hedging relationship must meet conditions with respect to documentation, strategy and economic relationship of the hedged transaction. The Company has designated the changes in spot element of the derivative as hedging instrument to mitigate variability in cash flows associated with the foreign exchange risk of the said ECB.

The changes in fair value of the forward element of the derivative are recognized in other comprehensive income and are accumulated in ‘Cash Flow Hedge Reserve’. The difference between forward and spot element at the date of designation of the hedging instrument is amortised over the period of the hedge. Hence, in each reporting period, the amortisation amount shall be reclassified from the separate component of equity to profit or loss as a reclassification adjustment. However, if hedge accounting is discontinued for the hedging relationship that includes the changes in forward element of the hedging instrument, the net amount (i.e. including cumulative amortisation) that has been accumulated in the separate component of equity shall be immediately reclassified into profit or loss as a reclassification adjustment.

Financial guarantee contracts

Financial guarantee contracts are those contracts that require a payment to be made to reimburse the holder for a loss it incurs because the specified party fails to make a payment when due in accordance with the terms of a debt instrument. Financial guarantee contracts are recognized as a financial liability at the time the guarantee is issued at fair value, adjusted for transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issuance of the guarantee. Subsequently, the liability is measured at the higher of the amount of expected loss allowance determined as per impairment requirements of Ind AS 109 and the amount recognized less cumulative amortization.

Offsetting of financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the balance sheet if there is a currently enforceable legal right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, to realise the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.

v) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting attributable taxes) by the weighted-average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted-average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events including a bonus issue.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

w) Significant management judgement in applying accounting policies and estimation uncertainty

The preparation of the Company’s financial statements requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the related disclosures.

Significant management judgements

Recognition of deferred tax assets - The extent to which deferred tax assets can be recognized is based on an assessment of the probability of the future taxable income against which the deferred tax assets can be utilized.

Evaluation of indicators for impairment of assets – The evaluation of applicability of indicators of impairment of assets requires assessment of several external and internal factors which could result in deterioration of recoverable amount of the assets.

Classification of leases - The Company enters into leasing arrangements for various assets. The classification of the leasing arrangement as a finance lease or operating lease is based on an assessment of several factors, including, but not limited to, transfer of ownership of leased asset at end of lease term, lessee’s option to purchase and estimated certainty of exercise of such option, proportion of lease term to the asset’s economic life, proportion of present value of minimum lease payments to fair value of leased asset and extent of specialized nature of the leased asset.

Impairment of financial assets - At each balance sheet date, based on historical default rates observed over expected life, the management assesses the expected credit loss on outstanding financial assets.

Provisions - At each balance sheet date basis the management judgment, changes in facts and legal aspects, the Company assesses the requirement of provisions against the outstanding contingent liabilities. However, the actual future outcome may be different from this judgement.

Significant estimates

Revenue and inventories - The Company recognizes revenue using the percentage of completion method. This requires forecasts to be made of total budgeted cost with the outcomes of underlying construction and service contracts, which require assessments and judgements to be made on changes in work scopes, claims (compensation, rebates etc.) and other payments to the extent they are probable and they are capable of being reliably measured. For the purpose of making estimates for claims, the Company used the available contractual and historical information.

Useful lives of depreciable/ amortisable assets -

Management reviews its estimate of the useful lives of depreciable/amortisable assets at each reporting date, based on the expected utility of the assets. Uncertainties in these estimates relate to technical and economic obsolescence that may change the utility of assets.

Valuation of investment property - Investment property is stated at cost. However, as per Ind AS 40, there is a requirement to disclose fair value as at the balance sheet date. The Group engaged independent valuation specialists to determine the fair value of its investment property as at reporting date.

The determination of the fair value of investment properties requires the use of estimates such as future cash flows from the assets (such as lettings, future revenue streams, capital values of fixtures and fittings, any environmental matters and the overall repair and condition of the property) and discount rates applicable to those assets. In addition, development risks (such as construction and letting risk) are also taken into consideration when determining the fair value of the properties under construction. These estimates are based on local market conditions existing at the balance sheet date.

Defined benefit obligation (DBO) - Management’s estimate of the DBO is based on a number of underlying assumptions such as standard rates of inflation, mortality, discount rate and anticipation of future salary increases. Variation in these assumptions may significantly impact the DBO amount and the annual defined benefit expenses.

Fair value measurements - Management applies valuation techniques to determine the fair value of financial instruments (where active market quotes are not available). This involves developing estimates and assumptions consistent with how market participants would price the instrument.


Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of accounting

The financial statements have been prepared in compliance with the accounting standards as specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (as amended). The financial statements have been prepared on going concern basis under the historical cost convention on accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current, wherever applicable as per the operating cycle of the Company as per the guidance as set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the fi nancial statements and the results of operations during the reporting periods. Although these estimates are based upon management's knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates and revisions, if any, are recognised in the current and future periods.

c) Intangible assets and amortisation

i) Softwares which are not integral part of the hardware are classifi ed as intangibles and are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation. These are being amortised over the estimated useful life of 5 years.

ii) The Company has acquired exclusive usage rights for 30 years under the build, own, operate and transfer scheme of the public private partnership ('PPP') scheme in respect of properties developed as automated multi-level car parking and commercial space and classified them under the "Intangible Assets - Right on Building and Right on Plant & Machinery".

The Company has arrived at the cost of such intangible assets in accordance with provisions of relevant Accounting Standards. The cost of these rights is being amortised over the concession period in the proportion in which the actual revenue received during the accounting year bears to the projected revenue from such intangible assets till the end of concession period in accordance with the manner prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

d) Fixed assets and depreciation

i) Fixed assets (gross block) are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment (if any). Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Building/specific identifiable portions of building, including related equipments are capitalised when the construction is substantially complete or upon receipt of the occupancy certificate, whichever is earlier. Depreciation on assets (including buildings and related equipments rented out and included under current assets as inventories) is provided on straight- line method, computed on the basis of useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, on a pro-rata basis from the date the asset is ready to put to use subject to adjustments arising out of transitional provisions of Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

ii) Capital work-in-progress (including intangible assets under development) represents expenditure incurred in respect of capital projects/intangible assets under development and are carried at cost. Cost includes land, related acquisition expenses, development/ construction costs, borrowing costs and other direct expenditure.

iii) Leasehold land, under perpetual lease, is not amortised. Leasehold land, other than on perpetual lease, are being amortised on time proportion basis over their respective lease periods.

e) Investments

Investments are classified as non-current or current, based on management's intention at the time of purchase. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments.

Trade investments are the investments made for or to enhance the Company's business interests.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Non-current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in their value, other than temporary, is made in the financial statements.

Profit/loss on sale of investments is computed with reference to the average cost of the investment.

f) Inventories

Inventories are valued as under:

i) Land and plots other than area transferred to construction work-in- progress of constructed properties at the commencement of construction are valued at lower of cost/approximate average cost/as revalued on conversion to stock and net realisable value. Cost includes land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase) acquisition cost, borrowing cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges.

ii) Construction work-in-progress of constructed properties other than Special Economic Zone (SEZ) projects includes the cost of land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase), internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/ construction materials and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost and net realisable value.

iii) In case of SEZ projects, construction work-in-progress of constructed properties include internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/construction materials and is valued at lower of cost/esti mated cost and net realisable value.

iv) Development rights represents amount paid under agreement to purchase land/ development rights and borrowing cost incurred by the Company to acquire irrevocable and exclusive licenses/ development rights in identifi ed land and constructed properties, the acquisition of which is at an advanced stage.

v) Construction/development material is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

vi) Rented buildings and related equipments are valued at lower of cost (less accumulated depreciation) and net realisable value.

g) Revenue recognition

i) Revenue from constructed properties for all projects commenced on or before March 31, 2012 and where revenue recognition commenced on or before the above date, is recognised in accordance with the provisions of Accounting Standard (AS) 9 on Revenue Recognition, read with Guidance Note on "Recognition of Revenue by Real Estate Developers". Revenue is computed based on the "percentage of completion method" and on the percentage of actual project costs incurred thereon to total estimated project cost, subject to such actual cost incurred being 30 per cent or more of the total estimated project cost.

Revenue from constructed properties for all projects commenced on or after April 1, 2012 or project where the revenue is recognised for the first time on or after the above date, is recognised in accordance with the Revised Guidance Note issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI") on "Accounting for Real Estate Transactions (Revised 2012)".

As per this Guidance Note, the revenue have been recognised on percentage of completion method and on the percentage of actual project costs incurred thereon to total estimated project cost, provided all of the following conditions are met at the reporting date:

- required critical approvals for commencement of the project have been obtained;

- atleast 25% of estimated construction and development costs (excluding land cost) has been incurred;

- atleast 25% of the saleable project area is secured by the Agreements to sell/ application forms (containing salient terms of the agreement to sell); and

- atleast 10% of the total revenue as per agreement to sell are realized in respect of these agreements.

(a) For projects, other than SEZ projects, revenue is recognised in accordance with the term of duly executed, agreements to sell/ application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell). Estimated project cost includes cost of land/ development rights, borrowing costs, overheads, estimated construction and development cost of such properties. The estimates of the saleable area and costs are reviewed periodically and effect of any changes in such estimates is recognised in the period in which such changes are determined. However, when the total project cost is estimated to exceed total revenues from the project, loss is recognised immediately.

(b) For SEZ projects, revenue from development charges is recognised in accordance with the terms of the co- developer agreements/memorandum of understanding ('MOU'), read with addendum, if any. The estimated project cost includes construction cost, development and construction material, internal development cost, external development charges, borrowing cost and overheads of such project. Revenue from lease of land pertaining to such projects is recognised in accordance with the terms of the co-developer agreements/ MOU on accrual basis.

ii) Sale of land and plots (including development rights) is recognised in the fi nancial year in which the agreement to sell/ application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell) is executed and there exists no uncertainty in the ultimate collection of consideration from buyers. Where the Company has any remaining substantial obligations as per the agreements, revenue is recognised on the percentage of completion method of accounting, as per (i)(a) above.

iii) Sale of development rights is recognised in the financial year in which the agreements of sale are executed and there exists no uncertainty in the ultimate collection of consideration from buyers.

iv) Revenue from wind power generation is recognised on the basis of actual power sold (net of reactive energy consumed), as per the terms of the power purchase agreements entered into with the respective purchasers.

v) Income from interest is accounted for on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable rate of interest.

vi) Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive is established by the reporting date.

vii) Share of profit/ loss from firms in which the Company is a partner is accounted for in the financial year ending on (or immediately before) the date of the balance sheet.

viii) Rental income is accounted for on accrual basis except in cases where ultimate collection is considered doubtful.

ix) Service receipts, income from forfeiture of properties and interest from customers under agreement to sell is accounted for on accrual basis except in cases where ultimate collection is considered doubtful.

x) Sale of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) and Voluntary Emission Reductions (VERs) is recognised as income on the delivery of the CERs/VERs to the customer's account and receipt of payment.

h) Unbilled receivables

Unbilled receivables disclosed under note 17 - 'Other Current Assets' represents revenue recognised based on percentage of completion method (as per para no. g (i) and g(ii) above), over and above the amount due as per the payment plans agreed with the customers.

i) Cost of revenue

i) Cost of constructed properties other than SEZ projects, includes cost of land (including cost of development rights/land under agreements to purchase), estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/ construction materials, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the revenue recognised as per accounting policy no. - g (i)(a) above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

For SEZ projects, cost of constructed properties includes estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/ construction materials, which is charged to the statement of profi t and loss based on the revenue recognised as per accounting policy no. - g (i)(b) above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

ii) Cost of land and plots includes land (including development rights) acquisition cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the percentage of land/ plotted area in respect of which revenue is recognised as per accounting policy no. g(ii) above to the saleable total land/ plotted area of the scheme, in consonance with the concept of matching cost and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

iii) Cost of development rights is recognised at the rate at which the same have been purchased from the Land Owning Companies (LOCs) as per the agreement.

j) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and/or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets, in accordance with notified Accounting Standard 16 'Borrowing Costs'. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed due to, other than temporary, interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

k) Taxation

Tax expense for the year comprises current income tax and deferred tax. Current income tax is determined in respect of taxable income with deferred tax being determined as the tax effect of timing differences representing the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s). Such deferred tax is quantified using rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the end of the financial year.

l) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. All monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted into Indian rupees at the year-end exchange rate. Income and expenditure of the overseas liaison office is translated at the yearly average rate of exchange. The exchange differences arising on such conversion and on settlement of the transactions are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

In terms of the clarification provided by Ministry of Corporate Affairs ('MCA') vide a notifi cation no. G.S.R.913(E) on Accounting Standard - 11 'The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates', the exchange gain/loss on long-term foreign currency monetary items is adjusted in the cost of depreciable capital assets/accumulated in 'Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account' (FCMITDA) and amortised over the balance period of long-term monetary items. The other exchange gains/losses have been recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

m) Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with the notifi ed Accounting Standard 15 - Employee Benefits.

i) Provident fund

The Company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. In terms of the Guidance on implementing the revised AS-15, issued by the Accounting Standards Board of the ICAI, the provident fund trust set-up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

ii) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post-employment benefit and is in the nature of a defined benefit plan. The liability recognised in the balance sheet in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit/ obligation at the balance sheet date, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit/obligation is calculated at or near the balance sheet date by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the statement of profi t and loss in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

iii) Compensated absences

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognised on the basis of undiscounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of an actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the statement of profi t and loss in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

iv) Employee Shadow Option Scheme (Cash Settled Options)

Accounting value of Cash Settled Options granted to employees under the "Employee Shadow Option Scheme" is determined on the basis of intrinsic value representing the excess of the average market price, during the month before the reporting date, over the exercise price of the shadow option. The same is charged as employee benefits over the vesting period, in accordance with Guidance Note 18 "Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments", issued by the ICAI.

v) Other short-term benefits

Expense in respect of other short-term benefits is recognised on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee. Contribution made towards Superannuation Fund (funded by payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC)) is charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

n) Leases

Assets subject to operating leases are included under fixed assets or current assets as appropriate. Rent (lease) income is recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Costs, including depreciation, are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

o) Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP)

Accounting value of stock options is determined on the basis of 'intrinsic value' representing the excess of the market price on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options granted under the 'Employee Stock Option Scheme' of the Company and is being amortised as 'Deferred employee compensation' on a straight-line basis over the vesting period in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note 18 'Share Based Payments' issued by the ICAI.

p) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and is accordingly reversed in the statement of profit and loss.

q) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash in hand, demand deposits with banks/ corporations and short-term highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value.

r) Contingent liabilities and provisions

Depending upon the facts of each case and after due evaluation of legal aspects, claims against the Company are accounted for as either provisions or disclosed as contingent liabilities. In respect of statutory dues disputed and contested by the Company, contingent liabilities are provided for and disclosed as per original demand without taking into account any interest or penalty that may accrue thereafter. The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made.Possible future or present obligations that may but will probably not require outfi ow of resources or where the same cannot be reliably estimated, is disclosed as contingent liability in the financial statements.

s) Earnings per equity share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events including a bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profi t or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. The period during which, number of dilutive potential equity shares change frequently, weighted average number of shares are computed based on a mean date in the quarter, as impact is immaterial on earnings per share.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of accounting

The financial statements have been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section (1) (a) of Section 642 and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act'') read with the General Circular 15/ 2013 dated September 13, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention on accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current, wherever applicable as per the operating cycle of the Company as per the guidance as set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting periods. Although these estimates are based upon management''s knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates and revisions, if any, are recognised in the current and future periods.

c) Intangible assets and amortisation

i) Softwares which are not integral part of the hardware are classified as intangibles and are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation. These are being amortised over the estimated useful life of 5 years, as determined by the management.

ii) The Company has acquired exclusive usage rights for 30 years under the build,

own, operate and transfer scheme of the public private partnership (''PPP'') scheme in respect of properties developed as automated multi-level car parking and commercial space and classified them under the "Intangible Assets-Right on Building and Right on Plant & Machinery". The Company has arrived at the cost of such intangible assets in accordance with provisions of relevant Accounting Standards. The cost of these rights is being amortised over the concession period in the proportion in which the actual revenue received during the accounting year bears to the projected revenue from such intangibles till the end of concession period in accordance with the notification no. G.S.R. 298 (E) dated April 17, 2012 as notified by Ministry of Corporate Affairs ("MCA") on the Intangible Assets of Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

d) Fixed assets and depreciation

i) Fixed assets (gross block) are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment (if any). Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Building/specific identifiable portions of building, including related equipments are capitalised when the construction is substantially complete or upon receipt of the occupancy certificate, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on assets (including buildings and related equipments rented out and included under current assets as inventories) is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

ii) Capital work-in-progress (including intangible assets under development) represents expenditure incurred in respect of capital projects/intangible assets under development and are carried at cost. Cost includes land, related acquisition expenses, development/ construction costs, borrowing costs and other direct expenditure.

iii) Leasehold land, under perpetual lease, is not amortised. Leasehold lands, other than on perpetual lease, are being amortised on time proportion basis over their respective lease periods.

e) Investments

Investments are classified as non-current or current, based on management''s intention at the time of purchase. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments.

Trade investments are the investments made for or to enhance the Company''s business interests.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Non-current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in their value, other than temporary, is made in the financial statements.

Profit/loss on sale of investments is computed with reference to the average cost of the investment.

f) Inventories

Inventories are valued as under:

i) Land and plots other than area transferred to constructed properties at the commencement of construction are valued at lower of cost/approximate average cost/ as revalued on conversion to stock and net realisable value. Cost includes land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase) acquisition cost, borrowing cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges.

ii) Constructed properties other than Special Economic Zone (SEZ) projects includes the cost of land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase), internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/ construction materials and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost and net realisable value.

iii) In case of SEZ projects, constructed properties include internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/construction materials, and is valued at lower of cost/estimated cost, and net realisable value.

iv) Development rights represents amount paid under agreement to purchase land/ development rights and borrowing cost incurred by the Company to acquire irrevocable and exclusive licenses/ development rights in identified land and constructed properties, the acquisition of which is at an advanced stage.

v) Construction/development material is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

vi) Rented buildings and related equipments are valued at lower of cost (less accumulated depreciation) and net realisable value.

g) Revenue recognition

i) Revenue from constructed properties for all projects commenced on or before March 31, 2012 and where revenue recognition commenced on or before the above date, is recognized in accordance with the provisions of Accounting Standard (AS) 9 on Revenue Recognition, read with Guidance Note on "Recognition of Revenue by Real Estate Developers". Revenue is computed based on the "percentage of completion method" and on the percentage of actual project costs incurred thereon to total estimated project cost, subject to such actual cost incurred being 30 percent or more of the total estimated project cost. Revenue from constructed properties for all projects commenced on or after April 1, 2012 or project where the revenue is recognized for the first time on or after the above date, is recognized in accordance with the Revised Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI") on "Accounting for Real Estate Transactions (Revised 2012)."

As per this Guidance Note, the revenue have been recognized on percentage of completion method provided all of the following conditions are met at the reporting date.

- required critical approvals for commencement of the project have been obtained,

- atleast 25% of estimated construction and development costs (excluding land cost) has been incurred,

- atleast 25% of the saleable project area is secured by the Agreements to sell/application forms (containing salient terms of the agreement to sell); and

- atleast 10% of the total revenue as per agreement to sell are realized in respect of these agreements.

(a) For projects, other than SEZ projects, revenue is recognised in accordance with the term of duly executed, agreements to sell/application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell). Estimated project cost includes cost of land/ development rights, borrowing costs, overheads, estimated construction and development cost of such properties. The estimates of the saleable area and costs are reviewed periodically and effect of any changes in such estimates is recognised in the period in which such changes are determined. However, when the total project cost is estimated to exceed total revenues from the project, loss is recognised immediately.

(b) For SEZ projects , revenue from development charges is recognised in accordance with the terms of the co- developer agreements/Memorandum of Understanding (''MOU''), read with addendum, if any. The estimated project cost includes construction cost, development and construction material, internal development cost, external development charges, borrowing cost and overheads of such project. Revenue from lease of land pertaining to such projects is recognised in accordance with the terms of the co-developer agreements/MOU on accrual basis.

ii) Sale of land and plots (including development rights) is recognized in the financial year in which the agreement to sell/ application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell) is executed and there exists no uncertainty in the ultimate collection of consideration from buyers. Where the Company has any remaining substantial obligations as per the agreements, revenue is recognised on the percentage of completion method of accounting, as per (i) (a) above.

iii) Sale of development rights is recognized in the financial year in which the agreements of sale are executed and there exists no uncertainty in the ultimate collection of consideration from buyers.

iv) Revenue from wind power generation is recognised on the basis of actual power sold (net of reactive energy consumed), as per the terms of the power purchase agreements entered into with the respective purchasers.

v) Income from interest is accounted for on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable rate of interest.

vi) Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive is established by the reporting date.

vii) Share of profit/ loss from firms in which the Company is a partner is accounted for in the financial year ending on (or immediately before) the date of the balance sheet.

viii) Rent, service receipts, income from forfeiture of properties and interest from customers under agreement to sell is accounted for on accrual basis except in cases where ultimate collection is considered doubtful.

ix) Sale of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) and Voluntary Emission Reductions (VERs) is recognised as income on the delivery of the CERs/VERs to the customer''s account and receipt of payment.

h) Unbilled receivables

Unbilled receivables disclosed under Note No.

19 - "Other Current Assets" represents revenue recognised based on percentage of completion method (as per para no. g(i) and g(ii) above), over and above the amount due as per the payment plans agreed with the customers.

i) Cost of revenue

i) Cost of constructed properties other than SEZ projects, includes cost of land (including cost of development rights/ land under agreements to purchase), estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/construction materials, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the revenue recognised as per accounting policy no. - g(i)(a) above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

For SEZ projects, cost of constructed properties includes estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/ construction materials, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the revenue recognised as per accounting policy no.- g(i)(b) above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

ii) Cost of land and plots includes land (including development rights) acquisition cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the percentage of land/plotted area in respect of which revenue is recognised as per accounting policy no. - g(ii) above to the saleable total land/ plotted area of the scheme, in consonance with the concept of matching cost and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

iii) Cost of development rights is measured at the rate at which the same have been purchased from the Land Owning Companies (LOCs) as per the agreement.

j) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and/or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets, in accordance with notified Accounting Standard 16 "Borrowing Costs". A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed due to, other than temporary, interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

k) Taxation

Tax expense for the year comprises current income tax and deferred tax. Current income tax is determined in respect of taxable income with deferred tax being determined as the tax effect of timing differences representing the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period, and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s). Such deferred tax is quantified using rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the end of the financial year.

l) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. All monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted into Indian rupees at the year-end exchange rate. Income and expenditure of the overseas liaison office is translated at the yearly average rate of exchange. The exchange differences arising on such conversion and on settlement of the transactions are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

In terms of the clarification provided by Ministry of Corporate Affairs ("MCA") vide a notification no. G.S.R.913(E) on AS-11 "Changes in

Foreign Exchange Rates", the exchange gain/ loss on long-term foreign currency monetary items is adjusted in the cost of depreciable capital assets/accumulated in ''Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account '' (FCMITDA) and amortised over the balance period of long- term monetary items. The other exchange gains/ losses have been recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

m) Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 15 - Employee Benefits.

(i) Provident fund

The Company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with the Employees'' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. In terms of the Guidance on implementing the revised AS-15, issued by the Accounting Standards Board of the ICAI, the provident fund trust set up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

(ii) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post-employment benefit and is in the nature of a defined benefit plan. The liability recognised in the balance sheet in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit/ obligation at the balance sheet date, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit/obligation is calculated at or near the balance sheet date by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

(iii) Compensated absences

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognised on the basis of undiscounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of an actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

(iv) Employee Shadow Option Scheme (Cash Settled Options)

Accounting value of Cash Settled Options granted to employees under the "Employee Shadow Option Scheme" is determined on the basis of intrinsic value representing the excess of the average market price, during the month before the reporting date, over the exercise price of the shadow option. The same is charged as employee benefits over the vesting period, in accordance with Guidance Note 18 "Share Based Payments", issued by the ICAI.

(v) Other short-term benefits

Expense in respect of other short-term benefits is recognised on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

Contribution made towards

Superannuation Fund (funded by payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC)) is charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

n) Leases

Assets subject to operating leases are included under fixed assets or current assets as appropriate. Rent (Lease) income is recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight- line basis over the lease term. Costs, including depreciation, are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

o) Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP)

Accounting value of stock options is determined on the basis of "intrinsic value" representing the excess of the market price on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options granted under the "Employee Stock Option Scheme" of the Company, and is being amortised as "Deferred employee compensation" on a straight-line basis over the vesting period in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note 18 "Share Based Payments" issued by the ICAI.

p) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and is accordingly reversed in the statement of profit and loss.

q) Contingent liabilities and provisions

Depending upon the facts of each case and after due evaluation of legal aspects, claims against the Company are accounted for as either provisions or disclosed as contingent liabilities. In respect of statutory dues disputed and contested by the Company, contingent liabilities are provided for and disclosed as per original demand without taking into account any interest or penalty that may accrue thereafter. The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. Possible future or present obligations that may but will probably not require outflow of resources or where the same cannot be reliably estimated, is disclosed as contingent liability in the Financial Statements.

r) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events including a bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. The period during which, number of dilutive potential equity shares change frequently, weighted average number of shares are computed based on a mean date in the quarter, as impact is immaterial on earnings per share.

2. SHARE CAPITAL

b) Rights/preferences/restrictions attached to equity shares

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 2 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian Rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except interim dividend. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts, if any. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.During the year ended March 31, 2014, the amount of proposed final dividend recognized as distributions to equity shareholders is Rs. 2 per share (March 31, 2013 : Rs. 2 per share).

d) Aggregate number of shares issued for consideration other than cash and shares bought back during the period of five years immediately preceding the date March 31, 2014

i) Shares bought back during the financial year 2009-10 to 2013-14

15,000 (during FY 2008-09 to 2012-13: 7,638,567) equity shares of Rs. 2 each bought back pursuant to Section 77A of the Companies Act, 1956. ii) Shares issued under Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP) during the financial year 2009-10 to 2013-14

The Company has issued total 3,282,457 equity shares of Rs. 2 each (during FY 2008-09 to 2012-13: 1,568,644 equity shares) during the period of five years immediately preceding March 31, 2014 on exercise of options granted under the Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP).

e) Shares reserved for issue under options

For details of shares reserved for issue under the Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP) of the Company, refer note 38.

1 Repayment terms (excluding current maturities) and security for the outstanding long-term borrowings as on March 31, 2014:

Listed, Secured, Redeemable, Non-convertible Debentures of Rs. 50,000,000 each referred above to the extent of:

(i) Rs. 75,000 lac are secured by way of pari passu charge on the immovable property situated at New Delhi, owned by the subsidiary company. Coupon rate of these debentures is 12.50% and repayment in 4 equal annual installments starting from April 30, 2015 and date of final redemption is April 30, 2018.

From banks:

Secured INR borrowings

(a) Facility ofRs. 20,833.33 lac, balance amount is repayable in 10 equal quarterly installments starting from May, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon, owned by subsidiary company.

(ii) Corporate guarantee provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable properties.

(b) Facility of Rs. 25,246.62 lac, balance amount is repayable in 84 equated monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at New Delhi, owned by the Company.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable property owned by the Company.

(iii) Exclusive charge on immovable property situated at Gurgaon, owned by the subsidiary company.

(iv) Corporate guarantee provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable property.

(c) Facility ofRs. 8,330.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in 25 equal monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at Gurgaon, owned by the Company/ subsidiary company.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable property owned by the Company.

(iii) Corporate guarantee provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable property.

(d) Facility of Rs. 6,171.43 lac, balance amount is repayable in 72 equal monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at Gurgaon, owned by the Company/ subsidiary company.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable property owned by the Company.

(iii) Corporate guarantee provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable property.

(e) Facility of Rs. 18,055.56 lac, balance amount is repayable in 26 equal monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at Gurgaon, owned by the subsidiary company.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable property owned by the subsidiary company.

(iii) Corporate guarantee provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable property.

(f) Facility of Rs. 6,250.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in 15 equal monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at Gurgaon, owned by the subsidiary company.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable property owned by the subsidiary company.

(iii) Corporate guarantee provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable property.

(g) Facility of Rs. 81,998.11 lac, balance amount is repayable in 72 monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon and New Delhi, owned by subsidiary companies.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable properties owned by subsidiary companies.

(iii) Corporate guarantees provided by subsidiary companies owning the aforesaid immovable properties.

(h) Facility of Rs. 27,542.50 lac, balance amount is repayable in 24 monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at Gurgaon, owned by subsidiary company.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable property owned by subsidiary company.

(i) Facility of Rs. 4,000.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in October, 2015.

(j) Facility of Rs. 2,999.99 lac, balance amount is repayable in October, 2015.

The aforesaid term loans are secured by way of

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon, owned by a subsidiary company.

(ii) Negative lien over immovable properties and assignment of lease rentals in respect of certain immovable properties situated at New Delhi and Gurgaon owned by the Company.

(iii) Corporate guarantees provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable properties.

(k) Facility of Rs. 900.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in October, 2015.

(l) Facility of Rs. 1,100.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in December, 2015.

The aforesaid term loans are secured by way of

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon, owned by a subsidiary company.

(ii) Negative lien over immovable properties and assignment of lease rentals in respect of certain immovable properties situated at New Delhi and Gurgaon owned by the Company.

(m) Facility of Rs. 748.57 lac, balance amount is repayable in 2 equal quarterly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at New Delhi, owned by subsidiary company.

(ii) Corporate guarantees provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable property.

(n) Facility of Rs. 29,743.65 lac, balance amount is repayable in 33 monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon, owned by subsidiary company.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable properties owned by subsidiary company.

(o) Facility of Rs. 27,624.37 lac, balance amount is repayable in 36 monthly installments starting from January, 2016. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at Gurgaon, owned by subsidiary company.

(ii) Corporate guarantee provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable property.

From others

Secured INR borrowings

(a) Facility of Rs. 15,000.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in 3 equal annual installments starting from August, 2016. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon, Hyderabad and Chennai, owned by Company/subsidiary companies.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable property at Gurgaon owned by the Company.

(b) Facility of Rs. 29,000.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in 18 quarterly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon, owned by subsidiary company.

(ii) Corporate guarantee provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable properties.

(c) Facility of Rs. 4,375.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in 7 equal monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon owned by a subsidiary company.

(d) Facility of Rs. 29,788.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in 26 equal monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon owned by a subsidiary company.

(e) Facility of Rs. 34,441.75 lac, balance amount is repayable in 76 monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at Gurgaon, owned by subsidiary company.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable property owned by subsidiary company.

(f) Facility of Rs. 55,466.18 lac, balance amount is repayable in 33 monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon, owned by subsidiary company.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable properties owned by subsidiary company.

(g) Facility of Rs. 88,000.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in 41 installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon, Hyderabad and Chennai, owned by Company/subsidiary companies.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable property at Gurgaon owned by the Company.

(h) Facility of Rs. 42,300.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in 45 installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon, Hyderabad and Chennai, owned by Company/subsidiary companies.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable property at Gurgaon owned by the Company.

(i) Facility of Rs. 3,000.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in October, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at Gurgaon, owned by a subsidiary company.

(ii) Negative lien over immovable properties and assignment of lease rentals in respect of certain immovable properties situated at New Delhi and Gurgaon owned by the Company.

(j) Facility of Rs. 428.57 lac, balance amount is repayable in 3 equal monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

First and exclusive charge by way of hypothecation on assets viz Helicopter and Aircraft owned by the Company.

(k) Facility of Rs. 142.73 lac, balance amount is repayable in 2 equal monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

First and exclusive charge by way of hypothecation on assets viz Helicopter owned by the Company.

(l) Facility of Rs. 18,707.55 lac, balance amount is repayable in 97 monthly installments starting from April, 2015.

(m) Facility of Rs. 8,764.72 lac, balance amount is repayable in 108 monthly installments starting from April, 2015.

(n) Facility of Rs. 5,608.97 lac, balance amount is repayable in 104 monthly installments starting from April, 2015.

(o) Facility of Rs. 4,300.21 lac, balance amount is repayable in 104 monthly installments starting from April, 2015.

(p) Facility of Rs. 3,015.82 lac, balance amount is repayable in 108 monthly installments starting from April, 2015.

(q) Facility of Rs. 2,991.45 lac, balance amount is repayable in 104 monthly installments starting from April, 2015.

(r) Facility of Rs. 1,071.79 lac, balance amount is repayable in 104 monthly installments starting from April, 2015.

The aforesaid term loans are secured by way of

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at New Delhi and Gurgaon, owned by subsidiary/group companies.

(ii) Negative lien on rights under the concession agreements pertaining to certain immovable properties situated at New Delhi.

(iii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable properties owned by the Company/ subsidiary companies/ group companies.

(iv) Corporate guarantees provided by the subsidiary/ group companies owning the aforesaid immovable properties.

(s) Facility of Rs. 22,152.78 lac, balance amount is repayable in 29 monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at Gurgaon, owned by the Company.

(ii) Charge on receivables and other current assets of the aforesaid immovable property owned by the Company.

(t) Facility of Rs. 5,925.76 lac, balance amount is repayable in 24 monthly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at Gurgaon, owned by subsidiary company.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable property owned by subsidiary company.

(u) Facility of Rs. 2,821.43 lac, balance amount is repayable in 2 equal quarterly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at New Delhi, owned by subsidiary company.

(ii) Corporate guarantee provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable property.

(v) Facility of Rs. 1,430.00 lac, balance amount is repayable in 2 quarterly installments starting from April, 2015. The loan is secured by way of :

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at New Delhi, owned by subsidiary company.

(ii) Corporate guarantee provided by the subsidiary company owning the aforesaid immovable property.

2 Rate of interest - The Company''s borrowings from banks and others have a effective weighted average rate of interest of 12.08 % p.a. (previous year 12.40% p.a.) calculated using the interest rates effective as on March 31, 2014 for the respective borrowings.

3. SHORT-TERM BORROWINGS

Security for the short-term borrowings:

(i) Equitable mortgage of immovable properties situated at New Delhi, Goa and Gurgaon, owned by the Company/subsidiary companies.

(ii) Charge on receivables pertaining to the aforesaid immovable properties owned by the Company/ subsidiary companies.

(iii) Corporate guarantees provided by the subsidiary companies owning the aforesaid immovable properties.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of accounting

The Financial Statements are prepared under historical cost convention, on accrual basis, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and to comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section (1) (a) of Section 642 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the "Act").

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current, wherever applicable as per the operating cycle of the Company as per the guidance as set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting periods. Although these estimates are based upon management''s knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates and revisions, if any, are recognised in the current and future periods.

c) Intangible assets and amortisation

i) Softwares which are not integral part of the hardware are classified as intangibles and are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation. These are being amortised over the estimated useful life of 5 years, as determined by the management.

ii) The Company has acquired exclusive usage rights for 30 years under the build, own, operate and transfer scheme of the public private partnership (''PPP'') scheme in respect of properties developed as automated multi-level car parking and commercial space and classified them under the "Intangible Assets - Right on Building and Right on Plant & Machinery". The Company has arrived at the cost of such intangible assets in accordance with provisions of relevant Accounting Standards. The cost of these rights is being amortised over the concession period in the proportion in which the actual revenue received during the accounting year bears to the Projected Revenue from such Intangibles till the end of concession period in accordance with the notification no. G.S.R. 298 (E) dated April 17, 2012 as notified in Ministry of Corporate Affairs ("MCA") on the Intangible Assets of Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

d) Fixed assets and depreciation

i) Fixed assets (gross block) are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment (if any). Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Building / specific identifiable portions of building, including related equipments are capitalised when the construction is substantially complete or upon receipt of the occupancy certificate, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on assets (including buildings and related equipment''s rented out and included under current assets as invetories) is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

ii) Capital work-in-progress (including intangible assets under development) represents expenditure incurred in respect of capital projects / intangible assets under development and are carried at cost. Cost includes land, related acquisition expenses, development / construction costs, borrowing costs and other direct expenditure.

iii) Leasehold land, under perpetual lease, is not amortised. Leasehold lands, other than on perpetual lease, are being amortised on time proportion basis over their respective lease periods.

e) Investments

Investments are classified as non-current or current, based on management''s intention at the time of purchase. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments.

Trade investments are the investments made for or to enhance the Company''s business interests.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Non-current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in their value, other than temporary, is made in the financial statements.

Profit/loss on sale of investments is computed with reference to the average cost of the investment.

f) Inventories

Inventories are valued as under:

i) Land and plots other than area transferred to constructed properties at the commencement of construction are valued at lower of cost/ approximate average cost/ as revalued on conversion to stock and net realisable value. Cost includes land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase) acquisition cost, borrowing cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges.

ii) Constructed properties other than Special Economic Zone (SEZ) projects includes the cost of land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase), internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/ construction materials and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost and net realisable value.

iii) In case of SEZ projects, constructed properties include internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/ construction materials, and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost and net realisable value.

iv) Development rights represents amount paid under agreement to purchase land/ development rights and borrowing cost incurred by the Company to acquire irrevocable and exclusive licenses/ development rights in identified land and constructed properties, the acquisition of which is at an advanced stage.

v) Construction/ development material is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

vi) Rented buildings and related equipments are valued at lower of cost (less accumulated depreciation) and net realisable value.

g) Revenue recognition

i) Revenue from constructed properties is recognized in accordance with the provisions of Accounting Standard (AS) 9 on Revenue Recognition, read with Guidance Note on "Recognition of Revenue by Real Estate Developers". Revenue is computed based on the "percentage of completion method" and on the percentage of actual project costs incurred thereon to total estimated project cost, subject to such actual cost incurred being 30 per cent or more of the total estimated project cost .

(a) For projects, other than SEZ projects, Revenue is recognised in accordance with the term of duly executed, agreements to sell / application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell). Estimated project cost includes cost of land/ development rights, borrowing costs, overheads, estimated construction and development cost of such properties. The estimates of the saleable area and costs are reviewed periodically and effect of any changes in such estimates is recognised in the period in which such changes are determined. However, when the total project cost is estimated to exceed total revenues from the project, loss is recognised immediately.

(b) For SEZ projects, Revenue from development charges is recognised in accordance with the terms of the Co- developer Agreements / Memorandum of Understanding (''MOU''), read with addendum, if any. The estimated project cost includes construction cost, development and construction material, internal development cost, external development charges, borrowing cost and overheads of such project. Revenue from Lease of land pertaining to such projects is recognised in accordance with the terms of the Co-developer Agreements/ MOU on accrual basis.

With effect from April 1, 2012 in accordance with the Revised Guidance Note issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI") on "Accounting for Real Estate Transactions (Revised 2012)", the Company revised its Accounting Policy of revenue recognition for all projects commencing on or after April 1, 2012 or project where the revenue is recognized for the first time on or after the above date. As per this Guidance Note, the revenue have been recognized on percentage of completion method provided all of the following conditions are met at the reporting date.

- atleast 25% of estimated construction and development costs (excluding land cost) has been incurred;

- atleast 25% of the saleable project area is secured by the Agreements to sell/ application forms (containing salient terms of the agreement to sell); and

- atleast 10% of the total revenue as per agreement to sell are realized in respect of these agreements.

ii) Sale of land and plots (including development rights) is recognised in the financial year in which the agreement to sell/ application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell) is executed. Where the Company has any remaining substantial obligations as per the agreements, revenue is recognised on the percentage of completion method of accounting, as per (i) (a) above.

iii) Sale of development rights is recognized in the financial year in which the agreements of sale are executed and there is no uncertainty in the ultimate collections.

iv) Revenue from wind power generation is recognised on the basis of actual power sold (net of reactive energy consumed), as per the terms of the power purchase agreements entered into with the respective purchasers.

v) Income from interest is accounted for on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable rate of interest.

vi) Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive is established by the reporting date.

vii) Share of profit/ loss from firms in which the Company is a partner is accounted for in the financial year ending on (or immediately before) the date of the balance sheet.

viii) Rent, service receipts and interest from customers under agreement to sell is accounted for on accrual basis except in cases where ultimate collection is considered doubtful.

ix) Sale of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) and Voluntary Emission Reductions (VERs) is recognised as income on the delivery of the CERs/VERs to the customer''s account and receipt of payment.

h) Unbilled receivables

Unbilled receivables disclosed under Note No. 19 - "Other Current Assets" represents revenue recognised based on Percentage of Completion Method (as per para no. g (i) and g(ii) above), over and above the amount due as per the payment plans agreed with the customers.

i) Cost of revenue

i) Cost of constructed properties other than SEZ projects, includes cost of land (including cost of development rights/ land under agreements to purchase), estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/ construction materials, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the percentage of revenue recognised as per accounting policy no. g (i)(a) above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

For SEZ projects, cost of constructed properties includes estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/ construction materials, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the percentage of revenue recognised as per accounting policy no. g (i)(b) above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

ii) Cost of land and plots includes land (including development rights) acquisition cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges, which is charged to statement of profit and loss based on the percentage of land/ plotted area in respect of which revenue is recognised as per accounting policy no. g (ii) above to the saleable total land/ plotted area of the scheme, in consonance with the concept of matching cost and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

iii) Cost of development rights is measured at the rate at which the same have been purchased from the Land Owning Companies (LOCs) as per the agreement.

j) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and/or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets, in accordance with notified Accounting Standard 16 "Borrowing Costs". A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed due to, other than temporary, interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

k) Taxation

Tax expense for the year comprises current income tax and deferred tax. Current income tax is determined in respect of taxable income with deferred tax being determined as the tax effect of timing differences representing the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period, and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s). Such deferred tax is quantified using rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the end of the financial year.

l) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. All monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted into Indian rupees at the year-end exchange rate. Income and expenditure of the overseas liaison office is translated at the yearly average rate of exchange.

The exchange differences arising on such conversion and on settlement of the transactions are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

In terms of the clarification provided by Ministry of Corporate Affairs ("MCA") vide a notification no. G.S.R.913(E) on Accounting Standard - 11 "Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates", the exchange gain/loss on long term foreign currency monetary items is adjusted in the cost of depreciable capital assets. The other exchange gains/ losses have been recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

m) Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 15 - Employee Benefits.

(i) Provident fund

The Company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with the Employees'' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. In terms of the Guidance on implementing the revised AS - 15, issued by the Accounting Standards Board of the ICAI, the provident fund trust set up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

(ii) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post-employment benefit and is in the nature of a defined benefit plan. The liability recognised in the balance sheet in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit/ obligation at the balance sheet date, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit/obligation is calculated at or near the balance sheet date by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

(iii) Compensated absences

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognised on the basis of undiscounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of an actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

(iv) Employee Shadow Option Scheme (Cash Settled Options)

Accounting value of Cash Settled Options granted to employees under the "Employee Shadow Option Scheme" is determined on the basis of intrinsic value representing the excess of the average market price, during the month before the reporting date, over the exercise price of the shadow option. The same is charged as employee benefits over the vesting period, in accordance with Guidance Note 18 "Share Based Payments", issued by the ICAI.

(v) Other short-term benefits

Expense in respect of other short-term benefits is recognised on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

Contribution made towards

Superannuation Fund (funded by payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC)) is charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

n) Leases

Assets subject to operating leases are included under fixed assets or current assets as appropriate. Rent (Lease) income is recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight- line basis over the lease term. Costs, including depreciation, are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

o) Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP)

Accounting value of stock options is determined on the basis of "intrinsic value" representing the excess of the market price on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options granted under the "Employee Stock Option Scheme" of the Company, and is being amortised as "Deferred employee compensation" on a straight-line basis over the vesting period in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note 18 "Share Based Payments" issued by the ICAI.

p) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and is accordingly reversed in the statement of profit and loss.

q) Contingent liabilities and provisions

Depending upon the facts of each case and after due evaluation of legal aspects, claims against the Company are accounted for as either provisions or disclosed as contingent liabilities. In respect of statutory dues disputed and contested by the Company, contingent liabilities are provided for and disclosed as per original demand without taking into account any interest or penalty that may accrue thereafter. The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. Possible future or present obligations that may but will probably not require outflow of resources or where the same cannot be reliably estimated, is disclosed as contingent liability in the Financial Statements.

r) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events including a bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. The period during which, number of dilutive potential equity shares change frequently, weighted average number of shares are computed based on a mean date in the quarter, as impact is immaterial on earnings per share.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of accounting

The Financial Statements are prepared under historical cost convention, on accrual basis, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and to comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section (1)(a) of Section 642 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the "Act").

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current, wherever applicable as per the operating cycle of the Company as per the guidance as set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting periods. Although these estimates are based upon management's knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates and revisions, if any, are recognised in the current and future periods.

c. Intangible assets and amortisation

i. Softwares which are not integral part of the hardware are classified as intangibles and are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation. These are being amortised over the estimated useful life of 5 years, as determined by the management.

ii. The Company has acquired exclusive usage rights for 30 years under the build, own, operate and transfer scheme of the Public Private Partnership ('PPP') Scheme in respect of properties developed as automated multi-level car parking and commercial space and classified them under the "Intangible

Assets - Right on Building and Right on Plant & Machinery". The Company has arrived at the cost of such intangible assets in accordance with provisions of relevant Accounting Standards. The cost of these rights is being amortised over the concession period in the proportion in which the actual revenue received during the accounting year bears to the Projected Revenue from such Intangibles till the end of concession period in accordance with the notification No. G.S.R. 298 (E) dated April 17, 2012 as notified in Ministry of Corporate Affairs ("MCA") on the Intangible Assets of Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

d. Fixed assets and depreciation

i. Fixed assets (gross block) are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment (if any). Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Building/specific identifiable portions of building, including related equipments are capitalised when the construction is substantially complete or upon receipt of the occupancy certificate, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on assets (including buildings and related equipment's rented out and included under current assets as inventories) is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

ii. Capital work-in-progress (including intangible assets under development) represents expenditure incurred in respect of capital projects/intangible assets under development and are carried at cost. Cost includes land, related acquisition expenses, development/ construction costs, borrowing costs and other direct expenditure.

iii. Leasehold land, under perpetual lease, is not amortised. Leasehold land, other than on perpetual lease, are being amortised on time proportion basis over their respective lease periods.

e. Investments

Investments are classified as non-current or current, based on management's intention at the time of purchase. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments.

Trade investments are the investments made for or to enhance the Company's business interests.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Non-current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in their value, other than temporary, is made in the financial statements.

Profit/loss on sale of investments is computed with reference to the average cost of the investment.

f. Inventories

Inventories are valued as under:

i) Land and plots other than area transferred to constructed properties at the commencement of construction are valued at lower of cost/ approximate average cost/ as revalued on conversion to stock and net realisable value. Cost includes land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase) acquisition cost, borrowing cost, estimated internal development cost and external development charges.

ii. Constructed properties other than Special Economic Zone (SEZ) projects includes the cost of land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase), internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/ construction materials and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost and net realisable value.

iii. In case of SEZ projects, constructed properties include internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borro- wing cost, development / construction materials, and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost, and net realisable value.

iv. Development rights represents amount paid under agreement to purchase land/ development rights and borrowing cost incurred by the Company to acquire irrevocable and exclusive licenses/ development rights in identified land and constructed properties, the acquisition of which is at an advanced stage.

v. Construction / development material is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

vi. Rented buildings and related equipments are valued at lower of cost (less accumulated depreciation) and net realisable value.

g. Revenue recognition

i. Revenue from constructed properties:

(a) Revenue from constructed properties, other than SEZ projects, is recognised on the "percentage of completion method". Total sale consideration as per the duly executed, agreements to sell/application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell), is recognised as revenue based on the percentage of actual project costs incurred thereon to total estimated project cost, subject to such actual cost incurred being 30 per cent or more of the total estimated project cost. Estimated project cost includes cost of land/ development rights, borrowing costs, overheads, estimated construction and development cost of such properties. The estimates of the saleable area and costs are reviewed periodically and effect of any changes in such estimates is recognised in the period in which such changes are determined. However, when the total project cost is estimated to exceed total revenues from the project, loss is recognised immediately.

(b) For SEZ projects, revenue from development charges is recognised on the percentage of completion method in accordance with the terms of the Co-developer Agreements/ Memorandum of Understanding ('MOU'), read with addendum, if any. The total development charges is recognised as Revenue on the percentage of actual project cost incurred thereon to total estimated project cost, subject to such actual cost incurred being 30 percent or more of the total estimated project cost. The estimated project cost includes construction cost, development and construction material, internal development cost, external development charges, borrowing cost and overheads of such project. Revenue from Lease of land pertaining to such projects is recognised in accordance with the terms of the Co-developer Agreements / MOU on accrual basis.

ii. Sale of land and plots (including development rights) is recognised in the financial year in which the agreement to sell/ application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell) is executed. Where the Company has any remaining substantial obligations as per the agreements, revenue is recognised on the percentage of completion method of accounting, as per (i)(a) above.

iii. Sale of development rights is recognized in the financial year in which the agreements of sale are executed and there is no uncertainty in the ultimate collections.

iv. Revenue from wind power generation is recognised on the basis of actual power sold (net of reactive energy consumed), as per the terms of the power purchase agreements entered into with the respective purchasers.

v. Income from interest is accounted for on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable rate of interest.

vi. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive is established by the reporting date.

vii. Share of profit/ loss from firms in which the Company is a partner is accounted for in the financial year ending on (or immediately before) the date of the balance sheet.

viii. Rent, service receipts and interest from customers under agreement to sell is accounted for on accrual basis except in cases where ultimate collection is considered doubtful.

ix. Sale of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) and Voluntary Emission Reductions (VERs) is recognised as income on the delivery of the CERs/VERs to the customer's account and receipt of payment.

h. Unbilled receivables

Unbilled receivables disclosed under Note No. 19 - "Other Current Assets" represents revenue recognised based on Percentage of completion method [as per para no. g (i) and g(ii) above], over and above the amount due as per the payment plans agreed with the customers.

i. Cost of revenue

i. Cost of constructed properties other than SEZ projects, includes cost of land (including cost of development rights/ land under agreements to purchase), estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development / construction materials, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the percentage of revenue recognised as per accounting policy no. - g (i) above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

For SEZ projects, cost of constructed properties includes estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/ construction materials, which is charged to the statement of profit and loss based on the percentage of revenue recognised as per accounting policy no. - g (i) above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

ii. Cost of land and plots includes land (including development rights) acquisition cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges, which is charged to statement of profit and loss based on the percentage of land/ plotted area in respect of which revenue is recognised as per accounting policy no- g

(ii) above to the saleable total land/ plotted area of the scheme, in consonance with the concept of matching cost and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

iii. Cost of development rights is measured at the rate at which the same have been purchased from the Land Owning Companies (LOCs) as per the agreement.

j. Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and/or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets, in accordance with notified Accounting Standard 16 "Borrowing Costs". A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed due to, other than temporary interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

k. Taxation

Tax expense for the year comprises current income tax and deferred tax Current income tax is determined in respect of taxable income with deferred tax being determined as the tax effect of timing differences representing the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period, and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s). Such deferred tax is quantified using rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the end of the financial year.

l. Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. All monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted into Indian rupees at the year-end exchange rate. Income and expenditure of the overseas liaison office is translated at the yearly average rate of exchange.

The exchange differences arising on such conversion and on settlement of the transactions are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

In terms of the clarification provided by Ministry of Corporate Affairs ("MCA") vide a notification no. G.S.R.913(E) on Accounting Standard - 11 "Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates", the exchange gain/loss on long-term foreign currency monetary items is adjusted in the cost of depreciable capital assets. The other exchange gains/ losses have been recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

m. Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 15 - Employee Benefits.

i. Provident fund

The Company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. In terms of the Guidance on implementing the revised AS - 15, issued by the Accounting Standards Board of the ICAI, the provident fund trust set up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

ii. Gratuity

Gratuity is a post-employment benefit and is in the nature of a defined benefit plan. The liability recognised in the balance sheet in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit/obligation at the balance sheet date, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit/obligation is calculated at or near the balance sheet date by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

iii. Compensated absences

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognised on the basis of undiscounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of an actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

iv. Employee Shadow Option Scheme (Cash Settled Options)

Accounting value of Cash Settled Options granted to employees under the "Employees Shadow Option Scheme" is determined on the basis of intrinsic value representing the excess of the average market price, during the month before the reporting date, over the exercise price of the shadow option. The same is charged as employee benefits over the vesting period, in accordance with Guidance Note No. 18 "Share Based Payments", issued by the ICAI.

v. Other short-term benefits

Expense in respect of other short-term benefits is recognised on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

Contribution made towards Superannuation Fund [funded by payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC)] is charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

n. Leases

Assets subject to operating leases are included under fixed assets or current assets as appropriate. Rent (Lease) income is recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight- line basis over the lease term. Costs, including depreciation, are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

o. Employees Stock Option Plan (ESOP)

Accounting value of stock options is determined on the basis of "intrinsic value" representing the excess of the market price on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options granted under the "Employees Stock Option Scheme" of the Company, and is being amortised as "Deferred employee compensation" on a straight-line basis over the vesting period in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note No. 18 "Share Based Payments" issued by the ICAI.

p. Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and is accordingly reversed in the statement of profit and loss.

q. Contingent liabilities and provisions

Depending upon the facts of each case and after due evaluation of legal aspects, claims against the Company are accounted for as either provisions or disclosed as contingent liabilities. In respect of statutory dues disputed and contested by the Company, contingent liabilities are provided for and disclosed as per original demand without taking into account any interest or penalty that may accrue thereafter. The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. Possible future or present obligations that may but will probably not require outflow of resources or where the same cannot be reliably estimated, is disclosed as contingent liability in the Financial Statements.

r. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events including a bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number ofshares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. The period during which, number of dilutive potential equity shares change frequently, weighted average number of shares are computed based on a mean date in the quarter, as impact is immaterial on earnings per share.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of accounting

The Financial Statements are prepared under historical cost convention, on accrual basis, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and to comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section (I) (a) of section 642 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the "Act").

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting periods. Although these estimates are based upon managements knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates and revisions, if any, are recognised in the current and future periods.

3. Intangible assets and amortisation

Softwares which are not integral part of the hardware are classified as intangibles and are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation. These are being amortised over the estimated useful life of 5 years, as determined by the management.

4. Fixed assets and depreciation/ amortisation

a) Fixed assets (gross block) are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment (if any). Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Building / specific identifiable portions of building, including related equipments are capitalised when the construction is substantially complete or upon receipt of the occupancy certificate, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on assets (including buildings and related equipments rented out and included under current assets as stocks) is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Capital work-in-progress represents expenditure incurred in respect of capital projects under development and are carried at cost. Cost includes land, related acquisition expenses, development/ construction costs, borrowing costs and other direct expenditure including advances to contractors and others.

c) Leasehold land, under perpetual lease, is not amortised. Leasehold lands, other than on perpetual lease, are being amortised on time proportion basis over their respective lease periods.

5. Investments

Investments are classified as long term or current, based on managements intention at the time of purchase. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Trade investments are the investments made for or to enhance the Companys business interests.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in their value, other than temporary, is made in the financial statements.

Profit/loss on sale of investments is computed with reference to the average cost of the investment.

6. Stocks

Stocks are valued as under:

a) Land and plots other than area transferred to constructed properties at the commencement of construction are valued at lower of cost/ approximate average cost/ as revalued on conversion to stock and net realisable value. Cost includes land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase) acquisition cost, borrowing cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges.

b) Constructed properties other than Special Economic Zone (SEZ) projects includes the cost of land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase), internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/ construction materials and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost and net realisable value.

c) In case of SEZ projects, constructed properties include internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/ construction materials, and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost, and net realisable value.

d) Development rights represents amount paid under agreement to purchase land/ development rights and borrowing cost incurred by the Company to acquire irrevocable and exclusive licenses/ development rights in identified land and constructed properties, the acquisition of which is at an advanced stage.

e) Construction/ development material is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

f) Rented buildings and related equipments are valued at lower of cost (less accumulated depreciation) and net realisable value.

7. Revenue recognition

a) Revenue from constructed properties:

(i) Revenue from constructed properties, other than SEZ projects, is recognised on the "percentage of completion method". Total sale consideration as per the duly executed, agreements to sell / application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell), is recognised as revenue based on the percentage of actual project costs incurred thereon to total estimated project cost, subject to such actual cost incurred being 30 per cent or more of the total estimated project cost. Estimated project cost includes cost of land/ development rights, borrowing costs, overheads, estimated construction and development cost of such properties. The estimates of the saleable area and costs are reviewed periodically and effect of any changes in such estimates is recognised in the period in which such changes are determined. However, when the total project cost is estimated to exceed total revenues from the project, loss is recognised immediately.

(ii) For SEZ projects, revenue from development charges is recognised on the percentage of completion method in accordance with the terms of the Co-developer Agreements / Memorandum of understanding (MOU), read with addendum, if any. The total development charges is recognised as Revenue on the percentage of actual project cost incurred thereon to total estimated project cost subject to such actual cost incurred being 30% or more of the total estimated project cost. The estimated project cost includes construction cost, development and construction material, internal development cost, external development charges, borrowing cost and overheads of such project. Revenue from Lease of land pertaining to such projects is recognised in accordance with the terms of the Co-developer Agreements/ MOU on accrual basis.

b) Sale of land and plots (including development rights) is recognised in the financial year in which the agreement to sell/ application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell) is executed. Where the Company has any remaining substantial obligations as per the agreements, revenue is recognised on the percentage of completion method of accounting, as per (a) (i) above.

c) Sale of development right is recognized in the financial year in which the agreements of sale are executed.

d) Revenue from wind power generation is recognised on the basis of actual power sold (net of reactive energy consumed), as per the terms of the power purchase agreements entered into with the respective purchasers.

e) Income from interest is accounted for on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable rate of interest.

f) Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive is established.

g) Share of profit/ loss from firms in which the Company is a partner is accounted for in the financial year ending on (or immediately before) the date of the balance sheet.

h) Rent, service receipts and interest from customers under agreement to sell is accounted for on accrual basis except in cases where ultimate collection is considered doubtful.

i) Sale of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) and Voluntary Emission Reductions (VERs) is recognised as income on the delivery of the CERs/VERs to the customers account and receipt of payment.

8. Unbilled receivables

Unbilled receivables disclosed under Schedule 11 - "Other Current Assets" represents revenue recognised based on Percentage of completion method (as per para no. 7(a) and 7(b) above), over and above the amount due as per the payment plans agreed with the customers.

9. Co st of revenue

a) Cost of constructed properties other than SEZ projects, includes cost of land (including cost of development rights/ land under agreements to purchase), estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/ construction materials, which is charged to the profit and loss account based on the percentage of revenue recognised as per accounting policy no. 7 (a) above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

For SEZ projects, cost of constructed properties includes estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/ construction materials, which is charged to the profit and loss account based on the percentage of revenue recognised as per accounting policy no. 7 (a) above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

b) Cost of land and plots includes land (including development rights) acquisition cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges, which is charged to profit and loss account based on the percentage of land/ plotted area in respect of which revenue is recognised as per accounting policy no. 7(b) above to the saleable total land/ plotted area of the scheme, in consonance with the concept of matching cost and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specific project.

c) Cost of development rights is measured at the rate at which the same have been purchased from the LOCs as per the agreement.

10. Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and/or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets, in accordance with notified Accounting Standard 16 "Borrowing Costs". A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed due to, other than temporary, interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the profit and loss account as incurred.

11. Taxation

Tax expense for the year comprises current income tax and deferred tax Current income tax is determined in respect of taxable income with deferred tax being determined as the tax effect of timing differences representing

the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period, and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s). Such deferred tax is quantified using rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the end of the financial year.

12. Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. All monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted into Indian rupees at the year-end exchange rate. Income and expenditure of the overseas liaison office is translated at the yearly average rate of exchange.

The exchange differences arising on such conversion and on settlement of the transactions are recognised in the profit and loss account.

In terms of the clarification provided by Ministry of Corporate Affairs ("MCA") vide a notification no. G.S.R.225(E) on Accounting Standard – 11 "Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates", the exchange gain/loss on long term foreign currency monetary items are adjusted in the cost of depreciable capital assets. The other exchange gains/ losses related to current assets has been recognised in the profit and loss account.

13. Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 15 - Employee Benefits.

(i) Provident fund

The Company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. In terms of the Guidance on implementing the revised AS – 15, issued by the Accounting Standards Board of the ICAI, the provident fund trust set up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

(ii) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post employment benefit and is in the nature of a defined benefit plan. The liability recognised in the balance sheet in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit/ obligation at the balance sheet date, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit/ obligation is calculated at or near the balance sheet date by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

(iii) Compensated absences

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognised on the basis of undiscounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of an actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

(iv) Employee Shadow Option Scheme (Cash Settled Options)

Accounting value of Cash Settled Options granted to employees under the "Employees Shadow Option Scheme" is determined on the basis of intrinsic value representing the excess of the average market price, during the month before the reporting date, over the exercise price of the shadow option. The same is charged as employee benefits over the vesting period, in accordance with Guidance Note No. 18 "Share Based Payments", issued by the ICAI.

(v) Other short term benefits

Expense in respect of other short-term benefits is recognised on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

Contribution made towards Supernnuation Fund (funded by payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC)) are charged to the profit and loss account on accrual basis.

14. Leases

Assets subject to operating leases are included under fixed assets or current assets as appropriate. Rent (Lease) income is recognised in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Costs, including depreciation, are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account.

15. Employees Stock Option Plan (ESOP)

Accounting value of stock options is determined on the basis of "intrinsic value" representing the excess of the market price on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options granted under the "Employees Stock Option Scheme" of the Company, and is being amortised as "Deferred employee compensation" on a straight-line basis over the vesting period in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note 18 "Share Based Payments" issued by the ICAI.

16. Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and is accordingly reversed in the profit and loss account.

17. Contingent liabilities and provisions

Depending upon the facts of each case and after due evaluation of legal aspects, claims against the Company are accounted for as either provisions or disclosed as contingent liabilities. In respect of statutory dues disputed and contested by the Company, contingent liabilities are provided for and disclosed as per original demand without taking into account any interest or penalty that may accrue thereafter. The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. Possible future or present obligations that may but will probably not require outflow of resources or where the same cannot be reliably estimated, is disclosed as contingent liability in the Financial Statements.

18. Earning Per Share

Basic Earning Per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events including a bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. The period during which, number of dilutive potential equity shares change frequently, weighted average number of shares are computed based on a mean date in the quarter, as impact is immaterial on Earning Per Share.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of accounting

The Financial Statements are prepared under historical cost convention, on accrual basis, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and to comply with the Accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub- section (I) (a) of Section 642 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the "Act").

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of fi nancial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the fi nancial statements and the results of operations during the reporting periods. Although these estimates are based upon managements knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates and revisions, if any, are recognised in the current and future periods.

3. Intangible assets and amortisation

Softwares which are not integral part of the hardware are classifi ed as intangibles and is stated at cost less accumulated amortisation. Softwares are being amortised over the estimated useful life of 5 years as determined by the management.

4. Fixed assets and depreciation/ amortisation

a) Fixed assets (gross block) are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Building / specifi c identifi able portion of building, including related equipments are capitalised when the construction is substantially complete or upon receipt of the occupancy certifi cate, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on assets (including buildings and related equipments rented out and included under current assets as stocks) is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Capital work-in-progress represents expenditure incurred in respect of capital projects under development and are carried at cost. Cost includes land, related acquisition expenses, development / construction costs, borrowing costs and other direct expenditure including advances to contractors and others.

c) Leasehold land, under perpetual lease, are not amortised. Leasehold lands, other than on perpetual lease, are being amortised on time proportion basis over their respective lease periods.

5. Investments

Investments are classifi ed as long term or current, based on managements intention at the time of purchase. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classifi ed as current investments. All other investments are classifi ed as long-term investments. Trade investments are the investments made for or to enhance the Companys business interests.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in their value, other than temporary, is made in the fi nancial statements. Profit/loss on sale of investments is computed with reference to the average cost of the investment.

6. Stocks

Stocks are valued as under:

a) Land and plots other than area transferred to constructed properties at the commencement of construction are valued at lower of cost/ approximate average cost/ as revalued on conversion to stock and net realisable value. Cost includes land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase) acquisition cost, borrowing cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges.

b) Constructed properties other than Special Economic Zone (SEZ) projects includes the cost of land (including development rights and land under agreements to purchase), internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/ construction materials and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost and net realisable value.

c) In case of SEZ projects, constructed properties include internal development costs, external development charges, construction costs, overheads, borrowing cost, development/ construction materials, and is valued at lower of cost/ estimated cost, and net realisable value.

d) Development rights represent amount paid under agreement to purchase land/ development rights and borrowing cost incurred by the Company to acquire irrevocable and exclusive licenses/ development rights in identifi ed land and constructed properties, the acquisition of which is at an advanced stage.

e) Cost of construction/ development material is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

f) Rented buildings and related equipments are valued at lower of cost (less accumulated depreciation) and net realisable value.

7. Revenue recognition

a) Revenue from constructed properties:

(i) Revenue from constructed properties, other than SEZ projects, is recognised on the "percentage of completion method". Total sale consideration as per the duly executed, agreements to sell / application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell), is recognised as revenue based on the percentage of actual project costs incurred thereon to total estimated project cost, subject to such actual cost incurred being 30 per cent or more of the total estimated project cost. Estimated project cost includes cost of land/ development rights, borrowing costs, overheads, estimated construction and development cost of such properties. The estimates of the saleable area and costs are reviewed periodically and effect of any changes in such estimates is recognised in the period in which such changes are determined. However, when the total project cost is estimated to exceed total revenues from the project, loss is recognised immediately. (ii) For SEZ projects, revenue from development charges is recognised on the percentage of completion method in accordance with the terms of the Co-developer Agreements / Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), read with addendum, if any. The total development charges is recognised as Revenue on the percentage of actual project cost incurred thereon to total estimated project cost subject to such actual cost incurred being 30% or more of the total estimated project cost. The estimated project cost includes construction cost, development and construction material, internal development cost, external development charges, borrowing cost and overheads of such project. Revenue from Lease of land pertaining to such projects is recognised in accordance with the terms of the Co-developer Agreements/ MOU on accrual basis.

b) Sale of land and plots (including development rights) is recognised in the fi nancial year in which the agreement to sell/ application forms (containing salient terms of agreement to sell) is executed. Where the Company has any remaining substantial obligations as per the agreements, revenue is recognised on the percentage of completion method of accounting, as per a) (i) above.

c) Revenue from wind power generation is recognised on the basis of actual power sold (net of reactive energy consumed), as per the terms of the power purchase agreements entered into with the respective purchasers.

d) Income from interest is accounted for on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable rate of interest.

e) Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive is established.

f) Share of profit/ loss from fi rms in which the Company is a partner is accounted for in the fi nancial year ending on (or immediately before) the date of the balance sheet.

g) Rent, service receipts and interest from customers under agreement to sell is accounted for on accrual basis except in cases where ultimate collection is considered doubtful.

h) Sale of Certifi ed Emission Reductions (CERs) and Voluntary Emission Reductions (VERs) is recognised as income on the delivery of the CERs/VERs to the customers account and receipt of payment.

8. Unbilled receivables

Unbilled receivables disclosed under Schedule 11 - "Other Current Assets" represents revenue recognised based on Percentage of completion method (as per para no. 7a and 7b above), over and above the amount due as per the payment plans agreed with the customers.

9. Cost of revenue

a) Cost of constructed properties other than SEZ projects, includes cost of land (including cost of development rights/ land under agreements to purchase), estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/ construction materials, which is charged to the profit & loss account based on the percentage of revenue recognised as per accounting policy no. - 7 above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specifi c project.

For SEZ projects, cost of constructed properties includes estimated internal development costs, external development charges, borrowing costs, overheads, construction costs and development/ construction materials, which is charged to the profit & loss account based on the percentage of revenue recognised as per accounting policy no. - 7 above, in consonance with the concept of matching costs and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specifi c project.

b) Cost of land and plots includes land (including development rights) acquisition cost, estimated internal development costs and external development charges, which is charged to profit & loss account based on the percentage of land/ plotted area in respect of which revenue is recognised as per accounting policy no.- 7 above to the saleable total land/ plotted area of the scheme, in consonance with the concept of matching cost and revenue. Final adjustment is made upon completion of the specifi c project.

10. Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and/or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets, in accordance with notifi ed

Accounting Standard 16 "Borrowing Costs". A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed due to, other than temporary interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the profit & loss account as incurred.

11. Taxation

Tax expense for the year comprises current income tax and deferred tax Current income tax is determined in respect of taxable income with deferred tax being determined as the tax effect of timing differences representing the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period, and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s). Such deferred tax is quantifi ed using rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the end of the fi nancial year.

12. Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. All monetary items denominated in foreign currency are converted into Indian rupees at the year-end exchange rate. Income and expenditure of the overseas liaison offi ce is translated at the yearly average rate of exchange.

The exchange differences arising on such conversion and on settlement of the transactions are recognised in the profit & loss account.

In terms of the clarifi cation provided by Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) vide a notifi cation no. G.S.R. 225(E) on Accounting Standard – 11 "Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates", the exchange gain/loss on long term foreign currency monitory items are adjusted in the cost of depreciable capital assets. The other exchange gains/losses related to current assets has been recognised in the profit & loss account

13. Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 15 - Employee Benefits.

(i) Provident fund

The Company makes contribution to statutory provident funds in accordance with the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. In terms of the Guidance on implementing the revised AS – 15, issued by the Accounting Standards Board of the ICAI, the provident fund trust set-up by the Company is treated as a defi ned benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

(ii) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post employment benefit and is in the nature of a defi ned benefit plan. The liability recognised in the balance sheet in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defi ned benefit/ obligation at the balance sheet date less the fair value of plan assets, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defi ned benefit / obligation is calculated at or near the balance sheet date by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the profit & loss account in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

(iii) Compensated absences

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognised on the basis of undiscounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of an actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from past experience and changes in actuarial assumptions are credited or charged to the profit & loss account in the year in which such gains or losses are determined.

(iv) Cash settled options

Accounting value of Cash Settled Options granted to employees under the "Employees Shadow Option Scheme" is determined on the basis of intrinsic value representing the excess of the average market price, during the month before the reporting date, over the exercise price of the shadow option. The same is charged as employee benefits over the vesting period, in accordance with Guidance Note No 18 "Share Based Payments", issued by the ICAI.

(v) Other short term benefits

Expense in respect of other short-term benefits is recognised on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

Contribution made towards

Supernnuation Fund (funded by payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC)) are charged to the profit & loss account on accrual basis.

14. Leases

Assets subject to operating leases are included under fi xed assets or current assets as appropriate. Rent (Lease) income is recognised in the profit & loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Costs, including depreciation, are recognised as an expense in the profit & loss account.

15. Employees stock option plan (ESOP)

Accounting value of stock options is determined on the basis of "intrinsic value"

representing the excess of the market price on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options granted under the "Employees Stock Option Scheme" of the Company, and is being amortised as "Deferred employee compensation" on a straight-line basis over the vesting period in accordance with the SEBI (Employees Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note No.18 "Share Based Payments" issued by the ICAI.

16. Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the profit & loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is refl ected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and is accordingly reversed in the profit & loss account.

17. Contingent liabilities and provisions

Depending upon the facts of each case and after due evaluation of legal aspects, claims against the Company are accounted for as either provisions or disclosed as contingent liabilities. In respect of statutory dues disputed and contested by the Company, contingent liabilities are provided for and disclosed as per original demand without taking into account any interest or penalty that may accrue thereafter. The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outfl ow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made.

Possible future or present obligations that may but will probably not require outfl ow of resources or where the same cannot be reliably estimated, is disclosed as contingent liability in the Financial Statements.

18. Earning per share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events including a bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. The period during which, number of dilutive potential equity shares change frequently, weighted average number of shares are computed based on a mean date in the quarter, as impact is immaterial on Earning per

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