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Accounting Policies of JBM Auto Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

NOTE: 1 CORPORATE GENERAL INFORMATION

JBM Auto Limited (the "Company”) is a public limited company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act 1956 having its registered office at 601, Hemkunt chambers, 89, Nehru place, New Delhi. The Company is engaged in the automotive business that manufactures and sell sheet metal components, tools dies & moulds and buses including sale of spare parts, accessories & maintenance contract of Buses. The company is listed on Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE).

NOTE: 2 SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES a) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

These financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India (''Indian GAAP'') and comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 which continue to apply under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, (''the Act'') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest rupees in lakhs.

b) USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepting Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that effects the application of accounting policies and reported amount of assets, liabilities, income and expenses and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statement. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates and underlying assumption are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

c) CURRENT/NON-CURRENT CLASSIFICATION

Any assets or liability is classified as current if it satisfied any of the following conditions:

(i) It is expected to be realized or settled or is intended for sale or consumption in the company''s normal operating cycle;

(ii) It is expected to be realized or settled within twelve months from the reporting date;

(iii) In the case of an asset,

- It is held primarily for the purpose of being traded; or

- It is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date;

(iv) In the case of an liability, the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counter party, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

All others assets and liabilities are classified as non-current.

d) REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue represents the net invoice value of goods and services provided to third parties after deducting discounts, outgoing sales tax and other duties, and are recognized when all significant risks and rewards/ownership are transferred to the customer. Revenues from sale of material by products are included in revenue.

Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend payment is established.

Interest and Royalty income are recognized on accrual basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

e) GOVERNMENT GRANTS

Grants/subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and the grants/subsidy will be received.

When the grant/subsidy relates to revenue, it is recognized as income on the systematic basis in the statement of profit and loss over the periods necessary to match them with related costs which they are intended to compensate. Where the grants relates to an Property, Plant and Equipment, it is recognized as deferred income and released to income in equal amounts over the expected useful life of the related Property, Plant and Equipment.

Where the company receives non-monetary grants, the assets are accounted for on the basis of its acquisition cost. In case a non-monetary asset is given free of cost, it is recognized at a nominal value.

Government grants of the nature of promoter''s contribution are credited to capital reserve and treated as a part of the shareholders'' funds.

f) EXTRA-ORDINARY ITEMS

Extraordinary items are those income or expense that arises from events or transactions that are clearly distinct from the ordinary activities of the enterprise, and, therefore, are not expected to recur frequently or regularly.

g) EXCEPTIONAL ITEMS

Exceptional items are those items of income or expense arising from ordinary activities, are of such size, nature or incidence that requires separate disclosure to explain the performance of the enterprise.

h) PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT (Fixed Assets)

Tangible Assets & Capital work-in-progress:

Tangible assets (except freehold land which is carried at cost) are carried at cost of acquisition or construction in the year of capitalization less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises its purchase price, including import duties, net of modal/cenvat, directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to its working condition and location for its intended use, including borrowing cost relating to the qualified asset over the period up to the date the asset is ready to commence commercial production in the manner intended by management and the initial estimated costs of dismantling, removing the item and restoring the site on which it is located, if any. Adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to long-term foreign currency monetary items attributable to the depreciable tangible assets are capitalized.

Machine spares that can be used only in connection with an item of tangible assets and their use are expected to be irregular are capitalized. The replacement of such spares are charged to revenue.

Cost of Assets not ready for intended use, as on balance sheet date, is shown as capital-work-in-progress.

Intangible assets:

In accordance with the Accounting Standard (AS) 26 relating to intangible assets, all costs incurred on technical knowhow/ license fee relating to production process are charged to revenue in the year of incurrence. Technical knowhow/license fee/ product development relating to process design/plants/facilities are capitalized at the time of capitalization of the said plants/ facilities and amortized as follows:-

a) Computer software - 3 years

b) Technical know-how - 5 years

c) License fees, Design, Technical know-how & Prototype

Related to Bus Division - 10 years

i) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

Carrying amount of cash generating units/ Property, Plant and Equipment are reviewed for impairment, if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. The excess of carrying value over the recoverable amount of the asset is charged, as an impairment loss to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

j) DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on Property, Plant and Equipment is provided to the extent of Depreciable amount on straight line method based on useful life of the assets as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of the following assets,

Individual assets costing 5000/- or less are depreciated in full, at the time of purchase. Depreciation on incremental cost arising on account of translation of foreign currency liabilities for acquisition of Property, Plant and Equipment is provided as aforesaid over the residual life of the Principal asset.

k) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. The cost is determined on the following basis:

Raw material is recorded at cost on first-in-first-out (FIFO) method.

Finished Goods and Work in Progress valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition.

Stores, Spares and Packing materials are recorded at Cost on first-in-first-out (FIFO) method.

By Product and Scrap are valued at realizable value. l) INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into current and non-current investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or market value. Non-current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value is made only if such decline is other than temporary nature in the opinion of management.

m) FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the year-end are translated at exchange rate applicable as on that date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference on forward exchange contract and on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in the following cases:-

a) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary items attributable to depreciable Property, Plant and Equipment are capitalized; and

b) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary item not attributable to depreciable Property, Plant and Equipment are transferred to "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account” and amortized over its tenor till maturity.

n) BORROWING COST

Borrowing Cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from short term foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as are adjustments to interest cost.

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

o) EMPLOYEE''S BENEFITS

i. Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which related service is rendered.

ii. The Company has defined contribution plans for post retirement benefits, namely, Employees Provident Fund Scheme administered through provident fund commissioner and the company''s contribution are charged to revenue every year.

iii. Company''s contribution to state plans namely Employees State Insurance Fund is charged to revenue every year.

iv. The company has defined benefit plans namely Leave encashment / Compensated absence and Gratuity, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an Actuarial valuation at the end of the year. Gratuity Trust is administered through Life Insurance Corporation of India.

v. Termination benefits are recognized as an expense immediately.

vi. Gain or Loss arising out of actuarial evaluation is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

p) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS

Research costs are expensed out under the respective heads of account in the year in which it is incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the company can demonstrate all the following:

i) The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale

ii) Its intention to complete the asset

iii) How the asset will generate future economic benefits

iv) Its ability to use or sell the assets.

v) The availability of adequate resources to complete the development and to use or sell the asset

vi) The ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during development.

Following the initial recognition of the development expenditure as an asset, the cost model is applied requiring the asset to be carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortization of the asset begins when development is complete and the asset is available for use. During the period of development, the asset is tested for impairment annually.

q) TAX EXPENSE

Provision for current income tax is made after taking credit for allowances and exemptions using the tax rate and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted on the Balance Sheet date. In case of matters under appeal, due to disallowances or otherwise, provision is made when the said liabilities are accepted by the Company.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay the income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the company and the asset can be measured reliably.

Deferred tax resulting from "timing difference” between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted as on the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax asset arising from temporary differences are recognized to the extent there is virtual certainty of realization of asset in future. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable income.

r) PROPOSED DIVIDEND

Dividend as proposed by the Board of Directors is provided as liability in the books of account on the date of approval by the shareholders.

s) PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Show cause notices issued by various Government Authorities are not considered as obligation. When the demand notices are raised against such show cause notices and are disputed by the Company then these are classified as possible obligation.

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is a probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in notes to the financial statement. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the Financial Statements.

t) DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

In respect of the Financial derivative contracts the premium / interest paid and profit / loss on settlement is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss. The contracts entered into other than forward contracts are marked to market at year end and the resultant loss is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss except in the cases these relate to the depreciable Property, Plant and Equipment in which case these are adjusted to the carrying cost of respective assets.

u) ROYALTY

a) The company pays /accrues for royalty in accordance with the relevant license agreements with the technical Know-how provider.

b) The lump-sum royalty incurred towards obtaining technical assistance/technical know-how and engineering support to manufacture a new model is recognized as an intangible asset. Royalty Payable on sale of Products i.e. running royalty is charged to statement of Profit & loss as and when incurred.

v) EARNINGS PER SHARE (EPS)

Basic EPS is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year.

w) SEGMENT REPORTING

Segments are identified having regards to the dominant source and nature of risks and returns and internal organization and management structure. The Company has considered business segments as the primary segments for disclosure.


Mar 31, 2016

A) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India (''Indian GAAP'') and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 which continue to apply under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, (''the Act'') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable.

b) USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of asset and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of the revenue and the expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

c) REVENUE/EXPENDITURE RECOGNITION

Revenue represents the net invoice value of goods and services provided to third parties after deducting discounts, outgoing sales tax and other duties, and are recognized when all significant risks and rewards/ownership are transferred to the customer. Revenues from sale of material by products are included in revenue.

Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established. Interest and Royalty income are recognized on accrual basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Expenditure is accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities.

d) GOVERNMENT GRANTS

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and the grants/subsidy will be received.

When the grant or subsidy relates to revenue, it is recognized as income on the systematic basis in the statement of profit and loss over the periods necessary to match them with related costs which they are intended to compensate. Where the grants relates to an asset, it is recognized as deferred income and released to income in equal amounts over the expected useful life of the related asset.

Where the company receives non-monetary grants, the assets are accounted for on the basis of its acquisition cost. In case a non-monetary asset is given free of cost, it is recognized at a nominal value.

Government grants of the nature of promoter''s contribution are credited to capital reserve and treated as a part of the shareholders'' funds.

e) EXTRA-ORDINARY ITEMS

Extraordinary items are those income or expense that arises from events or transactions that are clearly distinct from the ordinary activities of the enterprise, and, therefore, are not expected to recur frequently or regularly.

f) EXCEPTIONAL ITEMS

Exceptional items are those items of income or expense arising from ordinary activities, are of such size, nature or incidence that requires separate disclosure to explain the performance of the enterprise.

g) FIXED ASSETS

The initial cost of Fixed Assets comprises its purchase price, including import duties, net of modvat/ cenvat, less accumulated depreciation and include directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to working condition and location for its intended use, including borrowing costs relating to the qualified asset over the period unto the date the asset is ready to commence commercial production. Adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to long term monetary items attributable to the depreciable fixed assets are capitalized.

Machine spares that can be used only in connection with an item or fixed asset and their use is expected to be irregular are capitalized. The replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

h) ASSETS IN THE COURSE OF CONSTRUCTION

Assets in the course of construction are capitalized in the assets under construction account. At the point when an asset is operating at enterprises intended use, the cost of construction is transferred to appropriate category of fixed assets. Costs associated with the commissioning of an asset are capitalized where the asset is available for use but incapable of operating at normal levels until a period of commissioning has been completed.

i) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

In accordance with the Accounting Standard (AS) 26 relating to intangible assets, all costs incurred on technical knowhow/ license fee relating to production process are charged to revenue in the year of incurrence. Technical knowhow/license fee/ product development relating to process design/plants/facilities are capitalized at the time of capitalization of the said plants/ facilities and amortized as follows:-

a) Computer software - 3 years

b) Technical know-how - 5 years

c) License fees, Design, Technical know-how & Prototype Related to Bus Division - 10 years

j) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

Carrying amount of cash generating units/Fixed assets are reviewed for impairment, if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. The excess of carrying value over the recoverable amount of the asset is charged, as an impairment loss to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

k) DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided to the extent of Depreciable amount on straight line method based on useful life of the assets as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of the following assets, where useful life is different than those prescribed in Schedule II are used, based on technical advice which considered the nature of assets, the usage of asset, expected physical wear & tear etc.

Individual assets costing Rs, 5000/- or less are depreciated in full, at the time of purchase. Depreciation on incremental cost arising on account of translation of foreign currency liabilities for acquisition of fixed assets is provided as aforesaid over the residual life of the respective assets.

I) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. The cost is determined on the following basis:

Raw material is recorded at cost on a First In First Out (FIFO) method.

Finished Goods and Work in Process valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition

By Product and Scrap are valued at net realizable value.

m) INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into Current and Non Current investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or market value. Non Current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

n) FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the year-end are translated at exchange rate applicable as on that date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference on forward exchange contract and on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in the following cases:-

a) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary items attributable to depreciable fixed assets are capitalized; and

b) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary item not attributable to depreciable fixed assets are transferred to "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortized over its tenor till maturity.

o) BORROWING COST

Borrowing Cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from short term foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as are adjustments to interest cost.

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

p) EMPLOYEE''S BENEFITS

i. Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which related service is rendered.

ii. The Company has defined contribution plans for post retirement benefits, namely, Employees Provident Fund Scheme administered through provident fund commissioner and the company''s contribution are charged to revenue every year.

iii. Company''s contribution to state plans namely Employees State Insurance Fund is charged to revenue every year.

iv. The company has defined benefit plans namely Leave encashment/ Compensated absence and Gratuity, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an Actuarial valuation at the end of the year. Gratuity Trust is administered through Life Insurance Corporation of India.

v. Termination benefits are recognized as an expense immediately.

vi. Gain or Loss arising out of actuarial evaluation is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

q) CLAIMS

Claims receivable are accounted for depending on the certainty of receipt and claims payable are accounted for at the time of acceptance.

r) EXCISE DUTY

Excise duty payable is accounted on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouse.

s) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS

Research costs are expensed as incurred .Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the company can demonstrate all the following:

i) The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale

ii) Its intention to complete the asset

iii) How the asset will generate future economic benefits

iv) The availability of adequate resources to complete the development and to use or sell the asset

v) The ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during development.

Following the initial recognition of the development expenditure as an asset, the cost model is applied requiring the asset to be carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortization of the asset begins when development is complete and the asset is available for use.

t) TAX EXPENSE

Provision for current income tax is made after taking credit for allowances and exemptions using the tax rate and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted on the Balance Sheet date. In case of matters under appeal, due to disallowances or otherwise, provision is made when the said liabilities are accepted by the Company.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay the income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the company and the asset can be measured reliably.

Deferred tax resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted as on the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax asset arising from temporary differences are recognized to the extent there is virtual certainty of realization of asset in future.

u) PROPOSED DIVIDEND

Dividend as proposed by the Board of Directors is provided for in the books of account, pending approval of the Members at the Annual General Meeting.

v) PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILITY

Show cause notices issued by various Government Authorities are not considered as obligation. When the demand notices are raised against such show cause notices and are disputed by the Company then these are classified as possible obligation.

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is a probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in notes.

w) DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

In respect of the Financial derivative contracts the premium / interest paid and profit/ loss on settlement is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss. The contracts entered into other than forward contracts are marked to market at year end and the resultant loss is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss except in the cases these relate to the depreciable fixed assets in which case these are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

x) CONTIGENCIES & COMMITMENTS

In the normal course of business, contingent liabilities may arise from litigation and other claims against the Company. Where the potential liabilities have a low probability of crystallizing or are very difficult to quantify reliably, these are treated as contingent liabilities. Such liabilities are disclosed in the notes but are not provided for in the financial statements, although there can be no assurance regarding the final outcome of the legal proceedings, the Company does not expect them to have a materially adverse impact on the financial position or profitability.


Mar 31, 2015

A) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India ('Indian GAAP') and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 which continue to apply under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, ('the Act') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable.

b) USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of asset and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of the revenue and the expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/ materialized.

c) REVENUE/EXPENDITURE RECOGNITION

Revenue represents the net invoice value of goods and services provided to third prates after deducting discounts, outgoing sales tax and other dutes, and are recognized when all significant risks and rewards/ownership are transferred to the customer. Revenues from sale of material by products are included in revenue.

Dividend income is recognized when the Company's right to receive dividend is established. Interest and Royalty income are recognized on accrual basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Expenditure is accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilites.

d) GOVERNMENT GRANTS

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and the grants/subsidy will be received.

When the grant or subsidy relates to revenue, it is recognized as income on the systematic basis in the statement of profit and loss over the periods necessary to match them with related costs which they are intended to compensate. Where the grants relates to an asset, it is recognized as deferred income and released to income in equal amounts over the expected useful life of the related asset.

Where the company receives non–monetary grants, the assets are accounted for on the basis of its acquisition cost. In case a non–monetary asset is given free of cost, it is recognized at a nominal value.

Government grants of the nature of promoter's contribution are credited to capital reserve and treated as a part of the shareholders' funds.

e) EXTRA-ORDINARY ITEMS

Extraordinary items are those income or expense that arises from events or transactions that are clearly distinct from the ordinary actives of the enterprise, and, therefore, are not expected to recur frequently or regularly.

f) EXCEPTIONAL ITEMS

Exceptional items are those items of income or expense arising from ordinary actives, are of such size, nature or incidence that requires separate disclosure to explain the performance of the enterprise.

g) FIXED ASSETS

The initial cost of Fixed Assets comprises its purchase price, including import dutes, net of modvat/ cenvat, less accumulated depreciation and include directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to working condition and location for its intended use, including borrowing costs relating to the qualified asset over the period up to the date the asset is ready to commence commercial production. Adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to long term monetary items attributable to the depreciable fixed assets are capitalized.

Machine spares that can be used only in connection with an item or fixed asset and their use is expected to be irregular are capitalized. The replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

h) ASSETS IN THE COURSE OF CONSTRUCTION

Assets in the course of construction are capitalized in the assets under construction account. At the point when an asset is operating at enterprises intended use, the cost of construction is transferred to appropriate category of fixed assets. Costs associated with the commissioning of an asset are capitalized where the asset is available for use but incapable of operating at normal levels until a period of commissioning has been completed.

i) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

In accordance with the Accounting Standard (AS) 26 relating to intangible assets, all costs incurred on technical knowhow/license fee relating to production process are charged to revenue in the year of incurrence. Technical knowhow/license fee/ product development relating to process design/plants/facilities are capitalized at the time of capitalization of the said plants/ facilities and amortized as follows:- a) Computer sofware – 3 years

b) Technical know-how – 5 years

c) License fees, design & prototype related to Bus division – 7 years

j) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

Carrying amount of cash generating units/Fixed assets are reviewed for impairment, if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. The excess of carrying value over the recoverable amount of the asset is charged, as an impairment loss to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

k) DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided to the extent of Depreciable amount on straight line method based on useful life of the assets as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of the following assets, where useful life is different than those prescribed in Schedule II are used, based on technical advice which considered the nature of assets, the usage of asset, expected physical wear & tear etc.

l) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. The cost is determined on the following basis:

Raw material is recorded at cost on a First In First Out (FIFO) method.

Finished Goods and Work in Process valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition

By Product and Scrap are valued at net realizable value.

m) INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into Current and Non Current investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or market value. Non Current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

n) FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the year-end are translated at exchange rate applicable as on that date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference on forward exchange contract and on settlement or on translator is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in the following cases:- a) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary items attributable to depreciable fixed assets are capitalized; and

b) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary item not attributable to depreciable fixed assets are transferred to "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and mortised over its tenor till maturity.

o) BORROWING COST

Borrowing Cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange diferences arising from short term foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as are adjustments to interest cost.

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

p) EMPLOYEE'S BENEFITS

i. Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which related service is rendered.

ii. The Company has defend contribution plans for post retirement benefits, namely, Employees Provident Fund Scheme administered through provident fund commissioner and the company's contribution are charged to revenue every year.

iii. Company's contribution to state plans namely Employees State Insurance Fund is charged to revenue every year.

iv. The company has defend benefit plans namely Leave encashment / Compensated absence and Gratuity, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an Actuarial valuation at the end of the year. Gratuity Trust is administered through Life Insurance Corporation of India.

v. Termination benefits are recognized as an expense immediately.

vi. Gain or Loss arising out of actuarial evaluation is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

q) CLAIMS

Claims receivable are accounted for depending on the certainty of receipt and claims payable are accounted for at the tme of acceptance.

r) EXCISE DUTY

Excise duty payable is accounted on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouse.

s) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the company can demonstrate all the following:

i) The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale

ii) Its intention to complete the asset

iii) How the asset will generate future economic benefits

iv) The availability of adequate resources to complete the development and to use or sell the asset

v) The ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during development.

Following the initial recognition of the development expenditure as an asset, the cost model is applied requiring the asset to be carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortization of the asset begins when development is complete and the asset is available for use.

t) TAX EXPENSE

Provision for current income tax is made after taking credit for allowances and exemptions using the tax rate and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted on the Balance Sheet date. In case of maters under appeal, due to disallowances or otherwise, provision is made when the said liabilities are accepted by the Company.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay the income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will fow to the company and the asset can be measured reliably.

Deferred tax resulting from "taming difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted as on the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax asset arising from temporary differences are recognized to the extent there is virtual certainty of realization of asset in future.

u) PROPOSED DIVIDEND

Dividend as proposed by the Board of Directors is provided for in the books of account, pending approval of the Members at the Annual General Meeting.

v) PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILITY

Show cause notches issued by various Government Authorities are not considered as obligation. When the demand notches are raised against such show cause notches and are disputed by the Company then these are classified as possible obligation.

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is a probable that there will be an outlow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in notes.

w) DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

In respect of the Financial derivative contracts the premium / interest paid and profit / loss on settlement is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss. The contracts entered into other than forward contracts are marked to market at year end and the resultant loss is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss except in the cases these relate to the depreciable fixed assets in which case these are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

x) CONTINGENCIES & COMMITMENTS

In the normal course of business, contingent liabilities may arise from litigation and other claims against the Company. Where the potential liabilities have a low probability of crystallizing or are very difficult to quantify reliably, these are treated as contingent liabilities. Such liabilities are disclosed in the notes but are not provided for in the financial statements, although there can be no assurance regarding the final outcome of the legal proceedings, the Company does not expect them to have a materially adverse impact on the financial position or profitability.


Mar 31, 2014

A) PRESENTATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements have been prepared in compliance to the requirements of the Companies Act 1956, applicable Accounting Standards and the requirements of Part-I & II of Schedule-VI (revised).

b) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the Company except for defined benefit pension/other funds obligations that have been measured at fair value. The carrying value of certain monetary items denominated in foreign currency is translated at the exchange rates applicable on the date of Balance Sheet.

c) USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of asset and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of the revenue and the expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

d) REVENUE/EXPENDITURE RECOGNITION

Revenue represents the net invoice value of goods and services provided to third parties after deducting discounts, outgoing sales tax and other duties, and are recognized when all significant risks and rewards/ownership are transferred to the customer. Revenues from sale of material by products are included in revenue.

Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established. Interest and Royalty income are recognized on accrual basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Expenditure is accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities.

e) EXTRA-ORDINARY ITEMS

Extraordinary items are those income or expenses that arise from events or transactions that are clearly distinct from the ordinary activities of the enterprise, and, therefore, are not expected to recur frequently or regularly.

f) EXCEPTIONAL ITEMS

Exceptional items are those items of income or expense arising from ordinary activities, are of such size, nature or incidence that requires separate disclosure to explain the performance of the enterprise.

g) FIXED ASSETS

The initial cost of Fixed Assets comprises its purchase price, including import duties, net of modvat/ cenvat, less accumulated depreciation and include directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to working condition and location for its intended use, including borrowing costs relating to the qualified asset over the period up to the date the asset is ready to commence commercial production. Adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to long term monetary items attributable to the depreciable fixed assets are capitalized.

Machine spares that can be used only in connection with an item or fixed asset and their use is expected to be irregular are capitalized. The replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

h) ASSETS IN THE COURSE OF CONSTRUCTION

Assets in the course of construction are capitalized in the assets under construction account. At the point when an asset is operating at enterprises intended use, the cost of construction is transferred to appropriate category of fixed assets. Costs associated with the commissioning of an asset are capitalized where the asset is available for use but incapable of operating at normal levels until a period of commissioning has been completed.

i) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

In accordance with the Accounting Standard (AS) 26 relating to intangible assets, all costs incurred on technical know how/license fee relating to production process are charged to revenue in the year of incurrence. Technical know how/license fee/ product development relating to process design/plants/facilities are capitalized at the time of capitalization of the said plants/ facilities and amortized over a period of three years.

j) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

Carrying amount of cash generating units/Fixed assets are reviewed for impairment, if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. The excess of carrying value over the recoverable amount of the asset is charged, as an impairment loss to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

k) DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of pallets on which depreciation is provided @ 12.5% p.a., as per management''s estimate. Leasehold land, for a period less than 90 years, is amortized over the remaining period of lease from the date of commissioning of plant. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis for assets purchased/sold during the year. Individual assets costing Rs. 5000/- or less are depreciated in full, in the year of purchase. Depreciation on incremental cost arising on account of translation of foreign currency liabilities for acquisition of fixed assets is provided as aforesaid over the residual life of the respective assets.

l) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. The cost is determined on the following basis:

Raw material is recorded at cost on a First in First out (FIFO) method.

Finished Goods and Work in Process valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition

By Product and Scrap are valued at net realizable value.

m) INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into Current and Non Current investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or market value. Non Current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

n) FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the year-end are translated at exchange rate applicable as on that date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference on forward exchange contract and on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in the following cases:-

a) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary items attributable to depreciable fixed assets are capitalized; and

b) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary item not attributable to depreciable fixed assets are transferred to "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortised over its tenor till maturity.

o) BORROWING COST

Borrowing Cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from short term foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as are adjustments to interest cost. Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

p) EMPLOYEE''S BENEFITS

i. Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which related service is rendered.

ii. The Company has defined contribution plans for post retirement benefits, namely, Employees Provident Fund Scheme administered through provident fund commissioner and the company''s contribution are charged to revenue every year.

iii. Company''s contribution to state plans namely Employees State Insurance Fund is charged to revenue every year.

iv. The company has defined benefit plans namely Leave encashment / Compensated absence and Gratuity, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an Actuarial valuation at the end of the year. Gratuity Trust is administered through Life Insurance Corporation of India.

v. Termination benefits are recognized as an expense immediately.

vi. Gain or Loss arising out of actuarial evaluation is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

q) CLAIMS

Claims receivable are accounted for depending on the certainty of receipt and claims payable are accounted for at the time of acceptance.

r) EXCISE DUTY

Excise duty payable is accounted on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouse.

s) TAX EXPENSE

Provision for current income tax is made after taking credit for allowances and exemptions using the tax rate and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted on the Balance Sheet date. In case of matters under appeal, due to disallowances or otherwise, provision is made when the said liabilities are accepted by the Company.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay the income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the company and the asset can be measured reliably.

Deferred tax resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted as on the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax asset arising from temporary differences are recognized to the extent there is virtual certainty of realization of asset in future.

t) PROPOSED DIVIDEND

Dividend as proposed by the Board of Directors is provided for in the books of account, pending approval of the Members at the Annual General Meeting.

u) PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILITY

Show cause notices issued by various Government Authorities are not considered as obligation. When the demand notices are raised against such show cause notices and are disputed by the Company then these are classified as possible obligation.

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is a probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in notes.

v) DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

In respect of the Financial derivative contracts the premium / interest paid and profit / loss on settlement is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss. The contracts entered into other than forward contracts are marked to market at year end and the resultant loss is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss except in the cases these relate to the depreciable fixed assets in which case these are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

w) CONTINGENCIES & COMMITMENTS

In the normal course of business, contingent liabilities may arise from litigation and other claims against the Company. Where the potential liabilities have a low probability of crystallizing or are very difficult to quantify reliably, these are treated as contingent liabilities. Such liabilities are disclosed in the notes but are not provided for in the financial statements, although there can be no assurance regarding the final outcome of the legal proceedings, the Company does not expect them to have a materially adverse impact on the financial position or profitability.


Mar 31, 2013

A) PRESENTATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The fnancial statements have been prepared in compliance to the requirements of the Companies Act 1956, applicable Accounting Standards and the requirements of Part-I & II of Schedule-VI (revised).

b) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the Company except for defned beneft pension/other funds obligations that have been measured at fair value. The carrying value of certain monetary items denominated in foreign currency is translated at the exchange rates applicable on the date of Balance Sheet.

c) uSE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of fnancial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of asset and liabilities on the date of the fnancial statements and the reported amount of the revenue and the expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

d) REVENuE/EXPENDITuRE RECOGNITION

Revenue represents the net invoice value of goods and services provided to third parties after deducting discounts, outgoing sales tax and other duties, and are recognized when all signifcant risks and rewards/ownership are transferred to the customer. Revenues from sale of material by products are included in revenue.

Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established. Interest and Royalty income are recognized on accrual basis in the Statement of Proft and Loss.

Expenditure is accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities.

e) EXTRA-ORDINARY ITEMS

Extraordinary items are those income or expense that arise from events or transactions that are clearly distinct from the ordinary activities of the enterprise, and, therefore, are not expected to recur frequently or regularly.

f) EXCEPTIONAL ITEMS

Exceptional items are those items of income or expense arising from ordinary activities, are of such size, nature or incidence that requires separate disclosure to explain the performance of the enterprise.

g) FIXED ASSETS

The initial cost of Fixed Assets comprises its purchase price, including import duties, net of modvat/cenvat , less accumulated depreciation and include directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to working condition and location for its intended use, including borrowing costs relating to the qualifed asset over the period upto the date the asset is ready to commence commercial production. Adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to long term monetary items attributable to the depreciable fxed assets are capitalized.

Machine spares that can be used only in connection with an item or fxed asset and their use is expected to be irregular are capitalized. The replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

h) ASSETS IN THE COuRSE OF CONSTRuCTION

Assets in the course of construction are capitalized in the assets under construction account. At the point when an asset is operating at enterprises intended use, the cost of construction is transferred to appropriate category of fxed assets. Costs associated with the commissioning of an asset are capitalized where the asset is available for use but incapable of operating at normal levels until a period of commissioning has been completed.

i) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

In accordance with the Accounting Standard (AS) 26 relating to intangible assets, all costs incurred on technical know how/license fee relating to production process are charged to revenue in the year of incurrence. Technical know how/ license fee/product development relating to process design/plants/facilities are capitalized at the time of capitalization of the said plants/facilities and amortized over a period of three years.

j) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

Carrying amount of cash generating units/Fixed assets are reviewed for impairment, if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. The excess of carrying value over the recoverable amount of the asset is charged, as an impairment loss to the Statement of Proft & Loss.

k) DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on fxed assets is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of pallets on which depreciation is provided @ 12.5% p.a., as per management''s estimate. Leasehold land, for a period less than 90 years, is amortized over the remaining period of lease from the date of commissioning of plant. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis for assets purchased/sold during the year. Individual assets costing Rs.5000/- or less are depreciated in full, in the year of purchase. Depreciation on incremental cost arising on account of translation of foreign currency liabilities for acquisition of fxed assets is provided as aforesaid over the residual life of the respective assets.

l) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. The cost is determined on the following basis:

Raw material is recorded at cost on a First In First Out (FIFO) method.

Finished Goods and Work in Process valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition by Product and Scrap are valued at net realizable value.

m) INVESTMENTS

Investments are classifed into Current and Non-current investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or market value. Non-current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

n) FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the year end are translated at exchange rate applicable as on that date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference on forward exchange contract and on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Statement of Proft and Loss, except in the following cases:-a) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary items attributable to depreciable fxed assets are capitalized; and

b) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary item not attributable to depreciable fxed assets are transferred to "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortised over its tenor till maturity.

o) BORROWING COST

Borrowing Cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from short term foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as are adjustments to interest cost.

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

p) EMPLOYEE''S BENEFITS

i. Short term employee benefts are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Proft and Loss of the year in which related service is rendered.

ii. The Company has defned contribution plans for post retirement benefts, namely, Employees Provident Fund Scheme administered through provident fund commissioner and the company''s contribution are charged to revenue every year.

iii. Company''s contribution to state plans namely Employees State Insurance Fund is charged to revenue every year.

iv. The company has defned beneft plans namely Leave encashment/Compensated absence and Gratuity, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an Actuarial valuation at the end of the year. Gratuity Trust is administered through Life Insurance Corporation of India.

v. Termination benefts are recognized as an expense immediately.

vi. Gain or Loss arising out of actuarial evaluation is recognized immediately in the Statement of Proft and Loss as income or expense.

q) CLAIMS

Claims receivable are accounted for depending on the certainty of receipt and claims payable are accounted for at the time of acceptance.

r) EXCISE DuTY

Excise duty payable is accounted on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouse.

s) TAX EXPENSE

Provision for current income tax is made after taking credit for allowances and exemptions using the tax rate and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted on the Balance Sheet date. In case of matters under appeal, due to disallowances or otherwise, provision is made when the said liabilities are accepted by the Company.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefts in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay the income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic beneft associated with it will fow to the company and the asset can be measured reliably.

Deferred tax resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset arising from temporary differences are recognized to the extent there is virtual certainty of realization of asset in future.

t) PROPOSED DIVIDEND

Dividend as proposed by the Board of Directors is provided for in the books of account, pending approval of the Members at the Annual General Meeting.

u) PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILITY

Show cause notices issued by various Government Authorities are not considered as obligation. When the demand notices are raised against such show cause notices and are disputed by the Company then these are classifed as possible obligation.

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is a probable that there will be an outfow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in notes.

v) DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRuMENTS

In respect of the Financial derivative contracts the premium/interest paid and proft/loss on settlement is charged to Statement of Proft & Loss. The contracts entered into other than forward contracts are marked to market at year end and the resultant loss is charged to Statement of Proft & Loss except in the cases these relate to the depreciable fxed assets in which case these are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

w) CONTINGENCIES & COMMITMENTS

In the normal course of business, contingent liabilities may arise from litigation and other claims against the Company. Where the potential liabilities have a low probability of crystallizing or are very diffcult to quantify reliably, these are treated as contingent liabilities. Such liabilities are disclosed in the notes but are not provided for in the fnancial statements, although there can be no assurance regarding the fnal outcome of the legal proceedings, the Company does not expect them to have a materially adverse impact on the fnancial position or proftability.


Mar 31, 2012

A) PRESENTATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements have been prepared in compliance to the requirements of the Companies Act 1956, applicable Accounting Standards and the requirements of Part-I & II of Schedule-VI (revised).

b) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the Company except for defined benefit pension/other funds obligations that have been measured at fair value. The carrying value of certain monetary items denominated in foreign currency is translated at the exchange rates applicable on the date of Balance Sheet.

c) USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of asset and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of the revenue and the expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

d) REVENUE/EXPENDITURE RECOGNITION

Revenue represents the net invoice value of goods and services provided to third parties after deducting discounts, outgoing sales tax and other duties, and are recognized when all significant risks and rewards/ownership are transferred to the customer. Revenues from sale of material by products are included in revenue.

Dividend income is recognized when the Company's right to receive dividend is established. Interest and Royalty income are recognized on accrual basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Expenditure is accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities.

e) EXTRA-ORDINARY ITEMS

Extraordinary items are those income or expense that arise from events or transactions that are clearly distinct from the ordinary activities of the enterprise, and, therefore, are not expected to recur frequently or regularly.

f) EXCEPTIONAL ITEMS

Exceptional items are those items of income or expense arising from ordinary activities, are of such size, nature or incidence that requires separate disclosure to explain the performance of the enterprise.

g) FIXED ASSETS

The initial cost of Fixed Assets comprises its purchase price, including import duties, net of modvat/ cenvat , less accumulated depreciation and include directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to working condition and location for its intended use, including borrowing costs relating to the qualified asset over the period upto the date the asset is ready to commence commercial production. Adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to long term monetary items attributable to the depreciable fixed assets are capitalized.

Machine spares that can be used only in connection with an item or fixed asset and their use is expected to be irregular are capitalized. The replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

h) ASSETS IN THE COURSE CONSTRUCTION

Assets in the course of construction are capitalized in the assets under construction account. At the point when an asset is operating at enterprises intended use, the cost of construction is transferred to appropriate category of fixed assets. Costs associated with the commissioning of an asset are capitalized where the asset is available for use but incapable of operating at normal levels until a period of commissioning has been completed.

i) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

In accordance with the Accounting Standard (AS) 26 relating to intangible assets, all costs incurred on technical know how/license fee relating to production process are charged to revenue in the year of incurrence. Technical know how/ license fee/ product development relating to process design/plants/facilities are capitalized at the time of capitalization of the said plants/ facilities and amortized over a period of three years.

j) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

Carrying amount of cash generating units/Fixed assets are reviewed for impairment, if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. The excess of carrying value over the recoverable amount of the asset is charged, as an impairment loss to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

k) DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of pallets on which depreciation is provided @ 12.5% p.a., as per management's estimate. Leasehold land, for a period less than 90 years, is amortized over the remaining period of lease from the date of commissioning of plant. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis for assets purchased/sold during the year. Individual assets costing Rs.5000/- or less are depreciated in full, in the year of purchase. Depreciation on incremental cost arising on account of translation of foreign currency liabilities for acquisition of fixed assets is provided as aforesaid over the residual life of the respective assets.

l) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. The cost is determined on the following basis:

Raw material is recorded at cost on a First In First Out (FIFO) method.

Finished Goods and Work in Process valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition. By Product and Scrap are valued at net realizable value.

m) INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into Current and Non Current investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or market value. Non Current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

n) FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the year-end are translated at exchange rate applicable as on that date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference on forward exchange contract and on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in the following cases:-

i) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary items attributable to depreciable fixed assets are capitalized and

ii) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary item not attributable to depreciable fixed assets are transferred to "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortised over its tenor till maturity.

o) BORROWING COST

Borrowing Cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as are adjustments to interest cost.

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the

cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

p) EMPLOYEE'S BENEFITS

i. Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which related service is rendered.

ii. The Company has defined contribution plans for post retirement benefits, namely, Employees Provident Fund Scheme administered through provident fund commissioner and the company's contribution are charged to revenue every year.

iii. Company's contribution to state plans namely Employees State Insurance Fund is charged to revenue every year.

iv. The company has defined benefit plans namely Leave encashment / Compensated absence and Gratuity, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an Actuarial valuation at the end of the year. Gratuity Trust is administered through Life Insurance Corporation of India.

v. Termination benefits are recognized as an expense immediately.

vi. Gain or Loss arising out of actuarial evaluation is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

q) CLAIMS

Claims receivable are accounted for depending on the certainty of receipt and claims payable are accounted for at the time of acceptance.

r) EXCISE DUTY

Excise duty payable is accounted on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouse.

s) TAX EXPENSE

Provision for current income tax is made after taking credit for allowances and exemptions using the tax rate and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted on the Balance Sheet date. In case of matters under appeal, due to disallowances or otherwise, provision is made when the said liabilities are accepted by the Company.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay the income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the company and the asset can be measured reliably.

Deferred tax resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset arising from temporary differences are recognized to the extent there is virtual certainty of realization of asset in future.

t) PROPOSED DIVIDEND

Dividend as proposed by the Board of Directors is provided for in the books of account, pending approval of the Members at the Annual General Meeting.

u) PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILITY

Show cause notices issued by various Government Authorities are not considered as obligation. When the demand notices are raised against such show cause notices and are disputed by the Company then these are classified as possible obligation.

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is a probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in notes.

v) DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

In respect of the Financial derivative contracts the premium / interest paid and profit / loss on settlement is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss. The contracts entered into other than forward contracts are marked to market at year end and the resultant profit / loss is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss except in the cases these relate to the depreciable fixed assets in which case these are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

w) CONTIGENCIES & COMMITMENTS

In the normal course of business, contingent liabilities may arise from litigation and other claims against the Company. Where the potential liabilities have a low probability of crystallizing or are very difficult to quantify reliably, these are treated as contingent liabilities. Such liabilities are disclosed in the notes but are not provided for in the financial statements, although there can be no assurance regarding the final outcome of the legal proceedings, the Company does not expect them to have a materially adverse impact on the financial position or profitability.

The Company has only one class of Equity Shares having par value of Rs. 10/- per share. Each holder of equity share is entitled to one vote per share. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company after distribution of all prefrential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the share holders.

In F.Y. 2009-10, the Company issued 50,00,000 (Fifty Lacs) Non Cumulative Redeemable Preference Share of Rs. 10/- (Rupees Ten only) each at a premiume of Rs.50/- (Rupees Fifty only) per share. Preference Share carry non cumulative dividend @ 8% p.a and do not have voting rights. All preference shares are redeemable after six years from the date of issue i.e 26th December, 2009. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of preference shares will have priority over equity shares in payment of dividend and repayment of capital.


Mar 31, 2010

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the Company.

2. USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of fnancial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of asset and liabilities on the date of the fnancial statements and the reported amount of the revenue and the expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

3. RECOGNITION OF INCOME/EXPENDITURE

All income & expenditure having a material bearing on the fnancial statement is accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities.

4. SALES

Sales includes trial run sales and are net of discounts and includes excise duty but excludes sales tax.

5. FIXED ASSETS

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of modvat/ cenvat/ vat less accumulated depreciation. Cost of fxed assets comprises purchase price, duties, levies, borrowing cost and any directly attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use. Adjustment arising from exchange rate variation relating to long term monetary item attributable to the depreciable fxed assets are capitalised.

Machinery spares that can be used only in connection with an item of fxed asset and their use is expected to be irregular are capitalized. Replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

Advance paid towards the acquisition of fxed assets, and the cost of assets not ready to put to use before the year end, are disclosed under capital work-in-progress.

6. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

In accordance with the Accounting Standard (AS) 26 relating to intangible assets, all costs incurred on technical know how/license fee relating to production process are charged to revenue in the year of incurrence. Technical know how/license fee/ product development relating to process design/plants/ facilities are capitalized at the time of capitalization of the said plants/ facilities and amortized over a period of three years.

7. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

Carrying amount of cash generating units/ assets is reviewed for impairment. Impairment, if any, is recognized where the carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount being the higher of net realizable price and value in use.

8. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on fxed assets is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of pallets on which depreciation is provided @ 12.5% p.a., as per managements estimate. Leasehold land, for a period less than 90 years, is amortised over the remaining the period of lease from the date of commissioning of plant. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis for assets purchased/sold during the year. Individual assets costing Rs.5000/- or less are depreciated in full, in the year of purchase. Depreciation on incremental cost arising on account of translation of foreign currency liabilities for acquisition of fxed assets is provided as aforesaid over the residual life of the respective assets.

9. INVENTORY

Inventories are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. The cost of raw material is determined by using First In First Out (FIFO) Method. However, Scrap is valued at net realizable value. Cost of Finished Goods and Work in Process includes cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition

10. INVESTMENT

Investments are classifed into current and long-term investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or market value. Long-term investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

11. DIVIDEND

Dividend on investments is accounted for as and when the same is received

12. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the year-end are translated at exchange rate applicable as on that date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the proft and loss account, except in the following cases:- a) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary items attributable to depreciable fxed assets are capitalized; and

b) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary item not attributable to depreciable fxed assets are transferred to “Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account” and amortised over its tenor till maturity or March 31, 2011, whichever is earlier.

13. BORROWING COST

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

14. EMPLOYEES BENEFITS

i. Short term employee benefts are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the proft and loss account of the year in which related service is rendered.

ii. The Company has defned contribution plans for post retirement benefts, namely, Employees Provident Fund Scheme administered through provident fund commissioner and the companys contribution are charged to revenue every year.

iii. Companys contribution to state plans namely Employees State Insurance Fund is charged to revenue every year.

iv. The company has defned beneft plans namely Leave encashment / Compensated absence and Gratuity, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an Actuarial valuation at the end of the year. Gratuity Trust is administered through Life Insurance Corporation of India.

v. Termination benefts are recognized as an expense immediately.

vi. Gain or Loss arising out of actuarial evaluation is recognized immediately in the proft and loss account as income or expense.

15. CLAIMS

Claims receivable are accounted for depending on the certainty of receipt and claims payable are accounted for at the time of acceptance.

16. EXCISE DUTY

Excise duty payable is accounted on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouse.

17. INCOME TAX

Provision for current income tax is made after taking credit for allowances and exemptions. In case of matters under appeal, due to disallowances or otherwise, provision is made when the said liabilities are accepted by the Company.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefts in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is a convincing evidence that the company will pay the income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic beneft associated with it will fow to the company and the asset can be measured reliably.

In accordance with Accounting Standard 22 – Accounting for Taxes on Income, the deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profts for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and the tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets arising from temporary timing differences are recognized and carried forward only to the extent there is virtual certainty that the assets can be realized in future.

18. PROPOSED DIVIDEND

Dividend as proposed by the Board of Directors is provided for in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

19. PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILITY

Show cause notices issued by various government authorities are not considered as obligation. When the demand notices are raised against such show cause notices and are disputed by the company then these are classifed as possible obligation.

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is a probable that there will be an outfow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in notes.

20. FINANCIAL DERIVATIVES TRANSACTIONS

In respect of the fnancial derivative contracts the premium/ interest paid and proft/loss on settlement is charged to proft and loss account. The contracts entered into are marked to market at the year-end and the resultant proft /loss is charged to proft and loss account, except where these relate to fxed assets in which case it is adjusted to the cost of fxed assets.


Mar 31, 2009

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the Company.

2. USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of fnancial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of asset and liabilities on the date of the fnancial statements and the reported amount of the revenue and the expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

3. RECOGNITION OF INCOME/EXPENDITURE

All income & expenditure having a material bearing on the fnancial statement is accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities.

4. SALES

Sales includes trial run sales and are net of discounts and includes excise duty but excludes sales tax.

5. FIXED ASSETS

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of modvat/ cenvat/ vat less accumulated depreciation. Cost of fxed assets comprises purchase price, duties, levies, borrowing cost and any directly attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use. Adjustment arising from exchange rate variation relating to long term monetary item attributable to the depreciable fxed assets are capitalised

Machinery spares that can be used only in connection with an item of fxed asset and their use is expected to be irregular are capitalized. Replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

Advance paid towards the acquisition of fxed assets, and the cost of assets not ready to put to use before the year end, are disclosed under capital work-in-progress.

6. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

In accordance with the Accounting Standard (AS) 26 relating to intangible assets, all costs incurred on technical know how/license fee relating to production process are charged to revenue in the year of incurrence. Technical know how/license fee/ product development relating to process design/plants/ facilities are capitalized at the time of capitalization of the said plants/ facilities and amortized over a period of three years.

7. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

Carrying amount of cash generating units/ assets is reviewed for impairment. Impairment, if any, is recognized where the carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount being the higher of net realizable price and value in use.

8. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on fxed assets is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of pallets on which depreciation is provided @ 12.5% p.a., as per managements estimate. Leasehold land is amortised over the remaining the period of lease from the date of commissioning of plant. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis for assets purchased/sold during the year. Individual assets costing Rs.5000/- or less are depreciated in full, in the year of purchase. Depreciation on incremental cost arising on account of translation of foreign currency liabilities for acquisition of fxed assets is provided as aforesaid over the residual life of the respective assets.

9. INVENTORY

Inventories are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. The cost of raw material is determined by using First In First Out (FIFO) Method. However, Scrap is valued at net realizable value. Cost of Finished Goods and Work in Process includes cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition.

10. INVESTMENT

Investments are classifed into current and long-term investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or market value. Long-term investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

11. DIVIDEND

Dividend on investments is accounted for as and when the same is received

12. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the year- end are translated at exchange rate applicable as on that date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the proft and loss account, except in the following cases:- a) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary items attributable to depreciable fxed assets are capitalized; and

b) Exchange differences relating to long term monetary item not attributable to depreciable fxed assets are transferred to “Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account” and amortised over its tenor till maturity or March 31, 2011, whichever is earlier.

13. BORROWING COST

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

14. EMPLOYEES BENEFITS

i. Short term employee benefts are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the proft and loss account of the year in which related service is rendered.

ii. The Company has defned contribution plans for post retirement benefts, namely, Employees Provident Fund Scheme administered through provident fund commissioner and the companys contribution are charged to revenue every year.

iii. Companys contribution to state plans namely Employees State Insurance Fund is charged to revenue every year.

iv. The company has defned beneft plans namely Leave encashment / Compensated absence and Gratuity, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an Actuarial valuation at the end of the year. Gratuity Trust is administered through Life Insurance Corporation of India.

v. Termination benefts are recognized as an expense immediately.

vi. Gain or Loss arising out of actuarial evaluation is recognized immediately in the proft and loss account as income or expense.

15. CLAIMS

Claims receivable are accounted for depending on the certainty of receipt and claims payable are accounted for at the time of acceptance.

16. EXCISE DUTY

Excise duty payable is accounted on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouse.

17. INCOME TAX

Provision for current income tax is made after taking credit for allowances and exemptions. In case of matters under appeal, due to disallowances or otherwise, provision is made when the said liabilities are accepted by the Company.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefts in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is a convincing evidence that the company will pay the income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic beneft associated with it will fow to the company and the asset can be measured reliably.

In accordance with Accounting Standard 22 – Accounting for Taxes on Income, the deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profts for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and the tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets arising from temporary timing differences are recognized and carried forward only to the extent there is virtual certainty that the assets can be realized in future.

18. PROPOSED DIVIDEND

Dividend as proposed by the Board of Directors is provided for in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

19. PROVISION AND CONTINGENT LIABILITY

Show cause notices issued by various government authorities are not considered as obligation. When the demand notices are raised against such show cause notices and are disputed by the company then these are classifed as possible obligation.

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is a probable that there will be an outfow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in notes.

20. FINANCIAL DERIVATIVES TRANSACTIONS

In respect of the fnancial derivative contracts the premium/ interest paid and proft/loss on settlement is charged to proft and loss account. The contracts entered into are marked to market at the year-end and the resultant proft /loss is charged to proft and loss account, except where these relate to fxed assets in which case it is adjusted to the cost of fxed assets.


Mar 31, 2003

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the Company.

2. RECOGNITION OF INCOME/EXPENDITURE

All income & expenditure having a material bearing on the financial statement is accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities.

3. SALES

Sales are recognized on dispatch of goods from the factory and are net of discounts and includes excise duty as and when paid but excludes sales tax.

4. FIXED ASSETS

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of modvat/cenvat, less accumulated depreciation. Cost of fixed assets comprises purchase price, duties, levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for the intended use. Borrowing cost relating to the qualifying assets for the period up to the date the assets are ready to be put to use and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to borrowing attributable to the fixed assets are capitalized.

Machinery spares that can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and their use is expected to be irregular are capitalized. Replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

Advance paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets, and the cost of assets not ready to put to use before the year end, are disclosed under capital work-in-progress.

5. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of pallets on which depreciation is provided @ 12.5% p.a., as per managements estimate. Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease from the year the same is put to use. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis for assets purchased/sold during the year. Individual assets costing Rs.5000/- or less are depreciated in full, in the year of purchase. Depreciation on incremental cost arising on account of translation of foreign currency liabilities for acquisition of fixed assets is provided as aforesaid over the residual life of the respective assets.

6. INVENTORY

Inventories are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. The cost of raw material is determined by using First In First Out (FIFO) Method. However, Scrap is valued at net realizable value. Cost of Finished Goods and Work in Process includes cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition.

7. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. The difference in the monetary assets and liabilities relating to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year end are translated at the year end rate and are recognized in the Profit & Loss Account. In respect of transactions covered by the forward exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of the transaction is charged to Profit & Loss Account over the period of the contract. The exchange differences in respect of liabilities for acquisition of fixed assets-are adjusted to the cost of related fixed assets.

8. BORROWING COST

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

9. RETIREMENT BENEFITS

Contributions to Provident Fund are made to the Employees Provident fund scheme administered through Provident Fund Commissioner and Companys contribution is charged to revenue. The gratuity is funded through payment to Life Insurance Corporation of India. Companys contribution paid/payable to said fund is charged to Profit & Loss Account. Provision is made for the value of unutilized leave due to employees as at the end of the year on the basis of actuarial valuation.

10. CLAIMS

Claims receivable are accounted for depending on the certainty of receipt and claims payable are accounted for at the time of acceptance.

11. EXCISE DUTY

Excise duty payable is accounted on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouse.

12. MISCELLANEOUS EXPENDITURE

" Preliminary expenses and share issue expenses are amortised over a period of ten years.

13. INCOME TAX

Provision for current income tax is made after taking credit for allowances and exemptions. In case of matters under appeal, due to disallowances or otherwise, provision is made when the said liabilities are accepted by the Company.

In accordance with Accounting Standard 22 - Accounting for Taxes on Income, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and the tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets arising from temporary timing differences are recognized and carried forward only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future.


Mar 31, 2002

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the Company.

2. RECOGNITION OF INCOME / EXPENDITURE

All income & expenditure having a material bearing on the financial statement is accounted for on an accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities.

3. SALES

Sales are recognized on dispatch of goods from the factory and are net of discounts and include excise duty as and when paid but exclude sales tax.

4. FIXED ASSETS

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of modvat / cenvat, less accumulated depreciation. Cost of fixed assets comprises purchase price, duties, levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for the intended use. Borrowing cost relating to the qualified assets for the period up to the date the assets are ready to be put to use and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to borrowing attributable to the fixed assets are capitalised.

Machinery spares that can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and their use is expected to be irregular are capitalised. Replacement of such spares is charged to revenue.

Advance paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets, and the cost of assets not ready to put to use before the year end, are disclosed under capital work in progress.

5. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of pallets on which depreciation has been provided @ 1 2.5% p.a., per managements estimate. Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease from the year the same is put to use. Depreciations is charged on pro-rata basis for assets purchased/sold during the year. Individual assets costing Rs. 5000/- or less are depreciated in full, in the year of purchase. Depreciation on incremental cost arising on account of translation of foreign currency liabilities for acquisition of fixed assets is provided as aforesaid over the residual life of the respective assets.

6. INVENTORY

Raw material, stores, consumables & spares are valued at cost. The cost of raw material is determined by using First In First Out (FIFO) Method. Finished goods and Work in Process are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value except scrap, which is valued at netrealizable value. Finished Goods and Work in Process include cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition.

The stock of finished goods and scrap goods is valued inclusive of duties & taxes but excluding recoverable duties & taxes from taxing authorities.

7. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. The difference in the monetary assets and liabilities relating to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year end are translated at the year end rate and are recognized in the Profit & Loss Account. In respect of transactions covered by the forward exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of the transaction is charged to Profit & Loss Account over the period of the contract. The exchange differences in respect of liabilities for acquisition of fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of related fixed assets.

8. BORROWING COST

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

9. RETIREMENT BENEFITS

Contributions to Provident Fund are made to the Employees Provident fund scheme administered through Provident Fund Commissioner and Companys contribution is charged to revenue. The gratuity is funded through payment to Life Insurance Corporation of India. Companys contribution paid/payable to said fund is charged to Profit & Loss Account. Provision is made for the value of unutilized leave due to employees as at the end of the year on the basis of actuarial valuation.

10. CLAIMS

Claims receivables are accounted for depending on the certainty of receipt and claims payable are accounted for at the time of acceptance.

11. EXCISE DUTY

Excise duty is accounted on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouse.

12. MISCELLANEOUS EXPENDITURE

Preliminary expenses and share issue expenses are amortised over a period of ten years.

13. INCOME TAX

Provision for current income tax is made after taking credit for allowances and exemptions. In case of matters under appeal, due to disallowance or otherwise, provision is made when the said liabilities are accepted by the company.

In accordance with Accounting Standard 22- Accounting for Taxes on Income, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and the tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets arising from temporary timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future.

The accumulated net deferred tax assets arising on account or timing differences as of 1 st April 2001 has been credited to the accumulated balance of Profit & Loss Account.

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