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Accounting Policies of TV Today Network Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

Background

T.V. Today Network Limited (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Company’) is a company limited by shares, incorporated and domiciled in India. The Company’s equity shares are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange in India. The registered office of the Company is situated at F-26, First Floor, Connaught Circus, New Delhi - 110001, India. The principal place of the business of the Company is situated at FC-8, Sector 16A, Film City, Noida 201301, Uttar Pradesh.

The Company is primarily engaged in broadcasting television news channels and radio stations in India.

Note 1: Significant accounting policies

This note provides a list of the significant accounting policies adopted in the preparation of these financial statements of the Company. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated.

(a) Basis of preparation

(i) Compliance with Ind AS

The financial statements comply in all material aspects with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) [Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2016] and other relevant provisions of the Act.

The financial statements up to year ended March 31, 2016 were prepared in accordance with the accounting standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Act.

These financial statements are the first financial statements of the Company under Ind AS. Refer note 38 for an explanation of how the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS has affected the Company’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows.

These financial statements have been issued in addition to the consolidated financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries.

* As at March 31, 2017, 66.78% ownership interest is held through India Today Online Private Limited.

(ii) Historical cost convention

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for the following:

- certain financial assets and liabilities (including derivative instruments) that are measured at fair value;

- defined benefit plans - plan assets measured at fair value; and

- share-based payments

(b) Segment reporting

Since, the Annual financial statements of the Company contains both the consolidated and separate financial statements of the Company in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) [Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2016] and other relevant provisions of the Act, hence as per Ind AS 108 - Operating segments, segment reporting is only included in the consolidated financial statements of the Company. Refer note 31 of the consolidated financial statements of the Company for segment reporting.

(c) Foreign currency translation

(i) Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements of the Company are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Company operates (‘the functional currency’). The financial statements are presented in Indian rupee (INR / H), which is the Company’s functional and presentation currency.

(ii) Transaction and balances

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates at the dates of the transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at year end exchange rates are generally recognized in profit or loss.

All foreign exchange gains and losses are presented in the statement of profit and loss on a net basis within other gains/(losses).

(d) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Amounts disclosed as revenue are net of returns, trade allowances, rebates and amounts collected on behalf of third parties.

The Company recognizes revenue when the amount of revenue can be reliably measured, it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the entity and specific criteria have been met for each of the activities as described below. The Company bases its estimates on historical results, taking into consideration the type of customer, the type of transaction and the specifics of each arrangement.

Revenue from services

Advertisement income is recognized in the accounting period in which the services are rendered, i.e., when the advertisements are displayed / aired.

The Company enters into arrangements for free / bonus spots, bundled with normal paid spots. The total consideration for advertising services is allocated to the paid and bonus spots based on their relative fair values. Revenues allocated to bonus spots is deferred (refer note 14) and recognized as revenue when such spots are utilized by customers.

Income from digital business is recognized in the period in which the services are rendered.

Subscription income from direct-to-home satellite operators and other distributors for the right to distribute the channels is recognized when the service has been provided as per the terms of the contract.

Fee from training is recognized over the duration of the course offered by the media institute of the Company.

(e) income tax

The income tax expense or credit for the period is the tax payable on the current period’s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences and to unused tax losses.

The current income tax charge is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the end of reporting period in India where the Company operates and generates taxable income. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulations is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

Deferred income tax is provided in full, using the liability method, on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. However, deferred tax liabilities are not recognized if they arise from the initial recognition of goodwill. Deferred income tax is also not accounted for if it arises from initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction other than a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting profit nor taxable profit (tax loss). Deferred income tax is determined using tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realized or the deferred income tax liability is settled.

Deferred tax assets are recognized for all deductible temporary differences and unused tax losses only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilize those temporary differences and losses.

Deferred tax assets are not recognized for temporary differences between the carrying amount and tax bases of investments in subsidiaries, where it is not probable that the differences will reverse in the foreseeable future and taxable profit will not be available against which the temporary difference can be utilized.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities and when the deferred tax balances relate to the same taxation authority. Current tax assets and tax liabilities are offset where the entity has a legally enforceable right to offset and intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

Current and deferred tax is recognized in profit or loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

(f) Leases

As a lessee :

Leases of property, plant and equipment where the Company, as lessee, has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalized at the lease’s inception at the fair value of the leased property or, if lower, the present value of the minimum lease payments. The corresponding rental obligations, net of finance charges, are included in borrowings or other financial liabilities as appropriate. Each lease payment is allocated between the liability and finance cost. The finance cost is charged to the statement of profit and loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period.

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the Company as lessee are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the less or) are charged to profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease unless the payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the less or’s expected inflationary cost increases.

As a less or :

Lease income from operating leases where the Company is a less or is recognized in income on a straight-line basis over the lease term unless the receipts are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the expected inflationary cost increases. The respective leased assets are included in the balance sheet based on their nature.

(g) impairment of assets

Property, plant and equipment and other assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount, The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets (cash-generating units).Non-financial assets other than goodwill that suffered an impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of impairment at the end of each reporting period.

(h) cash and cash equivalents

For the purpose of presentation in the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, deposits held at call with financial institutions, other short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value, and bank overdrafts. Bank overdrafts are shown within borrowings in current liabilities in the balance sheet.

(i) Trade receivables

Trade receivables are recognized initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method, less provision for impairment.

(j) investments and other financial assets

(i) Classification

The Company classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:

-those to be measured subsequently at fair value (through profit or loss), and -those measured at amortized cost.

The classification depends on the entity’s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flows.

For assets measured at fair value, gains and losses will be recorded in profit or loss. For investment in debt instrument, this will depend on the business model in which the investment is held. For investments in equity instruments, this will depend on whether the Group has made an irrevocable election at the time of initial recognition to account for the equity investment at fair value through other comprehensive income.

The Company reclassifies debt investments when and only when its business model for managing those assets changes.

(ii) Measurement

At initial recognition, the Company measures a financial asset at its fair value plus, in the case of a financial asset not at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in statement of profit and loss.

Debt instruments

Subsequent measurement of debt instruments depends on the Company’s business model for managing the asset and the cash flow characteristics of the asset. There are three measurement categories into which the Company classifies its debt instruments:

- Amortized cost: Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at Amortized cost. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at Amortized cost and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognized in profit or loss when the asset is derecognized or impaired. Interest income from these financial assets is included in finance income using the effective interest rate method.

- Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOOi): Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows and for selling the financial assets, where the asset’s cash flow represent solely payments of principal and interest, are measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI). Movements in the carrying amount are taken through OCI, except for the recognition of impairment gains or losses, interest revenue and foreign exchange gains and losses which are recognized in profit and loss. When the financial asset is derecognized, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in OCI is reclassified from equity to profit or loss and recognized in other gains/(losses). Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income using the effective interest rate method.

- Fair value through profit or loss: Assets that do not meet the criteria for Amortized cost or FVOCI are measured at fair value through profit or loss. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at fair value through profit or loss and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognized in profit or loss and presented net in the statement of profit and loss within other gains/(losses) in the period in which it arises. Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income.

Equity instruments

The Company subsequently measures all equity investments at fair value. Dividends from such investments are recognized in profit or loss as other income when the right to receive payments is established.

Changes in the fair value of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss are recognized in other gain/ (losses) in the statement of profit and loss. Impairment losses (and reversal of impairment losses) on equity investments measured at FVOCI are not reported separately from other changes in fair value.

(iii) Impairment of financial assets

The company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its assets carried at Amortized. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk. Note 25 details how the group determines whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.

For trade receivables only, the company applies the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognized from initial recognition of the receivables.

(iv) Derecognition of financial assets

A financial asset is derecognized only when:

- The Company has transferred the rights to receive cash flows from the financial asset or

- retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial asset, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients.

Where the Company has transferred an asset, the Company evaluates whether it has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset. In such cases, the financial asset is derecognized. Where the entity has not transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is not derecognized.

Where the entity has neither transferred a financial asset nor retains substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is derecognized if the Company has not retained control of the financial asset. Where the Company retains control of the financial asset, the asset is continued to be recognized to the extent of continuing involvement in the financial asset.

(v) Income recognition Interest Income

Interest income from debt instruments is recognized using the effective interest rate method. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to the gross carrying amount of a financial asset. When calculating the effective interest rate, the Company estimates the expected cash flows by considering all the contractual terms of the financial instrument (for example, prepayment, extension, call and similar options) but does not consider the expected credit losses.

(k) Derivatives that are not designated as hedges

Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value on the date a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently premeasured to their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The Company enters into certain derivative contracts to hedge risks which are not designated as hedges. Such contracts are accounted for at fair value through profit or loss and are included in other gains/(losses).

(l) Offsetting financial instruments

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the balance sheet where there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. The legally enforceable right must not be contingent on future events and must be enforceable in the normal course of business and in the event of default, insolvency or bankruptcy of the Company or the counterparty.

(m) Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Historical cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate , only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of any component accounted for as a separate asset is derecognized when replaced. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to profit or loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

Transition to Ind AS

On transition to Ind AS, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its property, plant and equipment recognized as at April 1, 2015 measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of the property, plant and equipment.

Depreciation methods, estimated useful lives and residual value those stated above

(i) Leasehold land is depreciated over the period of the lease, on a straight line basis.

(ii) Leasehold improvements are depreciated over the lease term or their useful life (based on technical evaluation), whichever is shorter, on a straight line basis.

(iii) Continuous process plant and machinery are depreciated over the useful life of 9.67 years, based on technical evaluation, on a straight line basis.

(iv) Vehicles are depreciated over the useful life of 5 years, based on technical evaluation, on a straight line basis.

(v) Assets costing less than ''5,000 are depreciated over a period of 12 months, on a straight line basis.

(vi) Depreciation on property, plant and equipment (other than leasehold land, leasehold improvements, continuous process plant and machinery and vehicles) is calculated using the straight-line method to allocate their cost, net of their residual values, over their estimated useful lives as prescribed under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, which approximate the useful lives of the assets estimated by the management.

The residual values are not more than 5% of the original cost of the asset. The asset’s residual values and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted, if appropriate, at the end of each reporting period.

An asset’s carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset’s carrying amount is greater than its recoverable amount.

Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing proceeds with carrying amount. These are included in profit or loss within other gains/(losses).

(n) Intangible assets

Acquired intangible assets are shown at historical cost. They have a finite useful life and are subsequently carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses, if any.

(i) Amortization methods and periods

The Company amortizes intangible assets with a finite useful life using the straight-line method over the following periods:

Computer software: 3 years

Production software: 3 years

CTI sites BECIL: 10 years (license period)

Digital rights of news channels: 10 years

(ii) Transition to Ind AS

On transition to Ind AS, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of intangible assets recognized as at April 1, 2015 measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of intangible assets.

(o) Trade and other payables

These amounts represent liabilities for goods and services provided to the Company prior to the end of financial year which are unpaid. The amounts are unsecured and are usually paid within 90 days of recognition. Trade and other payables are presented as current liabilities unless payment is not due within 12 months after the reporting period. They are recognized initially at their fair value and subsequently measured at Amortized cost using the effective interest method.

(p) Borrowings

Borrowings are initially recognized at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred. Borrowings are subsequently measured at Amortized cost. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption amount is recognized in profit or loss over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method. Fees paid on the establishment of loan facilities are recognized as transaction costs of the loan to the extent that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down. In this case, the fee is deferred until the draw down occurs. To the extent there is no evidence that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down, the fee is capitalized as a prepayment for liquidity services and Amortized over the period of the facility to which it relates.

Borrowings are removed from the balance sheet when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or expired. The difference between the carrying amount of a financial liability that has been extinguished or transferred to another party and the consideration paid, including any non-cash assets transferred or liabilities assumed, is recognized in profit or loss as other gains/(losses).

Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the Company has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period. Where there is a breach of a material provision of a long-term loan arrangement on or before the end of the reporting period with the effect that the liability becomes payable on demand on the reporting date, the entity does not classify the liability as current, if the lender agreed, after the reporting period and before the approval of the financial statements for issue, not to demand payment as a consequence of the breach.

(q) Borrowing costs

General and specific borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized during the period of time that is required to complete and prepare the asset for its intended use or sale. Qualifying assets are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale.

Investment income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalization.

Other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they are incurred.

(r) Provisions

Provisions for legal claims, volume discounts and returns are recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reliably estimated. Provisions are not recognized for future operating losses.

Where there are a number of similar obligations, the likelihood that an outflow will be required in settlement is determined by considering the class of obligations as a whole. A provision is recognized even if the likelihood of an outflow with respect to any one item included in the same class of obligations may be small.

Provisions are measured at the present value of management’s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period. The discount rate used to determine the present value is a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability. The increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as interest expense.

(s) Employee benefits

(i) Short-term obligation

Liabilities for salaries, including non-monetary benefits that are expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized in respect of employee’s services up to the end of the reporting period and are measured at the amounts expected to be paid when the liabilities are settled. The liabilities are presented as current employee benefit obligations in the balance sheet.

(ii) Other long-term employee benefits obligations

The liabilities for earned leave are not expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. They are therefore measured as the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employees up to the end of the reporting period using the projected unit credit method. The benefits are discounted using the market yields at the end of the reporting period that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation. Remeasurements as a result of experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in profit or loss.

The obligations are presented as current liabilities in the balance sheet if the entity does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for at least twelve months after the reporting period, regardless of when the actual settlement is expected to occur.

(iii) Post employment obligations

The Company operates the following post-employment schemes:

(a) defined benefit plan, i.e., gratuity

(b) defined contribution plans such as provident fund.

Gratuity obligations

The liability or asset recognized in the balance sheet in respect of defined benefit gratuity plans is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the end of the reporting period less the fair value of plan assets. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

The present value of the defined benefit obligation denominated in INR is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on government bonds that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation.

The net interest cost is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net balance of the defined benefit obligation and the fair value of plan assets. This cost is included in employee benefit expense in the statement of profit and loss. Remeasurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the period in which they occur, directly in other comprehensive income. They are included in retained earnings in the statement of changes in equity and in the balance sheet.

Changes in the present value of the defined benefit obligation resulting from plan amendments or curtailments are recognized immediately in profit or loss as past service cost.

Defined contribution plans

The Company pays provident fund and employee state insurance contributions to government administered Employee Provident Fund Organization and Employee State Insurance Corporation respectively. The Company has no further payment obligations once the contributions have been paid. The contributions are accounted for as defined contribution plans and the contributions are recognized as employee benefit expense when they are due. Prepaid contributions are recognized as an asset to the extent that a cash refund or a reduction in the future payments is available.

(iv) Share based payments

Share-based compensation benefits are provided to employees via TV Today Network Limited Employee Stock Option Plan.

Employee options

The fair value of options granted under the TV Today Network Limited Employee Option Plan is recognized as an employee benefits expense with a corresponding increase in equity. The total amount to be expensed is determined by reference to the fair value of the options granted:

-including any market performance conditions (e.g., the entity’s share price)

-excluding the impact of any service and non market performance vesting conditions (e.g., profitability, sales growth targets and remaining an employee of the entity over a specified time period) and

-including the impact of any non vesting conditions (e.g., the requirement for employees to save or holdings shares for a specific period of time)

The total expense is recognized over the vesting period, which is the period over which all of the specified vesting conditions are to be satisfied. At the end of each period, the entity revises its estimates of the number of options that are expected to vest based on the non-market vesting and service conditions. It recognizes the impact of the revision to original estimates, if any, in profit or loss, with a corresponding adjustment in equity.

(v) Bonus plans

The Company recognizes a liability and an expense for bonuses. The Company recognizes a provision where contractually or statutorily obliged or where there is a past practice that has created a constructive obligation.

(t) Contributed equity

Equity shares are classified as equity.

Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares or options are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax, from the proceeds.

(u) Dividends

Provision is made for the amount of any dividend declared, being appropriately authorized and no longer at the discretion of the entity, on or before the end of the reporting period but not distributed at the end of the reporting period.

(v) Earnings per share

(i) Basic earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing:

(a) the profit attributable to owners of the Company.

(b) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the financial year, adjusted for bonus elements in equity shares issued during the year. (note 31).

(ii) Diluted earnings per share

Diluted earnings per share adjusts the figures used in the determination of basic earnings per share to take into account:

(a) the after income tax effect of interest and other financing costs associated with dilutive potential equity shares, and

(b) the weighted average number of additional equity shares that would have been outstanding assuming the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(w) Non-current assets (or disposal groups) held for sale and discontinued operations

Non-current assets (or disposal groups) are classified as held for sale if their carrying amount will be recovered principally through a sale transaction rather than through continuing use and a sale is considered highly probable. They are measured at the lower of their carrying amount and fair value less costs to sell, except for assets such as deferred tax assets, assets arising from employee benefits, financial assets and contractual rights under insurance contracts, which are specifically exempt from this requirement.

An impairment loss is recognized for any initial or subsequent write-down of the asset (or disposal group) to fair value less costs to sell. A gain is recognized for any subsequent increases in fair value less costs to sell of an asset (or disposal group), but not in excess of any cumulative impairment loss previously recognized. A gain or loss not previously recognized by the date of the sale of the non-current asset (or disposal group) is recognized at the date of de-recognition.

Non-current assets (including those that are part of a disposal group) are not depreciated or Amortized while they are classified as held for sale. Interest and other expenses attributable to the liabilities of a disposal group classified as held for sale continue to be recognized.

Non-current assets classified as held for sale and the assets of a disposal group classified as held for sale are presented separately from the other assets in the balance sheet. The liabilities of a disposal group classified as held for sale are presented separately from other liabilities in the balance sheet.

A discontinued operation is a component of the entity that has been disposed of or is classified as held for sale and that represents a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations, is part of a single coordinated plan to dispose of such a line of business or area of operations, or is a subsidiary acquired exclusively with a view to resale. The results of discontinued operations are presented separately in the statement of profit and loss.

(x) Recent accounting pronouncements

Standards issued but not yet effective

In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendments to Ind AS 7, ‘Statement of cash flows’ and Ind AS 102, ‘Share-based payment’. These amendments are in accordance with the recent amendments made by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to IAS 7, ‘Statement of cash flows’ and IFRS 2, ‘Share-based payment,’ respectively. The amendments are applicable to the Company from April 1, 2017.

Amendment to Ind AS 7:

The amendment to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and noncash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the balance sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.

The company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and the effect thereof on its financial statements is being evaluated.

Amendment to Ind AS 102:

The amendment to Ind AS 102 provides specific guidance to measurement of cash-settled awards, modification of cash-settled awards and awards that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes.

It clarifies that the fair value of cash-settled awards is determined on a basis consistent with that used for equity-settled awards. Market-based performance conditions and non-vesting conditions are reflected in the ‘fair values’, but non-market performance conditions and service vesting conditions are reflected in the estimate of the number of awards expected to vest. Also, the amendment clarifies that if the terms and conditions of a cash-settled share-based payment transaction are modified with the result that it becomes an equity-settled share-based payment transaction, the transaction is accounted for as such from the date of the modification. Further, the amendment requires the award that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes to be treated as equity-settled in its entirety. The cash payment to the tax authority is treated as if it was part of an equity settlement.

In the opinion of the management, the impact on the financial statements of the amendment is not expected to be material.

(y) Rounding of amounts

All amounts in Indian Rupees disclosed in the financial statements and notes thereof have been rounded off to the nearest lacs as per the requirement of Schedule III, unless otherwise stated.


Mar 31, 2016

1. Significant Accounting Policies a. Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Pursuant to Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, till the standards of accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has notified the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2016 vide its notification dated March 30, 2016. The said notification read with Rule 3(2) of the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 is applicable to accounting period commencing on or after the date of notification i.e.

April 1, 2016.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company’s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of services provided, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.

b. Tangible Assets

Tangible assets are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation.

Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains and losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

c. Intangible Assets

Acquired intangible assets expected to provide future enduring benefits are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation.

d. Depreciation / Amortization

- Depreciation on tangible assets (other than leasehold land, leasehold improvements, continuous process plant and machinery and vehicles) is provided on a pro-rata basis on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets as prescribed under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

- Leasehold land is depreciated over the period of the lease.

- Leasehold improvements are depreciated over the lease term or their useful life (based on a technical evaluation), whichever is shorter.

- Continuous process plant and machinery are depreciated over the useful life of 9.67 years, based on a technical evaluation.

- Vehicles are depreciated over the useful life of 5 years on straight-line method, based on a technical evaluation.

- Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated over a period of 12 months.

- Intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives, as follows:-

a. Computer software are depreciated over a period of three years.

b. Production software are depreciated over a period of three years.

c. CTI sites BECIL are depreciated over the license period of ten years.

d. Digital rights of news channels are depreciated over a period of ten years.

e. Revenue Recognition

Advertisement and digital business income is recognized for the period for which services have been provided and for which there is certainty of ultimate collection. Subscription income is recognized on the basis of terms of contract with the distributors. Fee from training is recognized over the duration of the course offered by the media institute of the Company.

f. Interest Income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

g. Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the carrying value thereof, in valuation of investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

h. Employee Benefits

(a) Short Term Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognized in the period during which the services have been rendered.

(b) Long Term Employee Benefits

i) Defined Contribution Plans

Company’s contributions to Provident Fund, Employees’ State Insurance Scheme and Employee Pension Scheme, which are Defined Contribution Plans, are expensed to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions to the respective government funds.

(ii) Gratuity (Defined Benefit Plan) and Compensated Absences (Other Long-Term Employee Benefits)

The Company provides for the liability at year end as per actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary as per the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions and are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

The Gratuity Plan of the Company provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement or on termination of employment, based on the respective employee’s salary and the tenure of employment. Gratuity Fund is recognized by the income tax authorities and is administered and managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (“LIC”).

(iii) Termination benefits are recognized as an expense immediately.

i. Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign exchange transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Gains or losses arising out of fluctuations in exchange rate between transaction date and settlement date are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Monetary Assets and Liabilities are translated at the exchange rates prevailing at the year end and the resultant gain / loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

j. Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the year, comprising current tax and deferred tax, is included in determining the net profit for the year. Current tax is determined based on liability computed in accordance with relevant tax rates and tax laws.

Deferred tax is recognized for all timing differences arising between accounting income and taxable income and is measured at the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are carried forward to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable profits will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation or brought forward losses are recognized to the extent of virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable profits will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

k. Leases

As a lessee:

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.

As a less or:

The Company has leased a tangible asset and such leases where the Company has substantially retained all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as operating leases. Lease income on such operating leases are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis over the lease term which is representative of the time pattern in which benefit derived from the use of the leased asset is diminished. Initial direct costs are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

l. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

m. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset is capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred. Borrowing costs include interest, other costs incurred in connection with borrowing and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent that they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

n. Employee Stock Based Compensation

The Company calculates the employee stock compensation expense based on the intrinsic value method wherein the excess of market price of underlying equity shares as on the date of the grant of options over the exercise price of the options given to employees under the Employee Stock Option Scheme of the Company, is recognized as deferred stock compensation expense and is amortized over the vesting period in accordance with the accounting treatment prescribed by the Guidance Note on Employee Share-based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India as required by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Share Based Employee Benefits) Regulations, 2014.

o. Provisions and Contingencies

Provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is more likely than not that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reliably estimated. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. A disclosure for contingent liabilities is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that probably will not require an outflow of resource or where a reliable estimate of obligation cannot be made.

p. Impairment of Assets

Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset''s net sales price or present value, as determined above.

Assessment is also done at each balance sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. An impairment loss is reversed to the extent that the asset''s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined if no impairment loss had previously been recognized.

q. Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, cheques on hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(b) Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to shares

The Company has one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 5 per share. Each shareholder is eligible for one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting. In the event of liquidation, the equity shareholders are eligible to receive the remaining assets of the Company after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion to their shareholding. However, no such preferential amounts exist currently.


Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, till the standards of accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of services provided, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

b. Tangible Assets

Tangible assets are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation.

Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains and losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

c. Intangible Assets

Acquired intangible assets expected to provide future enduring benefits are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation.

d. Depreciation / Amortisation

* Depreciation on tangible assets (other than leasehold land, leasehold improvements, continuous process plant and machinery and vehicles) is provided on a pro-rata basis on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets as prescribed under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

Till last year, depreciation on these assets used to be provided for at the rates mentioned in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Had the earlier years'' basis been followed, depreciation for the year would have been lower by Rs. 48,803,683. Further, based on the transitional provisions as per Note 7(b) of Schedule II of such Act, an amount of Rs. 5,079,444 (net of deferred tax of Rs. 2,615,514) has been adjusted against opening balance of retained earnings

* Leasehold land is depreciated over the period of the lease.

* Leasehold improvements are depreciated over the lease term or their useful life (based on a technical evaluation), whichever is shorter.

* Continuous process plant and machinery are depreciated over the useful life of 9.67 years, based on a technical evaluation.

* Vehicles are depreciated over the useful life of 5 years on straight-line method, based on a technical evaluation.

* Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated over a period of 12 months.

* Intangible assets are amortised on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives, as follows:-

a. Computer software are depreciated over a period of three years.

b. Production software are depreciated over a period of three years.

c. CTI sites BECIL are depreciated over the license period of ten years.

d. Digital rights of news channels are depreciated over a period of ten years.

e. Revenue Recognition

Advertisement and digital business income is recognized for the period for which services have been provided and for which there is certainty of ultimate collection. Subscription income is recognized on the basis of terms of contract with the distributors. Fee from training is recognized over the duration of the course offered by the media institute of the Company.

f. Interest Income

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

g. Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the carrying value thereof, in valuation of investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

h. Employee Benefits

(a) Short Term Employee benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognised in the period during which the services have been rendered.

(b) Long Term Employee benefits

i) Defined contribution Plans

Company''s contributions to Provident Fund, Employees'' State Insurance Scheme and Employee Pension Scheme, which are Defined Contribution Plans, are expensed to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions to the respective government funds.

(ii) Gratuity (Defined benefit Plan) and compensated Absences (Other Long-Term Employee benefits)

The Company provides for the liability at year end as per actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary as per the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions and are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

The Gratuity Plan of the Company provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement or on termination of employment, based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. Gratuity Fund is recognized by the income tax authorities and is administered and managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India ("LIC").

(iii) Termination benefits are recognized as an expense immediately.

i. Foreign currency Transactions

Foreign exchange transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Gains or losses arising out of fluctuations in exchange rate between transaction date and settlement date are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Monetary Assets and Liabilities are translated at the exchange rates prevailing at the year end and the resultant gain / loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

j. Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the year, comprising current tax and deferred tax, is included in determining the net profit for the year. Current tax is determined based on liability computed in accordance with relevant tax rates and tax laws.

Deferred tax is recognized for all timing differences arising between accounting income and taxable income and is measured at the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are carried forward to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable profits will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation or brought forward losses are recognized to the extent of virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable profits will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

k. Leases

As a lessee:

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight- line basis over the period of the lease.

As a lessor:

The Company has leased a tangible asset and such leases where the Company has substantially retained all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as operating leases. Lease income on such operating leases are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis over the lease term which is representative of the time pattern in which benefit derived from the use of the leased asset is diminished. Initial direct costs are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

l. Earnings Per Share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

m. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset is capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

n. Employee Stock Based compensation

The Company calculates the employee stock compensation expense based on the intrinsic value method wherein the excess of market price of underlying equity shares as on the date of the grant of options over the exercise price of the options given to employees under the Employee Stock Option Scheme of the Company, is recognized as deferred stock compensation expense and is amortized over the vesting period on the basis of generally accepted accounting principles in accordance with the guidelines of Securities and Exchange Board of India and guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

o. Provisions and contingencies

Provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is more likely than not that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reliably estimated. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. A disclosure for contingent liabilities is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that probably will not require an outflow of resource or where a reliable estimate of obligation cannot be made.

p. Impairment of Assets

Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset''s net sales price or present value, as determined above.

q. cash and cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, cheques on hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of services provided, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

b. Tangible Assets

Tangible assets are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation.

c. Intangible Assets

Acquired Intangible Assets expected to provide future enduring benefits are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation.

d. Depreciation / Amortisation

- Depreciation on Tangible Assets (other than Leasehold Land, Leasehold Improvements and Vehicles) is provided on straight-line method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, on triple shift basis.

- Leasehold Land and Leasehold Improvements are depreciated over the period of the lease.

- Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated over a period of 12 months.

- Vehicles are depreciated over the useful life of 5 years on straight-line method.

- Intangible Assets are amortised on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful life, on a case to case basis.

e. Revenue recognition

Advertisement Income is recognized for the period for which services have been provided and for which there is certainty of ultimate collection. Subscription income is recognized on the basis of the terms of the contract with the distributors.

f. Interest Income

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

g. Investment

Long-term investments are stated at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the carrying value thereof, in valuation of investments. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value.

h. Employee Benefits

(a) Short Term Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognised in the period during which the services have been rendered.

(b) Long Term Employee Benefits

i) Defined Contribution plan

Company''s contributions to Provident Fund, Employees'' State Insurance Scheme and Employee Pension Scheme, which are Defined Contribution Plans, are expensed to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions to the respective government funds.

(ii) Gratuity (Defined Benefit Plan) and Compensated Absences

The Company provides for the liability at year end as per the actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary as per the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions and are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

The Gratuity Plan of the Company provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement or termination of employment, based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. Gratuity Fund is recognized by the income tax authorities and is administered and managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India ("LIC").

(iii) Termination benefits are recognized as an expense immediately.

i. Foreign currency transactions

Foreign exchange transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Gains or losses arising out of fluctuations in exchange rate between transaction date and settlement date are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Monetary Assets and Liabilities are translated at the exchange rates prevailing at the year end and the resultant gain / loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

j. Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the year, comprising current tax and deferred tax is included in determining the net profit for the year. Current tax is determined based on liability computed in accordance with relevant tax rates and tax laws.

Deferred tax is recognized for all timing differences arising between accounting income and taxable income and is measured at the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are carried forward to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable profits will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation or brought forward losses are recognized to the extent of virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable profits will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

k. Leases

Lease of assets under which significant risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under an operating lease are recognized as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss, on a straight line basis over the lease term.

l. Earnings per Share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

m. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset is capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

n. Employee Stock Based Compensation

The Company calculates the employee stock compensation expense based on the intrinsic value method wherein the excess of market price of underlying equity shares as on the date of the grant of options over the exercise price of the options given to employees under the Employee Stock Option Scheme of the Company, is recognized as deferred stock compensation expense and is amortized over the vesting period on the basis of generally accepted accounting principles in accordance with the guidelines of Securities and Exchange Board of India and guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

o. Provisions and Contingencies

Provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is more likely than not that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reliably estimated. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. A disclosure for contingent liabilities is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that probably will not require an outflow of resource or where a reliable estimate of obligation cannot be made.

p. Impairment of Assets

Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset''s net sales price or present value, as determined above.

q. Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short- term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211 (3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of services provided, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

b. Tangible Assets

Tangible assets are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation. Tangible Assets include digital satellite receivers, included under Plant and Machinery, generally installed at the premises of the channel partner.

c. Intangible Assets

Acquired Intangible Assets expected to provide future enduring benefits are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation.

d. Depreciation / Amortization

- Depreciation on Tangible Assets (other than Leasehold Improvements, Vehicles and Intangibles) is provided on straight-line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV on triple shift basis.

- Leasehold Land and Leasehold Improvements are depreciated over the period of the lease.

- Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated over a period of 12 months.

- Vehicles are depreciated over the useful life of 5 years on straight-line method.

- Intangible Assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful life, on a case to case basis.

e. Revenue recognition

Advertisement Income is recognized for the period for which services have been provided and for which there is certainty of ultimate collection. Subscription revenue is recognized on the basis of the terms of the contract with the distributors.

f. Interest Income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

g. Investment

Long-term investments are stated at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the carrying value thereof, in valuation of investments. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value.

h. Employee Benefits

(a) Short Term Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognized in the period during which the services have been rendered.

(b) Long Term Employee Benefits

i) Defined Contribution plan

Company's contributions to Provident Fund, Employees' State Insurance Scheme and Employee Pension Scheme, which are Defined Contribution Plans, are expensed to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which contributions are due. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions to the respective government funds.

(ii) Defined benefit plan

The Company provides for the liability at year end on account of gratuity and compensated absences as per the actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary as per the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions and are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

The Gratuity Plan of the Company provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement or termination of employment, based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure of employment. Gratuity Fund is recognized by the income tax authorities and is administered and managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India ("LIC").

(iii) Termination benefits are recognized as an expense immediately.

i. Foreign currency transactions

Foreign exchange transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Gains or losses arising out of fluctuations in exchange rate between transaction date and settlement date are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Monetary Assets and Liabilities are translated at the exchange rates prevailing at the year end and the resultant gain/ loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

j. Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the year, comprising current tax and deferred tax is included in determining the net profit for the year. Current tax is determined based on liability computed in accordance with relevant tax rates and tax laws.

Deferred tax is recognized for all timing differences arising between accounting income and taxable income and is measured at the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are carried forward to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable profits will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation or brought forward losses are recognized to the extent of virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable profits will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

k. Leases

Lease of assets under which significant risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the less or are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under an operating lease are recognized as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss, on a straight line basis over the lease term.

I. Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

m. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset is capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

n. Employee Stock Based Compensation

The Company calculates the employee stock compensation expense based on the intrinsic value method wherein the excess of market price of underlying equity shares as on the date of the grant of options over the exercise price of the options given to employees under the Employee Stock Option Scheme of the Company, is recognized as deferred stock compensation expense and is amortized over the vesting period on the basis of generally accepted accounting principles in accordance with the guidelines of Securities and Exchange Board of India and guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

o. Provisions and Contingencies

Provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is more likely than not that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reliably estimated. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. A disclosure for contingent liabilities is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that probably will not require an outflow of resource or where a reliable estimate of obligation cannot be made.

p. Impairment of Assets

Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset's net sales price or present value, as determined above.

q. Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short- term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2011

A. Accounting Convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention to comply in all material aspects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable accounting standards notified under section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes items of income and expenditure on accrual basis.

b. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation. Fixed Assets include digital satellite receivers, included under Plant and Machinery, generally installed at the premises of the channel partner.

c. Intangible Assets

Acquired Intangible Assets expected to provide future enduring benefits are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation.

d. Depreciation/ Amortisation

- Depreciation on Fixed Assets (other than Leasehold Improvements, Digital Satellite Receiver boxes and Intangibles) is provided on straight-line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV on triple shift basis.

- Leasehold Land and Leasehold Improvements are written off over the period of the lease.

- Assets costing less than Rs.5000/- are depreciated over a period of 12 months.

- Digital Satellite Receiver Boxes (included in Plant & Machinery) are being depreciated over the useful life of 3 years at the rate of 33.33% per annum on straight-line method.

- Intangible Assets are amortised on a Straight Line basis over their estimated useful life on a case to case basis.

e. Revenue recognition

Income from broadcasting operations: Advertisement Revenue is recognized for the period for which services have been provided and for which there is certainty of ultimate collection, Subscription revenue is recognized on the basis of the terms of the contract with the distributor.

f. Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the carrying value thereof, in valuation of investments. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value.

g. Employee benefits

(a) Short Term Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognised in the period during which the services have been rendered.

(b) Long Term Employee Benefits

i) Defined Contribution plan

Company's Contributions to Provident Fund, Employees' State Insurance Scheme and Employee Pension Scheme, which are Defined Contribution Schemes, are expensed in the Profit and Loss Account at the year when the contributions are due. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions to the respective government funds.

(ii) Defined benefit plan

The Company provides for the liability at year end on account of gratuity and leave encashment as per the actuarial valuation carried out by independent actuary at the year end as per the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions and are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Accounts as income or expense. The Gratuity Plan of the Company provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement or termination of employment based on the respective employee salary and years of employment with the Company. Gratuity Fund is recognized by the income tax authorities and is administered and managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India ("LIC").

(iii) Termination benefits are recognized as an expense immediately.

h. Foreign currency transactions

- Foreign exchange transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transactions. Gains or losses arising out of fluctuations in rate between transaction date and settlement date are recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

- Monetary Assets and Liabilities are translated at the exchange rates prevailing at year-end rate and the resultant gain/loss is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

i. Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the Year, comprising current tax and deferred tax is included in determining the net profit for the year. Current Tax is determined based on liability computed in accordance with relevant tax rates and tax laws.

Deferred tax is recognized for all timing differences arising between accounting income and taxable income and are measured at the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are carried forward to the extent there is reasonable certainly that sufficient future taxable profits will be available against which such defereed tax assets can be realized.

j. Leases

Lease of assets under which significant risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lesses. Lease payments under an operating lease are recognized as expense in the profit and loss account, on a straight line basis over the lease term.

k. Earnings per Share

Basic Earning Per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For calculating diluted number of shares the net Profit/ (loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted aveage number of shares outstanding the year are adjusted for the effects of all diluted potential equity shares.

I. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset is capitalized as a part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

m. Employee stock based compensation

The Company calculates the employee stock compensation expense on the intrinsic value method wherein the excess of market price of underlying equity shares as on the date of the grant of options over the exercise price of the options given to employees under the Employee Stock Option Scheme of the Company, is recognized as deferred principles in accordance with guidelines of Securities and Exchange Board of India and guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

n. Provisions and Contingencies

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is more likely than not that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount has been reliably estimated. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. A disclosure for contingent liabilities made when this is a possible obligation or a present obligation that probably will not require an outflow of resource or where a reliable entrance of obligation cannot be made.

o. Impairment of Assets

Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indiration that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expenseded is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset's net sales price or present value as determined above.


Mar 31, 2010

A. Accounting Convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention to comply in all material aspects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable accounting standards notified under section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes items of income and expenditure on accrual basis.

b. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation.

Fixed Assets include digital satellite receivers, included under Plant and Machinery, generally installed at the premises of the channel partner.

c. Intangible Assets

Acquired Intangible Assets expected to provide future enduring benefits are stated at their original cost and include all expenses relating to acquisition and installation.

d. Depreciation/ Amortisation

- Depreciation on Fixed Assets (other than Leasehold Improvements, Digital Satellite Receiver boxes and Intangibles) is provided on straight- line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV on triple shift basis.

- Leasehold Land and Leasehold Improvements are written off over the period of the lease.

- Assets costing less than Rs.50007- are depreciated over a period of 12 months.

- Digital Satellite Receiver Boxes (included in Plant & Machinery) are being depreciated over the useful life of 3 years at the rate of 33.33% per annum on straight- line method.

- Intangible Assets are amortised on a Straight Line basis over their estimated useful life on a case to case basis.

- Consequent to the Scheme of arrangement as stated in Note B(12) below, the assets of the radio business of erstwhile Radio Today Broadcasting Limited, which hitherto used to be depreciated under written down value method at rates prescribed in Schedule XIV, is being depreciated from the current year on straight line method and is consistent with the policy of the Company, and as stated in Accounting Standard (AS) 14, Accounting for Amalgamations, notified under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956. Consequently, the Company has done a retrospective re- computation and the surplus arising from such re- computation amounting to Rs 49,361,917 has been adjusted against the current years depreciation. Had the earlier years policy being followed, depreciation for the year would have been higher by Rs 59,747,646 with its consequential impact on the profit and net assets of the Company.

e. Revenue recognition

Income from broadcasting operations: Advertisement Revenue is recognized for the period for which services have been provided and for which there is certainty of ultimate collection, Subscription revenue is recognized on the basis of the terms of the contract with the distributor.

f. Investments

Long- term investments are stated at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the carrying value thereof, in valuation of investments. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value.

g. Employee benefits

(a) Short Term Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognised in the period during which the services have been rendered.

(b) Long Term Employee Benefits

i) Defined Contribution plan

Provident Fund and employees state insurance schemes

All employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Both the employee and the employer make monthly contributions to the plan at a predetermined rate (presently 12%) of the employees basic salary. These contributions are made to the fund administered and managed by the Government of India. In addition, some employees of the Company are covered under the employees state insurance schemes and employees pension schemes, which are also defined contribution

schemes recognized and administered by the Government of India.

The Companys contributions to both these schemes are expensed in the Profit and Loss Account. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

(ii) Defined benefit plan

Leave Encashment - The Company has provided for the liability at year end on account of unavailed earned leave as per the actuarial valuation as per the Projected Unit Credit Method.

Gratuity - The Company provides for gratuity obligations through a defined benefit retirement plan (the Gratuity Plan) covering all employees. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement or termination of employment based on the respective employee salary and years of employment with the Company. The Company provides for the Gratuity Plan based on actuarial valuations in accordance with Accounting Standard 15 (revised), "Employee Benefits". Gratuity Fund is recognized by the income tax authorities and is administered and managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India ("LIC").

(iii) Termination benefits are recognized as an expense immediately. Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions and are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account as income or expense.

h. Foreign currency transactions

- Foreign exchange transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transactions. Gains or losses out of fluctuations in rate between transaction date and settlement date are recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

- Monetary Assets and Liabilities are translated into rupees at the exchange rates prevailing at year- end rate and overall net gain / loss is adjusted in the Profit and Loss Account.

i. Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the Year, comprising current tax and deferred tax is included in determining the net profit for the year. Current Tax is provided for in accordance with the provision of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for all timing differences between accounting income and taxable income and are measured at the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are carried forward to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable profits will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred Tax Assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation or brought forward losses are recognized to the extent of virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable profits will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

j. Leases

Lease of assets under which significant risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under an operating lease are recognized as expense in the profit and loss account, on a straight line basis over the lease term. k. Earnings per Share

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings per equity share in accordance with AS - 20, Earning Per Share. Basic EPS

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Companys basic EPS comprises the net profit after tax and include the post tax effect of any extra ordinary items. The number of shares used in computing Basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

Diluted EPS

The net profit / (loss) after tax and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for all the effects of diluted potential equity shares for calculating the diluted EPS.

l. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset is capitalized as a part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

m. Employee stock based compensation

The Company calculates the employee stock compensation expense based on the intrinsic value method wherein the excess of market price of underlying equity shares as on the date of the grant of options over the exercise price of the options given to employees under the Employee Stock Option Scheme of the Company, is recognized as deferred stock compensation expense and is amortized over the vesting period on the basis of generally accepting accounting principles in accordance with the guidelines of Securities and Exchange Board of India and guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

n. Provisions

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is more likely than not that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount has been reliably estimated. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

o. Impairment of Assets

Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the assets net sales price or present value as determined above.

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