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Accounting Policies of Man Infraconstruction Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

Background

Man Infraconstruction Limited is a Public Company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its shares are listed on BSE Limited and National Stock Exchange in India. the Company was incorporated on 16th August, 2002 and is engaged in the business of Civil Construction.

Authorization of standalone financial statements

The standalone financial statements for the year ended March 31,2017, were approved and authorized for issue by the Board of Directors on May 29, 2017.

1 Summary of significant accounting policies

This note provides a list of the significant accounting policies adopted in the presentation of these standalone financial statements.

1.01 Basis of preparation Compliance with Ind AS

The standalone financial statements comply in all material aspects with Indian Accounting Standards ("Ind AS") notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the Act") read with Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015, the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2016 and other relevant provisions of the Act.

The financial statements up to year ended March 31, 2016 were prepared in accordance with the accounting standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Act.

These financial statements are the first financial statements of the Company under Ind AS. Refer note 4.12 for an explanation of how the transition from previous GAAP (IGAPP) to Ind AS has affected the Company''s financial position, financial performance and cash flows.

Historical cost convention

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for the following:

- certain financial assets and liabilities (including investments in mutual funds, private equity fund, loans and advances, Preference Shares) that are measured at fair value;

- assets held for sale - measured at lower of carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell; and

- Defined benefit plans - plan assets measured at fair value;

1.02 Rounding of amounts

All amounts disclosed in the standalone financial statements and notes have been rounded off to the nearest Lakhs, except where otherwise indicated.

Transactions and balances with values below the rounding off norm adopted by the Company have been reflected as "0.00" in the relevant notes in these financial statements.

1.03 Current versus non-current classification

The Company presents assets and liabilities in the balance sheet based on current/ non-current classification.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Act. Based on the nature of operations, and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current -non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as noncurrent on net basis.

1.04 Use of judgments, estimates and assumptions

The estimates and judgments used in the preparation of the financial statements are continuously evaluated by the Company and are based on historical experience and various other assumptions and factors (including expectations of future events) that the Company believes to be reasonable under the existing circumstances. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

The said estimates are based on the facts and events, that existed as at the reporting date, or that occurred after that date but provide additional evidence about conditions existing as at the reporting date.

Critical estimates and judgments the areas involving critical estimates or judgments are:

- Estimation of current tax expense and payable - Note

3.10

- Estimation of defined benefit obligation - Note 4.06

- Recognition of deferred tax assets - Note 2.07

- Impairmentoftradereceivables-Note4.01 (iv) (a)

1.05 Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment is stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses (other than freehold land), the initial cost of an asset comprises its purchase price or construction cost, any costs directly attributable to bringing the asset into the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended by management, the initial estimate of any decommissioning obligation, if any, and, for assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, finance costs, the purchase price or construction cost is the aggregate amount paid and the fair value of any other consideration given to acquire the asset.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset''s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance

are charged to statement of profit and loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from the continued use of the asset. Any gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an item of property, plant and equipment is determined as the difference between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognized in statement of profit and loss.

Depreciation on property, plant and equipment

Depreciation on property, plant and equipment is computed on written down value method except with respect to steel shuttering materials, racks and pallets and leasehold premises where depreciation is provided on straight line method (SLM).

Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during a period is proportionately charged.

Useful life and residual value prescribed in Schedule II to the Act are considered for computing depreciation except in the following cases:

For Moulds for Mineral Materials (included in Shuttering Materials), the residual value is considered at 31% to 52% of original cost, which is higher than the limit specified in Schedule II to the Act. For these classes of assets, based on internal assessments and technical evaluation, the Company believes that the useful lives and residual values as given above best represent the period over which the Company expects to use these assets. Hence the useful lives and residual values for these assets are different from the useful lives and residual values as prescribed in Schedule II to the Act.

The estimated useful lives, residual values and depreciation methods are reviewed at the end of each reporting period, with the effect of any changes in estimate accounted for on a prospective basis.

1.06 Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses.

Intangible assets with finite lives are amortized on straight line basis over their useful economic life and assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired, the amortization expense on intangible assets with finite lives and impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Amortization of intangible assets

Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over the estimated useful economic life as follows:

-Computer software - 2 years.

The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern.

De-recognition of intangible assets

An intangible asset is derecognized on disposal, or when no future economic benefits are expected from use or disposal. Gains or losses arising from de-recognition of an intangible asset, measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset, are recognized in statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

1.07 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale.

Interest income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalization.

All other borrowing costs are recognized in profit or loss in the period in which they are incurred.

1.08 Impairment of non-financial assets

Carrying amount of property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and investments in subsidiaries, and associates (which are carried at cost) are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the asset''s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount, the recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s fair value less costs of disposal and value in use.

For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or group of assets (cash-generating units).

Non- financial assets other than goodwill that suffered impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at the end of each reporting period. When

an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset (or cash-generating unit) in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognized immediately in profit and loss.

1.09 Non-current assets held for sale

Non-current assets are classified as held for sale if their carrying amount will be recovered principally through a sale transaction rather than through continuing use and a sale is considered highly probable, they are measured at the lower of their carrying amount and fair value less costs to sell. Non-current assets are not depreciated or amortized while they are classified as held for sale. Non-current assets classified as held for sale are presented separately from the other assets in the balance sheet.

1.10 Investment in subsidiaries and associates

The Company''s investments in its subsidiaries and associates are accounted at cost as per Ind AS 27 and reviewed for impairment at each reporting date.

1.11 Financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized when a Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments.

Initial Recognition and Measurement - Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities

Financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss and ancillary costs related to borrowings) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Classification and Subsequent Measurement : Financial Assets

the Company classifies financial assets as subsequently measured at amortized cost, fair value through other comprehensive income ("FVTOCI") or fair value through profit or loss ("FVTPL") on the basis offol lowing :

- The entity''s business model for managing the financial assets and

- The contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset.

Amortized Cost :

A financial asset is classified and measured at amortized cost if both of the following conditions are met:

- The financial asset is held within a business model whose objective is to hold financial assets in order to collect contractual cash flows and

- the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

FVTOCI :

A financial asset is classified and measured at FVTOCI if both of the following conditions are met:

- The financial asset is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and

- the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

FVTPL:

A financial asset is classified and measured at FVTPL unless it is measured at amortized cost or at FVTOCI.

All recognized financial assets are subsequently measured in their entirety at either amortized cost or fair value, depending on the classification of the financial assets.

Impairment of Financial Assets:

The Company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its assets carried at amortized cost, the impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.

For trade receivables only, the Company applies the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognized from initial recognition of the receivables.

Classification and Subsequent measurement: Financial Liabilities

The Company''s financial liabilities include trade and other payables, loans and borrowings including bank overdrafts, financial guarantee contracts.

Financial Liabilities at FVTPL :

Financial liabilities are classified as at FVTPL when the financial liability is held for trading or are designated upon initial recognition as FVTPL.

Gains or losses on financial liabilities held for trading are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Other Financial Liabilities:

Other financial liabilities (including borrowings and trade and other payables) are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortized cost of a financial liability and of allocating interest expense over the relevant period, the effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash payments (including all fees and points paid or received that form an integral part of the effective interest rate, transaction costs and other premiums or discounts) through the expected life of the financial liability, or (where appropriate) a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

De-recognition of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities :

The Company de-recognizes a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire, or it transfers the rights to receive the contractual cash flows in a transaction in which substantially all of the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset are transferred. If the Company enters into transactions whereby it transfers assets recognized on its balance sheet, but retains either all or substantially all of the risks and rewards of the transferred assets, the transferred assets are not derecognized.

A financial liability is derecognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires.

1.12 Inventories

Inventory of construction materials is valued at lower of cost (net of indirect taxes, wherever recoverable) and net realizable value. Cost is determined on FIFO basis. However, inventory is not written down below cost if the estimated revenue of the concerned contract is in excess of estimated cost.

Work-in-progress / other stock is valued at lower of cost (net of indirect taxes, wherever recoverable) and net realizable value.

1.13 Revenue recognition

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable.

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Construction Contracts

Contract revenue and expenses associated with the construction contracts are recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the project at the reporting date, the stage of completion of project is determined by considering all relevant factors relating to contracts including survey of work performed, on completion of a physical proportion of the work done and proportion of contract costs incurred.

When it is probable that total contract costs will exceed total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognized as an expense immediately irrespective of stage of work done.

Variations, claims and incentives are recognized to the extent that it is probable that they will result in revenue and they are capable of being reliably measured.

Revenues from other contracts are recognized in terms of underlying arrangements and on rendering of services.

Professional and Consultancy Income

Revenue from consulting services is recognized in the accounting period in which the services are rendered.

Rental income

Income earned by way of leasing or renting out of commercial premises is recognized as income. Initial direct cost such as brokerage, etc. is recognized as expenses on accrual basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of lease.

Sale of goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. Revenue from the sale of goods is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Amounts disclosed as revenue does not include Value added tax (VAT) and Central Sales tax (CST).

Dividend income

Dividend income from investments is recognized when the shareholder''s right to receive payment has been established (provided that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount of income can be measured reliably).

Interest income

Interest income from a financial asset is recognized when it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount of income can be measured reliably. Interest income is accrued on a time basis, by reference to the principal outstanding and at the effective interest rate applicable.

1.14 Employee benefits

a) Short-term obligations

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at an undiscounted amount in the Statement of profit & loss of the year in which the related services are rendered. Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit, the Company measures the expected cost of such absences as the additional amount that it expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the reporting date.

b) Post-employment obligations

The Company operates the following post-employment schemes:

- Defined benefit plans such as gratuity; and

- Defined contribution plans such as provident fund.

Gratuity obligations

The liability or asset recognized in the balance sheet in respect of defined benefit gratuity plans is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the end of the reporting period, the defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

The present value of the defined benefit obligation denominated in INR is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on government bonds that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation.

The net interest cost is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net balance of the defined benefit obligation, ms cost is included in employee benefit expense in the statement of profit and loss.

Re-measurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the period in which they occur, directly in other comprehensive income, they are included in retained earnings in the statement of changes in equity and in the balance sheet.

Defined contribution plans

Contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution plan, are made in accordance with the rules of the statute and are recognized as expenses when employees render service entitling them to the contributions, the Company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund.

The obligations are presented as current liabilities in the balance sheet if the entity does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for at least twelve months after the reporting period, regardless of when the actual settlement is expected to occur.

1.15 Taxes on income

Income tax expense represents the sum of the tax currently payable and deferred tax.

Current tax

The tax currently payable is based on taxable profit for the year. Taxable profit differs from ''Profit before tax'' as reported in profit and loss because of items of income or expense that are taxable or deductible in other years and items that are never taxable or deductible, the Company''s current tax is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax is recognized on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax basis used in the computation of taxable profits. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized for all taxable temporary differences. Deferred tax assets are generally recognized for all deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which those deductible temporary differences can be utilized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at the end of each reporting period and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period in which the liability is settled or the asset realized, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

The measurement of deferred tax liabilities and assets reflects the tax consequences that would follow from the manner in which the company expects, at the end of the reporting period, to recover the carrying amount of its assets and liabilities.

Current and deferred tax for the year

Current and deferred tax are recognized in profit or loss, except when they relate to items that are recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case, the current and deferred tax are also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity respectively.

1.16 Earnings Per Share (EPS)

Basic earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing :

- the profit attributable to owners of the Company

- by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the financial year, adjusted for bonus elements in equity shares

Diluted earnings per share

Diluted earnings per share adjusts the figures used in the determination of basic earnings per share to take into account:

- the after income tax effect of interest and other financing costs associated with dilutive potential equity shares, and

- the weighted average number of additional equity shares that would have been outstanding assuming the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.17 Provisions, Contingent liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event; it is probable that the Company will be required to settle the present obligation, and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

The amount recognized as a provision is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period, taking into account the risk and uncertainties surrounding the obligation. When a provision is measured using the cash flows estimated to settle the present obligation, its carrying amount is the present value of those cash flows (when the effect of the time value of money is material).

Contingent liabilities are stated separately by way of a note. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is not probable that a cash outflow will be required to settle the obligation. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed.

1.18 Cash and cash equivalents

For the purpose of presentation in the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, deposits held at call with financial institutions, other short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value, and bank overdrafts. Bank overdrafts are shown within borrowings in current liabilities in the balance sheet.

1.19 Leases

The determination of whether an arrangement is, or contains, a lease is based on the substance of the arrangement at the inception date, whether fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets or the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset, even if that right is not explicitly specified in an arrangement.

As a lessee

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the company as lessee are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are charged to statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease unless the payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the lessor''s expected inflationary cost increases.

As a lessor

Lease income from operating leases where the company is a lessor is recognized as income on a straight-line basis over the lease term unless the receipts are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the expected inflationary cost increases, the respective leased assets are included in the balance sheet based on their nature.

1.20 Financial guarantee contracts

The Company on a case to case basis elects to account for financial guarantee contracts as a financial instrument or as an insurance contract, as specified in Ind AS 109 on Financial

Instruments and Ind AS 104 on Insurance Contracts, the Company has regarded all its financial guarantee contracts as insurance contracts. At the end of each reporting period the Company performs a liability adequacy test, (i.e. it assesses the likelihood of a pay-out based on current undiscounted estimates of future cash flows), and the deficiency is recognized in profit or loss.

1.21 First time adoption - mandatory exceptions, optional exemptions

(i) Overall principle

The Company has prepared the opening balance sheet as per Ind As as of April 01, 2015, (the transition date) by recognizing all assets and liabilities whose recognition is required by Ind AS, not recognizing items of assets or liabilities which are not permitted by Ind AS, by reclassifying items from previous GAAP to Ind AS as required under Ind AS, and applying Ind AS in measurement of recognized assets and liabilities. However, this principle is subject to the certain exceptions and certain optional exemptions availed by the Company as detailed below.

(ii) Classification of debt instruments

The Company has determined the classification of debt instruments in terms of whether they meet the amortised cost criteria or the FVTOCI criteria based on the facts and circumstances that existed as of the transition date

(iii) Impairment of financial assets

the Company has applied the impairment requirements of Ind AS 109 retrospectively; however, as permitted by Ind AS 101, it has used reasonable and supportable information that is available without undue cost or effort to determine the credit risk at the date that financial instruments were initially recognized in order to compare it with the credit risk at the transition date.

(iv) Deemed cost for property, plant and equipment and intangible assets

the Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all its property, plant and equipment and intangible assets recognized as of April 01, 2015 (transition date) measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.

(v) Deemed cost on investments in subsidiaries and associates

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of investments in subsidiaries, Joint Venture and associates in its financial statements as per Ind AS 101.


Mar 31, 2016

1.1 Corporate information

Man Infraconstruction Limited is a Public Company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its shares are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange in India. The Company was incorporated on 16th August, 2002 and is engaged in the business of Civil Construction.

1.2 Basis of preparation of Financial Statements:

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India, on the basis of going concern under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply, in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act), read together with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Act. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Act. Based on the nature of operations and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as less than 12 months for the purpose of current - noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.

Transactions and balances with values below the rounding off norm adopted by the Company have been reflected as "0.00" in the relevant notes in these financial statements.

1.3 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Although such estimates are on a reasonable and prudent basis taking into account all available information, actual results could differ from estimates. Differences on account of revision of estimates / actual outcome and existing estimates are recognized prospectively once such results are known / materialized in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard, as may be applicable.

1.4 Tangible fixed assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, non refundable taxes, borrowing costs, if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its present location and condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

1.5 Intangible assets:

Intangible fixed assets are recognized only if they are separately identifiable and the Company expects to receive the future economic benefits arising out of them and cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

1.6 Depreciation and amortization:

1.6.1 Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is computed on written down value method except with respect to Steel shuttering materials, Racks and pallets and Leasehold premises where depreciation is provided on straight line method (SLM). Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during a period is proportionately charged. Useful life and residual value prescribed in Schedule II to the Act are considered for computing depreciation except in the following cases :

For Moulds for Mineral Materials (included in Shuttering Materials), the residual value is considered at 31% to 52% of original cost, which is higher than the limit specified in Schedule II to the Act.

For these classes of assets, based on internal assessments and technical evaluation, the Company believes that the useful lives and residual values as given above best represent the period over which the Company expects to use these assets. Hence the useful lives and residual values for these assets are different from the useful lives and residual values as prescribed in Schedule II to the Act.

1.6.2 Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over the estimated useful economic life as follows:

Design charges for Shuttering Materials - amortized over expected project duration ranging from 1-2 years.

Computer software - 2 years.

The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern.

1.7 Borrowing Costs :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are treated as direct cost and are capitalized as part of cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

1.8 Impairments:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the assets are reflected at the recoverable amount.

1.9 Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held as on date of investment for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is recognized if it is other than temporary. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.10 Inventories:

1.10.1 Inventory of construction materials is valued at lower of cost (net of indirect taxes, wherever recoverable) and net realizable value. Cost is determined on FIFO basis. However, inventory is not written down below cost if the estimated revenue of the concerned contract is in excess of estimated cost.

1.10.2 Work-in-progress / other stock is valued at lower of cost (net of indirect taxes, wherever recoverable) and net realizable value.

1.11 Revenue Recognition:

1.11.1 Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

1.11.2 Construction Contracts

Contract revenue and expenses associated with the construction contracts are recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the project at the reporting date. The stage of completion of project is determined by considering all relevant factors relating to contracts including survey of work performed, on completion of a physical proportion of the work done and proportion of contract costs incurred. When it is probable that total contract costs will exceed total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognized as an expense immediately irrespective of stage of work done. Variations, claims and incentives are recognized to the extent that it is probable that they will result in revenue and they are capable of being reliably measured.

1.11.3 Revenues from other contracts are recognized in terms of underlying arrangements and on rendering of services.

1.11.4 Interest and dividend income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

1.11.5 Accounting for Lease Income

Income earned by way of leasing or renting out of commercial premises is recognized as income in accordance with Accounting Standard 19 on Leases. Initial direct cost such as brokerage, etc. are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of lease.

1.12 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transactions. Exchange gains and losses arising on settlement of such transactions are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at the yearend rate and difference in translations and unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

1.13 Employee Benefits:

1.13.1 Short term employee benefits (benefits which are payable within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render service) are measured at cost and recognized during the period when the employees render the service. Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit. The Company measures the expected cost of such absences as the additional amount that it expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the reporting date.

1.13.2 Long term employees benefits (benefits which are payable after the end of twelve months from the end of the period in which the employees render service) and Post employment benefits (benefits which are payable after completion of employment) are measured on a discounted basis by the Projected Unit Credit Method on the basis of annual third party actuarial valuation and are recognized during the period when the employees render the service.

1.13.3 Contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution plan, are made in accordance with the rules of the statute and are recognized as expenses when employees render service entitling them to the contributions. The Company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund.

1.13.4 Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

1.14 Taxes on income:

Provision for Taxation is made on the basis of taxable profits computed for the current accounting period (reporting period) in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961;

Deferred tax is calculated at the rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date and is recognized on timing differences that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are recognized on carry forward tax losses and unabsorbed depreciation only if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized. Other deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization in future. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of change in tax rates is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period of substantive enactment of the change. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

1.15 Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.16 Provision and Contingent Liabilities / Assets :

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liabilities are stated separately by way of a note. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is not probable that a cash outflow will be required to settle the obligation. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed.

1.17 Cash and Cash Equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank, cash in hand, deposits with banks and other short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

1.18 Cash Flow Statement:

Cash Flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, such as deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and items of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are separately mentioned.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Corporate information:

Man Infraconstruction Limited is a Public Company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its shares are listed on BSE Limited and National Stock Exchange of India Limited in India. The Company was incorporated on 16th August, 2002 and is engaged in the business of Civil Construction.

1.2 Basis of preparation of Financial Statements:

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India, on the basis of going concern under the historical cost convention and also on accrual basis. These financial statements comply, in all material aspects, with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (The Act) and the Companies Act, 2013 (to the extent applicable) and also accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated September 13, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of operations and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as less than 12 months.

1.3 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Although such estimates are on a reasonable and prudent basis taking into account all available information, actual results could differ from estimates. Differences on account of revision of estimates / actual outcome and existing estimates are recognised prospectively once such results are known / materialized in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard, as may be applicable.

1.4 Tangible fixed assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, non refundable taxes, borrowing costs, if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its present location and condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

1.5 Intangible assets:

Intangible fixed assets are recognized only if they are separately identifiable and the Company expects to receive the future economic benefits arising out of them and cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

1.6 Depreciation and amortization:

1.6.1 Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is computed on written down value method, at the rates and manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act except with respect to Steel Shuttering Materials, Racks and Pallets and Leasehold Premises. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during a period is proportionately charged.

Depreciation in respect of Steel Shuttering Materials (included in Shuttering Materials) is provided on straight line method considering a useful life of five years. Depreciation in respect of Racks and Pallets (included in Plant and Equipment) is provided on straight line method considering a useful life of four years. Leasehold Premises are amortized on a straight line basis over the respective period of lease.

1.6.2 Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated in full in the year of purchase.

1.6.3 Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over the estimated useful economic life as follows:

Design charges for Shuttering Materials - amortised over expected project duration ranging from 1-2 years.

Computer software - 2 years.

The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern. Such changes are accounted for in accordance with AS 5 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies.

1.7 Borrowing Costs :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are treated as direct cost and are capitalised as part of cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

1.8 Impairments:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the assets are reflected at the recoverable amount.

1.9 Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held as on date of investment for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is recognized if it is other than temporary.

1.10 Inventories:

1.10.1 Inventory of construction materials is valued at lower of cost (net of indirect taxes, wherever recoverable) and net realizable value on FIFO method. However, inventory is not written down below cost if the estimated revenue of the concerned contract is in excess of estimated cost.

1.10.2 Work-in-progress / other stock is valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

1.11 Revenue Recognition:

1.11.1 Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

1.11.2 Construction Contracts:

Contract revenue and expenses associated with the construction contracts are recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the project at the balance sheet date. The stage of completion of project is determined by considering all relevant factors relating to contracts including survey of work performed, on completion of a physical proportion of the work done and proportion of contract costs incurred. When it is probable that total contract costs will exceed total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognised as an expense immediately irrespective of stage of work done. Variations, claims and incentives are recognized at advanced stages when it is probable that they will fructify.

1.11.3 Revenues from other contracts are recognised as and when services are rendered.

1.11.4 Interest and dividend income:

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

1.11.5 Accounting for Lease Income:

Income earned by way of leasing or renting out of commercial premises is recognized as income in accordance with Accounting Standards 19 on Leases. Initial direct cost such as brokerage, etc. are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of lease.

1.12 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transactions. Exchange gains and losses arising on settlement of such transactions are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at the year end rate and difference in translations and unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

1.13 Employee Benefits:

1.13.1 Short term employee benefits (benefits which are payable within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render service) are measured at cost and recognized during the period when the employees render the service. Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit. The Company measures the expected cost of such absences as the additional amount that it expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the reporting date.

1.13.2 Long term employees benefits (benefits which are payable after the end of twelve months from the end of the period in which the employees render service) and Post employment benefits (benefits which are payable after completion of employment) are measured on a discounted basis by the Projected Unit Credit Method on the basis of annual third party actuarial valuation and are recognized during the period when the employees render the service.

1.13.3 Contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution plan, are made in accordance with the rules of the statute and are recognized as expenses when employees render service entitling them to the contributions. The Company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund.

1.13.4 Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

1.14 Taxes on income:

Provision for Taxation is made on the basis of taxable profits computed for the current accounting period (reporting period) in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961;

Deferred tax is calculated at the rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date and is recognized on timing differences that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are recognized on carry forward of unabsorbed depreciation and tax losses only if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized. Other deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization in future. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of change in tax rates is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period of enactment of the change. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

1.15 Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.16 Provision and Contingent Liabilities / Assets :

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liabilities are stated separately by way of a note. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is not probable that a cash outflow will be required to settle the obligation. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed.

1.17 Cash and Cash Equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank, cash in hand, deposits with banks and other short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

1.18 Cash Flow Statement:

Cash Flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, such as deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and items of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are separately mentioned.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Corporate information

Man Infraconstruction Limited is a Public Company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its shares are listed on two stock exchanges in India. The Company was incorporated on 16th August, 2002 and is engaged in the business of Civil Construction.

1.2 Basis of preparation of Financial Statements:

These financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting, in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''), the accounting principles generally accepted in India (Indian GAAP) and comply with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government, in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards, to the extent applicable. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 notified by MCA vide its notification no. 447(E) dated 28th February, 2011. Based on the nature of Operations and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as less than 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

1.3 Use of Estimates:

The Preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Although such estimates are on a reasonable and prudent basis taking into account all available information, actual results could differ from estimates. Differences on account of revision of estimates / actual outcome and existing estimates are recognised prospectively once such results are known / materialized in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard, as may be applicable.

1.4 Tangible fixed assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, non refundable taxes, borrowing costs, if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its present location and condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

1.5 Intangible assets:

Intangible fixed assets are recognized only if they are separately identifiable and the Company expects to receive the future economic benefits arising out of them and cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any

1.6 Depreciation and amortization:

1.6.1 Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is computed on written down value method, at the rates and manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act except with respect to Steel shuttering material, Racks and pallets and Leasehold premises. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during a period is proportionately charged.

Depreciation in respect of Steel Shuttering Material (included in Shuttering Materials) has been provided on straight line method considering a useful life of five years for the said assets. Depreciation in respect of Racks and Pallets (included in Plant and Equipment) has been provided on straight line method considering a useful life of four years for the said assets. Leasehold premises are amortized on a straight line basis over the period of lease, i.e., 30 years.

1.6.2 Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated in full in the year of purchase.

Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over the estimated useful economic life as follows:

Design Charges for Shuttering Materials - amortised over expected project duration of 1-2 years

Computer software - 2 years.

The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern. Such changes are accounted for in accordance with AS 5 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies.

1.7 Borrowing Costs :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are treated as direct cost and are capitalised as part of cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

1.8 Impairments:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the assets are reflected at the recoverable amount.

1.9 Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held as on date of investment for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is recognized if it is other than temporary.

1.10 Inventories:

1.10.1 Inventory of construction materials is valued at lower of cost (net of indirect taxes, wherever recoverable) and net realizable value on FIFO method. However, inventory is not written down below cost if the estimated revenue of the concerned contract is in excess of estimated cost.

1.10.2 Work-in-progress / other stock is valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

1.11 Revenue Recognition:

1.11.1 Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

1.11.2 Construction Contracts

Contract revenue and expenses associated with the construction contracts are recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the project at the balance sheet date. The stage of completion of project is determined by considering all relevant factors relating to contracts including survey of work performed, on completion of a physical proportion of the work done and proportion of contract costs incurred. In the event of loss is estimated, provision is made upfront for the entire loss irrespective of stage of work done. Variations, claims and incentives are recognized at advanced stages when it is probable that they will fructify.

1.11.3 Revenues from other contracts are recognised as and when services are rendered.

1.11.4 Interest and dividend income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

1.11.5 Accounting for Lease Income

Income earned by way of leasing or renting out of commercial premises is recognized as income in accordance with Accounting Standards 19 on Leases. Initial direct cost such as brokerage, etc. are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of lease.

1.12 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transactions. Exchange gains and losses arising on settlement of such transactions are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at the year end rate and difference in translations and unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

1.13 Employee Benefits:

1.13.1 Short term employee benefits (benefits which are payable within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render service) are measured at cost and recognized during the period when the employee renders the service. The Company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting date.

1.13.2 Long term employees benefits (benefits which are payable after the end of twelve months from the end of the period in which the employees render service) and Post employment benefits (benefits which are payable after completion of employment) are measured on a discounted basis by the Projected Unit Credit Method on the basis of annual third party actuarial valuation and are recognized during the period when the employee rendered the service.

1.13.3 Contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution plan, are made in accordance with the rules of the statute and are recognized as expenses when employees have rendered service entitling them to the contributions.

1.13.4 Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

1.14 Taxes on income:

Provision for Taxation is made on the basis of taxable profits computed for the current accounting period (reporting period) in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961;

Deferred tax is calculated at the rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date and is recognized on timing differences that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are recognized on carry forward of unabsorbed depreciation and tax losses only if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized. Other deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization in future. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of change in tax rates is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period of enactment of the change.

1.15 Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period.

The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.16 Provision and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liabilities are stated separately by way of a note. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is not probable that a cash outflow will be required to settle the obligation.

1.17 Cash Flow Statement:

Cash Flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, such as deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and items of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are separately mentioned.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Corporate information

Man Infraconstruction Limited is a Public Company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its shares are listed on two (2) Stock Exchanges in India. The Company was incorporated on 16th August, 2002 and is engaged in the business of Civil Construction.

1.2 Basis of preparation of Financial Statements:

These financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting, in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 ('the Act'), the accounting principles generally accepted in India (Indian GAAP) and comply with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government, in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards, to the extent applicable.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 notified by MCA vide its Notification no. 447(E) dated 28th February 2011. Based on the nature of Operations and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as less than 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year, except for the change in accounting policy explained below in Note No.1.3.

1.3 Change in accounting policy

1.3.1 Dividend on investment in subsidiary companies Till the year ended 31st March, 2011, the Company, in accordance with the pre-revised Schedule VI requirement, was recognizing dividend declared by subsidiary companies after the reporting date in the current year's Statement of Profit and Loss if such dividend pertained to the period ending on or before the reporting date. The revised Schedule VI, applicable for financial years commencing on or after 1st April, 2011, does not contain this requirement. Hence, to comply with AS 9 Revenue Recognition, the Company has changed its accounting policy for recognition of dividend income from subsidiary companies. In accordance with the revised policy the Company recognizes dividend as income only when the right to receive the same is established by the reporting date.

Had the Company continued to use the earlier policy of recognizing dividend, the credit to the Statement of Profit and Loss after tax for the current year would have been higher by Rs. 402.34 lakhs and the current assets would correspondingly have been higher by Rs. 402.34 lakhs.

1.3.2 Depreciation

During the year ended 31st March, 2012, the depreciation accounting policy in respect of Steel shuttering material (included in Shuttering Materials) has been changed with retrospective effect from written down value method of providing depreciation at 20% to straight line method of providing depreciation considering a useful life of five years for the said assets. Consequent to this, the depreciation in respect of the past years amounting to Rs. 153.75 lakhs ( net of deferred tax) has been charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year.

Had the Company continued to use the earlier policy of charging depreciation on steel shuttering material, the debit to the Statement of Profit and Loss after deferred tax for the current year would have been lower by Rs. 305.49 lakhs.

1.4 Use of Estimates:

The Preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of Financial Statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Although such estimates are on a reasonable and prudent basis taking into account all available information, actual results could differ from estimates. Differences on account of revision of estimates / actual outcome and existing estimates are recognized prospectively once such results are known / materialized in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard, as may be applicable.

1.5 Tangible fixed assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, non refundable taxes, borrowing costs, if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its present location and condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

1.6 Intangible assets:

Intangible fixed assets are recognized only if they are separately identifiable and the Company expects to receive the future economic benefits arising out of them and cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any

1.7 Depreciation and amortization:

1.71 Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is computed on written down value method, at the rates and manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act except with respect to Steel shuttering material and Lease- hold premises. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during a period is proportionately charged. Depreciation in respect of Steel Shuttering Material (included in Shuttering Materials) has been provided on straight line method considering a useful life of five years for the said assets. Leasehold premises are amortized on a straight line basis over the period of lease, i.e., 30 years.

1.72 Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated in full in the year of purchase.

1.73 Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over the estimated useful economic life as follows:

Design Charges for Shuttering Materials - amortized over expected project duration of 1-2 years Computer Software - 2 years.

The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern. Such changes are accounted for in accordance with AS 5 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies.

1.8 Borrowing Costs :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are treated as direct cost and are capitalized as part of cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

1.9 Impairments:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the assets are reflected at the recoverable amount.

1.10 Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held as on date of investment for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is recognized if it is other than temporary

1.11 Inventories:

1.11.1 Inventory of construction materials is valued at cost (net of indirect taxes, wherever recoverable) on FIFO method, net of provision for diminution in the value. However, inventory is not written down below cost if the estimated revenue of the concerned contract is in excess of estimated cost.

1.11.2Work-in-progress / other stock is valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

1.12 Revenue Recognition:

1.12.1 Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

1.12.2 Construction Contracts

Contract revenue and expenses associated with the construction contracts are recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the project at the Balance Sheet date. The stage of completion of project is determined by considering all relevant factors relating to contracts including survey of work performed, on completion of a physical proportion of the work done and proportion of contract costs incurred. In the event of loss is estimated, provision is made up front for the entire loss irrespective of stage of work done. Variations, claims and incentives are recognized at advanced

stages when it is probable that they will fructify

1.12.3 Revenues from other contracts are recognized as and when services are rendered.

1.12.4 Interest and dividend income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

1.12.5 Accounting for Lease Income

Income earned by way of leasing or renting out of commercial premises is recognized as income in accordance with Accounting Standards 19 on Leases. Initial direct cost such as brokerage, etc. are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of lease.

1.13 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transactions. Exchange gains and losses arising on settlement of such transactions are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at the yearend rate and difference in translations and unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

1.14 Employee Benefits:

1.14.1 Short term employee benefits (benefits which are payable within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render service) are measured at cost and recognized during the period when the employee renders the service.

The Company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the Balance Sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting date.

2 Long term employees benefits (benefits which are payable after the end of twelve months from the end of the period in which the employees render service) and Post employment benefits (benefits which are payable after completion of employment) are measured on a discounted basis by the Projected Unit Credit Method on the basis of annual third party actuarial valuation and are recognized during the period when the employee rendered the service.

1.14.3 Contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution plan, are made in accordance with the rules of the statute and are recognized as expenses when employees have rendered service entitling them to the contributions.

1.14.4 Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

1.15 Taxes on income:

Provision for Taxation is made on the basis of taxable Profits computed for the current accounting period (reporting period) in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961;

Deferred tax is calculated at the rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date and is recognized on timing differences that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are recognised on carry forward of unabsorbed depreciation and tax losses only if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized. Other deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization in future. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of change in tax rates is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period of enactment of the change.

1.16 Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the Net Profit or Loss for the period attributable to Equity Shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid Equity Shares are treated as a fraction of an Equity Share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of Equity Shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the Net Profit or Loss for the period attributable to Equity Shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential Equity Shares.

1.17 Provision and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates Contingent liabilities are stated separately by way of a note. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is not probable that a cash outflow will be required to settle the obligation.

1.18 Cash and Cash Equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank, cash in hand, deposits with banks and other short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

1.19 Cash Flow Statement:

Cash Flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, such as deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and items of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash nows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are separately mentioned.

The Company has only one class of shares referred to as Equity Shares having a par value of Rs. 10 each. Each holder of Equity Share is entitled to one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the Shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in case of Interim Dividend.

The Board of Directors, in their meeting on 28th May 2012, have recommended a final dividend of Rs.4.5 per Equity Share for the financial year 2011-12. The payment is subject to approval of shareholders in ensuing Annual General Meeting. The total dividend appropriation for the year ended 31st March, 2012 amounted to Rs. 2,486.71 lakhs including Dividend Distribution Tax of Rs. 259.21 lakhs.

During the year ended 31st March, 2011, the amount of per Share dividend recognized as distributions to Equity Shareholders was Rs. 3.60 of which Rs. 1.80 was towards interim dividend and Rs. 1.80 towards final dividend. The total dividend appropriation for the year ended 31st March, 2011 amounted to Rs. 1,984.03 lakhs including dividend distribution tax of Rs. 202.03 lakhs.

In the event of liquidation of the Company the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive the remaining assets of the company after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of Equity Shares held by the Shareholders.

The Company has been sanctioned bank overdraft facility, cash credit facility and non-fund based facilities (including Letter of credit) by Commercial Banks. The Company has pledged fixed deposit of Rs. 4,755.00 lakhs (PY Rs. 500.00 lakhs) for overdraft facility and Rs. 1,216.50 lakhs (PY Rs. 1,243.00 lakhs) for non-fund based facilities, with the banks as security In addition cash credit facility and non - fund based facilities are further secured by way of equitable mortgage over its office premises at Mumbai, hypothecation of book debts and personal guarantee of one of the Directors of the Company

The Exceptional item of Rs. 1,160.23 lakhs relates to the proceedings under Section 132 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 initiated by the Income Tax Authorities in January, 2012. The same arises due to the accounting effect (net of expenses) given to the statements made during the course of such proceedings, which relate both to the current and the previous years. The tax payable on such income resulting there from has been provided for in the accounts. The final assessments are in progress.


Mar 31, 2010

I). Basis of preparation of Financial Statements:

These financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting, in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act), the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government, in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards, to the extent applicable. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

ii). Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Although such estimates are on a reasonable and prudent basis taking into account all available information, actual results could differ from estimates. Differences on account of revision of estimates / actual outcome and existing estimates are recognised prospectively once such results are known / materialized in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard, as may be applicable.

iii). Revenue Recognition:

a. Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

b. Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognised pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered.

c. Construction Contracts:

Contract revenue and expenses associated with the construction contracts are recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the project at the balance sheet date. The stage of completion of project is determined by considering all relevant factors relating to contracts including survey of work performed, on completion of a physical proportion of the work done and proportion of contract costs incurred. In the event of loss is estimated, provision is made upfront for the entire loss irrespective of stage of work done. Variations, claims and incentives are recognized at advanced stages when it is probable that they will fructify.

d. Dividend income is recognized when the Companys right to receive dividend is established. Dividend from subsidiaries is recognised even if same are declared after the balance sheet date but pertains to period on or before the date of balance sheet as per the requirement of Schedule VI of the Companies Act, 1956.

e. Interest is recognized using the time - proportion method, based on rates implicit in the transaction.

iv). Fixed Assets:

a. The fixed assets are stated at cost (net of indirect taxes, wherever recoverable) less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Cost comprises of all expenses incurred in bringing the assets to its present location and working condition for intended use.

b. Intangible fixed assets are recognized only if they are separately identifiable and the Company expects to receive the future economic benefits arising out of them and cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

v). Depreciation:

a. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is computed on written down value method, at the rates and manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act except Steel Shuttering Materials which are depreciated @ 20 % based on the useful life determined by the Management of the Company. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during a period is proportionately charged.

b. Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,0007- are depreciated in full in the year of purchase.

c. Intangible Assets are amortised on a straight-line basis over their expected useful lives.

vi), inventories:

a. Inventory of construction materials is valued at cost (net of indirect taxes, wherever recoverable) on FIFO method, net of provision for diminution in the value. However, inventory is not written down below cost if the estimated revenue of the concerned contract is in excess of estimated cost.

b. Work-in-progress is valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

vii). Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long- term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is recognized if it is other than temporary.

viii).Provision and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liabilities are stated separately by way of a note. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation.

ix). Share Issue Expenditure:

Expense incurred in relation to raising of Share Capital were amortized equally over 5 years and on completion of initial public offering during the year, are adjusted (net of taxes) against Securities Premium Account.

x). Employee Benefits:

a. Short term employee benefits (benefits which are payable within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render service) are measured at cost and recognized during the period when the employee renders the service.

b. Long term employees benefits (benefits which are payable after the end of twelve months from the end of the period in which the employees render service) and Post employment benefits (benefits which are payable after completion of employment) are measured on a discounted basis by the Projected Unit Credit Method on the basis of annual third party actuarial valuation and are recognized during the period when the employee rendered the service.

c. Contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution plan, are made in accordance with the rules of the statute and are recognized as expenses when employees have rendered service entitling them to the contributions.

d. Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Profit and Loss account and are not deferred.

xi). Accounting For Leases:

Rental expenses / incomes arising out of arrangements in the nature of operating leases, where risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vests with the lessor, are charged / credited to the Profit & Loss account. Initial direct cost is charged in the year of lease.

xii). Earnings Per Share:

Basic Earnings Per Share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

xiii).Foreign Currency Transactions:

a. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transactions. Exchange gains and losses arising on settlement of such transactions are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

b. Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at the year end rate and difference in translations and unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency transactions are recognized in the profit and loss account.

xiv).Taxes on income:

a. Provision for Taxation is made on the basis of taxable profits computed for the current accounting period (reporting period) in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961;

b. Fringe Benefit Tax on all expenses, as specified in the Income Tax Act, 1961, is recognized in the Profit and Loss account when the underlying expenses are incurred.

c. Deferred Tax is calculated at the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the Balance Sheet date and is recognized on timing difference that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Where there are unabsorbed carry forward business losses or depreciation, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Other deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty of realization in future.

xv). Impairments:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the assets are reflected at the recoverable amount.

xvi). Cash and Cash Equivalents:

Cash and Cash Equivalents comprise cash in hand, balance in current and deposit accounts with banks and highly liquid investments that can be readily convertible to known amounts of cash.

xvii). Cash Flow Statement:

Cash Flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, such as deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and items of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are separately mentioned.


Mar 31, 2009

I) Method of accounting:

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act), and the accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 , to the extent applicable.

ii) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from such estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

iii) Fixed Assets:

a. The fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Cost comprises of all expenses incurred in bringing the assets to its present location and working condition for intended use.

b. Intangible fixed assets are recognized only if they are separately identifiable and the Company expects to receive the future economic benefits arising out of them and cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

iv) Depreciation:

a. Depreciation on fixed assets is computed on written down value method, at the rates and manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act except Steel Shuttering Materials which are depreciated @ 20 % based on the useful life determined by the Management of the Company.

b. Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated in full in the year of purchase.

c. Intangible Assets are amortised on a straight-line basis over their expected useful lives. v) Revenue Recognition:

a. Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

b. Construction Contracts

Contract revenue and expenses associated with the construction contracts are recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the project at the balance sheet date. The stage of completion of project is determined by considering all relevant factors relating to contracts including survey of work performed, on completion of a physical proportion of the work done and proportion of contract costs incurred. In the event of loss is estimated, provision is made upfront for the entire loss irrespective of stage of work done. Variation, claims and incentives are recognized at advanced stages when it is probable that they will fructify.

c. Dividends

Revenue is recognized when the Companys right to receive Dividend is established by the balance sheet date.

d. Interest

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking in to contractual terms.

vi) Inventories:

a. Inventory of construction materials is valued at cost on FIFO method, net of provision for diminution in the value. However, inventory is not written down below cost if the estimated revenue of the concerned contract is in excess of estimated cost.

b. Work-in-progress is valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

vii) Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is recognized if it is other than temporary.

viii) Provision and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are stated separately by way of a note.

ix) Share Issue Expenditure:

Expense incurred in relation to raising of Share Capital are amortized equally over a period of 5 years.

x) Preliminary Expenditure:

Preliminary Expenses incurred are written off in the profit and loss A/c.

xi) Employee Benefits:

a. Short term employee benefits (benefits which are payable within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render service) are measured at cost and recognized during the period when the employee renders the service.

b. Long term employees benefits (benefits which are payable after the end of twelve months from the end of the period in which the employees render service) and Post employment benefits (benefits which are payable after completion of employment) are measured on a discounted basis by the Projected Utiit Credit Method on the basis of annual third party actuarial valuation and are recognized during the period when the employee rendered the service.

c. Contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution plan, are made on accordance with the rules of the statute and are recognized as expenses when employees have rendered service entitling them to the contributions.

d. Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Profit and Loss account and are not deferred.

xii) Accounting For Leases:

Rental expenses / Incomes arising out of arrangements in the nature of operating leases, where risks and rewards incident to ownership of an asset substantially vests with the lessor, are charged / credited to the Profit & Loss account. Initial direct cost is charged in the year of lease.

xiii) Earnings Per Share:

Basic Earnings Per Share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

xiv) Foreign Currency Transactions:

a. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transactions. Exchange gains and losses arising on settlement of such transactions are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

b. Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at the year end rate and difference in translations and realized gains or losses on foreign currency transactions are recognized in the profit and loss account.

xv) Taxes on income:

a. Provision for Taxation is made on the basis of taxable profits computed for the current accounting period (reporting period) in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961;

b. Fringe Benefit Tax on all expenses, as specified in the Income Tax Act, 1961, is recognized in the Profit and Loss account when the underlying expenses are incurred.

c. Deferred Tax is calculated at the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the Balance Sheet date and is recognized on timing difference that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Where there is unabsorbed carry forward business losses or depreciation, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Other deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty of realization in future.

xvi) Impairments:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the assets are reflected at the recoverable amount.


Mar 31, 2008

I). Method of accounting:

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act), and the accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 , to the extent applicable.

ii). Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from such estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

iii). Fixed Assets:

a. The fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Cost comprises of all expenses incurred in bringing the assets to its present location and working condition for intended use.

b. Intangible fixed assets are recognized only if they are separately identifiable and the Company expects to receive the future economic benefits arising out of them and cost of the assets can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

iv). Depreciation :

a. Depreciation on fixed assets is computed on written down value method, at the rates and manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act except Steel Shuttering Materials which are depreciated @ 20 % based on the useful life determined by the Management of the Company.

b. Individual asset costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated in full in the year of purchase.

c. Intangible Assets are amortised on a straight-line basis over their expected useful lives.

v). Revenue Recognition:

a. Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

b. Construction Contracts

Contract revenue and expenses associated with the construction contracts are recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the project at the balance sheet date. The stage of completion of project is determined by considering all relevant factors relating to contracts including survey of work performed, on completion of a physical proportion of the work done and proportion of contract costs incurred. In the event of loss is estimated, provision is made upfront for the entire loss irrespective of stage of work done. Variation, claims and incentives are recognized at advanced stages when it is probable that they will fructify.

c. Dividends

Revenue is recognized when the Companys right to receive Dividend is established by the balance sheet date.

d. Interest

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking in to contractual terms. vi). Inventories:

a. Inventory of construction materials is valued at cost on FIFO method, net of provision for diminution in the value. However, inventory is not written down below cost if the estimated revenue of the concerned contract is in excess of estimated cost.

b. Work-in-progress is valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

vii). (Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is recognized if it is other than temporary.

viii). Provision and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are stated separately by way of a note.

ix). Share Issue Expenditure:

Expense incurred in relation to raising of Share Capital are amortized equally over a period of 5 years. x). Employee Benefits:

a. Short term employee benefits (benefits which are payable within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render service) are measured at cost and recognised during the period when the employee renders the service.

b. Long term employees benefits (benefits which are payable after the end of twelve months from the end of the period in which the employees render service) and Post employment benefits (benefits which are payable after completion of employment) are measured on a discounted basis by the Projected Unit Credit Method on the basis of annual third party actuarial valuation and are recognised during the period when the employee rendered the service.

c. Contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution plan, are made on accordance with the rules of the statute and are recognized as expenses when employees have rendered service entitling them to the contributions.

d. Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Profit and Loss account and are not deferred.

xi). Accounting For Leases:

Rental expenses arising out of arrangements in the nature of operating leases, where risks and rewards incident to ownership of an asset substantially vests with the lessor, are charged to Profit & Loss account. Initial direct cost is charged in the year of lease.

xii). Earning Per Share:

Basic Earnings Per Share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

xiii). Foreign Currency Transactions:

a. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transactions. Exchange gains and losses arising on settlement of such transactions is recognised as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

b. Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at the year end rate and difference in translations and realized gains or losses on foreign currency transactions are recognised in the profit and loss account.

xiv). Taxes on income:

a. Provision for Taxation is made on the basis of taxable profits computed for the current accounting period (reporting period) in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961;

b. Deferred Tax is calculated at the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the Balance Sheet date and is recognized on timing difference that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Where there is unabsorbed carry forward business losses or depreciation, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Other deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty of realisation in future.

xv). Impairments:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no hnger exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the assets are reflected at the recoverable amount.

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