The UIDAI is the authorized authority to issue Aadhaar Card.It has provided a special feature to aadhar holders to check their aadhaar authentication history online via their official website.
This is a unique feature which will allow the users to check in the history of their aadhar details update request. If an individual changes his/her address, phone number, email address and so on, the same can be updated and it will be stored under the Update Request Number (URN) in UIDAI’s database. The users can also get their biometric as well as demographic details offline at the enrollment centres and the updated transaction can be viewed on the online platform.
One can check the history of aadhaar authentication via the official web page of UIDAI. To avail, this facility, one’s mobile number should be registered in the UIDAI database. Follow the below-mentioned steps to check aadhaar update history:
Step 1: Visit the UIDAI web portal
Step 2: Select the option ‘Aadhaar Update History (Beta) from the ‘Aadhaar Update’ section.
Step 3: Enter your aadhaar number or the Virtual ID followed by security code.
Step 4: Proceeding further you can either select one of the options either send the OTP to registered mobile number or generate Time -based OTP (TOTP) from the mAadhaar app.
Step 5: If you select Send OTP option then you will receive an OTP which will be sent to your mobile number which is registered with Aadhaar.
Step 6: If you have selected TOTP option, then you will be receiving a TOTP which will be generated in the mAadhar app for authentication.
Step 7: Enter the OTP/TOTP and click on the option ‘submit’.
Step 8: A list of all the update instances will be displayed on the screen which involves both online or offline updates or in biometric or demographic data.
The results of Aadhar Authentication Update history which get displayed on the screen will include:
URN – The URN stands for Update Request Number which gets generated at the time of placing the request. This will be mentioned first, this will be used to check the status of the update request.
Date and Time of Checking – The date and time of checking the aadhar update history will be mentioned on the screen.
Type of Update – The type of update, be it biometric, demographic or a new request will be displayed on the screen.
Date of Update – The date on which the request for updating the aadhar details was submitted will also be displayed on the screen.
Photo of the User – The user photo gets displayed on the screen.
Demographic Details – The demographic details such as e-mail ID, mobile number, name, date of birth, gender and address mentioned in the aadhar will also get displayed.
In future, many service providers are expected to link Aadhaar authentication to provide services. After linkage of services, people have to mandatorily submit the proofs of their identities to secure the Aadhaar linked services, a host of beneficiary services, subsidies and so on. The authentication process may be required at the time of taking the service or either at the time of service delivery.
The several ways of Aadhaar authentication include:
Biometric Based Authentication
In the case of the biometric-based authentication, an individual will be uniquely identified by evaluating one or many distinguishing biological traits. The list of distinguishing biological traits includes DNA, fingerprints, IRIS patterns, voice waves, retina and so on. In the case of Aadhaar authentication, the service agents and other entities or firms will either opt for the iris patterns or fingerprints of an individual to authenticate the identities. Here, aadhaar number along with the biometric information was given by the individual will be matched along with the information stored in CIDR.
All the demographic information including name, date of birth, residential address, gender will have to provide at the time of applying for the Aadhaar card. On receiving the Aadhaar card, it will consist of all the demographic information linked with the aadhaar number. In the case of demographic authentication, the demographic information linked with aadhaar number which is available in the CIDR will be matched.
OTP Based Authentication
The OTP which stands for one time pin or password is a password which is valid for a short period. It can be used only once for a login session or for transaction over the internet. In this case, the individual can verify and authenticate his/her identity to get the aadhaar linked services. Residents can request for an OTP using the service providers application and later provide his/her Aadhaar number along with an OTP which will be sent to the registered mobile number with Aadhaar card or e-mail ID.
In the case of multi-factor authentication uses a combination of two or more modes of authentication. The entity who is requesting for this kind of authentication can choose for any combination of any of the modes of authentication which suits them.
The following are the benefits of Aadhaar Authentication:
There are different types of IDs issued by different government entities. Verification of the information given in various types of identification cards from the respective governing body is a tremendous task, to simplify the same, Aadhaar has been introduced by the government to verify the individual's identity. As this contains both the biometric and demographic information, the authentication process will be quicker than the offline verification methods.
Aadhaar authentication is useful for securing various services and subsidies. It also provides authentication of financial transactions. Using the Unified Payment Interface (UPI) based mobile app, the service providers can authenticate and verify individuals online financial transaction. People can even use Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM) mobile app for the authentication process and for verification purpose to validate the transactions and payments amongst individuals and merchants.
The main purpose of Aadhaar authentication is to identify the deserving residents who are eligible for securing benefits and subsidies of several government-run schemes. With the help of the aadhaar authentication, the service provider and other concerned entities can verify and ensure that the deserving residents are claiming and obtaining the benefits or services which they are entitled to. This also checks for the fraudulent activities if any and saves the government’s resources and ensure that the benefits are passed on only to the deserving ones.
In India, there is a wide range of list of proof identification issued by the concerned government entities and it includes Passport, Ration card, Driving License, Election Voter ID, PAN Card and so on. Since different proofs of identities are dispersed by several providers it is difficult to authenticate an individuals information based on different types of proof of identity. With the help of Aadhaar authentication, the residents will need to provide only their Aadhaar number to the service providers to authenticate their identities and thus reduce the bundle of different types of identity proofs.
Aadhaar authentication comes in handy in high-level security places including airports, banks and so on. Using Aadhaar authentication, concerned authorities can control access of the people especially at highly secured areas and entry of individuals into these highly secured areas can only be granted after the authentication process.